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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, N. C.
i: : -
GET RETURNS FROM POULTRY
sT VARIETIES OF
.itutps One-Waif of Bar-
tldwin Man.. of thft
re!ed rcv U1 !
Mif United States Depart"
kare n-'. !;' ;f Agriculture.)
pal.iv.ia vnnoty of-; apples con-
l'D;t"" , t .,,,.1 Yum- Vnrt nnd
,i, ,.i 'if iron mneieiu
.fourth , ' ,
.r:,,M . wnicii aie XUIIIUUS.
v. l;ir,v production of apples.
-' orii'ty lc:nls in production among
: " : ,i . in' s. a wording to a na-
. ... wrtAnfli nrtninlafol
'i. r S. (it paftiiHHit of agriculture.
pavis. Ciano ana umcK ueu
'tlje' widest geographic distribu
1'i.viiiH'nt centers of Ben Davis
.,:n sire in the Shenandoah-
lriMn'I reszinn. muuuiiij; pai is ui.
auling Apples to the Packing House
From a Commercial Orchard. j
rpin. West Virginia, Maryland and
tosvlvania ; it leads in Missouri, :
iaois. the Ozarks, and the Missouri '
ver and Mississippi river apple re-
n: :in( it ranks high in production 1
the West, particularly in Colorado,
ah. nnd Washington. Gano and
lick Ben iire grown more extensively
the West than in the Middle West
Winf'?p.p follows Ben Davis in com- !
ercial importance and this is partic- ',
.:arlvtrue in the Yakima and Wen- i
chtf-e Valleys in Washington. In the
iedmont district of Virginia, Wincsap ;
the leading apple variety, and it ha ;
kfcfiderable commercial imrrtance In
le Arkansas and Missouri river val- !
jpy and in parts of Illinois.
The Jonathan is the leading variety
k Colorado and Idaho, and is impor-
lant in Washington, Oregon, Utah and
Few M' vico. Its orchards are de
pend at the junction of Iowa, Mis
souri, Nebraska, and Kansas, and are ,
piW'n in Illinois, the Ozarks, and !
he Ohio river region, and its nroduc- '
n is increasing in some parts of i
pEast ' !
fork Imperial is the leading commer-,'
1 apple of the Shennndonh-C.umber-
N region, a region that ranks next
'o New York in the production of bsr-
M appies. Tlu? normal apple pro-
Mon of this recion is 3.500.000 bar-
Ms. of which YnrL-s nrp two-fifths.
tie Ohio river section and Missouri
P produce considerable quantities
anPTy. " (
The Northern Spy was regarded as 1
:,e third apple variety in order of
r'mmfrcial production until recent
hrs- ind now it nrnhnhlr tho SPT- '
path. The commercial eron comes
H.v from Mchi fn n "Vow Vnrlr nnd 1
ertnnnt. -v.i o
I "w wtown. or Albermarle Plp-
c- leaning district Is the Pajaro
ff AAA V.awao i
'prndnoed in 1916 within a radius
ISmilPS from Wjitcnnvillo TTnllnw. I
J? California in order of production I
' ,Jr(J?0n, whprp thn Vollnw Vow. !
fpn i' iirt- me nooa in ver uiiu
mP Rivpr valleys. Washington Is, !
Ni nun are eeriniuijf i
laelnitp,i t-- Di
jf. r .M are jonainan, amy
,vDvD(Ilfif,"s. Winesap, Rome Beau
q0, rk Irnperial, Duchess, Grimes
W 21' M,'Tntosn' Wealthy, Trnnspar
; Blnck Twig. Williams Early Red,
?0 ras R,fick-and y,xtes- a sta
Hiort ,prfKhH'tion held by Baldwin,
fISl'inrl GreentP. Yellow New
Saln :lv' nstfjin. White Winter Pear
t, ' Xf,r,hwest Greening, Gano,
nlvr' Iai(ln Blush, Benoni Bo-
, t.uw otnrr. i
fine V! rif.ti .
are declining in . pro-
"'in. Arrmnn. .U 1 .1
4noVn , , 'meiu are wiueij'
VJrtj -"". sucn as Ben Davis,
omr!rn Sr'y' ErPus Spitzenburg.
Hii.". ali Kinds of Russet,
(stfU. MiSRAlir! Tlrrlr Tnlmnn
c" rnit. f";,i,. tt.
v,Wi, r nuieuse or ouow,
mhn 1''nnowpr. Twenty Ounce,
er Vrn t vaar' nd Cnnada, V7olf Riv-
Vafioti( other commercial
aldM S' Ani to tnis list would b
,,,, ,n Sprayina or Duftinn.
Want Sth'r"yinR or dustine a tree OI
job s h an Insecticide do a thorough
Tnjlt no spot is left untouched
the ins fnn insec't hide. Many oj
ev 0 cts Propagate very rapidly anJ
MRS. GOOSE TALKS.
