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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1935
THE DAILY TAR HEEL
A Place In The Sun
Our Barbara Willard, using a large hunk
of this page today, tells the story of the student-operated
FM radio station, WUNC.
We can add little to her reporting, except
to wish WUNC all the good fortune that can
come to educational stations continued ,
high quality programming, a higher tower,
more power, and a place, someday, in the
financial sun. It is unthinkable that a Uni
versity enterprise as meaningful and bene
ficial to the area as WUNC should continue"
to operate without a formal budget.
Thousands of dollars are being spent on
WUNC's educational big brother, WUNC
TV (with which WUNC has no connection)
and it is reasonable to hope that some mon
ey ma soon drift down to. the radio sta
tion. WUNC, as anyone who has ever listened
to its informative, engaging programs will
testify, will put it to good use.
Toward The Nadir
Some 100 interested students went down
to the Library Assembly Room one night
l:st week to hear men from the State and
,v:ivv Departments talk on "Careers in Pub
lic Service." r
Largely, the program was uneventful.
But we sat up in our seats when someone
asked about what he called "the muddled
state" of foreign service. Our interest sub
sided rapidly when we heard a canned, ob
scure line. The man from the State Depart
ment admitted that perhaps things are "mud
died." Elaborate, he would not.
One student asked, with oblique refer
ences to the recent humiliating experience
of Wolf Ladejinsky, whether being of for
eign extraction (a perculiar phrase in the U
S.) would hinder one in public service. The
answer he got was at best equivocal, lacking
form and meaning. The usual" "brochures"
were mentioned, but little else.
Even the outgoing Republican chairman
of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
(a good friend of Secretary of State Dulles)
admitted in a recent report that morale in
the foreign service is dropping toward nadir.
He warned that the factors lying beneath the
"demoralization" of foreign offices must be
combed out and eliminated.
But we assume that as long as the public
particularly students with interest in foreign
service get unsignificant answers to their
questions, morale will continue at or near
' Louis Kraar
WRY CAN'T the University
have a more reasonable ap
proach to ex-iams?
As the sem
i r a w s near
af n d students
'jegin to no
tice the exam
mm-Mim nrm r O m i n O U S ly
" . ' - - ' -iA' -'- N
, ''4 .: I
0- :" , . V . ;
f ' ' " 1 ; - .
'i I j , :J
- f ...
ft t - - -
. . . engineer Jim Hurley, seated at WUNC's
. . announcer . Carl Kasell, at Hill Hail. '
control panel, cues up an 'Evening MasterworK WUNC broadcasts nearly all Hill music pres-
...Bob Cars-well cnooses a longpuiytng
record for a WUNC show.
...Norman Cordon, who presents 'Let's Lis'
ten To Opera' weekly, explains a script V-ut. to
Assistant Manager Carl Venters.
We reached for Bartlett's Familiar Quo
tations yesterday to settle an argument.
Shakespeare never wrote. "Alas, poor Yor
ick! I knew him well.' It's "I knew him,
Horatio." And, thumbing through the dog
eared old book we have ascertained some
other familiar misquotations. Thomas Jef
ferson, for example, never said a word in
the Declaration of Independence about "in
alienable rights." It's a Twentieth Century
corruption of the "unalienable rights" with
which each man is endowed by his Creator.
What's more, Ogden Nash did not write,
"Men seldom make passes at girls who wear
glasses." (It was Dorothy Parker, who, inci
dentally, did not write, "Candy is dandy but
liquor is quicker." It was Ogden Nash.) And
bless our soul, Admiral Farragut never hol
lered "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed a
head!" What he really exclaimed at Mobile
Bay, says Bartlett, was a good deal less eup
honious. Just "Damn the torpedoes! Go a
head!" Further, (and here our trusty old
volume shook us to die core) it is suggested
that Nathan Bedford Forrest, an educated
Confederate, did not say, "I git thar fustest
with the mostest" or anything so rustic.
