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BRITISH DOWN A ZEPPELIN.
Pilot of Flying Corps Shoots to Earth
Monster German Marauder. Not
Much Fighting on French Fronts.
Prussians Capture French Trench
es Near Hurtebise, but Later Sur
render Most of Them. Allies Are
- Pouring Troops Into Thessaly.
(Sunday's War Summary.)
Another Zeppelin airship and its
entire crew has been accounted for
by a British aviator. Flying high on
* a bomb dropping raid over the Keflt
ish coast of England, the monster
aircraft was set on lire by the guns
of a pilot of the Royal Flying corps,
who went up to- give it battle, and
the Zeppelin fell, a mass of flames, to
the ground. Another dirigible that
accpmparfied - the raider made its es
Little fighting, except by the artil
lery wings, is taking place on any
of the various war fronts. On the
front in France held by the British,
aside from the artillery duels, there
have been only minor operations in
the nature of raids and a continua
tion of the aerial activity that has
been so pronounced for weeks past.
Near Hurtebise the Germans in a
night attack seized portions of
trenches held by the French, but la
ter were forced to give back most
of them in a counterattack. On vari
ous sectors artillery duels are in
progress. Considerable activity con
tinues in Belgium in the region of
Streenstraete and Het Sas.
In Macedonia the artillery duels
that have been in progress for sev
eral weeks are still going on, but the
expected infantry attacks have not
Meanwhile the entente forces con
tinue to throw troops into Thessaly,
the occupation of various towns hav
ing been accomplished without un
toward incident. French cavalry now
has reached Pharsala and Domonkos,
south of .Larissa, while Demirili has
been occupied by the British.
Although quiet still prevails on the
Russian front there seemingly is an
indication that hostilities soon will
begin again there. The Russian duma
at a secret session has passed a res
olution calling for an immediate of
fensive and declaring that a sepa
rate peace with Germany would be
% treason toward Russia's allies.
CALLS UPON MINISTERS TO A1I?.
Hoover Asks 200,000 Pastors to
Preach On Food Conservation.
New York, June 17. ? Co-operation
with the Department of Agriculture
in impressing: upon the people of the
country the necessity for the "largest
possible production of food and the
?mallest possible quantity of waste"
was urged by Herbert C. Hoover to
day in a letter to 200,000 clergymen
of various denominations, distributed
through the Federal Council of the
Churches of Christ in America.
All persons are requested to preach
on food conservation Sunday, July 1,
and to endeavor to interest religious
and civic bodies in a food-saving
"In such a time as this," wrote Mr.
Hoover, "the people naturally turn to
the church. It will be a calamity to
the nation and to the churches if
their chosen ministers neglect to ex
ercise their proper leadership in the
great cause of feeding a world in
need, for the world is in want of food.
"To meet the needs of the war and
of the world, wc must produce gene
rously, give freely to our allies, our
selves eat as much but no more than
we need, and especially save the
waste. Lasting disgrace will fall up
on us if lack'of self-restraint should
prevent us ,from taking proper part
in this great conflict against the doc
trine of 'might makes right.' "
Mr. Hoover estimated the annual
waste of food at $1,000,000,000. He
urged larger use of com and corn
bread in the hiyne.
"The women of America have never
failed to answer such a call as comes
to them now," he told the ministers.
"The saving of food is within their
sphere and without food conservation
we cannot win the war."
Among those who attended the
Confederate Reunion at Washington
City was Mr. J. H. Capps who lives
near Micro. He enjoyed the trip to
the Nation's Capital very much.
RALEIGH'S NEW CHIEF POLICE.
Clarence B. Barbour Born In John
ston County and Is Not Vet
Thirty-Two Years Old.
The new administration in Ral
eigh has made several changes in the
city government; among them being
the selection of a new man for Chief
of Police, in the person of Mr. Clar
ence B. Barbour. The News and Ob
server of Sunday gives the following
sketch of Mr. Barbour:
"Born in Johnston County, Mr.
Barbour is yet to reach his 32d
birthday. He was reared on the farm
and came to Raleigh to make his
home about eight years ago, taking
a position at Wright's Cafe. From
the cafe he later took a position at
Wright's Hotel and from there he
went to work for the city mem
ber ?f the police department. He
was a member of the force for three
years and while on duty was shot by
Will Neal, a desperate negro who is
now serving a sentence for his crime.
