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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, September 12, 1980, Page 1, Image 1

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Cebsret Chez Condoret offers sophisticated evening of refined pleasures with fine food, drink and entertainment at sffcrdchla prices. Read ehcut it on Pcga 5. Look fcr a sunny day today with a high in the iow 80s end a low in ths mid-60s. There is a near zero chance of rain. ( ' i 1 v Serving the students and the University community since 1893 Friday, September 12, 1SC0 Chspci ICI, L'arth Carolina WewSports;Art 33-0245 Eusine i. Advertising S33-1 163 r n fl si WT1 l II V v IljIIl o rn nn ill n i Tin R rt i V, VJ' -La. E Jy . . V W wmS f.'cro Cun 03 o o Dy JONATHAN RICH Staff Writer Although much of ths nuclear power industry has been hit hard by burgeoning costs and controls and public opposition in the aftermath of Three Mile Island, North Carolina plans to increase significantly its reliance on nuclear energy in future decades. "The current objective is to reach a 50 percent reliance on nuclear power for the state's electricity needs," said Robert Fischback, executive staff director of the N.C. Utilities Commission. "The plans are for 50 percent nuclear and 50 percent coal, but it's difficult to" predict whether these goals will be met," he said. In 1979, 29 percent of North Carolina's electricity was generated by nuclear power. Fossil fuels contributed 65 percent and hydroelectric power accounted for 5 percent. Gov. Jim Hunt has supported nuclear power "development as a necessary element in the state's future energy needs, Fischback said. "Hunt's official statement could be summed up as 'we have it, we need it, but we're going to utilize it in a safe way " he said. The state's energy demands continue to grow 4 percent annually, Fischback added. , The two nuclear reactors in Brunswick are currently the only operating units in the state. By January 1981, the first unit of the Lake Norman plant, built by Duke Power Co., is scheduled to begin operation. The first of four units at the Shearon Harris Nuclear Power plant will start producing power in 1935, said Chuck Mosley, spokesman for the Carolina Power and Light Co. The entire complex will not be ready until 1994, he said. Although the high cost of borrowing money and lower than projected energy growth rates slowed the plant's construction, the Three Mile Island accident did not affect the schedule, Mosley said. ' . "After the accident, we did review certain precautions, and as a result, certain design changes in components were made," he said. "But this did not inhibit our construction plans." Present nuclear power plants are the result of decisions made more than a decade ago based on the projected cost of various fuels, said Mack Harris, manager of new services at the Shearon Harris plant. "At that time a decision was made to develop a combination of coal and nuclear plants to meet North Carolina's growing electricity needs," Harris said. Nuclear units, which operate best at steady production, supply much of the base electricity demands, while coal plants are regulated to supply electricity during peak hours, he said. The past decade has seen a marked decline in the development of nuclear power plants, said Dan Nikodem of the U.S. Department of Energy. Although 88 plants now have construction permits, very few have been designed in recent years, he said. In 1974 there were 34 applications for construction permits, compared to none during the past year. Nikodem pointed to three major reasons for this decline: Conservation has had a significant effect, and the demand for power was miscalculated. Many power companies have had financial difficulties. There are uncertainties associated with political and regulatory issues concerning nuclear power, Although in most regions of the country nuclear power is slightly cheaper than competing sources, political uncertainties can sway the balance, Nikodem said. GimLirelleQ a win dd m mm tmij00jlmJP r"" mjjm'&1i f3 hj! T7rs 1C (CI Dy FRANK WELLS Staff Writer Despite strenuous