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hij (Jjjhalham Record,
H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
EDITOR AS1) I'RomiETOK.
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Mecopy ,lx moiulm j-00
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One square, two Insertions, -One
square, one month, -
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PITTSBOKO', CHATHAM CO., N. C. JANTJARY 30, 1879.
Tor larger advertisements liberal contracts will be
Cheapest Goods & Best Variety
CAN BE FOUND AT
ired eyen Weet.
You can always Had what you wish at Lon
don's. He keeps everything.
Dry Goods, Clothing, Carpeting, Hardware,
Tin Ware, Drugs, Crockery, Confectionery
Shoes, Boots, Caps, Hats, Carriage
Materials, Sewing Machlnes.Olls,
Fatty, Glass, Paints, Nails,
Iron, Plows and Plow
Sole, Upptr and Harness Leathers,
Shawls, Blankets, Um
brellas, Corsets, Belts, La
dles Neck-Tics and Rail, Ham
burg Edgings, Laces, Furniture, fcc.
Best Shirts in the Country for $1.
Best 5-eent Cigar, Chewing and
Smoking Tobacco, Snuff,
Salt and Molasses.
My stock Is always complete in every line,
and goods always sold at the lowest prices.
Special Inducements to Cash Buyers.
My motto, "A nimble Sixpence la better
than a slow Shilling."
EaT" All kinds of produce taken.
W. L. LONDON,
Pittcboro'. N. Carolina.
H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
Attorney at Law,
PITTSBORO, N. C.
Jfc5-Speclal Attention Paid to
J. J. JACKSON,
AT TOR NE Y-AT-L AW,
PITTSBOKO', X. C.
tSPAU business entrusted to him will re
ceive prompt attention.
ft. H. COWAN,
Staple & Fane? Drj Goods, Cloth
ing, Hat, Boots, Shoes, No
CROCKERT and GROCERIES
RALEIGH, S. CAR.
F. II. CAMERON. PretiAtni. """"
W. E. ANDERSON, Viet Trn.
W. H. HICKS, Sey.
The cnlj Homo Life Insurance Co. In
All 1U fundi loaned out AT HOME, and
among oar own people. We do cot send
North Carolina money abroad to build cp other
States. It Is ooe of the most successful com
paalee of Its age In the United States. Its as
sets are amply sufficient. All Ions paid
promptly. Eight thousand dollars paid In the
last two years to families In Chatham. It will
cost a man aged thirty years only five cents a
day to insure for one thoaand dollars.
Apply for further Information to
H. A. LONDON, Jr., 6en. Agt
PITTSBOKO', N. C.
Dr. A. D. MOORE,
PITTS B OS 0 V. C,
Ofara ala srorMioasl amice to tta cltlsms .1
Caatkkat. With aa pritiM of thirty ysaia as
lp Ut gift atir saiUfMtioa.
Attorney at Law,
HTTSBOSO', N. C,
FrMtlee. la th. Coarta of Chatham, Haraatl,
M.t aad Oraags, a4 la th. Sapraaaad V
O. G. POE,
Dry Ooodj, Groceries ft General XerchaadiM,
All kiaia of Flows and Castings, Baggy
Katerials, Fnrait.re, etc.
FITTtfBOIlO', N. CAB.
I was sitting in my study.
Writing letters, when I heard,
"Pease, dear mamma, Mary told me
Mamma musn't be Msturbed.
But I's tired of the kitty ;
Want some ozzer ling to do.
Writing letters. Is ou mamma r
Tan't I write a letter, too V
"Not now, darling, mamma's busy ;
Run and play with kitty now."
"No, no, mamma, me write letterr
Tan If 'ou will thow me how.
I would paint my darling's portrait.
As big sweet eyes searched my face
Hair of gold and eyes of azure.
Form of childish, witching grace.
But the eager face was clouded.
As I slowly shook my bead.
Till 1 said. "I'll wake a letter
Of you, darling boy. Instead."
So I parted back the tresses
From bis forehead high and white.
And a 8tanip In sportflpaated
'Mid Its wavcs.of golden light.
Then I said, "Now, little letter,
lo away and bear good news
And I smiled as dowu the staircase
Clattered loud the little shoes.
