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YOU CAN HE Li* FEED YOURSELF
Make Home Garden* and Hack Yard*
Productive. Make Every Square
Yard of Fertile, Sunny Soil Pro
duce Food for Your Family. If You
Can't Raise A11 Your Owa Vegeta
bles. at Least Raise Some.
Make your ground work for you
and the Nation. Idle ground is waste;
this is no time for waste or idleness.
You can raise some vegetables for
your family, no matter how small a
piece of ground you have.
Somcltody has to raise everything
you eat ? do your share.
Make successive plantings of let
tuce, radishes, beans, and other
Start new crops between the rows
of plants that are soon to be re
As fast as the ground is cleared
of one crop Btart a new crop.
See that your garden toward fall
is full of potatoes, beets, turnips,
cabbage, and other staple foods that
can be stored for tho winter.
Boys and girls can help to make
the soil in your gardens, back yards,
and vacant lots produce food for the
family. Last year they raised in their
gardens and helped to can more than
4,000,000 packages of valuable food.
If your garden at any time pro
duces more than you can use immedi
ately, do not allow the surplus to
Can surplus beans, peas, corn, po
tatoes, beets, spinach, pumpkin, and
squash for winter use.
Can or preserve apples, peaehes,
pears, chcrries, quinces, berries, and
uther cultivated and wild fruits.
Every can of vegetables or fruit
and every jar of preserved food means
that you have saved food materials
that would have otherwisi been
Can or store root crops, cabbage,
and other vegetables properly so
that they will keep well and supply
you with food when the garden ceases
The U. S. Department of Agricul
ture or your State agricultural col
lege or county agent will give you
explicit directions for raising vege
tables, and will tell you simple meth
ods for canning vegetables and fruit
nt home with ordinary home utensils.
Demonstrate thrift in your home.
Make saving, rather than spending,
your social standard. ? Weekly News
Hotter Weather lieipH uram.
The weekly weather report of the
Department of Agriculture, us is
sued on Wednesday, follows in part:
"The rains in Texas, Oklahoma,
and the eastern half of Kansas were
very bcneficial to winter wheat, and
good progress was made in the growth
of th.it crop. Some improvement
was made in other sections, particu
larly in the northern portions of the
winter wheat States. The plants are
heading as far north us Tennesssee,
southern Kansas and Missouri, al
though heading low in most sections.
"The seeding of spring wheat was
practically completed. The weather
was favorable for germination, and
the growth of the plant and this crop
is in a. very promising position in
most districts, although somewhat
late in some sections of the West.
"The harvesting of winter oats is
in progress in parts of the South, and
the crop is poor in the Southeastern
States. The seeding of spring oats is
well advanced in the extreme North,
and the seed is germinating readily
and the plant making satisfactory
growth. The seeding of barley and
spring rye was well advanced, and
winter rye was heading as far north
as southern Pennsylvania. The weath
er conditions were very favorable for
barley in California, and this crop is
looking well in the North Central
"Higher temperatures and generous
rains produced conditions much
more favorable for corn in the prin
cipal corn-growing States. The work
of planting and replanting was car
ried on rapidly, and the corn that
was up made good growth, especially
in the Southwestern corn States. In
the Southeast the dry weather was
detrimental and corn made slow
growth." ? Dun's Review.
Short Apple Crop.
State Horticulturalist W. M. Hutt,
aays reports from the mountain sec
tion of North Carolina indicate a
heavy dropping off in the apple crop
with changed conditions that give
promise of not over half a crop in
stead of the heavy yield indicated
earlier in the season. There have
been serious development of blight as
well as the falling of the fruit. Mr.
Hutt has just visited the sand hill
peach region and says the peach crop
is exceptionally promising and there
is every indication that the prices
will be quite good especially for the
Southern farmers are cutting down
cotton acreage for food crops.
WILL SI'EAK ON LANDS AT WAR
Mr. Vermont's Addresses on Belgium
and France to be Illustrated.
Supt. A. Vermont, of Smithfield.J
has been scheduled to lecture to the
University Summer School this year
on Belgium and France. He will prob
ably give two lectures. Mr. Vermont
was in Europe at the beginning of the
Great War and has been a close stu
dent of its development and its
events. He was born in Belgium, be
came a naturalized citizen, and
speaks English fluently. He has been
connected for years with education
in North Carolina and is already
well known by most of the teachers.
He will speak on his native land,
Belgium, and also on France. He is
well acquainted with both countries.