More, likely, the General delivered a cool,
calculated summation: "I simply arrive at
the front first, and with a laager group of
tEfie Bail? ar 3$te
The official student publication of the Publi
cations Board of the University of North Carolina,
s where it is published
clear. Classes end on Thursday,
and exams start Friday morn
ing. There simply isn't enough
time for students who have a
Friday morning exam to pre
pare. Last spring I mentioned this
shortcoming to an administra
tion member. His answer was
that since the exam schedule
is released so early, students
can plan their study for those
What that administrator did
not realize was that ' during this
last week professors have to fly
in order to finish their course
material. The press of daily as
signments is heavier, and there
is little time for exam study.
WHAT THE University really
needs is a week for reading and
studying between the last day
of classes and the first day -of
The stock administration an
swer for that is that students
wouldn't use the week for study.
But this overlooks the fact that
as many would study as do un
der the present system.
Assuming that exams - are a
necessary part of academic life
and that they give students a
good look at what they've learn
ed in a course, it only seems
logical that they should be giv
en time to prepare for them.
This reporter would like to
plead "consolidation." That's
what the administration used
when they argued for Saturday
classes. State and WrC have Sat
urday classes, and Chapel Hill
doesn't that was their argu
ment. Well, over at our sister insti
tution in Greensboro, the gals
don't start exams until the Mon
day after their last classes on
Saturday. This gives them a day
between the end of classes and
exams a day more than Chapel
Hill gets, a good day for study
ing. But soon exams will be over,
and students will quit complain
ing until spring. Must be a
heartening thought for the sloppy-thinking
men who draw up
the exam schedule.
And Without A Budget
L, am pus tsvi o
'FM is to radio like stereophonic sound is
to movies," according to Carl Venters, radio -major
and assistant manager of WUNC. This
radio station, whose studio is situated in the
basement of Swain Hall, started operations in
November, .1952, with little fanfare, but it has,
nevertheless, gained an enthusiastic audience.
John Young, station manager, summarized
the aim of the station as "an attempt to pro
vide a broadcast service not usually available."
WUNC is a non-comm.xia1,. educVJti;onal
FM station, licensed to the University of North
Carolina. For those many students who inquire
as to why it is not an AM station, there's a
simple explanation. The Federal Commerce
Commission has set aside certain FM channels
for non-commercial, educational use. FCC reg
ulations for these stations are lax in that they
can operate any hours during the day or night,
on these channels. AM stations, on the other
hand have minimum day time and night time
WUNC is entirely student-staffed and ope
rated. One half to two thirds of its staff is in
the Department of Radio and the rest in other
fields. Mr. Young says the students "are not
just figureheads; they run the station."
This station has many different and out
standing features, but perhaps the most un
usual thing about it is that it has no budget.
The idea for a University-owned radio sta
tion was first conceived in 1949, and the chance
to put the idea to work came in 1950. In .that
year, WMIT, the powerful FM, station on top
of Mt. Mitchell, offered to sell to the Univers
ity its stand-by transmitter for $1,000.
The administration had no objection to the
purchase, nor did it have any money for it.
The Communication Center, a non-academic
production organization on campus, bought
the transmitter and has since taken care of
some pressing needs. Other than that, there's
Mr. Young says, "We went on the air quiet
ly, through the maze of early problems . . . We
kept it a modest effort; so that what we did,
we would do well."
Under FCC regulations, "anything that ed
ucates" is an educational station; so a student
staffed FM station can produce almost any
kind of program. Since the students them
selves have all the administrative and opera
tional duties, their work and experience is an
educational function of the station.
An alumnus donated 200 12-inch standard
78 RPM record albums of classical music. These
were the record library for the first year.
The first operational period gained a small
audience and little response for the station.
' Two improvements were made in 1953, in
the form of local programs and additions to
the record library.
- In that year, such programs as Chancellor
House's "Tar Heel Voices," YMCA programs,
broadcasts from departments and sports broad
castg, became a part of the broadcast time,
"at 91.5 on jour FM -dial."
RCA Victor agreed to let them have its
record service, usually offered only to com
mercial stations. Ths included e-ry (TfcCA
release in 1953, 100 12-inch record programs
for only $50. It was more than $1,000 worth of
records. Of course, $50 might as well be $1,000
when there was no money at all.
