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Washington, P. C, August 5.
As set forth in this correspondence
last week the North Carolina con
flict with the railroad is ftill the
paramount political issue. The vic
tory of the state uuthoritiis in forc
ing the railroads to obey the state
law reducing rates until the legal
questions involved have been decided
by the Supreme Court is the most
satisfactory outcome to the people
that has occurred since rail load
control has been attempted. The
greatest satisfaction is expressed by
Democrats that a Democratic gover
nor showed the ability and courage
to compel obedience to the law by
imprisoning the law-breakers
spite of the threats of the corpora
tion managers and iittonm a111'
the aid of a federal judge. It slnnihl
be remembered that the issue in the
North Carolina case was similar to
that contend. -d fr l,v tlu D.-mo-crats
when the railroad vale bill was
pending in the United States Sen
iv.- in, til
- iioiijL i
1: , iv:::!-! out that d:
las', ten yf-ats most of th
DemocTatic criticism of Mr
has be1!', based upon his
views cf I'naiicia'. . t-.n -n
political o-;estio --. T
titiouallv i t a !i og-
mze the distinction bttw-.-ri Mi.
lliyar:'.- academical views ai.d those
whici; he estiniatts as belor.gi; g n
the realm (if practical politics. Tne
great lim.ccia! issue on w bich this
iif-t I uttle w as fought he !:ow ud
IllitS is a Settled UeSt .:! c-.-USv-
considers ihat, gr
at us has I-.
for y. hich !
' WO It i ;' '
1 -' C .
,,! ,i t
t-hoi! hi i i- i.i-!. ;t i.- i ' i i, I, I ; ..ft-i
the i et pr '! ; a . i. el ion. ' '
Would lie Miieidai tota- I. (-publican
party" the enutor ;.l.!.-l, '-to under
take a revision of th- t.niff dining
the ilex-. Congress. .U w r iln- pioi
delltial election 1 believe ir will Iih
thedutyofth" Republican paityto
revise the tariff and that it will bi
Aftei! aftei! always after, or later,
or next year, bur. never cow. Thi
last Kepubl cau natim l platform
declared- "We insist . h- main
tenance of the princi pn.
tion", and the next platform will
contain a tini;! declaration, or the
IIei.ibii'."in leaders will find them
selves without their usual contribu
tions foi their campaign funds from
the protected ti lists and mouopo
l:s's. WiM those lit publicans, who feel
that trust high pi ices are plundering
them, e satiblied with the stand
patters' program:' From exo, Heme
they know that with two or three
exceptions every Republican repre
sentative in Congress will fall back
upon the Republican platform,
which, "insists upon the mainten
ance of the principal of protection"
that is, tiie protection of he
trusts, and vote against taiiff re
vision. What does the conclusion reached
by the President and Senator Hop
kins mean; that: "It would be sui
cidal to the Republican party to
undertake a revision of ttie tariff
during the next Congress"!' It must
be one of three things, either the
Republican cannot get along in
I'.hin without the usual campaign
'os.ttibiitions from the protected
tr:its: or that the protected trust
IC-wpentY would be dissipated by
! duelug' some of the protection
iv tri't i-ow et-;.n: or to n vise
'h. tariff would c iae a split in the
! nor too
re in I. -ague
11 ! if 'hey
t tl;C oegreSS
favor of the
.e t!n-v c.
gat.-d the settlement
stn.-l- It Would Seem
Who :11 now dare say the Re
publican representatives of the
li.'Ople ,ue not I.-d up to t In- Kxecu
tivc waterii.-sr trough and forced to
drink, i.v the promise of also hav
ing their share ot th- swill known
as public paUe:;ug-!-
K !'A Mill .
r-V, . -. .:. .-...I, ., .r.i', ;i- ;ioi--.c
..:.-! i: ... -. I..- i.a in -en
i ino.i-i -i. A r-guiar l.-uio
c-.tt at all tnm.-, l.c Ii is been u
champion of s-at, rghts, tax .tion
for leirime oolv. :,nij strict ad Iter
eace to the letter and spirit of the
Constitution. 11-opposed the rati
lieation of the Spt,nih treaty be
lieving lhat the Philippines would
lie n curse instead of an advmitage
to the United Statts. He has actu
ally finwiied on goverrmcnt owner
ship of rniii'onlls and dues not f tvor
(he initiui'ive and letmndum iu
Federal legislation. He has opposed
'government by injunction" and
has favored strict Federal control
of corporations engaged in Inter
state Comm. rce. The South has
no stronger man in' public life to-.
any than John F. Daniel.
J WHY HE ISA DEMOCU.vT.
