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6H"he Daily Tar HeelfThursday. November 1?. 1981
iCasarda re for cities
Jim Hummel, ham
Susan Mauney. Mamt Edit
Geoffrey Mock. abmuk Edit
BETH BURRELL. Associate Editor
Edwina Ralston, Univmity Editor
Rachel Perry. cuy Edit
CHARLES HERNDON, Suite and Natioml Editor
Clifton Barnes. Spom Ediw
LEAH TALLEY. Am Editor
Keith King. Features Editor
SCOTT SHARPE. Photography Editor
Ann Peters. Spotlight Editor
CHUCK JAMES. Ombudsman
89th year of editorial freedom
Students who like to get an early start on their Christmas shopping may
run into difficulty a year from now if a plan to change UNC's calendar
next fall is approved by Chancellor Christopher C. Fordham III.
The proposal, which has the lukewarm support of the UNC Calendar
Committee, calls for the beginning of fall semester 1982 to be delayed a
week. The result would mean that final exams would end on Dec. 22 or
23, fall break would take place the same weekend as a home football
game (against N.C. State) and Christmas break would be shortened by
The plan, which the calendar committee originally opposed and then
later approved after receiving pressure from the Committee on Instruc
tional Personnel, should be rejected for several reasons.
The first, and most obvious, is the complications faced by students try
ing to plan Christmas vacations. For students who have to travel long dis
tances, the revised calendar would mean a vacation of little more than
two weeks and less time to get back and forth from home to school.
But beyond scheduling logistics, there are other serious questions that
seemed to have been overlooked during discussion of a calendar change.
The University would have to spend additional money to heat dorms and
classrooms during one of the coldest months of the year. Instead of ex
tending the Christmas vacation and saving energy, as many schools are
now beginning to do, UNC would be heading in the opposite direction.
UNC Provost Charles Morrow, who heads the Committee on Instruc
tional Personnel and who is expected to recommend the delay to Ford
ham, argues that the calendar change is needed so University officials
would have more time between the end of second summer session and the
beginning of the fall semester. He also says the University should syn
chronize its schedule with Duke University and N.C. State University.
While it would be nice to have matching schedules for UNC students
who take classes at those schools, it is ludicrous to adjust the calendar of
an entire University of 20,000 to benefit several hundred students par
ticular considering that Duke has not even established its own calendar yet.
Two other options that have been overlooked are the shortening of the
orientation period and changing the opening day of classes from Monday
to the previous Thursday, as the University did three years ago. While not
total solutions by themselves, these and other possible options might help
alleviate the inconvenience the proposed calendar change would likely
cause if approved.
But the final decision is Fordham's. The chancellor should realize the
complications such a switch could cause in the long run. While change
often can be the solution to a problem, in this case, keeping the status
quo and leaving the calendar as it is would serve the best interests of the
Solving the financial difficulties of the Medicaid and Medicare pro
grams is as enticing to politicians as returning a campaign contribution.
Whatever the proposal, it is likely to alienate certain politically important
interest groups. Thus, last week's proposals by Secretary of Health and
Human Resources Richard Schweiker to ease the financial burdens of
those programs were welcome notice that Washington is aware of the
gravity of the situation. But, unfortunately for the millions of Americans
who depend upon the programs for badly needed medical care, those
burdens fell on the wrong groups.
Schweiker's proposals were mostly in the form of limits on federal re
imbursements to provider groups doctors, nursing homes and hospitals
for patient services. He also recommended requiring private medical
insurance coverage for people over 65 who continue to work and levying
the hospital insurance payroll tax on federal employees.
Only the latter provision is justified. As it now stands, federal em
ployees can receive Medicare benefits if they work in a job after retiring
from the government. Benefits to these employees are a drain upon the
program. Schweiker said forcing these employees to pay would provide a
much-needed source of revenue.
Unfortunately, the other provisions cut costs at the expense of those
who depend upon the programs. Presumably Schweiker believes that by
putting limits on federal reimbursements, doctors will think twice about
prescribing expensive but perhaps unnecessary tests for the patients, thus
saving the program's money. Instead, the effect of the limits will be to
force patients to look for costly supplemental private insurance that will
impose an undue hardship upon them.
