North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
6Tho Daily Tar HselAVedncsday. September 17, 19C0
George Shadf.oui, Editor
Dinita James, Managing Editor
Brad Kutrow, Associate Editor
Thomas Jissiman, Associate Editor
Karen Rowley, iSfeu Eiu'or
Pam Kelley, University Editor
Marti ia Vaggone2, City Editor
Jim Hummel, Stafcr ai National Editor
Vf?) n Til ' on
s h H
I lift I ' I ' I '
Bill Fields, Sports M'ror
Mark Museeli., Features Editor
Lausa Elliott, lri Eifror
Scott Sharpe, Photography Editor
Melanie Sill, Weekender Editor
1 . s
i ear of. editorial freedom
Justice for all
Well, we knew it all along but to have someone come out and say it
is somewhat disturbing. The University needs money for a new $30
million student athletic center, and it is willing to do anything, just
about, to get it. Now, what the University is doing is simple. It is
suggesting, firmly, that students living in Scott Residence College give
up their parking spaces on Saturdays so alumnirich alumni that
is won't get tired and sweaty as they walk to the game, where they'll
probably find a seat on the 50-yard line.
If you have a lot of money and like basketball, $30 million for a new
complex to watch a lot of guys shooting a leather ball might seem
worthwhile. (And, let's not kid ourselves, everyone knows the real
reason the University wants to build the new gym is so the students can
play pick-up basketball).
The only problem with the Scott College plan is that it might offend
alumni rather than encourage them to give, say $25,000, for the new
gym. After all, any reasonable person would be offended that the
University could use alumni as an excuse to threaten students with the
elimination of parking spaces. It would offend alumni that Associate
Athletic Director Moyer Smith would tell the entire University that
alumni are causing the University to stoop low really low by telling
students unequivocally that either they give up the spaces and like it or
the University will take them and not care if they like it. Finally alumni
might be a bit perturbed that the University would think them too lazy
to walk a measly few blocks to a football game (or that a mere parking
space could buy their bulging wallets). What is the University
Then, again, such tactics are not unusual. Back a few years ago the
local police and parking monitors had this annoying habit of ticketing
students who parked on grass and in illegal areas during games and,
concerts, but let alumni off scott free. Of course, the alumni were
offended then, too, and made it clear that they wanted to be treated
the same way students were. So the University and the town quit
ticketing the students Makes sense, doesn't it?
Actually, there's nothing at all funny about the recent utterings of
Smith or the University's attempt to find alumni convenient parking,
at the student's inconvenience. Smith's flagrant dismissal of the rights
of Scott residents in The Daily Tar Heel Tuesday is almost
unbelievable. Late Tuesday (after press time) the Scott College council
voted on whether to acquiesce voluntarily to the University's proposal.
The University can take the spaces from the students next year without
consent and without giving anything in return; Smith pointed out that
this was a definite possibility should they refuse the proposal. As one
. resident said, at least if they go along with the change now, they will
get some alternative parking.
If the council votes to give up the spaces, every effort should be
made by the University to guarantee the students convenient parking.
And a resident who might forget to move his car should not be greeted
with a $25 towing fee or parking ticket. Then, we can all rest easy that
justice and fairness are being served. Can't we?
ilence is golden
"It is better to be silent and be thought a fool than to open your
mouth and remove all doubt." Charles A. Szychowskiaa cherishes the
wisdom of this often repeated adage. Three and a half years ago,
Szychowskiaa decided he didn't have anything relevant to say. He
hasn't spoken a word since.
Szychowskiaa, unlike many of the verbose and obnoxious in the
world, has a lot of questions in his head. And he just wants to give
himself time to answer them without cluttering his brain with ill
spoken words. He writes everything he wants to "say," hoping that
the discipline that comes with silence will bring with it an improved
and wiser person.
For Vi years he hasn't wounded anyone with careless words, hasn't
put his foot in his mouth, hasa't.added to the superfluous noise ever-
resent in today's society. That says more than enough for us.
tv"V? m try
By LYNN CASEY
Charlie Teer walks slowly along the red dirt path to
where his grandson stands with a visitor.