objections from state agriculture leaders, Dr. Morris A. Lipton, a UNC professor, said he is convinced cigarette smoking is addictive and plans to continue to call for a change in the warning label on cigarette packages. Lipton, Kenan professor of psychiatry and director of the Biological Sciences ' Research Center at the UNC school of Medicine, was one of 17 members of an advisory council to the National Institute of Drug Abuse which concluded last week that cigarette smoking is addictive. The council suggested that the wording of cigarette package warning labels be changed to include information about the addictive properties of the substance. The suggestion was dismissed last week by N.C. Commissioner of Agriculture Jim Grahr.ni who called ths council "a bunch of do-gooders or no gooders." "As a member of the council, I stand behind the conclusion that the evidence is overwhelming that smoking is addictive," Lipton said. He also said he was not sure if the proposal would result in a change because the suggestion must first be considered by the Surgeon General, then the Department of Health and Human Services and finally by Congress. If the measure reaches the floor Of the Senate, Jesse Helms, R-N.C, has promised to offer an amendment requiring similar warnings on candy. alcohol, coffee, food and other substances he claims are addictive. Graham, a Democrat, said he differed politically with Helms, but agreed with the senator's proposal. Graham said he . .believed cigarette smoking to be habit forming, but denies there was any evidence that "smoking is like drugs." ' 4 You never heard of anybody holding up a store to pay for a cigarette habit," Graham said. Lipton said smoking addicts and heroin addicts each have about a 25 percent success rate when they try to quit. "Smoking isn't as dramatic as heroin, ibut a lot of the same symptoms are there," he said. "To start with, I don't think the label will cause anyone to ,stop," Graham said, "but beyond that, I'm just getting tired of government protecting me from myself." Graham also said people who oppose smoking are endangering the economic future of North Carolina. About one third of the state's income comes from the tobacca Lidustry. ."If it wasn't" for tobacco, we'd be in a traumatic position," he said. Lipton said he agreed . with Graham that the lable change will have little effect on those who already smoke. But he also said, "The difficulty in stopping is a result of the addictive nature of tobacco. - "We are more concerned with the young people who are about to make a decision about smoking. We just feel they have a right to know what they're getting into. 4 4 As a physican, I'm concerned abqut the clear damage smoking does," Lipton J Dr. Morris A. Lipton said. 44 1 wonder what representatives of the tobacco industry would tell their children. They say they want smoking to be a mature decision, and we want to help them make one." Lipton said the tobacco industry should have plenty of time to adjust to any economic changes which might occur. "Even if we were totally successful in preventing new starts, there are enough smokers now that there will be no significant effect for a decade," he said. " Lipton also said he understood the concern Graham expressed. "But I have to make a medical judgement based on the scientific evidence, and that evidence . is that smoking is addictive," he said. Graham said he believed the scientists are acting in good faith, but is convinced they are misguided. "Well, I respect (Dr. Lipton), but I think it's ridiculous," Graham said. 44 A lot of farmers are wondering why these people insist on tearing down their right to make a living." yo fir? tt t 211x31 GL ""1 UH,Q i ERIE, Pa. (AP) Ronald Reagan accused President Jimmy Carter on Thursday of making up figures to defend a flawed energy policy and Reagan suggested "that's one of the reasons why he's found an excuse for not debating." The Republican presidential nominee, disputing Carter's rebuttal to his criticism of the administration's energy program, produced what amounted to a long-distance campaign debate. It started