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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 98, Issue 108
Tuesday, November 27, 1990
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
a ii e g a g
Polish leader resigns
after losing election
WARSAW, Poland Tadeusz
Mazowiecki, the first non-Communist
prime minister in the Eastern bloc, re
signed Monday along with his govern
ment, a day after his crushing presi
dential election defeat, state radio re
ported. Mazowiecki lost his chance to com
pete in a runoff election in two weeks
when he finished third in Sunday's
The first- and second-place finishers
were Solidarity leader Lech Walesa and
political neophyte Stanislaw Tyminski,
a millionaire businessman who returned
to the country after a 21 -year absence.
The two will face each other in a runoff
contest on Dec. 9.
With Mazowiecki's resignation, a
new prime minister presumably will be
nominated by the new president. Par
liament must approve the nomination.
Mazowiecki had said he would step
down if he lost the presidential race.
Bush, Salinas discuss
AGUALEGUAS, Mexico Presi
dent Bush conferred with President
Carlos Salinas de Gortari Monday in a
state visit expected to focus on U.S.
Mexican trade barriers and the Persian
Making his first official visit as
president, Bush said maintaining ex
cellent relations with Mexico was one
of his "most important foreign policy
objectives." But even before his guest
arrived, Salinas signaled difficult talks,
accusing the United States of trade
"Today, American products can en
ter the Mexican market without re
striction," he told the Monterrey daily
El Norte. "But ours are detained at
customs, and there are always many
Bush, in a statement coinciding with
his arrival, noted that he had visited
Mexico "more often than any other
country" and said he had "developed
especially deep ties and respect for its
On landing at the airport in
Monterrey, about 60 miles southeast of
this small farming and cattle community,
Bush got a red-carpet greeting. He then
accompanied Salinas by helicopter to a
charro or rodeo in the Mexican
Justice Dept. civil suit
WASHINGTON The Justice De
partment said Monday that it won $257
million in fiscal 1990 from defense
contractors and other companies ac
cused in civil suits of defrauding the
The amount has risen substantially
since Congress approved amendments
to the False Claims Act in 1986 autho
rizing the government to recover triple
The Justice Department collected
only $27 million in fiscal 1985 through
judgments and settlements of civil fraud
Other changes in the False Claims
Act make it easier for private citizens to
bring fraud suits on behalf of the gov
ernment. The government has inter
vened in 42 such suits since 1986, re
covering $70 million, with $9 million
of that going to individuals who filed
the original actions.
From Associated Press reports
A buck crashes into Davie Hall and
makes a fatal exit 3
A novel lifestyle
Energetic author draws on military
and medical background .. .......... 5
UNC ranked fourth in basketball,
Georgia Tech second in football ...5
Classified ; 6
1990 DTH Publishing Corp. All rights reserved.
By CARRINGT0N WELLS
An accelerated 3.2 percent quarterly
pay increase will benefit UNC em
ployees whose salaries are less than
$ 1 3,742, said Charles Davis, University
housekeeping assistant administrator.
In a memo to supervisors Monday,
Davis said the policy would begin with
the Jan. 25, 1991 pay period. He will
meet with supervisors between now and
then to discuss its implementation, the
Employees must meet three criteria
to receive the accelerated pay increase.
'r ater unities seek
By S0YIA ELLISON
Inter-Fraternity Council members,
University administrators and commu
nity members discussed the need for a
closer relationship between the Uni
versity and fraternities and considered
the possibility of ending all-campus
parties at a meeting Monday.
The group comprised Robb Beatty,
IFC president; Frederick Schroeder,
dean of students; Donald Boulton, vice
chancellor of student affairs; Chancel
lor Paul Hardin; two members of the
Fraternity Alumni Council; Chapel Hill
Police Chief Arnold Gold; and Tim
Taylor, IFC president-elect.
The group is scheduled to meet in
January, and all fraternity presidents
and Fraternity Alumni Council members
will be invited to attend.
IFC will discuss the possibility of
banning all-campus parties and the is
sue will be brought up again when the
group of community, fraternity and
University leaders meet in January,
'That (open parties) is a very big
problem for fraternities," he said. "The
insurance liability is incredible."
Schroeder said he thought closing
fraternity parties was essential to posi
tive change in the fraternity system.
