North Carolina Newspapers

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VOL 9.
No. 26.
Secretary Ickes Stresses Need
For Universal Education In
Address To Educational Association
How many of us have stopped to
consider what would be the result if
all the schools of America were to be
closed tomorrow and kept closed for
one full generation. One could not
undertake to describe the conditions
that would exist at the end of that
comparatively short period, but there
can be no doubt that the effect would
be startling. We would have a coun
try made up almost entirely of illit
erates. Culture would have disap
peared. Science would be merely a
word of Latin origin. In the course
of a generation we would have gone
back literally hundreds of years as
to all the essentialls that distinguish
this period from that of the dark
It goes without saying that the
higher the civilization of a country
andthe more complex its life, the
broader and the higher and the more
universal must be the education of the
havepeople in order-to maintain that
civilization. In a low stage of civili
zation education as we have develop
ed it today was not necessary. All
that the youth just emerging from
savagery into barbarism needed to
know to prepare him to be a good
member of his tribe was a knowledge
of how to hunt and fish. Later, in a
higher state of civilization, it was
essential for him to be trained to till
the soil and to take care of his flocks.
Thence, on up through advancing
stages more and more education war
needed to fit him for the life that he
was called upon to live.
You all remember the boast of
proud Douglas in one of Sir Walter
Scott’s poems that none of his sons
save the _ one who had entered the
priesthood “could pen a line.” There
was here described a period post
dating by hundreds of years the emer
gence of man from the savage state.
And if our anthropologists are to be
believed, hundreds of thousands of
years had elapseed before the distinc
tive form of man had developed in the
animal kingdom. Scott was writing
of the days of chivalry when men had
acquired many of the arts and graces
of living. Yet aside from the church
men, the statesmen and those few
who were gradually bulding up the
other learned professions, men wer°
still, generally speaking, illiterate
Every book was a closed book.
Knights in armor who could not write
their names rode full tilt at each oth
er in tournaments to win the favor of
a lady’s smile, little caring that that
same lady did not know her alpha
bet. The generaity of the peoplle lived
dull and sodden lives, tending their
flocks or eking a scanty harvest of
the soil with the aid of crude and
clumsy instruments.
Gradually more and more people
began to acquire tre rudiments of
learning but they were indeed rudi
ments. The United States of America
is a comparatively young country,
and even as late as our pioneer days
the peopple got along with little for
mal schooling. When finally the value
of an education came to be realized
by the people, schools were establish
ed to teach boys and girls to read
and write. What scattered schools
there were were kept open for only
three or four months a year and few
indeed were the children who studied
more than the three R's. It was still
considered that the most valuable
part of the education of the youth of
the land was to be gained tnrougb
experienceon the farm, in the apren
tice shop, or on board ship, because
we were a nation of farmers and ar
tisans and sailors. The three R’s were
considred merely as finishing touches
to the practical education received
outside of the school. The masses of
the people had to be content with this
smattering of an education although
thre was a college here and there to
educate the few for the learned pro
fession. It is probably safe to say that
the college education of those early
times was not the equal in depth and
extent to the education that the mo
dern child can receive in an up-to
date high school.
But life never stands still. It either
goes backward or forward, and the
course was an upward one following
these early pioneer days. Life became
more complex as commerce and in
dustry developed rapidly and contest
ed with agriculture for supremacy.
As a result of our industrial and
commercial development, social, poli
tical and economic problems became
more numerous and difficult of solu
tion, so that in course of time it be
came manifest that all the children
of all the people should receive at
least a common school education. Our
well being as a people and the rela
tive position of our country in the
family of nations required us to turn
our attention more and more to edu
cation. So a noncompulsory school
system gradually gave way to a com
pulsory one, until now school atten
dance for a certain number of years
is required in every State in the Un
ion. The mere statement of this fact
, is all that is necessary to demon
strate the universal belief in this
country that we must educate our
youths broadly and generally in order
to assure the best possible citizen
ship and the well being and security
of the State itself.
There never was a time in the his
tory of America when education was
so vital to us as a nation-and so es
sential to us as citizens. Yet strangely
enough the friends of education are
finding it necessary to go through
the land in order to educate the peo
ple on the importance of education.
