THE HARRIS HERALD Only Negro Newspaper in Rutherford County. HE HUtRIS HERUD RUTHERFORD COUNTY Population 45,577. Agt'lcuUural Manufacturing Center. Summer resorts. VOLUME 2 — NO. 1 HARRIS, NORTH CAROLINA, NOVEMBER, 1946 SUBSCRIPTION $1.00 PER YEAR PUBLISHED MONTHLY HERALD OBSERVES FIRST AHNIVERSARY ^ ^ Jf Jf ^ ^ ^ * ^ ¥ if it it it it it it it it it it it it it it ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Dr. Charles S. Johnson Elected President Of Fisk University FIRST NEGRO TO SERVE AS HEAD OF THIS COLLEGE Has Been a Member of the Faculty of Fisi for Some Years SUCCEEDS WHITE For Ihe first timp in its lon^ )ii.5tory, Fisk univer,sity, located at Nashville, Tenn., and one among the outstanding universi ties in the United States, has elected a Negro pre.sident. His name >.s Dr. Charles S. Johnson. Dr. Johnson has been for a num ber of years. a member of the faculty of Fisk university and for the past several years head of the social science department of Fisk. Dr. Johnson wa.s chosen among a group of distinguished .A.meri- cans to go to Japan to help for mulate and establish the educa tional system of Japan. He has also been elected to go to Europe to a great meeting-. The election of Dr. Johnson as president of this important and progressive educational institution .succeeding Di-. Elsie Thomas, white, is another .strong link in the educational chain of America. Congratulations and be.st wishes to Dr. Charles S. Johnson, an American educator and leader. NEGRO CAPTAIN AMONG GRADUATES liiileigh Man Receives Com mission at Carlisle Barracks Carlisle Barracks, Penn.—Cap tain Elliot M. Johnson Negro in fantry officer, was among the 1.J5 officei-s who received diplomas from Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson at the graduation of the third class of the army infor mation school here on Nov. 6. Secretary Patter.son spoke to the cla.ss which for twelve weeks had pursued courses in army pub lic relations and information-edu cation. Among the prominent mil itary guests at the graduation Ceremony were Lieutenant-Gener al A. C. Wedemeyer, commanding general of the Second army, Maj or General T. J. Hanley, com mander of the 11th air force, Major General M. C. Stayer, USA retired, formerly assistant com mandant of the medical field serv ice school, located at Carlisle bar racks prior to the army informa tion school. Capt. Johnson, whose home is at 1215 New Bourne Avenue, Ra leigh, North Carolina, entered the army in August, 1941, at Fort Bragg. Commissioned at the in fantry school, Fort Benning, Ga., in May 1942, he was assigned to the 795th tank -destroyer battalion serving w,ith that unit April 23, 1944 when he wa.s transferred to .the, 4225th quartermaster truck company. When Capt. John.son was a.s-^ signed to the information school as a indent in the public rela tions Sourse he was with the 3826th quartermaster truck com pany at Camp Campbell, Ken tucky. Following graduation he returned to' Camp Campbell. The army -information school began operati,ons on February 27, 1946. A new school, it typifies the new policies of the po.st-war army. The school trains public re lations officers, who interpret the workings of the army to the pub lic, and information-education of ficers, charged with carrying out the army’s policy of making the ■American solider the “best in formed .soldier in the world.” Stu dents of this school are carefully selected for aptitude and interest in the work for which they re ceive this training. War Department Releases All of us appreciate the great record that the negro solider of America made in Wtorld War II. For the releases that have ap peared in the Harris H'erald we are indebted to the war depart ment, public relations division, of Washington, D. G. MRS. EARLINE WHITESIDE M rs. Earline Wliitesidfe Joined the staff of the Harris Herald as representative from Bostic June 27, 1946, and has ren dered efficient and prompt service since that time. Con sidering the number of sub scriptions secured, the number of papers sold, and the all- round goodwill created for the Herald, places her among the best three correspondents of this paper. Not only that, she has done all of this work with out any charge whatsoever. Mrs. Whiteside is a high school junior and is a credit to her community, family and host of friends. She, too, sends greet ings to all of the readers of the Harris Herald. BROOKS CHAPEL CHURCH NEWS Rev. C. E. Strickland, Pastor Marion Brooks, Reporter A -succes.sful year at Brooks Chapel Methodist church has just closed under the administration of Rev. Strickland. Our annual conference was held at St, Mark church. High Point, with Rev. R. B. McRoe, host-pas tas-. Miss Marie Brooks and Mrs. Clara Brooks were chosen repre sentatives from this church. They brought back excellent reports. We are happy to get our pa.stor back for another