UNC expansion could threaten
By ADAM C.WALSER
Although the University is the key
reason for Chapel Hill's economic sta
bility, its expansion could lead to an
erosion in the local tax base, town of
Because the University is a state in
stitution, it is exempt from paying taxes
to Chapel Hill and Orange County. As
UNC grows, it often buys property in
the area from tax-paying owners, re
sulting in a lowering of the area tax base
and a loss in property tax revenues.
"It is a major concern," said.Mayor
Jonathan Howes, who is alsd a profes
sor in the Urban and Regional Studies
Center at the University. "I have written
a letter to the chancellor about this issue,
ft- &1 n
Angela Green, af reshman biology majorf rom Roxboro,
fixes her plate at the salad bar in Lenoir Dining Hall for
"In order to be eligible, employees
must have an annual income of less than
$13,742, must meet supervisor's ex
pectations and must have passed the 90
day probationary period," Davis said.
"This is a legislative act designed to
elevate the salaries of certain groups,"
Housekeepers and grounds laborers
are the only University employees eli
gible for the accelerated pay increase
because they are the only staff members
with starting annual salaries below
$13,742, said Bruce Caldwell, a
"I think we're going to have to come
up with some sort of realistic alcohol
policy," he said.
Beatty said he arranged the meeting
because he thought the IFC needed more
positive support from the University.
"I think by having University support
it will give the IFC a little more cred
ibility in the eyes of the undergraduate
fraternity members and in the eyes of
the community," he said. "You're go
ing to see closer ties between the IFC
and the University."
The University is in the process of
hiring an assistant dean to serve as ad
viser to fraternities and sororities, Beatty
said. A Greek adviser would be helpful
to IFC members as they consider
changes in the fraternity system, he
Schroeder said candidates from inside
and outside the University were being
interviewed for the position.
"We're looking for someone who
can effectively relate to all three Greek
organizations on campus," he said.
The Greek adviser would serve the
IFC, the Panhellenic Council and the
Black Greek Council.
Kari Howe, Panhellenic president,
said she thought a Greek adviser would
See IFC, page 7
and I believe he shares my concerns."
Moses Carey, chairman of the Orange
County Commissioners, said although
one or two major acquisitions wouldn't
have a major effect on overall revenues,
the cumulative nature of University
expansion was cause for major concern.
'The county is responsible for ful
filling the human service needs of the
area," he said. "I would bet that almost
all of the University employees who are
in the bottom two or three income grades
rely on county services to survive. These
are the working poor who depend on the
county for day care, health care and
"The tax base that provides revenue
for these services is not growing, and I
think a lot more people are going to be
for the people who never try anything. Jean-Louis Etienne
Starting annual salaries for house
keepers and grounds laborers are
A spokeswoman for the Public Af
fairs Office in the N.C. Department of
Human Resources said the federal
poverty line for a family of four was an
annual income of $13,968 and $2,200
Housekeepers said the increase would
help them to pay their bills.
"We make less than people on wel
fare," one housekeeper said. "I think we
really deserve (the increase)."
Ruth Riggsbee, a housekeeper in
U.S. Circuit Court Judge David Sentelle
Monday. See story, page 3.
paying attention to the problem. The
county and the University are going to
have to work together in the near future
to find alternative sources of revenues,"
Chapel Hill Town Manager Cal
Horton said of the tax base erosion, "It's
my impression that it hasn't occurred
often, and when it does occur, it's a
relatively insignificant amount, as far
as the overall picture goes."
Since Horton came to Chapel Hill in
June 1989, most of the property pur
chases have been small, involving small
tracts of undeveloped land adjacent to
There have only been two major
purchases by the University during that
time period, involving the acquisition
an afternoon snack after her classes Monday. The
dining hall was relatively empty.
Rufftn Residence Hall, said it was hard
to live on her salary, although she al
ready has received one merit pay in
crease. "I work hard for it," she said. "I'm
going to have to keep on working to get
my salary up there."
Davis said the accelerated pay in
crease would not replace standard an
nual raises or merit pay raises.
"Merit pay increases only come once
a year, and any employee who exceeds
expectations is eligible, regardless of
his salary," he said.
speaks to UNC law students at noon
, ArB3 - - Mm
iimi1 'f' ?
