THE PERQUIMANS WEEKLY, HERTFORD, N. C, FRIDAY, MARCH 2, 1945.
L001O AT WASHINGTON
By HUGO S. SIMS, Washington Correspondent
4r Prisoners Not Coddled But Fair President Asks Congress For
Treatment Here Helps U. S. Economic Cooperation With World
"f yv Prisoners Abroad When War Ends
"The' War Department has an "It is time for the United States
Abundance of evidence which leads it to take the lead in establishing the
to believe that our treatment of Ger-1 principle of economic cooperation as
man prisoners of war has a direct ef- ' the foundation for expanded world
act in securing: better treatment 01 trade," aeciares rresiaenr. Jtwoseveit,
American prisoners held in Ger- in requesting Congress to accept the Bettied upon the basis of a popular
many, uworea ... ... . V0M
her L. Lerch, rrovost-JHarsnai-uen- uDiisnmem 01 an o,ouu,uuu,wu "in- The emergencies of warfare do not
ml. who denies allegations of lax ternationai monetary runu, and a Dermit 0f referendumB .doubt and in-
kahdling of prisoners of war. i $9,100,000,000 International Bank decision. A nation at war must back
farm leaders, labor leaders and many j
business leaders. Without disparag-.
! iU - ; Ji AJ-: I
these representatives of special in
terests, we merely call attention to
the patent fact that they are not in
possession of the same information
that belongs to Mr. Byrnes and other
Even if we had considerable doubt
as to the wisdom of a "work-or-jail"
bill, we would feel impelled to sup
port the pending legislation upon the
request of the leaders of the nation's
war effort. No nation can wage war
if every decision must be debated and
It fa auite' common for columnists, for Reconstruction and Develop-
ommentators and authors to publish ment."
lllegations that the War Department Mr. Roosevelt correctly advises
Is "coddling prisoners of war. xne congress mat economic cooperation
act is that the Geneva Convention ! witn other nations is necessary e-
IXeS rules 01 IOOa, living conaiuons, cause pouutai cuu-ranuii win nui
tebpr, protection and safety of pris-; be enough to solve the difficult prob-
ners of war and. inasmuch as the . lems mat win coniront the world
Jnited States signed the Concention, when the war ends and the nations
i is under the obligation of observ- and peoples attempt to set up an
ig. its. term. ! arrangement to guarantee peace. '
The roster ot Bnonors of war to-1 A" the President says: "It would
Sals 859,140 and the record reveals , be a tragedy if differences of opinion
it eight murders and forty-three on minor details should lead us to
,1;hb hv rrrrf.a amonir uris-' sacrifice the basic agreement achiev
ers. Of these, five murders and eAd as. Problems." Many
. ... i i i j AmenpanR dn nnt vet rniDrermtn the
wo iorcea suiciaes nave Deen intceu : . ' r;
W Nazi methods. i Pnw oi economic cooper-
... , 4 - nun ttiiu uie imperative uciiia.ua uiai
Answering the complaints of some the United g word,s
ver-zealous patriots that German egt ind ,ft industrial nation,
-fttansra who rim are buried with ... '
... m u r Mtlce lne leaa m lormuiating a pro-
its leaders, or expect to suffer disas
trously in the prosecution of its war.
azj. flags on their coffins, the Gen-
Eram inai will encourage the eco-
I'M repurui umi vnsiuiuii auumuuco m; Aaannmani n i
hWr. the same respect to prisoners . .. ... ... .
Ken irom unnea out iurces. . , . .. . othflr .nronOHJllB fnr
from United States forces.
7"' !,B a ' economic cooperation will come be
risoners in Germany receive the f n, n rm
ase camps and that these are sup
plemented by Red Cross food pack
Sin regard to the work performed
l prisoners of war during 1944,
eneral Lerch says that this repre
, nted a saving of $80,000,000 at
rmy posts, camps and stations. In
jmuch as the prisoners work at pre
ailing wages but receive only eighty
3)ts a day in canteen coupons for
,ieir labor, the Government manages
1 make a profit on all work per
nned by prisoners of war.
Iighting Men Must Have Unlimited
TJiere are a great number of peo
e who find it difficult to understand
jihy the Army cannot make up its
jind as to the quantity of supplies,
Jmipment, weapons and munitions
ipeded for the prosecution of the
rs in which it is engaged,
kT. I.. 1
(a) Establishment of the food
and agriculture organization of the
(b) Broadening and strengthening
Trade Agreements Act of 1934.
(c) International agreement for
reducing trade barriers, controlling
cartels and the orderly marketing of
world surpluses of certain commo
dities. (d) A revision of the Export-Import
(e) An international oil agree
ment. (f) Further proposals in the held
of international aviation, shipping and
radio and wire communications.
