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Serving the students and the University community since 1893.
Velum 3 & ISSU3 kk
Friday, November 6, 1931
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSport sAiis 962-0245
o um e I r .&ff& t. 24-hour help
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By JILL ANDERSON
DTH SUfT Writer
The volunteer counselors at Helpline do not give ad
vice to people with problems, but they sometimes give,
education, said the volunteer coordinator for the coun
David Donlon said Helpline, Chapel Hill's Crisis In
tervention and Counseling Service, was a 24-hour phone
counseling center which began Sept. 15, 1979. The ser
vice is free.
Donlon defined crisis as a reaction to an event. 4 A cri
sis is not what the situation is but the emotional reaction
to some kind of event that is hard for a person to deal
with ... his coping mechanisms don't work,' he said.
"This is what we call a 'state of crisis' and it applies to
almost any situation in which emotions are involved."
Situated in a college town, Helpline gets many calls
from college students. Donlon said that one-fourth to
one-third of the calls were from college students and re
Some typical problems for which students need coun
seling include exam worries, romantic issues going in
to or getting out of a sexual relationship vacations
and relationships with parents.
Donlon said he felt that most of these problems could
be solved, or were on the way to being solved, within
half an hour to an hour of a phone call to Helpline. He
said that there were no typical cases that college students
had. "They're (the cases) so different that it's hard to
say any one is typical."
Donlon gives an example of a frequent problem that a
younger college student may have. The caller, "...
somebody, say a freshman or sophomore, who is pres
sured and does something and is feeling uncomfortable.
Maybe they've had their first sexual experience, or got
really drunk, or did some minor vandalism. They have a
'now what?' situation." v
Spending a lot of time talking seems to be the best
answer for this type of problem, Donlon said. "We
spend a good amount of time talking exploring how
they feel. We look at every aspect, check out reality.
. "The person may be afraid of one particular thing in
the future, some outcome from the problem. We work
toward a plan to deal with the confrontation, how best
to approach it, what direction in which to go."
The volunteer phorie answerers at Helpline must go
through training before being qualified as a counselor.
This training includes 34 hours of classes in which the
volunteer learns communication techniques and
The training also includes lectures, practice role play
ing, and experimental exercises. In addition to the 34
hours, there is a 12-hour apprenticeship in which the
volunteer learns the mechanics of the phone room and
make practice calls.
Helpline volunteers range from age 19 to 82, with the
average age over 30 years.
One-third of the volunteers are students at UNC,
some of which are doing graduate work. Donlon is one
graduate student who works for Helpline; he is currently
working on his M.A. in social work. He started as a
volunteer and has been on the paid staff since 1980.
Donlon's other experiences with counseling centers
have been as a volunteer coordinator for another North
Carolina center in 1978 and also as a director fo a center
in Ontario, Calif., in 1977.
Helpline holds training groups for volunteers four
times a year, and each group has a maximum of 25 peo
ple. For more information about Helpline and becoming
a volunteer or for help in solving a problem, call
"I want to emphasize that we do not give advice,"
Donlon said. "We want to make people aware of all
their feelings. We don't have the answers. We believe
they (those with problems) have the answers but. need
someone else to get to them so things will become
Durham also has a crisis center, Hassle House. Hassle
House not only has a 24-hour phone line 688-4353
it also provides face-to-face counseling from 8:30-11:30 .
Hassle House, like Helpline, is situated in a college
town and therefore counsels students from Duke Univer
sity and North Carolina Central University. Dusty
See CRISIS on page 2
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David Denlon, volunteer coordinator for Counseling Service
... Helpline is a 24-hour center geared toward students
prof its not to
By MARK SCHOEN
DTH Staff Writer
Despite lingering rumors to the contrary, the policy
of assigning profits made by the UNC Student Stores
to the Department of Athletics for athletic scholar
ships has been discontinued.
The misconception concerning profits is one of a
number that students may have about how their cam
pus store operates. They can be sure, however, that
when they buy a shirt or book from the Student
Stores, no part of the money will go to pay for an
athlete's education, Student Stores general manager
Thomaf A, Shetley said recently. -, u .r:Js,
"Many years ago a small portion did go to the AthT
letic Association. That was the policy a long time ago,"
Shetley said. "That was discontinued though when the
trustees (Board of Trustees) decreed that all the earn
ings go to provide scholarships for finalcial aid."
A portion of that money goes to the Student Aid
office and is placed in the general fund, said Mary
Garren, assistant director for employment at Student
"The allocation is made by the Chancellor, and the
Student Aid office gets some of it," she said. "All the
money we receive is for students with a demonstrated
financial need. None of it goes to athletes."
Garren added that portions of Student Stores' pro
fit were awarded to the graduate and professional
The Student Stores system is not a money-making
venture, Shetley said.
"We have consistently made profits," he said.
"We have to, what with all our earnings other than
capital plowed into scholarships.
"A year of loss would be devastating," he said.
"We can't do anything to threaten service to future
generations of students."
