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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Thursday, November 13, 1975
Vol. 83, No. 59
Weather: clearing end cooler
1 1 r
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Most of development
funds for this area
by Merton Vance
Hillsborough is apparently about to
receive all or most of $3 18,000 in federal
Community Development Funds
designated for this area of the state,
according to informed sources.
The town was competing with a joint
proposal for the funds.
The money, to be distributed by the
U.S. Department of Housing and
Urban Development (HUD), is
earmarked for improvement of low
income housing and development of city
water and sewer services to low-income
HUD uses a point system to rank the
relative merits of each applicant for the
Community Development funds.
Hillsborough's . request apparently
ranked tirst among four applications
from this area.
Although not yet officially
confirmed, Hillsborough will probably
get all or most of the money to provide
sewer service to approximately 510
houses in the Hillsborough area.
The final decision on who will get the
funds was made Wednesday, Jim
Rhodes, spokesperson for HUD's
Greensboro office, said.
Rhodes would not release details of
the decision, which has been sent to the
HUD office in Washington. From there
it will be released to members of the
North Carolina congressional
delegation, and then to the public.
Hillsborough Mayor Fred Cates was
in Washington Tuesday to discuss the
funds with HUD officials.
Officials from Orange, Durham, and
Wake counties had devised a plan to
share the funds. Under that plan,
Orange County requested $60,420 for
housing rehabilitation, Durham County
asked for $50,060 for similar housing
projects and Wake County applied for
$203,000 for housing rehabilitation and
water and sewer projects.
Hillsborough made an independent
application for all of the funds to
provide sewer service in the town.
The HUD office in Greensboro had
discretion over distribution of the funds,
Rhodes said, adding that HUD could
have, given all of the money to one
applicant or divided the funds among
any combination of the four.
The DTH has an opening for a copy
editor. Applicants should be familiar with
the Associated Press stylebook and
preferably have some headline writing
experience. Working hours are evenings,
from one to five days'a week. Applicants
should see George Bacso in the DTH office
from 3-6 MWF or 4-6 TTH.
o vox eif
A portion of the sculpture between Lenoir and Manning Halls
S -: :?x J
Kupec signs. ..again
Above, Chris Kupec, runs in a
touchdown against North Carolina
State during the 1974-75 season.
Kupec announced today he has
signed a contract with the Canadian
Football league. Story on page 5.
by Tim Pittman
Chapel Hill Mayor Howard N. Lee made
some political mistakes -during; his"
unsuccessful bid for the Democratic
nomination for 2nd District Congressional
seat and said Tuesday night he won't make
In a speech before the UNC Young
Democrats Club, Lee outlined his campaign
for the Democratic nomination for
lieutenant governor and said he made the
mistake of using posters and bumper stickers
too soon in the congressional race.
"I've learned some things from that
campaign and this time I'm going about the
campaign with different techniques."
Lee said he would begin an extensive radio
exposure campaign near the time of his
official entry into the race, adding that he
wants to let North Carolinians hear his
proposals before starting a campaign with
posters and bumper stickers.
Lee said he would officially announce for
the Democratic nomination for lieutenant
governor sometime after the first of the year.
Interrupted occasionally by applause
from the audience, Lee said he wanted to run
for lieutenant governor for three reasons.
"I'm a realist and I realize that the
situation and atmosphere in this state will
not permit me to be elected as governor," Lee
"I feel that there are many things that can
be done as lieutenant governor, and the
office has a lot of potential. And thirdly, 1
love impossible challenges."
Lee said he does not think his ethnic status
will be a major issue in the campaign. But he
did say race carries both positive and
Being black is "both an asset and a
liability. I will have a higher deRree of
s-.- woo -'-v v
40O V i
Staff photo by Alice Boyl
u 3 5 01 8 n
by Nancy Mattox
The Campus Governing Council Finance
Committee will recommend to the full
council next Tuesday that all Black Student
Movement expenditures which resulted in a
Student Government-imposed BSM fund
freeze Nov. 3 be handled as routine late
But, the BSM funds will remain frozen
until CGC hears the Finance Committee's
recommendations. If the council makes no
attempt to refreeze or unfreeze the funds, the
funds will be automatically unfrozen under
Student Government law.