Space is not available to take up
these individual suggestions and to
elaborate the reasons that urge
prompt adoption of the program by
the United States. Certainly, it is
WILLING WORKERS MEET
The Willing Workers met at the
home of Louise Hanks Thursday
night. February 15. Miriam Jones
had the program in charge. Opening
song, "He Keeps Me Singing" and
"Living For Jesus" were sung.
Reading: Hope by Marjorie Love;
Patience by Mary Mac; Faith by
Mildred Webb. Song, "Faith of Our
Fathers" was sung. Reading, The
Old Fashioned Way by Mary Lou
Butt. Poem by Miriam Jones was
g-jven. Business was then discussed
and plans made for the year.
The meeting was closed with a
prayer by Mrs. Elmer Banks
Games and contests were enjoy)
Refreshments were served to those
present, who were as follows: Mrs
W. K. Dail, Mary Mae Foster, Doris
Butt, Mrs. Elmer Banks, Mary Lou
Butt, Pearl Hunter, Bill Coribitt,
Horace Webb, Ray Morse, Jr., Sam
Corbitt, Billy Jones. Mildred Webb,
Miriam Jones, Dorothy Butt, Joyce
Butt, Marjorie Lou Perry and Louise
Kuy More War Bonds
Very Few Peanuts
Now Being Moved
CCC Allocations Princi
pal Source of Supply
Very few farmers' stock peanuts
are moving in any section. In the
Southeast practically the entire ton
nage, except that held by CCC and
for seed, has moved from growers to
shellers' hands. In the Virginia
Carolina area some small lots of
farmers' stock peanuts are still mov
ing to mills. Recent allocations of
peanuts which were made by CCC to
shellers in the Southeast and South
west are now providing the principal
source of supply for current opera
tions in those sections.
In the Virginia-Carolina area some
cleaned peanuts are still available for
currenf sale and occasional lots of
shelled peanuts are still moving to
the civilian trade. Many mills are
quite closely sold up on both shelled
and cleaned goods. Sales f. o. b.
shipping point, per lb., Virginias,
cleaned-jumbos 15Uc the ceiling;
fancys 15-15 V4 c ; shelled extra large
and mediums 16Uc the ceiling, No.
1 14 5-8c per lb. the ceiling.
history, and much remarkable human
insight which tell better than statis
tics how the farm women of this State
worked to form the present success
ful home demonstration program.
Mrs. McKimmon was one of the
five pioneer state home agents, be
ginning her work in 1911, to pro
mote girls' tomato clubs. The idea
was based on the successful boys'
corn clubs which had been organized
by the Farmers Cooperative Demon
Mrs. McKimmon was able to get
14 counties organized in that first
year and 230 farm girls planted one-
tenth acre of tomatoes each and fill
ed 35,000 cans. These pioneer coun
ties were Alamance, Catawba, Edge
combe, Gates, Granville, Guilford,
Hertford, Madison, Mecklenburg,
Moore, Pitt, Wake, Wayne and
Wilkes. Each of these counties pot
up $75 for a year's work, with the
exception of Wayne which was will
ing to risk only $50. The first
agents were supposed to work only
during the canning season but, as
Mrs. McKimmon tells, they worked
the whole summer, and have con
tinued to work in that manner since
Tells Story Of
A human interest story of how
home demonstration work overcame
all early obstacles and grew to De
one of the great educational move-
j ments of the past quarter century is
dramatically told in a new book writ-
j ten by Mrs. Jane S. McKimmon and
just released by the University of
, North Carolina Press.
The book bears the unassuming
title of "When We're Green, We
Grow" and in its 'Ah'i pages will be
found incidents, hitherto unrevealed
incumbent upon American citizens.
Nearly everyone know? that the .ardless of their political, economic,
5 procurement schedule has been 7 V1CW8' .lo nlafe
d close to twenty per cent above ?ome BJ"df of th .economic condi-
iii rMivr si,. n,i. fim, i.'11""8 lnal Prevm in the world and
.", " V; CT J " I their effect
own to be dependent uDon what
ppens abroad, it is obvious that
oduction goals may be upped or
ered as military events require.
Under-Secretary of War Robert P.
tterson points out that irround
ops need more ammunition, heavy
tillery and tanks. There is talk
upon the future peace of
lucks and engine parts,
Ihe truth of the matter is that
re can be no accurate prediction
the probable needs of ground
es prior to actual battle experi-
ce. Troops on the firing line, fight-
Byrnes Urges Manpower Bill, More
Men To Be In Combat In March
Than Ever Before
"More men will be in combat in
March than ever before," declares
James F. Byrnes, War Mobilization
ri : i , -
tout speeding up the production of ' " nls m,
Lew .. .,v.f, i Crimean Conference of the "Big
...... e-.w.. aim ",c Three "
oduction of more heavy bombers, i M. ' D , . .
