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DESTRUCTION OF SMALL
THE FOUNDATION of free en
terprise is the opportunity to make
a profit. It is that opportunity that
attracts investments; those invest
ments create jobs, they keep Amer
ican business ticking. Remove that
opportunity to make a profit and
tree enterprise is dead. This ap
plies especially to small business.
When government encourages
workers to demand higher wages,
but, at the same time, refuses to per
mit higher prices for the commodi
ties produced by those higher paid
workers, government has taken
away the opportunity to make a
profit. Large business can, to
some extent at least, defend itself.
Small business is helpless.
Lawrence Sullivan, in Nation's
Business, cites hundreds of business
concerns, small, yes, but represent
ing thousands of jobs that have
been forced to close their doors, be
cause government has denied them
the opportunity to make a profit.
These small business concerns were
without sufficient reserve capital to
carry a loss month after month,
while they fought through the red
taoe of OPA to shnw thA
of a raise in price. To the nation,
and to thousands of individuals, it
has represented a permanent loss
in jobs, and in the production of
those commodities for which there
is so great a demand, and a need
if we are to escape that feared in
It seems all very mnch in line
with the avowed purpose of
those who would "make Amer
iea over." The bureaucracy
that proposes to plan for Amer
ica, to regulate and regiment
our business and people, has no
place for small business. Their
purpose is to operate big busi
ness. Small business must get
out of the picture. OPA, with
its control of prices, represents
the heart, of that bureaucracy
that proposes to "make Amer
ica over." It is the one great
est danger to American busi
ness. It has in the past, is now,
and if congress permits, can
continue to force the closing of
production plants, especially the
smaller ones. The bureaucratic
theorists do not want to fool
with the operations of small
plants. Their ambition is to
plan the operations of big busi
ness, but they want no small
business to confuse their plans.
The time will come when big busi
ness, despite their financial re
serves, will be forced to quit. Our
bureaucratic theorists see that as
the time government will take over.
That time draws nearer each day.
When it arrives our American free
enterprise will be dead. We will have
state socialism that will lead to a
totalitarian government. We will
have what they have in Russia;
what failed in Germany and Italy.
The government will then direct
what we will produce; what work
ers will be employed at what lobs.
for bow many hours, and at what
wages. Regimentation, with its de
tailed regulation, is more than a
threat; it is nearing the stage of
reality and OPA is the bureau that
is fostering it. ?>
? ? ?
"THE EMPLOYEES of this
town are sadly underpaid. They
should have an increase of as
much as 50 per cent," said the
big-hearted citizen. But when be
was shown such an increase
would cost him $00 a year in in
creased taxes he had a different
? # ? 1
FRANTIC DEMAND FOB
BEFORE THE WAR nylon, as a
leg covering, was .coming along in
popular favor by American women
at the cost of much expenditure for
advertising. War demand for that
comparatively new product sudden
ly created a scarcity, and nylon
hosiery disappeared from store
shelves. With the women it became
a popular subject of conversation to
bewail their inability to purchase
nylons. Doing without became one
of the great sacrifices women made
in the war cause. All the wealth of
the DuPonts, expended for adver
tising, could not have created such
a demand for their product as has
the nylon scarcity. Women who
had never worn, or had scarcely
heard of nylon stockings, insist on ,
having them today. War scarcity ,
created a demand it would have tak- .
en years of advertising to have pro
duced. Despite all evidences to the
contrary, women are not so fickle
as are men, and the nylon craze fol
lowing this war will last longer than
did the silk shirt craze that followed '
World War L
? ? ?
A UNITED STATES SENATOR
said recently: "The people can
no longer be aroased." If that
is true then "government of the
people, for the people" is dead.
? ? ?
THERE ARE SOME THORNS In
that "retired" mattress that looks
enticing to those who have been
busy working over many years.
? ? ?
THE LAST REMAINING few sf
any generation are mere to be pit
ied than envied. They survive In a
Tight Dress (San Be Altered
To Fit Wearer Comfortably
By Grtta MaLy
A nupce ?-? 1 ?
u vttuuo Liial uu yuu, anu jruu
' alone, is good value. It will
give you real pleasure every time
you wear it, no matter how inexpen
sive or expensive it may be. But just
what is meant by perfect fit, as
we know it today?
A dress that fits easily at the
shoulders without straining when
you bend or stretch is just right for
you. The shoulder seam should lie
about one-quarter inch back of the
center of the shoulder and be abso
lutely straight from neckline to
sleeve. The sleeve seam should lie
at the extreme edge of the shouider.
