North Carolina Newspapers

Three Milestones
Thii week marks three important
milestones in the history of the Negro in
North Carolna—the dedication of the
new North Carolina Mutual Life Insur
ance Building; the meeting of the North
Carolina Teachers Association; the sa
lute to the graduates of some of the high
schools in the state by The Carolinian.
It is apparent that the North Caro
lina Mutual Life Insurance Company
has arrived as a giant in the business
world, the North Carolina Teachers As
sociation could be meeting in its last
annual session, but the graduates will
be facing a crucial situation in their
We hasten to laud the North Carolina
Mutual in erecting such a monument to
the founding fathers. Too many people
are prone to forget the depths from
which they came. It is a long jump from
the time that North Carolina Mutual
paid its first death claim and was so
happy that it brought out a brass band
to celebrate, to having the Vice-Presi
dent of the United States dedicate a
multi-million-dollar building.
We cannot forget that this building
was made possible by the ingenuity of
its officers and the premiums paid by
its policyholders. It proves that God
helps those who help themselves. We
firmly believe that had the man of bib
lical mention, who stayed at the pool
seven years and complained that no
one would help him in, could have pick
ed up enough momentum to roll in the
pool in that length of time had he just
twisted his shoulders. The building
proves that men, no matter what hap
pens to be the color of their skin, can
rise to the highest level in any phase of
their endeavor if they apply themselves.
Certainly, we congratulate North Mu
tual and bid it greater success.
We must pay homage to the policy
holders who made it possible and com
mend them for the faith they had in the
founders and those who have operated
the company since its beginning. We say
if you would but read the epitaph of
the policyholders; “Look at the Build
ing’’. We only hope that more people will
catch the vision and buy more insurance.
The North Carolina Teachers Associ
ation has made a great contribution to
our educational life. Its officers and
members have striven to raise teaching
standards and thereby give our children
a fuller vision of the life ahead. There
is much talk about merging with the oth
er state organization and surely we will
not attempt to point up the advantages,
nor the disadvantages that might arise.
Guest Editorial
By Jack Silver, Denver, Colorado
( mega Psi Phi Fraternity National High
School Essay Contest Ist Place Winner
America! My America! Land of the
free, home of the brave—where thought
flows as free as milk and where culture
is as sweet as honey. A country where
my opportunity is the tune and individ
ual development the dance. Where my
liberty is not a political factor alone, but
an economic and social right so mean
ingful and so clearly defined in our fluid
society, that to question its existence is
to question the sun itself,
America! Their America! Land of the
bondaged, home of the oppressed. Where
the flow of thought stops with their child
in the sixth grade, and where culture is
as sweet as the words scribbled on their
slum fences. A country where their op
portunity, so unaccessible, would be
bartered for a pair of shoes, and individ
ual development for bread. Where lib
erty, not only political but economic and
social, is truly American as long as it
remains in the confines of their race,
their color, or their nationality. Where
freedom in the stagnant class system we
cal) a society' is the freedom to live in
the system, and the freedom to die for
the system; and only those.
I am one of the fortunate—l am one
of the privileged. My American heritage,
A Dirty Story
It was the lunch hour.
Five of us guys, in fact, all except
Tom, were in a huddle, telling some of
the funniest dirty stories. We had some
great times, —boy, did we laugh—the
dirtier the story, the more we laughed.
Well, on this day I am telling you
about, we ran out of stories iust as Tom
walked by.
“Hey, Tom,” I says, “know a good
story,—a good dirty one?”
At that everybody laughs, for they
know Tom is a Christian. He says these
stories make him feel bad. He never will
listen. Great guy though, for he’s no
Say, you can imagine my surprise
when Torn stops and says. “Sure, Bill,
I’ll tdl you a story; but it’s so dirty I
don’t think you fellows will like it. What
do you say?”
Honestly, I wished Tom hadn’t said
that, for I had always secretly looked
up to him; the other guys didn’t say a
word, so I comes out quick-like with,
’“Shoot the filth, Tom.”
