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II USE DF SUGAR
PRESENT CONSUMPTION WILL
EXHAUST SUPPLY WITHIN
DISPATCHES FROM RALEIGH
Doings and Happenings That Mark
the Progress of North Carolina Peo
pie, Gathered Around the State
That North Carolina will be prac
tically out of sugar within -30 days
unless consumers cut their consump
tion to much less than the maximum
ration of three pounds per person per
month, is the startling announcement
this afternoon by State Food Admin
istrator Henry A. Page, following tele
graphic correspondence with the
Washington office on the sugar situa
tion. In issuing certificates to wholesalers
and retailers the sugar division during
July has been issuing certificates mp
to 10rt per cent of the estimated re
quirements given by merchants on
their statements. All certificates have
not been issued yet notwithstanding
the overtime working of a force of
more than 30 cleks in the sugar di
vision, but a partial tabulation Indi
cates that certificates have been is
sued for very nearly double the ap
portionment of sugar in North Caro
lina for the month of July.
This means that no certificates will
be issued for August at all unless
additional sugar is available from the
markets for this state. Administra
tor Page instructed county food ad
ministrators that no further sales of
25 pound lots of sugar for canning
and preserving purposes would be
made without the specific authority of
county food administrators.
Heretofore the first 25 pounds has
been sold upon certificates not requir
ing the approval of county food admin
istrators. Emphasis will also be
placed upon the keeping of accurate
records of sales of sugar in whatever
quantities, by retailers.
Fireman's Relief Money.
The 1918 firemen's relief fund, accu
mulated for the various cities and
towns of the state that maintain fire
departments through the payment by
insurance companies of one-balf of
one per cent on insurance premiums,
received from insurance in the respec
tive municipalities, has been paid over
to the state insurance department and
is just distributed by Commissioner
James R. Young to thes6 towns, the
total being $12,547.97. The fund is
used Tor the relief of. firemen sick or
I injured by accident, the care for their
: dependents and for relief of needy
firemen who have had as much as ten
It develops that in quite a number
of towns there has accumulated con
siderable unused funds from the mon
eys received in past annual distribu
tions and Commissioner Young is urg
ing thp proper authorities to invest
thee funds in war savings and Lib
Conclusion Comes Abruptly.
Definite refusal -of the corporation
commission to allow another contin
uance of the hearing of the petition
f the Southern BeU Telephone Co.
for increasmg the rates in ' Wilming
ton. Charlotte, Winston-Salem, Ashe-vilIe-
Raleigh. Greensboro and other
exchange towns, twelve in all, of
North Carolina, brought the evidence
and arguments to a conclusion, and
there remains the preparation and
Promulgation of the ruling, which it
1 understood will be forthcoming be
fore Chairman Travis retires from the
convrvssjon August 1. Mayor Mc
ttnrh. of Charlotte, Mr. Kimbel, and
otfters flf counsel for those resisting
the increases, pleaded in vain for fur
time. 60 days if possible, and cer
tainly of, davg in whIch tQ g0 lnt( tne
Befi company's- contract with the Am
erican company, and for getting ex
8mc New Charters.
arters issued by the secretary of
Dr)(,tOrs La-ke Mllline- fnmnanv Ta.
leigh, to maintain o - n i i a.
a. i oui cittlUUtti, UUUV
and fi.shlno- .itv. nc aaa ...
nonzed capital and $800 subbscribed.
er, 'rators are Dr. J. R. Rog
Drake Haywood' and W- B.
The Giat Mountain Land and De
ll??111 ComPan7 of Charlotte with
Ooo ? uhrized capital and $10,-
F ThPrTr -?i8tribut'on of Labor.
i ' . ljnitd States eovernment In
which? L l6ave nothIn undone
looks to the DrODer diiitrt button
. . &t and the jiUHbiMmi r,f 11
h LlTLlh countly i thown clearly
s move to enlist verr avaJlahlii
-BonCV y. .
lafornL? work of disseminating
ftiUee Uon' N week the com-
Mton , vnonc Information will
out th pek,n campaign through
four. tnin "1ted 8ute8- utilizing the
Wint men' organization, nam
W)Bc rT 45'000- ln the theater,
Whtrtef8 of all sort.
