North Carolina Newspapers

$1.00 Per Year
Published Every Thursday
Entered as Second-class matter at
the Post-office in Sparta, N. C.
ERWIN D. STEPHENS, . . .. Editor
—aided the industrial workers.
—put the unemployed to work,
—aided the cotton farmer,
—befriended the tobacco farmer,
—helped the wheat farmer,
—relieved the burdened home own
—assisted the hog producers.
—what we want to know is:
When is Uncle Sam going to help
the cattle raisers? Cattle prices are
extremely low, the lowest they have
been in years, and there seems to be
no immediate prospect of better
prices. It is said that the big cattle
producers of the West refused to co
operate with the government in a
processing tax. That may be true, but
the farmers of Western North Caro
lina should not be penalized on that
account. In many instances our far
mers are being offered less for prime
beef cattle than they paid for the
calves. One man was offered $35 for
a calf two years ago, but he kept the
animal and fed it till now it weighs
1000 pounds, and he can get only $30
for it. We do not like to be a calamity
howler, but with commodity prices
advancing sharply and cattle, accord
ing to government reports, at the
lowest price level in 25 years, pros
pects are discouraging to our cattle
farmerk Something should be done
Mt. Airy Times.
The recent action of the medical
society of Harnett County, Georgia,
by which it was agreed among ^ the
doctors there that patients who owe
back accounts and do not pay them,
will have to make settlement or pay
cash in advance before any additional
calls are made, is receiving wide edi
torial treatment on the part of the
national press. The reaction of the
press is sympathetic toward the doc
The predicament of the doctors
with their sorry collections is fami
liar enough. It is a known fact that
a great many people, particularly
among the working class, treat the
charges of a physician with the at
titude that it is the last obligation to
be paid. Like the old saying, the pa
tients owe the doctors a lifetime rath
er than beat them out of it—the debts
are frequently settled by death.
The doctor has bills to meet, ex
penses to be paid, just the same as
anyone else. In the first place, he has
the expense of his years of training.
Few people realize that it takes eight
to twelve years after leaving high
school before a doctor begins earning
Medical training is by no means in
expensive either. And it seems a little
too unjust to expect that great tribe
of mercy ministers to ride day and
night, keep vigil over the sick for
hours, rack their brains to determine
the best method of approach to cur
ing a disease, live respectably in the
community where they practice—and
then see thousands of uncollectable
dollars on their books while they are
literally swamped with debts they
owe for supplies and services to aid
them in their practice.
Some four or five months ago The
Times editorially took notice of this
situation of the doctors. It is the
small town doctor, the rural physi
cian, who suffers hardest. Unlike the
city specialist, he does not have the
good fortune to have a large group
of patients who are ready and able
to pay large fees. The country doc
tor is fortunate to have a few good
paying patients and has to depend
upon the fairness and consideration
of a large group of people who are
seldom able to pay promptly.
The late Washington Gladden ex
pressed his gTeat aim in the follow
ing remarkable statement:
“One thing I am resolved upon: I
will not be a sponge or a parasite: I
will give an honest equivalent for
what I get. I want no man’s money
for which I haven’t rendered a full
return. I want no wages that I have
n’t earned. If I work for any man
or any company or any institution, I
will render a full, ample, generous
service. If I work for the city or the
state or the nation, it will have my
best thought, my best effort, my most
conscientious and efficient endeavor.
No man, no body of men shall ever
be made poorer by their dealings with
me. If I can give a little more than
I get everytime, in that shall be my
happiness. The great commonwealth
of human society shall not be loser
through me. I will take good care to
put into the common fund more than
I take out.”
Who is able for these things when
the supreme desire of multitudes is
not to give but to get; when men who
work for city, state or nation keep
an eye first, last and all the time, not
on service, but salary; when the short
cut to easy money is the consuming
desire of so many. Why be a sponge
or parasite, when every man and
woman should ‘give an honest equi
(From The Statesville Record.)
That Hon. R. L. Doughton will be a
candidate for Governor, next term,
is not only a possibility but a proba
bility. Not that “Farmer Bob” is pes
tering himself about it, because there
is nothing to indicate that he is seek
ing the honor. Occupying one of the
highest places in the United States
Congress, (chairman of the important
ways and means committee) and
placed there because of his ability
and long service in that body, Con
gressman Doughton would, in a mea- {
sure, be stepping down and not up
in offering for the governorship.
