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Vol. 83, No.TS
Chapel Hill's Morning Newspaper
Chgpe! Hill, North Carolina, Wednesday, February 12, 1975
Founded February 23, 1S33
U em veir sully ireuir&dts
by Jim Roberts
The University administration has
revoked its support of a student-operated
FM radio station, Gary Rendsburg, WCAR
station manager, disclosed in a press
Rendsburg made public a letter from
Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor to the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC)
reversing the University's prior position of
support for the proposed station and
accepting no responsibility for its operation.
Taylor's decision reverses support
guaranteed to the FCC in . January by
Donald A. Boulton, dean of student affairs.
Although the FCC does not officially
require a university to accept responsibility
for stations owned and operated by students,
it requests letters from university
administrators accepting ultimate
responsibility for .the operation of the
student station. f -'VA'-,
Without administration support for the
FM station, it is possible that the FCC will
not grant further permits and licenses
necessary for the station to begin
broadcasting. The FCC however cannot
rescind the construction permit which it
granted Student Government Jan. 24.
The University retracted two letters
written by Boulton to the FCC. The first,
dated July 11, 1974 stated that Boulton was
"prepared to endorse the establishment of
such a facility (the FM station)."
Following the receipt of this letter, the
FCC requested that the University assume
ultimate responsibility for the student
Boulton said Tuesday that Martin I. Levy,
chief of the FCC Broadcast Facilities,
Division, told him the acceptance of such
responsibility; was "routine, ' On- Jan. 6,
holds ultimate responsibility and accepts
ultimate responsibility for the proposed
Boulton wrote the letter, Taylor said,
llilliil "'xW0:':0im ; 1:1111:11?
"without thinking through ... all the
implications of asserting the University's
Boulton said, "The terrible word that I
used was 'ultimate responsibility. 1 should
have known better."
When notified of Boulton's letter, Taylor
wrote the FCC retracting the letter. "I saw
my responsibility as Chancellor to correct
the mistake on the record and that was the
purpose of my letter."
Taylor and Boulton both said, if the
University ever accepts responsibility it will
also have to accept control of the station and
thus its programming.
The frequency given to Student
Government for the FM station is specified
for a non-commercial educational station.
According to William F. Little, vice
chancellor for development and public
jsejrvic.cw heFCCj makes these frequencies
available only to educational institutions.
Student Government, however; is not
such an institution. "My understanding is
that they don't give these frequencies to such
stays lo w in county
by Bruce Henderson
Orange County has largely remained free of the heavy unemployment that is plaguing
parts of North Carolina, according to figures released by the state Employment Security
Commission (ESC) in Durham Monday.
Unemployment nationwide hit 8.2 per cent at the end of January, the highest national rate
since the 1930's. The 7,53 million unemployed represent one worker out of every 12.
Unemployment stood at 5.2 per cent in January 1974.
In North Carolina, unemployment for the week ending January 25 was 10.6 per cent,
representing about 286,000 workers who are eligible for unemployment compensation.
The Orange County unemployment rate increased to 3.8 per cent in December, the latest
figure available. Of a 32,000-man work force, only 1,200 were unemployed. In September
1974, the unemployment rate was 2.3 per cent.
ESC and Chamber of Commerce spokesmen attributed the relatively small figure, one of
the nine lowest county percentages in the state, to the diversity of occupations in Orange
Three of the county's largest employers, UNC, North Carolina Memorial Hospital, and
Triem, Inc., a tool firm in Carrboro. have not laid off any workers in the last six months.
Spokesmen for North Carolina Blue Cross Blue Shield, the county's third largest employer,
could not be contacted for comment.
Of the 30 manufacturing firms in Orange County, the General Electric plant in Mebane is
the largest, employing about 400 workers. A GE spokesman said there have been no layoffs
or cutbacks there in the last year. '
According to statewide figures released by the ESC last week, Union, Rutherford, Swain
and Macon counties were hardest hit by the recession, each reporting unemployment figures
of 30 per cent or higher.
things as student governments," Little said.
The University, however, is such an
institution and it has a frequency for its own
new station, WUNC-FM.
In his letter to the FCC Chancellor Taylor
said WUNC-FM "represents the total effort
of the University at Chapel Hill in public
radio; the University cannot assume
responsibility for a second FM radio station
in this community."
WUNC-FM station director Donald M.
Trapp said last week he was opposed to
student stations taking frequencies which
could be used for full-service public stations.
Little said Trapp had nothing to do with
the University's decision to retract Boulton's
letters to the FCC.
Trapp, however, said Tuesday he brought
the issue to the attention of the University
officials. He declined to specify with which
official he discussed the matter.