Wednesday, the committee discussed the
circumstances involving the final reason for
the freeze Student Government's receipt
of a bill for a bus rented Aug. 7 at the. request
of BSM Chairperson Lester Diggs. The bus
was rented although BSM funds were frozen
at that time for alleged treasury violations
involving the BSM Gospel Choir, making
any expenditure by the group illegal under
Student Government treasury law.
Diggs said at a Finance Committee
meeting Sunday that he had left a requisition
request for the bus with the Student
Government secretary in early July, before
the freeze. He said he had asked her to turn
over the request to then-Student Body
Treasurer Mike O'Neal.
Graham Bullard, current student body
Outgoing Chape! Hill Mayor Howard
Lee addresses the Young Democrats
Club Tuesday night.
visibility statewide, but I'm sure that it will
hurt me in votes."
Lee plans to campaign throughout the
state and into most counties. He said he
expects to get much of his support from the
Piedmont, but he hopes that exposure in the
Eastern and Western sections of the state will
also bring support.
Lee estimated that he will need $200,000 to
effectively campaign for lieutenant
governor, and he expects to get the money
through fund-raising meals throughout the
He aims for a campaign centered around
issues, issues which he feels have been
ignored in prior campaigns.
"I'm not going to compromise during the
campaign. I'm not going to change my style
just to win," Lee said. "I'm planning to talk
about the issues. There are many issues
by Art Eisenstadt
Associate News Editor
Second of a three-part series
The 1975 version of UNC's Affirmative
Action plan is described in a 118-page
volume, supplemented by an almost equal
number of pages of background material
Known as the "Green Plan" (due to the
color of its cover), it succeeds and
supplements the Blue Plan of 1974 and the
Red Plan of 1973.
Whereas the University is required by the
federal government to publish such a plan if
it desires to continue receiving federal funds,
the U.S. Department of Health, Education
and Welfare has not yet indicated that UNC
has developed a satisfactory plan.
However, HEW has told President
William C. Friday of the consoldiated
University of North Carolina to implement
what plans it does have.
Affirmative Action is a program
developed by HEW and enforced by the U.S.
Department of Labor designed to eliminate
employment discrimination against
minorities and women.
Since 1971, when the labor department
treasurer who, along with former Finance
Committee Chairperson Bill Strickland
imposed the current freeze, said Tuesday he
had contacted the secretary.
Bullard said she does remember Diggs
asking about the bus but could not say
whether she remembered getting the
requisition request from him.
O'Neal said he never received the request.
The committee, taking into account that
the alleged infraction occurred over four
months ago, ruled to consider the requisition
Bullard and Strickland froze the funds
Nov. 3 after they discovered that the BSM
paid for security services for heavyweight
champion Muhammad Ali with cash from
the advance ticket sales for Ali's speech here
Oct. 31. The cash had not yet been procesed
through the Student Activities Fund Office,
violating Student Government treasury law.
Diggs and BSM Special Projects
Committee Chairperson Buddy Ray said
Student Body President Bill Bates had not
informed them of laws that forbid cash
spending during a conference with Bates.
Ray met with Bates approximately four
weeks ago. Bates was then acting as treasurer
following the firing of O'Neal.
The Finance Committee agreed Sunday
the confusion caused by the submission of
late requisitions was a problem of faulty
communication between BSM members and
Student Government financial officials.
which have not been raised in past
campaigns that need to be presented. 1 may
lose because of that policy but at least I'll be
able to sleep at night." .
-"Thf position of lieutenant governor has
not been used effectively in the past, Lee
said. "Our current lieutenant governor has
not had an opportunity to be effective
serving with a Republican governor," Lee
Lee lamented what he called the lack of
credibility and foresight in local
government. The lack of credibility has
created apathy throughout the state, and as a
result, fewer registered voters are going to
the polls in local elections, he said.