year. We are planning on building a new chqrch under the leader ship of Rev. Strickland, A fine song service was held at our church. Sunday, Nov. 10th, rendered by the Junior Pour ejuartet of Forest City, offering $25.83. We extend a hearty welcome to all of you to attend our services at all times. Preaching on the 2-4th Sundays at 12:00 p. m. Sunday school at 10:30 a. m. Congratulations Sincet*e congratulations! To editor M. B. Robinson o the Harris Herald for his leader ship in building the Harris Herald to the point where it is today. We the people of Rutherford county feel that we are greatly indebted to him for his efforts in our behalf. The service that editor Rob inson has rendered to and for us in this section of North Carolina will he a plant bed for coming generations. His name will be on the pages of history as the founder of “The Harris Herald” the first negro newspaper in Ruther ford county and in this section of the State between Charlotte and Asheville, N. C. > We are happy to have given him our . best support, because he is doing a good work for the benefit of all of us. We wish him much success in this l^reat undertaking. In Memoriam HOLD RUTHERFORD POLK SINGING CONVENTION Convention for Two Coun ties Held Oct. 12-13 With Green Creek The Rutherford and Polk coun ty .‘singing convention met Oct. 12-13, with Greens Creek Baptist church with Mtr. S. B. McKinney, presidij-g and Harold’'Green host. A topic “Chri.stian Missions in Our Singing Convention” was dis cussed by several of those pres ent. On Saturday night a Literai-y program was rendered by the young people. Rev. G. W. Dris- kell, pastor preached a fine ser mon from the theme “Sing.Ing Unto the Lord” he delivered a fine message. The following classes did some excellent singing on Sunday: Greens Creek, Doggetts Grove, Jr., Ruth, Jerusalem, Gold Hill, Union Grove, and Doggetts Grove, Sr. The next convention will meet v/ith Union Grove church near Landrum, S. C. The total amount of money raised in the conven tion was $49.59. *85118 closed a great se.ssion of the annual Ruth erford and Polk counties singing convention. Offieer.s are: S. B. McKinney, president; Mrs. M-yra McNear, secretary; Mr. Galvin Smith, treasurer and H. H. Hud.son, .supervisor. Local And Personal Items Of Interest Gathered In County Editor-Publisher PERSONALS FROM DOGGETTS GROVE Mrs. Annie L. Goode (Staff Correspondent) Elder G. W. Rice, Greensboro, filled hi.s regular appointment at Mt. Pisgah Holiness church Nov. 10th. He preached two fine ser mons that were enjoyable. He was accompanied by Bros. Thig- pin, Goush and Thompson. Rev. E. L. Goode filled his reg ular appointment at Neelys Grove church, Cramei-ton, N. C. last Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Eric Roberts, Winston-Salem, visited Mr. and Mrs. Odell Goode Nov. 10th. The Junior Four quintet, of Forest Ci.ty rendered a program at Doggett' Grove church Nov. 10th. The 4th Sunday in October Mrs. Annie L. Goode attended morning services at Pleasant A. M. E. Zion church, Gastonia, N. C. Rev. A. C. Duffie is the effi cient pastor. Mrs. Ida Byers of Cleveland, Ark., who spent the summer with her sister Mrs. Adline Adams, Grover, N. C. has returned home. She was accompanied home by her sister, Mrs. Adams who will spend the winter with her. While in this state Mr.s. Byers visited relatives in Salisbury at Livingstone college and her granddaughter, Miss Mitchell, at Scocia college, Concord, N. C. Rev. C. B. Littlejohn, of Spin- dale visited Rev. and Mrs. E. L. Goode Nov. 12-13th. A shower was given Nov. 8th to Mr. and Mrs. Lemuel Mosley at the home of Mr. and Mrs. John Withrow. The young couple re ceived 27 presents. About 60 per sons were present. Refreshments were served and all had an enjoy able time. In loving memory of our daugh ter and sister, Marie P. Forney, ■who passed away Nov. 13, 1934. We are lonesome, because God has taken her away from us, but her memory will live in our hearts until we meet her in heaven. Sister and .brother—Mary L., Ruth, Odessia, John, and mother Mrs. Mary HamUton. New York City, N. Y. Hard Worker Among the 20 or more mem bers of the Harris Herald none of them work harder for the success of the paper than Jes sie L. Miller, staff correspond ent from Ziont Grove com munity, and district circulation manager. He succeeded his late father Jessie Miller and has literally carried the good news about the Herald into scores of homes and places that otherwise would have never seen or heard about it. It has been a pleasure to work with Mr. Miller who is a good church worker, working news paper man, and an ideal fel low to work with. He is a for mer student of New Hope high school, Rutherfordton, N. C. and made a fine record there. M. B. ROBINSON Shown above is M. B. Rob inson, editor-founder and gen eral manager of the Harris Herald. PERSONAL