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Vol. 83, No. 13S
r . "
l!ile of Pennies
A future ZBT member carefully aligns pennies along the quarter-mile strip beside
Franklin Street from the Morehead Planetarium to University Square. The fraternity
raised more than $1,000 Saturday In the fifth annual Mile of Pennies drive. For
details, see page 2.
goes to court
by D.J. Hill
United Press International
WASHINGTON, N.C. Joan Little; a
20-year-old black woman who contends she
was warding off a sexual attack in the ice
pick stabbing of a white jailer, Clarence
Alligood, has her first day in court Mbndayl
Little's Durham defense attorneys Jerry
Paul and Karen Galloway will file and argue
pretrial motions and introduce findings of
research before Superior Court Judge Henry
McKinnon beginning Monday. Little is not
expected to be at Monday's session.
The defense has already prefiled seven
motions, including a request that the trial be
moved from Washington to Raleigh, and
that the prosecution present a bill of
particulars on evidence to be presented
They also want a delay in the tentatively
scheduled April 28 start of the trial itself to
allow Little time to fully recover from a
thyroid illness. They have agreed to a court
ordered medical examination.
Little was in the county jail awaiting
appeal of a breaking and entering conviction
Aug. 27, 1974, when Alligood was slain. She
escaped, but turned herself in eight days
A sheriffs deputy discovered Alligood's
body, naked from the waisi down except for
socks, lying on Little's jail cell cot with 11
Little was taken to the Women's
Correctional Unit and held there until being
released on bond Feb. 26.
The defense attorneys contend that Little
cannot get a fair trial in Beaufort County
because of racial prejudice, and have gone to
considerable expense and time to prove it.
The Joan Little Defense Fund, Inc. was
iormed to collect money for the Little case
expenses, which are expected to top
$250,000 though her two main lawyers are
Some $30,000 has been allocated by the
Haley ttimces ffsimily .heritage
by Vernon Loeb
Alex Haley, co-author of Th a Autobiography of Malcom
X, described Friday night how, in his new book, Roots, he
traced, his family heritage back to the mid-eighteenth century.
Speaking to a small Memorial Hall audience, Haley was
featured as a part of the Black Arts Cultural Festival
sponsored by the Black Student Movement.
""Roots is the story of one person, but it is the saga of all," he
said. "It seems to me that if one knew the black saga, he ought
to weep thinking that a thing called slavery ever happened in
the annals of human history. Haley began tracing his
family line from a legend of an African ancestor who
attempted to escape from his owner. For punishment, he was
given the choice of being castrated or having his foot chopped
off. ' '
The African chose to have his foot chopped off, Haley said.
Since this hampered his mobility, he was allowed to remain on
the Virginia plantation rather than being sold or traded on the
slave market as most slaves were.
Being permanently tied to the plantation the African could
keep track of his family, something most black slaves could
Staff plMto by Ray
defense fund to collect evidence to show
Little has a small chance of a fair trial here. A
demographic survey of the area from which a
jury could be drawn was conducted, with
statistics on sex, age and race of past juries
an attempt to show that juries don't reflect
the make-up of the population. , .v.
The defense also has employed a
criminologist to reconstruct the night of the
slaying for the jury.
A rift has developed between Paul and
Golden Frinks, veteran North Carolina field
director of the Southern Christian
Frinks, despite a statement by Little
disassociating herself from him, is
conducting demonstrations on her behalf.
Frinks has also filed a suit charging that
Paul broke a verbal agreement with him to
give him 30 per cent of all the Little defense
iunds collected so that he can conduct public
efforts in Little's behalf and in behalf of
other women he says may face similar
by Mike Home
Economic depression is inevitable in
America's capitalistic society, socialist
leader Michael Harrington told a capacity
crqwd in Memorial Hall Thursday night.
"Our . current crisis is the result of the
boom-bust mechanism built into capitalism
from the beginning," Harrington said.
