North Carolina Newspapers

Says Every Person Should Be Educated To His Fullest Possi
ble Capacity.
In his address before the National
Education Association Convention on
July 6, Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of
the Interior, made a strong appeal
for the maintenance of our public
school facilities on the highest possi
ble level. He sees the curtailment of
school facilities in this country as a
menace to the nation, and in simple
language states what that menace is.
The following are extracts from his
“When we have time to stop to
think of them we are proud of our
schools, our universities, our libraries
and our art galleries. But how few
of us have had any real concern for
the things of the spirit, for the graces
of life?
“We are a practical people. Our
outstanding characteristics is ac
quisitiveness. We are acquisitive be
cause of our urge for power.
“The material things of life have
always been the most appealing to us.
It has been our theory that wealth
covered a multitude of sins, including
the sin of ignorance.
“Now there is general evidence
that we are facing a real crisis in
the education of our people. Doubts
as to whether education is achieving
what we had expected of it as well
as impaired ability to finance our ed
ucational institutions on the scale
to which they have grown accustom
ed, are hlping to develop a situation
and b. public temper whch may result
in a further waste of human resourcs
“We are seeing on all sides a will
ingness—in some cases it has almost
seemed like an eager desire—to cur
tail and limit educational'possibilities
for this generation. Citizens of a cer
tain type are always willing to begin
their economies with the schools.
“The most important question re
quiring an answer today at the hands
of the American people is: What are
we going to do about public schools?
“Shall we maintain them on such
a basis as will give our children an
education in those essentials abso
lutely necessary to equip them as in
dividuals and as citizens to lead such
lives as men and women must be
equipped to lead in a self-governing
republic of free men, or are we going
to let them slip back into an era of
unenlightenment, bigotry, and ignor
ance? «
“Unless as a people we are given a
constantly enlarged background of
history and the social sciences; unless
we know something about govern
ment and its operations; unless we
are acquainted with contemporaneous
national and international events;
unless our spirits through education
are made as free as possible from
prejudice, superstition and bigotry;
unless we are trained to be mutually
tolerant and understanding of each
other, building up within ourselves
a will to understand the other man’s
point of view; unless all of these
things and more are offered to us,
our free institutions which were es
tablished that we might be able to
live fuller and nobler lives, are in
grave danger.
"lfixcept Dy means of a broad and
generous education freely provided
by the people for our children as a
whole, we cannot hope to have put
into the hands of those children es
sential tools with which to carve out
a happy destiny for themselves and
for their own children in their turn.
If at this critical stage we continue
to deny educational opportunities to
literally millions of our chidren, our
country will suffer when those mil
lions, grown shortly to be uneducated
men and women, are called upon to
undertake the responsibilities of gov
“Every person in this country
should be educated to his fullest pos
sible capacity. If we undertake to
build a factory we want to have the
best equipment that the genius of the
inventors is able to supply.
“The waste in human capacity re
sulting from our carelessness and in
difference with respect to education
is amazing. Customarily we have re
garded a child as educated if he has
passed the eighth grade or if he has
a high school diploma, or has gradua
ted from a college, depending more
or less upon the social background
of the child
"I do not mean by this that every
child should have a college course
and perhaps go on for a higher de
gree. Every child should be given ev
ery possible opportunity in the
schools to develop to his utmost in
tellectual and spiritual capacity, re
gardless of where along the long road
of education that means that any
particular child should stop.
“Capacity for education is our one
distinguishing characteristic as mem
bers of the animal kingdom. Econo
my in other directions for the sake
of maintaining and improving our
-educational facilities would be only
The sale of the Choate land here
Monday brought a total of $21,285.
The various tracts of land as listed
by number in the execution sale no
tices were sold to the parties listed
No. 1, to R. A. Doughton, $2500.
No. 3, to R. A. Doughton, $1100.
No. 4, to W. V. Blevins, $300.
No. 8, to R. A. Doughton, $1265.
No. 9, to R. A. Doughton, $1745.
No. 11, to Bob Warden, $1345.
No. 12, to Edwin Duncan $1385.
No. 13, to John Cheek $3075.
Nos. 2, 5, 6, 7, 10, 14, 15, 16, sold
to R. C. Halsey for $8020. The Vance
Choate farm and home-place sold to
W. V. Blevins for $550. A large crowd
attended the sale, but bidders were
not so numerous.