During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1981, the
Student Stores system which includes the stores
housed in the Daniels Building, the Caduceus
medical book store, and the campus-wide snack bars
made a total of $815,242 after expenses.
"Over the past decade we have turned over about
70 percent of those earnings for scholarships,"
Shetley said. "We have no reserve if anything goes
Although there is no written policy concerning
emergency expenses, Shetley said he was confident
the operation would survive in the event of an emer
gency. "I have no idea that the University would let us
flounder," he said. "I would hope they would lend
us funds to get by."
Standards hurt students
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Shedey said that many people misinterpreted what
the Student Stores were for, and thus would be con
fused about the operation's pricing policies.
"We serve as a type of commissary for the
students, faculty and staff," he said. "The UNC Stu
dent Stores also serves as an ancillary purchasing
department for the University.
"We cannot make our prices too low. If we did,
the mercantile community here wouldn't allow it."
The stores' narrow purchasing power is the reason
behind its admittedly high prices, Shedey said.
"There is no formula for pricing general merchan
dise," he said. "But we can't compete with Revco
and A&P. They have a purchasing power we don't
have. They can sell an item cheaper than we can buy
"This is strictly a convenience stores," Shetley
Unlike general merchandise, textbook prices are
not controlled for the most part by the Student
"Text prices are set by publishers," Shedey said.
"We don't have maneuverability with the
As its name indicates, the UNC Student Stores are
owned and operated by the University.
"The stores belong to the University and I report
to the associate vice chancellor for business and
finance," he said. "My in-store policies are secon
dary to the University's personnel policies. ,
"I am a University employee, as is everybody else
here," he said. "We are a part of the University's
A student-faculty stores committee helps regulate
and set policy for the Student Stores. Four faculty
members are appointed to the committee by the
chancellor; The remaining four positions are students
appointed by the student body president, Shetley
effllatMFe a cits
State re districting plans approved
By SCOTT PHILLIPS
DTH Staff Writer
The North Carolina Legislature ended its
second special session of the year Friday after
approving two controversial redistricting plans.
The plans, which redistricts the state for N.C.
House and Senate elections originally had been
approved during the legislature's regular session
which ended July 10.
Lawyers in the N.C. Justice Department, how
ever, claimed the population variances in both
plans violated the Supreme Court's one-man,
one-vote rule and could not be defended in
court The special session was called to recon
sider the plans.
The Senate plan? which has a population va
riance of '23 percent between" the '"largest1' and
smallest districts, was left intact. The House
modified its plan to a variance of 15.6 percent.
The NAACP Legal and Education Defense
Fund has filed a suit in Eastern District Court
claiming the plans dilute black voting strength
and provide for unequal representation. Beyond
getting court approval, the plans also must be
approved by the U.S. Justice Department under
a provision of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
Sen. Charles Vickery, D-Orange, said this
week the Senate plan probably would pass the
Justice Department review since it was die same
plan that had been in effect since 1971.
Vickery said the main reason for the disparity
between districts was because of a provision of
the state constitution which prohibited crossing
county lines to draw legislative districts.
"This requirement is secondary to the U.S.
Constitution and federal law," he said. "Once
the courts or the Justice Department gives us the
go-ahead to disregard the North Carolina con
stitution, then we can draw an accurate map."
Vickery said there were four major require
ments in drawing district lines. They must en
sure equal representation, they cannot dilute
minority voting strength or cross county lines,
and they must be drawn to protect incumbents.
The last is a non-legal requirement.
Vickery said the courts had two options in
deciding on the legality of the plans. "They can
say we did the best we could and no one is sig
ruhcandy hurt ancf thereby approve the plans,"
he said. "Or they can reject the plan by saying
the N.C. requirement is unconstitutional as it
relates to this process."
Neither Chapel Hill nor Orange County
would be significandy affected by the Senate
plan since it keeps intact the previous district of
Orange, Chatham, Randolph and Moore coun
ties, he said.
There had been proposals to link Orange with
either Durham or Alamance and Guilford
Counties, Vickery said. "This would have
changed us from being the major county in the
district to the smallest. We would have been the
tail on the dog and gotten wagged."
Rep. Patricia Hunt, D-Orange, said the
House plan needed a variance of under 10 per
cent to be acceptable, but the problem there was
also the inability to cross county lines. "The
only way to get the variance down is to go to
single-member districts," she said, "but to do
that we'll have to violate the N.C.
Hunt said she had taken an oath to uphold
the state and national constitutions, but if the
two disagreed, as in this case, the national
would take precedence.
If the district court finds either of the plans
unfair, then the three judges deciding the case
could redraw the districts, she said. If the plans
are sent back to the legislature, the houses must
reconvene either by cajling themselves back into
session ofby having the governor issue a "state
of emergency" proclamation. :
Hunt said the House plan could have a major
impact on the area since it added predominantly
Republican Randolph County to the present
predominandy Democratic district of Orange
and Chatham Counties. "Voter registration in
Randolph is split almost perfectly, but in elec
tions it votes substantially Republican," she
said. The new district would have four rather
than two seats.
