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THE PERQUIMANS WEEKLY, HERTFORD, N. O, FRIDAY, JULY 27, 1MB.
Published every Friday by The
Perquimans Weekly, partner
ship consisting of Joseph G
Campbell and Max R. CampbeD, l
Hertford, N. C.
Entered as second class matte
November 16, 1984, at postoffk
at Hertford, North Carolina, un
der the Act of March, .1879.
Cards of thanks, obituaries,
resolutions of respect, eta, will be
cnarged for at regular advertising
Advertising rates famished by
FRIDAY, JULY 27, 1945.
Perauimans County had its first
highway fatality of the year marked
up last week, but it was only by
sheer good fortune that the first
traffic death was not recorded here
earlier when a young Negro child
was struck down while crossing a
street crowded with both cars and
Reams of paper have been used
writing articles about the safety on
highways and the prevention of ac
cidents, much of which was directed
at motorists. We think that this j
same stress should be turned toward
pedestrians, many of whom dash
across crowded streets without due
regards to their own safety and con
ditions of traffic while they attempt
to cross thoroughfares.
All of us at some time or other
make a habit of crossing a street at
any point along the block, but jay
walking, that is crossing at any
point other than street intersections,
is a dangerous business, and the time
taken in these crossings is danger
ous, not only to children, but to
adults as well.
Unfortunately, Hertford's main
street is a narrow one and it is a
very conjested one on Saturdays,
when residents of the surrounding
territory come here to trade. Extreme
caution should be observed, especial
ly by children who are prone to dart
out into the streets, most times with
out thought regarding possible traffic.
Adults should observe rules and
use care in crossing streets and
should caution their children to do
likewise. Many an accident can be
presented if a person will be observ
ant at the dangerous moment . .
just before they start to cross any
street or highway. The person driv
ing a car can do only so much, the
pedestrian should cooperate and help
the motorist aR much as possible in
preventing accidents by making sure
the street is safe before crossing.
Power For Peace
Bernard Baruch, native of South
Carolina, and often referred to as
an elder statesman, makes the ob
servation that the United States
must keep a big military weapon,
with compulsory training for its
youth, to show any incipient aggres
sor that "we're ready" to take them
The point made by Mr. Baruch is
that the power of the United States,
if untrained and not immediately
available, will not count in the scales
of future aggressors. If some new
regime arises, determined to seek
world domination, nothing would fa
cilitate its greedy ambition more
than the knowledge that the United
States is unprepared for immediate
If the people of the United States
intend to support the world organi
zation, formulated at San Francisco
and designed to make war unprofit
able to aggressors, it will be neces
sary for this country to have avail
able, at all times, for immediate use,
whatever quota of its armed strength
that is assigned to support internat
ional cooperation in the interest of
Along with all other shortages, it
would be too bad to have Americans
get really short-tempered about the
food situation. Aroused public opin
ion undoubtedly has been effective in
bringing about needed reform in some
Government policies. ' But with all
emphasis placed on shortcomings, ac-
complisnments are apt to be over
The charge is made that control
prices have not provided sufficient in
centives to industry and farmers to
bring about required production. Yet
the profits of most price-controlled
industries have risen steadily during
the war, and corporate earnings for
1943 and 1944 after taxes doubled
those of 1939. Also farm incomes
have enabled the nation's farmers to
reduce their mortgage debt to the
lowest point since 1916, whereas in
World War One the debt continued
As for food production itself, all
previous records have, been surpassed.
This year meat products alone will
exceed 22,600,000,000 pounds, an in
crease of 38 per cent over the 1935-89
North Okraima vX
loo;(ii;g at uasiii;;gto;i
By HUGO S. SIMS, Washington Correspondent
Funds For Veterans And Tenants
To Purchase Farms
For the next twelve months the
Farm Security Administration will
have $25,000,000 earmarked for farm
purchase loans to veterans of World
The loans are made under the
Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act
of 1937 and are repayable over a
forty-year period. They carry three
per cent interest and can cover the
full purchase price but care is taken
only to finance the purchase of farms
that can be bought at earning-cap-acity
The funds are alloted on the basis
of farm population and the preval
ence of tenancy. Because of this
basis of distribution the share of the
states varies considerably, from $3,'
592 for Rhode Island, to $2,138,058
Nine other states, all in the South,
get more than $1,000,000. They m
elude Mississippi, $1,881,246; Georg
ia, $1,663,858; Alabama, $1,597,974;
North Carolina. $1,490,403; Arkan
sas, $1,200,368; and four other states
which barely exceed the $1,000,000
total, South Carolina, Tennessee,
Louisiana and Oklahoma.
