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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Friday, September 12, 1SC0 Chspci ICI, L'arth Carolina
Eusine i. Advertising S33-1 163
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Dy JONATHAN RICH
Although much of ths nuclear power industry
has been hit hard by burgeoning costs and
controls and public opposition in the aftermath
of Three Mile Island, North Carolina plans to
increase significantly its reliance on nuclear
energy in future decades.
"The current objective is to reach a 50 percent
reliance on nuclear power for the state's
electricity needs," said Robert Fischback,
executive staff director of the N.C. Utilities
Commission. "The plans are for 50 percent
nuclear and 50 percent coal, but it's difficult to"
predict whether these goals will be met," he said.
In 1979, 29 percent of North Carolina's
electricity was generated by nuclear power. Fossil
fuels contributed 65 percent and hydroelectric
power accounted for 5 percent.
Gov. Jim Hunt has supported nuclear power
"development as a necessary element in the state's
future energy needs, Fischback said. "Hunt's
official statement could be summed up as 'we
have it, we need it, but we're going to utilize it in
a safe way " he said. The state's energy
demands continue to grow 4 percent annually,
Fischback added. ,
The two nuclear reactors in Brunswick are
currently the only operating units in the state. By
January 1981, the first unit of the Lake Norman
plant, built by Duke Power Co., is scheduled to
The first of four units at the Shearon Harris
Nuclear Power plant will start producing power
in 1935, said Chuck Mosley, spokesman for the
Carolina Power and Light Co. The entire
complex will not be ready until 1994, he said.
Although the high cost of borrowing money
and lower than projected energy growth rates
slowed the plant's construction, the Three Mile
Island accident did not affect the schedule,
Mosley said. ' .
"After the accident, we did review certain
precautions, and as a result, certain design
changes in components were made," he said.
"But this did not inhibit our construction plans."
Present nuclear power plants are the result of
decisions made more than a decade ago based on
the projected cost of various fuels, said Mack
Harris, manager of new services at the Shearon
"At that time a decision was made to develop a
combination of coal and nuclear plants to meet
North Carolina's growing electricity needs,"
Harris said. Nuclear units, which operate best at
steady production, supply much of the base
electricity demands, while coal plants are
regulated to supply electricity during peak hours,
The past decade has seen a marked decline in
the development of nuclear power plants, said
Dan Nikodem of the U.S. Department of Energy.
Although 88 plants now have construction
permits, very few have been designed in recent
years, he said. In 1974 there were 34 applications
for construction permits, compared to none
during the past year.
Nikodem pointed to three major reasons for
Conservation has had a significant effect,
and the demand for power was miscalculated.
Many power companies have had financial
There are uncertainties associated with
political and regulatory issues concerning nuclear
Although in most regions of the country
nuclear power is slightly cheaper than competing
sources, political uncertainties can sway the
balance, Nikodem said.
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Dy FRANK WELLS
Despite strenuous objections from
state agriculture leaders, Dr. Morris A.
Lipton, a UNC professor, said he is
convinced cigarette smoking is addictive
and plans to continue to call for a
change in the warning label on cigarette
Lipton, Kenan professor of psychiatry
and director of the Biological Sciences '
Research Center at the UNC school of
Medicine, was one of 17 members of an
advisory council to the National
Institute of Drug Abuse which
concluded last week that cigarette
smoking is addictive.
The council suggested that the
wording of cigarette package warning
labels be changed to include information
about the addictive properties of the
The suggestion was dismissed last
week by N.C. Commissioner of
Agriculture Jim Grahr.ni who called ths
council "a bunch of do-gooders or no
gooders." "As a member of the council, I stand
behind the conclusion that the evidence
is overwhelming that smoking is
addictive," Lipton said.
He also said he was not sure if the
proposal would result in a change
because the suggestion must first be
considered by the Surgeon General, then
the Department of Health and Human
Services and finally by Congress.
If the measure reaches the floor Of the
Senate, Jesse Helms, R-N.C, has
promised to offer an amendment
requiring similar warnings on candy.
alcohol, coffee, food and other
substances he claims are addictive.
Graham, a Democrat, said he differed
politically with Helms, but agreed with
the senator's proposal. Graham said he .
.believed cigarette smoking to be habit
forming, but denies there was any
evidence that "smoking is like drugs."
' 4 You never heard of anybody holding
up a store to pay for a cigarette habit,"
Lipton said smoking addicts and
heroin addicts each have about a 25
percent success rate when they try to
quit. "Smoking isn't as dramatic as
heroin, ibut a lot of the same symptoms
are there," he said.
"To start with, I don't think the label
will cause anyone to ,stop," Graham
said, "but beyond that, I'm just getting
tired of government protecting me from
Graham also said people who oppose
smoking are endangering the economic
future of North Carolina. About one
third of the state's income comes from
the tobacca Lidustry. ."If it wasn't" for
tobacco, we'd be in a traumatic
position," he said.