First Monday business and the
meetings of the various county
boards attracted many people to
town. A good deal of interest was
shown in the new school districts
as set up by the State School Com
common sense. Here is the last place
where we should economize and the
first where we should increase our
“I know that without a highly edu
cated electorate our system of gov
ernment cannot be maintained; cer
tainly it cannot be developed and
perfected. I know that an intelligent
government and an intelligent citi
zenship do not spontaneously grow.
They must be fashioned by carefully
fabricated, highly tempered intellec
tual tools.
“Our chief interest as a govern
ment, therefore, is education and any
economy that will cut at the roots of
our system of free and universal edu
cation, our American system, may
prove to be a fatal economy. To be
great and noble and free, America
must be educated.”
The position taken by the Secre
tary of the Interior with respect to
the prevailing condition of our public
schools cannot be refuted. There is no
more important question requiring
an answer today than finding ways
and means of keeping our public
schools up to the highest level. This
is true all over the United States.
The National Government should
make the major contribution to that
end. Its best agency for that pur
pose would be a Department of Edu
cation with a Secretary in the Presi
dent’s cabinet.
Automobile Races at Mt. Airy
Mr. T. R. Bryan, cooperating
with the Merchants Association of
t. Airy, is planning a series of au
tomobile racs there on Labor Day.
Ten cars from four states have n
tered in the contst.
Among the drivers are Bob Al
frey, Lloyd O’Neal, and Captain
Woodhouse, of Winston-Salem.
All persons interested in the ceme
tery at Prather’s Creek are requested
to meet there at 8 o’clock Saturday
morning, August 12, for the purpose
of cleaning off the grounds.
Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, al
though not abandoning her plans to
attend the music festival at White
top August 11 and 12, has found it
ncessary to revise those plans. Mrs.
Roosevelt will fly from the Presi
dent’s home at Hyde Park, N. Y., to
Washington Wednesday morning, at
tend to some duties there, and leave
for Abingdon Friday afternoon.
The trip to Abingdon from Wash
ington will be made by train. Ori
ginally she planned to motor to South
western Virginia, allowing four days
for the trip, but she found herself
overwhelmed with invitations to stop
at perhaps a score of places on the
way. Not knowing how to accept
some and decline the others, she
reluctantly decided not to go by au
tomobile but by train. Mrs. Roosevelt
will be driven from Abingdon to
Whitetop, where she will spend the
day Saturday. She had been advised
that she can take a midnight train
Saturday night for Washington.
Although President Roosevelt will
be unable to make the trip to White
top, he will spend the day Saturday
visiting the forest camps in the Shen
andoah Valley. Tentative arrange
ments provide for his arrival either
at Harrisonburg or Luray early Sat
urday morning. He will go by auto
mobile to see two, andp erhaps three,
of the civilian conservation corps op
erations in the valley. He will return
to Washington late Saturday.—Gray
son-Carroll Gazette.
Mr. G. P. Crutchfield, of the Cher
rylane section, is erecting a grist mill
on Brush creek just above the high
way. A dam, 20 ft. high of concrete
and stone, is rapidly nearing comple
tion. This dam will impound the wa
ters of two streams and form a deep
lake six or seven acres in extent be
side the highway. In addition to
grinding meal for bread, Mr. Crutch
field will put in a Hammer mill for
grinding feeds. These mills will be
ready for operation this winter. Next
summer an ice plant will be erected,
and later a saw mill and planer mill
may be added.
Power for operating the plants will
be furnished by an overshot wheel
and a water turbine. Fishermen will
be interested in knowing that Mr.
Crutchfield will stock the lake with
Due to the lack of funds and the
price per day which is 30c per hour
for eight hours amounting to $2.40
per day, we will be able to give work
to the most needy, only.
Any person who is on the relief list
is now notified that he must make
plans and look out for himself. If
offered work on the farm or else
where, regardless of wages, and a
man refuses to work, this automati
cally cuts him off of the relief list.
Before anyone will be given work
on the Relief, he will be questioned
as to whether he has tried to get
work elsewhere and from whom he
has tried to get this work.
Any farmer offering employment
to any person on the Relief is re
quested to notify me if the employ
ment is refused.
Assistant Director of Relief.