Mr. Barbour resigned his position in
the department to become night man
ager for Wright's Cafe. Later he was
placed in charge of the new LaFay
ette Cafe on Fayetteville street as
manager. He resigned about ^ year
ago and went into business with his
brother, Mr. C. D. Barbour, opening
a cafe on West Hargett street.
"When the name of Mr. Barbour
was mentioned several weeks ago,
it did not take long for a stranger
to learn that his election .^ould be
a popular one. Held in high esteem
by the leading citizens of this city
for his courteous manners, fearless
'duties and hard work while a member
of the department, the announcement
at that time that he would be the
next chief of police was sealed with
approval by hundreds of citizens who
were free in their discussions of the
"That the selection of chief has
been one of the best in many years
seemed to be the opinions of politi
cians as well as other citizens inter
ested in the government of the Cap
North Carolina Always Ahead.
The Observer's recent exploration
of the potato pen possibilities seems
to have put the ball to rolling:. Not
idence that it is a hard matter to get
proposition, but, as can be judged
from the letters to this paper, people
in other parts of this section are
taking notice. What is of particu
lar interest in this connection is a
fact divulged by a subscriber at Gulf,
who tells of the potato pen built in
Waynesville a long time ago ? 48
years, to be exact ? by Doctor Love,
who was afterward elected State
Auditor. This potato pen appears to
have been on the exact principle of
the Kansas City experiment which
was described in this paper, and it is
possible, as suggested by our corres
pondent, that some of Doctor^ove's
family or friends who had emigrated
West, carried the idea out to that
part of the country. The Kansas men,
as we remember, did not claim or
iginality for this idea. It would be in
teresting to know, as the communica
tion to this paper suggests, if the
peopir of Haywood County are still
growing potatoes after Doctor Live's
plan. And here again, we have ev
dence that it is a hard mater to get
ahead of North Carolina. ? Charlotte
Red Cross at Duke.
Duke, June 16. ? Like other pro
gressive towns and cities of the "Old
North State," Duke, in Harnett Coun
ty, is beginning to exhibit a patriotic
enthusiasm for Red Cross work. The
Rev. Louis Chester Morrisory'Rector
of St. Stephens Episcopal Church in
' Duke, has been interesting the ladies
of that place in the poss bilities of
this sort of servic? for Uncle Sam.
His initiative has met with ready re
sponse ? so much so that it is antici
pated that in the' near future some
members of the official board of the
Durham Chapter of the American Red
Cross will visit Duke to arrange for
the organization of a local Auxiliary
to the Durham Chapter. Dr. Holt,
our local physician, has pledged his
support and volunteered to give of his
limited time to class lectures on tfie
subject of First Aid.
Philadelphia spent $3,486,625 on
new buildings in one month.
WOMEN RESPOND LIKE MEN.
Come to Their Country's Aid at First
Call For Greater Food Production
and Conservation Campaign. Much
Food Being Conserved for Future
Raleigh, June '18.-*-" Let the Women
do the work" is far from being th<
slogan of the men of North Cajrolina,
but the fact that the good women of
the State have quickly realized the
part they have to play in the food
emergency that confronts the coun
try and in the great war is very
readily seen by anyone who has any
powers of observation at all. North
Carolina women, particularly those in
the cities, are doing a wonderful
work through the Red Gross Socie
ties, but an even greater force, not
only iu the country but in the cities
and towns as well, have intelligently
and energetically assumed their share
of the burden in the campaign for
food production and conservation.
North Carolina was far ahead of
all of the other Southern States in
the matter of canning even last year
and reports that have just been re
ceived by Mrs. Jane S. McKimmon,
head of the home demonstration work
in the State, show that the 12,000 or
so canning club girls of the State
have ordered more than. two and a
half millions cans to be filled with
vegetables and fruits, with some
counties yet to be heard from. The
purchase of these cans has been fin
anced by county boards of commis
sioners, boards of trade, banks and
other agencies in varies counties.
