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Sfe djjhafham Record.
H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
RIUTOR AMI I'tUirRIRTUK. 1
3 (!jh;iil;im ccoid.
One square, one insei Hon, ft. 00
Unssquare, two Insertions,- l.M
JE2 wiuare, one mouth, 2.W
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
"in top- ,f'f liml.-h . . ,
Unenwir. Ikreoiu'utt., - . .
- VOL. IV.
PITTSBORO CHATHAM CO., N. C, AUGUST 3, 1882.
tnr larger advertisements lllstral contracts will
-Spring brings lifo to sleeping winter,
Btarting bud and blade and root,
Changing (rout and annshiuo into
Opening loaf and tender alioot,
M king tiny flowvia peep
From the atroam and hillside steep.
Ijaler, all hor arta atnploylng,
Nature langba iu wanton glee ;
Wind With falling bldHHOlllH tojing
Hl,.,wer. th,y , frm nhfnh mJ ,
filling ti0 ir with fJ(,1.i SB.p(i
wUi,ing beauty the oje to Kn,ot.
Stammer time, her KittH hcatowi-.R,
Early strives with huh and air,
Oiva in measure overflowing
Verdnro giecn and blossoms fair .
if.ike a matron grand sho aland
'mitg food with c.pm hai:ds.
1t!a paint tlieir petals daily,
Working iu thu uoonduy aiiu j
Lilies ope thsir eyi H, and gayly.
Whi n the morning ha hi-gii'n,
Blind their porliimcH all around
Wloilglit .y rootlet, 'neath the ground.
Antiimn comee ; with fulln l measure,
In the waii.iig rarmnr'a haii.l,
Karlh pours out her harvc-t lieiinii.,
XlleainK richly all Dim laud.
Olmlly nil tl.e Hcamu thioiic,h
Toila the earth, the, air and dew.
Thua our lives rr, through a season,
Laughing p j,,g ad jovona .lime.
Khowera.d.vuii8hine, toil and ease, en
"P'flou r ycara the eu l comes soon,
Soon tlm'.j fall (mr friwl(.d 1(.4VH..
Aullltur, conies to reap our Iichvcs.
THE FLOWER GIRL.
" She Iiiih got a face like one of hor
ose buds," said Mr. Fitz.Uan to his
friend, Frank Calverly.
" I bare heard cJ hor moro than once,"
returned Frank. "'The pretty flower
irl,' poople call her, don't they ? Old
Frixham has doodled his custom since
she oame here."
" And the Iwt of ic all," added Fit
Mian with 1 jingh, " is that sho is quite
unconscious of her own attraction u
little count tj lassie, who thinks only of
her boainejs, and never dreams that ahc
herself is thoaweetost flower of the as
sortment." " ke'A go in and buy aMareebal Niol
bnd fjjrl two or three sweet verbena
1'M,M said Calverly. " I should like
t see this modern Flora of yours."
Dorothy Peiifiold stood behind the
counter of the florist's store, porting
over a pile of fragrant blossoms which
liy on a tray of damp green moss.
Trails of snnlax wove, thoir green gar-lai-ds
up to the coiling ; heaps of gold
and rose-petalled buds lay in tho win
dow ; drifts of purple heliotrope per
fumed the air, and whit carnations lay
like hillocks of snow against the panes
of .the show window, while, spikes of
perfumed hyacinths and Citpe-jcsainice
flung their subtle scents upon the air.
And Polly herself, with her round,
dimpled face, piuk cheeks and soft
brown eyes, exactly tho shade of the
rippling hair, which was brushed simply
)ack from tho bread, low brow, was a
fitting accessory to tho soono.
Sue looked up as the two gentlomeu
entered, and a sort of crimson shadow
overspread Lor face for a secobd.
" Have you got one of my favorito
buttonhole bouquets mad up, Miss Pen
field?" Fit ralan asked, with a careless
Low sod a smile.
"I know," said Dolly softly. "A
rosebud, a (prig of heath and two or
three myrt'e haves that is whnt you
like. No, I have none made np just at
present; but I can tie np a bouquet in
in half a minute, Mr. Fitsalan."
