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fNuMBfK 514. yvt!? WiLMiNGTOK-'N;' C." TueS-day,:;:.Nvi:;mbxr:- II, 18.06..
' 4:rt"M . . ..... . ,
Late and Important Jtfeivs. '
Received hift by the schooner Tryal of Bedford,
. capi. Barker, via,' fevt'Yorki
The' S1iip" Ocean, captain Gifdun, arrived
at Philadolphia'on Thursday in a . short pas :
frftltt Bordeaux.' She left that city we,"
understand on the eleventh of September,
awd theJordovan on the 17th.- The Phil- :
tlelplaia Papers merely notice her arrival, ae- :
coiapanied with the remark that Russia had
not ratified the late treaty concluded with
IVance by M. d'Oiibril, and that Lord Lau
derdale had nat quitted Paris. ".,'
We acknowledge oxtr obligations to a re
pectable commercial friend who verv jo!ite
if foyooVed' u With hz- Gazette dtf ranee, a
Pari paper of the. 6th September (inclosed
tolii-m. from his correspondent in Plviladel
plua) by whrtAr we are enabled to,lay beforo
tire readri' of ; the Mewcatilk i. Aotebti
skr this important tttteHigencu officially , and
varySat&i'etiVngobtcrvatious which have been
jnade upon it by the French '"Government.
lh letter from our frien.. cot-mpondent
mentions Lord ;Laudatrdales' being at Paris;
but adds, that he was momently expected to
take his departure, without having attained
tin: object -rf hi mission. On this subject the
(Janet ta di France affords no information.
We learn, aUo, that the diLfcrcnces ;be
tween Prussia and Sweden were on the point
of adjustment ; the former having retired
from the, mouth of the Elbe and Wc er, and
the province of Laucnburg having been ixslo
red to the I, .tier.
The Philadelphia papers by ttts morning's
mail will.in al' probability add considerably to
vnr present nock of European intelligence.
Tr9.u!itfscL$r t!t Mercantile Advertiser.)
Paris, Sept. 5.
The treat cf peace between France and
.Russia-lut not been ratified by the emperor
Alexander. The official journal of to-day
contains ott-thit subject) the following dc
. tails s . ...
" 01 tht Ktgocia'.ion with Russia
" T!u peace of Presburg, thj treaty of al
I'tance between Prussia and France, and, a
bote all,, the moral, political, and military
.oooseqjencej. of the buttle of Ausicrlitz, have
rendered lu)a most completely impotent
-to iiitnrb the rcpoe of the continent, which
Was all llti t France desired.
" We have waited with as murh incerti
tude as patience, to know what slept would be
laVftt by the court of Russia, when M. d'Ou
bril arrived at Vienna; Out ministtr pien
ted himselfto M. (!e la Rochefoucauld, and
dimaUd pas- ports for Pa-i is.
" BI. de la Rochefoucauld had to wit fir
authority, lie acquainted his court wuh the
request nf the Russian minister, and he re
ceived orders to furnish M. D'Oobril with
pisp6ris immediately' ; but although it il has
always been the intention cf the Emperor iwt
to permit Russia to intermeddle imperiously
in thou inltifus winch ae not wulnn the
sphere of he? power, and in discussions fi.
reign to her localities; he did not the less tie
tire a reconciliation which tniglti be useful to
M. cTOubrii arrived at P.ris the Cth of
Joly ; he presented hiinie'.f to the minister
of exterior relations, and aQer several conver
sations he exhibited the full powers by which
lie w as authorized, in a form the most com.
piste and extensive, tjnegoclatc, conclude
in J sign a peace between the two states.
On tht report that wat made to th r.m-
pctor,- his majesty-named foe -his minister
plenipotentiary General Clarke, counsellor
of sta'ean'd secretary of the cabinet, chjrpcd
to treat, ronchidd and aiiin, in sirtua of pow
ers cnrresrKni?ini with those of M. d'Oubril,
petce wih the ETpfw of Russia.
The pltfntpjUmUriea dcotcd themselves,
ir'uH a rertln snd nnintemjp'ed attention,
totheb i'iitsf th? missinn with which they
see re chr td : nd at length, after a jreat
fl'imVr f CiifTrnr., lar.tf was siueJ on
fie i3'h ulv ; when that treity shi'l become
ki n ,U U'i',n wHI bur t-jMimony that
tht i iv if e wii j.xly ItnJ loboL'ipow
er. (f istfli'Tfi wers Im ncdiatcly ! cease,
anj thev di 1 c-i on the part cf Fral.ce.
