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Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1982
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 90, Issue 63
Monday, September 27, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 962-1153
lews on JLeoanon aire
)peaic-oui on campus
By LUCY IIOLMAN
Ten people spoke on the situation in
Lebanon to listeners and passers-by in the
Pit Friday at noon.
The two-hour "Speak-out," sponsored
by the Internationalist Books Store and
Students Against Militarism, gave students
and local residents the chance to "let out
their anger and outrage toward the
Lebanese crisis and to rally behind the
Palestinian struggle for liberation," Bob
Sheldon, spokesman for Internationalist
Anna Meadows, a member of Students
Against Militarism, began the speak-out
.by describing the history of the Zionist at
tempt to create a new homeland for the
Jewish people. "Hundreds of thousands
were uprooted from their ancestral
homeland (when Israel was created)," she
said. "Israel was not a land without people
waiting for a people without land."
Meadows continued by saying that the
Israelis have been committing terrorist acts
towards the Arabs, and massacring Arab
villagers since Israel was declared a state by
the United Nations in 1948. "Because peo
ple already lived (in Palestine), the Zionists
had to take on a racist outlook; they had
to look at Palestinians as non-human,"
Nasser Bad wan, a Lebanese student at
UNC, talked about the more recent situa-
fled Israel in 1948 to other Arab countries,
they fled for fear of their lives, he said.
While the refugees lived in tents, they saw
the Jews living in their country and they
could not go back. "Can you imagine liv
ing in a tent all your life, not knowing if
you would ever be able to go home
again?" he asked.
- Bad wan said he saw the problem of
public misrepresentation in part the fault
of the media. "The media has always been
pro-Israeli and anti-PaIestinian,rlie said.
"They present Arafat as a terrorist and
Begin as a statesman, but it is Begin who is
bombing Beirut, killing 17,000 and making
a million (people) homeless."
In closing, Badwan made a plea to
American citizens. "It is true that Jews
have suffered through the years, but not at
the hands of the Palestinian people," he
said. "Tell your government to stop send
ing millions of dollars in aid to Israel who
uses it to kill my people."
An Israeli student at UNC who did not
give his name defended the Israeli posi
tion. As an Israeli citizen he served as a
See LEBANON on page 3
Israeli forces to withdraw;
Total pullout date not set
The Associated Press
The Israeli military command said Sun
day its forces will be out of west Beirut and
the international airport by Wednesday,
but no date was announced for complying
with President Reagan's demand for a
total pullout from the Lebanese capital
before U.S. Marines from North Carolina
enter the besieged city.
The announcement Sunday in Tel Aviv
pointedly stated that the Wednesday
withdrawal was being worked out in coor
dination with the Lebanese army and in
volved no other parties. It marked the first
time Israel set a date for leaving Beirut's
Moslem sector, which it entered Sept. 15.
Israel's Foreign Ministry said Sunday the
withdrawal from all of Beirut would take
somewhat longer, without giving any date.
An estimated 800 U.S. Marines from
N.C. bases had been scheduled to land in
. Beirut Sunday to join French and Italian
peacekeeping troops in an effort to help
the Lebanese government reassert, its
'authority, but U.S. ' presidential envoy
Philip C. Habib was said to have told
Israeli officials the Marines will stay off
shore until all Israelis left Beirut. Italy and
France also said their troops, though
ashore, are not deployed.
Meanwhile, the Pentagon said four of
ficers serving with the United Nations
observer team in Beirut, including two
Americans, were killed Saturday when
their jeep hit a mine.
The Americans were identified as Air
Force Maj. Harley S. Warren, 34, of
Valdese, N.C, and Army Maj. Randall A.
Carlson, 35, of Derwood, Md.
Warren's family refused to comment on
his death Sunday.
Officials said the incident near the
Beirut-Damascus highway about nine
miles east of Beirut would not affect U.S.
plans to deploy Marines in the Lebanese
In Washington, White House
spokesman Mark Weinberg confirmed
Sunday that the landing of the Marines
was contingent on the Israeli withdrawal
from the entire Lebanese capital, and not
just from west Beirut and the airport.
About 670 Italian marines and
paratroopers arrived in the Beirut port
Sunday. Italian Ambassador Franco
Lucioli Ottieri said they would not be
deployed in west Beirut until the Israelis
Ottieri said the Italians would establish
barracks at a school in Baabda, five miles
east of Beirut, and in other nearby schools.
A contingent of 330 French
paratroopers arrived in Beirut Saturday,
joining 350 Frenchmen who had landed
Friday. French Ambassador Paul Marc
Henry said the troops will stay at the am
bassador's residence, the nearby French
Cultural Center and the port.
