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Charlie Justice will quit the
pro ranks if he -gets a job
working under Snavely. See
Fair and slightly warmer.
CHAPEL HILL, N. C. SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1951
1 II - V 'III 11 fcI ii I
for j I
in t f
i defer !
Commies Shift Offensive From West,
Increasing Pressure On Wonju Area
TOKYO, Saturday, January 6 Red armies thrust
southward through frigid mountain passes of east-central
Korea Friday in a sudden shift of power that increased a
flanking threat to United Nations forces pulling back from
General MacArthur's headquarters said 200,000 Chinese
and North Korean troops were,
swarmmg toward the vital de
fense link and road-rail center of
Wonju. Wonju is 55 miles east
and slightly south of Seoul.
The Red offensive pressure j
eased in the west." That drive j
had carried into the desolated!
South Korean Capital of Seoul!
for the second time in a little over
Associated Press Correspondent
Tom Lambert reported that Com
munist patrols of about company
size clashed Friday night with
Allied units south of Seoul.
Lambert said this indicated
that the Chinese Reds were not
following the tactics used by the
North Korean invaders who cap
tured the city last June.
The North Korean Reds halted
in Seoul to absorb the city and
regroup their forces. The Chinese
Reds apparently planned to drive
through the capital without a pro
Chinese Reds swarmed quickly
through Seoul and into its south
western industrial suburb of
Yongdunpo- They were not yet
reported in Inchon, which the
Allies abandoned Thursday night
and Friday morning.
There was no mention in dis
patches of the Eightth Army's lo
cation. New censorship regulations for
bade mention of the Allied de
fense line and identification of
Allied units by nationality or
Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway,
commander of the Eighth Army,
said after a trip to the front
south of Seoul:
"Everything is going fine up
He meant that Seoul and In
chon had been evacuated with
little loss of life and that his re
treating division had so far suc
ceeded in not being overrun or
His thoughts ranged beyond
the immediate battle line. He
spoke of the pitiful plight of the
South Korean people, invaded by
Red hordes for the second time
since last June.
CLEVELAND, Jan. 5 fP)
Railroad firemen and trainmen
today rejected a proposed three
year peace pact between Ameri
can railroads and four railway
They said the engineers, who
already have objected to the
pact's terms, and the conductors,
who make their decision Sunday,
would join them in seeking a bet
ter settlement through negotia
tions in Washington.
It's Saturday classes today for
students in the University.
The weekend classes are ne
cessitated by the Tuesday
"holiday" students got this
week along with their Christ
mas vacation. -
Instructors will call the rolls
and school will proceed as us
ual on Tuesday. Students are
reminded that labs and other
such classes normally held on
Tuesday are scheduled for today.
'WASHINGTON, Jan. 5 (P
Total announced American casu
alties in the Korean war mount
ed today to 40,176, approximately
equal to the population of Zan
esville, Ohio or Taunton, Mass.
The roll of dead was 6,761.
The totals include -casualties
where the next of kin had been
notified through last Friday. The
list rose 1,851 in one week.
The dead included 6,031 kill
ed in action, 716 who died of
wounds, and 14 persons original-
iy missing but now known to be
There were 27,997 wounded and
6,148 listed as missing.
Of those reported missing since
the beginning of the war, 720
since have returned to U.S. mili
tary - control, -1 07 are known to
be prisoners of war, and 14 have
died, leaving 5,307 on the cur
rently missing list.
The announced casualties for
the Army werp 33,184, Marine
Corps, 6,212; Navy, 458, and Air
r orce, 332.
To Be Shown
"Lifeboat", written by John
Steinbeck and produced by Al
fred Hitchcock, comes to Memori
al Hall RIonday night at 7 o'clock
under the joint sponsorship of the
Hillel Foundation and the YMCA.
The picture was first produced
during the war and was acclaim
ed by many as one of the out
standing war pictures. It stars
Tallaluh Bankhead, William Ben
dix, and John Hodiak.
After the showing of the movie,
the Y and Hillel groups will head
a discussion of problems present
ed in the movie.
All students are invited to at
tend the showing. Admission is
; acute, w iikj 10 v-uuLci ncu cacuianj
"Lifeboat" is the third of a se- i over rising food prices, was re
ries of six movies presented by ported , about ready to require
the joint groups for the benefit
Preview Points To A
Film About Campus Life
Will Be Finished Soon
By Walt Dear
A peek at some of the scenes
taken from the new picture on
campus life, "In the Name of
Freedom," produced by the Com
munications Center, shows that
University life and activity can be
filmed with much success.