Perhaps we have taken our education
too much for granted.. Like air and
light and water, we have come to
assume that it is a natural element;
that it will always be with us; that
it was ours when we were children
for the taking, and that, it will be
theirs for our children in their turn
for their taking.
It is unhappily true that friends of
education and believers in democracy
must be on the alert as they have
never had to be in the past in order
to preserve Unimpaired- this essential
tool of democracy. There is an enemy
within the gate. Apparently there
are those in the land who are taking
advantage of the economic strain and
stress under which we have "been suf
fering to dim the light that has guid
ed our course jsince pioneer days. It is
being urged that we have spent too
much money on education; that we
are over-educated; that the schools
are full of frills and fads and fancies
that do our youth :more harm than
?ood, that all the education that is
necessary for our children is a ground
ing in the three R’s.
Those who thus counsel us woudl
turn back the clock for more than a
hundred years. They do not seem to
realize that civilization and education
go hand in hand; that in fact educa
tion is the foundation rock upon
which our civilization has been built.
Weaken or destroy the foundation and
the building erected thereon will tot
ter or fall. It stands to reason that if
the universal education that supports
and justifies our civilization is under
mined Our civilization itsgjf will suf
fer to a corresponding degree.
In moments of reverie we may
idealize the simple pastoral state in
which our ancestors lived. With the
edges of our imagination we may
play with the idea of reverting to a
condition of society of a hundred
or two hundred or three hundred
years ago. We may longingly wonder
how it would seem to substitute the
kerosene lamp for the electric bulb
or even the tallow dip or the rush
light for the kerosene lamp. We may
romanticize about dressing again in
homespun, raising all our own food
and producing all our own clothing
on our own little farm. To give up
the automobile for the plodding cart,
to discard the tractor for the horse
drawn plow, to throw away our ice
making machines, our bath tubs, and
all our modern comforts and conven
iences may be an idea to play with in
an idle moment, but I am certain that
no man, woman or child would in
reality want to revert to the dull,
drudging, unimaginative existence of
our great-grandfathers.
Yet some such retrogression will
follow if we allow our educational
system to slip back to what some peo
ple apparently are willing it. should
revert to. Such a highly complex
civilization as we have built up re
quires highly trained intelligences for
its maintenance and further develop
ment. No one would thrust an intri
cate and highly sensitized machine
into the hands of a man just' emerg
ing from the jungle and expect hir
to operate it. If anyone thinks that I
am drawing a strained and out-of
focus picture, let him try this experi
ment: Take any finely built, well
developed and strong youth from the
jungle. Put him into a factory con
taining complicated and delicate ma
chinery, turn on the power, lock the
doors, and leave him free to run that
machinery. Can anyone doubt that the
result in a short time would be the
utter ruin of that machinery because
the savage hand with all the willing
ness in the world lacked a trained and
educated mind to direct it as to which
levers to pull, and which wheels to
turn ?
So intimately is the general educa
tion of the people related not onyl to
their own happiness and well being
but to the prosperity and security of
the country that the importance of
maintaining and developing our edu
cational system ought not to require
argument. It is by means of an edu
cated people that material wealth is
increased. The natural resources of
our country are no greater today than
they were a hundred years ago. As a
matter of fact, they are much less.
Quantities of the gold, silver, coal
and iron have been mined, and to a
considerable extent our oil has been
exploited and our forests cut down.
Probably our native ability as a peo
ple is little, if any, greater than it
was a hundred years ago. Yet none
(Continued To Page Three)
State Officials Discuss Relief Plans
l\i^i^i<>^^- — -- - - . _ _ __ >%
Congressman Doughton In Conference Today
About Scenic Park-to-Park Highway
The people of this community and
the entire county are watching with
great interest the outcome of the
conference to be held in Washington
Thursday between Congressman
Doughton, Senator Reynolds, and j
Senator Byrd, of Virginia, and Se
cretary Ickes, of the Interior, in be
half of the Park-to-Park Highway.
This conects the Shenandoah Park of
Virginia with the Great Smoky Mtn.
Park of Western N. C., which if con
structed will pass through Alleghany,
Ashe, Watauga, and several other
Western N. C. counties. It will mean
an expenditure of from $16,000,000 to
$20,000,000. We should all be sincere
ly grateful to Mr. Doughton, Mr.