when Reagan charged Wednesday in Cleveland that administration policies discourage energy production. Carter, at - the White House, countered that Reagan made the accusation without checking the facts. And Reagan retorted Thursday: "Unfortunately, Mr. Carter's 4truth' again consists largely of misleading rhetoric and incomplete facts. '"You know, there are some people who look up the figures and some people who make up the figures," Reagan told a campaign crowd that filled the lawn of the Erie Counry Courthouse and stretched halfway along a tree-shaded block. Earlier, in. Buffalo, N.Y., Reagan, tolounion men that he is a. friend of organized labor. He said they cannot bargain for better wages or anything else "if Jimmy Carter keeps you out of a job." He said pickets who showed up chanting 44 We Want Carter" don't understand his own union record with the Screen Actors Guild. In Erie, Reagan repeated his assertion that Carter policies 4 'have discouraged the discovery and production of energy in this country." . , Then he turned to a point-by-point rebuttal of Carter's energy statements. - Reagan acknowledged that, as Carter said, crude oil production has increased this year, but said it is still lower than it was in 1978 or under earlier Republican administrations. He said statistics published by Carter's Department of Energy show that crude oil production in the continental United States has declined every year since Carter took office. Reagan said Alaska did not come into full oil production until 1978, after Carter was president. Discounting Alaska, he said, crude oil production was 12.7 ' percent higher under the Republicans. Reagan said Carter 4 'tried to boast about increased coal production," but the National Coal Association says 100 millfon tons of coal-producing capacity is idle and 22,000 coal miners are out of work. "Now it's no surprise to me Mr. Carter is trying to distort his record on energy," Reagan said. "Like his economic and foreign policies, his energy policies have been so damaging to this country, he doesn't want to talk about them." Reagan said that without "the lucky bonanza of increased oil production from Alaska which Mr. Carter inherited," U.S. oil , imports during the first half of 1920 would be 34 percent higher than in 1976. "Mr. Carter says I spoke without checking the facts," Reagan said. ."' - :- "The truth is, it is Mr. Carter who didn't check the facts... "You don't suppose that that's one of the reasons why he's found an excuse for not debating, do you, that he wouldn't like a chance to compare these facts face to face," Reagan said. Carter has refused an invitation to debate Reagan and independent John B. Anderson cn Sept. 21. "He's. using Mr. Anderson as an excuse," Reagan said. "Now 1 don't find Mr. Anderson much to be afraid of. But then, in the primaries, he found Teddy Kennedy too much for him to debate also." After the speech, Reagan toured a General Electric plant that he visited 26 years ago while he was host of the television series, "GE Theater." "This is kind of a trip down memory land for me," Reagan told hundreds of workers in the plant, which produces railroad and industrial locomotives! i J V- A .Si ', ,' ' ' ' Fcr da yen z, Ctsvcn drop's ccu'pturo v:zi In frcnl cf tha Unicn ...msdo out of a tractor's gas tank, pipes and wheels DTK Scott Shp Mumble orimm C 71 i f j r ( : j i f j I "3 O L an as You probably iJays thought it was Alexander Caldcr sculpture that w cc:r.n:!Jcr,f4 by the University. Tut the real criin cf ths brightly colored ccnvclureJ miss cf ir.rtal ihzt sits in front cf the Ccro'.'.r.s Union is a rr.uch humbler cn;. Th? scviVturs was tern vhrn a Ccrcbr.a .rt ituJcnt conilined parts cf a tractor f -.s tar.k, rr"S crj v.bc;!i tnj pruned the pL-cc with muhiccbrcJ Hzl wis ill crs It fci:nd its prrrr.t hc-r.e wbm its drr:r.?r ?;:;.' :J whtn he frr. J ihj.t h: war.!:J to ! :-,e tc.T.ctbirj f r ri ? I'-iunity to rr.T.:.T:b:r ! ' ;i by. f ) I : I. ft tl ; t! : I.) f; ..l cf i! ; Lb i n. Ar.i it 1 .: J f c. .r ' "I c: S f - i ' : t y j :rr y: r r ! t'f I , i l 4 I V 4 J, , , - i cijp, the sculpiuiw vitatcr. 