"One for me, too, if yon please," said
Oalverly, touching bis hat.
"Just the same?"
Dolly lifted her long yelashes, which
were like fringeu of brown silk and gave
him ashy glance.
" A little different, phnse. Consult
your own taste, Miss Fentield."
"I like the double blue violet"
said Dolly gently, "with geran'um
"Thea they shall be ray favorite
fiowers also," raid Calverly galantly.
The gentlemen Lai hardly taken their
leave when old Frixham, the florist,
bustled in, with round, redfaie, shining
bald head, and si air of business all
" Isn't it time that you had the theatre
boujuets ready?" taid he, looking
critically and moving a glass of freshly
cut oallaa ont of the level sunset beams
which at that moment fell like a sheaf
of golden lances, in at the deep bow
'I shall have them rraly directly,"
sid Dolly, starting from her revery.
"The flowers are all sorted out. '
" We have too many carnations on
hand." s-ld the florist, fretfully ; " and
those oapa bells are so much dead loss.
Let the man from the greenhouse know,
please; there's a demand for half-open
rosebuds and forced lilies-of the-valley.
" Tea," said Dolly dreamily, " I will
tell him when he comes."
The closed country wagon, with its
fragrant leaves and delioionsly scented
flowers, cam j early in the morning, long
before the fat florist was ont of bed,
and while the silenoe almost of an en
chanted hand lay upon upper Broad
Bat Dolly renfleld was there, fresh
ening up the stock Of tho day before
with wet moos snd cool water, and clip
ping the stems of tho tosobuds.
" No moro carnation?, John," she said
bribkly ; " nor amaryllis flowers ; and
we want plenty of rosebuds and lilies-of-the
valley. We havo an order for
twenty-eight extra bouquets for a dinner-party,
R'jd I hopo you have brought
plenty of camellias and scarlet gera
niums, find thoi-o bright flowers."
' I thought perhaps," said honest
John DeadwooJ, who meisured six feet
in his stockingp, and had the fuco of an
amiublo giant, "you might want to go
back with iuo to day, Djlly. Yonr aunt
has come on from Ktnsas, and there's to
be a dunco in the old barn, with plenty
of caudles and evergreen boughs.
And mother would bo proud to welcome
you to tho old farmhouse, Dolly. Your
oleander treo is kept carefully at tho
south window, und "
"Dear me," curelessly interrupted
Djlly, "why don't they put it in tho
"Itocuuso, Dolly," said tho young
nmn, reddening, "it reminds us of yon.
And the meadow lark iu tho cago sings
beautifully ; and old red lUindlo has a
littlo spotted calf I "
"Has sho?'' asked Dolly indiffer
John Dcadwood looked hard at her.
"Dolly," said ho, "you don't euro
about tho old home any longer."
" Yes, I do," said Dolly, rousing her
self ; "but''
She paused suddenly, tho rosy color
rnshuig in a earmino tide to her cheek,
an involuntary smile dimpling tho cor
ners cf her mouth, as sho glanced
through the tiinilux trails in tho window.
John Deadwood, following tho direc
tion of hor eyes, glanced, too, just in
time to sea a tall gemlemau lift his hat
and bow as hn went jauntily past.
" Is thut it?" asked John bitterly.
"Is what?" pot ulantly retorted Dolly.
" I'm sure I don't know what we are
standiufr here for, and I with the
twenty-eight extra bouquets to make up
by hvo o'clock. That's all, I think,
John. Dou't. forget tho lilies-oMhe
"But you haven't, answered me,
"Answered yi.n what? "
"About the dunce in tho rid barn,
and coming back with mo wheu the
wagon returns at five o'clock."
"It't quite out of tho question," said
' Dolly I "
" You promised me, years ago"
" Nonsenso I " said Dolly, flioginr the
azaleas and pinks about iu fragrant con
fusion. "I was only a child then"
" Hut you've no right to go back on
your word, Dolly, child or no child."
" I never promised, John."
"Bit you let mo buliovo that ono duy
you would be my wife. And I've lived
cn the thought of it, Dolly, ever since.