A more equitable solution would be to place a higher burden upon the
provider groups that reap most of the financial benefits from the pro
grams. Only when these groups pay an increased share of the costs will
unnecessary tests be eliminated. Care must be taken, though, to ensure
that provider groups do not simply pass these costs back to the patients.
Schweiker's proposals have opened the debate on the solutions to the
problems Medicaid and Medicare currently face. Providing inexpensive
but quality medical care to millions of Americans depends upon the suc
cessful resolution of this debate. Proposals should now be put forth that
provide a more equitable solution than Schweiker's.
The Bottom Line
A wack and a smile
San Francisco police may have
found paradise during a raid last
month. Inspector Alex Fagan's nar
cotics officers tripped upon the pos
sible replacement for HiC. It's called
When the officers confiscated a
six-pack of "The Wacko One," con
cocted of marijuana, purified water,
sugar, malt, yeast and citric acid, a
voice from the crowd quickly warn
ed, "Don't drink more than a quar
ter bottle of that stuff."
The inspector replied, "For $5 a
bottle, that must be the best drug
high in the city."
The brew, which is guaranteed to
By GEOFFREY MOCK
Eighty years after the Progressive Era first sparked
widespread interest by Americans in the problems of
their cities, the solution to these problems seems to be no
closer now than it was then. UNC sociology department
chairman John Kasarda said the future would hold no
solutions until urban policy-makers realized that old
policies do not fit the new realities of the post-industrial
"The reason for this lack of success, in my judgment,
rests with the failure of urban policies to give adequate
recognition to contemporary dynamics underlying the
locational decisions of people and firms and correspond
ing changing functional roles large cities most effectively
perform in advanced service economies," Kasarda said.
As a consultant to the President's Commission for a
National Agenda for the Eighties under the Carter ad
ministration and a contributor to the Reagan administra
tion's 1982 National Urban Policy, Kasarda has worked
with a number of leading urban policy-makers. He said
cities should not attempt to challenge outlying areas for
manufacturing industries, but should concentrate instead
on developing their economic strengths as centers of in
formation exchange and service provision.
send imbibers reeling, comes com
plete with a label listing serving direc
tions and a warning about possible
It's hard to guess what the pro
duct's social implications will be.
Maybe the generation gap could be
bridged when adults sit down for
their 5 o'clock drinks and the kids
can get high at the same time. Or
does Chapel Hill have new horizons
to conquer: to become the Hi Brew
drinking capital of the world? Who
knows? Who cares?
But. after that next big exam or
paper, head downtown during Miller
time and have a Hi Brew, "When
you're having only one."
And that's the bottom line. (Hie.)
"Rather than trying to re-create the industrial city of a
bygone era, urban policies should foster the cities' new
rapid-growth service-sector activities," he said. "It would
be an expensive mistake to attempt to draw larger pro
duction facilities back to the metropolitan cores or con
tinuously prop up declining urban industries that are no
Kasarda said that the growth cities have experienced
had come mostly from tourism and white-collar office
and professtional jobs. Further development of these in
dustries is vital to the easing of urban economic prob
lems, he said.
"Along with continuing to foster the development of
administrative, financial and professional office jobs in
the central business districts, the cores of our major cities
should be revitalized into culturally rich, architecturally
exciting magnets for conventions, tourism and leisure
time pursuits of regional, national and even international"
populations," he said.
With blue-collar industries continuing to move from ,
urban centers, Kasarda said governmental policies should
provide employment retraining and should facilitate the
relocation of urban unemployed to outlying areas with
more job opportunities. Unfortunately, current policies
and discriminatory practices in outlying areas often pre
vent such a migration, he said.
"National urban policies should work to break down
the restrictive covenants, zoning regulations and barriers
of racial and income housing discrimination that exist
near many suburban and non-metropolitan blue-collar
job bases," he said. "Building more public housing in
the inner cities will only aggravate the problems of the
residence-job opportunity mismatch and ensure that a
large portion of their inhabitants remain dependent on
Well-intended government policies have unintentionally
worsened this problem by tying the unemployed to inner
city areas of economic distress. "It is becoming increas
ingly apparent that some urban-targeted welfare pro
grams may be inadvertently anchoring the disadvantaged
in areas of economic distress and thereby damaging their
long-term economic prospects,' he said. "Dependent on
public housing and place-oriented income transfer pay
ments, the disadvantaged cannot easily follow low-skilled
jobs that have left the city."
