THE ALLEGHANY TIMES DEVOTED TO THE CIVIC, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF ALLEGHANY AND BORDERING COUNTIES VOL. 9. SPARTA, ALLEGHANY COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, JULY 6, 1933. No. 8. OUTSTANDING NEWS EVENTS —OF THE PAST WEEK At a meeting last week the State Board of Agriculture decided to hold a State fair this fall if a suitable lease for the privilege can be arrang- j ed. William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, pro posed a jjiinimum wage scale of $14 a week for the South and $16 a week for the North. At the same time child labor has been outlawed from the mills. Primo Camera, Italian boxer, knoc ked out Jack Sharkey in the sixth round of scheduled 15-round bout and thus became the world’s heavy weight champion, boxer. State Senator Angus Dhu McLean, of Washington, N. C., champion of public school education in North Car olina, has accepted an appointment as Assistant Solicitor General of the United States. iNorin uaroiina s cnree per cent tax upon the sale of all merchandise by retail merchants, the highest in the United States, became effective Saturday, July 1. The following arti cles are exempt from the sales tax: flour, meal, meat, lard, fresh milk, molasses, sugar, salt, coffee, gasoline, and commercial fertilizer. Dr. William E. Dodd, United States Ambassador to Germany, paid short visits to his old home in Wake and Johnston counties Saturday. Col. Roscoe Turner, veteran racing pilot of Hollywood, set a new trans continental speed record when he won the cross-country dash of the National Air Races Saturday. His time from New York to Los Angeles was 11 hours, 30 minutes. Jimmy Wedell, of New Orleans, came in thirty minutes behind Turner. The Italian air Armada of 24 planes, under the command of Gen eral Italo Balbo, landed in London derry, Northern Ireland Sunday. They expect to fly across the Atlantic on a good-will mission to the Century of Progress exposition in Chicago, A freak storm of less than 17 min utes durion, sweeping into Chicago from the Great Lakes, wrought dam age estimated at $1,000,000 and caus ed injury to more than a score of persons Sunday. Forty cottages were wrecked and 50 more unroofed in a 57-mile an hour wind. The North Carolina cotton acreage reduction campaign is far behind its goal with only 19,333 acres pledged against the goal of 363,000 acres, ac cording to statement of Dean I. O. Schaub, of N. C, State College. The campaign started June 26 and is to end July 8. However, Dean Schaub is confident that the state will pledge it’s full quota by Saturday. Local Concerns Deliver Many New Cars The automobile business seems to be picking up. Recent deliveries of Chevrolets by Castevens Motor Com pany are as follows: Miss Ethel Mox ley, High Point, a coupe; C. C. Cas tevens, Sparta, a sedan; W. R. Mc Neil and Fender Bros., of Laurel Springs, trucks. Alleghany Motor Sales has deliv ered Fords to the following people: Dr. T. R. Burgiss, sedan; R. G. Hop pers, Laurel Springs, coupe; Gene Carpenter, Sparta, pick-up; Walter Weaver, Roaring Gap, pick-up. Vacancies Announced By The Marines A limited number of applicants will be selected for enlistment in the Uni ted States Marine Corps at the Re cruiting Office, Post Office Building, Savannah, Ga., during the month of July, -The Marine Corps maintains high standards of educational and physical qualifications of those who are selec ted for enlistment. Only young men of good moral character are accepted for enlistment whose educational qualifications are equivalent to those of a graduate of a high school. Many Marines are'selected for sea dlity on board battleships and crui «|rs and are given splendid opportu nity for travel. During an enlistment' . ■ one will travel thousands of miles A;' and will visit many strange and in vesting lands. Application blanks will be mailed high school graduates upon request. mm * * VETERANS NOTICE! * * War veterans interested in Emer- * , * gency conservation work, coinmu- * * cate with C. A. Miles, assistant * * director of relief, Sparta, N. C., * , * at once. SPARTA LOSES FOURTH OF JULY GAME HERE Scottville Wins By 4-Point Margin. Sparta lost an exciting game to Scottsville Tuesday by a score of 14 to 10. The box score follows: .6 6 6 Scottsville, pos. Jones, ss... Gambill, If. Shepperd, W., 2b... McMillian, K., c. McMillian, E., lb.5 Shepperd, G., 3b. ... Black, rf. Cox, cf... Absher, p......... Perkiifs x . Totals, ...... Sparta:— Joines, lb. 5 Reeves, L. cf.5 Perry, ss..3 Edwards, c.. 5 Moxley, 3b.4 1 Nichols, 2b.5 0 AB. R. H. Po. .6 10 3 2 11 2 13 0 0 4 2 1 11 1 4 1 1 ...5 .5 .3 .5 .1 0 0 0 .48 14 11 27 1 4 0 2 1 0 0 3 1 4 Gentry, rf. ...3 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 Bledsoe, If.4 1 Reeves, p.:.. .2 1 Wyatt, p. .. 