And if this city situation of yours
should break up my life's hopo''
" Don't hopo aDytbiug about me,
John I " brusquely inteirupted the girl.
" Here comes a customer. Please, John,
don't staud there any longer looking
like a ghost."
And honest, heart-broken John
turned, and went with heavy steps out
to where tho wagon stood and old Roan
was waiting, with down-drooping hoad
and half-closed eyes.
"It does seem to me." he muttered,
between his teoth, "that there's nothing
to live for any longer."
Dolly looked half remorsefully after
" I'vo almost a mind to call him
Imek," said she to herself, as she picked
out a bunco1 of white violets for the new
comer. " I do like John Deadwood ;
but 1 think ho lias no right to consider
himself engaged to me, just because of
that boy and girl nonsense. One's
ideas change as one gets ou in life."
And Dolly's chesk was like the re
flection of the pink azaleas, as she
thought of Mr. Fitztlau and the tur
quoise ring that he had given her as a
And Mr. Frixham oame in presently.
" I've a note from the Sedgewioks, on
Ffth avenue," said he hurriedly. "They
always order their flowers from Servoss',
but Sorvoes has disappointed them.
They want the honse decorated for a
party to night there's not a minute to
lose. I've telegraphed to Bolton's for
a hundred yards of smilax and running
fern, and a hundred scarlet poinsettaa ;
and I think we can manage the rest our
selves. You had better go at once, Miss
renfleld, and plan ths decoration
you've a pretty taste of your own and
I'll send np the flowers, with Hodges to
And Dolly went, her mind still on the
turquoise ring, with its band of virgin
gold and its radiant blue stone.
The Sedgewiok maneion was a brown
stone palace, with plate-glass casements
and a vestibule paved with black and
Mrs. Sedgewick, a stately matron, in
Watteeu wrapper and blonde cap, re
ceived Dolly iu the great drawing
room. i " On I " said she, lifting her eye
glasses, " you're from the florist's, are
you? Well, I know nothing about these
things I only want the rooms to look
elegant. Tell your hutsbund to spire no
" Mr. Frixham is not my husband,"
Your father, then."
"But he isn't my father," insisted
Dolly, half laughing. " lie's uo rela
tion at all. I will toil him, however."
"Exactly," said Mrs. Sedgewick. "I
particularly desire plenty of white
roses, as I am told thoy are customary
at this sort of affair. It's an engage
Indeed 1 " said Dolly, trying to
" Between my daughtor, Clara, and
Mr. AMrcd 1'itzalan," said Mrs. Sedgo
wick, with oonsoious complacency.
Dolly said nothing, but the room,
with its fluted cornices and lofly ceil
ings, seemed to swim around her like
the waves of the sea And as she went
out, with Mrs. Sedgewick still chatting
about white rosebuds and begonia
leaves, she passed tho half open door of
a room, all hung with blue velvet, where
a yollow-trossod beauty sat smiling on a
low divan, with Mr. Fitzahtn Lending
tenderly above her.
" Ho has only been amusing himself
with me," said Dolly to herself.
There was a sharp aoho at her heart ;
but, after all, it was only the sting of
wounded pride. Thank Heaven oh,
thank Heaven I it was nothing worse
Honest John Dodwood was driving
old Roan steadily and soberly along
past the patch of wosd& where the vel
vet massed boulders lay like dormant
beasts of prey in tho spring twilight,
when a gray fign-o glided out of tho
shadows and stood at his side.
"John I " she whispered.
" Dolly I " it's never you? "
" Yes, John," said the girl gently but
steadily, " I'm going back homo with
"God bless you, Dolly 1" said tho
"For good and all, if you'll take me,"
said Dolly shyly. ' I've had quite
enough of city life ; and I'll help you
with the greenhouses, and I'll try to be
a good little housekeeper at home
Shall I, John?"
John put his arm around her and
hugged her up to his side.
"Darling!" said he huskily, "it's
most too good news to be true ; but if
my word is worth anything you shall
nover regret your decision of this day."
