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THE OLDEST COLLEGE DAILY IN THE SOUTH-
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CHAPEL HILL, N. C TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1942
Editorial: 54: Neva: 4251; Klbt: 34
"fit! JT S
(D)(0) Naval Air Cadets . May Be BaFiadked
. At UNC; Heavy TraMing Would Start May
UNC War Measures
Keep With Nation
Month Old Carolina Program Brings
Unprecedented University Changes
By Hayden Carruth
In one month the University of North Carolina has changed more
significantly than in two preceding decades.
No longer does the air of casual liberality greet the student when
he enters the library. Thescene once placid with scuffed saddle shoes
and loose sweaters, is now speeded to the tempo of marching feet.
Classrooms where leisurely discussions of art and history were the
rule, have become study rooms of military tactics, and the science
of war replaces the science of peace.
A summary of the University's" adjustments since the beginning
of the winter quarter includes changes sweeping in their scope and
thorough in their coverage.
Outstanding in the campus war effort is the student organized
Civilian Defense unit. Headed by Louis Harris, and managed by Pat
Winston, Hundley Gover, Dick Wharton, Buck Osborne, Jennie Wells
Newsome, Dick Railey, Dotson Palmer, and Hayden Carruth, the
See WAR PROGRAM, page 4
Crimps Old Measure
In New Proposal
Senate Okays War Bill
Of 26 Billion for Navy
Reds Admit First Defeat of Winter Offense;
US Forces Inflict 'Extensive Damage on Japs
. By United Press
CAIRO Germany's armed forces pounded west across Libya to
within 60 miles of Derha tonight, while British and Indian troops
fought a rear guard action and the Royal Air Force fighters bomb
ed transport columns in the Agaceila and Agedavia areas behind the
WASHINGTON Representative Martin Dies, tonight called on
Attorney General Francis Biddle to require Communists to register
with the government in a move to "ex-
elude them from places where they can
get and disseminate valuable informa
WASHINGTON The . $26,495,664,
474 naval supply bill, largest single war
appropriation in history and keynote of
President Roosevelt's "arm for victory"
program was approved unanimously by
the Senate today after a scant two
hours debate. The measure was sent
back to the House for concurrence in
Senate amendments which added $6,
500,000 to the lower chamber's original
MOSCOW The Red army today ac
knowledged its first set-back since the
start of the winter offensive, the loss
of iGeodosiya in Crimea, but in the
neighboring area the Russians were re
ported driving swiftly inward toward
the Dnieper river. '
HONOLULU Admiral Chester W.
Nimitz, commander in chief of the Pa-
cif ic fleet, disclosed today that combat
vessels of all types participated in the
attack on Japanese naval and air bases
in Marshall and Gilbert islands and
. said it was "certain that extensive dam
age was done." Only slight damage was
. suffered by the attacking force which
. See NEWS BRIEFS, page 4
Tryouts for roles in the first bill of
new plays written in Prof. Koch's play
writing course this quarter will be
held in the Playmakers Theatre this af
ternoon at 4:30 and tonight at 7:30.
Selected from the plays written by
students for poduction are ."The Wan
dering Dragon," a folk play of old
China, by Lili T'ang, "The Red Oak,"
a play of Iowa farm life, by Barry Far
nol, and "The Vengeance of K'noh," a
Legend of the Huron Indians, by Mac
Prof. Koch has announced that there
are a large numDer oi. vanea roies
available, and everyone interested in
acting is invited to try for roles.
The plays will be produced Friday,
February 13, in the Playmakers Theatre.
The elections committee of the Stu
dent legislature, meeting in special ses
sion yesterday alternoon, proposed
sweeping reductions in legal campaign
funds, as embodied in the Political Ex
penditures Bill to be presented to the
legislature tomorrow night.
Legal expenditures, included in the
m m - m
proposal, are: president, vice-presi
dent, secretary-treasurer of the stu
dent body; editor of the Daily Tar Heel,
speaker of the legislature may legally
spend $12.50 prior to and including the
day of elections. Sophomore, junior,
and senior class presidential candi
dates; Tar an' Feathers editorship can
didates; Yackety-Yack editorship can
didates; Carolina Magazine editorship
candidates; sophomore, junior, and
senior class student council represent
ative candidates are allowed campaign
expenses of $7.50.
Publications Union Board represen
tatives; head cheerleader; class vice-
presidents and presidents; Athletic as
sociation presidents and vice-presidents,
sophomore, junior, and senior
representatives to legislature, may, as
candidates, spend only $7.50 on cam
No political party may expend any
See ELECTION BILL, page 4
Opens Winter Series
Of Philosophy Club
A meeting of all students connected
with or interested in the dormitory for
ums and "bull sessions" in national de
fense, war aims, and post-war prob
lems, will be held tonight at 10 o'clock
on the second floor of the YMCA build
ing. "Attendance imperative," said Pat
Winston, morale head.