Now, how should shoulders be
padded? If you are square in the
shoulders, little or no padding may
be necessary. If, however, you are
rounded or sloping in the shoulders,
one or even two sets of pads may
Collars should lie flat without pull
ing or wrinkling. If there is any
tightness in sewing the collar, you
can bet on its wrinkling sooner or
later, particularly when the dress is
That taut look around the bustline
means, the dress is too small, and
chances are you do not look your
best in it. I'll tell you how this can
be remedied a little later, but in the
meantime, when you buy a dress or
pattern, get one that fits well across
the bust. It's possible, too, that an
other style might be more becom
ing ? one with fuller shoulders or
more fullness in the bodice.
Most dresses you buy will not
nestle down on your natural waist
line because most of us vary slight
ly from the average. But just where
is the natural waistline? Tie a tape
measure or belt around the waist
line and you will find out easily. (
Bend slightly to the front and the ,
tape measure will settle at the cor- ?
You can also determine the size
of the waistline accurately if the zip- '
// your dress is too tight ... 1
per slides open and shut easily with <
out straining. Don't try to gather in '
a too-large waistline with a belt. It 1
looks untidy and you're uncomfort- i
able. It's far better to refit the waist
An easy fit over the hips is a big 1
comfort. Sit down when trying on a
dress and it it doesn't ride up, you <
have a well fitting hipline. Length '
is also important. Most women are 1
wearing their dresses just below the t
kneecap, but this can be varied ?
slightly as looks best on you. Full
skirts should be slightly shorter and
snugly fitted skirts can be a trifle
shorter than average.
Armholes must be big enough so
that you feel at ease in them. When
trying a dress, move the arms up
and down. There should be no strain
On long sleeves, look for the elbow
easing to come right. This is at the
crock of the arm.
If you have chubby arms, do not
wear tight short sleeves with cuffs.
I dOtt ill il
Here's how to make it fit.
rhese will not only make the arm
look larger, but will not be com
If just the bustline is off, pieces
nay be added underneath the
ileeves to ease the fitting, and a
jolero can be made or purchased to
50 with the dress.
If you have a two-piece dress in
which you cannot make the skirt fit,
rou might make a darker skirt to go
with the jacket. Dark skirts are
rery slimming with lighter colored
jackets if you are full in the hips.
If you have a princess type dress
or a button-front dress, try contrast
ing panels down the center or on the
sides to add fullness. This is a good
way to adjust the dress for the
short, full figure.
If the waistline is too tight, and
the dress too short, with no hemline
to let out, consider placing a piece
}f contrasting colored material at
the waistline. This may be set in
wide or narrow as necessitated by
If the neckline is too tight, let
the shoulder seam out enough to
sase the strain on it. There is usual
ly enough in the seam allowance to
take care of this minor problem.
If your sleeves are too short, add
:rosswise bands below the elbow.
\dd this detail somewhere else in
he dress, too, so that it will look
is if it belonged.
If your skirt has stretched from
vear, adjust the bagginess at the
If the skirt is too short, add a band
>f ruching or ruffles or braid around
he hem. Several rows of gay rib
>on will also do the trick. Add this
letail to the sleeves, too.
Mercerized thread is recom
mended for most sewing because
it is strongest and easiest to use.
Select the color of thread by
matching closely to fabric.
Use correct needle and thread
sizes and test on a piece of mate
rial before attempting to stitch
Fine, sharp-pointed needles are
best for pinning. In pinning ray
on and taffeta, take care not to
marie up the fabric from pinning.
Adjust the tension to suit the
fabric and test on a scrap be
fore sewing the garment. Gen
erally speaking, a tighter tension
is more suitable for sheerer fab
rics, a looser tension for heavier
Stitch with paper underneath
the fabric when working with
sheer materials. This provides a
firm sewing base and prevents
When you have completed as
many single seams as possible,
get out the ironing board and
press them out. Seams should be
pressed before sewing other parts
Press each bit of binding and
facing after basting, and some
times before and after to assure
smooth fitting. They will be much
easier to machine stitch if the
fabric is pressed and seams are ]
Hattie carnegie's cosmopolitan
rait Is made of gray sharkskin
and favors the longer torso Jack
et. Saddle pockets aronnd the hips
accentuate the small waist.
Summer Fashion Notes \
Long full peplums and skirt i
iraperies are a high fashion note
hese days as the fullness over
he abdomen movement gathers
It's often been said that most
somen can wear blue. So, no mat
er what your type, you'll be seeing
>lenty of all types of bhies, but
>articularly blues that match the
?lor at sides and seas.
Look (or the South American influ- '
ence in play clothes and gay
cottons. They have a real soutb-of
If you have any lace tucked away
in the attic, now is the time to take
it out. Lace is appearing at the
neckline, on sleeve cuffs, pocket
trimmings and even hems. This is
one of dips fashion is taking into
prewar era of the first war.
