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THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA
NOVEMBER 18, 1914
Published weekly by the
Bureau of Extension of the Uni
versity of North Carolina.
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
VOL. I, NO. 1
Editorial Board: E. C. Branson, J. G- deR.
Hamilton, L. R. Wilson, Z. V. Judd, S B.
Application for entry as second-class matter at
the postoffice at Chapel Hill, N. C-, pending.
THE NEWS LETTER
The UNIVERSITY NEWS LEri'ER
will go regularly to the reading public
that wants it in North (Carolina. A post
card will enable ns to know the reader’s
wish. Advise us at some early date, and
thereby help us make up our permanent
BEHIND AND BEYOND COL-
Behind campus walls in North Carolina
in 1910, all our colleges counted, were
only 6,594 students of both sexes.
Or only 12 for every thousand children
enrolled in our elementary schools, pub
lic and private.
Our State ranks 40th in this particular.
Six southern states make a better, and
seven a poorer allowing.
WIN A COLLEGE DEGREE AT
Beyond campus walls in North Caro
lina in the census year, were 74,600 boys
and girls, between 16 and 20 years of age,
who were bread-winnei'S and wage-earn-
ers—our own race and color, kith, kin
and kind; ('aught in the fell clutch of cir
cumstance and forced to work—many of
them at back-breaking toil.
Thel’nivereity holds out a hand to them.
Outside our window's hang kindly lamp.!
of leai ning.
These young people cannot goto col
lege. And so the llniveisity goes to them
witli correspondence courses; 19 credit
courees leading to linivereity degrees, and
17 non-credit courses. A post card of in
quiry will bring full infonnation about
tlie chances offered.
THE BRAHMIN CASTE OF
What Emerson called the Bialunin
caat« of scholars is never a large group of
people—in North (Carolina or elsewhere
at any one time in the world’s history.
The graduates of all the colleges in the
Slat« number perhaps fewer than 50,000
people, all told. So few are the weaiers
of academic purple!
But two and a half million people in
the State live beyonil college walls, busy
with the nagging problems of a woik-a-
day world. ^
Nearly one-founh of the white girls
and women of North t.'arolina, ten ye.ars
of age and older, are at woi>k for a living
outside their homes or home occupations
—130,000 of them! Our toiling brothei-s
—'white youths and men—number 460,-
000. What chances have they hal at
college or univeraity culture?
If the learning of colleges does not
mean a leaning towaid the toilers in
North Carolina in the mills and factories,
in the shops and on the fanns, and a
longing to serve them, it is a shabby, sor
ry, parasitic something that deserves
neither encouiagement or support by the
The Univei'sity is busy extending its
cajinpus limits to the boundaries of the
j State in eveiy direction; is putting the
culture of the rnivereity centre at the
command of all the people of every sort
and kind; is i-elating, adjusting, and
adapting its activities to democratic needs
in North Carolina, in a state-wide minis
try of service.
Whatever anybody in tlie State wants
to know, and is prepared to learn, the
University ought to be ready, or ought to
get ready as soon as possil>le, to teach.
What else pray ought the word Univer-
sity^to mean? Sealing up the learning of
the race, setting it in air-tight ves.sels on
the shelves of acadeujic work-.shops and
breaking the .seals at sfateil timt« for the
favored few' was the old-time, world-wide
ideal of I’niversity jiropriety and dig
.Mready the I'liiversity ol North t’aro-
lina has a Bureau of General Information.
It offers to the public afield instruction
by lectures---128 this year. Its Debating
Union reached between thirty and forty
thousand people last year. Its Teachers’
Bureau is a busy place. It maintains a
■^Municipal and i^egislative Keference Li-
t)rary. ,\lso an Economicii and Social
Reference Library, devoted to the prob
lems of business and life in North Caro
Its Know-Your-Own-Hon)e-State and
Your-Own Ilome-County clubs are search-
ijig out the forces and agencies that are
making or niarring the future of the State.