2 0 Atwood, x . —1 0 0 0 Totals, . 39 10 12 27 Next Saturday afternoon on the local field in Sparta, Grassy Creek will play Sparta. Game called for 3:00 o’clock. SCOTTVILLE DEFEATS GRASSY CREEK McMillan Stars For Scottville The League leaders in the Tri County League added another vic tory to their number last Saturday, when they took Grassy Creek in camp for an 8 to 5 beating. McMillan, hurling ace from Scott ville, went the full round, allowing only 7 scattered hits, while his team mates collected 13 off of Gambill. Batteries for the day for Scottville were: McMillan, and McMillan; Grassy Creek, Gambill, Spencer, Cof fev. The box score is as follows: Scottville, pos. Gambill, cf. . Shepherd, G. 3b. McMillan, K., c. Shepherd, W., 2b. McMillan, E., p. Black, If. Jones, ss. Perkins, lb... Atwood, rf. Grassy Creek:— Young, C., If.. Blevins, 3b. Coffey, ss. Spencer, G., c. Spencer, B., lb. .. Greybeal, W., cf. Seygraves, 2b. ......... Greybeal, H., rf. . Gambill, p. AB. .6 ..5 ...4 ......5 ...5 .4 .5 .5 .4 .4 .4 .4 ...A ......4 .....4 .. ,-4 ..4 ...4 H. R. 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 3 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 2 1 3 0 1 0 0 0 College Holstein Breaks State Fat Record The registered Holstein cow, North Carolina State Echo Artis, bread and owned by the College of Agriculture at Raleigh, N. C., has broken the State butterfat record in the senior 2-year-old yearly class B division. Her yield as officially reported by the Holstein-Friesian Association of America is 565.6 pounds fat and 17, 872.8 pounds milk. The College kept close account of the feed consumed and value of her product and report ed that she ate 5,331 pounds of grain consisting of a mixture of 400 pounds corn, 300 pounds cotton seed meal, 200 pounds wheat bran and 100 pounds oats. Total cost of her feed was $131.60 and the value of product sold was $639.09, which leaves a pro fit above feed cost of $507.49. Mrs. J. H. Doughton left last 1 Thursday, going by plane from Greensboro to Philadelphia, where she was called to the bedside of her sister who is slightly improved since that time. * * * * * * * * * * * * For the next thirty days Mr. * i * Coy E. Mabe of The Times will * * solicit subscriptions in various * * communities. We will appreciate * * your giving him your subscription * * when he calls. We appreciate the * , * patronage of those who have al- * * ready subscribed. * * * ********* FORMER CHAIRMAN OF BOARD OF EDUCATION RETIRES M. A. Higgins Served Board 21 Years. In a recent issue of The Times the Board of Education recorded an ex pression of appreciation for the ser vices rendered by Mr. M. A. Higgins, who has recently retired from the Board after many years of service. He first became a member of the Board of Education in 1903, at which time Prof. E. H. Wagoner, of White head, was superintendent of schools. He served as chairman for the ensu ing three years and retired from the board in 1906. In 1915 he became a member of the Board for the second time, was elec ted chairman of the board, and has served continuously as chairman of the Board until his present retire ment. In his many years of service he made annual settlements with ev ery county treasurer except one since 1903, and served with every county superintendent of schools except one since the same date. Much progress in educational work in Alleghany has been recorded since 1903. When Prof. E. S. Wagoner first became county superintendent of schools four years prior to this date, there was not in Alleghany County a single patent school desk and no blackboards, except pieces of painted plank in two or three schools. There was not a single schoolhouse in the county at that time with as many as four classrooms, and at least half of the present school districts had no schoolhouses at all. To Prof. WaT Ejoner must go the credit for the first progressive public school movement ever undertaken in Alleghany Coun ty, and to Prof. S. W. Brown, for the establishment of one of the best pri vate schools at Sparta, which the western part of the State has ever had. LOCAL FUNDS MUST PAY FOR HOSPITAL BILLS New Rule Effective June 30. Acting director Ronald B. Wilson af the Governor’s Office of Relief, Ftaleigh, has issued the following memorandum on hospitalization to be