“Well,” says Tom, “there was a guy
who worked at this store who was a
We do say, “Be not the first to try the *
new, nor the last to turn aloose the old.” A
The proponents, on both sides, should I
not forget that there has been plenty of *
blood, sweat, money and tears put into A
the organization and certainly the ideals, B
nurtured, fostered and promoted should f
not be lost. This newspaper has worked A
with the Association for many years and £
will continue to work with whatever f
comes out of the crucible to make edu- *
cation what it thinks it can and should S
be in North Carolina. "
We join with the merchants of Ra- fi
leigh in welcoming the 85th session and "
are grateful that it chose Raleigh. The s
meeting not only brings a large number A
of delegates, but gives the Raleigh com- 1
munity an opportunity to keep abreast *
of the broader phases of education. The A
meeting is no deterrent to the economic 1
life of Raleigh and the merchants are !
always sorry to see them leave. We are |§
happy to have seen the relationship im- !
prove with the times. The delegates can ’
move freely from one place to another A
and enjoy many of the facilities once de- 1
nied them Whether there is a merger, a "
combining or changeover, we say, “Come A
back to Raleigh. A rose by any other 9
name can smell just as sweet.” "
For a number of years, we have sa- A
luted the graduates of many of the high A
schools through oui columns. The mer- "
chants have cooperated with us in mak- A
ing this possible. We again salute those A
who have come thus far in their quest T
for a better way to serve. It is our belief A
that an education is designed to make fi
one more useful to one’s self and in that *
way one becomes more useful to the a
community. A
We would like for- those who have f
came thus far to remember that a man *
is measured from his head up. The time A
is now that; a high school education is ■
the beginnning. The four years spent in .
high school are merely the second step A
of the ladder of preparedness. We sin- §
cerely hope that the 1966 class will have
no dropouts. We hope that every mem- A
ber of the class will remember that there A
is no place in the future scheme of things v
for high school graduates. If there seems A
to be an obstacle to surmount to go fur- B
ther, everyone should leave the stage on *
commencement night, vowing that he or A
she is just commencing.'
We commend the youngstes and par- *
ents again, but hasten to say “All is be- A
yona". Parents must rededicate them- fi
selves to their obligations and the grad- f
uates must hitch their wagons to a star. A
my upbringing, my home, and my edu- "
cation have led me up the path of desire A
to the threshold of success. I have been fi
afforded every opportunity, every v
chance, for achievement and self-devel- t
opment. I am the product of my envir- i
onment—l am a son of the free and f
brave—and as my father planted for me; *
so I too will plant and cultivate the seeds ■
of liberty and freedom, prosperity and 1
opportunity for my children. I am an '
American, and this is my tradition and 1
my responsibility. f
Yes, my responsibility—-my responsi- ,
bility to provide my children with the «
very best advantages I can offer, so that f
they too might attain the threshhold of *
success, through self-development, and A
carry on our tradition and heritage. Yet, B
does my responsibility stop with this? As *
a father—yes, for I have done all in my A
power; as an American—no, for there re- gj
mains much more to do. I am but a sin- "
gle link, a generation, in a chain repre- A
senting the continuance of the Ameri- 8
can way of life. This way of life can only f
have an assured existence if I, as an A
American, develop my children’s and fl
my own talents and abilities—and as an f
American, develop my children’s and k
of poverty as well as of riches; of hope- fi
lessness as well as of opportunity; of f
bondage as well as of freedom. i
dirty son of the devil. You fellows know f
him. A
“He was bad for drink. Many nights fi
he got so drunk he lay unconscious in f
his filth and vomit. One night he almost *
killed a man in a fight he didn’t rcrnem- fi
ber. Twice he wrecked his car. Once he w
even struck his mother in his drunken »
rage. He was a dirty guy. A
“When he was drunk he was also bad B
for women. Some nights he lay in a .
brothel until they got all his money. A
His body became diseased from his sin. fi
In his lust, he deceived an innocent girl, *
gradually broke down her resistance, and A
at last set her feet on a path of sin from I
which she never departed. Then he kick- "
ed her out. He was a dirty guy.” A
As Tom told about this guy we all |*
sat still. His eyes held us with their in- *
tensity. Then he continued, kind of soft- A
like, and a tear seemed to tremble in |
his eye. f
“One night, this dirty so-and-so drift- A
ed by a street comer . . . Some nice, j|
clean-looking young people were singing f
so sweet with such happy faces that he A
2 Counties
in State
LAURINBURG - The Student
Nonviolent Coordinating Com
mittee organization campaigns
in North Carolina’s Scotland
and Craven Counties.
Presently, a SNCC-related
student group at St. Andrews
Presbyterian College is con
centrating on ending token inte
gration in local schools. They
plan to file complaints with
the United States Office of Ed
ucation challenging a local
"freedom of choice” plan which
has resulted in the enrollment
of only 75 Negro youngsters in
formerly all-white schools.
Other students are attempt
ing to document intimidation of
Negro families, in Wagram, a
few miles from here. They
have charged Negroes were told
by their employers and land
lords not to send their chil
dren to all-white schools.
The Negro community here
has demanded that Negroes lie
named to the election board;
that Negro poll judges and reg
istrars be named; that pre
cincts should be organized in
predominately Negro neighbor
hoods; and that registration
books remain open twelve
months a year.
SNCC worker Larry Fox said
registration offices in Weldon
are open only six days a year.