So the pretty flower-girl vanished out
of the bower of smilax and rosebuds.
The Sedgewick mansion wasn't decorated
at all, and Mr. Frixham had lost his
new customer. And the turquoise ring
came back to Mr. Fitzalan in a blank
Various remarkable theories havo
been advanced regarding tho tides
Many of theso are truly so absurd that
it is hardly worth while to refer to them.
Persons find it difficult to understand
why the tides are higher at ono time
than another, and why they rise to tho
height of sixty feet in the Bay of Fun-
dy, forty in the ports of Bristol, Eng
land, and St. Malo, France, and oniy
rise to few feet in height at New York
and other places, while they are scarce
ly perceptible in the Baltio and othor
seas. Descartes was the first philoso
pher who advanced the theory that the
tides were due to the influence of the
moon, but Newton was the first who
worked the problem and discovered the
true cause. Descartes believed thut the
moon acted on the wators of the ocean
by pressure ; Newton demonstrated that
it acted on the ocean by attraction
that instead of pressing on the waters,
it rolled them np direotly under it, and
also at its antipodes at tho same time,
thus producing the two tides every day.
The tides are attractions of both sun
and moon. If the earth had no moon,
the attraction of the sun would produce
two tides every day, but their ebb and
flow would take place at the same hours,
and not varying as they do. These
tides would also be much smaller than
those of the moon.
Although the mass of the sun is far
greater than that of the moon, and
though attraction is in proportion to the
mass, yet it is also inversely as the
square of the distance. As the sun,
therefore, is four hundred times more
distant than the moon, the aVraotion of
the waters of the sea toward the sun is
fonnd to be about three times less than
that of the moon. There are really two
ocean tides, the lunar and solar, but
the latter is absorbed by the former.
which is wholly observable in respect to
the time, the solar only as it influences
the height of the tidal wave. That
caused by the moon is three times
greater than that of the sun, and it fol
lows the moon's motion around the
earth, rising and falling twelve hours,
and each succeeding tide later by three
quarUrs of an hour than the preceding
one, is exactly in accordance with the
position of the moon, or as it is com
monly called, Its rising and setting.
Lice ruchos ore uted to edge the
chine silk dreseoa worn at receptions.
Crushed banana is the name for
tho new pale ytllow shade worn this
Two deep box -pi eatings, arranged as
puffj, make a beautiful tablier for sum
mer silk dresses
Dangling balls of wool and pompons
are tho fushionublo trimmings for lm
ported woolen dresses.
Chomisi ties, oi gumpes cf pleated
white mull, are worn with surplice
waists of dark l:iu or foulard drosses.
Large oval-topped folding Japanese
fans three-fourths of a yard long are
put iu front of fireplaces of country
Festooned bias scarfs of silk edged,
with luce pro culled Marie Antoinette
flounces, and mo the trimmings on
French drones for balls and parties.
A new fancy for pleated skirts of fine
woolen dresses is to put wide box-pleats
alternating with u group of knife-pleats
the whole length of tho skirt.
One of the prettiest costumes for the
country is a ciinip pink sateen with
ecru embroider d re til s and a large
tmuiilla hut trimmed with whito roses
and red currants.
Tho new Grenada blonde has the
llgures cf Hpunish luce ou a very thin
grenadine ground. It is made up over
colored tutiu of contrasting color
such as black over red or white over
Blue with brown is a fashionable
contrast of colors in imported dresses.
A pale blua foulard with dark brown
figures trimmed with bows of brown
velvet ribbon is one of the prettiest of
New niubrelhii for coaching and for
climbing are of India red or blue
calico, with long spiked alpenstocks,
while at the hand is a crutch, a ball,
and tambourine, or battle ax of light
Euglish womnn uso many old
fashioned fabrics that have long been
ont of tho mirket in this country.
Theso are chally, muslin-do -luine,
painted muslins, taffeta silks and the
Summer whito dresses, with skirts
aud juniors of Chiiat crape, have the
entiro skirt covered with laco flouncos.
TLo Bretonno luce is used for theso,
and each flounce falls a littlo over that
beneath it, forming a cloud of luce very
iglit and charmingly effective.