Chapel Hill tax base
of Bolin Creek Center and the Kron
Building, which led to an annual loss of
$27,000 in city and county tax revenue.
According to Jim Baker, the finance
officer for Chapel Hill, the town col
lected about $10 million in taxes on
property appraised at more than $1.6
billion last year.
In order to build the proposed South
Loop, the University plans to purchase
an apartment complex to replace family
student housing at Odum Village, which
will be partially demolished.
The South Loop would realign
Manning Drive to reroute traffic away
from UNC Hospitals. University offi
cials have said the new road was nec
essary to accommodate increases in
traffic resulting from the expansion of
Officer to take federal action
if no UNC decision by Friday
By MATTHEW MIELKE
Negotiations between the University
and the state NAACP office are con
tinuing, but University police officer
Keith Edwards said she would seek
federal action on her own if a decision
was not reached by Friday.
Edwards, who has filed a lawsuit and
several grievances against the Univer
sity alleging sexual and racial dis
crimination, said she would "take mat
ters into her own hands" if Chancellor
Paul Hardin and NAACP President
Kelly Alexander had not reached a
compromise by Friday.
Her grievances against the University
led to the NAACP involvement. The
NAACP has proposed that Hardin take
certain steps to show good faith and
relieve the University of discrimination
Edwards has said she would file a
federal complaint on her own behalf if
the NAACP decided not to file.
"If he (Hardin) was sincere, he would
have done something about the griev
ance process," she said.
The present process keeps grievances
"in house" because there is no outside
mediation, she said.
Caldwell said the requirements were
different for the new accelerated pay
increase and merit pay increases.
"For the (accelerated) increase, ex
pectations must be met, not necessarily
exceeded," he said. "Expectations in
clude arriving on time, staying in as
signed areas, doing assigned work and
maintaining an adequate sickleave
The merit pay increase began this
year. Anne Barnes, D-Orange, intro
duced the bill to the N.C. General As
sembly, and it passed this summer.
By STEVE P0LITI
The University police department is
developing a pro-arrest policy in do
mestic violence situations to try to
protect victims from further violence.
A pro-arrest policy encourages of
ficers to arrest a person causing domest ic
"If we get a complaint, someone is
going to get arrested if there is suf
ficient evidence," said University police
officer Maj. Robert Porreca. "We need
a department policy on how to deal with
domestic violence, and to get an idea of
what works and what doesn't work."
Such a policy protects the victim
from more violence, he said.
"You take a risk when you leave it for
the individuals to heal," h tid. "If an
arrest is made, the abuser i ..ot there to
do it again."
Fred Stang, staff member of the Or
angeDurham Coalition for Battered
Women, said while this was the best
policy to help the situation, problems
still can arise.
"There's always that risk,'" he said.
"Anytime you're working with family
violence, especially when the person
has access to the victim, there is a chance
that the situation can get worse.
"One thing that the community is
trying to do is to give a clear message
that battering is not tolerable and that
the abuser will be held accountable."
See POLICE, page 7
Last summer, a comm ittee headed by
Donald Boulton, vice chancellor for
student affairs, recommended buying
Glen Lennox apartments, valued at al
most $ 1 1 million. At the local tax rate of
$ 1 .55 per $ 1 00 of value, the purchase of
that complex would cost the city and
county about $171,000 in lost tax rev
Carey said although the smaller tax
base would have seemed insignificant
in the past, the county was feeling the
results of revenue shortfalls more
"You can pay for a whole lot of day
care with $200,000," he said.
See TAX BASE, page 7
Alexander said Monday that the last
time he spoke with Hardin was Nov. 1 8.
"At this point there is no agreement," he
Alexander said that there may be
some developments later this week, but
that he could not discuss what they may
Alexander said it was important for
the University to establish a committee
to deal with future grievances, but he
was not giving the University an ulti
matum. "Some kind of committee needs to be
at work by the beginning of the year,"
, he said.
Edwards suggested a committee be
formed of NAACP members and
Chancellor's Committee members, as
well as other qualified people.
Harding said he had received a letter
from Alexander Monday and he would
read it later Monday.
Hardin endorsed a grievance policy
compromise Nov. 17 that included
lawyers in Steps 3 and 4 of the procedure.
The compromise did not include lawyers
See NAACP, page 7