"There comes Mrs. Goose," said the
creatures in the barnyard. "She must
be ready for a quarrel. She only
comes around when she feels like talking.-
against her neighbors or else
showing us how much she hates us by
not paying any attention to us at all "
"Good-day," shrieked Mrs. Goose.
I ve joined you for a few moments to
tell you what I think of some of you."
All the creatures in the barnyard
nudged each other and said:
"We said so. We said she had come
for a quarrel or to talk about us or
to treat us rudely in some way." '
"Do I hear talking?" asked Mrs.
"We wondered what you were going
to fight about," said some of the crea
tures who felt brave and strong.
"Nothing," shrinked Mrs. Goose. "I
am going to m;.ke a speech and it will
be called : 'The Silly Creatures pf the
Barnyard.' I will mention every single
creature except the Goose family, and
I will not mention them because they
are not silly creatures."
"All depends ou .ho is making the,
speech," said Billy Goat, who had been
an-ry at the Goose family ever since
they had been so rude and cross to
"I will not even mention you in my
speech," said Mrs. Goose, "for you are
to silly to mention."
"What is the use in getting angry
with that family V asked one of the
barnyard creatures. "Let's not show
we think that inueh, of them or pay
that much attention to what they say."
"There are the neighbor Pigs.eald
Mrs. Goose. 'They're a fine lot, ehl ;
Ha, ha, that's a merry joke. They're
far from being a fine lot. They're
nothing but pigs silly, greedy pigs.
Poor neighbors, Indeed."
"We're splendid pigs, good, healthy,
expensive pigs," squealed Brother Ba
But Mrs. Goose paid no attention.
"Then there is Red Top, the roos
ter. What sense is there in being a
rooster? All he can do is to crow
and crow and as for Mrs. Hen," she
said, "shefc is about as foolish a crea
ture as is possible.
"Then there are the vain peacocks
who strut around and admire their
tails. As though any creatures with
sense would admire their tails. That's
the last thing to admire. It's back of
a creature it Is the last thing to ad
mire. It's back of a creature it is
the last thing to admire, as I said be
fore !" And Mrs. Goose laughed shrilly
for she thought she had cracked a
"You think that's bright, do you?"
asked Billy Goat. "Well, any fellow
know without being told that tails
are at the back of creatures and are
not in front. That's stupid."
'Silence, Billy Goat," said Mrs.
Goose. "I am giving the barnyard a
treat in being around today. Now, we
have Mr. Donkey as a neighbor. The
children like to ride around and have
him pull their cart, but every one
knows that a donkey is a donkey and
that's foolish enough.
"Even If the peacocks have fine
tails, they have ugly feet." And Mrs.
Goose said this because she is a mean
creature and doesn't mind hurting
creatures' feelings. The poor pea
cocks dropped their tails at thia and
looked sadly at their feet.
"Then there are the foolish ducks,
cuacking, quacking all the time," con
tinued Mrs. Goose. "There is Mrs.
White Duck waddling along how."
"Yes, ftnd I'm coining to give you a
good talking," said Mrs. White Dock.
"I've heard your cross talk and what I
' have not heard myself a nice, kindly
little hird rnrne and whisDered to me.
In the first place of all there is no
need for you to make fun of me or
my family. Think of the folks who
call people and children they are fond
of, 'perfect ducks.' Ah, yes; when
someone wishes to be affectionate and
loving, to someone else she will say:
'Oh, you perfect duck.' I guess that
was never said about you. But I
haven't come here to boast. I've come
to say that you needn't stay around if
you can't be pleasant, for a cross crea
ture is the worst kind in all the world."
And Mrs. Goose walked away.
People who are always being mis
understood have themselves to blame.
Some girls go about with the air of
martyrs because their friends do not
understand them, but if such girls
were quite sincere they would be
forced to own that they do not fully
understand themselves. The "misun
derstood girl needs to stop thinking
about herself,' and begin to do some
thing for somebody else. The ten
dency to feel that do one understands
us Is generally the result of too much
introspection, too much day dreaming
and not enough hard work. Girls'
Symmetry, Net Contract.
Ups and downs are an addition to
the scenery, but not to character. The
contrast of hills and valleys, heights
and ravines, makes a landscape pleas
ing to look upon. . But nothing is more
pathetic than to see a nature with
noble qualities Joined to those which
are petty and unlovely. What is de
sirableln character is symmetry, not
contrast. Strive to lift your who e
nature to the level of your best quali
ties Girls Companion.
DTXMTJDR seated high among
the pastures, was like a peas
ant in holiday garb of pale
green with the rivers Yser
and TTandzaeme tied to her girdle.