An exquitite now fabric, known as
1'ieur de-'f he, is a sheer lawn, as trans
parent as gunze and crinkled like crape,
bo that it is elastic and fits the figure
like a glove or 'ike a Jersey. It further
commends itself not only by washing
well, but, in dispensing altogether with
ironing, it needs to be only slightly
manipulated and drawn into shape after
being cleaned. It conies iu Oriental
colors and designs, and is a boon to
those who live in dreal of laundry
bills when summer dresses need to be
The fleets of Imagination,
In an early part of my practice I was
calltd into a neighboring town to visit
a patient. It being about tho middle
of the day tho old gentleman of the
house (over sixty years of age) invited
mo to stop and dine. While at dinner
he said :
"I don't know as yon liko my din
" Why, yes," said I, " I do. I like it
very well it is very good."
"I guess," sai l he, "you do not know
what you are eating."
" Why, yes," paid I, " I do it is
some new corned luef."
"Ah I" said the old gentleman ; "it is
I replied :
" I dou't believe it."
"It is," said he; "I declare it is some
of my old mare."
I was not much acquainted with h'm
at that time. I .looked at him, sup
posing him to be joking, but could
not discover a muscle of the faee
to alter or change. I had just taken
another piece on my plate aud a
mouthful of the second slice in my
mouth, and, in fact, it was horse-meat
sure enough. I could taste it as plainly
as my olfactory nerves would discover
the scent of an old horse. The more I
chewed it, the mare disagreeably it
tasted. I continued picking and tast
ing a little sauce whioh I could swallow,
but the meat, as the negro said, "would
no go." I at last gave a swallow, as I
do with a dose of physio. I afterward
tasted a little sauoe, but took oare not
to put any mora meat in my month, and
kept time with the family. Olal was I
when dinner was over. It being cool
weather, the old gentleman went to
smoking and telling stories. At last he
" I won't leave you in the dark about
your dinner. I told yon we had horse
meat for dinner, and so it was. I told
you it was some of .'my old mare, and so
it was, for I swopped her away for a
steer, and that was some of her beef."
I have ever sinoe been glad that the
old gentleman put the joke on me, for
I never should otherwise have known
how far imagination would have carried
poiiiii'iidyke's Hi arch,
"Oh, dear I" gi tinted Mrs. Spoopen
dyke. "I'm sure I'm going to die 1" and
the good woman flopped ovor in the
bed and contemplated her husband with
a pale face and a look of general debili
ty, "You will be good to baby, won't
Oh, ho 1" returned Mr. Spoopendyke,
pounding her tenderly on the head with
his big hand. "You're all right. Bear
np aguinbt it, aud you'll be well in an
hour or two. I'vo often had tho cholera
morbus, but yon never see me give up
like this. Where's tho ginger ?"
"I dou't know," moaned Mrs. Spoop
endyko. "Look on tho top shelf of tho
closet. If it isn't there, try the bottom
drawer of tho wardrobe; or it may bo in
tho pantry. Ow-w 1 ' and Mrs. Spoopen
dyke doubled up and straighten d out
with a jerk.
"You can't remember uny other con
gressional districts represented by that
ginger, can you ?" growled Mr. Spoop
endyke, prowling around the room iu
an aimless but energetic fashion. "You
don't cull to mind a couple moro roost
ing places iu which thut ginger is to be
found, do you? Whero'bouts on the
top shelf ?" and Mt. ti.. orpendyke rat
tled around umong tho old bottles and
empty pillboxes. "Look hero I I've
found that court planter I wnnted duy
bcfjre yesterday ! ' and inoro thun giuti
flel with his find, Mr. Spoopendyke
utterly forgot the origiual object of his
'You'll send baby to a good school,
aud see that she marries happily, deai? '
groaned Mrs. Spoopendyke, adapting u
womau's st j le of hinting that the gin
ger would be acceptable. "And you'll
bury me by mother?"