Feed For Chick anrf w-
Many North famiino " .
greatly increased the number of pigs
and poultry usually kept on- their
farms. SuoDortRri Htv. i j
of home grown1 feeds, these hogs and
nana am..i. ..
; " Kive tneir. owners an
adequate supply of
another year's consumption, states J.
M. Johnson of the agricultural ex
It Is well, thornrh frtt.
have added to the number of hogs
and hoa-5 usually knt t ,,t-
that, without more and better feeds,
ims exira livestock may become a
liability instead of a valuable asset.
mere is always aom tmin QnA '
- ' O MUU J VIA'
er products of an unmarketable, or
uhh- quamy, which can be, and
nearly always is
and chickens on the farm. Thus fed,
the animals make a cheap and reas
onably satisfactory gain. When the
number is increased, though, without
auuiuuuai ieeas, tbey cannot be prop
erly nourished. ?
The idea that iha
right now is that, with his increased
number of livestock, he must provide
i proportionately greater supply of
It is not yet too late to plant peas
and other legumes near the house
for the chickens late in the summer
and during the fall. The hens will lay
vjner with this extra green stuff, ant
they will not require--nearly so much
grain during the winter and early
The pigs now growing Into this win
ter's pork supply need an extr
amount of grajlng crops for late sum
mer and fall. Plant soybeans, cow-
peas, Spanish peanuts, or other crops
on the available spots near the lota
and pastures, or in the corn fields, and
let the hogs Jo the harvesting. Afte
the fattening hogs lve done their
share, the brood sow with her fall
pigs can go In the field and finish up
the job. Then there is practically no
waste, and the pork Is made at a low
Secure Labor in Orderly Way.
The department ot labor has an
nounced that only manufacturers en
gaged in filling war contracts and em
ploying over 100 workers will be re
quired to obtain their unskiled labor
through the United States employ
ment service by the ruling which goes
into effect August 1. This announce
ment was the result of Inquires re
ceived by the department or labor
from employers not engaged in war
work and specifies the conditions un
der which private recruiting of labor
may be continued. A copy of the
announcement received by the local
employment bureau reads as follows:
"Non-war industries are affected
only Indirectly. But they are one and
all affected directly, from the. fact
that the .war industries ofthe nation
manding sacrifice and co-operation
are now of paramount importance, de
from all employers not engaged In
war work In order that they may
function with maximum efficiency.
"Non-war industries, therefore,
must not offer superior inducements,
prevent the transfer of workers urg
ently needed for war production or in
any way attempt to compete with the
government for labor.
The following five classes of labor
need not at the present time be re
cruited through the United States em
ployment service, although, of course,
the machinery of the employment
service Is available to all employers
needing these classes:
"1. Labor which is not directly or
"2. Labor for railroads, except in so
far as the director general of railroads
has already or may in the future e
quire that recruitng shall be exclusive
ly though the United States employ
ment service. "
"3. Farm labor to be recruited in
accordance with existing arrangement
with th edepartment of agriculture.
"4. Labor for non-war work.
"5. Labor for establishments the
maximum force of which (including
the additional number recruited) does
not exceed 100 employees."
To Operate E. C. Railroad.
President Henry Clark Bridgers, of
the East Carolina Railroad Company,
before leaving Washington decided to
operate his own railroad under the
liberal stipulations cS the railroad ad
ministration as to satisfactory rout
ings and fair treatment. - - t
To Homestead Returning Soldiers.
Secretary of State J. Bryan Grimes
is In earnest In his request for home
eteadlng soldier farmers in North
Carolina. His plan is considered wor
thy of support. The west will grab
off lots of the soldiers after the war,
and make good citizens out of them.
Many of the boys at the front were
valuable assets before they went to
war . but they will be worth a great
deal as community builders when they
returni from the battlefield. This is a
matter which vitally affects the entire
country and the south particularly.
Sell Wool to Mills Direct.
' An announcement Jrom the office of
the Agricultural Experiment Station
tends to relieve the situation in re
gard to the selling of wool by farmers
In North Carolina. In North Carolina
there are three wooleni mill at work
on government contracts. All three
of these mills are making up equip
mast for soldiera. and, by a special
provision of the War Industries Board,
they may buy wool from farmers di
rect. . .They cannot bvj from dealer,
however. . " .
POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, f C
; TO fif 51,101:24
FEDERAL APPROPRIATION AVAIL-
ABLE IF STATE CONTRIB
UTES LIKE AMOUNT.
BENEFITS ARE STATE WIDE
the Distribution of This Fund a
Wide Range of Counties
Washington. Th iron or a i
Vocational Education has announced
that North Carolina's apportionment
for the fiscal year of 1915-19 under the
ouum-uugnes act for the promotion
of vocational education was $51,191.24.
The stipulations governing the dis
tribution of the federal funds specify
that this amount must be matched by
a State appropriation of equal size.
Thus North Carolina will have avail
able for Investment in vocational
training a sum of $102,382.48.
- . VAX VL1 WilXICV
Agricultural, for salaries of t aiu.
ere, supervisors and directors - $28,
690.82; trade, home economic nH in.
dustry for salaries of teachers, $5,-
"'' teacher training, for salaries
of teachers and maintenance nf teah.
er training, $16,852.69.
The educational institutions of
North Carolina sharing in the allot
ment of federal funds are: Lowe's
Grove Farm Life School, Newton, R.
Fi D.; Craven County Farm Life
School, Vanceboro: Sand Hill Farm
Life School, Vass; Red Oak Farm
i-.ue benool, Rocky Mount, R. F. D.;
Rich Square Farm Life School, Rich
Square; Cary Farm Life School, Cary;
Rock Ridge Farm Life Schrvni Tt w
D. No. 2. These funds are designated
lor the purpose of promoting agricul
The institutions to receive appro
priations for teacher trainine are th
Agricultural and Engineering College,
ot west Raleigh, and the North Caro
lina Agricultural and Technical Col
lege of Greensboro.
Schools sharing in the distribution
for the purpose of teaching home eco
nomics are the Slater Industrial and
Normal School (colored) of Winston
Salem, and the State Normal and In
dustrial College of Greensboro.
Schools designated under the class-I
flcation of vocational institutions are
the Winston-Salem High School and
the Cary Farm Life School of Wake
Trades and industries will receive
an impetus by the distribution of
funds to the following Tar Heel
Roanoke Rapids graded school of
Roanoke Rapids; Weldon graded
schools, Wilmington graded schools
and East Lumberton High School.
Ravages of Red Spider.
Raleigh. Complaints of the ravages
of the Red Spider in the cotton fields
of North Carolina are coming in from
various sections of the State. Fine
cotton plants, some entirely destroyed
by the pests, were brought into the
State Agricultural department .by
farmers from the Bayleaf section
in north Wake. The farmers, who
brought them, stated that the spiders
are giving the farmers not a little
The United States and the State Ag
ricultural Departments are studying
this pest which seems to be worse
than usual this season. It is a very
small spider, so called for want of
a beter name, and attacks the leaves
Recent N. C. Casualties.
Raleigh. The following is a list of
recent casualties among North Caro
lina troops as shown by latest reports :
Killed in action Private A. J. Hug
gins, Ennlce; H. K. Burtner, Greens
boro. Died of wounds Privates G. K.
Spratt, Belmont, and James B. Chap
Severely wounded Private Wm.. A.
Liquor Case at Lenoir.
Newton. Frank Keever, of this
place, charged with selling poisonous
liquors last February causing the
death of two young men from Con
over, Garland Bolick a-nid Lloyd
Smyre, has been found guilty of -manslaughter
by the jury, but has not yet
been sentenced. After the death of
Smyre and Bolick some of the Jiquid
sold these young men and the stom
ach of Smyre were sent to j State
Chemist W. A. Withers at Raleigh for
analysis, which was found to contain
18 per cent menthos (wood alcohol).
Elon "Over the Top."
Elon College. Elon College now
has 400 of her sons with the colors.