Here is the llniversity helping or try
ing to help the folks—not just the few be
hind college walls; but the multitude.^
The county clubs at the University are
studying economics and sociology through
a microscope mainly, .ilso, through a
telescope incidentally, in order to get
ourselves properly relattnl to the grand
scheme of tlungs. Many a student knows
these large subjects fairly well; but about
liis own community and county he knows
I'he county clubs are bent upon a com
petent knowledge of the home-county
and the mother-state. They are concen
trating upon the e'onomic and social
problems of the people who are their
own. And already they are beginning to
realize that they have entered upon a
new field of ITnivei-sity learning—a field
of rich information, education, stimula
tion anl preparation for competent citi-
The new Kxtension Bulletin, number
9, (mailed upon request) gives full de
tails of The Home-(;ounty-Club Studies.
THE CAROLINA COUNTY
They shall be th(“ artist, the com
poser, the portrait' painter, of their
people. Their faith, their cry, tlieir
anger, their love shall be in them. In
them shall be seen the panorama of
the crowd, focused into a single pur
In them shall be put in the fore
ground of the Stiw’s attention the
things that belong in tlie foreground.
And the things that belong in the
background shall be put in the back
ground, and the little ideas and little
men shall look little in it, and the big
ones shall look big.
GERALD STANLEY LEE,
Know-Y"our-Home-(^ounty (^lubs are
needed all over the State, in every com
munity; and they are being rapidly or
ganized. Directions, infonnation, de
tails—whatever is needed—can be had
by addressing the North Cai-olina Club at
The other day, the Hbine-t'ouiity
^tudy-('lubs came up for discussion in a
“.Tust what do you mean by studving
a county?” piped up a Tar Heel in the
“I’m a college bred man,” said he, '*1
was hatched out in this c«uht^. Man
and boy. I’ve lived in it all my life. I
know all the folks and every goose trail
in it. If there is anything about it I
don’t know, J would like to know' what
A bulletin was mailed out to him. In
a few days, came tliis answer: “Gee
Wliiz! If I knew as nmch about my
county as this bulletin calls on me to
know, I’d be of some account in it, sure
enough! I didn’t know there were so
many important things to know about a
body’s own home people. Guess I’ll or
ganize a Home-Study-Club right here.”
Send for the Bulletin. Read it and do
Duriiig 1913-14 lectures were deliverei
in 128 North (Carolina comniunities by
membere of the Univei-sity faculty, no
other expense being ijicurral by the com
munities for which the lectt ires were made
than the traveling expenses of the speak
Among 125 oi- more subjects which are
offered for the present year upon the
same terms are the following which are
of special inten^st to rural c(jmmunities:
Comnumity Nest Kggs, by I'rof. E. C.
Branson; Geology in Relation to Soils, by
Prof. ('oilier Cobb; Electricity on the
Farm, by Prof. P. H. Daggett; Home
lUinnination, by Dr. C. H. Herty; Pri
vate VVatei' .Systems for the Home and
Farm, by Prof. T. I'. Hickerson: Hu'
Origin and Prevt'ution of Typhoid Fever,
by Dr. \V. D. MacNider; ( V)-opei ative
Marketing of Farm Products, by Dr. C.
L. Raper; The Fannei ’s Part in Highway
Improvement, by l^of. ,\1. H. Stacy;
^ The Farm-Life ScIkioI, by Dr. L. A. Wil
liams; Books for the Fami and How tj
Them, by Dr. L. K. Wilson.
DID YOU KNOW IT?
Do you care to know more about the
people of Europe and the conditions
which made this war? Do you care to do
supervised study in preparation for that
State examination? Would you like to
continue some of your I’niyersity studies
where you had to break them off? Have
you some spare time which you would
like to turn to profit?
There aiv offered by the University
thirty-six coui-ses by correspondence:
about one-half of tliem give creilit toward
a degree, and for successful work in the
others a certificate is granted. The work
is under the direction of the regular facul
ty members who receive no extra renui-
neration. Enrolhnent has already begun.
Who’ll be the next?