"Certainly," replied Mr. Spoopen
dyke, immersed in the contemplation
of the court pluster. "Where's the
sheet vf flesh oolor that was here?" ho
demunded. "I don t seem to defect the
presenoe of that particular element of
adhesiveness I Where's the flesh col
ored portion of this curative ?" and Mrt
Spoopendyke ran over the little squares
again in a vain search for the piece he
"Did you look in the wardrobe, love?"
uskod Mrs. Spoopendyke, faintly.
"It isn't here 1" growled Mr. Spoop
endyke, raking over the contents of the
drawer and turning them over with his
foot. "What? Upon my word ! you're
a pretty woman ! I thought you said
that old ruzjr strap of mine was lost
when we moved. Here it is as big as
life and twice as dirty. Glad I found
that strap," mumbled Mr. Spoopondyke,
rubbing it tenderly and blowing off the
dust. "Got a piece of cloth?"
"Oh, do look in the pantry !" pleaded
Mrs. Spoopendyke. "I'm sure it's in
Mr. Spoopendyke charged ou the
pantry like a column of horses, and
hustled around and bumped his head,
but didn't seem to meet with much
"I don't see uny," ho murmured
"Dou't you know where 'you keep your
cloth? I s'poso I might tttind around
here till doomsday, wliilo the moths
corrode and thieves do break into this
razor strap and steal the whole business,
without finding a piece of cloth to wipe
it on, "Haven't ye got an old skirt or
something?'' Aud Mr. Spoopendyke
drow tho sirup under his arm two or
three times and regarded it with much
"Ob, please find the ginger?" squeal
ed Mrs. Spoopendyke, as another spasm
caught her. "Never mind your old
strap I Find the ginger !"
"Ain't I looking for it?" retorted Mr.
Spoopendyke. "Here's a cuk, and the
bottle can't be far oif. Wheu I And
that bottle I'll have a clue to tho gin
gel, and I'm going to follow it to the
bitter end. You ought to eavo these
corks anyway when I go fishing. What
kind of a looking bottle was it?"
"It was long and narrow," replied
Mrs. Spo pendyke, almost in despair.
"I ought to find it from that descrip
tion," muttered Mr. Spoopendyke.
"Most bottles are perfectly round.
Here's the arnica bottle upside down,
and I told you to keep it filled. I
might knock my elbow into the next
Presbyterian General Assembly, and I'd
have to wait all day before I could get
drop of arnica to sooth my anguish !
What's this straw hat of mine doing in
the bottle box, anyhow ? What partic
ular malady did this hat have that sug
gested such disposition of it ?" and
Mr. Spoopendyke smoothed out the
crown and squinted with one eye while
he straightened the brim. "That's a
good hat, yet," and he put it on and
regarded himself in the glasa. "Yon
wanted some ginger, didn't you?
Where is it? Where'd you put it?"
Mrs. Spoopendyke arose from the
bed, pale but firm, and stalking acioss
the room, seized the bottle and flounced
back into the bed with a bump that
showed sho was mad. There is nothing
on earth that will so express a woman's
wrath as that one dive among the sheets.
"Getting better, ain't ye?" snorted
Mr. Spoopendyke. "I told ye the chol
era morbus didn't last long. Where's
that razor strap? What'd ye do witq
Mrs. Spoopendyke eyed him, but
made no response.
"Point out to me tho present address
of thut 6trapl" howled Mr. Spoopen
dyke. "Take this finger and lay it ten
derly on the heme and countiy of that
strap I" and Mr. Spoopendyke whirled
around like a grindstone aud tilled the
uir with bot tles and boxes, and poders
and pills. "Come out of the jungle and
fuco me!" yelled Mr. Spoopendyke,
apostrophizing the s'rap which he re
membered having in his hand but a
moment before. "Show mo to ths
strap. Take that strap by the ear and
lead it bafore H.-oopondyko in proper
person 1" und the imaged gentleman
thrust his foot through the crown of his
hut uud drew the wreck up to his hip.
"Whul's that sticking out of your
breust pocket?" usked Mrs. Spoopen
dyke, scruping off external ui pliin'ious
of an assortment of drugs.
