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Vol. 83, No. 1S3
by Dirk Wifmoth
The Student Stores Advisory
Committee voted Monday to
recommend to Chancellor N. Ferebee
Taylor that South Campus residence
hall snack bars operate next year on the
same schedule as they do now.
In an open meeting, attended by
about 40 students, the committee heard
discussion on the proposed curtailment
of operations of those snack bars, as
announced by Student Stores General
Manager Thomas Shetley on March 3 1 .
After two hours of discussion among
Shetley, other committee members and
an audience composed of mostly South
Campus residents, Bob Arundell, a
student' committee member, proposed
the recommendation which
incorporated suggestions made by the
Those suggestions included the
by Robert King
The uncertain cost of utilities and the
undecided state employees' pay scales
delayed University housing's announcement
of new room rents until April 8, James
Condie, director of the housing department,
"We're still guessing about utility rates,
and the state employees' salary proposal,
which doesn't even give a cost-of-living raise,
hasn't passed the Legislature yet," Condie
Condie noted that if housing's costs go up
drastically the office would be required to
provide the same level of services it provides
now, but with decreased revenue. This could
force University housing to ask the trustees
lor more funds.
University , housing announced the new
room rates officially in a memo to residents
and staff dated April 8. Most students didn't
receive the letter until Saturday, April 12.
The memo stated that room sign-up was
held before the rates announcement was
made to allow students closed out of
University housing to look for off-campus
housing before they left for the summer.
An ideal situation would be one in which
all residents and staff would know their
housing situation before they left in the
'--as, VI f ; 's ,v & V
Refugees In the' flattened city of Xusn
Loc, South Vietnam, try to board a giant
Chinook helicopter as It takes off
Monday. The chaotic scene occurred
after the helicopter dropped supplies for
troops fighting along Highway One,
some 33 miles northeast of Saigon. For
details on the fighting sea page 3.
r , v ':
installation of turnstiles to thwart
shoplifting and the use of more
University housing and student
government input into employee hiring
and snack bar operations.
The committee approved the
proposal unanimously, and sent the
recommendation on to Taylor.
Shetley announced March 31 that
snack bars in Avery, Ehringhaus and
Craige would be closed next semester
and replaced by vending machines. He
also said snack bars in Hinton James
and Morrison would have their hours
cut to 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. on weekdays. The
snack bars are now open from 7 a.m. to
11 p.m. on weekdays.
Shetley said Monday, "The reasons
(for the cutbacks) are purely financial
and supported by financial statements."
He provided figures from each of the
1 1 snack bars on campus which showed
that the South Campus snack bars were
spring, Condie said.
Condie also said the housing department
will have to remain flexible in dealing with
; reassignment of living space based on sex.
"We need a planned admission program,
which might require an exemption of Title
IX regarding admissions data.'Title IX is a
state rprohibiting r. discrimination, in
educational facilities on the basis of sex.
Rates in Winston and Connor dorms rose
by more than 20 per cent to pay for parlors, a
finished basement, laundry machines and
carpeting, Condie said.
Two years ago, residents of these halls
paid men's rates despite the extra facilities.
When the housing department decided to
increase rates to pay for the facilities last
year, students asked that the increase be
spread over a two-year span. Next year the
residents will pay rates equal to those paid by
North Campus women.
"Eventually, in about eight years, we hope
to establish a base rate for all halls after
which all charges would be based on
amenities," said Condie. "This would make
men's and women's rates equitable."
Condie said he hopes students will
continue to seek the reasoning behind
housing decisions and to learn the process of
decision-making. A committee is currently
investigating the possibility of getting course
credit for students who spend long hours
working with housing department affairs.
United Press International
PHNOM PENH Khmer Rouge rebels
smashed through Phnom Penh's defenses
Monday and all but sealed the city's fate as
the first capital to fall to the Communists in
the Indochina war.
Government defenses deteriorated rapidly
on Cambodia's Buddhist New Year's Day.
Phnom Penh's fall and with it the fall of
Cambodia itself appeared imminent.
In a broadcast monitored in Saigon,
Phnom Penh Radio said Monday night
Communist-led insurgents pierced the city's
northern defenses and battled to within
several hundred yards of the French
by Tim Pittman
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
reaches the floor of the N.C. House today,
where the legislators can make North
Carolina the 35th state to ratify the ERA or
deal the killing blow to the constitutional
. amendment this year.
Although few representatives are
predicting how the votes will fall this
afternoon, most are expecting a close vote.
If the House defeats the ERA, the
amendment could not be reintroduced until
The Constitutional Amendments
Chepsl HI'!, North CsrcHna, Tuesday, April 15, 1975
losing money in the long run while the
others made profits.
The recommendation to close the
snack bars was not made earlier, Shetley
said, because "you keep hoping things
are going to get better."