Hen enrollment five years ago was by
the board of trustees fixed at 400 a
year and now she has furnished the
nation with a number equal to her
annual enrollment. The authorities of
Elon College are rejoiced thus to serve
the cause of righteousness and 'free
dom. The Elon faculty identifies re
ligion and patriotitsm in this war, and
in this thought they have the united
rapport of the.. board et trustee.
i : rrr . 1 i-
SEVERE HAIL AND RAIN STORM
Crops in Section of Eight Miles Square
Are Completely Devastated Hail
Drifted to Depth of Two Feet
Raleigh A stretch tof country eight
miles square, encircling Holly Springs,
was visited by a I jmost severe hail
storm. The devastation is the most
complete ever seen" tnj that partof the
country, in that stretch of territory
practically everything the farmers had
was destroyed. Ftli cotton, tobac
co, vegetables and i practically all de
structible vegetatioi was completely
swept away. Governor Rickett has
promised to send a$ expert from the
experiment station ltd Iconf er -with the
farmres who have fpjbt' their crops rel
ative to what can lej planted now
most advantageously j
The hail storm, mingled with high
wind and some rain! )egan about nine
o'clock in the morning and lasted
afoout thirty minutes j At the end of
that time the rain) "began to fall in
torrents and contintid " to fall nearly
all day. The hail fell jto depth of ten
to twelve Inches in tfiittiy places, while
in other places it drifted to a depth
of thirty inches. 1 1 i
County Representatives Appointed.
Charlotte. Thirty; county mer
chants' representatives! of the North
Carolina food adpjfnjstration have
been apppfnted recently by J. B. Ivey,
state merchants' representative of the
food administration P .A. Brooks
was appointed sevefl j weeks ago as
merchants' represeqjtfitive for Meck
lenburg j county.
The Imposed duty lof these repre
sentatives is to brin before the peo
ple in their respocfiv counties the
rulings, regulations,! and requests of
the state and Unite States food ad
ministration. They are considered the
publicity agents of thjeidministration.
S v - i'
Killed Daughters, pefamer.
Raleigh. Mr. GeorigjB .Williams, who
shot and killed Carl jiierette at Elm
City on June 27 for delatning the name
of his -14-year-old daughter, and who
was seriously wounded by Vinerettee,
is In a local hospital and will recover.
It was agreed by ctpuiicil on both
sides W. A. Finch fj? Idefendant and
John F. Woodard fori deceased that
Mr. Williams' bond baf fixed at $5,000,
which was readily friished by gen
tlemen of Elm City. I jrie preliminary
hearing has been setpir August 8, to
be heard In this cityH
Latest Casualty List.
Raleigh. The nain&s
of those re.
cently kiled, woundei
from North Carolina iiverseaa are as
follows: , If!
Killed in action Ii&ut. Presley R.
Brown, Morganton, N ; C.; Private
Henry K. Burtnr, Gfrensboro, N. C.
Eied of disease Pjfvte Grover K.
Spratt, Belmont, N. fcf: .
Severely wounded-v-Corprrals E.
McCollom, Wentworthand Allison M.
Page .Aberdeen; Privsife Joseph Clark,
Jr., Kenton, N. C. ' f
Sugar Substitute 'Formulas.
Charlotte. C-A. Hhks, merchants
representative of the 'food administra
tion for Mecklenburg county at Char
lotte, states that he"had received a
new supply of the booklets containing
formulas for making 'substitutes for
sugar. Mr. Brooks had a supply of
these books some tini ago, but they
were in such demano,!by soda water
dispensers throughouithe state that
his supply was exhausted. He stated
he is now in a positiono furnish them
to anyone desiring alicopy.
Assurances of Fair iFrieight Rates.
Raleigh. The corprtion commis
sion, in replying to the: petition of the
Raleigh chamber of commerce rela
tive to special effort with the federal
authorities for immcxlinte readjust
ment of freight rates in the southeast
era section to relievelNorth Carolina
shipping points and specially Ral
eigh from discrimination in compari
son of rates with those enjoyed by
Virginia cities, tells ttiei chamber that
on two previous occsjons the com
mission" pressed this" situation on the
federal railroad management, and has
already received assurances that there
will be complete readjustment on the
basis of mileage that wHI be absolutely
fair to all concerned.! '
Artillery Army Camp.
Washington Specialist is announc
ed that Fayetteville fs !t6 have an ar
tillery army camp. Recently there
arose some trouble oyer profiteering
at West Point, Ky., where a camp was
to be located. Some, people' out there
grabbed up the landaiid tried to
profiteer on the government. ' It was
then that the war dep&tfnent started
out to look for another Jobation. Fay
etteville was selectedr p survey of 40,
000 to 50,000 acres of fl-and offered at
an average of $10 pfer acre, was
started. 1 1
Mill Foreman VSunded.