Before adjourning, the legislature also ap
proved a new district map for Congressional
See REDISTRICTING on page 2
Building accessibility to continue
By JOHN HINTON
Special to the DTH
Despite the cutoff in state funds this fiscal
year, the University has continued to make the
campus buildings accessible to handicapped stu
dents with money from existing sources, a Uni
versity official said this week.
"The University did not receive any funding
from the North Carolina General Assembly for
barrier removal projects for the fiscal year .
1981- 1982," said Douglas S. Hunt, a special
assistant to the chancellor in charge of the
school's legal compliance with legislation for the
"The legislature did allocate $75,000 for the
1982- 1983 fiscal year for barrier removal pro
jects," he said.
, A fiscal year lasts from July 1 to June 30 of
the next year for the University.
Hunt said he did not know why the legislature
did not fund for barrier removal this fiscal year,
but that there was money remaining from pre
vious years with which the University would
State and federal regulations require that pu
blic buildings be made accessible for the handi
capped. Because the University meets the fede
ral guidelines, it should meet the state guidelines
also, Hunt said.
"This University started making this campus
accessible for the handicapped students under
state law years before the federal guidelines
took effect in 1977," Hunt said. "We will con
tinue to make the campus accessible for handi
Tom Shumate, an architect in charge of
building improvements at the University, said
there were new projects to accommodate handi
The University will replace doors hindering
handicapped students at Rosenau Hall and build
an interior ramp and elevated walkway for
Venable Hall, Shumate said. ...
Ramps were recently completed at Steele
Building and Murphy Hall for disabled stu
dents. About 82 handicapped students are en
rolled at the University, Hunt said.
"The University is doing all it can for handi
capped students," said Laura Thomas, an assis
tant dean for handicapped services. She said
that no campus in the UNC system received
money from the General Assembly for handi
A handicapped student said that cutoff of
funds might hurt the University's plans to make
the campus accessible.
Michael Dixon, a senior from Elizabeth City
said she hoped that the University would make
attempts to replace the lost money. "
NCo scliools affected Iby taiieli ciiits
By SUZETTE ROACH
DTH Staff Writer
Federal budget cuts in the school lunch pro
gram are having a strong impact in North Caro
lina schools this year, and school officials say
needy and non-needy children alike are being
affected by the cuts.
Almost $9 million has been lost to North
Carolina's school lunch programs as a result of
the budget cuts said Ann Smith, director of the
child nutrition division of the North Carolina
Department of Public Instruction. Although
reimbursements for free lunches have not been
reduced, the subsidy for reduced price lunches
has been lowered from 82 cents to 69 cents, and
for paid lunches from 16 cents to 10.5 cents.
Students also have been affected by tightened
eligibility standards.. Many students who were
receiving free lunches now must pay a reduced
rate of 40 cents. Since many of these students
are from large families, the costs add up quick
ly, Smith said.
The number of children participating in the
reduced-price ' program in Chapel Hill has
decreased from 150 last year to75 this year,
Mary Carmichael, director "of school food ser
vice for Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools said..
"This is a result of both tightened eligibility
standards and a reduction in participation caus
ed by the increase in price," she said.
' "The bottom line is that we have lost support
in program participation," Smith said. She said
there had been a drop in participation of more
than 13 percent so far this year, or 113,000
fewer meals being served in North Carolina
Smith said price increases had caused many
students to stop buying lunch. "Systems have
been forced to increase prices about 20 cents
from 65 to 85 cents per plate in most districts,
she said. VA lot of parents felt like they just
couldn't afford that," she said.
Participation also is down in the Chapel Hill
Carrboro schools. "Our participation is way.
down in the first few days of school it was
down 29 percent," Carmichael said.
Decreasing participation increases costs for
schools, which operate most cheaply and effi
ciently at a high volume of participants, Smith
said. "Anything that keeps student participa
tion at the highest possible level allows everyone
to have cheaper meals," she said. 1
Innovations such as salad bars, buffet lines
and giving students more choices are being tried
to attract students to the lunch program, Smith
Other measures also are being taken to offset
the budget cuts. Smith cited a general tightening
up and increased efficiency in buying and pre
paring meals. "We're cutting corners every
where but in (the quality and amount of) food,"
Many schools are trying to cut their labor
costs as well. Smith said more attention was
being paid to the number of hours it took to
prepare and serve the food.
The Chapel Hill-Carrboro schools have
changed to having one server on the line instead
of two in an effort to cut costs, Carmichael said.
Carmichael stressed the importance of public
relations in attracting people to the lunch pro
gram. "It's still the best bargain in food there
is," Carmichael said.
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As part of Homecoming activities, the UNC cheerleaders encourage crowd participation
at the pep rally held Thursday in the Pit. Festivities will continue today and Saturday as
the Heels get ready for their showdown with Clemson.