For fuller infonnation write to tlie
Bureau of Extension, Chapel Hill, N. C.
COMMUNITY SERVICE WEEK
For Better, Richer, Greater Slate
I'he current number of the Ahmmi Review carries the following open let-
tci'by President E. K. Graham to the Alunmi of the , University: “You
Jiave probably received from the committee at Raleigh a copy of the Com-
nuinity Service W'eek Bulletin, Our Bureau of Extension has gent yovi a
copy of our Syllabus of Home Ounty Studies. If you have not received
these bulletins they may be secured by writing to the University or to W. C.
Crosby, Secretary, Raleigh. The purpose of both these pamphlets is to
arouse a deeper and more intelligent civic consciousness throughout the
State and to direct it along definite, constructive lines.
Local, national, and world, *onditions urge upon us the supreme oppor
tunity that will be offenxl to our State in the great exi»ansive etionomic and
intellectual movements of the decade. To take our due share of their bene
fits we nuist prepare ourselves energetically and in fundamental ways. These
pamphlets provide a clear, detailed and abundantly fruitful plan. They
point an open way. They tell how.
“Men and w'omen trainwl in our colleges and in the University may liere
show in a fine and productive fashion the splendid loyalties we profess, by
enthusiastically ent^ering this non-partisan campaign foi- a better, richer,
greater State.” ’ ’
A Hig'h School Debate
Do you have a public discu.ssion society in your community for the school
children or the adults? If so, the following brief discussion may be sug
gestive for an early meeting. If you do not have a society, write to the
Bureau of Extc-nsion of the University of North Carolina for a copy of a
mcKlel constitution and directions explaining how to organize one. For lit
erature on the subject given, writi! t« the Bureau of Extension at Chapel
Hill, or the North (lirolina Library (Commission, at Raleigh.
Other subjects for discussion will appear regularly in the Univei’sity NEWS
LETTER. J > ■
Resolved, That the present school law of North Carolina should be. ho
amended as to require all children betweenHhe agi^s of seven and fourteen
inclusive, who are not physically unable, to attemi six months ('ach year.
1. The Static should have the legal right to enforce as complete edncation
as possible of all children, because the efficiency of its citizenship would
thereby be increasetl.
2. The Statt> should have the legal right to insist that public money spent
iipon the public school system for the whication of all children of school age
should accomplish the end sought.
3. Compulsory educatioji within these limitiitions would increase tlie
s-hool enrollment and lengthen th»; time spent in school by each child.
North Carolina’s avt^rage in these two important respwts has bi>en very low.
1. Such an extension of the present law would result in the further in
fringement of individual liberty. One man has no riglit to dictate the
standard of education for another man’s child.
2. Such extension of the law would residt in further over-crowding of
schoolhouses and classes. It would result in very inefficient teaching
3. Other things are neededmore today than themeasuresuggested. Our
present law should be strictly enforced. Greater int«>rest shotdd be taken
in the school by the committee and leading citizens. The teachei' should
draw a better salary. He should study local conditions more carefully.
These things would count for far more in our school syst(>m an) for the in-
vidual child than the measure proposed.
A DOMESTIC SCIENCE DEMONSTRATION FAIR FOR
COMMUNITY SERVICE WEEK
What are the ladiejs of your conummity doing to make(Jonununity Service
Week a great big succe,ss? Why not go tfi work at once and arrange a lo-
mestic scienct- exhibit?
In every community there is always some woman who makes the very
best hiscuit-s, another who excels in bread-making, another who is famous
for the tine muffins she mak!s or for her neat, clean, and tidy kitchen, and
there is still another who knows how to “fry” meat, when frying is neces
sary, without sending the food to the table“swimmingin afiood of grease."
These women are domestic science experts and they ought to “get togetJi-
er” and give to each other and the general public a demonstration of that in
which each excels so that all may be benefited.
The ladies of a (!onmiunity (^lub in a little North Carolina village ar
ranged to give a domestic science demonstration “Fair,” as they called it,
and advertised that an exp(>rt lady instructor woidd be pi-esent to lecture
and to give practical demonstration in domestic science.