Fayetteville. D. L .jmdy, foreman
of a saw mill seven "ptiles north of
thsi city, is In Highsnith Hospital
here in a seriously wounded condi
tion, having been h'ottiiree times by
Dave Evans, a negro &borer at the
mill following a disputover the pay
roll. Evans fired fou shots at the
foreman, three taking effect in his left
breat, left side and fp'earm. It was
stated at the hospital ttat the extent
of the seriousness of Biindy's wounds
cannot , be foretold at fthia time, but
hat he was , resting comfortably. .
SEEMS IN SIGHT
WITH STUBBORN PERSISTENCE
ALLIED TROOPS CONTINE TO
PRESS ENEMY BACK.
GERMAN LINES ARE BROKEN
Americans and French Penetrate
Enemy Lines, at Some Points to
Depth of Three Miles.
Victories for the allied arms in
France continue to multiply. Over
the entire 60-mile front running from
Soissons to Rheims the allied troops
are fighting with a determination that
brooks no denial of their efforts. And
the Germamns are steadily giving
ground, though stoubborn. resistance
is being offered on some sectors.
Further goodly sized . indentations
have been made in the Germain line
between Soissons and Chateau-Thierry
by the American and French troops
and almost all the gains made by the
Germans in their recent drive south
of the Marne and toward the vicinity
of Rheims have been blotted out un
.der the counter attacks of the Amer
icans, French, British and Italians.
Cateau-Thierry, which represents
the point in the battle line where the
Germans had driven their wedge
nearest to Paris, has been recaptured
by the French troops and almost sim
ultaneously the vilage of Brasles, two
miles eastward, and the heights to the
north of the village fell into their
Acting in harmony with the move
ment on Chateau-Thierry, American
and French troops northwest of the
city struck the Germans another hard
blow, broke through the German lines
and drove through at some points
more than three miles. Large num
bers of prisoners were taken and the
machine guns of the allied troops lit
erally mowed down the Germans who
endeavored to stay their progress. To
the north, along the Oureq valley, the
French are making good progress.
The entire southern bank of the
Marne having been cleared of enemy
forces, French, British and Italian
troops now are harassing those south
west of Rheims and they have been
forced to fall back In the Courton
wood and the Ardre valley and near
St. Euphralse. Aviators continue to
leand assistance to the troops of Gen
eral Foch, scouting the ' back' areas
and harassing the retreating Germans
with their machine guns. Notable
work has bbeen done by American
Indians for General Perishlng's men,
the Aborginies taking a prominent
part in characteristic western fashion.
SUBMARINE ATTACK ON
Orleans, Mass. An enemy submar
ine attacked a tow off the eastermost
point of Cape Cod, sank three barges,
set a fourth and thedr tug on fire and
dropped four shells on the mainland.
The action lasted an hour and was un
challenged except for two hydroplanes
from the Chatham aviation station,
which circled over the UJboat causing
her to submerge, for only a moment,
to reappear and resume firing.
The crew of the tow numbering 41
and including three women and five
children;, escaped amid the shellfire
In lifeboats. Several were wounded,
but only one seriously. ,
The attack was without j warning and
only the poor marksmanship of the
German gunners permitted the escape
of the crews. The one-sided fight
took place three miles south of the
Orleans coastguard station, which is
located midway between Chatham, at
the elbow, and Highland light at the
extreme tip of the cape. The firing
was heard for miles and brought
thousands to the beach from which
the flashes of the guns and the out
line of hte U-boat were piataly visible.
Possible danger to the onlookers was
not thought of until a shell whizzed
over their heads and splashed in a
pond a -mile inland. Three other
'hells buried themselves in the sand.
1,200,000 UNITED STATES
SOLDIERS SENT OVER
Washngton The high! water mark
of the German offensive povement In
France has been reached; and the ini
tiative now is passing to the allied
and American armies. General March,
chief of staff, told members of the sen
ate military committee. Later he an
nounced that American troop ship
ments had now exceeded 1,200,000
men, InsuringHhe man power to hold
the initiative on the western front.