During the conference of the home
demonstration agents which has just
closed now and better methods1, of dry
ing or evaporating vegetables and
"fruits were discussed and it was dem
onstrated that, by using proper meth
ods, practically all vegetables and
fruits could be conserved in this way,
even beets, carrots, squash and other
vegetables which can not be dried by
the old sun-drying method. And it
was further demonstrated that those
fruits and vegetables which have
been dried heretofore have a vastly
important flavor and physical condi
tion when dried by the new methods.
A new bulletin has just been issued
which describes this new method of
evaporating and which can be secur
ed from the home demonstration
agents or from Mrs. Jane S. McKim
mon, head of Home Demonstration
Work, Raleigh, N. C.
WHAT SUBMARINES ARE DOING
The Toll of U-Boats for Four Months
Reaches 1,745,000 Tons. Lacks On
ly a Little of Entire World's Ship
ping Output for the Year 1916. ,
Washington, June 18. ? The Ger
man submarine toll of British mer
chant shipping since February 17, as
shown in official British figures com
piled here today, is 322 vessels of
more than 1,600 tons and 135 of less
than 1,600. British steam fishing ves
sels sunk in that period numbered 78.
Records for sailing fishing vessels
are incomplete, but a three-weeks to
trfl was 78.
Submarines in the period given at
tacked 299 ships unsuccessfully, and
the weekly percentage of unsuccess
ful attacks has ranged from 51 to 75.
During the last week given ? the sev
en days ending with June 9 ? it was
Arrivals and sailings in British
ports since the intensive submarine
campaign began have averaged about
2,500, including channel sailings.
The British figures do not give the
tonnage of vessels sunk, but officials
here say 5,000 tons probably would
be a fair average for vessels of moro
than 1,600 tons destroyed. Comput
ing the total at that average and put
ting the average of the smaller ships
at 1,000 tons, the total loss during
slightly less than four months' sub
marine warfare would reach 1,745,
000 tons, or about 250,000 tone less
than the entire world's shipping out
put during 1916.
Johnston Had Thirty.
Last year the enrollment at the
University Summer School was 1,022.
Orange County led with 55 students,
Wake second with 44, Robeson 39,
Durham 33, Granville 31, and John
ston 30. Of the 100 counties in the
State 93 had representatives at
London reports woman munition
workers taking to tobacco.
VIOLENT FIGHTING SATURDAY. !
On Three Fronts the Entente Forces I
On the Aggressive in Belgium,
France and Austro-Italian Sector.
Hoot Makes a Speech to Council of
Ministers in Petrograd.
(Associated Press War Summary.) ]
Heavy fighting is in progress in j
Belgium, France and along the Aus- |
tro-Italian front, with the entente
forces on the aggressive.
Rome reports a considerable <
achievement by Alpine troops in the :
capture of a strong Austrian position
at Corno Cavento, in the western
Trrtitino, at an altitude of more than '
10,000 feet. Two field guns and sev
eral smaller guns were taken from
the Austrians. Attacks on Italian po
sitions in other sectors were repulsed. I
The British attacked again today in
the Bullecourt region on the Arras
front and along the Arras-Cambria
road, according to indications in the .
Berlin official statement. The repulse
of British attacks ^in Belgium and on
the Austrois front yesterday is claim
The French are increasing their
fire both in the Aisne and Cham
pagne regions and there are indica
tions tha^ a resumption of the Fren -h
offensive in those sections may be
looked for. Berlin is expecting such <
a move oy General Petain, according
to unofficial advices.
In a fight with a submarine in the
Mediterranean on June 11 the Japan
ese destroyer Sakaki was torpedoed
and 57 of her crew killed and 14
wounded. The damaged destroyer
was towed to port.
Stockholm has a report of a peace
offer by Germany to Russia through
the medium of a Swiss federal coun
cilor. The German newspapers con
sider an article in the semi-official
North German Gazette to be a bona
fide offer to Russia. Russia was in
formed in this article that her formu
la of "peace without annexations and
indemnities" was no bar to a peace
between Russia and the Central
Powers, "who have never demanded
annexations or indemnities from Rus
Holland frontier points have re
ports that rioting of a serious char
acter developed yesterday in several
Elihu Root, head of the Ameri
can mission to Russia, in a speech to
the council of ministers in Petrograd,
declared that America was fighting
for Russian freedom as well as her
own, and asked Russia to fight equal
ly for American and Russian free
Blight in Soy Beans.