, Stopping in the shade of a large oak tree, the 76-year-old
man listens to the younger Teer describe work on
the 487-acre dairy farm. His clouded eyes stare at the
woods off to the right. Finally, he looks back and joins
"We started the dairy business in 1927. " His old
voice stammers and shakes. "My brother and I bought
six cows that's the most you would want to milk by
hand at one time. "
His grandson, 27-year-old Michael Teer, stands with
his hands on his hips; hi : John Deere cap pushed back
on his head. He listens to his grandfather with the
intentness of one hearing the stories for the first time.
Although the Teers started the dairy business only 53
years ago, their family has farmed in the Cane Creek
community since Charlie Teer's grandfather, James
Polk Teer, moved there more than 150 years ago.
The Teers believe their farm is being threatened by the
Orange Vater and Sewef Authority's proposal to dam
Cane Creek and build a reservoir that would require 758
acres of land 480 acres of that would be water.
The Teers would lose 125 acres of their land. Two
other families would lose not only their land but also
In 1969, the University proposed Cane Creek as
Chapel Hill's best future water source, after a severe
-drought in 1968 proved University Lake to be
inadequate as the sole water supply. In 1976 and 1977
the town again suffered severe water shortages that
almost caused water rationing and the closing of the
After the state Legislature ordered the University to
relinquish its ownership of utilities, in 1975, OWASA
took charge of the University's water system and its
battle for control of Cane Creek.
In 1976, Cane Creek residents banded together as the
Cane Creek Conservation Authority to challenge
O WASA's claim to eminent domain rights of the area.
The state Enviromental Management Commission
rejected OWASA's domain request in 1978, but
approved it in a unique reversal in April 1979. After an
appeal to the N.C. Superior Court failed last spring,
the CCCA took the issue to the N.C. Court of Appeals,
where it has yet to be heard.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers currently is
considering OWASA's request for a dredge-and-fill
A man who looks to be in his 5Cs joins the small
"This is Thomas Teer, my father," Michael says.
The older man politely nods his head. He stands with
-his hands on his hips like the others and has the same
"If there was no other way the town of Chapel Hill
could get water, there would be no argument, " the
younger Teer explains. "But the University has
University Lake, and one of the things we are pushing
for is its expansion. "
University Lake expansion, which would increase
capacity from about 5 million to 12 million gallons per
day, would cost about "$19.3 million. Cane Creek, on
the other hand, would yield 3 million1 gallons per day
more and would cost $2 million less.
Little private woodlands or agricultural lands would
be taken if the lake were expanded. Approximately 88
percent of the land needed for expanding University
Lake is owned by the University. Four families and the
Frances Owens Blood Research Center would be
displaced. The people in the University community
would benefit no matter which water source was
chosen. Cane Creek residents would not benefit in
either case. '
Thomas Teer listens to his son talk, but soon walks
down the shaded path toward the large, white barn.
A quiet man, Teer is as concerned about the farm's
future as his father and son are, but he can 't stop and
talk now. It's 3 and he has to unload the hay before the
cows walk up for their 4 o'clock milking.
"The land they are going to take is our bottom
land, " the middle-aged Teer says as he moves around
the barn. "That's where we grow the majority of our
grains used for feed. The acreage yields from that land
can 7 be replaced. "
The Teer's dairy has 125 cows, and 102 are milked
twice a day, yielding approximately six gallons of milk
per cow. If the Teers lose their bottom land, they will
have to decrease the size of their herd or find rental
land to raise feed crops.
The Cane Creek region is one of the most productive
dairy regions in the nation. It averages 16,000 pounds
of milk per cow per year. That's 2,000 pounds more
than the state's average and about 5,000 pounds more
than the national average.
A major concern of the fanners is that they would be
required to tighten control of herbicides and manure
runoff into the lake thus reducing farming effiency.