Reynolds, and Mr. Byrd for their un
tiring efforts in seeing this project
Sometime last Thursday night rob
bers entered Cash and Carry Store
here and carried away six thousand
pounds of sugar, 24 cartons of cig
arettes and the cash register. The
theft was discovered about seven
o'clock Friday morning and local offi
cers notified. The thieves bent the
bars on one of the windows in the
basement at the back of the store,
tore out a window sash, and then
clipped the bolts on the lock of the
back door.
It is thought that a truck and pos
sibly cars were used in hauling off
the materials stolen. No clues as to
the identity of the robbers were dis
covered. It is thought by some that
bootleggers wanted the sugar to be
used for making whiskey.
Farmers Repay Loans To
Them by Government
Cleveland Makes Fine Record, Repre
sentative Here Says.
“Cleveland County farmers
certainly believe in paying their
debts,” says F. T. Wagoner, rep
resentative here of the federal
crop production loan office.
In the spring farmers of the
county borrowed $100,005 from the
government office with which to pur
chase seed, fertilizer, etc., with which
to make this year’s crop. They have
already paid back around $90,000 of
that amount, according to Mr. Wago
Tne loans were not due until Octo
t)er 31, but around $85,000 had alrea
Jy been paid back before due, he
A total of 886 loans were made
Cleveland farmers and the amount
mid back so far was voluntary and
pvithout “solicitation from me,” Mr.
Wagoner stated.
“Last year the county set an en
viable record in paying back crop
loans, paying up almost 100 per cent”
the field representative added, “and
that record spoke well for Cleveland
farmers throughout the nation. Now
It appears as if the loans this year
ire to be paid in the same admirable
Government auditors were here
Monday auditing the books of the
Alleghany Relief office. Mr. Miles
stated that the auditors were well
pleased to find the books and ac
counts of the office in excellent con
Armistice Day, 1933, the Legion’s
own holiday and that of every former
service man—was celebrated in prac
tically every county where a Legion
Post was located, with the possible
exception of those communities where
the Legionnaires of such communities
joined in with and participated in
mamoth district Armistice Day cele
brations under the direction of the va
rious district commanders.
Department Headquarters of the
Legion sent Armistice Day greetings
to all the commanders, adjutants and
finance officers of the various Legion
Posts in N. C., and also to many of
the former post, district and depart
ment officials of the Legion during
the four past years, wishing the va
rious Posts the most truly enjoyable
and successful Armistice Day since
that original Armistice Day back in
1918 when the entire world celebrated
thatgreat event.
On Armistice Day the hearts of all
former soldiers, whether former buck
privates or major generals, are just
naturally more mellow than perhaps
any other time of year with the pos
sible exceptions of Christmas. Every
veteran recalls vividly just where he
was on that original Armistice Day
and likewise recalls those comrades
with whom he served and those who
paid the supreme sacrifice. They re
call the joys and the sorrows which
were theirs back in ’17 and ’18. Ar
mistice Day means more to these men
than any of them can ever say. Each
succeeding Armistice Day brings all
Legionnaires closer together, for Le
gionnaires realize that those friend
ships made in the Legion like those
made in camp and on the battlefield,
Commander Daniels called upon ev
ery Legion Post in the State to fit
tingly and properly observe Armistice
Day this year, either in their own
community or by participating in
their particular district celebrations.
He was and is very much pleased
with the manner in which the various
posts responded to that call. The Le
gionnaires of N. C. can always be
depended upon to celebrate this day
which means so much to them, and
to carry out the various other worth
while activities of the Legion when
called upon by their post, district or
department officials. Many of the
posts mustered their entire strength
on Armistice Day.
The Fourth County-wide Teachers’
meeting will be held in the Court
House at Sparta on Saturdayy, Dec.
2nd, at 10 A. M. A full attendance of
county^ teachers is urgently requested.
TThere will be a number of discus
sions of the topic, “Methods In Health
Training and Instruction.” The pro
gram is as follows:
1. The principles to be applied in
health training—C. H. Landreth.
2. Factors of Good Health—A. B.
3. Realtion of Home and School in
Health Program—T. R. Franklin.
4. Relation of Community and
School—Mabel Crowe.
5. The Teacher the Most Important
Factor—S. R. Nichols.