Origins of nationalism "as a phe
nomenon of comparatively recent date"
will be discussed by Dr. M. B. Garrett
tonight at 8 o'clock in Gerrard hall
when the Philosophy department re
opens its "Restoring Order" series of
Dr. Garrett's talk entitled "National
ism: its Historic Background" will at
tempt to give a fuller explanation of
Extended opportunities for advance
ment training in the United States Ar
my for qualified enlisted men was an
nounced yesterday by S. W. J. Welch,
University vocational Guidance Direc
tor, following first public release from
the War department.
The Army's Officer Candidate
Schools are open to all qualified en
listed men from 18 to 45 years of age
under the revised setup, and the min
lmum period of service required for
admission to the schools has been re
duced to three months from the time of
either conscription or voluntary enlist
ment in the army.
Part of the planned expansion of the
present system for. providing trained
officer leaders for the rapidly expand
ing Army, the plan authorized special-
y qualified graduates to take advanced
training to fit them for early promo
The bourse at all Officer Candidate
Schools is for a period of three months,
thereby providing opportunity under
the new plan for soldier warrant of
ficers to receive commissions as second
lieutenants after six month's service.
Soldiers are eligible for selection to
the training schools throughout their
enlistments, Welch indicated, but the
three month's period of service is a
minimum established to meet the re
quirements of the present emergency.
Navy Plans to Train 30,000
Airmen Annually in Program
Entire Facilities May Be Opened to Trainees;
Carolina Ranks First in South's 'Pref erred List'
By Ernie Frankel and Paul Komisaruk
The Navy department's announcement yesterday, disclosing
plans to employ the facilities of four large universities, each to be
come an "Annapolis of the air" training more than 30,000 pilots a
year in the "greatest aviation program in naval history," threw a
direct light on Chapel Hill's war-geared physical education plant
as officials here hinted that Carolina
is in a favored position on the "prefer
red list" of Southern institutions.
Four colleges, one in the east, one in
the west, one in the midwest, and one
in the south, will be leased for the du
ration, with training to begin "on May
1 or sooner.'1
The Carolina. Workshop council, or
t lit .
ganizea recently to promote campus
interest in creative art activities, has
nationalism as distinguished from, and announced a full and feature schedule
yet related to patriotism. f dramatic, musical, , radio, art and
Tonight's lecture is the first dealinsr dancing 1 events for February and
with this quarter's topic, "Freedom and March:
Organized Power" which will be dis- One of the highlights will be the
cussed during this week arid the next premiere of a new American play, "Be-
by faculty members of the Political hold the Brethren!", by Joseph Feld
Science, History, and Sociology depart- man, a Carolina alumnus, to be present
ments, ed by the Carolina Playmakers March
Dr. Erwin Hexner sDeaks tomorrow 4-7.
evening on "The Totalitarian State"
and "Democracy Facing New, Prob
lems" will be discussed by Dr. E.; J:
Woodhouse on Thursday evening. . This
quarter's series will be concluded next
See GARRETT, page 4 1
Coeds Vote Today
For New System
Graduate coeds will vote today in a
1 -1 il -- 1ft.9n n-nfif A
special eievwuii iiuiu
o'clock in Tfpnan ball on the type of
student government they would like to
have, Dot Cutting, coed elections chair
man, announced last night.
The ballots today will contain ques
tions askine each coed to check her
preference either of the present system
of combining graduate and undergrad
uate student government, or of having
graduate students set up their own gov
ernment, or whether she prefers no
self-government at all among gradu
Results of this pollSwill guide the
Coed Senate and Honor Council in re
framing the student government sys
tem of the coeds.
Student Dreams Shattered;
Brazilians Speak Portuguese
By Dorothy Jackson
It is a Brazilian's greatest woe that
North Americans don't realize the na
tional language bf Brazil is Portuguese.
Two weeks ago Dr. Hernane Tavares
de Sa, 30, Brazilian journalist and
good-will envoy now visiting in Chapel
Hill, dropped in on a department store's
grand opening of its South American
exhibition in New York.
"Everything was beautiful," said Dr.
Tavares. "It was so big and well-done
that any Brazilian would have felt at
home unless he saw 'Fiesta Plaza' print
ed in big letters."
This firm had spent thousands of
dollars, reproduced a famous theatre of
Rio de1 Janeiro, and then given their
handiwork a Spanish title.
"More than, half the people in South
America don't speak a word of Span
ish and don't want to," the Doctor pa
As the result of the department
See BRAZIL, page 4 '
Other Playmaker presentations wil
include Gilbert and Sullivan's famous
Pirates of Penzance" Thursday and
Friday, two experimental play bills on
February 13 and March io, and a play-
reading February 22.
Classes in life drawing, free and open
to the campus, will be held by Profs
J ohn AUcott and Kenneth Ness, March
7-10. Lectures will be given on art ap
preciation March 7 and 8 and on in
tenor decoration, March 7-9. Miss
Harriet Adams will give a. series of
gallery talks each Sunday, and another
series will be given by student artists
xn tne modern dance Held, a series
of discussions will be led by instructors
m various art fields related to the
dance. The topics and leaders will be
Prof. Samuel Selden on "Dancer and
Actor," February 4; Professor Allcott
on ".Life Sketching." February 19. and
Prof. Phillips Russell on "Writer and
Dancei1," February 26.