Harrington, 47, is chairman of the
Democratic Socialist Organizing
Committee, which works within the
Democratic Party to incorporate socialist
proposals into the party platform.
The recession arose from the "political
business cycle that comes from the President
of the United States trying to cope with a
capitalistic system that no longer has all of its
1 " - - -wwan, liiWI IWUJ f rtt f 4 w
by Greg Nye
Proposed cuts in the Consolidated
University of North Carolina's operating
budget could have drastic effects on the
quality of education in the state, UNC
President William C. Friday told the Board
of Governors Friday.
"Each of the 1 6 campuses in the University
system expects to share the weight of the
General Assembly's cutbacks in spending,""
Friday said. "But we cannot afford drastic
changes which will impair the strength of our
The General Assembly is preparing to
reduce its spending over the next two years
by $232 million because of the recession in
Part of the Assembly's cutback will come
from UNC's budget. The Senate
appropriations subcommittee on higher
education recommended last week that the
state reduce funds for the university system
by $73 million over the next two years.
If the subcommittee's recommendation is
approved by the legislature, $25.8 million
planned for increasing enrollment will be
withheld from the consolidated University.
The subcommittee's proposal also would
increase tuition rates at each of the 16
campuses. In-state tuition will rise by
approximately 40 per cent from $492 a year
to $692 a year. Out-of-state tuition will
increase by 17 per cent from $1,800 a year to
$2,100 a year.
v Friday, told the board that the tuition
increase and enrollment budget cuts would
limit education in the state. "The proposals
will limit our enrollment figures," he said.
"Fewer North Carolinians will have access to
an education than at present, and our service
to state residents is already below the
"If the subcommittee's proposals are
accepted by the assembly, there will be a
general reduction in the quality of student
life on campus," Friday told the board. "The '
intercollegiate sports program also may be
affected. : - ; - -
"Our budget requests underwent a good
deal of self-imposed cutting," Friday said.
"Our budget is not at all unreasonable, yet
the subcommittee has recommended that
UNC .provide one-third of the state's total
cutback in spending."
Friday said the subcommittee's proposal
was drastic because other subcommittees
considering budget cuts have not decided on
how much money they can save.
"It is also possible that there, will be
changes in the state revenue situations
Friday said. "It may not be necessary to
make such large cutbacks in the budget."
Friday said he will soon respond to the
The consolidated University is not alone
in its financial difficulties. In other action by
capitalistic functions working," he said.
Capitalism cannot survive during
financially successful periods, Harrington
said; without responding with depressions.
"A depression is a classic result of
capitalism. It is not simply a disaster, but a
functional disaster," he said. "The disaster
tends to occur in financial booms and that is
not an accident. The boom tends to erode the
basis of capitalism."
Unemployment is the natural result of
capitalistic depressions, he said. The current
recession backfired because of former
President Nixon's manipulation of
capitalism, Harrington added.
"He (Nixon) designed an economic
program to have as many people as he could
working in November in 1972 so that they
would be grateful to him," Harrington
not do, Haley said.
Later, the African told his daughter about his past, he said.
She passed the story on to her children, who, in turn, did the
same. The story continued for five generations.
Haley learned of the storythrough his grandmother and
cousin while he was a small boy in Henning, Tenn. When he
became increasingly interested by pieces of his history that
continued to surface, Haley said he located the cousin.
His cousin told him that according to family legend, the
African ancestor had been captured while he was chopping
wood outside an African village by the king's soldiers.
After the conversation with his cousin and further
investigation, Haley found the village in Africa where his
ancestral clan lived.
It was there, he said, that an African griot, an oral historian
of African communal history, corrobated the cousin's claim
that Haleys ancestor had been captured while chopping
"About the time the king's soldiers came, the griot told
Haley, "the eldest son went away to chop wood and was never
Haley said that when he heard those words he was
overcomewith emotion. "1 shot up, he said, "like I had been
filled with helium. I couldn't believe what I had heard.
the Board of Governors, an offer to take over
nearly bankrupt North Carolina Wesleyan
College was unanimously rejected.