Lipton said he agreed . with Graham
that the lable change will have little
effect on those who already smoke. But
he also said, "The difficulty in stopping
is a result of the addictive nature of
"We are more concerned with the
young people who are about to make a
decision about smoking. We just feel
they have a right to know what they're
4 4 As a physican, I'm concerned abqut
the clear damage smoking does," Lipton
Dr. Morris A. Lipton
said. 44 1 wonder what representatives of
the tobacco industry would tell their
children. They say they want smoking to
be a mature decision, and we want to
help them make one."
Lipton said the tobacco industry
should have plenty of time to adjust to
any economic changes which might
occur. "Even if we were totally
successful in preventing new starts, there
are enough smokers now that there will
be no significant effect for a decade," he
Lipton also said he understood the
concern Graham expressed. "But I have
to make a medical judgement based on
the scientific evidence, and that evidence .
is that smoking is addictive," he said.
Graham said he believed the scientists
are acting in good faith, but is convinced
they are misguided.
"Well, I respect (Dr. Lipton), but I
think it's ridiculous," Graham said. 44 A
lot of farmers are wondering why these
people insist on tearing down their right
to make a living."
yo fir? tt t
ERIE, Pa. (AP) Ronald Reagan accused President Jimmy
Carter on Thursday of making up figures to defend a flawed
energy policy and Reagan suggested "that's one of the reasons
why he's found an excuse for not debating."
The Republican presidential nominee, disputing Carter's
rebuttal to his criticism of the administration's energy program,
produced what amounted to a long-distance campaign debate.
It started when Reagan charged Wednesday in Cleveland that
administration policies discourage energy production. Carter,
at - the White House, countered that Reagan made the
accusation without checking the facts.
And Reagan retorted Thursday: "Unfortunately, Mr.
Carter's 4truth' again consists largely of misleading rhetoric
and incomplete facts.
'"You know, there are some people who look up the figures
and some people who make up the figures," Reagan told a
campaign crowd that filled the lawn of the Erie Counry
Courthouse and stretched halfway along a tree-shaded block.
Earlier, in. Buffalo, N.Y., Reagan, tolounion men that he is a.
friend of organized labor. He said they cannot bargain for
better wages or anything else "if Jimmy Carter keeps you out
of a job." He said pickets who showed up chanting 44 We Want
Carter" don't understand his own union record with the Screen
In Erie, Reagan repeated his assertion that Carter policies
4 'have discouraged the discovery and production of energy in
this country." . ,
Then he turned to a point-by-point rebuttal of Carter's
energy statements. -
Reagan acknowledged that, as Carter said, crude oil
production has increased this year, but said it is still lower than
it was in 1978 or under earlier Republican administrations. He
said statistics published by Carter's Department of Energy
show that crude oil production in the continental United States
has declined every year since Carter took office. Reagan said
Alaska did not come into full oil production until 1978, after
Carter was president.
Discounting Alaska, he said, crude oil production was 12.7
' percent higher under the Republicans.
Reagan said Carter 4 'tried to boast about increased coal
production," but the National Coal Association says 100
millfon tons of coal-producing capacity is idle and 22,000 coal
miners are out of work.
"Now it's no surprise to me Mr. Carter is trying to distort his
record on energy," Reagan said. "Like his economic and
foreign policies, his energy policies have been so damaging to
this country, he doesn't want to talk about them."
Reagan said that without "the lucky bonanza of increased oil
production from Alaska which Mr. Carter inherited," U.S. oil
, imports during the first half of 1920 would be 34 percent higher
than in 1976.
"Mr. Carter says I spoke without checking the facts,"
Reagan said. ."' - :-
"The truth is, it is Mr. Carter who didn't check the facts...
"You don't suppose that that's one of the reasons why he's
found an excuse for not debating, do you, that he wouldn't like
a chance to compare these facts face to face," Reagan said.
Carter has refused an invitation to debate Reagan and
independent John B. Anderson cn Sept. 21. "He's. using Mr.
Anderson as an excuse," Reagan said. "Now 1 don't find Mr.
Anderson much to be afraid of. But then, in the primaries, he
found Teddy Kennedy too much for him to debate also."
After the speech, Reagan toured a General Electric plant that
he visited 26 years ago while he was host of the television series,
"GE Theater." "This is kind of a trip down memory land for
me," Reagan told hundreds of workers in the plant, which
produces railroad and industrial locomotives!
', ,' ' ' '
z, Ctsvcn drop's ccu'pturo v:zi In frcnl cf tha Unicn
...msdo out of a tractor's gas tank, pipes and wheels
DTK Scott Shp
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You probably iJays thought it was
Alexander Caldcr sculpture that w
cc:r.n:!Jcr,f4 by the University.
Tut the real criin cf ths brightly colored
ccnvclureJ miss cf ir.rtal ihzt sits in front cf the
Ccro'.'.r.s Union is a rr.uch humbler cn;.