'I'o their great consternation, a few days before the appointwl time, the
lecturer sent w'ru’d that .she coull not conic. Of necessity th*y turned to
themselves for help and at once re.Holved that each would demonstrate at the
'Fair” that which .-(he coidd do best at home.
The following is the j>rogram which was successfully carried out to the xerv
great delight and benefit of a large crowd of visitors:
Bread making with pat‘nteil mixer, Patty cases. Cold Slaw, tfotfee making.
Cake making. Tomato canning, Tea making, Cooking—oil stoves, tireless
cookers, and chafing dishes.
I'here was also a display of labor saving devices such as mop wringers,
meat choppers, dothespin aprons, dish drain, a kitchen cabinet, carpet
sweeper, washing machine, oil stoves, and many other useful articles, all of
which were loaned by merchants in the village or by the lady owners them-
The demonstration was continued through the entire day and was vot‘d
a most helpful and in.stnictive affair.
Why caiuiot your community do something like this fjr Connutinity .Service
Wec'kand add plain anil fancy sewing and any other featmv that may ix;cur
to thosi' in charge ?
The Fair costs nothing and is worth much. It can be quickly arranged,
try it.—The University of North Carolina, School of Education, U'tter Se
ries No. 3.
FIRST IN NORTH CAROLINA
Some Carolina Club Findtaes
Bertie, first in miles of improved publii'
Scotland, first in per cent of public
roads improvetl—88 per cent.
.New Hanover, in density of populatii>n
—148 per sq. mi.
Gaston, in density of rural population
—84 per sq. mi.
(ruilford, in increase of population,
1900-1910—54.8 i>er cent.
Guilford, in increase of of rural popu
lation, 1900-1910—41 per cent.
Scotland, in p»>r-acre value of farm
Pamlico, in p(>r-acre increase of farm
land values, 1900-1910—321 per cent.
Si'otland, in average per-acre ci'op
Alleghany, in per capita wealth of
Alleghany, in per capita foxl and teed
.4she, in cattle per 1000 acres—81.
Johnston, in hogs jxm- 1000 acres—121.
Rol)eson, in total cotton picxluction 1913
Scotland, largest per cent of cultivated
acreage in cotton—57 pi>r cent.
Pitt, in total tobacco productiou---10,-
Greene, largest jier ci'ut of cultivated
acreage in tobacco--12 per cent.
Robe.son, in totnl cereals prcKluctiou-—
Burke, large,st per cent of cultivated
acreage in cereals--56 per cent.
.lolinston, in total corn prtKluction-—
Davidson, in tx>tal hay and foi-age pro
Unless otherwise indicatetl, the figure*^
above are taken from or based on the
THE NORTH CAROLINA CLUB
The following program for the year has
b(*en aimounced by the stf'cring commit
tee of the North (Jarolina (^ub at die
October 21 The Food Producing and
Wealth Retaining Powei- of North Caroli
na, Fit'd H. ^ culer of ('atawba County.
November 4—'I'he Decreasing Meat Sup
ply of North ('arolina and the Increasing
('Ost of Living, .1. DaniehKof Davidsoii
.November 18—LiK-al Paitking and Re-
frigeratiug Plants, W. K.'I'aylor of Frank
December H-5—(!el(>bration of Commu
nity Servic(> Week.
Decetnber 16—Are Farm Lands Beitr-
ing ail f’^jircasonable .Sh.'ire of the. Tax
.January 13—Debate. Question : A Stat'-
Wide Dog Tax for Schools.
iH’bruaiy 10—Th* Firmer’s Sluin^ of the'
Mareh 10—Orange County Club.
-March 24—l)ebat(‘. Question: Rtajol-
\h1, That home and farm owneiijhip is
beneficial to the negro and the communi
ty in which he lives.
;Aj)ril 7—Wake (!ounty ('lub.
April 21—Mecklenburg (lounty Club.
May 5 New Zealand’s Gradnat«11.4tmi
May 12—Final Rally.