4I suppuw ihc piece just grew out of my heritage. "I'm a redneck from Burlington who used to drive a 457 Chevy with a rccuid pbycr under my dashboard. I like the fine arts, but I don't think I'll ever fer- t tbi wheels." he said. And it doesn't appear likely that Carolina will ferret the sculpture. Construction of a research library r.ear the sculpture forced seml construction u'crkers to move the r.r.u out of their way. They said they didn't know what to da with it, so they tossed it behind some bushes when they began ccn:.:ructicn. It's not ts noticeable now, but it's still there. "We don't think we jhou'J just threw it away," C" V .Aft T e - I It :?::: that's whut cerrr.st b-n I f. r tl ; 1 t ?ix j...;,. Caubnj Union Direct cr 11: .-:J il-.-ry t!. ' .' kr.o.v uhcre tbi i culture oe'ceir C teams play hoot to ivo tournamento Cy GEOFFREY MOCK Staff Writer t The attention of the North Carolina soccer community focuses on Chapel Hill this weekend as both North Carolina soccer teams host tournaments. The men, kick off the third annual Mayor's Cup against East Carolina at 1 p.m. Saturday on Fetzer Field, followed by N.C. State vs. Duke at 3 p.m. A consolation game will be played at 1 p.m. Sunday with the championship game at 3 p.m. . In conjunction with the Mayor's Cup, the women's team will entertain Warren Wilson, Alabama and Vanderbilt in an invitational tournament. Both first-round games will be at 5 p.m. Saturday w ith the consolation game at 9 a.m. Sunday, followed by the championship at 10:30 on Fetzer Field. The Mayor's Cup was the brainchild of N.C. State coach Larry Gross, whose team has won the first two titles. Tar Heel coach Anson Dorrancc said he and the other coaches saw the tournament as an opportunity to generate interest in soccer and to prepare their teams fcr future Atlantic Coast Conference matches. "It's a good early season promotior.il idea," Dorrancc said. "You get four excellent teams together and bash heads. An ACC game is more important, but the tournament is always excitir.3 and it's a good way to see where a tearri is strong, and where we're weak, and to make adjustments.' . Dorrancc said pi? Mayor! Cups have attracted a largs fellow 1-3 cf both ttui:r.:$ and soccer buffi, "We'd lie to hive 1 let cf student surr?rt," he said, "but there wiiltea conflict i'h it: feeiball a:::e that m'gh! hold downattcr...b;r..-e." N.C. cc j:s C rr.r -1. J."N C. ?:-tei, t.rr:vtff. ...Is i: ,-y r tr... .: J ma.e a iuor.z t i to ",.e cf V. : Cup. Durra' c c r r CI." ' .-1 in ........ , j .... , .: J .. t..'. .MC.ncb. ' ' C r li s m. Mjh Cot let Hual junior Adrn Abrcna,! set fcr a llzk ...Uf.C men fees Ecst Ccrolina in Mayor's Cup cp crier team. They won't hae any trouble g:ttirs up other team. We think we're building cn but for UNC." Dorrance said Duke, a Mayor's Cup finalist i-cavo.Vt team." HraJ.r j tb. ur r:r;; c;;;r t h.ive Itcn S'ce h'A year, could zho tc surpri'.irj. lb: lilue Turner an J Jil n i:.-;t::;b:i.r.';r. wh3 .;rred Drkils, like many ether ACC teams, hae t! rce tici t;.i CNC-Ot! ttc. mide a ccnm.mtnt to tirade their ssccrr "Duke tr.i Vike Ferett both hae lr.n::::J n.t:r.:;s ft: ic;c:r." Dznz-,:t -Ji. "A let Cf t:b::I: h tb? ACCerr.rhr.iV.n.'cctr as 1 mijir r.n-retnue v.-rt. 1hy are ;tndi mere rr.:r :y ju-.t to stay u :: retire in the conference." The Tar Hceh cvz.e into lU !ourr.urrr.t with a 3-0 fcerJ. They d.fc'r.i UNC- "Turr.rr h--sur I - :e i p- trr.ri .!," D ,rr,r..e id."H:,if.-d-;:vc:; ns it ! i C. ; . I ;:. I vi.il c . "ti". 1 1' i." ,':0'.i, i - .1 I - l . l- . ( . - U . V,L . .j ll.'r ( i lb; t,. T. II; 1 f:J ;::J, .ir : -I , i c n, : -; tt rtrd a:. rt. t .t I :'i ; b; rc.'ly O. ; f.'.i.r in lb- rr;.v:.-it; -,.'n cf lb; effcr.".? .xs tern tb? a.ie ftle i'..jr4 by lb "II .. f:.:!r?rt Offc::.; ff'-i iv4 IO!U,k fftun t .b ..! D.rr-:.? "lb; fc'.-fdi t'-ri i-1 lb; li-.l ao ;:r n. I I;.. .4 C u . I V-. rv . " D ;r..' - e " V. r .1 .s :--1 ; . 1 ! ? f 1 . 1 j-?.-!...! ! : t "I, '-: V'.-; , i ,. .1 h', 1 it- it 1 . . wi t . . ( ..... 4 c : I . t V i ... stl e l f:- .. it. I

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