ADAPTABLE TO ASSISTING
WORLD v u
Methods developed by tHe Institute
, . . of Inter-American Affairs,' a unit of
. the State Department, seem adapt.
, able to the effort to assist peoples of
- " the world to improve their condition.
. I he Institute now administers twen-
ty-five programs in sixteen countries,
' although its appropriations have been
- reduced from a war-time peak of $16,
' 000,000 to $6,000,000 a year. Recently,
' an authorization extended its life for
five years with ' authority to spend
$7,000,000 a year.
, The technicians and. experts who
serve on the programs now underway
' are in dose contact with the admin
' istration of the country in which Uiey
' do their work. In only two small
vuiuabiucM uvea iue umtcu omwo ytj
as muh as half of .th funds used on
" ' a joint project In health projects in
Brazil and Venezuela, the other coun
tries contribute as much as $20 to
' our $1. It is noted that when funds
from this country for assistance in
the fields of health, education and
- 'food protection were reduced, after
thn war. the cooDeratinir countries
' p stepped up their contributions,
.'w Outstanding examples of succass
, "- fuls projects include the health pro
gram in Guatemala an dbhe agriul-
tural nroeram In Paraguay. Only
four ountries are now without pro
jects Argentina, Cuba, the-Domini-
' can Republic and Nicaraugua. The
latter two are included in the fourteen
requests for new projects but Argen-
- tina and Cuba have not asked for any
i WHY NOT STRESS
: . RELIGIOUS FREEDOM?
' In his address to Congress, in Janu-
, ary, we laie rresiii, cuu-
- lin D. Roosevelt enunciated the state.
menx ox policy wmon uaa oecn uiuwu
as "The Four Freedoms." In it, the
1 - President called for."(l) Freedom of
'"'speech and expression; (2) Freedom
' of every person to worship God in
his own way; (3) Freedom from want;
- and (4) Freedom from fear."
' . Without going into explanation of
," these freedoms, we are interested in
the concern which the United States,
as a nation, has taken in these ob
jectives, with the notable exception of
-' item No. 2. There is much taflk, for
' example, of attempting to solve- item
t. No. 3 by the Point Four program of
President Truman and everybody
gives lip service to Point 1. The "free-
, dom froim fear" includes talk- about
S. disarmament artn tne safety oi peo
ples everywhere from aggression.
In the discussion of what this na
tion is prepared to do for the rest
ei ine woria, especially m regara iu
- the expenditure of funds it is empha
sized and re-emphasized that these
,i : i .I. i i j
nations snouia aeveiop proper aemo
- cratic processes. Upon no occasion
have we seen a statement from the
. (President of the United States, in
" connection with any foreign aid pro
posal, that the United States takes an
equally firm stand for
the "freedom of every person to wor-
, ship God in his own way everywhere
in the world."
The matter comes to mind in con
nection with a report of religious
persecution in Colombia, made Jby
Daniel W. Pattison, an official of the
" Presbyterian Church in the United-
--, States of America, who recently re
. turned from an inspection of Presby
terian properties in South America.
- He protests the present regime or
' persecution, citing the following in
cidents: " In the environs of Cali, ten thurch
3 es .have been burned, several pastors
' jailed, a . missionary assaulted by po.
and a wedding broken up by police,
J ' who arrested the clergyman and at
tflked participants. In Marchy he re
ports "the last outpost" of Luther
anism in the Department ofvBoyoaca
, w as . burned to the ground. "These
i jt',-.i-'.i ! -i - l r n-A
Vi uui oi peraecuuvii, uwutreu inr, rat-
times." ;He says that sworn state.
ments can be obtained from those who
ThA PreflhvtArian mffuinl aarra Mio
the religious persecution fs "occur
rinir in thn rural areas and is t. Mia
hands of the national police or mayors
of the smaller towne." The mavwM
lare appointees of the President and,
in turn appoint tne ponce. They us
ually represent the reactionary po
litical party which identifies itself
with .the Roman Catholic Church, but
Mr. Pattison says that "better equ
ated and responsible Catholics" de
plore the acts of violence.