With actual shooting to be com
pleted next week, the new film!
then will be ready for cutting and t
(other processing by the Motion j
i Picture division of the Communi
Meanwhile, John Satterfield,
graduatestudent in music and an
assistant in the Music department
is composing the background
Of Liquor Issue
Wets Gain Power
In Key Committee
Viewing New Bill
RALEIGH, Jan. 5 (JP)
Chances of the 1951 legislature
approving a statewide liquor re
ferendum grew dimmer today
with the announcement by Lt.
Gov. H. P. Taylor of his commit
Wet counties were given strong
representation on the propositions
and grievances committee which
' apparently will handle liquor le
gislation for the Senate. A re
ferendum bill introduced yester
day was sent to this committee.
Taylor appointed two legisla
tive veterans to head the all-important
money committees. Sen
ator John D. Larkins of Jones
of named chairman of the appro
priations committee and Senator
J. Hampton Price of Rockingham
was made chairman of the finance
In brief sessions, both houses
adopted resolutions inviting Gov
ernor Scott to address a joint
session Monday night. At that
time the governor will deliver his
eagerly -awaited budget speech,
giving the legislators in detail his
ideas on state spending and on
the subject of increased taxes.
At about the same time the
legislature will reecive the pro
posed budget drafted by the ad
visory budget commission along
with its proposed appropriations
and revenue bills, .
Governor Scott gave the law
makers a brief glimpse of his
budget ideas in his biennial mes
sage yesterday. He told them
that state agencies would need
more money during the next two
fiscal years, arid he said he hoped
this could be raised through in
creased collections from present
taxes and through the elimina
tion of some present tax exemp
tions and inequities.
After receiving these budget re
commendations and after House
Speaker W. Frank Taylor has ap
pointed the house committees, the
money committees can go to work
on the budget, a task that re
quires many weeks.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5 OP)
Government officials today
whipped up a proposed stop-gap
order designed to freeze most liv
ing costs at least 30 days while
they rush preparations for gen
eral price and wage controls.
Price Director Michael V. Di-
' - r- 1 1 li-Vl y t f -n-in trtr r-ri n e r 1 1 1 '
manufacturers, processors, whole
(See CONTROLS, page 4),
music for the production,
i Thursday night the department
j under the direction of Edward E.
I Freed, professor of Motion Pic
ture Production and head of the
Motion Picture division will take
scenes of the Student Legisla
ture. It also will complete shoot
ing of the Honor Council at work.
Commenting on the present cri
sis in international affairs, Freed
said that there was a possibility
that universities would be used
as film N production centers. He
also said that there would be j a
great need for film producers,
even more urgent than the need
,in the last war.
Vital Draft-Ch anges
Would Lower Induction Age To 18, Extend
Active Duty As Long As 27 Or 30 Months
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5 VP) New draft legislation that
would lower the induction age to 18, extend the period of
service to 27 or possibly 30 months, and tighten down on de
ferments and exemptions was
the current aim of the Department of Defense. '
Felix 'Larkin, the Department's General Counsel, gave that
; -1 broad preview of the bill that
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5 ()
Dr. James B. Conant, Board
Chairman of the National
Science Foundation, submitted
to President Truman today the
Board's choices for the $15,-000-a-year
post of Foundation
Director. He declined to say
whether Dr. Frank P. Graham
was on the list. .
Mr. Truman reportedly fav
ors Graham, a former Demo
cratic Senator from North
Carolina, for the job. How
ever, opposition to Graham is
said to have developed among
Board members when they
,met Wednesday to make their
Leaving President Truman's
office today, Dr. Conant only
would say that he submitted
"several names" agreeable to
Under the law setting !up
the Foundation, the President
had to await the Boards rec
ommendations although he
does not necessarily have to
It was learned yesterday
that the Board is not, in favor
of recommending Dr. Graham
on the grounds that he is not
Student Party Meets
Monday At 9 O'clock
The Student Party will hold
a meeting Monday at 9 p.m. in
Officers for the new quarter
will be elected at that time. All
members are asked to attend.
No Broken Heads, No Tears
Robert Shaw Chorale
Passed By Toscanini
By Charlie Brewer t work. There was none too much
For a chance to perform with 'time for rehearsals. Every, min
Arturo Toscanini, most musicians j ute had to count, and the singers
would do almost anything short ;
of committing murder.
Robert Shaw, who will conduct
his Chorale in 'Memorial Hall
Tuesday, is one of the select hand
ful of musicians who have col
laborated with the fabulous
maestro, at Toscanini's own re
quest. It was in 1945, and Shaw was
just out of the Navy, when he
received a phone eall from the
National Broadcasting Company.
Maestro Toscanini was plan
ning to do the Beethoven Ninth
Symphony. He'd heard the Col
legiate Chorale, and liked it.