"I'mph !" grunted Mr. Spoopendyke,
drawing out the strap. "Found it,
didn't ye? Another time you let t Lings
alone, will ye? Made we spoil my
straw hut with your nonsense ! Auothoi
tinio you wunt anything yon just staud
buck and let mo search I Y1 understund?
"Yes, dour," murmured Mrs. Spoop
cudyke, uud us her husband left the
room she took u consoling swig at the
ginger bottle aud reflected thut ho
hadn't enjoyed tho attack of cholera
morbus much moro than she hud.
Almast everybody owns a bit of land;
but it is impossible to live upon it. ; so,
iu tho autumn and winter, the laborer
is obliged to go to other countries in
search of work. Ho generally goes to
Sardinia, Corsica and tho Muremma
Ho too often returns home again with
the marth fever. But the following
autumn tho exodus recommences. The
greatest distress iu Tuscany is to be
found among the duy laborers, who
amount to one hundred thousand in
number, und form a qtiaiter of the popu
lation, These live iu miserable huts,
durk, i mull and devoid of even neces
sary furniture, so that tho separation ot
the sexes is impossible, and the sick
and well have to sleep in one bed. Iu
the lust epidemic of diphtheria, (several
cottages were decimated from this
cause. The men's wages are twenty
cents a duy ; the women from ten to
twelve cents a day. In winter work is
altogether wanting. Here again, we
have the annual emigration ; but this
remedy sometimes fuils, and then crowds
of poor laborers eo from one farm to
another, and from one municipality
to the other, begging for work or help
In a word, there are too many worktrs
and too little for them to do. India!)
corn is tho Tuscan day laborer's staple
food, aud pellagra is tho fatal conse
quence, aud is now on the incteuse in
neighborhoods where it wus formerly
unknown. Tho moral condition of
three fourths of the peasants of Tuscany
is good, and although amoug the re
maining quarter, whieh includes the duy
laborers, thefts of tho crops is a com
mon custom, jet the miserable wages
aud long seasons of eniorced idleness
sorbids us to puss too harsh a judgment
on them. Tho government is studying
the difficult problem of how to improve
the condition of the Italian peasantry
all through tho country. May it prove
History of the Tomato.
A good many yejrs ago, a man who
had recently arrived from the Bermuda
Islands was sent to York county, Penn
sylvania, jail for some offense. He hud
with him a few seeds whieh he planted
in the rich soil of the jail yard. Before
the plants grew to maturity, he was
discharged, and no one knew the name
or nature of them. They grew luxur
iantly, bearing fruit of u large i-iz and
unusual appearance. As this strutige
fruit ripened, its color changed from
green to a brilliant red, and beca-ne au
objeit of wonder and admiration to all
th. inmates of the jail. Mrs. Kline
felter, tho lady keeper, cautioned the
prisoners against eating uny of the frnit,
as sho was sure it was poisonous, and
she endeavored to preserve specimens
of it for him, should he return in time.
Just when the fruit was fully matured
the Bermuda prisoner revisited the jail
and asked to sea the plant. This request
granted, he next ea'led for pepper, salt
and vinegar, and to the horror of the
good lady commenced to eat the sup
posed poisonous frnit with a relish that
astonished the beholders. After enjoy
ing the strange repast he informed Mrs.
Klinefelter that the frnit or vegetable
was the tomato, or love apple, and it
would be found wholesome and nutri
tions. The seeds were then distributed
among the friends and neighbors of the
lady, thus introducing this now popular
esculent into the ancient and goodly
borough of York. For many years
thereafter it was cultivated as an orna
ment rather thun for table nse, but by
degrees its merits began to be more
fully understood and appreciated, and
then it grew into general publio favor.
Sleep, my child ! the, shadow fall ;
Silent darkness reiuns o'er all ;
Bud and bloom are l.t to si-jlit
In tilt' folded arm f nij-lit ;
Slurs will soon from eloud-loneis pe p,
While all nature Iioh aslei p.
lireiithe thou ooltl v : 1! st is sne t
I'oi' tired h art and aidiiiiK U et ;
No dull rare nor toil ih thine
Nor sin, thou Mossed child of mine ;
Tranquil on thyeott coin h rest
With dreams of heaven in thy breast.