Trapp "urged that the University look into
what was evolving. It seemed strange that the
students were going to run the station while
the University was going to be responsible'
for it." -
Tuesday, Trapp said his feelings about the
frequency did influence his decision to go to
the University to bring the matter to its
Boulton , first became aware of the
implications of his letter to the FCC stating
the University's full responsibility for the
station when he was asked by Little if the
power of the proposed station would be 10
Boulton said, "1 didn't know the difference
between 10 watts and 10 kilowatts. It was
then that I decided to do my homework."
When Little found that the station was to
have a power of 10 kilowatts he "asked to
look at Boulton's file of the station. I then
became aware for the first time that the
pledge for ultimate responsibility . was
-erroneous? Little said he; then inf orrned : ;
Taylor of the commitment Boulton had
As Boulton became aware of the
implications of his commitment, he decided
to write the FCC and request a retraction of
his letters.. According to Boulton, he
informed Student Body President Marcus
Williams of his decision just prior to
Williams' receiving of the telegram notifying
him that the FCC had approved the
According to Little, the telegram
prompted Taylor to send his own letter to the
FCC, requesting retraction of Boulton's
support. Along with Taylor's letter, Boulton
i made an additional request for the
withdrawal of the letters and an apology to
Williams said, "Presently, we are in a state
of limbo. We will not capitulate on our
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The joys of a single
James resident Delmar Wiiiiams, who has a single room to
himself this spring since his roommate moved out, heads a
group of about 65 students attempting to appeal Housing
director James D. Condie's recent decision to double-up all
Staff photo by Martha Sttwna
single-occupancy rooms unless the residents pay the higher
rent charged students who request single rooms. Williams'
group claims the consolidation order is an unfair burden on
students already settled in for the semester.
isffifiini opposes fast move
'Relocation of ISC should be gradual'
by Bruce Henderson
Residents of Ruffin dormitory said
Tuesday they feel plans for relocating
the International Student Center to
Tentative Housing Department plans
announced last week specify that Ruffin
will house the coed international center
next fall. The first floor .will be
renovated for handicapped women, the
second for international women, and
'Ruffin- - should - involve ' at raduaf-Sowo floors for international men-
transition, rather than a sudden move.
Today's activity for Black History
Week, sponsored by the Black Student
Movement (BSM), is a film documentary
on the BSM and black life on campus.
Created by last year's BSM President
Willie Mebane, an RTVMP major, the
documentary will be shown at 7:30 p.m.
in Upendo Lounge at Chase Cafeteria.
Ruffin currently houses 100 men.
Representatives of Ruffin presented a
written alternative plan to James D.
Condie, director of University Housing,
It proposed renovating the bottom
two floors of the dormitory next fall for
handicapped and international women
as planned. Current Ruffin residents
would retain the upper two floors,
however, with male international
students moving in as the Ruffin
residents graduate or move out.
"This plan allows for all the goals in
Dr. Condie's proposal," Ruffin
President Jon Mundorf said Tuesday.
"We'll just postpone full installment of
the international center, instead of
doing it all in one year. I see absolutely
no reason for this proposal to be
Mundorf said Condie has indicated to
him that the Housing Department is
more enthusiastic about the proposed
-move. to Ruffin than the international
"The international students are not
required to live in the International
Living Center and if they're not all that
hot on living there, it seems to me that
this shouldn't all be pushed for in one
year." he said.
Several Carr residents contacted
Sunday, however, indicated there is
gr(eat enthusiasm among international
students for the proposed project.
Mundorf added that this year Ruffin
has had an excellent intramural
program and has just purchased a new
ice machine and television, which he
feels would be wasted if the residents
were asked to move.
"1 see no reason te destroy all this-in
one year." he said.
"Ford will release imeoMEidedl feeds
by Richard H. Growald
United Press International
TOPEKA, Kan. President Ford told a
cheering Kansas legislature Tuesday that $2
billion in impounded federal highway funds
would be released immediately to create
more jobs for Americans!
The President, obviously eleated by the
most enthusiastic greeting of his traveling '
campaign to sell his energy-economic
program to the people, also announced plans
for rebates to farmers forced to pay higher
fuel prices under his energy program.
Ford departed from his text in midspeech
to accuse the Democratic-controlled
Congress of delaying a solution to the
Waving a paper he said was Congress's
four-page proposal to delay the oil import
fee hike. Ford said Congress had been
"wasting its time on.. .something that goes
backward like this."
Ford said the highway-mass transit funds
will create an estimated 1 25,000 jobs and can
be put to work by states as early as June 30.