The ftiStaMs wrre to haveteen exchsn.
r:d on the 1 3iH of Auitt and no douhl
Could atist Ataiat IS esrhaKv, btcattH
neOvUtofs cre rnowo tojiarc loncnjivcd
the cuiiH.lcfK of their ovcrti.Mis. ihty
had acted accohlin ti their precise ifts'rut
ti'tns) lltey hI ngK'uieJ in virtue of com
ptete and positive powers ; and not, is it of
ten bappni lo Tielaiim, where the no.
clamors are !iora t, wScthrrthey hate anf.
ficient utbvilty, with tbe cUea of tS tH
Vmrrheleos, f. Ru?Gn ehtnctjlor to
the catiauUte M France in Uuvaia. arrived ye
sterday f.w Pctcrsburgd, and brmsiiHe
MwsUtst in ewoaci'Mnf ofi cWnt of mil),
isters, by the effect f rev ptinciples io the
Roai jprtmmnt,'k(1 by' the savfdi.
nsry ascendancy which tht F.nlish Inttrest
Has Stained fri that ciTutmunee in the
tew' cabinet, the treat; cf the ZV.S u! iJj h;i
v- Hostirttlei betevten Frarrce and Kussla :
ire therefore to recommence. The men who
preside over the discords of nations, and who
make a jest df prolonging or of multiplying
the fatal epochs of war and dfthe disturbance
6f states, are highly enraged. The conque
rors of Ulm and of Austerlitz are again as
sembled under their standards, and near the
field of their trium'plis. Greater in 'number,
more formidable than ever, by that organi
sation winch jjs never been equalled and will
never b? rivalled, ihey wait with inpatient
hope the impulse of ths great soul which ani
mates them. "
4i Yet nothing con make us presume upon
the rerrewad of Ihe : conU.Veritnl War. Thedes-
'ttny of states is the secret iV Providence ; .
their happintss and tbsir glory ate in the
wis'dhm of ovcviiiiienis.
" In all cases, the Kir.prror, as well as the
French eople, are prepared for every event ;
and the armies of his m-njesty.will find them
selves in every 'quarter where.' it may be ne-
' cessary to combat to consolidate repose and a
durable -and glorious peace..
PidiPowsrs nf M. d'Ouiril.
" We Alexander. 1. Emperor and auto
crat of -all the Kmsias, ic. filing constant
ly a solicitude for the preservation of pence
ana tranquility in Europe, and atumated with
a sincere desire to put n end to the misun
derstanding nd to-re-establish harmony with
Franco uponfolid basis, hive thought good
to commit tliat care lo a . person enjoying our
confi lence. For this purpose we have made
cl.oice ofour well-beloved tind fnithful Prierre
d'Oubril, our counsellor of s'ate- knight of
the'ordrrs of Saint Wolodimir of the thiul
class, erf Saint Anne of the - second, and of
Saint John of Jerusalem, whom we c!iur,
name, and authorise by thrse presents, fer
tile purpose of attaining that end, to enter in
to conferences with him or tiiem who may be
sufficiently authorised on the part nf the
French1 Government, to conclude and sign,
with them an act or convention on a Ivimi
suitable for consolidating the peace which
shall Ire established between Russia k France,
ai well as to pare the way for a reconciti tti m
between the other high bellijerent powers of
" We promise, Upon our imperial word,
to have for good, and to execute faithfully,
all that whkh shall have been decreed and
signed by our said plenipotentiary ; and to
give our imperial ratification within the term
which shall have been promised.
' In faith of which, we have signed this
full power, and affixed to it the seal of our em
pire. Given at St. Pctershurgh the 30th April,
1 80S, and of our reign the sixth.
Countersigned, Prince Aosm C zabtpri-ski.
Certif.td, by translation conformable to the
. Pirbk D'Ouaati.
" LONDON, Sept. 6.
Price of iw-ka this day at one o'clock
Coiis-liol f 8 Omtiii.r 7 3 4.
LrJ Lauderdale will probably first learn
thr rjecti ) i of ih Hetty into which D'Ou
bril was Cajoled, frnm the dispatches which
were aent to him on fhursday, an I which he
may be expected to receive this evening.
lis was not apprised of it at the. time lie
dispatched Pasilico ; nor had he hid any
nietos of knowing it, except from some com
municat on with the Russian messenger,
who having left St. Petersburg!! previous to
the notification of the rejection, was most
I krly ignorant of it hwiitf. - The Frentli
government s ould naturally eTtdesvrr to pre
vent that communication and the multiplied
regulations of their police, to which, as a
native of a country wuh which thry were at
war, the Russian courier would be subject,
would afford them ample means cf effect
in it. He would eve.i find it a matter of
sime difficulty to procure the conveyance rl
letter to I-ord Lauderdale. I'm l-i it I ate
proceeded from what fsuse it initt, it is
a fact, we are assured, ihst Ll l..ler!slf,
two days after the arrival of lU Russ.an rns
senger, wis igiArjf,t r,f ihU in.por:srt de
termination. This very evsnln l i,
kiw il, an I Lis nvst io'vniew with 1 al
ley rand will he higUlf iti'crtktmgi irLajs
drrisivcof the fate o the negotiation.