- - ---
Hope Public Will Cooperate
With Movement.
A number of merchants and busi
ness men of Sparta started a move
ment to get conoerted action in reg
ulating the hours of opening and
closing places of business here. Under
a temporary regulation which is be
ing published this week the proposed
hours for stores are from 7 A.M. to
7 P. M. except on Saturdays and
special days when the hours will be
from 7 A. M. to 9 P. M. Those who
have signed the agreement hope that
the public will cooperate in this en
deavor to place Sparta in the group
of towns and cities that already have
regulated hours of opening and clos
ing of stores.
Under the schedule below stores
here will be open 12 hours a day ex
cept Saturdays, when they will be
open 14 hours. This will make a total
of 74 hours a week, and the govern
ment code requires only 63 hours a
week for grocery stores. Members of
the NRA cannot work employees
more than eight hours a day, and
they are put to considerable ex
pense to employ extra help to stay
open 12 hours daily. If these regula
tions prove satisfactory, they will be
made permanent. However, it is
agreed by the signers that unless the
j group gets 100 per cent cooperation
the regulation will not prove success
ful. There is nothing in the regula
tions as published to prevent any
signer from keeping his place of
business open shorter hours if he so
desires. Gas service stations will pro
bably regulate their hours to take
care of the traveling public.
The following agreement was hand
ed to The Times for publication:
“We the Merchants and Business
Establishments of the Town of Spar
ta, N. C., do hereby agree to help
carry out the wishes of the President
of the United States by shortening
the working hours of our employees
by opening our stores at 7 A. M. and
closing at 7 P. M., except Saturdays
closing at 9 P. M.
“We recommend that the opening
and closing hours be printed in the
County paper with names of stores
Smithey’s Store.
Cash and Carry Store.
Dalton Warren Hardware Co.
Reeves Variety Store.
Alleghany Motor Sales
Sparta Garage.
Castevens Motor Co.
Jay Hardin—(I sign this
agreement temporarily un
til I have secured official
information as to my duty.)
All County Schools Grouped
In Four Districts.
The Board of Education of Alle
ghany County has received from Ra- j
leigh a certification” of new school
districts as set up by the new School !
Commission and ha officially accept
ed these districts for Alleghany coun
ty. These districts consist of four in
number as follows: *
District No. 1—Sparta with the
folowing schools: Sparta, Liberty
Knob, (to Wilkes), Cherrylane, Glade
Valley, Wolfe Branch, Tolliver, Chest
nut Grove, New Hope, Irwin,Strat
ford, Whitehead, Airbellows, Pine
Swamp, Nile (temporary.)
District No. 2—Piney Creek, with
the following schools: Piney Creek,
New River, Turkey Knob, McMillan,
Rocky Ridge, Mt. Zion, Rock Creek.
District No. 3—Glade Creek, with
the following schools: Rich Hill, Di
viding Ridge, Little Pine, Ennice (to
Surry county), Vox, Hooker, Blevins
District No. 4—Laurel Springs,
with the following schools: Laurel
Springs, Pine Fork, Pleasant Grove,
Meadow Fork, Bellview, Scottville (to
Ashe county.)
The districts for all races shall be
in accordance with th certification
for white schools.
Teachers have not been allotted
all these schools by the State School
Commission, but the Board of Edu
cation has requested the State School
Commission to grant one additional
teacher to each of the following
schools: Turkey Knob, Rich Hill,
Wolfe Branch, and Whitehead, and
to grant one teacher each to Nile,
Cherrylane, and Mt. Zion.
Vhe Board of Education also ap
pointed on Monday three committee
men for each of these districts, who
will elect the teachers for all the
schools in their respective districts.
Committeemen are as follows:
"■"District No. 1 Sparta: Eugene
Transou, Roy T. Burgiss, and G. P.,
District No. 2—Piney Creek: W. F.
Parsons, S. O. Gambill, and John R.
District No. 3--Glade Creek: A. T.
Evans, H. G. Green, and C. M. Rey
District No. 4—Laurel Springs: Dr.
L. L. Long, C. E. Jones, and John C.
While these committeemen will
elect the teachers, the contracts with
the teachers will be made by the
Board of Education.