Will Meet Tonight
The Interf raternity Council will meet
tonight at ,7 o'clock in the Grail room
I of Graham Memorial.
Dr.'Hernane Tavares de Sa
Workshop Meets Today
Carolina Workshop council assembles
this afternoon at 4 o'clock in the Grail
room at Graham Memorial for its plan
ning session, designed to, arrange for
the Workshop's spring festival.
For months the University has been
prepared to handle as many as 1,800
cadets every three months in what Sec
retary of the Navy Frank Knox term
ed "the most strenuous toughening pro.
cess in the history of American mili
Anxious to cooperate with this pro
gram which will bring Carolina "closer
to the front," leaders here prepared to
put into operation extensive plans that
would put dormitories, probably the six
in the lower quadrangle; eating facili
ties; the complete physical education
plant, "one of the finest in the coun
try;" the library, and other necessary
University classrooms and buildings
completely at the disposal of the government.
Well aware of the upheaval in living
conditions the transfer would cause, it
is known that Administrative officials
have mapped out plans for a rapid room
registration in an effort to cause as
little dislocation as possible to the 1,800
students who might be forced to move.
Arrangements would also be made to
.secure rooms in town, and fraternities
with no price changes, while some
would double up in other dorm rooms.
Lenoir Dining hall, would be set-up
so that cadets and students, dining at
different hours, could be adequately
served. Breakfast to the trainees would
be served before 7 o'clock in the morn
ing, lunch before 12 o'clock noon, and
dinner before 6 o'clock in the evening.
Such a program would immediately
make Chapel Hill one of the vital links i
in the war machine.
Knox declared that the program
would be a "challenge to patriotic
young American men, who are proud
of their ability to take it." The men will
learn "to march up to 40 miles from
sunup to sundown, and will be set at
such heavy labor as ditch digging,
wood-chopping, land clearing, and will
be extensively schooled in such realistic
self-defense arts as advanced juijitsu,
boxing, and rough and tumble fight
Groups to Convene '
For Meet Today
New plans for passing the sophomore
class budget and the election of a new
class legislator will be the items up for
discussion at tomorrow night's joint
meeting of the class executive and fi
nance committees, sophomore President
Dotson Palmer announced yesterday.
The meeting will be held at 7:30 in
111 Murphy and Palmer warned that
any member of the two committees who
fails to show up will be dropped from
Anyone desiring to be nominated for
the legislature post is asked to get in
touch with Palmer by 6 o'clock tomor
The constitution group will meet to
night in Graham Memorial lounge at
7:30, Palmer stated.
The dance committee will meet to
night at 10:30 in Graham Memorial,
according to Joe Ferguson, committee
Ferguson urged the following com
mittee members to attend: John Byers,
J. G. Cardon. Art Lavine. Monk White-
hart, Lyman Higgins, Tom Smith, Bob
by Stockton, Wiley Long, Dewey Dor
sett, Hugh Cox, Sonny Boney, Jimmy
Johnson, Bud Evans, and Bob McClary.
Comic Opera Sets
Designed by Gault
Slate W&M Meet
Carolina debaters and representa
tives of the Woman's Division of Wil
liam and Mary college will clash here
Tuesday night in an intercollegiate
forensic contest, Debate council offic
ials have announced.
Full plans for the debate will be
formed tonight at a Debate squad and
council session at 9 o'clock in the Grail
room of Graham Memorial.
Subject of the contest will be "Social
lzed Medicine," "Honor bystem, or
"Federal Control of Munitions Manu
William and Mary students will de
cide the final debating topic and will
notify the Debate council upon its de
cision. ; . .
Definite schedules for tryouts for
the contest also will be formulated tonight.
Riker Will Explain
Lt. Commander M. M. Riker will ex
plain the enlistment in class H-V(P),
United States Naval Reserve, to all
pre-medical students at a meeting to
morrow morning at 10:30 in Gerrard
Sets for "The Pirates of Penzance,"
the comic opera by Gilbert, and Sulli
van, to be produced jointly on Thurs
day and Friday at Memorial hall by the
Carolina Playmakers and the ; Music
department have been designed by Lynn
Gault. .... :-
Gault has constructed the sets with
the assistance of Robert Schenkkan,
Rockefeller Assistant in the sceneshop,
and Walter Preston.
The first set depicts the rocky sea
shore on the coast of Cornwell, where
the pirates have their hideout in two.
Tickets for the two nights of per
formances are now available at the;
Playmakers business office and at Led-better-Pickard's.
All seats are reserved
and tickets may be obtained by presen
tation of either the Carolina Playmak
ers or the Student Entertainment Series
season books, or both. If the holder of
both season books does not want two
tickets, he may obtain one ticket and a
refund of 25 cents upon presentation
of the books at the Playmakers business
office in Swain hall now, or at the box-
office on the nights of the perform
ances. General admission is $1.13, tax
7th Human Relations
Institute Meets at UNC
First news of the Seventh Insti
tute of Human Relations came yes
terday" with the announcement by
YMCA secretary Harry Comer that
plans had been completed to bring
"America's Town Sleeting of the
Air" to Chapel HHL
No other definite news of the
speakers was available late yesterday.