But whether he wishes it or not,
there is definite current of sentiment
in the state to draft him for the
place, and if the demand is insistent,
it is our notion that Mr. Doughton
will accept the nomination. And what
a governor he would make!
Mr. Doughton’s more than twenty
years of service in the national con
gress have not been spectacular, he it I
not the spectacular kind, but they
have been filled with an untiring ef
fort to meet the needs of the people
of his district, not forgetting the
needs of the nation.
It is not claimed for him that he
is a silver-tongued orator, of which,
heaven knows, there are already toe
many in public life today, but when
he addresses the speaker of the house
his colleagues know that he has some
thing to say that will bear listening
to, and they have no trouble under
standing his language. He is neither
a pussy-footer nor an opportunist. He
arrives at his conclusions only after
hard study and diligent consideration
of all factors involved, but when he
charts his course, he knows jolly well
where he is headed and the people of
his district, while not always agreeing
with him at first, have found him a
safe and sane leader to follow.
Bob Doughton is a statesman of the
old school who is not unacquainted
with mid-night oil. His record in Con
gress has been made possible only by
long hours of brain toil and physical
energy. What citizen in his district
can point to a single letter unan
swered by return mail? Mr. Dough
ton instills into his clerical help the
same urge to give full service, that
saturates his own soul.
It is not too much to say that
North Carolina neds that kind of man
in the governor’s chair: a man who
by his own initiative and energy will
inject these qualities into others who
are supposed to be serving the people
of the state.
It is hoped here that the demand
for this candidacy for governor will
be so pronounced that “Farmer Bob’’
will not turn it down.
The American home shortage con
tinues to grow, according to govern
ment and other statistics of a relia
able nature.
In the decade between 1920 and
1930 the country added a total of 5,
600,000 families to its population.
The need for new housing during that
decade was approximately equal to
the number of families added. In ad
dition, a certain number of homes
were destroyed by fire, obsolescence
and so forth—a number which is pla
ced at the conservative figure of 250
GOO for the decade. Normal building,
therefore, should have provided for
about 5,850,000 families during the
ten-year period.
The total number of families pro
vided with new housing in 257 cities
surveyedduringt he decade, was 3,
616,000 . These 257 cities accounted
for 70.8 per cent of all residential
building. On that basis, the gross of
new homes built in the entire coun
try was 5,180,000, leaving us with a
shortage of 698,000 homes when we
entered the year 1931. And now it is
reliably estimated that the shortage
has reached 1,350,000.
What all this leads to is that we
are on the eve of tremendous expan
sion in residential building. As recov
ery gets under way, and men go back
to work, hundreds of thousands of
American families are going to re
place old homes with new ones, or
move from rented quarters into
homes of their own. Construction
prices of all kinds are going to soar
—and we will look back on 1933 as
the year when almost inconceivable
building bargains were offered to us.
It’s time to build!
During recent weeks there has been
observable a slight let-down in gener
al business. It’s nothing to get excit
ed about, however, and is much less
intense than the customary seasonal
drop. Best late progress has been
made in promoting employment, due
both to increased industrial activity
and the N. R. A. drive. Secretary of
Labor Perkins announced that 1,100
000 industrial workers obtained jobs
between March 1 and the middle o':
August. Four-hundred-thousand new
factory jobs appeared in July. Du> -
ing May and June the number of
families rec ng public 'rity ^ 1
per fron. 4,222,000 to 3 7 '". ,;uU EwrJ
ploymenl is about 21 pci cent great, r i
now thai — st year at t'.ie timer IrJ- j
major in ! .roup to show de
crease is tobacco manufacturers!
The last. JUTvvy of current busi
ness issued by the Department of
Commerce, which details conditions
into the first three weeks of July, is
very encouraging. Prices have con
tinued to move upward. Foreign
trades howed a substantial increase.
Freight car loadings, on the whole,
expanded steadily. Automobile produc
tion continued its contraseasonal rise.
■ • ” . . 'ft in ui- ci, co,
Of all the ways in which
tobacco is used the cigarette
is the mildest form
YOU know, ever since
the Indians found out
the pleasure of smoking to
bacco, there have been many
ways of enjoying it.