Leaving me, the darling hurried
Down to Mary In his glee ;
"Mamma's writing lots of letters ;
I's a letter, Mary nee I"
No one heard the little prattler
As ouce more he climbed the stair.
Beached hla little cap and tippet,
Standing on the entry stair.
No one heard the front door opeu,
No one saw the golden hair
As It floated o'er his shoulders
lu the crisp October air.
Down the strwet the baby hastened,
'1111 he reached the otHce door ;
"I's a letter, Mr. I'ostmau ;
Is there room for any morj 7
" 'Cause dls letter's dolu' to papa ;
Iapa lives with God, 'ou know.
Maiunia sent me for a letter ;
Does 'ou find 'at I tan gor1
But the clerk In wonder answered ;
"Not to-day, my little man."
"Den I'll find anozzr office ;
'Cause 1 must go If I tan."
Fain the clerk would have detal tied hint,
But the pleading face was gone.
And the little feet were hastening.
By the busy crowd swept on.
Suddenly the crowd was parted,
People fled from left to right,.
Asa pair of maddened hores
At that moment dashed in sight.
No one aw the baby figure;
No one saw the golden hair.
Till a voire of frightened aweeineM
Kang out on the autumn air.
'Twas too late a moment only
Stood the beauteous vision there :
Then the little face lay lifelesn.
Covered o'er with golden hair.
Reverently they raised my darling.
Brushed away the curls of gold,
Saw the stamp uin the forehead.
Growing now so Icy cold.
Not a mark the face disfigured,
Showing where a foot had trod ;
But the little life was ended
Papa's letter." was with find.
THE ETCHIN DIAMONDS.
Arthur Stan gate, attorney-at-law, was
my brother, lie had succeeded to my
father's business, and no name was mure
esteemed and trusted in all Runmngton,
and it was a rich and important place.
My brother's offices were in the town, two
miles distant, but he did almost as much
business among the gentry at his own
Most of the great folks employed him;
but his best client was sir i,tchin Jxkforu,
a ci-devant Indian judge, very wealthy.
and the possessor of some rare and costly
jewels, known in this country as the
Etchin diamonds. Their name even
makes me shudder now.
One evening, as Arthur was prearing
to return to his office, where important
business would detain him all night, Sir
Etchings groom left a parcel, with a note.
The latter stated that the former contained
the famous Etchin diamonde, which their
owner thought safest to entrust to Ar
thur's care, as he bad been unexpectedly
called to London.
I don't care what deeds they leave
with me," said my brother; "but I don't
like 6uch trusts as these. Still, I suppose
I must keep them."
Of course he could not send them back;
so taking the parcel he at once proceeded
to his study to lock it in the iron safe. I
went with him, and with a woman's curi
osity and love for jewelry, besought a
peep at the gems before they were put
Arthur, the best brother in the world,
instantly removed the paper cover discov
ering a square morocco box, brass bound,
with the key tied to the handle. Opening
it, he showed me the gems. They were,
indeed, magnificent, set in massive Indian
fashion, while many of the diamonds
were yet uncut. One by one, bracelets,
bangle, necklets, Arthur lifted, and
flashed in the lamplight before my dazzled
lie was holding a superb emerald and
diamond necklace in his hand, for my
admiration, when happening to raise my
eyes, a cry of alarm burst from my lips,
"What is it, Nell?" asked Arthur.
The man!" I replied. "See, the
window is uncurtained, and I am sure I
saw a man looking in from the tree out
side." 'Nonsense! ' cried Arthur.
Nevertheless, he flung up the window,
called, and gazed in every direction.
There was nothing not a sigh, not a
sound; and assured as I was that I had
been mistaken, he fastened the latch, and
dropped the curtain.
As, however, he was about to put away
the diamonds, I said, "Arthur would it
not be better to place them in the safe in
your bed-room ?"
He agreed in the advisability, and
locked them up; then, having cautioned
me to see well to the house-fastenings,
and asked again if I was not really fright
ened to remain alone all night with only
the servants Jane and Jenkins, he left
for town. I saw everything secure and
went to bed early, locking Arthur's bed
room, and taking the key with me.