ITEMS FROM HENRIEHA Hazel Philip.s (Staff Correspondent) We are doging fine at Zion Hill .A.. M. E. Zion church under the leadership of Rev. J. D. Glad den, pastor. We appreciate his service very much and hope that he is returned to us for another year. Rev. J. T. Laster, pastor and the members of New Zion Bap tist church are getting along fine. They just closed a successful rally for the church. Rev. Felix Gray and his mem bers of St. Luke Holiness hurch, of Forest City rendered service at Zion Hill recently. Miss Hazel Philips was crowned “Miss Zion Hill” recently when ^he won first prize in a contest conducted by the pastor of Zion Hill church. Mrs. Laura Una Wilk ins and Mrs. Alder Hart won sec ond and third prizes respectively. Mrs. Nancy Dewberry also had on a contest at Manning’s Chapel church. Contestants were Dolly M. Dewbejry, Mae E. Petty, Glendora Roberts, Mae Lou Petty and Louise Cannon. Mae Lou Petty won first prize. Pvt. Conell Dewberry is home on furlough. Mrs. Kittle Carpenter, widow of the late Esaw Carpenter was buried at the local cemetery last week. Cp). Richard Sims, Camp Lee, Va., visited, his family recently. Pfc. Charles Camp is home on furlough. Mrs. Bassie Peri-y, Kanapolis, N. C., visited her aunt, Lizzie Humpries. Mr. and Mrs. Buddie Hart vis ited Mrs. Ella Hart, of Shelby recently. The Tobe Hartwell Gospel Singers were at Zion Hill church in a program recently. The New Zion Missionary so ciety rendered a program at Oak- Grove church at Forest City re cently. H'aze! Philips visited Mrs. Ger trude Johnson of Bostic recently. Miss Addie Sue Logan has been to the hospital for an operation. She i:s doing fine at this wrting. Misses Geneva Baxter and Lil lian Harris spent a few days in Boiling- Spring recently. Mr. Lawrence Gorden was burned at his home Monday morn ing Nov. 11th. He was rushed to the hospital and died that night. He was a faithful and earnest member of Zion Hill church, where he was laid to rest Sun day Nov. 17th at 3 p. m. Short Items of Interest to All Readers of Harris Herald Mr, and Mrs. Echos Wilkins has just returned home from a trip to Philadelphia, Pa. They report a pleasant and safe trip to “The City of Brotherly Love”. COUNTY HEALTH OFFICER GIVES REPORT FOR OCT. Crowned District Health Department Has Had Busy Month In Rutherford Rev. F. T. Williamson, pastor of Mt. View Bapti.st church near Rutherfordton kindly gave us one of his anniversary p r o g r a m .s which was celebrated Sunday Nov. 10. The pa.stor preached in the morning with a .sermon by Rev. R. B. Sullivan, D. D., Greer, S. C., in the afternoon. Dinner was served on the grounds. Seve ral visiting choirs were pesent. Miss Lillie Bright and Glynn Petty recently returned from a visit to New York City. They visited their cousin Miss Maude Wilkerson, a valued employee of the New York Telephone Co. They found Mis.s Wilkerson doing well and al.-.o hundreds of other negroes working side by side with other races in peace and har mony. Miss Wilkerson was so pleased with a copy of the Han-is H'erald shown l*ier by Mi.ss Bright that she subscribed for one year. It has been interesting to see the large amounts of money made by the people of all ages this fall picking cotton. Not only are people making plenty of money, but for the most part they are putting- it to good use by buying- winter clothing and other things of value. If and when the broadcasting .station Is built by the officials of the Forest City Courier as stated in our last is.sue, our quartets here that are able to broadcast should contact the proper per.sons .so as to get the proper connec tions before some quartet comes from out.side of- this county and section and get a choice spot and leave our boys on the outside as usual. ■ ; . HOLUS NEWS Marion Brooks (Staff Correspondent) The youth of Brooks Chapel church sponsored a wiener roast Sept. 7th at the home of Mrs. Gertrude Brooks. $8.45 was raised. Ice cream was also served. The Union Singing convention will meet with White Oak church Dec. 8th at 1 p. m. You are in vited to attend. Sons were born recently to Mr. and Mrs. Roger Roberts Shelby, R-5 and Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Flack, Mr. John Blount ,is very ill at this writing. We hope for Hi, a speedy recovery. Mr. W. M. Oates is also .sick, W,e gave him a day’s work Nov. 20 th. The son of Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Brooks is home from overseas. The son of Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Morris is now overseas. The W. S. 0. C. will sponsor a rally at Brooks Chapel church Sunday, Dec. l.st. Giving Thanks Jessie L. Miller For the hay and the corn and the wheat that is reaped. For the labor well done and the barns are heaped. For the rain and the dew and the sweet honey comb. And the rose and the song that the harvest brought home. Thanksgiving! Thanksgiving! For