Transportation schedules and dri
vers will be announced at a later
Mr. J. R. Billings and Miss Zollie
Osborne, both of Independence, Va.,
were married in the Register’s Office
in Sparta on Thursday, August 3, by
C. W. Edwards, J. P.
Visitors Get Seven Hits In
Interesting Game.
Sparta won from Laurel Springs
Saturday on the local diamond by a
score of 4 to 3 in an interesting game
from start to finish.
Sparta scored three runs in the first
inning. The visitors scored two in the
second and one in the third, finishing
their scoring for the game. “Lefty”
Joines replaced Wyatt on the mound
for Sparta in the fifth inning and
worked well until the eighth inning
when he was hit on the arm by a
pitched ball. Nichols went in in the
ninth and retired the visitors.
In the last half of the eighth
Reeves, the first man up, singled, W.
Joines was hit by a pitched ball send
ing Reeves to second. E. Joines was
out on a grounder to second base,
Reeves taking third on the put-out.
Edwards singled to center and Reeves
crossed the plate with the winning
The box score and summary is as
Laurel Springs
Woodie, 3b.
Thompson, lb.
Perry, ss..
Bare, 2b. ....
Sheppard, p. ..
Tucker, J., If.
Moxley, cf.
Miller, c.
Craven, c.
x-Sheets, ..
Sparta Pos.
Reeves, rf.
W. Joines, 3b-p.
E. Joines, lb.
Edwards, ss.
Carpenter, rf.
Moxley, 2b.
Gentry, c.
Thompson, cf.
Wyatt, 3b-p. ..
Nichols, p.
Ab. R. II. Po.
3 0 10
0 0 41
0 0 0 0
Ab. R. H. Po.
4 12 0
1 1
0 11
1 1
0 0
0 0
0 1
0 0
0 0 0
Sparta will play Scottville at
Scottville next Saturday.
Says Adoption of General
Sales Tax Fortunate For
(By Joe E. Hull, Assistant, Farm
Management Research, N. C.
State College.)
The general sales tax recently
passed by the North Carolina Legis
lature is not the first of its kind
in the United States. Mississippi
West Virginia, and a few other states
had enacted such a tax law a few
years before North Carolina. How
ever, the sales tax is not a recent
development in the field of taxation
as foreign countries have had some
form of sales tax for many years.
Nevertheless, the sales tax has been
unfamiliar in the United States, with
so much uncertainty still existing
as to cause it to be yet a question
able source of obtaining revenue.
There is also much confusion as to
the meaning and scope of the several
forms of sales tax. It is obvious that
misunderstanding would exist as to
the exact meaning of the general
sales tax.
Definition of the Sales Tax.
The sales tax is a levy on the sales
or transfers of commodities, services
or properties. It may be consid
ered as a tax on the privilege of sell
ing or transferring of goods from one
party to another. The excise tax is
considered as a tax on commodities
based upon a unit of the product, as
per gallon on gasoline, regardless of
its sales value. Thus the- difference
in an excise tax and a sales tax si
that the excise tax uses a unit of the
product as a basis of taxation while
the sales tax has for its basis the
amount of its sale or transfer value.
The difference in a sales tax and
a general sales tax rests in the defi
nition of the qualifying word “gen
eral.” Thus since the basis of the
sales tax is on the sale or transfer
of commodities, a general sales tax
is a levy at a uniform rate on all
transfers or sales of all commodities,
with the specified exemptions as stat
ed in the law.
General Sales Tax in North
The general sales tax in North
Carolina, as is the case with all oth
er sales taxes, has a specified num
ber of provisions and limitations
which must be set forth before an
analysis of its effect upon the tax
payers as a whole or any particular
group can be made.
The sales tax for North Carolina
is levied for the purpose of raising
revenue to meet a supreme emergen
cy in the shrinkage of ordinary rev
enues and as a further relief from
added property taxes. Additional tax
es levied upon wholesale distributors
and upon the sale to persons in this
state of merchandise that is manu
factured, ground, blended, mixed, or
fabricated by the vendor are at low
rates moderated upon the under
standing that such taxes will have to
be absorbed as an expense of opera
tion, or by corresponding reduction
in property taxes.
The tax upon the retail sale of
merchandise to persons in this state
is levied as license or privilege tax
for engaging in the merchandise bu
siness. The tax is to be added to the
sale thereof and shall constitute a
part of such price of the goods. Thus
it is the purpose of the North Caro
lina sales tax that the tax levied shall
be passed on to the consumer.