It was long before I slept. "When I did,
I was almost immediately aroused by a
slight sound at my door. I asked who
was there. Jane's voice answered in a
cautious whisper. Seeing something was
wrong, rising, I admitted her. No sooner
had she entered than, quickly closing the
deor, she fastened it and exclaimed, in
accents of terror:
"Oh, miss! what shall we do? For
nfercy's sake make no noise don't get a
light. Burglars are; breaking into the
house, and I'm sure Jenkins is their accomplice."
4 'Burglars!" I cried. Then the thought
of the face flashed across me. "Gracious
powers!" I exclaimed; "they are after the
Ciicnin diamonds 1
I saw it all. The groom's errand had
been divined; my brother's absence was
known, and, by Jenkins' treacherous aid,
the place was being attacked. I dropped
stunned on the bed. Then I started up.
At any cost even life the diamonds
intrusted to Arthur must be saved. Hur
riedly I dressed, and while doing so, I
heard the soft sound of persons moving in
"Jane," I said, having explained all to
the faithful girl, "1 must get Sir Etchin's
"How, miss? If you go into the passage
they'll murder you."
" True; therefore I must get out by the
window. They will not hear me, for they
believe the box is in the study, and it
will take them long to discover their mis
take." Opening the window, I got out on the
veranda. How fearfully it sloped !
Could I do it ? Yes. by pressing my feet
against the gutter. Slowly I went, foot
by Toot, until I reached Arthur's window.
My heart leaped as I found it unfastened.
Quickly I entered, opened and relocked
the iron safe, and with the diamonds,
more slowly and with greater difficulty,
Reaching my own room I did not enter;
for what could two helplces women do
against strong, evil men, bent on plunder?
Indeed, 1 ordered Jane toteara sheet into
threads, having attached which to the box,
1 bade her to lower it to me. after I had
descended by the trellis.
bhe aid as 1 directed, then joined me,
we carried the box between us as we ran
from the house.
We had not gone a dozen yards before
the dread of pursuit and having the dai-
monds wrested from us, possessed me.
"Jane,' I said, "this will never do.
Let us make for the hollow oak. We can
put the box in that; they'll never rind it
before help comes.
Hastening in the direction together, we
managed to raise the box high enough to
reach the hole, and I toppled it in. It fell
with a heavy thud. I knew it was safe,
I then told Jane to run to Hawthorne's,
the nearest house, arouse the people, and
bring some of the male servants back. She
wanted me to go with her, but I dared
not leave the neighborhood of the tree,
iest any miserable chance should occur of
the burglars rinding the treasure. Crouch
ing among the bushes soipe yards off. I
bade the girl to hasten.
Scarcely had she gone than a noise in
the house attiacted my attention. My
tlight with the j'-wels was discovered.
My heart stood still, and the blood in
every vein turned cold. With Jenkins
there were three of them. Through the
darkness, I could see that they were beat
ing and searching the bushes. The' had
guessed we could not carry the box far,
and evidently were in hics of finding it
before help came.
Twice, thrice, they approached so near
to where I was that my hair stood on end.
The fourth time it was Jenkins himself
I knew him, despite his craje mask that
drew aside the branches and discovered
With a cry I endeavored to fly, but the
burglars instantly secured me. Hardly
can I descrilx; t!.e scene that followed.
It makes mv flesh now creep with terror,
They looked around for the lox, and not
linding if, with awful oaths and threats
bade me say where it was. My only re
ply was to shriek aloud, until they checked
me by blows, and finally by placing a re
volver at my bead. 1 implored mercy;
but l remained iirm. 1 leit my senses
leaving me; the, too, saw it, and by twist
mg.my arms to create exquisite torture
aroused me. At last one exclaimed:
"It won't do to tire. It'll bring others
upon us. Gag her and take her along Jto
To the lake! What were they going to
do? Drown me? Mv brain swam; but I
resolved to remain firm, and save the dia
monds. Reaching the edge of the water,
the villians, taking me by the shoulders.
laid me back in the lake, pressing my
head leneath the wat er. My mouth being
gagged I could not cry out, and never
shall 1 forget the horrible eensation.
Surely I felt dead then!