Finally, Jinx Robertson, a student in the
School of Journalism at that time, provided the
money for the service.
This year, still without a budget, the sta
tion has made forward steps.
They have brought to their audience out
standing special events programs', including
Rise Stevens, Alec Templeton, North Carolina
Symphony Orchestra, Aldous Huxley, Estes
Kefauver and many other events. The broad
cast of the First Piano Quartet was the first
radio broadcast of this group. In years past,
Bennett Gerf, Robert Frost and other have
given programs over WUNC.
An increase in power from a 1600 watt
transmitter to a 16,000-watt transmitter is an
important advancement for the station. This
new ransmitter is a gift from WBT, WBTV in
Charlotte, owned by Jefferson Standard Broad
Mr. Young says application has been made
to FCC for permission to use the new trans-
mitter, andthere should be no difficulty in get
During broadcast time, which is seven days
a week, 7 p.rn. to 11:30 p.m., the station can be
received on any FM radio within a 20-mile
radius. With' certain antennas, listeners within
a 35-mile area receive WUNC, and it has been
received as fac away as Mt. Mitchell. The new
transmitter will' provide a stronger signal for
The present antenna is only 78 feet off the
ground, and it should be at least 500 feet. Mr.
Young explained that FM travels in a straight
line and will not bend over the horizon. A
higher antenna would give a clear signal at a
'60 to 70 mile distance.
This year Columbia offered WUNC their
record service, including all classical and pop
ular LP releases, for $60.
To secure this valuable .service, the staff
contributed the $60 themselves. This staff re
ceives no compensation but experience for
their services. They are part of a tight organi
zation that carries out all work involved in
operating a radio station.
The students stay here during short holi
days to keep the station operating. They stop
ped only from Dec. 22 Jan. 2, during the
Mr. Young explained that each fall it is
just like starting a new station. A new staff
has to be selected and trained as it works.
The student manager is appointed by Mr.
Young and the former student manager. The
student manager then appoints the department
heads. Auditions for staff members are held,
and students are interviewed and screened for
Venters says, as student manager, he has
learned "good taste and good judgment, plus
the administrative duties of operating a radio
The big step, this year or next, Mr. Young
says, will be to "add to the . present WUNC
organization a carrier current or 'wired wire
les' transmitter, similar to the set up at Duke,
Wake Forest or State. This would give cam
pus coverage that could be picked up on any
With this transmitter, the station could
carry on double-programing, continuing their
usual high quality programs and carrying also
a lighter program. The present staff of about
35, however, is not large enough for double
programming. It may still be possible to in
stall this type of transmitter so that the pres
ent programming could be picked up on any
receiver on campus.
WUNC produces a wide variety of shows,
from Phillips Russell's news commentary to
...Operations Manager Joe Young --(h)
Traffic Manager Butch Culbrcth (r.
things over with Venters.
Evening Masterwork, a program of Classical
music from 10:05 to 11:30 p. m., "not only
played by but bought by the students." FM,
which is static-free, lends itself to high quali
ty, especially in music.
Aside from locally-produced shows and spe
cial events broadcasts, programs are provided
through the British Broadcasting Corporation,
the French Broadcasting System, the Canadian
Broadcasting System and other foreign,- com
panies, including ones in Belgium and the Ne
therlands. The National Association of Educational
Broadcasters, the NAEB, provides programs
through a tape network.
Aflhough WUNC receives relatively few
letters, Mr. Young says in over 300 letters
there has been no protest, but only "glowing
reactions." These letters, though few in num
ber, come from an enthusiastic audience of
people who enjoy quality in radio listening.
WUNC, Mr. Yohng and the students who
carry on the work have succeeded in their
aim, "an attempt to provide a broadcast ser-
vice not usually available."
'Yeah, Uh Huh, Sounds Fine
Can't Dd That To George
Site- oi 'thfr jrnvtky "
daily except Monday,
examination and vaca
tion periods and sum
mer terms. Entered as
second class matter at
the post office in
Chapel Hill, N. C, un
der the Act at March
8, 1879. Subscription
rates: mailed, $4 per
fear, $2.50 a semester;
delivered, $3 a year,
$3.50 a semester.