--. J J ID VUAUVVlllg illO 1U11
support to the May Bill, often re
ferred to as a "work-or-jail" man
power measure, because he feels that
our men on the fighting fronts
"ought to have and use their ammu-
for their .ives, cannot stop to ZZJZZl.r f f
:e care of equipment and the wast- .. 7
e inevitably increases with the in- " vl0us'y impossible for the
isity of the fighting. Moreover, ZZt nt ,nformd ,as
r spldiers must have what they 8?cfacta a"d Programs involv
ed in proportion to what the enemy .'SJl? JS"6 the TT io. 3
rows into the struggle. I work-rMail 1. About all that
In view of the various reports froiri I We Can e by 18 the Pinion ol caP"
s battlefields, the immediate neces-' able ,eader8 who have our ful1 re"
y is to produce and keep produc-' spect-' This aPP,ies to Mr- Byrnes
r ' until the enemy is defeated. I and others who have P0"8 the
ere is no way to tell what the ! Pendin" legislation,
my and Navy and Air Force may We are acquainted with the oppo
itiire and when the demand arises. ' toon to, the Mil, including that of
pre must be no delay in providing .
b supplies. Consequently, there
list be enormous reserve stocks.
oblie Debt Can Be Paid Without
The public debt of the United
tes, on June 80, 1944, amounted to
,003,000,000, representing an in-
se of $64,307,000,000. during the
fot many years ago, the financial
of the country were busily
ming us that financial collapse
uld ensue if the debt of the nation
I reached 1100,000,000,000. No
Ilapse has ensued and the nation
htinues to spend money on a lavish
Je to prosecute its war effort.
Secretary of the Treasury Henry
jjrgenthau points out that expend!
tes for interest for the year ending
rt June will be less than two per
it of the anticipated gross national
duct for the same period. He ex
rins also that such a payment does
t decrease the amount of the gross
tioftal product : available for com
inption or capital expansion since
is collected from taxpayers and
id to holders of the debt who are
o taxpayers. , ,
There is much in the observation
the Secretary of the Treasury,
viously,') if the nation collects
00,000,000 in taxes from Its citi
' and immediately thereafter
j out $5,000,000,000 in interest to
citizens, the 1 total amount of
Joey available for private use has
$ been .'diminished by the transae
jru The money, of course, is trans
-red from ' the' I taxpayer to the
nd-holders and the effect of the
-p upon the national economy de
ids upon the use of the money bf
"e who receive it. '
EDENTON, NORTH CAROLINA
We Have the Shows
Friday, March 2
Joan Fontaine and
Arturo de Cordova in
Saturday, March 3
Smiley Burnette and
Sunset Carson in
"CODE OF THE PRAIRIE"
'Manhunt of Mystery Island' No. 7
Sunday, March 4--Double Feature
A Drama of the Pacific
"THE FIGHTING LADY"
Martha O'Driscoll and
Noah Beery, Jr., in
Monday-Tuesday, March 5-6
Rita Ilaj worth in
"TONIGHT AND EVERY
Latest March of Time
Wednesday, March 7
Tom Tyler, Rosemary Lane, Pinky
Tomlin, Slim Summerville, Hal
Mclntyre and Orchestra, Hoosier
Hot Shots and Riders of
Purple Sage in
"SING ME A SONG OF TEXAS"
"Black Arrow" No. 6
Thursday-Friday, March 8-9
Rosalind Russell and
Jack Carson in
MONTHLY INSTALLMENT LOANS
YOU CAN BORROW MONEY AT THIS BANK FOR
SEASONAL CROP PURPOSES ... OR FINANCING
THE PURCHASES OF
Automobiles - Electric Stoves
Electric Refrigerators - Taxes
Doctor's Bills - Hospital Bills
Vacation Trips and other items
We make Real Estate loans. Loans secured by collateral
and endorsement loans.
Before borrowing for any of the above purposes, consult
the officers of this bank.
We are glad to be of every service that conservative bank
ing will permit.
THE HERTFORD BANKING COMPANY
We have opened a sales stable at the old Blanchard
, location on the Town Lot in Hertford, and are now
ready to either trade or sell.
Ve Will Carry a Complete Stock of Good,
Well Broke Mules and Mares at AU Times
BE SURE AND SEE OUR STOCK BEFORE
YOU BUY OR TRADE!
k Member F. D. I. C. Hertford, N. C. I
- : f
rlWMEL! 00 THE 3
f&M V V KEVER SToP J
The Axis has reason to fear the Southern
Farmer. You are setting new records growing
foods that nourish fighting men and civilians
producing raw materials for the tools of Victory.
Americans realize the hard work you are doing
and the intelligence with which you are plan
ning. History will prove that you are worthy of the
highest decoration for devotion to duty.
SOUTHERN COTTOM Oil
Published in Recognition
of the Achievements of Southern Farmers
The SOUTHERN COTTON OIL CO.
HERTFORD, N. C.