She was like a girl standing mo
tionless looking upon the smooth
countryside, with the sea in the dis
tancethe sea toward which ever blew
a crisp breeze that made bend the
willows of her winding paths, writes
Douglas Ainslie in London Graphic.
To Dixmude, indeed, there is also
applicable another figure the mar
tyr and her history from the middle
ages has had Its full share of blood
and iron ever since It was but a sim
ple fortress built upon an eminence
above the place where various rivu
lets unite to form the Yser. In the
thirteenth century Guy de Dampierre
surrounded it with powerful ram
parts, and through all the centuries
that have followed, from the period of
the civil wars that rendered desolate
the low countries in the fourteenth cen
tury to the days when Rantzau and
Turenne entered it as conquerors, the
city has been one of the delights of
the low countries.' Dixmude did not
attempt resistance to the troops of
the French Revolution, and it is nota
ble that whenever she has been al
lowed some respite she has quickly
resumed her peaceful commercial life.
People Slow to Take Alarm.
Her population had the Flem
ish phlegm, and even when the mo
bilization began in 1014. it was looked
upon as a simple precautionary meas
ure. Was not the neutrality of Bel
gium guaranteed by treaties signed by
the plenipotentiaries of all the great
powers? Had not this neutrality been
respected since 1870? What cause,
therefore, was there for alarm? Such
was the confidence in "scraps ot pa
per" that when a certain individual
took it upon himstfljf to announce Ger
many's violation olThe neutrality of
the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, on
the second of August, and to prophesy
the worst, he was positively hissed and
accused of propagating demoralizing
news. Dixmude did not wish to be
lieve in the treachery of the Ger
mans. But events hasten on. News comes
of the destruction of Vise, of the
resistance of Liege, and that England,
respectful of international treaties, has
declared herself for the allies. White
troupes of trembling fugitives who had
escaped from the sack of Louvain and
the massacre of Tongres and Aerschot,
came pouring into Dixmude, toward
safety and the west, in a state of pa
Ruined Beauties of the City.
But the ups and downs of the siege,
the false tranquility, and the horrible
awakening, must be sought elsewhere
in vint. It will, perhaps, be Inter
esting to glance rather at a few of the
outstanding beauties of Dixmude
which have disappeared beneath the
blows of the Teutonic hammer. The
Church of St. Nicholas was, perhaps,
the most remarkable of the monu
ments that had survived from ancient
times. It was built upon the site of
the primitive chapel of the tenth cen
tury, and its interior belied the com
parative modesty of the exterior. It
contained the famous rood-screen, one
of the marvels' df Belgium. The
screen was remarkable, owing to the
enormous number of leaves, flowers,
fruits, and even of minute insects
with which rne ancient sculptor had
been at infinite pains to adorn it
This prodigious labor, lasting over
many years, was accomplished by a
single artist, whose name alone has
come down to us from the sixteenth
century: Jean Bartet.
The old Beguinage, Inhabited by
women who were not nuns, and form
ing a lay order which they might
leave at will, was a touching relic
of the past. It used to stand in the
mi f' die of the town, surrounded with
high walls, crouching there as though
from modesty. A low door afforded an
entrance to the grass plot around
which were grouped tl little houses.
At the further end stood a chapel
whose low roof and damp walls seem
ed exactly to suit, by reason of its
very humidity, these good souls in
the evening of their life, dwelling so
peacefully there under the mild rule
of their patron, Saint Begue.
Favorite Place of Artists.
Yes, Dixmude was the younger sis
ter of her neighbor, Bruges, offering
to tired eyes a like prospe'et of green
and leafy surprises along Its ancient
quaj'S. Unlike Bruges, Dixmude was
never "discovered" by the fashionable
crowd. The same old North and Roman
bridges, the bridge of the Peage and of
he Allee. which spanned the Krekel-
beek, were never trod by feet hurrying
from one table d'hote to another. The
calm burghers of Dixmude had cross- ;
ed and recrossed them, in the hard
frost of winter or in the golden eve
nings of autumn, when the sun
came to die amid prodigious magic of
The charm of Dixmude made es
pecial appeal to artists, and the Paris
Ian Leon Cassel was one of its most
fervent admirers. He left Paris every !
summer to plunge again into the in-
spiration which came to him from the
old walls peopled with old memories,
and it Is largely thanks to him that
Dixmude is still living for us, though
many of his finest pictures have, alas,
been destroyed by the fury of the
Monday, market day, was the most
animated of the week. On that day
Dixmude was alert at dawn, roused
from its customary repose. The good
women of Essen, of Woumen, of Caes
kerke, the jovial dealers from Rou- ,
lers and Poperinghe, drovers from
Ypres and Furnes shouted their
broad jokes at one another as they
pressed on to the Woumenstraat. The
butter market presented just before
the war a- spectacle as stirring and
as picturesque as it had presented for
centuries, and with little difference.