The appropriation, is expected to
provide for the financing of 4,166
farm purchases. It indicates a par
tial realization of the farm tenancy
problem and the necessity of pro
viding adequate credit to promote
farm ownership. Already, the pro-1
gram has enabled 38,000 families to
purchase and own their farms, in
cluding 2,258 veterans of the First
and Second World Wars.
Senate Seems Anxious To Approve
The approval of the United Na
tions Charter by the Senate of the
United States is now assumed. The
probability is that only a few sen
ators will vote against it.
President Truman stated the issue
very well when he told the Senators
that it is "only a first step to a last
ing peace" and that it will "be ex
panded and improved as time goes
There is no use for proponents of
the United Nations' organization to
pretend that the ratification of the
charter by the necessary number of
nations will solve all international
problems. Much depends upon the
good faith of the nations concerned
and the effort that statesmen exert
to use the organization for the wel
fare of the world.
Certainly, the United States should
not hesitate to join hands with other
nations in the effort to preserve the
future peace of the world and to pro
vidian avenue for corrective action,
designed to ameliorate improper
conditions that affect the relation
ship between nations and peoples.
In consideration of the problems
that confront the world in connection
with the maintenance of peace, let
us all remember that the only way
to avert future conflicts is to work
assiduously for the improvement of
conditions for all peoples.
In the process it may be necessary
for the more fortunate nations to
spend some money
but this will be
small in comparison with the huge
sums that will be spent, inevitably,
if war occurs again. In fact, the
price of peace is cheap insurance
against the costs and destruction of
Truman Did Not Inherit Bitter
Antagonism To FDR
The accidental accession of Presi
dent Truman has produced one of the
most interesting situations in the
history of American politics.
Mr. Truman's policies, so far as!
they have been revealed, and accord
ing to his public pronouncements, are
essentially the same policies advocat
ed and espoused by the late President
Roosevelt. Despite this, the new
Chief Executive is enjoying a pro
longed honeymoon, with few attacks
upon Him, his appointees or his ac
tivities. average. However, nearly one-fourth
of the meat, plus one-fifth of the but
ter and sugar supply, has been going
to the armed forces, which constitute
only about one-tenth of the popula
tion. Under the circumstances, a
shortage was inevitable. You can't
fight two wars all around the world
and fulfill a moral obligation to help
revive European countries denuded by
the enemy of live and other food
stocks, without sacrifices on the
With all this, the American people
are still one of the best fed, if not
the best fed, in the world. And they
share with the British Commonwealth
the advantage of effective inflation
controls when rising costs have
reached phenomenal heights in most
There is no question that food dis
tribution and co-ordination have been
faulty. However, improvement should
be forthcoming with the recent
changes made by OPA, the temporary
adjustment in Army purchases, and
the broad powers to be given to Clin
ton P. Anderson as Secretary of Ag
riculture and War Food Administra
It remains for the public to dp a
little, cleaning up on its own hook,
and turn its displeasure on black
market operations, which account in
large measure for the "acute" short
ages, and which could not exist with
out public p support. Christian , Sci-1
ence Monitor. ? i
The truth of the matter is that
Franklin D. Roosevelt, in effectuat
ing some of the reforms which saved
the nation in the early Thirties, had
to fight vigorously against indivi
duals and corporations enjoying spe
cial privileges which he " abolished.
This process of stepping on toes, and
stepping hard, made him many bitter
personal enemies, but it was the only
method by which the leader of the
New Deal could get positive results.
As a result of the tempestuous
period, covering the first two terms
of President Roosevelt, there were
millions of Americans who cordially
detested him and were prepared, re
gardless of what he did, to espouse
the opposite side. The oligarchy of
business, finance and industry met its
master and recognized the fact, but
individuals, accustomed to exploiting
power and wealth, vented the full
fury of personal disappointment upon
the men in the White House.
The death of President Roosevelt
did not remove this bitterness, which
was directed to the man rather than
his position. Consequently, when Mr.
Truman became President, he as
sumed the powers of the office with
out inheriting the hatred and bitter
ness that was felt and often ex
pressed against his predecessor.