We call attention to th.es retm-nta
and discuss the general idea, of free
dom of religious worship because the
united states is spending and about
to spend billions of dollars for the
purpose of creating a world in which
individuals can be free. If thin ,he
the purpose of the nation, it is es
sential that freedom be embraced, in
full and without reservations and that
the prestige and finance of this coun.
try be used in accordance with the
ideals and principles of those who be
lieve in 'all forms of human freedom.
TO ESTABLISH Ifr'S..
WORLD POLICIES , '
The foreisrn nolicv f toie TTniteH
States has been, by constitutional pro
vision and by custom, almost exclus
ively m the nands of tne Onief Execu
tive, who is, and has been, in a nosi-
tion to comimit the United States upon
grave issues without consultation with
sny other elective representlative of
During the stress and strain of the
years lmniediatelv tirecediintr World
War, II the late President Roosevelt,
in an effort to secude bi-martisan sun.
port of his policy to aid the nations
against Hitlers aggression, installed
in ni3 cabinet two prominent mem
bers of the Republican Party. Sub
sequently, the bi-partisan approach
to international affairs has been much
stressed by the consistent collabora
tion of Senator Arthur H. Vanden-
berg, of Michigan. His recent illness
probably helped bring about a weak
ening of this rapproehemen which cul
minated in the attack of Senator Mc
Carthy upon the State Department.
it nas always been recosrmzed that
the United States, as the world's mostJ
powerful Jiataon. should develon a con
sistent policy in foreign affairs. If
the relations of this country to one
nation depended upon the outcome of
the elertdons, it would be impossible
to formulate anything like a perma
nent program in connection with in-
Telephone Calls are
like Pearls to Her
Hearing about a wedding
learning pf a new baby in the
family listening to a child
speaking his first words prec
ious moments these. The mes
senger for these memory-making
events is the telephone.
These occasions increase the
value of your telephone to you,
and we are happy that our serv
ice makes them possible.
THE NORFOLK & CAROLINA
Elizabeth City - Edenton - Manteo
While -Congress has little constitu
tional power in regard to diplomatir
matters, even though the Senate has
to ratify treaties the . House holds
the purse strings. In recent years our
policy has depended largely upon the
willingness of Congress to provide the
money to implement our program
abroad. This gave to the House some
thing like a veto power over foreign
affairs and coupled with the Senate's
ratification powers, tended to compel
the Chief Executive to seek the full
support of Congress before launching
any positive foreign program. This
condition of affairs is likely to exist
for many years and, consequently, the
necessity for closer cooperation, be
tween the Executive and the Legisla
ture is recognized. Members of Con.
gress have repeatedly voiced the ob
jection that the President keeps them
in the dark, coming to them only to
ask ratification of what has already
been accomplished or agreed to.
Obviously, it would be much better
if the Congress, through proper chan
nels, is informed of the ramifications
and difficulties of our complete for
eign policy. This would enable mem
bers to exercise some voice i nthe for
mulation of the policies they will be
required to support by legislative action.
'benator Tom ConnaHy, of Texas,
(Continued on Page Two)
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Driving a ear without a license is like operating a
business without a license strictly illegal.
To get a license to drive you must show that you
know the safety rules of the road . . . and must have a
satisfactory driving record free from arrests for serious
And, by the same token, to obtain a license in the
beer industry a retailer must meet a number of strict
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unruliness or sells to minors, he is violating the law.
And bis license is revoked accordingly.
. forking with other police officers, the Malt Ber
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the law. The beer industry is ia hearty accord with this
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r North Carolina Division
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Hertford Building & Loan Association
A. W. HEFREN, -President
MAX CAMPBELL, Secretary
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PHONE 3461 - . , HERTFORD, N. C.