John II. Bankhead, the new sena
tor from Alabama, says that he is
. a Detuociat, and gives his reasons
, for it, and very good reasons thev
are. In his speech befoie the legis
lature lie said he was a Democrat
beeallSi he believed iu the greatest j
'personal liberty consistent with t!.e ;
J rights and privileges of others: be
cause he oeheved in home rule and i
the rights of the State to regulate!
its own affairs without interference
or dictation from the National gov-1
'eminent: because he believed in!
eipial ami exact justice to all persons
and interests; because he was, op-1
posed to a high protective tariff; i
which enriched the few at the ex-1
. pesisc of the masses, and was the!
parent of trusts and monopolies. J
He als.i expressed himself in no j
uncertain terms as opposed to gov
ernment ownership of railroads, j
which he denounced as a menace to i
the life of :he nation. j
Senator Foraker has sent in a I
general tire alarm to Ohio Repubh-
cans to arouse I hem to light against
endorsing Taft for President. As:
Tail i? legarded as an understudy;
of tin- Pieridcnt there would appear,
to in- ;;:.yt li'.ng but harmony among
( Miio R, pubiieans.
The raiiioad attorneys in North
Caroiina uo.v declare , thev were
foiced to submit to the ult'iniatuin
of tioei nor (iienn. If we only had;
a President with the same amount j
of backbone in lighting corporations :
i.istead of oinprumising with tlu-ai!
tid soon get rea;OI;a-l
h Fairfax Ayres .!.-.
AteS saved I.' on
''U'M Ridel S at Sail
U" iias the evid.-h
Th:s lighting l.viy
l't President l.'oo
;. it as hi' did in t le
s "dear Maria". -I
.1 uan '
tel " I. Ii I'..;
have p le
. hung up at
if the Pr(!.i,
", is the motto I. ie'n has
: "'vster Bav.
interesting to know
nt still considers Will-
iam D. Haywood an "uiul. -irable
citiei," in spite of the fact that a
jury of his countrymen have acquit
ted him of the crime charged against
There is not much doubt that
the blustering noise from Oyster
Bay is from some one who insiders
(Jove: nor Glenn an inteifeiinsr. if
not an undesirable citizen. I
How ;lie state governments have'
taken r.p the gage of batile cast at '
th-in by Secretary Root, that if the
states did not do th.-ir duty in thei
c-.nitrol of corporations the general '
government would have to do it for
them au l arc bunging the corpora-1
:i ms to time, we may expect another '
'.v.n i'-j a tin- Administration '
of .-fate lights
; .! u:
revisiot: :1 election
'. . ; -. mi t li t -
V. V ir- i- il,,-,,-. ,:. ,,,! (-,,,,.
n.r,. i-,i, two eiij.irt, i,n each
arm. Oth-r-vis" tiie li-.- f,.)iow is
v-ry much iikeother babi-s, except
on th- light hand there i.s no thumb i
wht re a thumb ought to be, but at!
ihe root of the forelinger there is a I
well dt veloped thumb. The child
B one mouth old and is ibing well.1
lnetiome ot the Soots i witcin
'hree milts of the place where the
baby was born lhat talked imme
diately after its birth. This6trange
freak of nature is no "rish stery,"
but a fact, some of the best people
in the neighborhood vouching, for
every word of it.
Illustrations Showing The
Improvements Made In The
Public Schools of Randolph
During The Past Decade.
Mr. Clarence U. Poe, th- editor of the Progressive Farmer, at Raleigh,
and one of the brightest and ablest editors in the State having charge of
writinir articles on Th i-irn.rroja nf ,1 ...... ;.. vr.,..n, (i ..
industrial edition of The World's Work for May, had pictures and data
of several hundred districts in the State before him to select from in
making a showing of our great progress in public education. He selected
the districts in Randolph county and the four pictures here given are the
only-pictures showing the Progress of K location in the State, published
:n the World's Work. This h a merited recognition to Randolph and
should stimulate still greater interest in the cause of education through
out the country.
imirs ( iiooi. inr-ii; m:k (i;jik i-i.i.
n t) i t: uki :vn r r. :n-;j. at
1 !V all v. no h:m. - : it:
R- .',! I.
.Ian.ei-t...i a ..,(--j.i.
The Southern Riilwav Coti-pany
will, on August th- f, unth. (-.sta'i-lisS
a new jias-eiig-r train that wip
be known as "The Jamestown
Special," to operate between Atlanta.
Oa , and Norfolk, Va., via ianville,
V'a. TJie train wi I have for its
equipmeut the best material avail
able, cot sisting of one combination
baggage and day coach, one first
class coach, one dining car and two
Lf.!,... v. .il - i
' ''V l Wjfev .l-, j
i:v i it 1:1.'! ( iioiii iioo
.., ... y. !- : :. . .1. l :. -
v -- - ! i s, ;-,.!, I';.
- - -. '.v. a. ;, 1-:;; s -,
. ll.ini,. M. .1. Humble, Z. N.
A ill. am.-. R. p. Fouct. R. L. Can
-v. Mis. Jarnu liroadwell, Z. A.
Wall, i'.-rtha Curtis, J. M. Arnold,
lohn ,1, Turner, W. W. Kedding,
R. Lambert, J. B. Lamb, J. C.
Ridge, .1. N. Hodgin, K. G. Col
'rane, W. 0. Cox, W. A. White, A.