Army Reveals Execution Of 102
Of the 4,182,261 American soldiers
under General Eisenhower's command
in Europe, only 10,289 were tried,
convicted and sentenced by general
courtsmartial, according to Under
Secretary of War Robert C. Patter
son. The same official reveals that 33,-
519 soldiers are now in confinement
in the United States or overseas.
These figures do not include lighter
violations of regulations, but they
represent the total of serious derelic
tions by the 10,000,000 men who have
entered the Army since the adoption
of the Selective Service Act. There
is reason in Mr. Patterson's comment
that "the manner in which the sol
diers have conducted themselves has
reflected the highest credit on the
A total of 102 soldiers were exe
cuted during the war, but only one
was put to death for a purely mili
tary offense. He was convicted twice
of deserting under fire.- In addition,
47 men were executed for murder, 43
for assault and eleven for both mur
der and criminal assault. Two hund
red death sentences were commuted
to life imprisonment or lesser terms.
Attention is directed to the
Army's rehabilitation program, which
resulted in the restoration to service
of some of the convicted soldiers.
Others, it appears, made no effort
at rehabilitation. Sentences and pun
ishment, as a rule, have been based
on the theory that the serving of a
sentence should not be an attraction
for men who want to avoid combat.
Truman's Appointments Shift
President Truman is gradually
forming his own circle of officials in
Washington and, without disparaging
the office holders under former Presi-
dent Roosevelt, it is entirely proper
for Mr. Truman to have the benefit of
advisers of his own choice.
It is to be noted that in the new
Chief Executive the nation gets a
President who lives west of the Mis
sissippi and that, in filling his offices,
Mr. Truman shows a tendency to se
lect men from areas other than the
northeastern states which are already
largely represented in high places.
New cabinet appointments include
residents of .Texas, New Mexico.
Washington, South Carolina, Missouri
ana Kentucky. They replace resi
dents of Pennsylvania, Indiana, New
York and Tennessee.
The other cabinet jobs are held by
three residents of New York, one
from Illinois and one from Iowa.
Just for fun, the reader can test
his information by attempting to
name the individuals referred to in
I me aoove article, rne chances are
that very few people now know the
names of the ten cabinet members of
Byrnes States Essential Of Future
11FLTI .11 1 .
wniie'tnere nave appeared many
laudatory articles in reference to See
retary of State James F. Byrnes and
there has been an unusual unanimity
of approval throughout the nation on
his appointment, we have not seen"
much comment on the formal state
ment that the new Secretary issued
upon assuming office.
Aiier saying, "mere can be no
doubt that the peoples of this war
ravaged earth want to live in a free
and peaceful world," Mr. Byrnes
pointed out that the supreme task of
statesmanship, the world over, "is to
help them understand that they can
have peace -and freedom only if they
tolerate and respect the rights of
others to opinions, feelings rfnd ways
of life which they do not and cannot
This is an important truth that
must be recognized 'and expressed by
millions 01 men and women through
out the world if we are to enjoy the
peace and freedom that the world
now seeks?! The statement of "2 Mr,
Byrnes' applies, not only to majori
ties that' attempt to coerce minorities.
but also to the minorities that do not
hesitate a 'use force to compel ma
jorities to accept their demands; or
suffer -the Injuries that might come
from disorder, distrust . and disunion.
Bonds AWeighBy Sparling
SOIL CONSERVATION NOTES
According to a semi-annual re
port, the Albemarle Soil Conservation
District completed 31 farm 'conser
vation plans in Perquimans C'.dnty
for the period January 1, 1945, to
June 30, 1945. 'This makes a total
of 93 farm conservation plans cov
ering 10,502 acres completed in Per
quimans County since the Work Unit
Office was established here in Feb
ruary 1, 1944. During the spring of
1945 soil samples were taken for fer
tilizer recommendations on 21 farms
on which no conservation plans were
written. These farms total approxi
mately 2,000 acres.
The worst problem encountered
in this county is the large amount of
land needing better drainage. There
arc a great number of lead and tap
ditches that need cutting out. There
is also much good land left idle along
field ditches that could be producing
crops if the ditch banks .were spread
or ditches converted to sloped ditches.
Topographical surveys have been
made on several farms by the Soil
Conservation District t6 determine
the best way or method of improving
the drainage on that particular farm.