Among the issues which Lee plans to
address in his campaign are tax reform,
welfare criminal injustices and a
revitalization of local government.
Labeling the welfare system a
sophisticated slave system, Lee said "no
system is good that takes away the dignity of
people. We need to give families the chance
to learn a skill even if we have to pick up the
tab, because in the long run, people living on
an average scale put more into the economy
than they take out."
Lee said his plans for the welfare system
might include a training program,
underwritten by the state, which would
guarantee the trainee a job. He mentioned
the possibility of similar programs to assist
children of welfare families in getting an
In the areas of tax reform Lee said the
state has taken a "piecemeal approach. We
are not and have not dealt with the basic
issues. The issue is greater and deeper than
just a food tax."
Lee said he supports a statewide
crackdown on crime but added that he is
concerned with the manner in which first
offenders' cases were handled by the courts.
issuedRevised Order No. 4, any organization
with more than 50 employees receiving more
than $50,000 of contracts or grants from the
federal government must file a written
Affirmative Action statement with HEW.
The term "affirmative action," which
came to be used in this regard following a
1961 executive order by President John F.
Kennedy, requires more than just an anti
discrimination policy. The Green Plan
requires a "continuing, good faith effort to
eliminate any employment discrimination
on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or
national origin" through policies to attract
minority and black applicants.
In the words of Douglass Hunt, UNC vice
chancellor for administration and this
campus' Affirmative Action officer, the
University must "give it the old college try.
The problem is, he says, that HEW is
apparently not impressed with the try being
given by this college.
"There are certain important parts of
Revised Order No. 4 that we felt had not
been met (by UNO," Louis Dryson, higher
education branch chief in the HEW Atlanta
regional office, said recently.
Dryson would not, or could not, be more
specific except to say that it was not the
Dr. John Ewing, director of the Center for Alcohol Studies, conducts experiment
with Oriental volunteer.
by Laura Seism
Experiments with Orientals at the North
Carolina Center for Alcohol Studies here
may lead to a new treatment for alcoholics,
center Director John Ewing said Tuesday.
"Orientals have a peculiar sensitivity to
alcohol," Ewing said, noting that even
small amounts of alcohol cause facial
flushing and decreased blood pressure in
The center's goal is to discover why
Orientals have lower alcoholism rates than
Americans. As a result of other alcohol
center experiments with Orientals, Ewing
has theorized that the Oriental reaction to
alcohol is physiological rather than
cultural. But these experiments are not
conclusive, he said.
In a recent experiment, two Orientals, a
Korean and a Thai, were selected as
subjects. Each individual's weight, blood
pressure and pulse were first taken, and
then each subject was given a small amount
of ethanol (95 per cent alcohol) mixed with
ice and ginger ale.
The amount of ethanol administered was
"determined by" the subject's body weight.
The Korean received 1 3 ml. ethanol and the
Thai, 21 ml.
The subjects drank the alcohol at their
own paces and drank only as much as they
felt comfortable consuming. After
finishing their drinks, more measurements
were taken, including a breathalyzer test to
determine the amount of alcohol in the
Both subjects, neither drinkers, said they
felt flushed. The Thai's face was brightly
flushed after a few sips of alcohol, and the
Korean said she felt sleepy.
But the Thai registered only .01 per cent
on the breathalyzer test. The state's level
for a drunk driving conviction is .1 per
Although obtaining volunteers is usually
easy, Ewing said, the response to his .
request for Oriental subjects has been poor
so far. Only six have come in for screening,
But many college students have
volunteered to participate in alcohol
experiments for which they are paid. "We
have hundreds of students on file," Ewing
said. "Some of them even make a lot of
Volunteers are usually paid $2 to $3 per
hour but many receive as much as $5. If the
experiment requires an entire afternoon or
admission to North Carolina Memorial
H ospital for testing or observation, the pay
is $15 for the afternoon.
Experiments may require an hour, an
afternoon or several visits to the center.