To the Farmers:
It is very important that you re
port the name and address of every
farmer in your section in whose fields
occurs a disease on soy beans called
"Fusarium Blight." The trouble is
not widespread and it will not be dif
ficult to keep constantly on the look
out for it and report the few cases
The disease is most easily recog
nized by the appearance of a large
number of pink spore-masses (almost
the size of a pin head) on the sur
face of stems of the plants from the
ground level to a height of 6 to 12
or more inches. The lower leaves
turn yellow and fall before the plants
mature. Such plants when cut across
diagonally, will often times show a
number of brown specks on the cut
surfaces. The disease may appear on
the plants any time after they attain
a height of one foot.
The knowledge of the occurrence
of this trouble is requested to aid in
the control of this disease and will
in no way be used to the detriment
of the owners of diseased crops.
Smithfield, N. C.
Death of a Child.
From a correspondent we learn
that the little child of Mr. and Mrs.
Charlie Adams, who live near Benson,
died on the morning of May 30, after
an illness of only one week. The child
whose name was William Carver,
was born April 21, 1916, making his
stay on earth 13 months and nine
"We loved him, yet, we loved him,
But Jesus loved him more,
And called him from this world
To dwell with Him evermore."
SAVE EGGS FOR THE WINTER. 1
Home Preserving Errs by Water- |
By the use of this process is offer
ed a means of preserving eggs when
they are plentiful and prices low, to
ae used when eggs are high in price.
It is cheap, simple, practical, and is
\ success if we will follow these sug- '
Selecting Errs ? Those to be used ^
must be clean, fresh, not over three
iays old, and absolutely sound in
shell, that is, no cracked eggs are
lit. Eggs can be put in each day,
just as we wish and can spare them.
This is a great advantage.
Container ? Any suitable sized
earthenware jar, galvanized tubs,
wooden tubs or buskets. These must
be thoroughly boiled and cleaned be
fore putting the liquid in.
Size of Container ? Any size can be
used. This depends on the number
of "eggs to be preserved.
The following table will help:
One gallon 40 eggs
Two gallons 80 eggs
Three gallons 120 eggs
Four gallons HiO eggs
Five gallons 200 eggs
Ten gallons . . . . ! 400 eggs.
Water Glass or Sodium Silicate
can be had at any drug store at a
cost of about 35 cents a qdart. If the
stores do not have it, have them or
der it for you.
Mixture? Use one quart of water
glass to nine quarts of boiled water
or on?^ part to nine parts.
Boiling Water ? Water must be
boiled at least fifteen minutes and
allowed, to cool. <
Mixing Solution ? Mix the water
glass and water together thoroughly
as per above proportion. Then put i
the eggs in the bottom of the con
tainer and pour the .water glass mix
ture in until the eggs are covered to :
a depth of about* two inches. As you i
add more eggs put in more water i
glass solution. If the mixture becomes :
jelly like simply add a little more
boiled water. Keep the surplus mix
ture in a sealed jar, as a fruit jar,
to prevent evaporation.
Testing Eggs ? Use great care by
testing every egg before placing in 1
container as one bad egg will, of >
course, spoil all in that container.
The testing is fully explained in your
bulletin No. 5(52 which you have.
Where to Place Containers ? Con
taineis should be kept in a cool place i
and the top must be covered with
heavy paper to prevent evaporation
and keep dirt and dust out. <
Quality of Waterglass Eggs ? They
can be used in any form except for
poaching. The eggs can be fried, -
boiled, scrambled and for general
cooking purposes. Before boiling,
however, the big end of the egg must
be punctured with a pin to prevent
cracking. When you take eggs out of
solution they should be washed in
cool water to remove the jelly-like
solution on the shell. Eggs can be <
taken out just as they are needed, :
another great advantage.
It is our duty to our country to
put this 'project into immediate use i
as it is one of great economical im
portance at this very critical time 1
when we positively know that food is J
bound to be scarce this winter. It 1
will enable all to have plenty of eggs 1
for home use through the winter and <
some to sell. We will then use more '
eggs at home knowing that they i
were put down when eggs were low
in price. We can then Sell all of our
fresh laid eggs and get the top of, the
market for same. They will be very
high this fall and winter, and you
very well know we do not use as many
eggs at home when high prices can
Knowing this to be a project of
great economical value the Animal
Industry Division of the North Car
olina Experiment Station offers the
following prizes open to bonafide
Poultry Club members:
To the boy or girl who preserves
the largest number of eggs by above
First prise $7.00
Second prize $5.00
Third prize $3.00
Above prizes to be awarded by the
County Agent, the (banning Club
Agent and one other authentic wit
ness not related to the competitor.