The Rocky Mount school's board of
trustees voted last week to sell the school to
the state to avoid closing at the end of the
academic year. Wesleyan has a $3.5 million
debt, which would have been assumed by the
Board of Governors had they decided to take
The Wesleyan trustees proposed that their
school be used as a veterinary school,
medical school, special education center or a
seventeenth campus in the Consolidated
Friday, however, told the governors that
there was no need for another school.
J. Phil Carlton, chairman of the Wesleyan
Board of Trustees, said after the governors
meeting his school will now have to look at
the possibility of becoming a community
college. "It's not the best solution, but it's the
best in terms of time," Carlton said. "The
ideal solution would be to find a whole pile
of money and soon."
In further board action, Friday reported
that the university system still plans to build
a veterinary school despite a ruling against
the school by the Department of Health,
Education and Welfare (HEW).
HEW told Friday last month that if the
veterinary school were built at North
Carolina State University, another school
would also have to be built at predominantly
black N.C. Agricultural and Technical State
University in Greensboro. North Carolina
A&T also had sought the veterinary school.
Friday said he was preparing a response to
by Art Eisenstadt
Funding requests coming to the Campus
Governing Council (CGC) Finance
Committee could total as much as $100,000
over the anticipated revenue in the 1975-76
Student Government budget, committee
chairperson Bill Strickland said Sunday.
Nearly all of the 52 organizations eligible
to receive Student Government funding are
asking for increases over their 1974-75
Among the organizations asking for the
largest increases are the Black Student
Movement (BSM), asking for $41,886
(compared to $12,000 . last year), the
Association of Women Students (A WS),
$12,173 (compared to $7,739) and Sports
explained. "He heated up the economic
disaster and got unemployment and
inflation at the same time." .
America is headed towards a collectivist ;
society where economic decisions will be
determined politically rather than by
economic necessity, Harrington predicted.
Government intervention on the behalf of
large corporations will produce socialism for
the rich and free enterprise for the rest of the
country, he said.
Such political favoritism has already
caused severe economic repercussions such
as the energy crisis, he said-The energy crisis,
resulted, not from geological, geographical
or physical limitations, he said, but because
the U.S. government spent tens of billions of
dollars to aid the oil companies, supposedly
in the interest of national security.
"We are in the energy crisis because of
such government expenses for oil
corporations," he said. "It is a fate we
carefully designed for ourselves when the
government systematically intervened in the
Harrington predicted that the current
recession and energy crisis will produce a
Bottle of Miller In hand, a student takes a
break from the high life of Sprlngfsst, a
music festival sponsored by Hendsrson
Resident College and the Carolina;
Union. Rain moved Friday afternoon's:
proceedings Into Woolen Gym, but that
night and Saturday bands played In front
of Connor Dorm as planned. .'
Taylor: Chapel Hill
affected most by cut
by Bruce Henderson
One quarter of a proposed $73 million
cut in the budget of the Consolidated
University of North Carolina will come
from the Chapel Hill campus, Chancellor
N. Ferebee Taylor told a Board of
Trustees meeting Friday.
The direct budget cuts, along with
tuition increases, were proposed April 4
by the Senate appropriations
subcommittee on higher education.
Proposals included a $200 m-state
tutition increase, a $300 out-of-state
increase, a freeze on increased enrollment
funds, a halt to tuition remissions, a
reduction in the University's overhead
receipts and a reduction in supplies and
Taylor said .Sunday the tuition
increases primarily would hamper
students working their way through
school and those receiving financial aid.
University officials announced last
Thursday financial aid deficits may reach
$376 per student next year if the
subcommittee proposals are approved.
This year's deficit was $18 per student.
requests may top revenues by $100,000
Club Council, $ 12,863 (compared to $3,089).