WILSON SENDS MESSAGE
TO COLONEL ROOSEVELT
Washington . Upon learning that
German aviators had confirmed the
death of Lieutenant Quentin Roose
velt, President Wilson sent this mes
sage to Colonel Roosevelt at Oyster
Bay: "Am greatly distressed that the
new of your son's death is confirmed.
I had hoped for other news. He died
serving lila country and died with fine
gallantry. I am deeplygrieved that
Ms, service should hare come to tWf
jragic end, '
MAINTAIN FERTILITY OF SOIL
Cover Crops Are Used to Supply
Humus and Improve Physical
Condition of the Land.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Thrifty trees produce the best yields,
and in order that the trees may con
tinue to thrive it is necessary that the
fertility of the soil be maintained.
This Is done by the use of cover crop3
which are used to supply the amount
of humus In the soil, and by the ap
plication of fertilizers either in the
form of barnyard manure or commer
cial fertilizer. Cover crops improve
the physical condition of the land, pre
vent washing and hardening of the
soil, hold the rains and snows until
they have time to soak Into the land,
cause the soil to dry in the spring
making further tillage possible, and
sometimes serve as a protection from
frost. When a leguminous crop Is
used plant food in the form of nitro
gen is added to the soil.
Good tillage and the maintenance of
an ample supply of humus or decaying
vegetable matter In the soil will do
much to keep it in a sufficiently pro
ductive condition for peach growing.
But. continuous tillage of the soil tends
to deplete its content of humus unless
it Is renewed from time to time.
Where stable or barnyard manure
Is abundant there is probably no more
satisfactory way of supplying humus
to the soil than by a liberal use of It
Manure Is seldom obtainable, however.
In sufficient quantity to meet any far
reaching needs. In its absence the
use of cover or green-manure crops Is
to be advised.
The plants commonly used for cover
crop purposes fall into two' groups
leguminous (or nitrogen-gathering)
and nonleguminous. The former group
comprises red clover, crimson clover,
bur clover, field peas, vetch, cowpeas,
and others ; the nonleguminous group
consists of rye, oats, buckwheat, mil
let, rape, turnips, and varieus others.
Sometimes the growth of weeds or
other more or less spontaneous growth
is encouraged after the seasonal cul
tivation Is ended, as a means of ob
taining a cheap supply of vegetable
matter for the soil.
Red clover is more commonly used
In apple orchards than In peach or
chards, and especially when it Is In
tended to omit tillage for a season.
Vetch Is apparently being used more
and more as ap orchard cover crop in
the northern fruit districts. Crimson
clover is especially satisfactory in
some of the light soils In New Jersey
and Delaware In seasons when there '
Eigh-Year-Old Peach Tree Pruned
With View of Developing Strong,
Stocky Branches and an Open Top.
Is a good, supply of moisture in the
soli at the time of seeding. Cowpeas
are very widely used for this purpose
in middle and southern latitudes.
Probably rye Is the most widely
used nonleguminous plant. It can be
sowed late in the season, and It lives
over winter and starts Into growth
early the next spring. All of these
points are important considerations In
many instances. But oats in com
bination with vetch have been espe
cially satisfactory in .some cases, and
German millet has been shown to be
almost an Ideal nonleguminous cover
crop under some of the conditions
that prevail in Nebraska.
When a cover crop is used in a
peach orchard It should be plowed
under as early In the spring as prac
ticable, unless the growth that Is on
the ground can be worked Into the soil
effectively and more conveniently by
the use of a disk or cutaway harrow.
However,' If there is an abundance of
moisture in the soil, the turning un
der of the cover crop Is delayed In
many cases until after It has made
considerable growth in the spring, In
order to obtain as large a quantity of
vegetable ! matter to be worked. Into
the soil as is possible. ;
NEGLECT OF CIDER VINEGAR
Bushel of Apples Will Make Four Gal
lon and tti Other I as Good
, for Family Ue.
Cider vinegar Is being neglected. A
bushel of apples will make four gal
lons of cider 'or vinegar. No other
type of vinegar Is so good for family
use. It brings 12 to 15 cent per gal
lon wholesale. It is not difficult , to
make if one learns what to do and
arhen to'do lr -