6. Should Knowledge Precede Rea
son in Conduct?—Clyde Higgins.
7. Discuss Course of Study, pp. 261
3—Alma Crouse.
8. List Incentives Applicable to Our
Grades—Gladys Robbins.
9. List Most Successful Incentives
—Rachel Halsey.
10. Relate Growth to Health Be
havior—Mrs. Leila Wagoner.
11. Physical Achivement Tests and
Health Program—Emmett Evans.
12. How Should Course of Study in
Health Be Developed?—Maude Par
Each paper and discussion should
not exceed five minutes. See hand
book for elementary school, pp. 61
64; pp. 44-50; pp. 29-31. Read Ele
mentary Course of study, pp. 257-395.
Read Andrews: "Health Education in
Rural Schools.”
County Supt. of Schools.
Raleigh, Nov. 15—More than six
hundred young men will be recruited
for the Civilian Conservation Corps
within the next few days to complete
the State’s quota, Mrs. Thomas O’Ber
ry, State Relief Administrator, an
nounced today. To fill vacancies in
the thirty camps located in the State,
a total of 2,797 will be recruited,
most of these having been already
selected. Charlotte and Wilmington
will be recruiting points for the re
mainder of the applicants, who will
report for physical examination and
i Miss Sally Bledsoe has a fox
terrior pup that shows a great
deal of affection for a certain cow
on the premises. Old Bossy seem
ingly returns the affection with a
great deal of emphasis. When the
pup was younger he slept in the
barn near the cow stall, and from
this contact the mutual affection
developed. During the summer
the dog went with the cow to
pasture and stayed near her each
day. At night he slept with the
cow in the stall. If another dog
tried to pick a fight with the
terrior at any time, the cow was
quick to intervene. On one of the
cold nights last week the dog Was
placed in a warmer building to
sleep, and “Old Bossy” balled and
mooed all night. Needless to say
the terrier slept in his accustom
ed place the next night and there
Snow Covers Large Sections And
Temperatures Drop to and
Below Zero.
(By The Associated Press.)
A howling onslaught of winter
! weather with 40-mile-an-hour winds
in abundance put a half dozen boats
ni distress on the Great Lakes, piled
up snowdrifts on highways, and sent
temperatures tumbling toward zero
j Tuesday.
A frigid gale swooped down on the
midwest from the Canadian Arctic.
Snow reached a depth of six inches
| in several midwest and eastern states,
j andit was 14 *4 inches deep at Am
herst, Nova Scotia.
> Several inches of snow covered
! Pennsylvania, and the total at Kane,
Pa., reached 27 inches for six days.
West Virginia Panhandle likewise
was under snow. Snowfall in western
New York approached six inches with
high winds causing a near blizzard.
New York City had snow flurries
with temperatures at freezing.
Other reports from the “winter
zone”: Michigan—two to eight inches
of snow, temperatures dropping sharp
ly with prospects of 10 above at De
troit and zero at the Soo; Ohio—snow
to a depth of six inches, 40 mile wind
off Lake Erie, air traffic restricted
and snow plows working in one dis
trict; Wisconsin—snow general with
temperatures falling toward zero;
Minnesota and the Dakotas—light
snow with temperatures ranging from
four below to 15 above zero; Illinois
—temperature dropping toward zero
and a new November record, light
Snow At Sparta
Spaxla and vicinity experienced a
touch of winter’s grip Monday and
Tuesday this week with temperatures
reported as low as 22 above. Snow
flurries were observed on both days.
Work at the prison camp near the
ball park is moving along rapidly.
All cages are in place and men are
working on the walks and grounds.
A picket fence extending along the
walk in front of the cages has re
cently been completed.
About 50 prisoners are now in the
camp. Most of these men were sent
here from the Catawba camp, near
Newton. The camp now has accom
modations for 75 prisoners and the
personnel of the camp. A number of
men are engaged in building a road
from the highway to the campsite.
Thirty men are working on the county
It is expected that work on the
water system will be completed with
in a week and the system put into
Prisoners from Alleghany, Surry,
and Yadkin counties will be detailed
to the Sparta camp.
Two live deer have been given to
the camp and are now roaming about
on the grounds.
Sound Investment to Provide For
Future Citizens, She Asserts.