Only a fev of the 100 North
Carolina Counties have five-day
a week registration, including
most of the large counties.
Over 100 complaints charging
discrimination on hiring and
promotion were filed here dur
ing 1965. The local movement
charges that the worst offender
is the Bell Telephone Company.
SNCC maintains staffed pro
jects in Alabama, Arkansas,
Mississippi, and Georgia,
Youth And
Mon F**€s
R&ps Here
A Raleigh police omcer ar
rested a 20-year-old youth and
his 34 -year -old "chauffeur”
Monday afternoon after a cred
it card was reportedly misused
by the younger man.
Officer W'illard Meachum
Parker, Jr., reported at 5:02
p. m. Monday that William Bai
ley, of Rt. 6, Raleigh, went into
the K-Mart, 400 E. Six Forks
Road, and attempted to purchase
several items with a stolen
credit card, belonging to Wil
lie Clarence Grier, Jr., of 216
E. Lenoir Street, Apt. 3.
Grier, however, had called
K-Mart earlier and reported
that his credit card had been
stolen. Bailey, according to
the cop, even forged Mr. Grier’s
name on the K-Mart sales
After Bailey left the store,
(See CHARGE TWO, P. 2)
W L’ATH i: I.
( $ r svi V; <- fv y- y* .V
Temperatures for the
five days, Thursday through
Monday, will average two to
six degrees below normal.
Normal high and low tem
peratures for the period will
be 67 and 42 degrees. It will
be rather cool during most of
the period. Precipitation will
totai up to one-fourth of an
inch, occurring as showers late
Sunday o» Monday.
The Rev. Albert Cohen, 38, plays with his adopted two-year
old son, Davis, last week after announcing that he and his
wife will be returning the child to the Los Angeles Adoption
Agency this week. Rev, Cohen, a protest ant minister, said
he and his wife “are not strong enough to withstand the social
pressures of rearing a Negro child in a white family.” (UPI
****** ★ ★★★★* ★★★★★★
IVabs T wo I ii Forgery
VOL, 25, NO. 19
★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★★★★★★ ***.,¥**
NAACP’s Public Forum Sun.
First At
Thursday, March 24, marked
a history-making milestone in
the maternity ward at Raleigh’s
all-white Rex Hospital, when
Mrs. Samuel E. NeSmith, of
1021 Oberlin Road, gave birth
to a baby son. He is believ
ed to be the first Negro child
ever born at this hospital.
Most information regarding
circumstances surrounding the
admittance of Mrs. NeSmith to
the hospital were not readily
available, but it is a fact that
she and her husband, the Rev.
S. E. NeSmith, minister of Wil
son Temple Methodist Church,
were parties to a suit against
Re v in l ebruary of this year.
• \ i;a } dir> '- ' r Joseph
Barnes, in ar Interview with
this writer Tuesday afternoon,
confirmed the fact that Mrs.
NeSmith had given birth at the
hospital last Thursday, but de
clined further comment say
ing, “the hospital’s attorney lias
instructed me not to comment
on this.”
After ascertaining the name
of the attorney from Mr.
Barnes, we then telephoned At
torney Archie Allen, who in
formed us that, “We are pre
paring an answer which will be
filed in Federal (U. S. Eastern
District) Court Wednesday.
This answer will be accompani
ed by an affidavit of Mr. Barnes,
who is the director of the hos
Both the hospital chief and
the attorney refused to comment
on whether this was the first
colored child ever born there,
(See NEGRO BABY, P. 2)
Ligon High
Debaters To
State Finals
The J. W. Ligon High School
Debating Society has success
fully met all competition and
earned the right to compete in
the State finals which will be
held at A&T College in Greens
boro, Tuesday, March 29. The
debate topic for the North Car
olina debating organization for
(»*<* UGON DEBAITEM, V. tl
North Carolina’s Leading Weekly
- are seven of the eight members of the Debating Society
of J. W. Ligon High School, who will travel to A&T College,
Greensboro, Tuesday, to participate in the State finals. Front
row, left to right, are: Misses Dorothea McNeil and Gloria
Hodge. Second row, Misses Genese Wilder. Gwendolyn Clarke,
and Ethel Johnson. Third row, Misses Vivian Logan and Bar
bara Johnson. Bernard Davis, the only male member of the
Society, was absent when this photo was taken. (See story).