The lecture will be illustrated and
the students will have the opportuni
ty to travel with Mr. Vermont
through the country where the world
is now at war. ? Summer School
Crop Condition# and Inductions in
Prospects for cotton in Alabama,
according to The Journal of Com
merce, are poor, says a reccnt issue
of Dun's Review, large acreage re
ductions being almost universally
reported and percentage condition
low. A cold, dry season has caused
poor germination, and considerable
cotton has been plowed up and put in
to corn and other grains. Where
stands have been obtained they are
poor, and much replanting has been
necessary. The season is over two
weeks late. Very little is said about
fertilizers or shortage of labor, but
the early appearance of the boll wee
vil iH creating some apprehension.
Cold weather in Mississippi has giv
en cotton a very late start, the sea
son being about three weeks back
word. Poor and irregular stands
have resulted and much replanting
has been necessary. Where cotton
has been plowed up this land has
been put into corn, and acreage will
show a substantial reduction over a
year ago. A warm rain is badly need
In Louisiana acreage increases re
ported are numerous and substantial,
while condition figures are fairly
good. Stand is good and ground is
well cultivated, but plant is small ow
ing to cold weather. Much of the crop
looks sickly and needs a warm rain.
Some farmers are plowing up cotton
and planting corn. There are no com
plaints of insects or scarcity of labor.
The season is over two weeks late.
Correspondents are about even >
divided on increases and decreases in
the area of cotton in North I arolina,
but the tendency from reports thus
far received is to decrease. ( old
weather, with general frost on the
14th inst. has retarded germination
and made the season 10 to 15 days
late. Much replanting has been nec
essary, and some of this acreage has
K(,ne into corn. Where obtained stands
are poor, and percentage condition
appears rather low. Weather has
been more favorable of late.
Preliminary reports from South
Carolina indicate a slight decrease in
acreage, but condition is rather low
owing to cold weather, which has
caused the season to be over two
weeks late. Considerable replanting
has been necessary, and some plowed
land has been put to corn. C ultiva
tion is generally good, and warm
weather is much needed. Stands are
poor, and labor is scarce.
In Georgia unusually cold weather
has greatly injured cotton prospects
resulting in much replanting and
poor stands and the season is fully
two weeks late. In many instances,
where cotton has been plowed up, this
land has been put into corn or other
foodstuffs. Cotton is not all up, and
labor and seed are scarce. Acreage
decreases will more than offset the
increases, vand condition will range
between 70 and 80 per cent. Some
fear of the boll weevil is expressed,
but not to a serious extent.
TRIED TO CORNER ONION CROP.
Indictments Have Been Issued In 88
Cases by Federal Grand Jury.
Eighty-eight corporations and indi
viduals were indicted by the Federal
Grand Jury at Boston Thursday for
conspiring to monopolize interstate
commerce in onions, says a Boston
dispatch. The indications, which
were returned as a result of a na
tion-wide inquiry into the cost of
food conducted last Winter by United
States Attorney George W. Anderson,
allege that the defendants divided up
the territory of the country among
them for the purpose of eliminating
competition; that maximum prices
were fixed for the purchase of on
ions, and that the supply was hoard
ed in order to increase prices.
Mr. Anderson estimated that the
annual crop of onions amounted to
200,000,000 pounds, three-fourths rf
which, he said, was alleged to have
been controlled by the defendants.
GOOD STANDS OF CORN.
Specialists Make Sulfations for
llrin^inK TTirough Proper Num
ber of SeedlinK Hants.
T<? make every acre of corn do its i
full duty this year, to bring its yield
up to "war strength," it must be
started off with a good stand. Farm
ers who exercise all means to this
end at planting time will be well re- ]
paid at the harvest. Here are some
suggestions from specialists of tlM <
United States Department of Agri
culture that may aid in securing, as
far as possible, the proper number of ]
plants to the acre:
The best distribution of plants ]
over the land is obtained by making
the distances between single plants
in the row and the distances between ]
rows the same. With such an equal
distribution, the l .i-t possible loss 1
from competition is experienced.
However, in order that sufficient !
plants be grown upon an acre to
utilizi in. -t completely the resources '
of the soil and climate and at the
same time permit intertillage and
other desirable practices, it is usual
ly necessary to sacrifice some of the
advantages to be g;. i?'d by even dis
tribution for those to be gained by
other desirable cultural practices.