Richmond, Va., Nov. 11—Mrs.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, in an address
before 5,000 school children and their
parents here Friday afternoon, plead
for a square deal for youth in edu
cation and environment.
Sheurged the continued support of
those agencies which build character
and sound bodies, declaring “No one
will pass by the cry of the children.
We are going to do the best we can
for them.”
The first lady, although admitting
times are hard, reminded her hear
ers that society’s most sound invest
ment is the provision of proper
school facilities, food and recreation
for its future citizens.
“The demand for these is greater
now than ever before,” she said.
Mrs. Roosevelt flew to Richmond
this afternoon alone, unaccompanied
either by a maid or secret service
agent. As she alighted from the plane
she was welcomed by Mayor J. Ful
mer Bright and a throng of Rich
monders who had waited at Byrd
airport for hours to greet her.
Speaking at Mosque Auditorium at
the invitation of Parent-Teacher As
sociation of Albert H. Hill Experi
mental school, she was introduced by
Governor John Garland Pollard,, who
referred to her as “the power behind
the throne at Washington, but a
power that rules through the beauty
of character.”
The first lady was the guest of the
Governor and Mrs. Pollard while in '
the city. She flew back to Washing
ton late today.
Washington Nov. 14--The big shots
of the underworld, the Alky dealers,
in the big city parlance, and the rum
runners, may shortly settle in North
and South Carolina, along with their
bodyguards who are handy with
“pineapples” and machine guns.
This is one of the disquieting possi
bilities, since the Carolinas have elec
ted to remain dry in a wet world, in
the opinion of Major Walter Murphy,
who called upon a number of his
friends at the capitol today, said he
had received a number of letters from
friends in the large cities of the north
and west who considered it only nat
ural if the bootleggers, who have
built up one of the major American
industries under prohibition, would
now move into all that is left of the
dry territory, there to ply their ne
farious, but hitherto highly profitable
Invasion of Bootleggers Feared
Mr. Murphy fears the bootleggers
of other sections will construe the
result of the election in the Carolinas
as an invitation to move in: albeit
he thinks the bootleg carpetbaggers
will find the field already crowded.
He hears that some of the Carolina
coast counties are already doing a
thriving business in making whiskey,
and that the distillers have distribu
ting agents in all parts of the states.
He sees a possible sinister significance
in the number of light trucks that
have been licensed in the state, and
he hears of freighters that draw up
to the eastern shore laden with sugar,
barrels and fruit jars.
Mjor Murphy also foresees trouble
for the Democratic party, now that
the party, with plenty of Republican
assistance, finds itself out of harmony
with the national administration, and
no longer with a place on the national
platform. Factionalism is certain to
spring up all over, he says, for when
ever a dry announces for even the
local office, some man who supported
the Roosevelt administration will feel
that he is entitled to the first call,
as the party standard bearer. It is
one of those situations, he says, cer
tain to be found productive of inter
necine strife. And what, he inquires,
of the majority of Democrats who did
not vote at all, where do they stand ?
Drys Look To Morrison For
Leadership In Senate
Raleigh, Nov. 14—United Drys are
looking for a leader to take the mea
sure of United States Senator Josiah
William Bailey and friends of former
Governor Cam Morrison, who have
talked to him during these past sev
eral weeks believe that he will assist
in the double ceremony of exchanging
the senatorial situation in Washing
The joy of victory and the desire
to do some punishing are so fresh
that picking candidates to beat Sena
tors Bailey and Reynolds may be a
little premature. Dr. William L. Po
teat, of Wake Forest, chairman of
the dry forces, had a good time after
the vote. But it is very doubtful if
Dr. Poteat is interested in torturing
Senator Bailey. The Wake Forest pre
sident emeritus always dreamed of
Mr. Bailey in the senate. There was
nobody happier when the college boy
of the Poteat teaching days went up.
The dry leader knows that Mr. Bailey
isn’t a liquor man. There has been
none of the Barton bathos and blue
fire. Dr. Barton thinks the two sena
tors in the light of the recent poll
should resign.
S. S. Jennings, of North Wilkes
boro, spent Tuesday night here.
Andy Wilson and family of Glade
Valley, were visiting here Friday.
G. L. Fender, of Annapolis, Md., is
spending a few days with home folks.