Shetley said inventory shortages
accounted for low profits in the South
Campus snack bars. "We don't know
but we suspect that most of it walked
out under coats," he said.
When Shetley was asked what
percentage of the inventory shortages
could be attributed to theft, he said, "All
except what the mice eat."
Students in the audience suggested
that peer pressure could encourage
dorm residences and snack bar
employees not to steal. '
During the meeting, Jack Sussman,
an Ehringhaus resident, delivered to the
committee a 300-signature petition
expressing the residents' wishes for
additional dialogue with Student Stores
about the decision to close Ehringhaus
Student Body President Bill Bates
endorsed the recommendation, but said
his staff will continue surveying student
opinion on the snack bar.
He said he was encouraged with the
student turnout at the meeting and
pleased that students had voiced their
objections to the decision to cut back on .
the snack bars operation.
Taylor said Monday he had no
opinion on the committee. I think I'll
wait and get the report from them (the
allies to pfoltesit
by Art Eisenstadt
A coordinated series of rallies will be held
on most campuses of the Consolidated.
University of North Carolina next Tuesday
to protest proposed increases in tuition rates,
unless the General Assembly defeats the
proposals by that time.
Student Body President Bill Bates
announced plans for the Chapel Hill rally
during a meeting of his Student Cabinet
In addition, Bates and at least five other
student presidents from the Consolidated
University will appear before the
Appropriations Committee Wednesday to
argue against the plan.
The rallies and hearings are in response to
defenses weaken; fall
Embassy in the heart of Phnom Penh.
In Belgrade, the Yugoslav news agency
Tanjug said Prince Norodom Sihanouk was
awaiting only the fall of the capital and that
he would return to Phnom Penh within days
or possibly hours. Sihanouk was deposed as
Cambodia's chief of state in 1970 and has
since lived in exile in Peking.
Rebel forces pushed into deserted
Pochentong Village, between Phnom Penh
and Pochentong Airport which has been the.
city's lone supply link to the outside world
for more than two months.
Insurgents set refugee slums afire and sent ,
thousands of families fleeing toward what
seemed to be only temporary safety near the
Representatives expect close vote; speaker
Committee voted 13-3 to send the ERA to
the House floor with a favorable report.
Committee Chairperson Hartwell
Campbell, D-Wilson, told the DTH last
weekend that he expected a close vote.
House Speaker James C. Green told
reporters he would not limit debate on ERA,
but he noted that if the debate becomes
repetitive, he would halt it.
Green is a non-voting member of the
House, but in the event of a tie, he would
break it. And according to legislative
sources, the possibility of Green breaking a
tie is very real.
But motions to refer to committee or to
table the ERA could halt debate and
Ray Bothwell (I), student member, Thomas Shetley, Student
Stores genersl manager end James Branch, chairman at a
meeting of the Student Stores Advisory Committee Monday.
by Mike Home
University administrators will have an
opportunity to catch their first glimpse of the
New Student Government in action today
during an open house in Suite C of the
The first Administration Day in the
history of the University is scheduled from 1
to 4 p.m. to allow the administration and the
Student Government staff to meet.
"We hope to establish a better rapport
between students and faculty and possibly to
educate the administration to what student
government is all about," Student Body
President Bill Bates said Monday.
Bates said he originated the idea of having
last week's proposal by the appropriations
subcommittee on higher education last week
to cut the University's budget by $73 million,
limit future enrollment increases, cut the
system's overhead and raise tuition rates.
Under the plan, tuition would rise $200 per
year for in-state students and $300 per year
for out-of-state students.
The decisions to hold the rallies and meet
with the General Assembly were made last
Saturday during a meeting of the North
Carolina Union of Student Body Presidents,
an organization comprised of the student,
presidents of 14 of the 16 UNC campuses. At
least 1 3 of the schools will participate in the
"This protest is to stop the tuition
increase," Bates said. "This is an issue that
we could very easily win on. A lot of
center of Phnom Penh, only to be turned
back by military police at the city limits.
A dissident Cambodian air force pilot,
identified as Lt. Khieu Yossavat, bombed
but missed the high command
headquarters in downtown Phnom Penh.
Unconfirmed reports said government
artillerymen turned their guns toward the
city and joined rebel forces in heavy shelling
The government clamped a 24-hour
curfew on Phnom Penh and threatened
arrest of civilians and court martial of
soldiers if they were caught on the streets.
American supply planes quit landing at
the airport with the U.S. pullout of
possibly kill the amendment.
Herbert Hyde, D-Buncombe, is also
expecting a close vote. Hyde, who
introduced the amendment, is a
constitutional expert and will be prepared to
handle any procedural problems that arise
during the session. Hyde also predicted a full
If the House approves the amendment the
ERA will probably pass easily in the Senate,
Campbell said. He noted that ratification in
the House is much more difficult than in the
Senate. In 1973 the Senate narrowly
defeated the ERA, 27-23.