Quite a few farmers have begun
to establish the. one or more conser
vation practices that were agreed
upon in their conservation plan such
1. Cutting out lead ditches
2. Sloping tap ditches
3. Seeding permanent pasture for
4. Seeding temporary pasture for
5. Use of summer and winter cover
crops for soil improvement
6. Seeding of wildlife borders on
unproductive land next to woods
7. Fertilizing crops according to
recommendations based on soil analy
sis The services of the Albemarle
Soil Conservation District are avail
able to any farmer who desires any
assistance on any conservation prob
lem. Revival Scheduled
At Anderson Church
Revival services at the Anderson
Methodist Church are scheduled for
the second week in August, the Rev.
A. L. Stevenson, pastor of the church,
announced today. The Rev. B. C.
Reavis will be the guest minister for
the series of services, which will he
held each night during the week and
each afternoon from Wednesday
through Friday. '
A Children's Day program was
conducted at the church last Sunday,
concluding the church's vacation
Bible School, during which certifi
cates were presented for perfect at
tendance. There were 78 : scholars
enrolled and the average attendance
was 62. Forty-four had perfect at
The Secretary of State pointed out
that centuries : ago , "devout men
thought' that they had. to fight with
one another to preserve their differ
ent religious beliefs," but that.) "we
have learned through long and bitter
experience that the only way . to pro
tect our religious beliefs is to respect
and iff recognise" thq rights of others
to their religious beliefs." ' ,
Ciialj?, United States and
the rest of the world would be im
proved if all people -would attempt
sincerely to "tolerate and respect the
rights of others t opinions, feelings
and Ways of; life which they do not
and cannot share." ' J ' k ' ; ' "
Mr.' and Mrs. Henry Simpson, of
Norfolk, Va., were Sunday guests of
Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Perry.
Mr. and ' Mrs. Clyde Phillips and
daughter visited relatives here last
Little Vivian Lee Miller is visiting
her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. W.
Miss Roselyn Winslow, of Nor
folk, Va,, spent the week-end with
her mother, Mrs. J. P. Ward, and
Miss Pat Phillips is visiting rela
tives in Carey, N. C.
Mrs. Kramer Williams and chil
dren are visiting her parents, Mr.
and Mrs. Joe Harris, at Englehard.
Miss Marjorie Phillips has returned
home after visiting her brother,
Chief 'Sp. Thomas Phillips, and Mrs.
Mrs. Hattie Farmer, Mrs. David
Ward and son visited relatives at
Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Phillips and
daughter, Linda Claire, of Westfield,
Mass., have moved to Edenton, where
Mr. Phillips is manager of the Leary
Misses Mavis, Marian and Marga
ret Stallfngs, of Camden, are visit
ing Mr. and Mrs. Vashti White.
Dewey Perry, Jr., V. S. M. S., was
the guest of his parents, Mr. and
Mrs. W. D. Perry, Sunday.
Chief Sp. and Mrs. Thomas Phil
lips and children, Sandy and Chas.,
of Norfolk, Va., were the guests of
his , parents, Mr. and . Mrs. C, T.
Mr. and Mrs. Joe White and chil
dren, Marian and Joseph; Mr. and
Mrs. W. P. Davis and children,
Whichard Bettie and Percy, were
guests of relatives in Norfolk, Va.,
Sunday. , j
Mr. and Mrs. Ennis Phillips and
sons, Trafton and Johnny, spent the
week-end in Norfolk, Va., visiting
Mrs. Sallie Sutton is visiting Mrs.
Mrs. David Ward is a patient in
the hospital at Windsor, having been
admitted Tuesday for treatment
Earl Williams spent the week-end
in South Carolina.
Arthur Jordan is, a patient in the
Albemarle Hospital, Elizabeth City.
Mr. anJ Mrs. Vashti White, Mrs.
J. W. Catling and June Faye White
visited Mrs". Arthur Jordan Tuesday
night:' : ., '.. ' i;;,?!
Mr. and Mrs. Joe White and chit
dren and Mrs. Tempie ,, Tarkentofl
visited Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Goodwin
of near Edenton Tuesday night ,
. Sgt. Edwin Goodwin, TJS. A., re
cently returned from overseas, paid
a brief visit to. Ir; and Mrs. Joe
Joe White Tuesday.