I By Walter Shaad
Congress Lacks Courage
To Solve Our Problems
1 WALKED ACROSS the broad,
1 beautiful lawns of Lafayette park
with its century-old trees, toward
the White House. The fountain play
ing in the foreground beyond the
high iron fence, flowers in bloom,
sun bright, peaceful, as traffic rolled
leisurely up and down Pennsylvania
avenue. I flashed my pass at the
gate, and the guard waved me up
the paved driveway toward the
White House press room.
It wasn't a good press conference.
I felt sorry for the President, a
little embarrassed. For here be
was, heading the world's most pow
erful nation . . . the world's big
gest government . . . the world's
only great Democracy and he was,
figuratively, wringing his hands.
Why was he wringing his
hands? There is only one an
swer. Because the world's most
powerful nation, the world's big
gest government and the world's
only great Democracy is net
united behind him. Our power
Is being clipped and hacked un
til other nations who stood
shoulder to shoulder with us are
fearful. Our legislative branch
of the government is cringing,
supine, and there Is not a ves
tige of leadership apparent on
either side of the political fence.
What little legislation that Is
enacted is shot-gun legislation,
worse than none.
And our great Democracy, under
test at this moment as never before
in history . . . watched by the rest
ot the world ... is apparently fu
tile, running in circles, seemingly
rudderless . . . without unity, tack
ing this way and that with every
gust of a wilful wind.
Selfiehneae in Saddle
Why? Because personal selfish
ness is rampant . . . because arro
gant labor leaders grasp at mo
ments of national opportunity to
seek more power . . . because mem
bers of congress are afraid to face
facts . . . because farmers refuse
to sell grain at parity prices even
when their government offers a bo
nus, to feed starving fellow human
beings . . . because ranchers and
cattle raisers sell meat to the black
market so they can get more than
ceiling prices . . . because every
mother's son of us will buy from
the black market or any place else
in our scramble to get what we
want when we want it . . . because
manufacturers withhold goods from
market waiting for inflation prices
. . . because industrial and business
leaders grab the opportunity creat
ed by selfishness of labor leaders
to penalize all labor . . . because
congress, stung, as John L. Lewis
single-handed, defies the govern
ment and slows up the reconver
sion program in his grab for power
and money, fiddles and "deliber
ates" . . . because business men in
their mad grab for more money
would tear away the last vestige of
controls for a shibboleth they have
named "free enterprise" and which
is not freedom but license?and so
we are quarreling and squabbling
and stumbling and staggering . . .
and the world which looked toward
this nation as the hope of the world
... the one great, firm rock . . . now
gasps with amazement and horror,
their hopes rapidly fading.
'And We Jitter bag'
We have wealth, the produc
tive capacity la field and fac
tory, the raw materials, the
manpower, the know-how, the
consumer demand, the world
demand, we have everything In
clading the ampotees, the seal
weary veterans, the lama and
ha It-wounded, the hospitalized
victims of a world war . . . and
we hare the Ideal tor which
they fought and a quarter e( a
million ot them died. We have
the atomic bomb with which a
wavering congress is afraid to
deal . . . aad all h?unity fears
a craven man with a gm ia hie
hand . . . aad we jttterbng.
We are deadlocked everywhere
?long every front . . . our secretary
jf state makes commitments and
jur congress knocks the props from
under him and from under our vet
erans and members of the armed
torces. If congress had deliberately
?et out to sabotage and hamstring
Mir foreign policy they could have
lone nothing more injurious than
what they did do by voting their
rem personal selfishness on the se
lective service bill, responding to
?lection year pressures.
At this particular time in the
world's history there is no substitute
'or strength and this most powerful
istion is showing nothing but weak
less . . . all brought about by per
lonal selfishness and intolerance.
And when you watch this thing
lrst hand ... as It Is unfolded here
n Washington, it is not a pretty
hing to see, nor to contemplate.
Kit we going to let the rest of the
rorld down . . . are we going to let
Miraelves down . . ?? for what is
isppening is there for all to see . . .
t's In your town and on your farm
ind It's here in Washington
ft ^ a/\
Hessian Fly Always
Proper Sowing Dates
Protects Winter Wheat
By W. J. Dryden
Until recently little damage baa
resulted to spring wheat from the
hesaian fly. With winter wheat it
has been another question.