paid out of Relief funds: After June 30, 1933, payment ?rom Federal emergency relief funds )f hospital charges for relief cases will not be authorized. You are there fore directed to arrange for such pay ments as may be necessary through 3ther channels. The National Federal Emergency Relief Director, Mr. Harry L. Hop tins, is establishing this as a nation il policy, aplicable to all states. The position is taken that support of in stitutions is a normal responsibility jf local communities, which must be met by local funds. Within the present month arrange ments should be made to care for lospital expenses of patients now Hospitalized from local funds for such time as may be necessary after June 30. No new patients should be idmitted after that date except as a responsible charge against funds of (1) the county, (2) the municipality, or (3) a responsible private agency or individual. These instructions ap ply also to the care of tuberculosis patients now being maintained at either the State Sanatorium or at county sanatorium. Please note that work relief lab orers are covered by insurance igainst injuries incurred while at jvork, and that included in insurance coverage is necessary-medical and Hospital care, subject to awards of Lhe State Industrial Commission in iccordance with provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Act. Hospitals of the State are being, notified direct with regard to policy ibove outlined. Very truly yours, RONALD B. WIIjSON, Acting Director of Relief. LOCAL MAN SUSTAINS INJURIES IN FALL Martin Honaker, carpenter fore man for the Fowler-Jones Lumber Company, fell from the joists in the balcony of the courthouse Saturday morning and sustained deep cuts in the leg and forehead and severe bruises of the body. No one saw him fall. When he was discovered some time later, he was unconscious. He was carried to the office of Dr. Doughton who dressed his wounds. Later he was carried to his home, where he is reported to be improving nicely. Communion Services Sunday The communion meeting at Plea sant Home Church will be held on the third Saturday and Sunday in July. Everybody is cordially invited. SPARTA WINS IN TEN-INNING GAME Four Home Runs Feature Game. Sparta won over Laurel Springs Saturday in a hard fought ten inning ball game, by a score of 11 to 10. *Edwards, Perry, and Nichols led the hitting for Sparta, each getting a home run. Thompson hit a homer for the visitors. The box score and summary is as follows: Laurel Springs pos. Ab. R. H. PO. Osborne, 3b.4 W 2 2 Tucker, J., rf. . .5 110 Thompson, lb. . 4 1 1 14 Bare, 2b. 5 2 3 2 Cox, c.. .4 12 9 Moxley, cf.. .5 111 Miller, ss. ..,...5 110 Tucker, T., rf..5 111 Pruitt, p. 3 110 Sheets, p.2 0 0 0 Farrington, ss. 1 0 0 0 Totals, . . .43 10 13 29 Sparta: LOCAL MERCHANTS DIS APPROVE SALES TAX Joines, W., lb. Reeves, L., cf. Edwards, c. ... Perry, ss. Sanders, If. ... Gentry, 3b. Nichols, 2b. Bledsoe, rf. Reeves, p. Joines, E., rf. Hines, ..... 5 1 1 15 5 3 2 0 5 2 4 6 5 13 1 4 0 0 1 5 0 0 1 5 2 3 5 .3 0 0 1 3 2 10 2 0 10 10 0 0 Totals, 43 11 15 30 Adopt Schedule for Collet.* ing Taxes. Considerable dissatisfaction with the sales tax was expressed at a meeting of merchants from Sparta and other sections of the county in the Dalton Warren Store Friday night. The meeting was called for the purpose of deciding which schedule to use in making collections of the tax from the customer. The group seemed to be unanimous in its decision to inform each pur chaser that he was paying a tax over and above the purchase price of the goods. This method, according to statements by members of the group, is the best way to sway public opin ion against a retail tax and even tually bring about its repeal from the statutes of the State. Those pre sent were united in their opposition to such a method of taxation, and several said that they would do all in their power to bring about con certed action for repeal of the law in the next General Assembly. Before adjourning, the group adop ted schedule No. 2, which has the fol lowing rates: lc to 17c—no tax. 18c to 35c—collect lc. 36c to 66c—collect 2c. 67c to $1—collect 3c. On sales above one dollar a straight three per cent will be colected. Stores represented were as follows: B. & T. Drug Co., Smithey’s Cash and Carry, Jay Hardin, Dalton War ren, Ray’s Lunch, Alleghany Motor Sales, Castevens Motor Co., Reeves’ Variety Store, Meredith Richardson, of Whitehead, Sanders Store of Strat ford, and Thompson Bros, of Glade Valley. Commissioners Notice Afteh the first Monday in Au