Earlier this month the Florida House
approved the ERA, but the amendment -
to visit Suite C
an open house because he has never been
formally introduced to most University
Executive Assistant, Billy Richardson, the
main coordinator for the event, said he
thinks it will improve Student Government
dealings with the administration. "For a long
time, we've always gone and talked to the
administration and we've seen how they
work," he explained. We thought it would
be good for them to see how we workon the
"One of the administration's biggest
complaints is that students are not very
responsible with their complaints; we come
in for four years, then we're gone. 1 guess a
lot of this has to do with a breakdown in
influential people in the state are against it."
Bates said if the proposal is defeated by the
Appropriations Committee Wednesday, the
rally will be called off.
Most aspects of the rally on this campus
are still in the planning stages, but Bates will
ask Chancellor Ferebee Taylor to cancel
classes next Tuesday afternoon so that more
students can attend.
If classes are cancelled, the rally will be
held at noon that Tuesday in the Pit. If
classes are not cancelled, the rally will begin
Bates said he also hopes to attract speakers
to protest the raise. He plans to send
invitations to Taylor, Consolidated
University President William Friday,
student aid Director William Geer, Mayor
Howard Lee, State Senators Charles
Saturday, but U.S. civilian-flown jets began
airdropping foodfuel and ammunition to
Phnom Penh's defenders during the
weekend. The worsening situation Monday
- all but closed the airport even to Cambodian
Acting president Sak Sutsakhan, pleading
tor calm, said "I and military and civilian
leaders are actively continuing to work
without fear in order to lead our republic
toward achieving our final goal."
Only hours earlier, Sak Sutsakhan was
appointed to head a last-ditch "High
Committee of the Khmer Republic" to lead
the nation and to try to negotiate with the '
insurgents. There was not even a pause in the
may have to break tie
must get Rules Committee approval before
the Florida Senate can vote on it. The 1 llinois
legislature defeated the amendment earlier
this year. In North Carolina, the amendment
was held by the Constitutional Amendments
Committee for over two months during
which Campbell was charged with delay
tactics by ERA proponents.
In a DTH interview last week Campbell
denied that he delayed action of the ERA,
saying the ERA was a Constitutional
Amendment and therefore demanded more
committee attention than a bill.
After the amendment had been in
committee for a month, Campbell scheduled
two public hearings one each for the
Founded February 23, 1C3
Staff photo by Poter lUy
The committed recommended to Chancellor Taylor that
South campus snack bars remain open.
communications. I guess if they see we are
sincere they won't feel this way."
David Smith, Student Government
secretary of internal affairs, said he also
hopes this communication will relieve some
of the tensions between Student
Government and the administration.
"Before, we've always been to their offices
with our beefs. Now it's a chance for them to
get their beefs off their chests," Smith said,
"of course, I'm sure we'll come back with
' more beefs."
Among the administrators expected to
attend are Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor,
I Dean of Student Affairs Donald Boulton.
Director of University Housing James
Condie, and Dean of Student Life Frederick
Vickery and Russell Walker and State
Representatives Trish Hunt and Edward
Another activity planned by Student
Government is contacting students from the
home counties of senators on the
Appropriations Committee, Bates said.
These students and their parents will be
urged to write their legislators and express
their views of the proposed tuition increases.
"I'm going to act as a sort of masters of
ceremonies," Bates said. "This rally is going
to be completely student-run."
Bates, who, as president, serves on trie
UNC-CH Board of Trustees, said Taylor
and the trustees were also against the plan,
but said, "We'd rather stay somewhat apart
lrom the administration effort."
The trustees appointed a six-member
committee directed by Hargrove "Skipper"
Bowles of Greensboro to investigate
alternative means of meeting the finanical
The idea of a coordinated student protest
' against the tuition hikes was first proposed
at the presidents' meeting by N.C. State
University Student Body President Mary
"It was just a suggestion from one of the
students here on campus," Spina said
Monday. "The whole idea of a rally was just
brought up in a very general way, and the
reaction was very good."
Spina said the original proposal before the
.presidents was to bus students into Raleigh
from various campuses. "We dropped that
because we would be using money to get
here," she said.
Bates also said at a meeting of his Student
Cabinet Sunday that a mass rally in Raleigh
might have a negative effect by giving
students a radical image.
proponents and the opponents. The
legislative auditorium was packed for both
hearings, and both went over the alloted time
Two weeks later' former Senator Sam J.
Ervin came to Raleigh to present his case
against the ERA, arguing that the ERA was
an unnecessary amendment.
For the Equal Rights Amendment to
become a constitutional amendment 38
states must ratify the bill before March of
1979. Only 34 states have ratified it thus far,
and only North Carolina, Florida and
Missouri are still considering it during this