The sales tax imposed uncondition
ally exempts the sales of gasoline
which is collected under another sta
tute; the sale of commercial fertili
zer on which an inspection tax is al
ready paid; and the sale of public
school books.
The taxes imposed shall not apply
to the sale of products from farms,
forest cr mines when such sales are
made by those who helped in the pro
duction of such products in their ori
ginal state or condition their prepa
ration for sale, but shall apply to the
resale of such products. This exemp
tion, however, does not apply to man
ufacturers or producers who maintain
separate retail stores from the place
where the products were produced.
Likewise, no tax shall be imposed
upon the sale of merchandise to the
Federal Government or any of its
In addition to the above there is
also an exemption of sales by retail
merchants upon specified conditions
for wheat flour, corn meal, fresh
meat, lard, sorghum molasses, salt,
sugar and coffee.
Considering the above exemptions,
each wholesale merchant must pay
a tax of 1-25 of 1 per cent of their
gross sales and the minimum tax
for each six months period shall be
$12.50. Upon every retail merchant
a tax of 3 per cent of total gross
sales shall be levied.
Effect of the Sales Tax on
The adoption of the general sales
A story, “Hearts and Powder,”
with the setting in an imaginary
community in Alleghany County
appeared in the Sunday, Aug. 6,
Philadelphia Public Ledger and
other Sunday papers using the
Ledger Sydicate, according to the
author, George Lawrence An
Mr. Andrews will be remember
ed as the son of Mrs. L. M. An
drews, of Sparta. He has been
living in other parts of the State
for over twenty years. For some
time he was district manager for
the American Art Works. For a
number of years he has devoted
his time to writing and is a regu
lar contrlvutor to “The Sovereign
Visitor,” official publication of
the Woodmen of the World. He
resides in Raleigh.
Relatives here are expecting Mr.
Andrews to visit Sparta and oth
er places in the county in the
near future.
tax in North Carolina seems to have
been a fortunate one for the agri
cultural population, with the provi
sional exemptions as explained, which
are in the act. However, a general
objection to a general sales tax is
that a greater proportion of the in
come of the poorer class must be ab
sorbed in the tax than is true for the
more wealthy class, even though the
wealthy class buys more as individ
uals. Their purchases are not in pro
portion to their income. This objec
tion is taken care of in the exemption
af the basic food commodities above
is these articles compose the greater
bulk of purchases made by the poor
sr classes, and today the agricultural
population might so be classed.
Thus the added expense of the gen
sral sales tax in North Carolina to
agriculture is much less than would
be true if the ad valorem tax had
seen increased. The outright exemp
tion of a tax on commercial fertilizers
is another benefit and a large one to
The exemptions of the sale of farm
products by farmers is another privi
leg extended to th agricultural class,
for no matter how the farmer sells
his products, whether retail or whole
sale, he is exempt from the tax on
gross receipts. This exemption,
rounds out the favors to agriculture,
both from the standpoint of having
a smaller increase in their cash ex
penditures than other business con
cerns as wll as their gross sales be
ing tax free.
When the tax is all passed on to
the consumer by the merchants, they
will not attempt passing back to the
farmers by lowering the price of farm
products which they buy directly
from farmers. If anything the more
undesirable merchants and middle
men will gradually fall by the way
side which will in turn help to bring
the farmer nearer to the consumer.
This will have the effect of bringing
more of the state’s wealth to the
agricultural class.
Since the population of North Car
olina is roughly 70 per cent rural,
our general sales tax again favors
th eagricultural class not only as far
mers, but as a whole. The enactment
of the sales tax levy was sponsored
as a means of providing more reve
nue for public schools^ With the large
percentage of rural population it is
readily seen that the agricultural
children will receive more benefit
from the tax since a larger number
of school children are rural inhabi
These factors, when sufficiently
analyzed, leads one to feel that the
general sales tax as adopted by the
North Carolina General Assembly is
a fair tax, being more burdensome
on those who can better afford to
bear it, as well as being especially
favorable to the one class of people
most of need of its benefits—the far
mer.—Raleigh News and Observer.
The following teachers from this
county attended the teachers' confer
enc at Boone Monday: Mrs. C. R.