Sixty French troops on Sunday moved
into an area near the Sabra and Chatilla
camps where hundreds of Palestinian and
Lebanese refugees were massacred by
Christian militias Sept. 16-18. Maj. Jean
Claude Villevielle, a spokesman for the
French forces, said the troops are mostly
engineers "on a humanitarian mission" to
sweep for mines while the digging con
tinues for bodies of more massacre vic
tims. .' "; . .-
"There is absoluely no deployment," he
The Israelis went in to the former PLO
stronghold Sept. 15, saying the military
drive was necessary to prevent Christian
Moslem bloodshed after the assassination
of then President-elect Bashir Gemayel, a
Christian. After the Palestinian refugee
camp massacre by Christian Phalangists,
Lebanon asked the United States, Italy
and France to redeploy the multinational
peacekeeping force that oversaw the
Palestine Liberation Organization guerrilla
evacuation last month.
Lebanese President Amin Gemayel,
brother of the assassinated Bashir
Gemayel, met Sunday with Habib's assis
tant Morris Draper, Ottieri and Henry, to
discuss deployment plans of the multina
tional force, Lebanon's state radio
reported. Gemayel has taken personal
command of the 3,100-man Lebanese ar
my. The Israeli command said the decision
to withdraw from west Beirut and the air
port south of the capital followed an
agreement with the Lebanese army, which
it said will take responsibility for the
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What a move!
. UNC's Tyrone Anthony (18) evades an Army defender
Saturday in the Heels' dominating win over the West
Point cadets, 62-8. Anthony rushed for 136 yards.
Parents group provides self-help
By SHARON SHERIDAN
V-U'n-, "v. ..Staff Witter . .
Guilt, frustration and anger are feelings that many parents
experience when their child becomes involved with the law. Many
parents feel isolated, as if they are the only ones who have ever
had this problem; they often keep their feelings to themselves.
The Parents On Trial Group is a local organization that pro
vides parents with an outlet for these pent-up emotions. This sup
port group for parents whose child is involved with the law was in
itiated about a year ago by Carolyn Lloyd of Mebane.
Lloyd said that she had a difficult time raising her children dur
ing their teen-age years and that she was unable to get sufficient
help from a minister, school or court counselor. She started the
group under the premise that "even though I could not prevent
another parent from going through that, perhaps through a sup
port group we could give them help and understanding."
Lloyd approached Orange County Juvenile Court counselors
with her idea and Don Hargrove, juvenile court counselor of the
15-B court district that includes Chapel Hill, agreed to work with
her to develop the organization. The group meets twice a month
at the Wesley Foundation in Chapel Hill. About 15 parents have
participated in the group, the majority of whom are Orange
Sometimes a speaker will come to a meeting to tell the parents
about services available to them, Lloyd said. Often the parents use
the meetings to discuss their experiences and the ways they have
dealt with specific crises.
One of the problems with such a group is that it deals with a
sensitive issue, Lloyd said. "A lot of people won't even talk about
it." . ; ' . '
"You feel like it's no one else's business," said one Orange
County resident in the group, who asked to remain anonymous.
"I think all of us felt a great deal of guilt that we were somehow
to blame." kfr
Hargrove agreed: "They tend to feel that it's. . .their fault that
all this is happening."
"I think society in the last 30 or 40 years has kind of put out the
propaganda that if you do the right thing for your child
everything will be all right," Lloyd said. "There just are not any
magic answers. Everybody's an individual. They're finding out
that different children have different needs. Parenting is an ex
periment and, unfortunately, you don't know the results of the
experiment until it's too late to go back and re-do the
The ability to talk things out with other parents in a similar
situation can be helpful in several ways.
"It helps just to talk about it and to listen to how other parents
handle just little problems that come up," the Orange County
resident said. "We're not advocating any one theory or policy.
People in the group give suggestions sometimes. It just gives you a
lot of different ideas."
"It's a self-help type group which is definitely beneficial to the
parent," said group member Harold Rydberg of Chapel Hill.
"Being in the group has helped me realize that there are others in
the same boat and some worse off."
"It's not a mandatory thing and you don't say anything if you
don't want to," Rydberg said.
. Hargrove said he thinks since the group is parent-created, as
opposed to a court program, it has been more successful.
See GROUP on page 3
? f '
Fraternity violations frequent
Sccna of fraternity house fire in 1976.
. . Safety inspections reduce hazards
By PAM DUNCAN
Assistant University Editor
With the beginning of the Chapel Hill Fire
Department's semi-annual inspection of UNC
fraternities and sororities last week, fire safety
in Greek houses becomes a significant concern
to both fire officials and house residents.