Hilda arc sleeping : close thine eyes ;
Waken with a solt surprise ;
(ireet the morning with thy smile,
And sweet prattle without guile.
S'-ents lie nleeping in the flowers ;
Slumber till the dayliiht hours.
Sleep: Thy Father guards tby reit ;
bay thy head upon His breast ;
Safer than these arms winch bold thee.
His di ar love w ill linn enfold thee ;
llmhei love than mine shall Ho
(iive, hcb'Vi d one, to tin e I
Sleep : The waves have l"ir boon sleeping ;
Anijel... o'er tin e watch aio ko ping ;
(I'er us both tho palo stua shine
With a radiance hall divine.
Slumber, innocent and lii;lit.
Fall from h' aven on thee- to -niht.
A Carudiun widow recently achieved
local notoriety by marrying her daugh
ter's widower eleven weeks after the
death of her husband.
Owing to tho high prico of beef in
Florida, the people cf Tuvans, in that
State, have taken to eating alligator
steaks, uud pronounce them delicious.
It is estimated on fairly good author
ity that there are seven millions of boys
and girls in the Sunday-sehoeh of the
United States. These are taught by
about one million of teachers,
In accordance with the request of the
Dry Goods Clerks' Union, in New York,
all of the leading stores close np at
noon on Saturday. The clerk is be
coming a power in the land.
A colored man, while plowing near
Opelonsas, Lx, a few days since struck
a ten-gallon jar filled with Spanish fil
ver coins of date of 1779. The amount
s estimated at $8,000 to $10,00?).
St. Louis has two pretty female home
opathic physicians. Their first patient
was a man who said he had the neural
gia from too much kissing, and wanted
to be treated on homeopathic principles.
There is nothing that soothes a bee
sting on a young girl so muo'u as the
remark coming from a nice young man
to the effect that the boa was a discrim
inating insect, and knew a sweet thing
when it saw it.
The grand residence of the lute Cor
nelius J. Vanderbilt, ou Vanderbilt
Hill, Hartford, was never occupied by
its owner. It looks deserted, and the
entrances of the two roudwuys aro pla
carded "No admittance."
O.icar Wildo refused to lecture at
Griggsille, Georgia, because of the un
couth name of the town. They refused
to cull a town meetiug and change the
name of tho place, a ,d he proceeded on
A m.-.n living neur Dulton.Ga., is said
to have tho loudest voice of any person
in the State. When he calls his chil
dren he can be heard a mile away, and
when he tackles a hymn, he shakes
down young peaches from the trees two
Thirteen gold watches of French make
were dug up on Sjituate (Mass.) beach
the othor day, and as a Boston jeweler
says they were all made prior to 1820,
it is believed by many Bostonians that
thoy were buried by pirates, several of
whom were hanged on Boston Neck iu
Cincinnati has steadily outdone Chi
cago in musical achievements, largely
through the mnniftcence of Mr. SprJi
er, who built and endowed her Conser
vatory. But Chicago now projects a
hall of music and art. The building
alone will cost a million dollar?, and
will be finished in two years.
Dr. Claxton, says the Philadelphia
Record, has found that rabbits soon die
from an injection of human saliva, and
that the saliva of some races, notably of
negroes and residents of the tropics,
exhibits an extreme degree of virulence,
a virulence that bears relation to the
amount of tobacco used by the person.
The censufl ffives the population of
.Tanan as 3fi,35R.0!l, an increase of
3,000,000 since 1873. This apparent
increase is in part attributed to growing
accuracy in collecting returns. The
population of the three principal cities
is: Tokio. 070,084; Kioto, 830,820;
A new invention promises to preserve
beef or mutton while the animals are
still alive. Boric aoid is injected into
the animal's veins, the natural circula
tion of the blood carries the anticeptio
through every part of the body, and
when the unfortunate animal that thus
innocently preserves its own flesh for
future consumption comes under the
ovre of the butcher, it will be fonnd
that the mutton will keep perfectly
wholesome for a considerable period.