Roe, A. V. Choate, A. C. McMillan,
Gwyn Truitt, Gene Shepard, Misses
Zelma Rchardson, Annie Truitt, Wil
lie Reevs, Blanche Pugh, Parsons C.
R. Roe, L. K. Halsey, C. H. Landreth
and G. G. Nichols.
Reeves Reunion to Be Aug.27
The Reeves Reunion will be held
in Sparta on Sunday, August 27, at
10 o'clock. All members of the Reeves
family, relatives, and persons con
nected by marriage are invited to
attend and bring baskets for lunch.
There will be a program with speak
ers and music. The place of meeting
and details of the program will be
published in a future issue of The
I An interesting bit of local history
' came to light with the following tax
Ashe County, N. C.p
j January 9 day, 1856.
Received of Joseph Blevins:
$1 dollars—64 cents, in full of his
public. County and Poll Tax for the
year 1856.
Years ago when Alleghany was a
part of Ashe, Jesse Bledsoe was a
very prominent democrat of Ashe
and one of the most prominent men
in this part of North Carolina. In
addition to being the first sheriff of
Alleghany, for a number of years he
represented the county of Ashe as
State Senator from the district com
prising Alleghany, Ashe, and Wa
He was a genial, hail-fellow-well
met type of man and a shrewd poli
tician. He knew how to meet the av
erage man and gain his friendship
and vote. He was a popular orator
much sought after and had many
followers because of his power to
inspire confidence.
During the Civil War he was a
member of the home guard and used
his influence to further the cause of
the Confederacy. While the capital
of the Confederate States was in
Richmond, he carried taxes in saddle
pockets on horseback alone to Rich
mond. Such a trip was long and tire
some and fraught with many dangers
on account of deserters from the
army and draft-dodgers.
Our great nation today was carved
out of a wilderness by just such pio
neers as Jesse Bledsoe.
97 top lambs brought $6.80 per
hundred; top buck lambs, $5.80; com
mon to medium light lambs, $3.00 to
$4.00 per hundred.
Top veal calves, $4.05; medium veal
calves, $3.25 to $3.80; common veal
calves $2.00 to $2.75.
Top fat cows, $3.25; medium, $2.35
to $2.70; common, $1.65 to $2.20.
Top fat heifers, $4.00; medium fat,
heifers, $3.20 to $3.70; common, $2.50
to $3.00.
Shoats, $1.50 to $2.00 per head.
Bring in your stock, we will have
buyers for them at a fair price.
Marauders visited a tourist car in
front of Four Oaks Tavern Sunday
nght and escaped with two suit cases
and one had bag. The tourists, en
route from St. Petersburg, Fla., to
New York, stopped at the Tavern to
spend the nght. The women engaged
rooms and the driver was sleeping in
the car. The luggage was tied on the
fenders. The driver knew nothing of
the robbery til the next morning
when he found the luggage gone. An
investigation did not reveal any clues
as to the identity of the thieves. The
tourists left the matter in the hands
of local officers for investigation and
contnued on their way to New York.
Those in the party were: Mrs.
Charlotte Elliott, Whitney Point, N.
C.; Mrs. Emma B. McConkey, Ash
tabula, O., and Mr. John M. Brockett,
New York City.
Commissioners to Publish
Delinquent Taxpayers
The Board of County Commission
ers met in regular session Monday
to transact such business as might
come before it. It was decided to
publish the names of taxpayers
who had not paid their taxes for
the current year. The usual county
claims were presented.
Claims for 17 sheep killed by
dogs cost the County $50.
Mrs. Watson Lowe died at the
home of hr father on August 4, after
several weks illness.
She war born October 28, 1909 in
Ashe county. Her parents, Mr. and
Mrs. Y. L. Cooper, moved to this
county when she was a little girl
where she lived until her untmely
passing. She was married to Watson
Lowe on March 28. 1931, and to this
union was born one child.
She professed a hope in Christ in
1931 at a meeting at Hooker. She
was loved by all that knew her for
her kind gentle ways and manner of
greeting all those that came in con
tact with her.
The remains were carried to Cen
ter church in Ashe county, near
where she was born, and the funeral
services were conducted by Elder Ev
erett Thompson in the presence of a
very large crowd from this and Ashe
counties. The beautiful tributes of
flowers was evidence of the high es
teem in which she was held by those
that knew her.

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