It Is mentioned in Kttcis frvin UrtWn
that the king ef Prussia t is requited if.',
GrtnUny aliouldheevaruaiedby the French."
If H eh a demand has hern made, a war ho
tiaraf.e still not easily rtlmquisli lit UVJ
which he lia sjjwn (krmry.
Il is on .f tlu tniin p.lUrs f 11 present
vwer it is av.a of the chief sources of hit
fu ure eatirpnn Mj ambition. This lotel.
Ii iwe, we fear, tot comprehensive, sod
that the re'j.s,iiofi to withdraw from a eer.
tsln part e.f Germany his heet manifS,! in
toapvreita'ttory droaand ef evacos'lnji It
nefally. It h very l.kely, iiiwtver, lh
Prussia may rve ealM'upw France for
svn explanation respecting- the Intrntinn
with wh.ch large artnjr it ctHecitd ia the
Ytnerday tnoi nir-s; a servant of bis tseet
Ur.t; KuxttAJiia" irmci muh daauhci
to, government from Vienna. They relate,
we understand, -to the refusal of the Emperor j
of Russia to ratify the . treaty with: France, '
This important event it ia supposed, wa. '
known at, Vienna on the 2PUvult. Weiiave .
good grounds for believing that a. sya
tea of close and cordial consert bet,weca :
the courts of .Pcterabiirg,. Berlin, and Viefp
Mr is..mut!i newer, maturity thaji it, is sus-
pected to be,.. The Knrperor Alexander has
written personally to the Austrian and Prus
sin moiiarch, and is, we believe, well,
'disposed .to protect them, against any furth
er innulu or encroachments on the. part o!
Tiw war carried on in the Napolitan Terri. V
tory, is. it appears, of a most destrnctive
and murdei-ous nature. "We should not ex- '
cet-d niuch were we to say that lixt cattipain
in .the south of Itajy has cost the French al
most as many men as the campaign which
finished with the Wule of Austerjit?; always
excepting the loss on that eventual dwy."
The medical repovt respecting, Mr. Fox's .
health-was, 'yesterday, that he had suffered
the preceding night through the operation
of a tiied'u iue, 'the effect of which, however,
was highly beneficial. He afterward enjoy
ed a sound slerp, and arose with amended
health and spirits.
DjKiiing Stretlt Sept. f. "'
Copy or dispatch received yesterday, by sc
bi tlaiy Windham ;
Camp on the Plain of Maida, July 8, I ROS.
' Si a It is with ihc mot heartfelt satisfac
tion tlnrt I have the honor of reporting to
you for the information, of hit majeMy, the
particulars of a'i action, in which the French
armv, qtiartned in this province, have sus
tained a-signul defeat by the troops under
n;v ommand. Genual Rciiier, having
b'.n a;ipriz:d of our disembarkation at St.
Et.fen ia, i.i per rs ti hav- i.dc a rapid
march fiom Kigio, uniting, as he advanced,
hi !etach-il corps, for the purpose tr at
tackirv, a-i-l with his rharaclaiiuic conli
drnc" of dffi-ating us. On the afternoon of
the 3.1 inst. I received intelligence that he
had that dy encamped near M.xida, hbont
lu iiiL's distjnt irom our positioa; that hi
foice confuted Jt'the moment of about 4000
inl'm'trv Itid 300 cavatrv. toi'ttlitr inliTr fniif
,1 . ' - - r .--
li pieces of mtdlerr, and that he was in exper-
ra'.ioi ii u.-mg joined wilnin a day or two
lv 3 0'i m re troops, who M ire r.:aixhing
a.'Ur him in a second division. I dttninio.
i ed ihe'efitre to march towards hit position,
i 3 n .1 I.avinir left lour tomoatiies of Wntle-
j villc's i Kmient under tnaj. Fisher, to pro.
ten in; stores, auu occupy a woik which
ha-l been thrown up at our landing pl.ee, the i
xny of the army inarched next morning a-'
rccaMe to otdert.