But of all the ways in
which tobacco is used, the
cigarette is the mildest form.
Another thing—cigarettes
are about the most conve
nient smoke. All, you have
to do is strike a match.
Everything that money
can buy and everything that
science knows about is used
to make Chesterfields.
The right home-grown
tobaccos—seasoned with just
enough aromatic Turkish
— are blended and cross
blended the Chesterfield
Then the cigarettes are
made right —firm, well
filled. Chesterfield uses the
right kind of pure cigarette
There are other good ciga
rettes, of course, but Chest
erfield is
the cigarette that’s
milder, the cigarette
that tastes better.
Chesterfields satisfy—
we ask you to try them.
© 1933. Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co.
the cigarette that’s MILDER
the cigarette that TASTES BETTER
(By Claude J. Smith.)
It is a balmy March day. The warm
south breeze is boliwng and migrants
are just beginning to arrive from
their winter home. The sky is cloud
less. As I wander aimlessly thru the
wood and pastures I hear the red
eyed vireo, brown thrasher, fox spar
rows, and another or two of the ad
vance guard of migrants. I am watch
ing a flock of fox sparrows, when I
hear a rapidly repeated call noted
overhead. Looking up I see that the
sparrow hawk has also arrived from
the southern states to be with us
until November. I believe that this is
the best known and most beautiful
of our hawks; it is only 10 1—2 inches
in length. Their flight is distinctive
being a few wing beats and a short
sail, alternately. This is a beneficial
hawk, feeding on grasshoppers and
mice, with only rarely a small bird
or chicken. Deserted flicker and other
holes are used for nesting cavities.
The eggs are laid on the bare wood;
they are cream colored, finely sprin
kled with brown. I have never found
but about 3 or 4 of their nests, but
have not yet seen the eggs. One day
in July, 1932, I saw ten of these in
teresting little hawks together, flying
eastward. I have, on different occa
sions, seen these hawks attack and
drive off the larger hawks from their
porch, pursuing them for some dis
tance. As autumn draws near these
hawks become less frequently seen,
until only a few are seen after the
last of September. In 1932, this bird
arrived in March 26, but this year I
saw one on March 5. As the cool No
vember days comeon, the sparrow
hawk deserts his summer range, and
goes to a warmer clime. It is with
sorrow that I see him go, but I think
of the day next spring when he will
again be seen, and the pangs of sor
row vanish.
Hare Birds Recorded In County
OnSeptemberl9, near Piney Creek,
the writer observed a white-tailed
k^e, a species-of hawk whose range
-extends fr. Texas to California, and
east oi -he Mississippi river to South
•Ana,. Trie hiad, underparts, and
xl, are white, with the
i'-.y. A fa a, as I can
V t, record Gf this
Also. op. September
20 I observed 3 < M ' Adi Jays, iwo of
these birds wer- dp een on the
25th. The rang. t&NP bird Is fr. m
f this
learn, this
blr3 loi tli
Northern United :ta,t^i\1lmi Canada
les on
These birds were seen' M range of
about 100 ft. The coft > birds
is gray, with a few wl, te
wings and tail. Thej are <.,bou
size of the blue jay. This b-u d is sa
to nes whlfS
zero, in norUu rjjgeai
,»*. V
North Carolina has a habit of turn
ing up first. Tsis time it was a first
of which we are not proud. She leads
all the States of the Union both in
number of counties and in number
of cities and towns in default on their
bond issues.
The June 1933 issue of the National
Municipal Review carries a table giv
ing a summary of state and munici
pal defaults, as of May 1933, as re
ported to the Bond Buyer. The table
reports forty-three North Carolina
counties as being in default. Florida,
Tennessee, Kentucky, and Texas are
the only other states with any con
siderable number of counties in de
fault. For all the states a total of
193 counties are reported as being in
default. This means that more than
one-fifth of all defaulting counties in
the United States are in North Caro
This table reports exactly one hun
dred North Carolina, cities and towns
in default, which is considerably the
largest number in any state. Other
states, that, rank high in defaulting
cities and towns are Florida, Ohio,
Texas, Oregon, Oklahoma, and Michi
gan. More than one-fourth of all the
cities and towns reported in default
on their bond issues are located in
North Carolina.