Fire hazards are more frequent in fraternity
houses than in sorority houses, said Joe
Robertson, fire inspector for the CHFD.
At the University of California at Los
Angeles, fire inspectors recently issued 180
code violations to 20 fraternity houses. Infrac
tions of the fire code included blocked fire ex
its and hallways and illegal bedrooms in base
ments. The inspections took place after fire
destroyed the Zeta Psi fraternity house at
Robertson said the CHFD began conduc
ting semi-annual inspections several years ago
because of the increasing number of violations
of the building construction code for frater
nities and sororities, and because of other fire
hazards present in the houses.
"We do not work on the premise that fire
did occur, but that it could occur," he said.
The two most recent fraternity house fires at
UNC occurred within a month of each other.
The Pi Kappa Phi fraternity house was
destroyed by fire Dec. 1, 1976 and the Pi
Lambda Phi fraternity house burned down
Jan. 5, 1977.
There were no injuries in either fire, but the
houses were destroyed, Robertson said. The Pi
Kappa Phi fire began on the third floor and
the Pi Lambda Phi fire began on the first
floor; fire officials never determined the cause
of either fire.
Robertson said five or six fire hazards were
found in each of the houses the CHFD in
spected last week. These included dead smoke
alarm batteries and fire extinguishers needing
recharging or servicing, as well as other minor
"We'll be writing up a lot of violations, I
feel, because we haven't been in them (the
houses) since school let out in the spring,"
The fire department will be cracking down
on fraternity and sorority houses more this
year in an attempt to cut out all possible fire
hazards, Robertson said.
The inspectors first check for electrical and
housekeeping problems. Rubbish in the halls,
mattresses and debris left in mechanical areas,
attics and storage areas are common fire
hazards, usually as a result of poor housekeep
ing, he said.
"Housekeeping is a major consideration,"
he said. "Bad housekeeping could cause exits
to be obstructed and could cause other fire
Inspectors also check fire extinguishers and
smoke alarms to make sure they work. Houses
must have smoke detection systems on each
. Size and layout of the floor determine the
number of alarms needed, but each floor must
have at least one approved fire extinguisher,
Robertson said. .
Mechanical equipment and cooking
facilities are also checked. Each kitchen must
have a hood fire extinguishing system over the
oven, he said.
Two of the violations in houses inspected
last week were trash in mechanical rooms and
clogged filters in kitchen oven hoods, Robert-.
Inspectors particularly look for use of unap
proved sleeping areas hke attics, basements,
mechanical rooms and storage rooms. They
see that all exits are open and unblocked by a
sleeping area, and that all areas where sleeping
does take place have accessible, unobstructed
and maintained exits. There must be two exits
on each floor, Robertson said.
Each exit must lead directly to the outside of
the building. "A lot of houses have fire escape
ladders and stairways off of bedrooms, and
many (residents) put locks on their bedroom
doors to prevent access, and this is against the
(fire) code," Robertson said.
This is an especially big problem in frater
nities, he added. "We order the locks off the
doors or the doors taken down, because
everybody may have to depend on that for
means of egress (exit)," he said.
Robertson said the CHFD ordered correc
tion of a fire hazard to be completed within "a
reasonable amount of time, according to the
type of structure involved."
For a general hazard, such as an inoperative
smoke alarm or fire extinguisher, the CHFD
allows 10 days for the problem to be cor
'A life hazard, such as a blocked exit, is re
quired to be corrected before we leave the
facility, or within 24 hours, if the building is
closed, until the hazard is corrected," Robert
Delinquent compliances with the code are
turned over to the town attorney, he said.
"This year we are tightening up on correc
tions." "We always try to work with the fraternities
and sororities to correct any hazards," he
said. "We'll extend the time an added 10 days
if they need to order parts or something, and if
they can prove it's needed."
Semi-annual inspections are supplemented
by light safety checks, or abbreviated inspec
tions, held during each month that a full in
spection is not made.
While there is no record of any serious
sorority fires in the past few years, there have
been a number of fraternity fires.
"The sororities, 1 must say, are much bet
ter (about fire safety) than fraternities,"
Robertson said. "We have had some severe
fires in fraternities."
The Pi Kappa Phi fire totaled $103,000 in
damage and took six CHFD teams to ex
tinguish it. "I think it was pretty much of a
freak thing," said Steve Shaw, president of Pi
Kappa Phi. "We had initiation that night, so
no one was in the house at all, and that's why it
was such a big deal."
"The brothers came back and found it in
flames and it was almost too late to do
anything about it," he said.
See FIRE on page 2