These cultural n. thods frequently
may be altered so as to reduce this
loss, and the greatest saving in this
connection is by means of implements
specially adapted to this work. Where
general-purpose implements are us
ed, distances between rows of as
much as 5 or <1 feet are often con
sidered necessary. Hy preparing the
land thoroughly and then using highly
and cultivating the corn, the rows
need be no more than three and one
half feet apart and the distances be
tween plants in the rows can be in
The number of plants per acre re
quired for the best results will de
pend more or less upon the natural
fertility of the land, the quantity of
fertilizer used, the method of culture 1
practiced, the time of planting, the
evennees of the distribution of plants,
whether other crops are grown with
corn, the variety, and the season. The
season is, of course, the most im- '
portant factor influencing the stand
required and, as its character can
note be foretold, it is evident that
specific advice in this connection can
not be given.
In practice, corn is commonly '
planted in stands ranging from 3,630 1
to 7,260 plants per acre, or (> to 12
squire feet jw?r plant. Most stands of
corn have been planted with an al
lowance of 8 to 12 square feet per
One of the most deplorable losses
due to defective stand is from the
blank spaces seen to a greater or
less extent in practically every field.
The ability of the plants to utilize
extra space rapidly diminishes as the *
distance increases, and the practical
limit probably does not exceed 5 or
(! feet. Beyond this distance the loss
so far as the corn crop is concerned
is complete. Good seed of a uniform
size and shape is an important factor
in securing a stand, as it makes pos
sible a more uniform distribution by
Burrowing animals and birds fre
quently de serious damage to the
stand by eating the seed or by pull
ing up the very young plants.
Odorous substances have been tried
in various ways to prevent such at
tacks. The substance that is most fa
vorably considered for this purpose
at present is coal tar, because it
seems successful as a repellent, it will
not injure the seed, costs very little,
and may be dried so as to plant free
ly in a machine. It is recommended
that the seed be wet with warm wa
ter before adding the tar. A tea
spoonful of the tar will be sufficient
for a peck of corn. The mass must
be thoroughly mixed and then dried
In wet, cold land the seed some
times is covered with too much oil.
On such land the seed should be
planted just deep enough to have it
in contact with moist soil.
In cold weather or on low, flat, or
otherwise poorly drained land the
seed may germinate badly, and the
plants that start are slow in grow
ing and weak. Worms, grass, and
weeds are likely to destroy such corn
if it is not assisted. From 25 to 30
pounds of nitrate of soda per acre,
applied with the corn drill at the time
the corn is planted, will quickly force
the young plants past the period of
greatest loss nnd thus greatly in
crease the chances of securing a
Whenever it is at all difficult to
get the desired stand, extra seed
should be planted to offset the loss.
Thinning will usually result in great
er economy than leaving a defective
stand or replanting. ? Government
At Chicago June 8th, the United
States government will open bids
for 74,400 motor vehicles for the ar
my. Four thousand are for passen
ger service, the remainder trucks for
Grace For GardvitH.
Lord God in Paradise,
Look upon our eowing,
Bless the little gardens
And the good green growing!
Give us sun,
Give us rain,
Bless the orchards
And the grain!
Lord God in Paradise,
Please bless the beans and peas,
Give us corn full on the ear ?
We will praise Thee, Lord, for
Bless the blossom
And the root,
Bless the seed
And the fruit!
Lord God in Paradise,
Over my brown field is seen,
Trembling and adventuring,
A miracle of green.
Send such grace
As you know,
To keep it safe
And make it grow!
Lord God in Paradise,
For the wonder of the seed,
Wondering, we praise you, while
We tell you of our need.
Look down from Paradise,
Look upon our sowing,
Bless the little gardens
And the good green growing!
Give us sun,
Give us rain,
Bless the orchards
And the grain!
? Louise Driscoll.
('<)(H' THE MOTHER HEN.
Loss of Chicks by Exposure Largely
Prevented by Confining the Hen.