S. Clapp, Alfred Brown, Mrs. An
nie Cole, Deller Jones, J. M. Par
sons, R. Ft Snyder, Miss Sallie Pat
terson, L. L. Coltrane, J. P. Henley,
Maromj Parce", W. E. Beeson, J. A.
Morgan, j Jonathan Tucker, T. T.
To Improve I'plaiMK
No truer words were ever spoken
tliiiu were published by Dr. Thome
of the Ohio Station in one of his
bulletins. He said:'-Saud and clay
ure nut the dead skeleton of a soil.
Humus is its life."
And that is right where the cotton,
farmers of the uphnds of the South
have failed. Their lands had in the
stait a smaller supply of the black
organic decay from delayed vegeta
tion than the land of more northern
climates, hecansp of t he lack of enow
in winter and the conferment l.lnnr.
ing away of the dead lea?ps nf th
open woodlands, while in the North
me neavy suowtalls held the forest
leaves to decay where they fell,
but the growers kent on nhmtinn-
cotton year after year till the vege
table decay that gave a dark color to
the soil, made it mellow and friable
and held the moisture iu dry weath
er, whs all used up. Then tb
ran together and Laked. The far-
meis were atraiil to more deeply
loosen the soil and make it
retentive of the rainfall, but allowed
the water to run off on the hard sub
soil below till the hiilsnli-s ,..
seri. s of gullies, and terrace banks
were necessary to ch-ek ihe loss.
i he soil became the de:.d a,.;i f
sa-id and clay mixed. The bacteria.
so important in the nitritication of
organic matter were starved out.
Attempts to galvauizH ir. i..
Mnporary life by the dribbling of a
mie complete iertUi.er are simply
r.-ii-jior;. ry and expensive methods".
Wind the Southern uplands need
more lLaii anvthin ' el.- u l
storatioujif i he humus orgmic de-
cn. u.e iTli.g.ng tl.eiies.U soil jM(o
a living one.
This cannot be done with fertili
sers aloii-, but feitilizets of the
proper ton i an be an . ili. :H.,t
tl.e w-i :rk if ui-ed in a pr. ji'-r farm
ri-r.iti ii. The value of a rotation
o cro! s 'i-s n.-ainly in getting
back to the soil the humi s tb.-ii. it.
has i e. n lobbed of. th- i- slorimr ..f
th- r.'w ground eoi.drh-i.s that for
nie; v made the .-.il !' .....i
inon - i :.v- of mo : ...
Wbi I Coiisi.Vr"-'c great
nt- . -r the Mutheru t.( 1 1-, s is iii a
wo-' -hum -the gcui.g Uck
the '! ing M,A into th-. i . dead
ekeJe" a ded by deep i .-"aking of
the la i i and level ami shallow cul
tivatio : the banishing of the plow
as a n,e..::s for the cul;iaticn of
the bind crops hi. d the i.m- of the
small-lot .bed cultiva'or. This is.
uonett theory, but has been prov
"ii corr-ct in my own p'.ictice hmJ
experiei-.-e and in that ...f others.
Ther. added to these, I jdace next
in i.j:i ort,iii e the proper u?c of
comuiei.iul fertiliztis. ' The toil
has been robbed of lime through the
use of acid phosphate, year after
year, and in its present" condition
ti e imlveriz"d raw rock will be of
i:Ne use, while in the presence of a
ood supply of humus making vege
Me mi tier there h i o doubt that
it pn be profitably substituted for
tl e diKolved rock.
A wctk ir two ago I attend, Ml thr?
i'.Miisv ivania Sta'c Noim.l Far.
iii iV liisiitllic in the l etnt fill city
of A llentown on I he Febigi River.
This matter cf I! .a!s or pulverized
phosph.-rh; ),,...; v.-,s l-;-;Ugit ,,)(
,.nd .a e '.-.! i-r si;.! that, 1- and hid
'; '-',,,-: l'i:V- ' -';iog ii. by
i li-.cir i.ia-i in in '! , f,,r ,.,.v.
r I .,:r-. M-i !-.,. .,,,.1 ;.jU,
' ' : 'I -i ii ri.ev crov
'' :'-'' ' ' ' -M- uhi!
ash in ih;
an the val
i ni.i. I. w.e.l I I,,;-,
j 1.1 i I, ; cv, i! if nil i -, '-,
j U- of th- b-.! Used ;y..
I 'lave t n- timinis ma i
fspn-ad on his hi',,!. In
the great need of the Southern cot
bm lands is good farming with live
i-tock at the very foundation. W.
V. Massey in Progressive Farmer.
Conductor Walter L. Hess, of the
Southern, fell under a coal car oa
the yard list Wednesday afternoon,
and three fingers on the left hand
were so badly mashed that it was
found nececsary to amputate them.
He wag ascending a freight car whoa
the side rod pulled off.