Ever' few seconds they raised me to de
mand the whereabouts of the diamonds,
I answered by a shake of the head. 1 low
long ail this lasted I cannot tell; but ab
ruptly a fearful noise sounded in my ears.
I felt the water was rolling over me, and
I was conscious no more.
The immersion caused the most curious
sensation I ever felt in my lile before I
became unconscious. Mv breath went
and came at fitful intervals, and I had a
painful sense of smothering or suffocation
which paralyzed my brain and deadened
all power of volition. I could not sreak
for the life of me, neither was I able to
offer the slightest resistance to my would
When I came to, I was in my own room
Arthur was near me, and the first words
he said were:
"My brave Nellie! You have saved the
Etchin diamonds. The help Jane brought
arrived just when the ruffians flung
you into tne lake; but they are all cap
It was a considerable time before
morongniy recovered trom the nervous
fever that awful nieht occasioned.
One day Arthur came to me smiling
"See, darlinjr!" he said, "thwe villians
brought a few threads of silver to your
hair, but" and he held up a magnificent
bracelet "they have put gold on your
wrists. The baronets ask you to accept
this for your bravery in preserving the
We suppose that ludicrous thing
will continue to occur during church
time. Everj- body has seen them and
smiled at them. The last in stance that
has come to our knowledge is that of a
clergyman in C , who while preach
ing a few Sunday evenings since per
ceived a man and woman under the
gallery in the act of kissing each other
behind a hymn-book. Instead of be
coming excited at tbe spectacle or
losing temper, he beamed mildly at
them over his spectacles, and when the
young man had kissed her the fifteenth
time, he merely stopped short in the
middle of '-thirdly," and offered a
fervent prayer in behalf of "the young
man in the pink neck-tie and the
maiden in the blue bonnet and gray
shawl, who were profaning the sanctu
ary by kissing one another in pew
seventy-eight." (The young woman
pulled her veil down, but the young man
got angered. Every body else smiled.
A GOOD FATHER.
Dr. Graham having passed a verv
creditable examination before the
Army Medical Board, was commis
sioned as assistant surgeon in the
United States Army in 18, and or
dered to report for duty to the com
manding officer at Port McKavett,
Texas. There were no railroads in the
western country at that time, and the
usual way ot getting to Texas was by
the Mississippi river to New Orleans.
and then crossing the Gulf to stage it
up through the btate. Dr. Graham
was very desirous ot examining the
Western country mineralogicallv. so
applied and received permission from
the War Department to go by way of
Arkansas and the Indian Territory to
On his arrival at St. Louis he shipped
the greater part of his baggage by way
of the river, and, taking only what he
could carry on horseback, started on
his journey. While in St. Louis, at
the Planter's Hotel, he formed the C
quaintance of a gentleman who, learn
ing where he was going, gave him a
letter of introduction to his brother.
who was a farmer, living on his route
in Arkansas. It is not necessary for
us to follow him on his road, or tell
what discoveries he made in the inter
est of science; sufficient it is that one
day towards dusk, he reached the
house of the gentleman to whom he had
the letter, and, dismounting, knocked
at the door and presented his letter to
the judge (even in those days every one
was a juoge in AXKansas), wno would
not have needed it to have accorded
him an oien-handed welcome; for tra
vellers were a God-send, and news was
as much sought after then as now.
After a short visit, he proposed to go on
to tne next town, about tour miles off.
where he intended to put uo for the
night. The Judge would not listen to
his leaving, and was so cordial in his
desire for him to stav that he would
have been rude not to have done so.
The Judge, after directing one of the
servants to attend to his horse, invited
nun into me dining-room, where ne
was introduced to the wife and daugh
ter of his host, and also to a substantial
western supper, to which he did ample
After supper they adjourned to the
parlor, and he entertained his new
made fiiends with the latest news from
the outside world. The Judge brewed
some stiff whisky punch, which Gra
ham, socially inclined, imbibed quite
freely. I he old couple retired, and left
their daughter to entertain him; and
whether it was the punch or what, at
all events he made hot love to her, and
tiuany asked her to be his wife and go
to Texas with him, to which she con
sented. She, being very unsophisti
cated and innocent, took everythiag he
said in downright earnest, and with
her it was a case of -'love at first
But I am anticipating. During the
night our friend, the doctor, woke up
and remembered what he bad said, and
it worried him; but he said to himself,
after emptying his water pitcher,
-'Never mind; I'll make it all right in
the morning. I must have made a fool
of myself. She's lovely, but what must
she think of meV and rolled over and
went to sleep again. Morning came,
and upon his going down to the parlor,
he found the young lady alone, for
which he blessed his lucky stars, and
was just about to make an apology,
when she said:
"I told mamma, and she said it was
all right,7 at the same time giving him
a kiss which nearly took his breath
away. "Papa is going to town this
morning, dear, and you ride in with
him and talk it over; but he won't ols-
ject. I know."