"With undergraduates paying $9 per
semester and graduates paying $7 in
; activities fees, Student Government expects
to receive around $320,000 for the 1975-76.
fiscal year, which begins May 15.
The 45 organizations which submitted
requests by last Thursday asked for a total of
$292,741.10. In addition, the Carolina
Union automatically receives one-third of all
fees collected (about $107,000 this year),
according to the Student Government
Combined with the Union allocation,
requests are already approximately $80,000
higher than anticipated revenue.
"You also need to keep a fair amount of
money unappropriated for use during the
year," Strickland said. "Not all the requests
structural change in the American economy.
"The question is what kind of structural
change?" he said.
The new structure can come from either
the sophisticated capitalistic right or the
liberal, socialistic left, he explained.
"I'm not saying that socialism is the wave
of the future," he said. "All I am saying is
-that it is our only hope."
Harrington ' proposed several
socialist alternatives to capitalism,
passing a bill guaranteeing every citizen
.the right to have a job, financed by a
redistribution of wealth;
guaranteed public health services for all ,
public and employee representatives on
all boards of directors;
government management of any banks
passage of the Stephenson bill to create
a public corporation to manage all oil
resources on public land.
Several members of the United Labor
Party picketed outside Memorial Hall
before Harrington's speech.
Foundsd February 23, 1S33
If no funds for increased enrollment
are appropriated, Taylor said, plans for
88 additional medical students next year
and the following year will be scrapped.
This comes at a time when the state needs
more physicians, he said.
The proposed halt to tuition
remissions, which allow scholarship
students recruited for special talents to
pay in-state tuition, "would significantly
reduce our ability to use these privileges,"
he said. Students affected would
include out-of-state master's and Ph.D.'
degree candidates, athletic scholarship
winners and undergraduate scholarship
students, he said.
The proposed reduction of overhead
receipts includes money from federal
grants and UNC utilities revenues, he
The trustees appointed a six-man
committee, headed by . trustee Sen.
Hargrove "Skipper" Bowles of
Greensboro, to determine if alternate
means could be found to meet budget
requirements, Taylor said. "I am hopeful
that many people in higher education will
point out the problems caused by the
have been turned in yet. With possible
-special Student Government projects like the
Student Health internship and the student
attorney, you're talking about a (deficit)
figure close to $100,000."
By April 22 the committee must cut
requests down to the revenue level. The
committee has been hearing requests over
the past week and will continue to do so until
Wednesday. It will begin cutting and writing
the' budget Thursday.
Outgoing BSM treasurer Milton Harris
defended the entire $41,886 budget, category
by category, before the committee last
Friday, but committee members seemed
concerned that the request was nearly three
and a hall times greater than the $12,000
. BSM received from CGC last year.
"We're going to have to cut everybody,
and money is tight," committee member
Robert Esleeck said. "It's not fair to the rest
of the organizations to give you three times
what you got last year"
Former BSM chairman Algenon MarBfey
said, "How would we know what your deficit
would be? This is the budget that we
submitted based on our realistic goals."
Among the largest increases in the BSM
budget are the categories for speakers, the
BSM Cultural Committee and the
newspaper. Black Ink.
CGC Rep. Sheri Parks offered to work
with the BSM to cut corners on the budget.
BSM is expected to submit a smaller request
- M uch of the A WS request increase comes
lrom increases in the travel, speakers and
S Ht magazine categories, according to
treasurer Aki Groon.
The Sports Club Council request has
grown due to the additions of three new
clubs over the past year and capital expenses,
chairperson Burt Matthews said. The
council wants to build a $2,000-storage
facility, and both the Crew and Sailing Clubs
lost boats in accidents last year.
Several groups have decreased their
requests. The Student Consumer Action
U nion (SCA U ) asked for $ 1 2.0 1 0 compared
to $15,400 last year. Approximately 40 per
cent of the SCAU's budget was a one-shot
cost in publishing the Chapel Hill Merchants