Thirty students who participated in an 1 1
week study this summer earned
University's Affirmative Action goals that
HEW is questioning.
After the 1973 and 1974 plans were
submitted, HEW asked the University to
supply more detailed statistics, studies and
opportunities for University departments to
develop specific Affirmative Action policies.
Most of these were done to increase the
chances of contacting blacks and women
when staff positions were open.
The University also agreed to review and
revise the plan yearly as part of its annual
Affirmative Action report to HEW. The
1975 plan was officially submitted to HEW
on Jan. 31, but the University is not yet sure
what more HEW wants.
Although H unt is not willing to place total
blame for the confusion on HEW, he did ask,
"If they want us to do this (comply with the
plan), what do they want us to do? It was not ,
until 1972 that HEW published any
guidelines. They raised almost as many
questions as they answered."
A major source of frustration, Hunt said,
comes from trying to apply a plan primarily
designed for industry to a University.
"Order No. 4 was tailored for industry," he
said. "It may be fine for General Motors, but
it applies rather-poorly to the needs of the
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C 'a 'X
Start photo by Alic BoyH
approximately $350 each, Ewing said.
To register, a volunteer must complete a
confidential seven-page questionaire on his
drinking habits, his reactions to alcohol,
and his medical history and ethnic
background. Ewing reviews the
applications and volunteers are called at
random when needed.
Not all experiments require drinking
alcohol. In a study this summer, subjects
were given a prescription drug used in the
treatment of alcoholics and asked to
abstain from alcohol.
The purpose of the experiment was to
determine whether the drug actually
reduced the desire for alcohol or relied on
the power of suggestion.
Ewing noted that some students are
reluctant to volunteer because they assume
"there must be a catch." One volunteer,
from Thailand said friends warned him not
to sign up because the experiments must be
painful or dangerous, Ewing said.
But all experiments are approved by the
Medical School Committee for the
Protection of the Rights of Human
Subjects, Ewing said. The committee is
composed of members of both the UNC
lMedtcal SchooV and the-eommunity.- -In
addition, all phases of the experiment
are explained to the volunteer throughout
the study, and any questions are answered.
The volunteer may terminate the
experiment at any time. No subject is ever
given alcohol without his knowledge and
Payment is made to reimburse
volunteers for the sacrifice of time and
inconvenience of coming to the center and
to encourage volunteers, Ewing said.
The decision to pay volunteers was made
by the Medical School Committee for the
Protection of the Rights of Human
Although most students accept the pay,
some refuse it because they consider
payment for participation in scientific
research an insult, Ewing explained.
Subarn Panvisavas, a public health
student from Thailand, said he was
reluctant at first to participate in the
alcohol studies because of the pay. "Why
would they pay volunteers? Money is not
an incentive (to me)," he said.
But Panvisavas said he changed his mind
because he wanted "to understand myself,
how my body reacts (to alcohol). This
experiment is for his (Ewing's) study and
The alcohol center was established in
1970 following an act of the General
Assembly approving it. State funds finance
the program primarily, but grants are
sought from the federal government and
private foundations and companies. The
current budget is $91,000.
This is because a key part of Order No. 4
deals with the concept of "underutilization,"
which the order defines as "having fewer
, minorities or women in a particular job
classification than would reasonably be
expected by their availability."
Hunt said, "We have to guess as best we
can how many positions there will be, and
how many people will be available to us. The
obvious problem is, you can't hire people
who don't exist.
"There are more departments of radiology
in this country than there are black
radiologists. Everyone couldn't hire one
even if it were only for showcase purposes."
' Solutions to the problem involve other
social goals, such as encouraging more
minorities to become radiologists, and
making sure minorities have equal
opportunity to enter medical school, and so
on, Hunt said. .
Tomorrow: In an institution such as UNC.
competent instructors must be hired, but is
this too easy an excuse to explain the slow
process of Affirmative Action? If not. is
Affirmative Action a valuable program, or is
it little more than a personified numbers