"But, my dear miss, I was very fool
"No, indeed, you were all right."
"Well, I will go to my post and re
turn for you, for I must go on at
"No; I can go with you."
"You won't have time."
"Oh yes I will. Papa will fix that.
It would be such an expense for you to
come back all the way here."
"But I have no way of taking you.''
"I have thought of that; that does
not make any difference. Father will
give us a team."
With nearly tears in his eyes he went
into breakfast, to which at that mo
ment they were both summoned; but.
alas! appetite he had none. It was not
that she was not pretty and nice; but
he thought what a confounded fool
she must be not to see that he wanted
to get oat ot it. But it was no use.
When the Judge started for town, Dr.
Graham was sittine beside him. The
Judge saved him the trouble of broach
ing the subject by starting it him
"I always, young man, give Nell her
own way; so it is all right; you need
not say a word."
"But I've got to go on to-day."
The old Judge turned his eyes to
ward him. He had an Arkansas bowie
in each, and one of those double-barrel
shotgun looks, as he said, "You ain't
a trying t get out of it, are yon?"
The Doctor, taking in the situation,
said, promptly, all hope being gone.
That's right. I will fix everything
for von. give yon that black team of
mine and a light wagon to carry your
wife's things" (here the Doctor ahud
dered), "and a thousand as a starter.
Yon can be married to-night and leave
early in the morning. That'll suit,
"Yes, sir," answered Graham
faintly; but on the Judge turning to
ward him. he said. "Yes. sir, cer
"After you get fixed at your post
will comedown and pay you a visit.
have been thinking about selling out
and moving to Texas for soma time
it's getting crowded here, and things
are a-moving as slow as 'lasses in win
Things were arranged as the old
Judge said. The marriige took place
and the armv received an addition to
its ladies in the person of the Arkansas
Judge's daughter, and Dr. Graham has
never regretted the obduracy of his
father-in-law or the nnsonhisticfttflrl-
ness of his wife. Harper's Magazine,
A HOUSE OF RESCUED CHILDREN.
About six hundred children of both
sexes are taken care of at the House of
Refuge, in this city, partly at the ex
pense of the State, partly at the cost of
me city, ana partly by contributions of
arge numbers ot charitable oeonle.
many of whom are now dead. They
have been placed in the House, in large
proportion, through committal by the
Courts of this and other counties as
juvenile offenders against the laws.