NCTA Prexy Says
Negro And White
Must Combine Now
lowing statement was prepared
for delivery Thursday, March
31, before (he delegates to the
NCTA convention):
Remarks before the North Car
olina Teachers Association In
Its 85th Annual Session
Whatever the purposes of a
great organization might be,
they vary in emphasis accord
ing to time, interest and cir
cumstances... To this, the North
Omega Frat
Reveals Top
3 Essayists
Ornega Psi Phi Fraternity,
through its executive secretary,
H. Carl Moultrie, I, announced
last week that Jack Silver, a
white youth from Denver, Colo,
won the first prize in the 1965
Essay Contest. Miss Lula Mae
Wood. Rustburg, Va„ won sec
ond place honors, and Miss
Slome Zurawski, Nutley, N. J.
took honorable mention.
The contest is staged yearly,
by the fraternity, and is open
to students of all races. The
subject was, "America’s Re
sponsibility for the Develop
ment of Human Talent.” Mr,
Silver recieved $500.00 and
Miss Wood $300.00. The con
test is directed by the achieve
ment Week Committee, com
posed of O, K. Beaty, Salisbury,
N, C.; Richard D. Kidd, Wll
berforce, Tenn.; Thomas M.
Pope, Bloomington, Ind.; J. H,
White, Itta I3ena, Miss., and
Matthew r J. Whitehead, Wash
ington, D. C.
Silver began'with the follow
ing, "America, Mr. America:
Land of the free, home of the
brave where thought flows as
milk and where culture is as
Carolina Teachers Association
presents itself as no exception.
The improvement of instruc
tion, teacher welfare, unified
dues, the Hammocks Beach, the
Credit Union, Civil Rights, and
other established ohjec tiv e s
hold their own. But looming
large upon the educational hori
zon for serious and immediate
attention is the merger of the
two outstanding education asso
ciations of North Carolina. This
is as it should be according to
time, interest, and circum
stances, and in it the North
Carolina Teachers Association
has a great stake.
The three great concerns of
the Association seem clear.
They are:
1. Recognition of the contri
(See NCTA PBEXY. P. 2)
From Raleigh s Official Police Files,
Man, 54, Says
Boy Beat Him
Carl Lee Bagwell, 54-year
old white resident of Rt. 2,
Raleigh, reported to Officers
Ralph Clayborne and J. M. Ed
wards at 11 a. rn. Monday, that
while he was at 106 1/2 N.
Carver Street (an exclusive Ne
gro neighborhood), he was as
saulted by a 16-year-old Negro
He identified his assailant
as William Edward Herring, of
314 N. Carver Street. Bagwell,
who was struck in the face al
legedly by the hands of young
Herring, exhibited bruises on
the left side of his face. He
signed an assault and battery
warrant and Herring was jailed
under a bond of SIOO.
The fight followed an argu
ment of unknown oH ,
Davie St.
Church To
Host Meet
The Raleigh Branch of the
NAACP in its continuing efforts
to serve and meet the needs of
the people will hold its first
Public Forum on Sunday, April
3, at the Davie Street United
Presbyterian Church at 4 p. m.
E. L. Rayford, executive sec
retary of the Bloodworth Street
YMCA, will serve as modera
tor for the six-member panel
of citizens from the following
areas of the city: Oberlin,
Fourth Ward, South Park, Ro
chester- Biltmore Hills, East
Raleigh, and Lincoln Park.
The chapter believes that this
approach to the overall prob
lem of cooperation and concern
for the citizenry will have its
effect on the progress of the
total community. The panelists
are to cite problems and ob
servations peculiar to the given
community. For example, a
mong others, a primary concern
for the Fourth Ward area is
the relocation of the families
living there as the redevelop
ment program takes affect.
Members of the membership,
education and political action
committees are to meet with the
respective chairmen at 3;30
p, m. The Forum meeting will
begin promptly at 4 p. rn.
The public is invited,
pippjßaß-- a «■■[
Attorney Jack Greenberg, di
rector-counsel NAACP Legal
Defense and Educational Fund,
will speak to the Administra
tors and Supervisors on Fri
day, April 1, at 11 a. m. in
the Southern Room of the Mem
orial Auditorium. He will also
deliver the main address at
the second General Assembly
of the 85th Annual Convention
of NCTA on Friday evening'
at 8;15.
Borrows Knife,
Cuts Its Lender
Paul Crowder, 32, of 3 Smith
Plaza, told "the law” at 6:55
p. m. Saturday, he let Freddie
Jenkins borrow his knife “to
clean his fingernails” at the
corner of E. Martin and S.
East Streets, and then Jenkins
stabbed Crowder with his own
The victim, who was cut in
the left leg, said he was at
tacked after Jenkins, address
unlisted, asked him for money
and was told by Crowder that
he didn't have any. Both were
drinking, the cop's report stat
ed, and Crowder said he didn’t
want to sign a warrant against
Jenkins or go to the hospi
tal for the pocket knife wound
in the upper left thigh,
.'f ::u f. -a-T y s>

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