It is not good poultry management
to allow the mother hen to range un
restricted with her chvks. With such
freedom the hen frequently takes
her brood through wet grass, and as
a result some arc chilled and die, es- ;
pecially the weaker ones, which are
likely to be left behind. The loss of
young chicks which follows such a
practice is large and mainly prevent-'
able, specialists in the United States
Department of Agriculture say, '
Furthermore, the food which a brood '
allowed to range with the hen ob- 1
tains goes very largely to keep up 1
the heat of the body and the chicks ;
do not make as good growth as they
Chick losses of this nature can be
largely prevented by shutting the
hen in a coop. Any style of coop
which is dry, ventilated, and can be
closed at night to protect the brood
against cats, rats, and other animals,
and which, while confining the hen,1
will allow the chicks to pass in and
out freely after they are a few days
old, will be satisfactory. The hen
should be confined until the chicks
are weaned, though a small yard may
he attached to the coop, if desired, to
allow the hen to exercise. The fence
can be raised from the ground far
enough to allow the chicks to go in or
out, but not high enough for the hen
to escape. By using a coop the chicks
can find shelter and warmth under
the hen at any time, and the weak
lings after a few days may develop
into strong, healthy chicks.
Where chicks are raised with hens,
they are likely to become infested
with lice. If the lice get very numer
ous, they greatly retard the chicks' ,
growth and may even cause their ^
death. The hen should be powdered
thoroughly with some good insect
powder before she is put in the coop
with the chicks and at intervals of,
several days or a week thereafter. I
The baby chicks should be examined
for lice, particularly on the head, un- ,
<ler the wings, and about the vent. If
any are found, a little grease, such as
lard, should be rubbed on in those
places. Apply grease moderately, as I
too much will injure the chicks. The
chicks should be examined frequently
and the treatment repeated if lice
are found on them. ? Government
Great Red Cross Campaign.
The greatest campaign the Red
Cross ever has waged, designed to
raise $100,000,000 to care for Ameri
can soldiers who fight democracy's
battle on the European fields, and to
lend a helping hand to thousands in
the districts already devastated by
the war, was launched at Washing
ton City last week at a meeting of
representatives of the larger cities '
of the country.
More than 100 men and women
were present from forty cities, and
the meeting was enthusiustic to a
degree that indicated a strong belief
in the willingness of Americans to
contribute to the cause of mercy.
Henry P. Davison, Chairman of the
Red Cross War Council, announcing
the amount to be raised, said it was
certain that $100,000,000 would be re
quired to approach compliance with
the most pressing needs.
Brazil has postponed for two years
redemption of treasury notes issued
Major General Hunter Liggett.
To make the work as light as pos
sible upon the registrars, many of
whom will serve without compensa
tion, President Wilson has ordered all
police officers as well as all Federal
agents, to assist in, the work and see
that all persons register who should
do so. The rules also demand -of the
citizen, courteous treatment of the
Section 16 of the rules laid down
for the enforcement of the registra
tion law, says that policemen, con
stables and all other civil officers, are
required to render every ar.; iv*ance
possible. The act concludes:
"It is especially made the duty cf
such police officers, to see that all
persons within the designated ages
have registered and to report those
who have not registered to the prop
er registration board for such action
as may be necessary. Police officers
may require any person subject to
registration to exhibit his registra
In section 47, the registrar is told
how to act.
"If the person is sullen or inclined
to falsify, evade or refuse to answer,
call his attention to the law on page
2 of those instructions which imposes
a penalty of imprisonment for such
conduct. If he is still refractory, do
not delay the registration, but call
witnesses, take the refractory per
son's name, etc."
In Memory of Grandfather.
Mr. J. U. Benson, a substantial
farmer, who lived near Four Oaks,
died at his home Friday morning,
May 11, 1917. He had been in poor
health for some time, and since the
death of his last wife, this spring,
had been almost constantly confined
to his room. He was upwards of eigh
ty years of age. He was a member
of the Primitive Baptist church at
Hannah's Creek for the past forty
two years. He remained a faithful
member to that church till death, at
tended the meetings regularly, un
less P/ovidentially hindered. His
home was ever open to the preachers,
brethren and friends to whom he ex
tended a hearty welcome.
I can sincerely say he was a good
neighbor, a kind and lovirig father,
and his Christian conduct could not
be surpassed, and now he is gone to
his reward which is prepared for
those of like Christian character-,
and may God's most holy will be
done and not ours, and may He rec
oncile His loved ones to His most
Grandfather leaves surviving him
eight children, several grandchildren,
brothers, sisters and other relatives.
He was buried Saturday afternoon,
at the family burying ground in the
presence of a large crowd of sorrow
ing friends and relatives.
When the toils of life are over,
And like you, we lay our armor by,
May the Lord prepare us to meet you
In a home beyond the sky.
Training Camp for Negroes.
Brigadier General H. P. McCain,
Adjutant General of the army, sent
to the Departments Friday an outline
of the plans for the establishment of
a colored officers' training camp at
Fort Des Moines, Iowa, says a Wash
ington dispatch. All colored reserve
I officers will be trained in this camp.