In the past two years several
states have reported outbreaks
? ? *
Hessian fly maggots beneath
leaf sheath In the soil.
among spring wheat. After n suc
cession of cool seasons with good. >
rainfall several outbreaks were re
ported. At the North Dakota ex
periment station it was found that
the Mida variety of wheat showed
a high degTee of resistance to the
hessian fly. The Mida was not im- 1
muse to the hessian fly, but its re- I
sistance was strong enough to make
loss negligible. \
Kansas State college found that ,
the Pawnee is highly resistant to ,
the hessian fly in that district. Oth- j
er strains have been developed in |
With winter wheat, the USDA has
determined the fly Injury may be
avoided by safe sowing dates. These
dates range from September 18 in
the latitude of central Michigan to
October 27 in that of central Geor
gia. The exact safe date in any lo
cality may be determined from
state agricultural specialists.
Portable Saw Aids
Converting waste brush and tlm
berland into profitable green pas
tures is an important Job being per
formed by new portable power saws
developed in the southwest as an aid
to farmers whose land is covered
by undesirable undergrowth.
In field operation the cutting blade
is horizontal. For cutting logs to
length, the blade can be raised to
a vertical position. The Kraft Foods
company are assisting farmers by
making the portable saw available
on a loan basis. By this plan they
hope to assist dairy farmers to pro
duce more milk on available acre
Wheel Foot Scraper
Foot Scraper Had* of an Old Iron
This type of foot scraper utilizing
an old wheel with a somewhat broad -
rim. The wheel la slipped over one
end of a round stake which has in
turn been driven into the ground.
About two inches from the top end
of the stake a hole should be bored
and a bolt thrust through to keep the
wheel off the ground, allowing it to
rotate and always present a clean
May Cause Pink Eye
Lack of vitamin A, brought about
by long periods of drouth or lack of
|reen feeds often causes keratitis,
dt pink eye, to occur in range and
pasture cattle. The condition may
also be caused by injury to the
eye which becomes infected with
the normal staphylococci and diph
ococci. Treatments suggested in
:lude milk eye antiseptic and as
tringents. The cattle should be kept
iway from duet during treatment.
SEWING CIRCLE PATTERNS
Emootkiu 3ittln9 ^foaytime .5rock
Eroik er an jSuterPLyCUe*
pOR delightful summer after
noons, a simple graceful frock
iesigned in a wide size range.
Wide extended shoulders accent
I slim waistline, the panelled
ikirt falls smooth and straight.
Use novelty buttons for a pretty
? ? ?
Pattern No. 8979 comes In sizes 14. .16,
16. 20; 40. 42 and 44. Size 16 requires 3%
yards of 39-lnch material.
Children's Play CMMi
GAY, practical play togs for tb*
sand box set. A wing sleeved
dress that buttons on the shoul
ders and side with pert apple
applique. And- overalls and sen
suit that are suitable for either
brother or sister. Mother will And
them easy to sew and very sturdy.
? ? ?
Pattern No. 1407 Is (or sizes 1. 3. X 4L
and 5 years. Size S. dress, 1% yards as
35 or 30-inch; overalls, yards; mm
. suit, 1 yard.
SEWING CI*CUE PATTOUV DIPT.
1150 Sixth A vs. New Task, N. ?.
Enclose 25 cents la coins flor eac*
Pattern No. ?
-f>? You can alao get thk cereal m Kellogg** VARIETY?4 dif
ferent cereal*, 10 generous packages, m one handy cartonl
W YOU ftAKl AT HOMI.:. hurry! Send for
Fleiachmann'a wonderful, 40-p?f# recipe
book. 70 teatad recipe* lor deticiom beeed.
roll*, rteaawt*. Eaay to make with FWacb
manri'* Freeh Active Yeaat?for the deiiciou*
flavor and fine texture that mean parfect
ha king aun.ee*. Send for your FREE copy
today to Fleiachmann'e Toast, Box 477,
Grand Central Annex. New York 17. N. Y.
"THREE O'CLOCK . . .
AND I HA VINT SAIPT'AWINK*
WAKEFUL NIGHTS?how the time drag*! Minutes
euu like boon, we worry orer things done end left
undone After each a night, we get up in the morning
more tired than when we went to bed. Nerroua
Tension cansee many a wakeful nifbt and wakeful
nights are likely to cause Nerroua Teuton. Next time
yon ieel Nervous and Keyed Up or begin to toes,
tumble and worry after you get to bed?try
(liquid or Effervesces t Tablets)
MILES NERVINE help* to ?w Noun Tankm?to permit ntahu*
deep. When you an Keyed Up, Cranky, Fid?ety, Wakeful. take Mile.
Nerrtne. Try it lor Nerroua Headache and Nervnoa Indl?eatioo.
Get MOea Nervine at your drur rtore. Efferreacent Tablets, Large Package
The, Small Package Me, Limnd/Xarge Bottle (l.aa. Small Bottle Sc. both
eqoally elective aa a eedativo. both gnaraoteed to aathfy or yoor money
bark. CAUTION?Take only aa dnectad.