General Uegnier was encamped on the
side of a woody hil!, below the silla f
Maida. s'.oping into the plain of St. Eufemia ;
his flanks were strengthened by a th'uk im
pervious underwood. Ihc Amsto, a rivfr
perfectly fiLblc, but of which the aides
are extremely marshy, ran along his fior.t;
my approach te him from the sea sdc
tbe borders of wh.ch I directed my t.ur.-.i,
until I had nearly turned his lelt, v as across
a spacious plain, which gave him cvciy op.
poitunity of minutely observit g rey Move
inents. After some loose filing of the
0 inkers to cover the depioiments cf the Uo
armies, by nine o'clock in the mornin;; the
pposio fronts were wsrmly engaged, when
the prowess of jhe rival nations seemed now
faiily to be at trial Ufore the world, and the
inferiority was grealy.d glorivily decid.
ed 11 be tiMT own. The corps which formed
the right rf the sJtuiced line, was the hat
ta!in of l.ht iiilaniiy commstidcd by lieu-U.i.r,'-fihnr
Kempt, consisting of the lic.ht
eoin,nif rf'he 20th, 27th, 3ith, S8th,6!st,
1st, and VVtvilVs together with i;o
tH":rrrba'alion nun cf the 3iih regiment, , i
uni'er nj'ir Rohinvoa. Directly opposed to '
1st Lrs'ie. The tw corps at the tWamc
of atxjul IQa yards fire 1 reciprocally' a few
ro-in!, when, ai if he mutual agreement,
tSe firing was impended, and In close com.
pat order and afut siUnre, Ihry advanced
lotsarus escu other, until itxlr bayoaett be
pan lo cross. At this momentous crisis the
enemy became appalled. They brke ami
cii'tratoted to fit, but it wit too late ; they
were overtaken with the most drtadful slatgh.
ttr. Ilr'tKsdivr genera! Aekland, wLose l.ii
gade stssimmcdiattty on tht left nf the i ;l t
Inf.Mry, with great stnnt availed himself tf
this favorable tnomtl.t to press instindy for
ward upon the corps h hit Iront, the brave
Tfhrtflmccl.con.maojf Jlyi;,ter,aftt-ct !(.
.-. is Rsmim, siwitr
ulveiooihitoctmoa. The enemy H-dith
ati lacieod, too the list rrgimtnt, ut.dir
iamr and Aituiltt tttatm iK.tn. !.', ik
. - . - v. . . ....
jsiaia covered with their it ad tut woondte!.
The tuomy hriojtthut eotnpJetely ttiscnmSt.
ed o th.ir led, kegtn make am eff-rt
itk 1 1 ,r right, la the hr?i of recovering
th day Thay weft rttiaied nvosl r.alUnlty
by the brigade unJtr brtgaihtr-gcctral
Nttfi lr eeoJ J thake the imcWlr.! Crnt
r f til (rtoiditri te&irr L'tuU C'vt
: 0'Callogban,.and of the,27th regiment un
der Lieut. CoL Smith. The cavslry, suc-
rccsiiytl)t repelled from -before their front,
.made an effort to. turn their left, when Lieut.
Col. Ross, who had that morning landed from
-Messina, with the 30th regiment, and was
earning lip to. the. army, during the action,
, having obserred the movemept, threw his
regiment opportunely into a email cover up
on their flank, and by a. heavy and wcll di
rected Ere, entirely disconcerted this at-',
tempt. .This was the last fetbie struggl of
' the enemy, who now, astonished and dismay
ed by the .intrepidity., with which they, were
assailed,' began precipitately to retire, leaving
the field covered wirii carnage. About 700
bouics of their dead have lietn . buried upjtv
the ground. The wounded and pritoae'rt id
ready in' our hands ((-among winch are Gen. '
Combere, tnd an aid-.do-ciiinp,' the lieut. col.
f ll.e Swiss regiment, and a long iUt f of
ficers ot different ranks) amount to above
JOOO. There are also-abov-l000 mete Jcl't
in Mori'tileune aii'd ll;e Ciffei en( jxsts bei wt eu
this and Reggit;, who luve mostlv. not Hied
their.rtadiness lo nuneiider when ever a liri-tish-force
shall be sent' to receive their sob
tuition and toj,roectihcin from the fu.y cf
the people. The peasantry are hourly hi ink ing
in fugitive's vho rp,rird in the woods
.and- mountains alter the battle. .In-rvhof,
r-.'evef bus the pride of our preS'.iinp'uMis
enemy been more keverely humldrd, nor th'j
superiority oi lite IJiuish iroopa u.yre g)a.