Kasarda dismisses the contention of some that the
urban-targeted welfare programs he criticizes have not
been fairly tested for effectiveness. "It's a tired, old alibi
that if the program wasn't working, the problem wasn't
with the program but that there wasn't enough of it," he
Instead, Kasarda said, the rise in economic status by
the unemployed depends on job growth in the private
sector. "Despite massive federal efforts during the 1970s
to create jobs directly in cities and prop up sagging inner
city economies, overall employment opportunities for
the disadvantaged continue to decline," he said. "We
MCy1 sjCtr .a i urn i jtt wwii mi lit . fauwwmmi n -mm' 1 1 r r n ii Jr n 1 1 1 t r n ti T r lai rr n -j
Saving the cities
The Renaissance Center in Detroit (right)
and the Inner Harbor in Baltimore are ex
amples of cities building upon their
strengths as centers of information ex
. change and service provision. UNC soci
ology professor John Kasarda said cities
could no longer count on attracting manu
facturing industries and that they should
instead develop those industries that are
most cost-efficient in urban centers.
r j ;
1 ir:$ ,
t : t
Courtesy Baltimore City Planning Department
John Kassrda BTHFaitn Quintewl1
have come to the sobering realization that programs for
socioeconomic progress must be built on a solid, private
Kasarda said emphasis on growth in the private sector
rather than on government aid did not mean that policies
limiting such aid were unsympathetic to the needs of the
unemployed and underemployed. "I consider mine the
most compassionate policies," he said. "They will create
opportunities for the disadvantaged. The idea is that
Under a program of economic recovery, jobs will be cre
ated. In periods of stagnation, it is the poor who suffer
In addition, the government should act to break down
barriers inhibiting the movement of urban unemployed
to areas of employment growth and also encourage the
development of white-collar professional jobs in the
cities. "The government should enforce open housing
and non-discriminatory practices in hiring and be certain
that its current policies are not interfering with the move
ment of people."
Without these policies, Kasarda said, the flight of
middle-class whites to suburban and rural areas would
continue, leaving the cities predominantly populated by
lower-income minority groups with declining prospects
Some argue that further suburbanization would be
haphazard "sprawl," but Kasarda disagrees. "New re
search is demonstrating that peripheral growth is not
nearly as random or inefficient as once believed," he
said. "Without the guidance of any conscious master de
sign, the suburbs are evolving their own relatively self
sufficient hierarchy of activity centers."
Because of this, traditional suburban and urban pat
terns are breaking down. The advantages that made cities
attractive to manufacturing industries are gone, and be
cause of that the key for urban leaders is to find new eco
nomic advantages and develop them, Kasarda said. These
advantages will not be found in reconstructing the his
toric employment bases of cities, but in promoting new
urban-growth industries which enhance the roles
computer-age cities most effectively perform.
National urban policies must clearly recognize that the
era of massive, centralized industrialization is over and
that large, dense concentrations of people and factories
have become technologically obsolete," he said.
"This implies a fundamental reorientation of national
urban policies from emphasizing expensive stopgap pro
grams to counter market and job redistribution trends to
emphasizing economic development programs that will
stimulate private-sector investment and job expansion.
As long as the policies are dominated by programs that
work against, rather than with, the modern forces of
change, the policies will fail."
' Geoffrey Mock, a senior political science major from
Baltimore, is associate editor for The Daily Tar Heel.
Student musters the 'science ' of astrology
By RANDY WALKER
At college we think we're civilized. We
have dropped the crystal ball of supersti
tion and picked up the test tube of science.
We major in economics, but not fortune
telling; in chemistry, but not mind read
ing. It seems there is just no room for the
supernatural among the classrooms, libra
ries and laboratories of this University.
The Daily Tar Heel is a good example.
It carries comics, crossword puzzles and
columns as any other newspaper does,
but one thing is missing a horoscope.