gust, all land on which taxes have not been paid, will be advertised for sale by the Sheriff. The time has been extended from July 1, but after the above date no exten sion will be granted. D. C. DUNCAN, Chmn. Board of County Com. Methodist Church News C. W. Russell, Pastor The pastor will preach at the fol lowing places Sunday and Sunday night: Shiloh, at 11:00 A. M. Piney Creek, at 2:30 P. M. Potato Creek, at 8:00 P. M. The Cokesbury Training School at Cox’s Chapel met with very good success. There were twenty-eight who took the course for credit and receiv ed certificates. Names will appear in Church news next week. Cemetery Cleaning All those interested in Crabcreek Cemetery, are requested to meet there on the last Friday before the fourth Saturday and Sunday July 21st, for the purpose of cleaning off the grounds. Mrs. B. O. Edwards of Asheville, who has been spending some time with her parents, Congressman and Mrs. R. L. Doughton, returned home Wednesday. BOARD EDUCATION ADOPTS NEW CER TIFICATION RULING Alleghany Ranks 99 th in Teacher-Training. Mr. M. E. Reeves, Chairman of the Board of Education, has received a letter from the Department of Rural Social Economics of the University of North Carolina, stating that Alle ghany ranks rather low on teacher training. After considering the facts in this letter, the Board of Education adopted a resolution, which requires al lteachers with low certificates, who expect to teach in the county, to raise their certificates to a higher classification within a two-year per iod. Both the letter and the resolu tion are printed below. The Letter: Mr. M. E. Reeves Laurel Springs, N. C. Dear Sir: Your recent postal to the University of North Carolina has been referred to me. We do not have a recent issue of the University News Letter on the training of teachers. However, I have looked up the infor mation deSired by you which appears in State School Facts, Vol. VIII, No. 4. This publication is issued by the State Department of Education. The following are the facts for Alleghany County for the years indicated: For the year 1930-31, the last year for which we have data, Alleghany County ranked 99th in training of teachers—the index being 547. This means that the average teacher in Aleghany County had a high school education and almost a year and a half of college work. Only one coun ty had poorer trained teachers upon an average. In 1929-30, Alleghany ranked 98th —the index for that year being 518. In 1928-29, Alleghany ranked 88th, with an index of 465. This shows that the average teach er was better trained in 1931 than in 1929 but ,that the rank of Alleghany has declined from 88th to 99th posi tion. In case you are interested in fur ther details, I sugest that you write to the State Department of Educa tion for a copy of the above issue of State School Facts. Sincerely yours. SHH :IW. S. H. HOBBS, Jr. Whereas, the Board of Education has heard with regret that Alleghany County is rated for 1930-31 in the matter of the training of its teachers as the 99th county in the State, which means that on an average each teacher in the county had a year and one-half in college after leaving high school and that only one county in the State had more poorly trained teachers than Alleghany (this infor mation being supplied by the Depart ment of Rural Social Economics of the University of North Carolina. Resolved (1) That in the opinion of the Board of Education the teach ers of Alleghany County will not be satisfied tocontinu e this low ranking in training but will be anxious to improve their training and raise their certificates. (2) That no teacher will be em ployed in Alleghany County after Ju ly 1, 1934, holding any certificates as low as Elementary B. (3) That no teacher will be em ployed in Alleghany County after Ju ly 1, 1935, holding any certificates as low as Elementary A. This gives all teachers one or two years notice to meet the above re quirements. By order of the Board of Education July 3, 1933. M. E. REEVES, Chairman. G. N. EVANS, JOHN C. HALSEY. JAS. M. CHEEK, Sec., Board. COMMUNION SERVIC ES I The Lord’s Supper will be observed at the Sparta Baptist Church next Sunday at the morning service. It is the pastor’s sincere hope that all the membership of the church can be pre sent. Representatives from other Baptist churches have a cordial wel come to come and sit at the Lord’s table with us. We want it to be a home-coming day. The Sunday School convenes at 10 o’clock. May we not remember that every Christian’s high calling demands that he be