and, in many instances, at the solicita
tion of parents or other guardians be
cause the children were unmanageable
outside. They are in course of disci
pline to draw them away from evil
companionship and evil ways, and of
training in habits of order, cleanliness,
obedience and industry, ajid they are
being instructed in the elements of a
common school education, in regular
worn at, iraoes or otner useful occupa
tions, and in good morals, with the
beneficial surroundings of home in
fluences. To make an inspection of this insti
tution the Board of Managers sent
invitations to Senators and members of
the Legislature, the Judges f the
Courts of that part of the State entitled
to commit juvenile offenders to the
House, and a number of citizens who
have shown earnest interest in tbe
welfare of its inmates; and about
seventy of these assembled at the
House of Refuge yesterday. It was
the design of the Managers to show
their official and other visitors the
nature and objects of the institution;
how it is in its essence a reformatory
school and not the prison some suppose
it to be; how its methods for the reform
of its inmates are carried on; and what
are its results in the wav of rescuing
the children committed to its care from
their former surroundings of neglect,
vice and crime, and in putting them on
the way to becoming well-behaved and
useful men and women in their after
life. So far as this design could be
promoted by explanation and opportu
nity tor inspection, it was accomplished
yesterday during a most interesting
visit and inspection, lasting from four
to five nours, through the dormitories,
dining-rooms, school-rooms, work
shops, chapels and play-grounds, the
inmates being all assembled, the boys
in their departments and the girls in
The visitors saw some six hundred
children, clean in their persons, com
fortably, though plainly and inexpen
sively clad; obedient, orderly and en
tirely manageable in their deportment;
bright and happy, if their expression
and action may be taken as proof; and
advancing in school education and
knowledge of useful wotk, so as to pas
ses some of the means of which they
had been formerly deprived for taking
earo of thomsel vea when they ahall an
out to the duties and responsibilities of
life. The attention of the visitors was
then called to what was the condition of
these children, and to the evil fate that
must inevitably have been theirs, it
they bad been left to run the course
they had entered. Some of them had
parents that neglected them and al
lowed them to run wild; some had help
less parents that could do nothing for
them; some had drunken and debased
or criminal parents, who taught them
nothing but their own evil example;
some had no parents, nor any one to
look after them and all of them had
been surrounded by some form of
demoralizing influence that led them
into vicious habits or offences against
the law. Very few of 'them had
what the rest of the world call
"Home." Within the shelter of
the Refuge all this had been changed.
Those had a home that never knew
home before; they were clean, who had
never been clean in their lives until
they entered the Refuge; they were
tidy and comfortable who had never
known such a thing as a whole or
wholesome garment; they were at work
who never understood tne meaning ot
useful industry; they were seeing the
light of education who had been in the
dense darkness of ignorance, and they
were surrounded by good influence
whose ears had been habituated to
coarse, foul and shocking talk of every
description. More than this, society
had been relieved, not only irom the
pests these boys and girls were, but
from their future progeny, who, in
accordance with known results, must
have,mult.iplied the census of vice and
Possibly it may not have been strictly
necessary for the Managers to make
this special exhibit of the nature and
the beneficent work of their institution,
but itjwas well to do so, as it has not
heretofore been as well understood oy
the Legislature as it must certainly be
hereafter through the Senators and
members who made the visit yesterday.
These, we believe, saw that tne insti
tution needs tne fostering encourage
ment of the State for the good of the
State, as well as for the individual
good of the rescued children within the
shelter of its walls. Philadelphia
The Giffard great captive balloon.
in Paris, ws disinflated a few days ago
without accident. The following sta
tistics in connection with the enter
prise maybe interesting. The Tuil
leries grounds were opened to the public
during KXi days, but the balloon was
unable to work, owing to the state of
the atmosphere, during thirty days.
The number of ascents was 1023, the
number of passengers 34,000. Tbenum
ber of pioneer balloons sent np 25. Du
ring this period the sum of 840,000
francs was collected. The expenses of
building tbe balloons, of machinery,
and working, reached about 500,000
francs, so that the enterprise was a
An Irishman, upon his arrival in
the United States, noting tbe great
number of military titles, exclaimed,
"What a power of a battle has been
fought near here where all the privates
CONFISCATION OF THE AMERICAN
Hitherto one of the special features.
and, we believe, special permits, of the
American patent system has been the
issuing of patents for invention with
out restriction or drawback in the wav
of after charges or conditions. An in
ventor applies for a patent, and, if his
claim is good, the patent is granted;
and there the matter rests for the allotted
term of years. The patentee can sell
or transfer his right the same as other
property. He is not obliged to develop
the invention commercially, nor to pav
any more fees. If through disinclina
tion or inability the patent is not used,
the right to use it is not forfeited. Of
course the presumption is that the
great mass of patents, if workable, will
be worked, and the country will begin
to profit thereby without delay. If
not, the life of the patent soon expires.
and the invention falls into the common
slock of knowledge, to be used or ne
glected as its value may determine.
uur readers are aware that in the
proposed amendment of the patent law
(Senate Bill 300, section xi.) an attempt
is made to abolish this feature of the
law. The reasons for so doing are suc
cinctly stated in the report of the
Patent Committee submitted to the
Senate March 8. We quote:
One inconvenience of the enormous
increase in the number of patents grant
ed is that many of them are for things
of inconsiderable practical utility.