In addition there are six school dis
tricts and two drainage districts re
ported in default. This gives a grand
total of 151 taxing districts in North
Carolina reported in default. the
largest total number in any state.
Florida comes next with 139. No oth
er state is near these two in this
The total of all taxing districts in
the United States reported in default
is 1,005. Thus more than one-seventh
of all defaulting districts in the Uni
ted States are in North Carolina.
We do not profess to know the
seriousness of the North Carolina de
faults. It may be that most of them
are temporary, resulting from current
tax difficulties, and that in time the
bond holders will be paid in full. We
know from offerings that local bonds
are being offered at bargain prices,
which may mean that present holders
are skeptical. It is reasonable to be
lieve that our entire indbtedness in
time will b'e paid in full.
But whether the situation is real
or apparent, it is a fact that North
Carolina counties, cities, and towns
head the parade of defaulters. This
may have much to do with the' high
interest rates our state government
!s now having to pay for borrowed
funds although the sate is meeting
itr debt obligations.
.1 lv„' difficulty lies largely in the
faili ^ jgf a large per cent of those
Sjfc-t&ves have been as
uuv.-;-.. The recent
The old song below has many va
riations. The most familiar words in
Piedmont Carolina are given, but
there is another version, very simi
lar, known as the “Red River Val
ley,” which is often heard. Before the
jazz age, this song was very popular
in rural sections. Often groups of
young people on their way home
from mid-week prayer service or
churchrevivals would make the wel
king ring with this plaintive old
Bright Sherman Valley
From this valley they tell me you’re
I shall miss your bright eyes and
sweet smiles;
Forthey take with you all the sun
That has brightened my life for a
Just consider the home you are leav
Do not hasten to bid me adieu.
But remember the Bright Sherman
And the girl that has loved you so
I’ve been waiting a long time, my
For the words that you never would
Andat last my poor heart is breaking
For they tell me you are going away.
.Just consider the home you are leav
Do not hasten to bid me adieu.
But remember the Bright Sherman
And the girl that has loved you so
leniency on the part of the legisla
ture towards those who have not paid
their taxes is not calculated to en
courage prompt payment in the fu
ture, although the measure may have
been, practically, a wise one. Why
pay promptly if there is a chance of
a discount in case one becomes delin
quent, or why pay at all if one can
hold on long enough and finally have
his back taxes wiped off the books ?
The voluminous discussion in North
Carolina, in spite of the fact that the
property tax in this state averages
the lowest of any state in the Union,
plus the generosity of the Legislature
towards delinquents, and complete
forgiveness to those who have refus
ed to pay over a period of years, are
not conducive to the payment of tax
es. If taxes are not paid current oper
ations must be curtailed and debt ob
ligations will go unpaid. It might be
pertinent to ask if so-called Tax
payers Leagues are composed of tax
payers or non-taxpayers. Favors have
?one to the latter.
We appreciate the fact that there
the."'7' whe ■’"o’.'.ld 1
iiscuss uu ’:ei’uuh, We ste no non . •
in trying to hide the facts. North
Carolinians may not be aware of the
situation that exists, and good may
result from knowing the facts. Those
who hold the bonds and the financial
purse strings already know the facts.
That is why the interest rate tp
North Carolina is so high.—U. N. C.
News Letter.
Mrs. Clete Choate, Mrs. D.J. White
ner and son, Jack Choate, of Boone,
visited Mrs. S. A. Choate last week.
Card of Thanks
I desire to extend my heartfelt
thanks to my numerous friends foi
their many kindness, sympathy, ex
pressed in so many ways during the
recent illness and death of my deal
wife. We shall never forget them,
and pray that the God of love will
reward you for these kind deeds. I
W. P. Cox. i
Linen Stationery
24 Sheets Paper.10c.
24 Envelopes,...10c.
B. & T. Drug Co.
E Are constantly working to SAVE the FARMERS money
on all their purchases. We have added FERTILIZER to our
200 lbs. of I 6 Per Cent for... $1.50
(With a refund to each purchaser at the end of the fertilizer season)
. $1.50
. $1.55
.6V2C. tb.
.. 29c.
(If Mrs. Jno. C. Halsey of Piney Creek, will present a clipping
Of this ad at our store, she will receive 1 lb. Maxwell House Coffee
North Carolina

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