zealous for the Lord and that we keep His | holy Sabbath. i The pastor will begin a revival meeting at New Hops church next Sunday night and it is the plan to continue for ten days. The annual associational W. M. U. are meeting with the Laurel Springs Church Wednesday of this week with an interesting program. J. L. UNDERWOOD, Pastor. ********* * * * CORRESPONDENT’S NOTICE * * To insure publication of Items * * each week correspondents should * * get all copy to The Times not la- * * ter than noon Tuesdays. * * * ********* FEDERAL FUNDS AVAIL ABLE OF PUBLIC SCHOOL BUILDINGS The provisions of Sections 202 and 203, Title II, of the National Recov ery Act, among other things, make Federal funds available for the re pair, improvement and construction of public buildings in the various states and municipalities. Public school buildings come within this classification, but the Federal Gov ernment “shall not grant funds in excess of 30 per cent of the cost of the labor and materials employed in such projects.” The administration of the act will be under a Public Works Board in Washington, but all applications for federal funds will be received and first passed upon by a state adminis trator who will be assisted by a tech nical expert sent from Washington, state administrators approve will be Only such projects as these various submitted to the central administra tive office at Washington. In passing upon each project sub mitted from the state administrat ors, the Washington office will con sider the folowing pointls: “General policy, soundness from an engineer ing and technical standpoint, legal feasibility, financial setup, economic desirability, i.e., relation to unem ployment and the revival of industry and from the standpoint of coordinal planning, taking into account the so cial desirability of the project and its relation to other projected works. “Any conflicts that may arise with reference to a project from these var ious points of view will be ironed out by a board of investigation and re view which wil reject certain projects and recommend others for approval to the Speical Board for Public W orks. “The requisites which a project should possess in order to entitle it to consideration are the following: “1. The pproject should be socially desirable in the sense of contributing something of value to the equipment of the community and should not be a mere makeshift to supply work. “2. No work should be constructed which would require for its mainte nance or operation an additional out lay by the Federal Government. “The priorities to which different classes of projects should be entitled are as follows: “1. Projects which can be entered upon at once and completed with rea sonable speed should be preferred to projects which would be spread over a relatively long period. This is in order to stimulate immediate revival of employment and industrial activi tyy. “2. Projects which are located in ' or near a center of unemployment ' should be preferred so far as prac ticable to those located in areas ' where the problem of unemployment is less acute. “3. Projects which are integrated with other projects into a significant . plan should be preferred to projects which are isolated and unrelated.” The Board of Public Works was ' created to be of service. Its purpose is to put a liberal interpretation upon the provisions of the Act. “Plans for all projects for which federal funds ^ are sought should be gotten ready a ssoon as possible to submit the state administrator. United public support of civic and commercial bod ies should be secured for all projects which are submitted,” and it is hoped j that public school boards will be alert to the interests of the school systems . under their respective jurisdictions. Application blanks are now avail- * able at the office of Donald H. Saw- * year, temporary administrator Public ( Works Board, Department of the In- 1 terior Building, Washington, D. C. Commissioners Approve Small Number of Claims No business of outstanding impor tance was transacted at the regular meeting of the Board of County Com missioners Monday. A number of small claims were approved and is sued. There was some discussion con cerning the employment of agricul tural teachers and the county nurse, but no definite action was taken. * :■: * # * * * * * Those working for a prize in * i: The Times’ Subscription Contest * * should sent in their subscriptions * * in clubs. On account of the book * work and great chance for errors * ;i we cannot credit individual sub- * scriptions to