Would they' like to sing the chor
You can be sure that Shaw
- j and
his Collegiate Chorale
tiumned at the chance. Thev well
1 knew Toscanini's uncoraDromis
ing musical standards, his super
human quest for musical perfec
tion. It was an exciting oppor
tunity. Shaw gave the Chorale one
his pep talks and they set
officially described today as!
will go to Congress for consider
ation within the next two weeks.
The measure is being drawn to
supplant the Selective Service
Act of 1948, which expires June
30, and while it probably will
not, be labeled Universal Military
Training, its long range goal ap
The immediate aim is to pro
vide the manpower necessary to
reach that target of 3,500,000
men in arms set by .President
Truman last month.
Larkin said about 11,000.000
men 18 through 25 years of age
have been registered under the
present law, which does not per
mit induction of a youth until he
reaches mis 19th birthday. But
he said that the actual number
in line for induction from this
total is estimated at about 750,
Manpower analysts say that a
still undetermined number of
men. bet ween 19 and 26 are not
now . avaiiaDie -lor; service -ana
will not be, unless the law is
changed, because of the present
liberal, provisions for deferment
(See DRAFT, page 4)
ROME, Jan. 5 (TO Italy will
place three divisions of her regu
lar Army troops at the disposal
of General Eisenhower for the
start of his Western Front Army,
the Council of Ministers decided
In his report on the status of
Italian defense, Minister Randolfo
Pacciardi told the Council the
three divisions Italy will contri
bute represent the same force
that France is making available
to Eisenhower's command.
Italy has ten divisions and two
more in the process of being
brought to full strength with
American arms aid.
As the rehearsals progressed
there were moments of uneasi
ness. Would Toscanini like their
Praise from Toscanini was the j
highest reward for a musician, a!
sort of musical Legion of Honor i
decoration. But the Maestro was j
finicky. He had been known to j
cry at a bad performance. At j
other times he had broken a ba-
ton over1 a violinist's head, or!
rushed out hatless and coatless
into a snowstorm because the I
musicians had let him down.
Would history repeat itself?
Shaw and his singers kept re
hearsing and tried not to imagine
such a calamitous possibility.
The maestro arrived, unexpec-
i ted and unannounced. In the
- 1 midst of a rehearsal Shaw not-
iced his singers, pop-eyed, were
missing cues. He turned around.
There, beaming, sat Toscanini in
the empty rehearsal hall.
Shaw instantly stopped the re
(See SHAW, page 4)
New Draft Law
Opposing Plan Asks
Based On Aptitude
College training for 18 or
19-yearrolds after they have
been put into military uni
form is, a very definite possi
bility, according to informed
sources in Washington, The
Daily Tar Heel learned yes
terday. The informant said the pre
paredness subcommittee of the
Senate Armed Services Commit
tee may well write this into the
new draft law it is now consider
ing. The members are considering
several compromises of the two
extreme points of view on how
to handle the college training
. Harvard President James B.
Conant's plan for two years ser
vice, without any deferments, for
all 18-year-olds is one extreme: i
the Hershey-Trytten plan for de
rr. .. , , , '
ferment each year of up to 100,000
high school seniors showing the
greatest aptitude for college train
ing, is the other.
The subcommittee headed by
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Tex)
probably will write into the new
draft law a provision calling for
putting all men who would other
wise be eligible to go to college
into uniform and then either fur
loughirrg them or sending them
in uniform to the college cam
puses. Coupled with this idea arc sug
gestions that a civilian board,
rather than the Defense Depart
ment, decide what these soldier
students will study at college.
I Provision for such a board would
either be written into the law or
else the committee report on the
new law would indicate that this
was the intent of Congress.
Such a plan would get around
objections to both the Conant and
the. Hershey-Trytten plans. Dr.
Conant's plan, its detractors say,
would cut off the continuous flow
from the colleges of much-need-scientists,
technicians, and engi
neers. The Hershey-Trytten plan, its
detractors say, would be political
ly impossible because the parents
of boys who did not qualify for
college deferment would object
More and more college educa
tors are getting behind the com
promise plan. And there are in
dications that this compromise is
finding favor within the National
Security Resources Board which
formerly was partial to the Hershey-Trytten
Too Many Men Now
Army Recruiters Plea
CHARLOTTE, Jan. 5 (JP)
The Army and Air Force Recruit-
ing Station issued orders to its
sub-stations' in 40 western coun-
ties yesterday restricting the
number of volunteers to be sent
here for processing.
Major Paul Johnson, officer in
cnarge ot tne itecruitmg fetation, j
said the order was issued in order I
to smooth out the flow of re
cruits into the local office.