He said details of his rebate plan for farmers
would be announced "within the next few
In Washington, chairman Jennings
Randolph, D-W.Va., of the Senate Public
Works Committee said, "This money will
have the double impact of easing
unemployment and helping states to build
needed roads. More than 300,000 jobs could
result from the expenditure of these funds."
Ford had a 3!-hour luncheon with the
governors of ten midwestern states.
"We had a good meeting," he said later.
Indications were the governors gave him a
hard time on some aspects of his energy
Two governors Dan Walker of Illinois
and Richard F. Kneip of South Dakota
told Ford their states did not have matching
funds to put up for the highway program.
Walker suggested the federal government
put up the entire amount, but Ford
explained the federal highway act prohibits
In Washington. Agriculture Secretary
Earl L. Butz urged Congressional approval
of Ford's proposal to provide fuel increase
rebates for farmers, saying it would head off
an increase in the cost of producing food.
Department figures indicated it could
result in rebates of about $469 million to the
victims ek- help for MnfigFninis fff ectts
by Linda Lowe
First of two articles
Laura (not her real name) used to stop for a
beer after work. Now she's afraid to te out alone
One night last August, she was driving home
from Chapel Hill on a county road when a car
pulled up beside her. It continued to follow her
closely, even after she left the main highway.
When she got to her driveway, she no longer saw
the car and thought she was safe.
"But he had gotten out of his car a car didn't
follow me, only a person did so Ididn'Lsee his
lights. He grabbed me out of the window."
Laura was one of 1 1 women involved in actual
or attempted rapes in Chapel Hill last year,
according to police.
Unlike most of these women, Laura has
sought help from the hospital, the Rape Crisis
Center, the police, the courts. The decision to tell
someone probably has changed rape's impact oh
. her, rape victim counselor Milton Carothers
said. . 'x
"Whether it's a trained counselor doesn't
matter much," he said. "Often a friend or
someone else who's supportive and accepting can
do just as. well.".
One agency where the victim can be
reasonably sure of a sympathetic ear is the
Chapel Hill-Carrboro Rape Crisis Center,.
Women who call 967-RAPE immediately
after being raped "can be hysterical, crying,
angry, completely calm and rational or like a
zombie," center coordinator Sherry Graham
. Laura did not call the center immediately.
"If I had known that night (about the center),"
she said in a recent interview, "for one thing, 1
think I could have had better treatment at the
hospital, maybe, because they know how to
Laura has since gone to the center for moral
support during the trial this winter of her accused
For those like her who come weeks or months
after being raped, the center will provide counsel
for the victim and her family and can arrange for
a menstrual extraction ($80) or abortion ($150).
One woman came to the Center 1 6 years after her
rape, and as a result, finally told her husband
Although that woman's period of repression
was unusually long, most rape victims go
through a similar stage of trying to forget it
happened. But repression eventually gives way to
a haunting depression that leads most women to
At this point, one of the hardest things for
most of them to overcome is fear. Another
possible feeling is guilt, leading to self-rejection.
The victim may feel "unclean" because society
forces her "to prove that there was nothing she
could have done to prevent it." Carothers said.
. At the hospital, examining doctors have not
always shown awareness of these feelings, Teme
Reice, N.C. Memorial Hospital social worker,
"In the past, rape victims have sometimes been
handled poorly," she said. "The doctor's attitude
has been judgmental, disbelieving."
Lt. Arthur Summey of the Chapel Hill Police
Department said the only problem police have
had with the hospital involved doctors "not
taking or not knowing what evidence we
needed...to 20 to court."
Laura's doctor was one of those who did not
know or could not remember the legal evidence
to collect. She said he made her undress three
times during the four-hour examination because
he "forgot something."
To eliminate situations like Laura's, the
hospital started a new treatment procedure for
rape victims last November. Guidelines explain
to the doctor the essential legal evidence to
collect sperm count, alien pubic hairs, bruises
The hospital uses the State Bureau of
Investigation "rape kit," which will store
evidence for six months.
Lt. Summey stressed that legal evidence
cannot be collected if the victim has bathed,
douched or changed clothes before the hospital
Either before or after the medical
examination, the victim is counseled by a
member of the hospital rape team. The 10
member team, composed of social workers,
psychiatrists, nurses and others, is the first in the
nation to be staffed entirely by professionals.
Pointing to the new program, spokesmen for
the Crisis' Center, police and hospital agree every
rape victim should go to the hospital. The
hospital does not inform police about the rape
and can help with potential health problems
such as VD and pregnancy.
For VD, penicillin shots are offered. They are
painful, but in the six months it takes to find out
if the victim has gonorrhea, a lot of damage can
To prevent pregnancy, the morning-after pill
is usually given, although it may cause
nauseating side effects.
Thursday article will focus on how rape is
handled by the police and the courts.