the trade and the skill of the wealth of -our land. For the strength and the cunning of the working man’s hand. For the good and artistic our poet has taught. For the friendship and hope the after has brought. Thinksgiving! Thanksgi'ving! The major activity of the health department for the na , month outside of regular roi tine duties has been the examin ation of school children, .sai - Dr. J. T. Ramsaur, health office for Rulherford-Polk Districi This procedure is earned out with the main objective of find ing major defects in physical and mental condition of school child ren which are hampering their normal development and prevent-' ing their absorption of the edu cation afforded them, he says. The ideal school examination would include all the pupils in the schools every year, but this is impo.ssible because of the limit ed time for such examinations, and the small number of exam iners, Nor is it necessary for all the .“tudents to be examined. Children in glowing health, who are not absent from school be cause of illne.ss, and who are learning their lessons with a minimum of difficulty are .screen ed out and only those who show signs of ill health, or are back ward in their studies are examin ed. This screening- is done by the teachers in the schools. They examine each child a-s to weight, height, vision, hearing, and skin diseases. They also check their teeth, tonsils, and record what they find on a card. They make notes on this card concerning mental development, and ability to learn. They observe tlie nutri tional .status of the child. Then they refer the children which are handicapped by their defects to the health department for fur ther examination. The health department at an arranged time goes to the school and examines those children re ferred to them by the teachers, usually in the presence of the teacher. Defects are noted, and suggestions are made to the tea cher, the child, and to the child’s parents for, correction of these defects. Fi-equently the -nurse calls on the parents in regard to, a child’s health, and helps them to arrange for correction. either through one of the regular clinics or through their family physician. The health department spon sors three clinics for children with handicaps. Tonsils and ade noids are removed every other week at Rutherford Hospital through the courtesy of the staff there. Those who can do so pay a cost price, and the fund for Crippled Children generously pro vided by organizations through the County pays for those who can not. The cooperation of the Hospital and the people of Ruth erford County with the health de partment .ip carrying on this worth v/hile. activity is commend able. Another clinic is held once a month by Dr. Cherry of Ashe ville in orthopedics, and still an other is held by Dr. Brackett of Hendersonville in ophthalmology. These .are also carried out on a cost ba.sis. There is a definite need for a dental clinic but the nature of dentistry, since each case requires considerable time, has been so far too great an obstacle to surmount. This month nine hundred and thirty students have been exanr- ined. This represents almo.st 25% of the children enrolled in the schools. Of these 107 had defec tive vision, 177 defective teeth, 299 enlarged tonsils, and 124 were nutritionally d e f i c i e n t, though this number is not a fair lepresentation of the nutritional deficiency that exists. Rutherford County is no worse than any other county in ,its food habits, but it is also no better. Its per centage of nutritional deficien cies runs right along with the national average, which comes pretty close to being a national disgrace. The final results for all the children .in the county have not been tabulated, and when this is done there will be a report on this grave problem that confronts us, along with sug gestions that it is hoped will —Turn to Pago Six MISS HAZEL PHILIPS Shown above is Miss Hazel Philips prominent member of *Zion Hill A. M. E. Zion church, Henrietta and church organist who was crowned Miss “Zion Hill” recently after winning first place in a contest conduct ed by the pastor. She reported $125.58. Second and third places were won by Mrs. Laura Una Wilkins and Mrs. Alder Hart, who reported $36.00 and $35.00 respectively. Miss Phil ips is also staff correspondent of the Harris Herald and one among the leading staff mem bers of this paper. She has ren dered excellent service to the Herald and is a representative that any paper should be proud to have on it's staff. She is a graduate of New Hope high school. Rutherfordton, N. C. and is a young woman of abil ity, poise and tact. She sends greetings to her host of friends and admirers on the first an-' niversary of the Harris Her ald. Miss Marion Brooks Leading Correspondent Mi.ss Marion Brooks joined the staff of the Han-is H'erald laSt .Jan