Such patents are not merely useless,
they stand in the way of every future
inventor who may wish to make an ad
vantageous use of some little feature
which forms an incidental part of them.
There are really obstructive intents;
the thing they describe is useless in
itself; they do not disclose an invention
which will be so valuable when the
practical difficulties of applying it have
been overcome as to lead any one to
spend time and money in the endeavor
to overcome them; they lie dead and
useless, practically abandoned as worth
less by their owners. Such patents
have no reason for existence, for they
neither constitute nor create any pro
gress in the useful arts. Something
can be done in instituting a better ex
amination when they are granted, but
not much, for attempts at the outset
to judge of the degree of future useful
ness are found by experience to lead to
fatal mistakes. The examination must
be confined to the question of novelty.
"Section 11 undertakes to extinguish
these worthless patents, by requiring
the payment of a fee of &50 when the
patent is about four and one-half years
old, and $100 when it is about nine and
one-half years old. The sums are large
enough to make an owner think twice
about paying them for a patent which,
after four or nine years' trial, holds out
no prospect of usefulness, while at the
same time they are not too onerous for
patents of any value. The plan is in
use in England, and in a modified form
on the continent of Europe, and judg-
tries will probably extinguish one-half
of the patents granted. It will take
hold of just those patents which, use
less themselves, reappear in the form
of reissues, and cause those annoyances
for which the worthlessness of the in
vention and not the ability to obtain
the reissue is really responsible."
This reason we hold to be clearly
fallacious at several points.
Grant that many patents are of in
considerable practical utility, shall we
therefore rob the inventor of that little
because it is small?
How can a patent, or the idea which
it covers, be justly called worthless
and at the same time desirable to
another? A.'s patent is undeveloped
and worthless. Why J5ecause 15.
wants to use it! "It is naught, it is
naught." saith the buyer. Shall the
government, therefore, agree with him
to the detriment ot tne owner t
If a patent really lies "dead and use
less, practically abandoned as worth
less" by its owner, will it be killed any
deader by legislative enactment? A
patent that is dead through inherent
worthlessness is as incompetent of harm
as an v other worthless bit of paper. If
it has lite enough to be an object of de
sire to anybody, there is no reason why
the would-be user should not pay for
the privilege of owning or using it.
There is no danger that he will pay
more than he thinks it is really worth
lnt, it is argued, itisdesirable to get
out of the way patents that are worth
less and yet may be reissued and so
become troublesome, will tne reissue
of a patent on an inherently worthless
invention give it force and vitality i
It sometimes, indeed quite fre
quently, happens that an invention is
"practically" worthless lor many years,
not through its own demerit, but be
cause the inventor foreruns bis time.
Financial success implies an immediate
demand, which does not always exist
for an invention that is radically novel
and valuable. The invention, even
when unprofitable, may greatly hasten
the social or industrial changes which
in after years will make it a great pub
lic benefit and also a source of profit to
the owner. Shall we, therefore, punish
the inventor by confiscating his pro
perty because be invented too soon i
In how many cases is the inventor
urged on by the hope of ultimately
educating the community np to the use
of his invention, though tbe immediate
prospect is black enough, and so is en
couraged to make and develop his in
vention to his own cost through many
years? Take away the assurance that
his patent once gained will hold his
right until the community grows up
to the appreciation of it, and you take
away one of the strongest inducements
to invent. "Even if I die before my
reward comes,' the inventor says, "the
patent will remain as a legacy to my
family." Very often it is all he can
hope to leave them.
There is another way of looking at
Suppose if true that a certain per
centage of the patents issued are at
once worthless and a hindrance to the
progress of the arts. How large is
that per centage? There are in force
to-day. say, 100,000 patents; we believe
that the actual number is even greater
than that. How many of them are a
source of "annoyance" through patent
litigations and the like? To say one
per cent, would be a gross exaggeration,
and certainly not more than half of
these would have fallen under the ex
terminating influence of the proposed
rule had it been in operation.
Accordingly, to get rid of a few
patents, alleged to be mischievous, it
is proposed to subject the entire class of
future patentees to penalties at once
uncalled for and unjust. Grant all
that is charged against the "worthless"
patents, so called; to get rid of them
by such mesns would be paying al
together too much for the whistle.