Mrs. Ruth Funk and two children
returned to their home in Philadel
phia Friday after spending a few days
with relatives here. They were ac
companied by Gwynn Crouse.
Otis Wilson and Elmer Bedsaul, of
Glade Valley, were here Monday buy-'
ing pigs.
Another rare bird has been captui -
ed near Twin Oaks and is still in
captivity here for any one to see who
desires. So far no one has given it a
name. The birds in a cage at Twin
Oaks Cafe—stop and see it. Carl
Irwin, the owner of the bird, has em
ployed Claude Smith to look up its
history and give it a name. Since the
bird is of a bluish color and witlioul |
a name, Mr. Irwin has decided he
will call it the “Blue Eagle” of tht
NRA. i
State Officials and Relief Workers
Will Meet President Roosevelt
WASHINGTON, Nov. 14— (AP)—
Nearly 500 officials and relief work
ers tomorrow will hear from Presi
dent Roosevelt and Harry L. Hopkins,
the civil works administrator, details
of the plan by which the administra
tion hopes to put 4,000,000 men to
work 30 hours a week.
Summoned to Washington to hear
at first hand the administration’s
plan, which goes into effect Thurs
day, twenty governors, 150 mayors,
250 engineers and other state officials
and 80 relief workers today had sig
nified that they would attend.
Special projects that will come in
the plan will include swamp drainage
to curb mosquitoes and other pests
and work having to do with sanita
tion in cities, along with highway and
street improvement.
A civil works administration will
be set up in each city and county
and these will be expected to pass
upon and approve the projects. Pew
of them will come to Washington.
Four Million.
Under the first move in the ar
rangement, the administration hopes
to remove 2,000,000 heads of families
from work relief and page them on
30 hours a week at the full pay for
such work in their immediate com
munities. President Roosevelt said
this will be done Thursday, and that
another 2,000,000 unemployed not now
on relief rolls would be hired by
December 16.
Plans for spreading relief work for
women and for aditional efforts to
relieve farmers and to supply food
for the 1,000,000 families that will
remain on relief rolls were also dis
closed today.
The women’s and the educational
divisions of the relief administration
have authorized local communities to
establish centers at which unemploy
ed single women may live and re
ceive instruction in Work that would
be established only where asked for
and where the community furnished
housing and equipment.
Unemployed teachers and other ex
perts would teach the girls and they
would be allowed to remain only un
til jobs could be found for them.
Relief For Women.
Under the plan, every state will
have a director of women’s work.
Thirteen of these have already been
Plans for including women in the
civil works administration are to be
taken up at a special conference
Thursday. . ...
The Federal Surplus Relief Cor
poration, which is handling the buy
ing and processing of farm surpluses
for the needy, was said today to be
preparing to buy a large number
of "Texas, range cattle. Just how many
and when they would be bought none
of the administration officials would
Recently, when the corporation ask
ed for bids from packers for 15,000,
000 pounds of canned beef for relief
purposes, bids were received for only
6,500,000 pounds and most of the
packers did not state the specific
price they would pay the catle raiser.
Only one contract for 400,000 pounds
has been awarded.
c. A. Miles, director of Relief, car
ried a group of boys from the county
to Charlotte Friday for an examina
tion preliminary to enrolling them in
the government conservation corps.
These boys were sent to Fort Ogle
thorpe, Ga., for a period of condition
ing before attached to permanent
camps. It is thought that they will
soon be sent to camps in eastern
North Carolina. The following boys
werein the group: E. L. Wagoner,
Jr., Ivan Evans, Bays Parsons, Ter
ry Stone, Bruce Perry, Glenn Busic,
Curtis Carico, and Parley Truitt.
Or. J. N. Hillman, President cf
Emory and Henry College, preacht!
at the Methodist church in Sparta
last Sunday at 11 A. M. Dr. Hillman
spoke about the debt each person
owes his fellow man and God, and
for forty minutes held the undivided
attention of his audience. Briefly he
summarized important events of past
history and showed how we are in
debted to people of the past for con
tributions to our present civilization.
Finally he emphasized the fact that
we own nothing outright; that God
is the owner and merely allows us to
act as guardians of his creations.
Rev. C. Wi Russell introduced the
speaker with a few well chosen re
marks, regarding the work he is do
ng in the Holston Conference.

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