uary and ha.s shown her interest in the H'erald since that time. She is a representative of the Hollis community. She is also a church worker and civic leader and her memborship on the staff of the Herald has been helpful and bene ficial. The above references also ap ply to the following- repre.senta- tive of the Herald (whose pic tures we were unable to get for this edition) : Mrs. Eugene White- side, Uree, N. C.; Mrs. Mae Etta Hill, New House; Leroy Holbert, Green.s Creek; Mrs. Emily Mosely, Gaffney, S. C.; Mrs. Maebelle Dixon, Belmont; Mrs. Eunice Tug gle, Ellenboro; Mrs. Bernice Can non, Forest City; Mrs. Janette Logan, Rutherfordton; and Miss Evelyn Lois Robinson, Harris, N. C. To these and the other corre spondents mentioned .should go a large amount of credit for the success of the Herald for the past year. Without their help and co operation it would have been im possible to have published the Herald. To everyone of the mem bers of the staff the editor wish es to sincerely thank you. Personal Items From Bostic Mrs. Earline Whiteside (Staff Correspondent) Mr. Clarence Allen died Oct. 4th after a serious illness of only 4 hours. He was taken to the Rutherford hospital, but didn’t recover. His passing is mourned by this entire community. He leaves a widow Mrs. Lucile Allen, a mother, Mrs. Milbra Martin, four small children and other rel atives and a host of friends. Fu neral services were conducted at Bostic Chapel chui-ch with the pas tor, Rev. W. R. Bomar in charge. The Ministers and Deacons union met Oct. 16-27 at New Ver non Baptist church with a large attendance. Rev. R. B. Burgess pastor preached a powerful sermon at New Vernon church Oct. 3rd. To Mr. and Mrs. Joe Brown was born a baby girl recently. HAS OVER 400 SUBSCRIBERS IN 18 STATES Only Negro Newspaper Be tween Charlotte and Asheville FINE COOPERATION Thursday Nov. 28 marked the first anniversary of the Harris Herald. Since the establishpient of this newspaper one year ago we have worked hard in order to make this paper (the only Negro paper between Charlotte and Asheville) grow. Today our subi- scriptioii list numbers 400 and our gross circulation is 1000. We have .subscribers in 18 states from Rhode Island to California and Michigan to Georgia. When the editor first mentioned establishing the Herald, many said that the paper couldn’t be pub lished, but the past year has shown that it could be. We are happy to have had the co-operation of the business men and also scores of civic-minded people ill this county .They have helped to make it possible to_ pub lish the Herald. We are indebted to the local members of the staff who have woi’ked hard to lielp us get this paper out. They all deserve your thanks. In this anniversary isusue will be found greetings from the repi-e.seiitative persons and bu.si- nesses’ of Rutherford county for which we are appreciative. We have been criticized in some quarters in connection with the publi.shing of the Herald, however we hare endeavored to serve our readers and the people of this county and our beloved wstern North Carolina. Finally we feel that if nothing else has been accomplished by the publishing of this paper-, in Ruth erford county, we have at least improved the relationship between the races and tried to show the better side of Negroes. To every one tl-at have helped us, many thanks. BROOKS CHAPE SCHOOL NEWS The Brooks Chapel school is getting along fine this year under the leadership of Mr. Robert Vin son, Winston-Salem, N. C. princi pal and Miss Lottie Daniels, of Westminister, S. C. and Mrs. M. S. Gardner, Ellenboro, N. C. At tendance has been good, with few cases cf whooping cough reported. Our .‘lubstitute supervisor Miss Allen, of Asheville, organized a “Mother’s Health Club.” This club decided to sponsor a lunch room. The tiachers and parents are co operating fine toward building a lunch room. At the present time we have 150 quarts of fruits and vegetables and $28.00 to buy crackers, dishes, and other needed articles. Our health educator of Ruther ford county Miss Carson, met with the club and gave some help ful suggestions. She is a very ef ficient worker and the teachers and parents wish to express their appreciation for her service. It is hoped that the children can attend school regularly so as to make their grades and get promoted. Miss Brooks Thanks Friends As a member of the staff of the Harris Herald, I wish to thank the many friends and rel atives for their fine co-operation for the Harris Herald. My time has been limited, but your help and subscriptions have all been appreciated. In order to build a great paper we must all work hard, and I thank you for what all of you have done to ward making the Herald what it is today. I shall be glad to write your subscriti.ons any time that you want them written. Marion Brooks, Staff Co-:-respondent, Hollia, N. C.