A Pittsburg justice has decreed
that a flag pole in a public highway,
even with the glorious stars and stripes
flying from it, is a nuisance and must
It is believed that the Colorado
potato-beetle is abandoning the culti
vated potato and returning to what has
been discovered was its first love the
Mr. James T. Fields, in his lecture
on the poet Byron, says that the late
Dr. Lyman Beecher became so inter
ested in the author of "Childe Harold,"
and so eager to help him morally, that
he thought at one time of going to Eu
rope to convert the poet.
The Boston Traveller complains
that the streets of that city are not
swept, and says that there are men and
women, too, in the city who are wear
ing old clothes because the streets are
not in a suitable condition to allow
them to wear better garments.
Herr Walther has given his library
of Goethe literature to the Goethe So
ciety of Vienna. It contains over 400
works, many of which are rare editions
of the poet's writings, publications
concerning him and translations of his
poems into various languages.
In Australia the telegraph wires
are preserved irom being tampered
with by having a device attached which
conveys an electric current to any one
who touches them. Thousands of miles
of wire are thus protected without
w atching, the natives being in terror
oi tne poies.
The San Francisco schools, among
many other good things, have a corps
of twenty-two substitute teachers.
TLey are paid S3 a day for actual
service in a primary class, $4 in a gram
mar class, and $1.50 for remaining at
the office half a day to answer calls.
They report regularly every morning
at the rooms of the board and are sent
out to various schools on the receipt of
An old gentleman in Key AVest
took his son's watch to show him how
easily he could be robbed,- and then
asked him the time. The yonng man
was uisirewseu to flui uia
been stolen. "Never mind," said his
father, "I took it to show you how
easily you could lose it; here -it is."-
But as he felt in his pocket to return
it, he was surprised to find that some
thief more adroit than himself had taken
An eager and unknown young man
called upon a clergyman in Warren, R.
I., a day or two ago, and said he
wished him to marry him to a young
lady later in the day, and had set his
heart uiKn o as the fee that he should
pay for the important service; but, un
fortunately, he had but $3, and wonld
like to borrow 92 of the clergyman to
put in the envelope with it. The clergy
man was worldly wise, and the youth
went away without the $2. And he
did not come back to be married.
The Government of Honduras is
making great efforts to develop the
agricultural resources of the country.
Coffee planting has been vigorously
carried on, and the Government makes
free grants of land to all persons de
sirous of undertaking the cultivation
of coffee, of sugar or of cocoa, and
gives free transport of the necessary
material and labor to the site of the
grant. Besides these advantages,
planters are exempt from military
service, and all implements and ma
terials necessary for the use or forma
tion of plantations are admitted into
the country free of duty. Strangers
are admitted to the same privileges as
citizens of the republic.
Dean Stanley has returned after
his active and agreeable visit to the
United States, where he met the sort
of reception any person who knew the
country could have told him was in
store. But telling differs from realis
ing, and in the realization the Dean
appears to nave oeen anite surpnaeu
and gratified. There are few who
would be greeted more warmly; for the
tone of the Dean's mind is somewhat
akin to that pervading the United
States, while he is the scion of a great
family and the dignitary of a Cathedral
hallowed in American thought. In
that position Dean Stanley had the
opportunity of paying many attentions
to American ecclesiastics and men of
note; and he did so, not to curry favor,
but because he liked the people. lie is
both respected and admired in the
United States. Anyo-Amencm limet,
Although the late ex-King of Han
over had the grievous affliction of blind
ness, he ha1 also a great consolation in
the ierson of his eldest daughter,
Princess Frtderica. This lady was his
constant companion, leading him and
sketching for him with ber kind voice
all interesting persons and things sur
rounding them. The king would enter
a museum or other public place like a
man with good eyes, and, when on hi.-
daughter's arm, never failed to return
salutes addressed to him, from what
evtr direction they might come. It
was evident that there was some sys
tem of telegraphy known to the two,
and from long habit the king had be
come so expert that he rarely made a
mistake. At a soiree he w as led up to
the host or hostess, bowed at the right
moment, and went through the cere
mony with all the ease of a man who