Mrs. Sallie Sutton' fromv Edenton is
visiting Mr. arid Mrs. Ernest Good-
of this Clean)
The Chrisiian Science Monttos
i from crime and wnisttooat
. . Fre from "fosdsl Internf control .l. Free to tell yon
the tram about world events. In
eoodents bring you otHhospoT
d your family. lsd iuue filled
IWftiWM Mum rala SmMt';
Una Stmt. Ma K Mtm.
y .--.rNi.vl -Sflral.,,ttfil.Mt.tiaMv r'l'
With . Perquimans
Hoys In Service -
Idear. Max; .
- I received a copy of the Perqui",
mans Weekly whicn you have been
sending me and you, can't realize how
much enjoyment I got. out of read
ing m hometown news, i It takes
long time for the paper to reachus
out here, but I think I am speaking
for all the fellows that we still Jike
to read the news anyway. You and
all the folks back home are doing a
wonderful job, just keep up the good
work. I want to thank you and the
bank for sending me the paper of
what I think the best county in N. -C,
and here's hoping all the fellows,
and myself will come home soon.
Vernon L. Perry, S 1-c
I don't hardly know how to thank
you for the papers you have been
sending me. I liked it very much
when I was back at home, but I
never knew it would become so much
more important. I think Perquimans
County has backed us up over here
just as if it was just by our sides at
all times. I read in The Perquimans
Weekly of the huge amount of bonds
that are being bought . . . that is a
large weapon against the enemy. I
have been from the beach head of
France, since D-Day, through Ger
many, and I have five campaign
stars and recently I received the good
conduct medal, so you can see by the
encouraging reading of the paper
keeps us on the ball.
T-5 George D. Overton
RECORDER'S COURT HAS
HEAVY DOCKET TUESDAY
(Continued from Page One;
costs of court, after pleading guilty
to a charge of assault.
Bill Brothers, Negro, was ordered
to pay the costs of court, after
pleading .guilty to a charge of fraud.
Steward White paid the costs of
court for driving with insufficient
Wendell Nixon was ordered to pay
costs of court on a charge of being
drunk and disorderly.
John Carraway, Negro, was fined
$10 and costs for speeding.
War Effort Demands
Waste Fat Salvage
The farm women of North Caro
lina have made excellent records in
the salvaging of waste fats for the ,
war effort, and they will need to
continue their patriotic efforts in .
this direction until the war against
Japan is concluded, according to Mrs.
Estelle T. Smith, assistant State
home demonstration agent of the
State College Extension Service.
According to the reports for May,
89,950 pounds of fat were salvaged
in North Carolina, but there was a
drop in collections for June, Mrs.
Smith said. She pointed out that
V-E Day did not end the critical
shortages and that housewives should
guard against the waste of any fats
until the nefed for such materials
The index showing that more fat
is being salvaged by the rural wom
en than by the town women is not
surprising- in view of the meat short
age in the towns, Mrs. Smith ex
plained. Rural women in some areas of the
State are collecting the waste fats
cooperatively through their commun
ity chairman and are deposing of
the material accordingly, Mrs. Smith
stated. In many instances, these
women are using the funds from the
sale of the waste fats for community
projects which enhance the farm life.
Mrs. Smith suggests that women
in other communities could render a
patriotic service to their government
by collecting the fats and could or
ganize their efforts, pool the money
made in the sales, and devote the use
of the funds to community improve
ments. win. , '
' Mrs. Evie Weston and children,
Evelyn, Tom, Nora and Mrs. Blake
more Weston from Norfolk spent the
Mr. and "Mrs. Johnnie Broughton,
Sr. f rom Hertford, Mr. and Mrs. Joe
Miller, Mrs. Williams from Nixonton,
; Mr, and Mrs. Leroy Goodwin and son,
Leroy, Jr., visited Mr. and Mrs. Ern-
.est Goodwin Sunday afternoon. -
r Miss Pattie Nora Phillips is visit-,
big her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs.
jC. j. Holloman at Cary, N. C.
' .Mrs. Leroy Goodwin and son, . Le
roy, Jr.r spent Thursday with Mrs.
Clifton Morgan at Winf all. , -,
Mrs. Ernest Goodwin, Miss Blanche.
Goodwin and Mrs Sallie Sutton spent
Tuesday with Mrs. Johnnie Brough
ton in Hertford. s .'
am .Tree torn political ,-
own world-wide tout of corn-,
aewi and its meaning to yo
with unique self-help feature
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