Two other alternatives to Cane Creek are piping
water from the Haw River or the B. Everett Jordan
Reservoir, scheduled to be filled by 1982. The water
quality of these two alternatives, however, would not
Tczr d-:ry threatened by Czno Creek reserve'r
...farm produces 600 gallons of milk daily
Ccna Creek farmer Cherlla Teer ,
...started dairy business in 1927
be as good as that of Cane Creek because of industrial,
municipal and farm wastes from the large Piedmont
watershed that drain into the river.
David H. Moreau, an OWASA board member and
UNC professor of city and regional planning, says
there is no way that farm runoff to the Haw River,
which contributes half the river's pollution, could be
"If a problem develops in the Cane Creek watershed,
we will know where it is and where it is coming from,
Moreau does not believe close water monitoring
would stifle competitive dairy farming. "It's very
doubtful anyone would suffer. There isn't that much
actitivty out there."
There are 10 active dairies in the 30 square mile
watershed producing 4 million gallons of milk per year.
The small group disbands and Michael Teer climbs
into a tan Renegade jeep.
Driving along winding, gravel paths, he points out
stakes that represent the edges of the proposed lake.
"All this land from the road would be underwater, "
Teer says as he drives between the remains of two ,
harvested barley fields. "That's Coy Armstrong's
house up there. He'll lose his house. It's pretty ironic.
Coy moved here 50 years ago when his family thought
TV A (Tennessee Valley Authority) was going to flood
. them out. It turned out TV A didn't need their land. "
The jeep climbs to the top of a ridge. Below, a dense
forest winds through the valley and covers several hills
opposite the ridge. A silo or house top occasionally
comes into view above the trees. '
"The reservoir would be where the trees are down
below, " he says.
The Cane Creek residents also argue that a lake
would increase housing and recreational development,
and take away rental land for farming. OWASA,
however, says their proposed 50-foot buffer zone
prohibiting piers and homes would make lakeside
development unlikely. The top of the ridge is more
than 50 feet away, but the view from there would be
great for a summer home.
It's 4 o'clock and the cows ramble into the barn.
"Go on, come on move," pleads Michael's sister
Sarah Teer as she nudges the Holsteins from behind.
Five cows move into the room where Michael's wife
Jo and his mother Evelyn spray them down and put on
the automatic milkers. The milk travels through pipes
to a 1,500 gallon tank. Michael and his grandfather
operate the machines in a ipntrol room. Thomas Teer
checks the feed.
The job will be finished in another two hours and
then three of the five Teer generations that have lived in
Cane Creek will saunter back to their homes after a
Lynn Casey, a junior journalism major from Kinston,
is editorial assistant for The Daily Tar Heel.
I Water demand will stabilize
amniuecDi growum rectiimees me ecu nor soiree
...est, tr. :r v.ct;' J 1. j fcrc i to rr.r.
By ANN SMALL WOOD
If there is one political issue Chapel
Hill and Carrboro residents will agree
on, it is that the area needs a new water
supply. When reminded of the summer
droughts of '63, "76 and '77, old
timers will unite in mourning for our
ing University Lake reservoir, which
they see as slowly tlrying up before
This may be one way of looking at
the problem, but it is not the most
accurate one. What many residents
don't realize is that the capacity of our
43-year-old reservoir has decreased
little. Instead, the steady growth of the
population it serves has created
alarming new demands for water.
In 20 years, the population of
southern Orare County dput!-d, as
did the demand for water, in the his
'60s, consumption was epproachins
University Lake's 3 million gallon per
day (MOD) safe average i:!d. It
then that University utility experts
sujcteJ Car.e Creek as a potential
few pce-le .remember ISO when
effdi!$ predktej'a 10 MGD Xtr
dentar.J fcr ISiX Eut now, w,z:t is
cr.y 5.3 MGD. TT : T") fcre-.t epr
e r L :rs cr J
tit;! ::; i " j
re :r. i . 7 fZJ
: f v r i ' i I) :
o;i r.-re r...
I A v.:'rr. V;
1 1 -
dredge-and-fill permit, the last major
battle to construction of the 10 MGD
Cane Creek reservoir, OWASA
officials again are pointing with horror
to predicted future water demand.