Th? scviVturs was tern vhrn a
Ccrcbr.a .rt ituJcnt conilined parts cf a tractor
f -.s tar.k, rr"S crj v.bc;!i tnj pruned the pL-cc
with muhiccbrcJ Hzl wis ill crs
It fci:nd its prrrr.t hc-r.e wbm its drr:r.?r
?;:;.' :J whtn he frr. J ihj.t h: war.!:J to
! :-,e tc.T.ctbirj f r ri ? I'-iunity to rr.T.:.T:b:r
! ' ;i by.
f ) I : I. ft tl ; t! : I.) f; ..l cf i! ; Lb i n. Ar.i
it 1 .: J f c. .r '
"I c: S f - i ' : t y j :rr y: r r ! t'f
I , i l 4 I V 4 J, , , - i
cijp, the sculpiuiw vitatcr. 4I suppuw ihc
piece just grew out of my heritage.
"I'm a redneck from Burlington who used to
drive a 457 Chevy with a rccuid pbycr under my
dashboard. I like the fine arts, but I don't think
I'll ever fer- t tbi wheels." he said.
And it doesn't appear likely that Carolina will
ferret the sculpture.
Construction of a research library r.ear the
sculpture forced seml construction u'crkers to
move the r.r.u out of their way. They said they
didn't know what to da with it, so they tossed it
behind some bushes when they began
It's not ts noticeable now, but it's still there.
"We don't think we jhou'J just threw it away,"
C" V .Aft T e - I
It :?::: that's whut cerrr.st b-n I
f. r tl ; 1 t ?ix j...;,. Caubnj Union Direct cr
11: .-:J il-.-ry t!. ' .' kr.o.v uhcre tbi i culture
C teams play hoot to ivo tournamento
Cy GEOFFREY MOCK
The attention of the North Carolina soccer
community focuses on Chapel Hill this
weekend as both North Carolina soccer teams
The men, kick off the third annual Mayor's
Cup against East Carolina at 1 p.m. Saturday
on Fetzer Field, followed by N.C. State vs.
Duke at 3 p.m. A consolation game will be
played at 1 p.m. Sunday with the
championship game at 3 p.m.
. In conjunction with the Mayor's Cup, the
women's team will entertain Warren Wilson,
Alabama and Vanderbilt in an invitational
tournament. Both first-round games will be at
5 p.m. Saturday w ith the consolation game at 9
a.m. Sunday, followed by the championship at
10:30 on Fetzer Field.
The Mayor's Cup was the brainchild of
N.C. State coach Larry Gross, whose team has
won the first two titles. Tar Heel coach Anson
Dorrancc said he and the other coaches saw the
tournament as an opportunity to generate
interest in soccer and to prepare their teams fcr
future Atlantic Coast Conference matches.
"It's a good early season promotior.il
idea," Dorrancc said. "You get four excellent
teams together and bash heads. An ACC game
is more important, but the tournament is
always excitir.3 and it's a good way to see
where a tearri is strong, and where we're
weak, and to make adjustments.'
. Dorrancc said pi? Mayor! Cups have
attracted a largs fellow 1-3 cf both ttui:r.:$
and soccer buffi, "We'd lie to hive 1 let cf
student surr?rt," he said, "but there wiiltea
conflict i'h it: feeiball a:::e that m'gh! hold
cc j:s C rr.r -1.
J."N C. ?:-tei,
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ma.e a iuor.z t i to
",.e cf V. : Cup. Durra' c
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let Hual junior Adrn Abrcna,! set fcr a llzk
...Uf.C men fees Ecst Ccrolina in Mayor's Cup cp crier
team. They won't hae any trouble g:ttirs up other team. We think we're building cn but
Dorrance said Duke, a Mayor's Cup finalist
HraJ.r j tb. ur r:r;; c;;;r t h.ive Itcn S'ce
h'A year, could zho tc surpri'.irj. lb: lilue Turner an J Jil n i:.-;t::;b:i.r.';r. wh3 .;rred
Drkils, like many ether ACC teams, hae t! rce tici t;.i CNC-Ot! ttc.
mide a ccnm.mtnt to tirade their ssccrr
"Duke tr.i Vike Ferett both hae
lr.n::::J n.t:r.:;s ft: ic;c:r." Dznz-,:t -Ji.
"A let Cf t:b::I: h tb? ACCerr.rhr.iV.n.'cctr
as 1 mijir r.n-retnue v.-rt. 1hy are
;tndi mere rr.:r :y ju-.t to stay u :: retire
in the conference."
The Tar Hceh cvz.e into lU !ourr.urrr.t
with a 3-0 fcerJ. They d.fc'r.i UNC-
"Turr.rr h--sur I - :e i p- trr.ri .!," D ,rr,r..e
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.xs tern tb? a.ie ftle i'..jr4 by lb
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