Johnson said there was already
; a backlog of 400 men to be pro
cessed and that 120 was the maxi
mum the office was able to han
Tomorrow's quota from the
sub-stations has been set at 40
i fit ii
Declares Sen. 1 off
Challenges Truman's Asserted Power
To Put U. S. Troops In European Force
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5 Senator Taft (R-Ohio) de
clared today the United States was "sucked" into the Korean
war and challenged President Truman's asserted power to
put American troops into a European defense force without
approval first from Congress.
In a major foreign policy speech, Taft told the Senate he
; believes that sending large num
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5 (IP)
Senator McCarthy (R-Wis) de
manded today a Federal inves
tigation to determine whether
there is a "leak"' of Pentagon
secrets to Columnist-Commentator
He told the Senate that a
column .last week purported to
quote "verbatim top secret mes-
If they were truly verbatim
messages, McCarthy said, they
would aid other nations in
breaking U. S. codes and "some
man in the decoding room is
guilty of high treason."
Pearson immediately got out
a statement saying, "Before
using the Tokyo Cables now
complained of, I consulted the
Pentagon which assured me
there would be no security risk
provided the dates of the cables
were changed and a few words
omitted. This was done."
WASHINGTON. Jan. 5
The State Department said to
day the United States, with the
cooperation of friendly govern
ments, is clamping down hard on
the illicit trade in arms which
might aid the Chinese Reds and
Press Officer Michael J. McDer
mott expressed belief the trade
has dwindled to a small scale and
said, "we are on top of the situa
tion." Other officials said control
! measures have been tightened ef
fectively since the start of the
The State Department, since
1945, has been directing efforts to
curb gun running, particularly in
the Far East. Much of the con
traband has been traced to Amer
(See RED, page 4)
;men, Johnson said, and future!
' quotas will depend on the num-
I ber of enlistments. j
j Meanwhile in Raleigh, volun- ;
j teers have poured in so fast this j
j week that the Army-Air Force
(Recruiting Officer there almost
j hollered surrender yesterday.
This office, which serves a :
large area of Eastern North Car-"
olina, gave orders tOj sub-stations ,
not to send any more men until
it can process those already on
The Raleigh station reported j
that it had broken a previous!
record of 54 by prrcessmg a total j
cf 105 eniiste? ledndav.
bers of U. S. soldiers to Europe
would "make war more likeh."
He said the Russians would be
spurred to the attack if that r
Instead of sending troop.; i
: Europe, Taft said, the Unit-Ml
States should build up powerful
air and sea defenses. He c in
tended that did not mean aban
doning the rest of the world.
As to Korea, the Republican
leader said President Truman
"had no authority whatever to
commit American troops to Kor a
witnout consulting congress am!
without congressional apnrovai."
"The President simply usurped
authority," he continued, "in vio
lation of the laws and the con
stitution, when, he sent troop. !
Korea to carry out the resolution
of the United Nations in an un
And at another point,
"Without authority, h"
us in the Korean war.
authority, he apparently
adopting a similar policy m
Taft, the Republican poh'--leader,
took the Senate floor va'
a 10,000-word prepared spe r;;
Galleries were well filled at-;
there were some i0 .senators oe
the floor. The Senate attend n,'
attested to their interest. Ofn
aLI but a hanulul ot senator-, v. h
leave when one of their col tea,-.' i
is going to make a lone, prep in
At one point, a man m t;
gallery applauded so vi;:nrou i
that Capt. Mike Down, a C-pd..
policeman, escorted him
man told reporters he
Ward G. Dunnebacke, a
! J. 1
nat i ve
Along with slashing at Trum,
foreign and military pohey. "I'a
urged that the United St..:
"adopt aggressive method, o! pr
"We should be able to win t;
battle against Communism m t'
minds of men," he paid.
i LONDON, Jan. :-
II Sung, North Kore m
j nist leader, called on ;.
: today to destroy the t
land equipment" of tb'
I invaders" of Korea and
out the "American bar I
I He issued a spci.d
the day celebrating, to-
tion" of "our capital, S
(See CHINESE. P"i
The news and society cr if
of The Daily Tar Heel will rr.-?'
Monday afternoon at 3 o'cioc
in the DTH offices, second flo
Graham Memorial, aicr v.'it
all persons who wish lo he-;-. -members
of the staff.
Regular staff members vd
cannot attend the meeting rr:;
notify Executive News TJir
Chuck Hoasc: or Mjn,n;r': i; ;
tor Rolfe Ncill proior to ri oo
All interested in w .
with The Daily Tar He-1 r
fill cut apFlicalions ai ! -between
ti'jw ar.'l ii.e 11:.: I
' ' ' - --..4 ...