According to OWASA figures, the
greater Chapel Hill Carrboro area will
be required to house, feed, employ
(and water) a population of 162,000 by
2030. This means that the number of
gallons per day needed would hover
around 15 million, or three times the
current demand. Dut such figures scan
greatly execrated, considering the
accuracy of past predictions.
Certainly, the immediate needs of the
current population can be met
adequately by existing water supplies.
With the 1979 addition cf the
American Stone Quarry to the
OWASA reservoir capacity, the
amount cf water available for daily
met demands during noiwJrou;ht
periods. Any drought emergency in the
near future ecu! J be net with watef
piped in from Hil'sborouth and
Durham, which cculi dautle the
I.-.i.tlr. en lit "itrcrj l.kci,l.r, d
cf ccr. ..--? J f "v!;.!i:a po:h,"
G'.VASA r-s r;,:;-J tie r.vn
si . t v.;c, -t.-. . e to rely r 1 1 'r ev.'.-.:
I J i - ' -. -.
1 f - Jt e 1 --. ! t.'.ee-i
a r :.; r ' f r ' . : t ? ' .- z
t .! i r. t
.rr 'it: t
U... Ar: )
written statement. "Also, there is no
regional water supply system that is
being considered that would solve the
needs in the foreseeable future."
The primary alternative to Cane
Creek, the B. Everett Jordan Reservoir
is scheduled to be filled with water by
the end of next year. Since this 100
MGD facility Is a regional project, we
must ask why OWASA insists that no
regional water supply system is being
Clearly, the best alternative
before us b to limit growth. With
that, water demand should
Objections to Jordan Reservoir a$ a
water source are based on its predicted
level cf pollution from New Hope
Creek and Haw River tourers. While
OWASA h correct in pcir.ilr.z to 143
source cf municipal and industrial
pclluticn upstream, accurate data cn
ths accumulation of this pcllation
cannot be comp.leJ until lb: laV.e it
.-..' . . V
Ahho-Jth Jcrdin Resent i? alrr.cr.t
certainly will be lr-,i pure V i' Cc:.r
Cftck, it it tidy to receive tbr "
A-2 water rs'i: it: ..i ii ?
tt.ie tb;:.t ;e;dy tz tern i--.en M
Can; Creek. L'r.i-.rrtity tils nr.j lb:
Ha litf. V.l.lere-.ider.tj r,:y prefer
lb? purer A-2 f..rce, V :l i httl:
j .,.-i;i...'. .1 f-:r d::- " I C;r't CltVL
t :. J per !.:,- d.ntre -"2 ibe aren't d-lry
It h fl U :t,f. -i .inet !'
accept "used" water for drinking.
Raleigh does it; Pittsboro does it;
Fayctteville and ill downstream
neighbors do it. In fact, despite
Environmental Protection Agency
recommendations against it, most blj
American cities have had to accept
seme level of pollution in their water
and have forked out the extra expense
of purifying it.
Unfortunately, the long-term effects
cf exposure to trace chemicals in
drinking water have net yet been
determined adequately. Perhaps the
concern OWASA and town officals
show for our health it warranted. Dut
when they r,k "Why should WE have
to drink pc'iuted water when there a
an alternative?" we should rahe
What we ihoulj be asking It why we
thoulJ consider taking the lar.J cf cur
rural neighbors 12 mi!:i to th? west as
an "alternative" in idvbg cur growth
problems. Clearly, the br.t alterrutive
before us, detpite iti I ;ck of
"govctrrner:! ur::f" en Jcrumer.t, it ta
limit i:oh. V.'ih tb:;t, w iter d rs4
l :.', I ?
1 e ' r.-;u.: : J I
nr M rsind:.''.
-. 'Ctb,;! ; -
lt: z- 4 j ta t!
j .-i i r I : Oy
- tl e v. .". t f t-
: le.br.tb-jy in J
r".r. fff" (Irtfct) 1 ,: re, foi' '
CJtf t'n-rk l:.:;f f.f V-S tit