riou.Iy proved, ihaniu the tventa of this me
inoraWe day. . ,
Jlin nmjesty my perhaps. U;i deign to njr
predate more hlI Iy tfce cMeverptnts cf thig
httle army. wbtn it is known that ;h cotul
ulvision which jhe enemy wire said to be ex
pecting, had joined them the niijit h. r.,e
the action; no statement that 1 h", i.catd
of their nun.beri places them n'. . less cafcu
latiois than f 000 men. Our vigorous iu
fantry continued the p-usuit of ii)e ti ,.y:'S0
loughs they were.ahltr ; bi,t tshe lattj ' :..
percd in every direction, und we vtre" .
der the m-ressity of prestrvii g ur oit'vr,
the trial of peed became unequal.. ' The tc
tal loss of the enemy occasioned by this con
flict cannot be lesstlmn 4C00 im-n. When
I oppose tothe above-our own amali cem
partitive lost as undi-rneath detailed, his
majesty will, I trope, dis-.ern irs the fact, tlx
happy rffect of that ttal!ishel discipline .
to which we owe the triumphs by w!neli
our army h'as been Utily so hi-hly dis.
The arene of action was ton far fiom the
tea to enable us to rttivc uny direct co-opt ra
lioi: fnnu the raw, but admiral Sir Sidney
Su.ith. who had ri-med iin!,c bay iheevcn.
ing hefoic tUrction had dicted tueh a dis.
jxisitiou r ship j,i,d gnu-boats, as weuhl
havct,aestiy favored u hftd events t i lled
Us to it!:rc. 'lUe tolicituoe l.otievtr of
every parted" tie navy to be of use to us, tho
piorn;iiui!e tot'i which the sran.cn hotter,
rd cn shore vv'ih fjUr supplies, their anile'
to assist our woiunieJ ar.d the Unrrr.rsi
wi'h tvl.it h thev tratid t!.cm. u...i.i i..
I 4 - ---- w..xj pat vj
been u t atfecttn 'circums aaeet'-an t.b ruer,
tun :!. most iud fim i.t. To me it waj
pellicular! q. Cspt. hd:&$,cf the .,,,;.
lo, ha Liirt SpC9llv Hlar,fd to h txprdi.
tion by thenar admiia!; anf, hi every cir
cumstance of I't-oO-taiot.al rrti'e, I tt(r
leave lo men: inn our giaieful obligatlont io
this rfTicfr, at well ?l to ccair.s CrkC
and Wats in agett of ransporta, who acted
nm'er his onltit. Capum Hi Ikely, n v aid.
'e-carup. who will l,ve the honor rf pit
tenting tint letirr to ycu, hit attended me
llroughuul the whole of ibe "'ervicei In tliV
Mediterranean, if) u ill there foil U able it
give ou every aduitic nl itifenration onthc
subject of my p-.sjsei.t cor.imut.aaton. j
a t i
save tne nonor to be, c.
J.'Svrwja. f.!. n.
Returnt ef killed md wcur dtd of tl.'elri
tish troopt under the ccmmird of Major
f-rn. Sir J. Stewait, in the battle on the
rin of Euphemii, ueir Muda, July 4.
To'il, I officer, 3 tr;cintt, 41 rick and
C!e killed J II bP.cers, a Mtjcktus, 2 dium.
meet, 161 rank and fde roun del.
Uy our French iajr. il t( rt that J
tome llusakrte. arrived at Cufwror n ,
and rMert 4 the liajr of the Fere! cm I e
tf August in the Vfeterin. On the
August f t fell i with the tjotbee fitei, cm.
si. ting tf II sail, eonvryH by Iwofcvau,
to,V 9 c.f the rn, end put ihe hands on Uinl
of American vessds. Daring a nuite ef
tine moatikt, tl e Pert dcttrayed uptrardi cf
SvO Lr.ghih merchantmen.
v We are sort v to state that he fore Mi. T.
r uhco ItR Pltlt the tt
iapor-.e h tkat c.plul
' loth, 'Unr,
tilico left Paru the rrisal .of Jtreme Uoo.
bid teen ir.noenied
Pf r-liT Uttitt (rtm ritmouih. we hafti
that the Niobe, of Zi tuns, arntrd tl fit,
hat brtmckt atcoumt that I.'Ori'rt it tlo
port whUh Jarr me l ad tie rood fottui.e
rttch. lit taorM toast, hooctir, of hit
couratt, fc.r te sat thaud ttt two 'a;t by
the Gtbnlrtr, rf lOtvr.t, lh fell iu ith
Limb (ore kt rear bed prt. Tie GiLiaPir
tjtttj tetf irarrutie iLtt Pi'ih itm
iwi!l ii'j'ry taLtnio fs.nw.t Cf intttirt,