Millions of Americans believe in astrology
and can't start the day without reading
So, I have delved into ancient mystical
tomes. I have spent endless hours poring
over inscrutable star charts. I have stud
ied with an old woman who lives in a
dumpster behind University Mall. And
now, having mastered the science yes,
science of astrology, I have prepared
this horoscope for the DTH.
Aquarius: Focus on consolidating op
tions. You receive communication. Be-
to smug column
To the editor:
After reading the piece orr student
apathy by Beth Burrell ("Students find
security in sanctuary of apathy," DTH,
Nov. 5), a prime example of such apathy
came to mind. How do we unthinkingly
let the DTH take our . activity fees and
publish such detritus?
Reduced to a sentence, Burrell's argu
ment is, "If you don't agree with me,
you're apathetic." Oddly, she reports no
incidents in which a student was unable to
reject her views with a reasoned argu
ment. But I suspect she feels no need to,
her views being too sound to be ques
tioned by thinking people.
In such smugness do all pieties fester.
ware of self-deception. Saggitarius, Libra
or Pisces individuals figure prominently
in changing plans. Emphasis on creativity
is highlighted. Avoid Capricorns.
Pisces: A piano falls on you at 5:21
p.m. It's no use trying to avoid it; you .
might as well spend your last few hours
watching The Love Boat or enjoying one
last Greek grilled cheese. Don't try to get
in touch with me; there's nothing I can do.
Aries: Your hamster blows up. The.
moon rising in Scorpio indicates that
your package from Frederick's of Holly
wood will arrive. You win a Big Mac.
Stay away from Capricorns.
Taurus: No data available.
Gemini: See message for Taurus.
Cancer: That incredible blonde you've
been craving all semester knocks on your
door. "Do you have the Botany 10 notes?"
she asks sweetly. "Uhh, what?" you stam
mer. She stays, supposedly to study, but
you spend most of the time staring in her
Finally, she asks you to walk her back
to her dorm. As she opens her door, she
says, "My roommate's gone for the
night; you would like to come in?" You
nearly faint. She locks the door, throws
herself on you and cries: "I can't stand it
any longer. I'm madly in love with you."
Sorry, just kidding. Actually, you get a
C minus on your statistics exam, blow
$1 .50 on Asteroids and lose the notecards
for your term paper.
Leo: You catch the CBS Evening
News, but miss the MacNeil-Lehrer
Report. Your copy of U.S. News& World
Virgo: You finally call that girl you met
at the punk rock mixer. You could have
saved yourself the trouble. . ,
Libra: You obtain insight. Dispute is
resolved. Long-range plans move toward
completion. Is this perfectly clear?
Scorpio: Thank God you're not a Cap
ricorn. Saggitarius: Friends, I hate to tell you
what's in store for you today. Let me just
say that the 1 1th floor of the Faculty Lab
Office Building is open and the windows
Capricorn: You don't need a horo
scope; you need a miracle. Do everyone a
favor and catch the next plane to Mars.
Celebrity Birthday: Actor Ron Flagella
is 38. Best known for his appearance as a
parking lot attendant on The Ghost and
Mrs. Muir, Flagella used to watch Gun
smoke before his TV was repossessed. Fla
gella rose to fame when he almost got the
role of Eddie Haskell on Leave It To Bea
ver. Other high-lights include his job as
Frankie Avalon's stand-in in Beach Blan
As a result of my intensive study of as
trology, I have discovered several new
constellations of the Zodiac squeezed be
tween the old ones:
Jimmy, the Pizza Delivery Boy: Persons
born under the sign of Jimmy are prompt,
courteous and efficient, and they always
have the right change.
' Toro the Lawn Mower: Toros are loud
and obnoxious and eat everything m signt.
Galaxian the Video Machine: Beware
of Galaxians; they hypnotize you and steal
your money. They tend to congregate in
bars and game rooms.
I hope this horoscope helps you to deal
with the problems of the day. If you find
it beneficial, perhaps you will let me pre
pare a personal forecast for you.
Randy Walker, a junior journalism major
from Richmond, Va., has a voodoo doll
collection representing many of his favo
rite Carolina professors.
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