ALLEN G. OLIVER,
Scientific Assistant in Poultry Hus
bandry, In charge North Carolina
Chicago hopes to reduce public
lighting bill by $180,000 a year.
IISSIAN MINISTER FOR UNION.
leads of Posts and Telegraphs
Wants His Country in Strict
Alignment With the Allies. Asks
Conclusion of a New Treaty.
(News and Observer.)
Petrograd, Sunday, June 17. ? (Via
London, June 18.) ? The desire to
ilign Russia's international program
vith that of her allies as quickly as
possible, was expressed at today's
session of the Pan-Russian congress
)f all councils of workmen and sol
liers deputies by M. Tseretelli, Min
ister of Posts and Telegraph, who
.?oupled this expression with sharp
repudiation of any idea of a sepa
?ate peace for Russia.
"We desire to hasten the conclusion
jf a new treaty in which the prin
ciples proclaimed by the Russian
iemocracy will be recognized as the
5asis of the international policy of
the allies," said .M. Tsedelli. "Let us
employ all possible means to the end
that our program may agree with
that of all the allied governments so
as to avoid a rupture with our allies.
"Let us reflect that the worst re
sult of our struggle for universal
peace would be a separate peace with
Germany, which would destroy the
results of the Russian revolution and
prove disastrous to the cause of in
ternational democracy. A separ.ate
peace is, in fact, impossible. Such a
peace would bring Russia into a new
war on the side of the German coa
lition and would mean leaving one
coalition only to enter into another."
Minister Tseretelli described to
the Congress the steps taken by the
government for the summoning of an
inter-allied conference for the revis
ion of the various treaties, exclu
sive of the London agreement, ne
gaging the allies not to conclude a
separate peace. After speaking in
support of the work of Minister of
War Kerensky, he urged renewed ac
tivity by the army.
"When the country finds itself
menaced by an attack from without,"
he declared, "it is the duty of the rev
olutionary army to be ready, on its
own accord, to advance. The inactiv
ity on our front has not consolidated
the revolution but, on the contrary,
has enfeebled it."
. Nokolai Lenine, the Socialist radi
cal, delivered a long harangue
against Minister of War Kerensky 's
appeal for an offensive, which he
characterized as treason to the inter
ests of international socialism.
M. Kerensky, in replying, con
demned the doctrine enunciattd by
Lenine, which he said was Marxism
misinterpreted, and said the fraterni
zation with the enemy which Lenine
advocated was a remedy quite after
the heart of the German general
"We must prove to the internation
ale," said the war minister, "that we
are not a negligible quantity and that
which will not allow itself to be dom
inated by an isolated unorganized
M. Kernensky gave an account of
his visit to the front and _ihe favor
able impresions he had brought back
with him. He concluded with a de
fense of his acts so energetic and
convincing that the entire Congress,
with the exception of the Maximal
ists, broke out into prolonged ap
OH YOU SANDERS CHAPEL!
The annual fish fry, coffee sloshing,
?ake nibblinp and picnic, will be held
at Sanders Chapel church Saturday,
the 23rd. Messrs. P. A. Holland, Will
Hamilton, and Bob Hill, Chief cooks,
and Captains of the. waiters. Every
body "do your bit" by bringing a lib
eral "hope basket."
A game of basket ball at Pomona
school house in the afternoon, and a
choice entertainment at night by the
Philathea Class. Music, declama
tions, speeches and a jimberlack
"Jine the cavalry" time promised. Ice -
cream and cake at "before the war"
prices. 10 and 15 cents admission,
the receipts to go to the struggling
young church at Micro. Come on
now and "do your bit."
C. S. POWELL,
for the Committee.
June 18, 1917.
R. J. Reynolds, of Winston-Salem,
is the largest individual tax-payer in
North Carolina. The secofid is George
W. Watts, of Durham.