various prize work- * * * * *. * * * * * * MAXWELL GIVES RULES REGARDING SALES TAX Merchant Cannot Absorb Tax Must Pass It On To Consumer. Since the sales tax which became effective Saturday has been the occa sion for a great deal of discussion, and some misunderstanding, the full text of the rules and regulations set up and promulgated by Commission er of Revenue Maxwell, are given be low. The rules and regulations herein after set out are adopted in pur suance of authority of general pro visions of Article V of the Revenue Act and the under the specific duty imposed by a supplemental act enti tled "An act to Provide for Regula tions so as to Prohibit Unfair Trade Practices in the Administration er the General Retail Sales Tax.” This supplemental act imposes upon the Commissioner of Revenue the duty and responsibility of adopting promulgating rules and regula governing the methods to be by merchants in adding to the price of their merchandise and passing on to purchasers the average equivalent of the tax of 3 per cent upon retail sales. In pursuance of this authority and responsibility the following rules and regulations have been adopted, and are now promulgated, and in accordance with the terms of the act become a part of the law governing retail sales, effective on and after the first day of July, 1933: Rule 1. Compulsory Provision for Adding The Tax. Every merchant shall add to the sales price of merchandise approxi mately the average equivalent of the tax of 3 per cent upon gross sales of taxable merchandise according W the terms set out in Rule 13 of these re gulations. Rule 2. Rule for Computing Tax. It is optional with each merchant or by agreement with groups of mer chants, whether the tax shall be shown as a separate charge on each sale of merchandise. Whether shown as a separate charge on each sales ticket or not, it will be assumed that 3 per cent of the price charged the purchaser is tax and 97 per cent is the price of the merchandise. The amount of tax liability to the State will be computed on 97 per cent of the total of gross sales on the basis of the price the purchaser paid for the merchandise. Rule S. No Double Tax. Wherever a sale of merchandise taxable under Article V is made un ler a section of Schedule B, also le vying a tax upon sales, and the sale s to a merchant for re-sale, the tax ander Schedule B shall be at the wholesale rate of one twenty-fifth of >ne per cent, to avoid double taxa :ion of the same merchandise. Rule 4. Exempted Articles Specific acticles of food,to-wit: Flour, meal, meat, lard, milk, molas ses, salt, sugar and coffee, are ex impted on condition that “the retail nerchant shall keep accurate and se jarate records of invoices and sales )f the exempted articles in such form md detail as may be prescribed by he Department of Revenue.” The >est compliance with these conditions s an accurate separate inventory, as tales are made of every sale of an ixempted article, to be supported by i complete record and file of invoices ind purchases of exempted acticles. iecognizing the inconvenience of this nethod and having authorityy at any ime to change regulations when ad used by experience, it will until fur her notice be accepted as a compli ince with conditions if accurate re :ords and files are kept of all invoices ind purchases, and the amount of re ail sales of exempted articles may >e computed by adding to the total nvoice price of exempted articles the Lverage ’ gross profit on sales of such Lrticles. The amount of sales of ex empted articles computed in this way nay be deducted from total gross lales to arrive at the amount of tax able gross sales. This rule is adopted experimentally to avoid a burden some amount of detailed accounting, md it will greatly facilitate obser vance of this rule if wholesale mer ehants, in billing sales to retail mer ehants, will adopt a distinguishing :olor of invoice for separate listing >f exempted articles. They are there ore requested to co-operate in this nethod and for uniformity of prac ice the use of the pink invoices is luggested for exempted articles. The ilternative method of reliance upon nvoices as the basis for determining the amount of sales of exempted arti cles is permitted upon the further condition that inventories of exempt ed articles at the end of the month will be assumed to be the same in amount and value as the inventory of exempted articles at the beginning of the month. Exempted sales of merchandise to (CONTINUED TO PAGE 3f

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