LOUIS KRAAR, ED YODER
News Editor '
City Editor :
Night Editor for this Issue
.Eddie Crutchf ield f
SIX , WC girls got bored one
day last week, so they threw a
cocktail party in the gameroom
of Elliott Hall, WC's student
The girls hurried to town in
the early afternoon to purchase
cocktail glasses at 19 cents each.
Then they scurried back to their
dorms to dress in slick cocktail
dresses arid fur capes.
After the usual gab of a cock
tail party and a round or two
of drinks, the group called it
quits for the day. Everyone
agreed that it was the best cock
tail party they'd ever been to
Incidentally, the drinks were
cheaper than the 19-cent glasses.
The girls had cokes.
AFTER YEARS of advertise
ments with movie stars proclaim
ing the quality of products and
services, the ad hucksters have
finally turned back to the old
masters of words.
Take the current issue of
"The New Yorker," for exam
ple. Rand-McNally, a company
that maps the world, has a writ
er called Thomas Wolfe doing
the copy. Actually, it's a quote
from a book called "Of Time
And The River," and the passage
is most appropriate.
The March of Dimes used a
full-page ad with copy written
by poet A. E. Housman. And
WQXR, the New York Times
radio station, quotes Alphonse
Daudet in its ad.
Who knows, you might even
make the ad pages these days if
you write a great work.
I"" U v I1 -ft
The Greensboro Daily News
Somebody in Chapel Hill got bit by a
collie, as we understand it, and so the
police picked up a gentle old collie nam
ed George with the idea that George's
execution would serve as an example to
Immediately, of sourse, George had
his defenders. Among them was Paul
Smith, owner of the Intimate Bookshop
where George used to browse. He (Mr.
Smith that is) wrote the Chapel Hill
"It seems to me that something rather
fine about the kindly, humane tradition
of Chapel Hill is about to get kicked
around in the matter of George, the
"For four years the bookshop has been
one of the stops on George's rounds. I've
seen him pushed and accidentally step
ped on, but I've never seen him bite any
one. He is not a biting dog.
"But he's in clink. Somebody was bit
ten by a collie, and George was picked
up because, being the friendly tort of
dog he is, he was the easiest collie to
pick up. Now, as I understand it, even
the person who was bit says it. wasn't
George who bit him. But, says the chief
of police, George must go." !-
Well, all we can say to the Chapel Hill
police force (and that goes for the mayor
and board of aldermen too) is that they
better look out. They can't do that to
Old George's way of life may have fal
len into the sere, the yellow leaf, but
that which should accompany old a-e,
as honor, love, obedience, " troops of
friends, he still may look to have. Old
George has got it all over Macbeth.
They'd better let him out so that he cari
pursue his accustomed rounds including
a look-in on the literary life at the In
timate Bookshop. Otherwise their name
YOU Said It: Tarnation Editor Replies
Hail, protectors of literature, gather
ers of waste paper and scrambled Egg
heads. You have emerged from the rank-and-file
and have voiced your views on
the "Censoring Of' Our Boy Ed."
We didn't mind your accusations of
slander, but when you said that our
jokes get poorer and porer we got mad,
real mad. No matter how much you criti
c i z e us, the yolk's on you, boy. You
bought a copy didn't you?
Incidentally, can you quote me ths
price of Eggheads in China?
Editor of Tarnation
I wish to take exception to the letter
from Bill Sisk in your YOU Said It col
umn this week:
As a freshman at Carolina, I tiro im
pressed by the editorials, articles, and
columns in The Daily Tar Heel ind I
expect to be equally impressed bvUhei
worth when I graduate. I do not know
of any other college paper which gives
its campus as good coverage or as 'intelli
gent writing as your newspaper does I
certainly did not expect to find a piper
with features like Ilerblock and" p0o
when I came to the University, 0ithcr.
And the sports page, despite its littl"
size because of too many ads onsome
days, is interesting and 'readable. .
Just keep up the good work and don't
let sarcastic letters like Bill Si,k's deter
. . . John Cray