It will have accommodations for 1,
250 men, who will be placed in com
mand of colored contingents to be
Raised under the Draft act. The camp
will open on June 18th.
Porto Rico will this year export
more than 400,000 crates of pineap
ples, 90,000 boxes of grape-fruit and
1 7,000 boxes of oranges.
At Special Prices
For the Next Few Days We Will
Sell Any Book in the List Be
low for 20 Cents; Any 3 Books
for 50 Cents; Any 7 Books
The Boy Scouts with the Motioa
The Boy Scouts of the Flying Squad
The Boy Scouts of Naval Reserve.
A Fool for Love.
Wallingford, by Chester.
Trolley Folly, by Phillips.
The Motormaniacs, by Osborne.
Chimes from a Jester's Bell.
The Princess Elopes.
Four in Family.
The Fifth String, by Sousa.
Eccentric Mr. Clark.
Four Years of Fighting.
Flower Fables, by Alcott.
Camping Out, by Stephens.
Pretty Polly Pemberton.
A Modern Cinderella, by Alcott.
Bertha's Christmas Vision.
Wood's Natural History.
The Water Babies, by Kingsley.
Greek Heroes, by Kingsley.
Coming Back with the Spitball.
Poor Boys' Chances, by John Hab
The Young Editor.
Frank's Campaign, by Alger.
The Boy Scouts with the Geological
Folly in Fairyland, by Carolyn Wells.
Hospital Sketches by Alcott.
Adventures in Frozen Seas.
Left on Labrador.
Merle's Crusade by Carey.
The Boy Geologists. .. .by Housto?.
Story of John G. Paton.
Andy Grant's Pluck by Alger.
Another Year With Dennis and Ned
Moods by Mrs. Alcot.
Ruth Fielding of the Red Mill.
Charlie Codman's Cruise.
See Kings and Naval Heroes.
Friends Though Divided Henty.
In the Reign of Terror Henty.
The Lion of St. Mark Henty.
Through the Fray Henty.
LIST NUMBER ONE OF
Any book in this list for 25c., or any
four books for 90c.
Campfires of the Wolf Patrol.
Fast Nine; or a Challenge from Fair
Great Hike; or The Pride of the Kha
Endurance Test; or How Clear Grit
Won the Day.
Under Canvas; or The Hunt for th?
With Trapper Jim in the North
Elsie Dinsmore. (3 copies).
The Motor Maids by Rose, Shamrock
Her Senator, by Gunter.
Under Two Flags, by Onida.
The Camp on the Big Sunflower.
The Rivab of the Trail.
The Strange Cabin on Catamount
Lost in the Great Dismal Swamp.
Caught in a Forest Fire.
Chums of the Campfire.
The Chouans, by Balzac.
Hans Brinker; or the Silver Skatei.
Mr. Potter of Texas, by Gunter.
Peck's Uncle Ike and the Red Headed
The Schonberg-Cotta Family.
Larry Dexter in Belgium.
Larry Dexter and the Stolen Boy.
Tales From Shakespeare.
The Bobbsey Twins at Meadow Brook.
Dora Thome, by Braeme.
The First Violin.
THE HERALD OFFICE,
Smithfield, N. C.
All of Certain Age To Register.
The law requires that every mal?
citizen, white and colored, from 21
to 30 years of age, inclusive, (that it
one who has not yet reached 31) shall
register on June 5th. Those who ar?
sick must send in their card and tlios#
who arc away from home must send
in their names by mail.
Bunk Maske, negro, was electrocut
ed in the penitentiary at Raleigh
Friday for the murder last March of
Edgar Williams, a member of the po
lice force of Wingate, Union County.
The negro killed the officer while re
sisting arrest on a minor charge.
Bunk had no money nor friends, s?
he had to sit in the electric chair.
SEVERE BRONCHIAL COLD
Yields To Delicious Vinol
Philadelphia, Ta. ? "Last fall I \ra?
troubled with a very severe bronchial
cold, headaches, backache, and sick to
my stomach. I vai so bad I became
alarmed and tried several medicines,
also a doctor, but did not get any relief.
A friend asked me to try Vinol and it
brought the relief which I craved, so
now I am enjoying perfect health."? i
Jack C. Singleton.
We guarantee Vinol for chronic
coughs, colds and bronchitis.
HOOD BROS., Druggists,
Smithfield, N. C.