SEEMED TO UPSET , THEORY
Meat Eater Had No Chance at Ail
With Vegetarian Supposed to Be
Meek and Lowly.
Many of the things we are quite surt
of are probably not true. For instance,
one cannot rely upon the theory that
the diet controls the man that the
vegetarian is, by virtue of his diet,
meek and docile, while the confirmed
and habitual meat eater is a ferocious
animal when aroused.
Mr. Brandon, in our block, is a con
sistent vegetarian not only believes
in it, but urges the merits of his sys
tem upon his friends. He was ecstatic
about the fine, tender spinach he was
permitted to enjoy, and made the
neighbors weary singing its praise,
says a writer in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
Well, yesterday morning when 1
slipped over to pay my meat bill, Mr.
Brandon was wrangling with the
butcher about his iccount. It appears
there was a cipher too much in his to
tal, or something it was $10 and Bran
dpn thought it should be $1. Well, any
way, the butcher lost his temper and
called Brandon a Mar, and you ought
to have seen that vegetarian land on
the butcher ! He banged him first on
one side of t'ie face and then on the
o'her, slammed him down in a corner
and kicked him in the ribs; it looked
like he was intending to take the
butcher apart when the help inter
fered. If a . man can work up that sort of
action on spinach, radishes and. gra
ham gems, why should anybody buj
meat? And another thing, what was
the ferocious meat eater doing while
the vegetarian was at work on him?
Nothing, absolutely nothing! No, in
deed; he didn't even have time to get
mobilized. It seems to be plain that
this theory of vegetarian docility has
got to be revised.
First American Knighted.
Commenting on the fact that several
American citizens besides the inventor
of the Browning guns could claim title
to knighthood and inlsist on being ad
dressed as sir. if they were so foolish,
New York Evening World recalls
that the first native American to be
knighted by an English monarch was
Sir William Pepperell, who was born
in Kittery, Me., in 1696.
His father was a Welshman who
came to New England as an appren
tice to a fishermau. The son became
a merchant and amassed a large for
tune. For 32 years he was a mem
ber of the royal council of Massa
chusetts, and as chief justice of the
common pleas court he won eminence
ar a jurist. He was-knighted for his
snccess as a leader of the expedition
against Louisburg. the French strong
hold on Cape Breton, ' and afterward
attained the rank of lieutenant general
in the British army.
How He Lost Her. j
."Dick,--said a girl, to hut lover ae
night recently, "you've been drinkirig
coffee, haven't you?"
He admitted it
!"Why do you drink it?" she said.
"Well," he answered," thoughtlessly,
"I did it because I was coming to see
you and wanted to keep awake."
He is looking for a new girl now.
On Many Farms Products From Fowls
Can Be Counted on as Practically
(Prepaied by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The farmer who raises the ordinary
grains and keeps some live stock has
perhaps the greatest opportunity that
has ever come to him for making
profit from poultry. The possibilities
for profit are perhaps not so large as
they used to be for the special poultry
farmer, and that fact may have, led
some general farmer to believe that
the situation applies in some way to
them ; but there exists just here an
unusual paradox. The very conditions
that may make poultry and egg pro
duction a losing enterprise on the spe
cialized poultry farm tend to make it
an increasingly gainful one for the
general farmer. Where nearly all
of his feed has to be bought at high
prices, the margin between cost of pro
duction and proceeds from sale be
comes extremely narrow, but where
practically all of the poultry feed is
made up of waste materials that would
otherwise not be utilized in any man
ner, the percentage of profit becomes
very rrmeh larger when prices are
high than It ever could have been
when prices were low. Poultry on
the farm obtain a very great part of
their feed by foraging, by gleaning the
waste from stable yards and feeding
lots, by consuming the scraps froijn the
kitchen door, by preying upon insect
pests in pasture and field, and in
only a relatively small degree from
grain or other commodities that would
be marketable. A farmer whose poul
try is fed in this way may count
all of the money received for eggs
and surplus poultry as practically
clear profit. When, therefore, eggs
and poultry are selling at higher prices
than have usually been obtainable, the
farmer's margin of profit without ex
penditure is very greatly increased.
It is, therefore, to the farmers of
the country that the nation must look
for the greater part of the immedi
ate Increase of poultry products which
Will make it possible to supply our
own army and navy with red meats
and at the same time furnish the allies
with the animal foods they need.
DISINFECTION OF HENHOUSE
Structure Should Be Thoroughly
Cleaned Out and Sprayed at
Least Once EveryYear.
OPrepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Once a year the poultry house should
be thoroughly cleaned out and sprayed
with one of the coal tar disinfectants
or given a good coat of whitewash
containing 5 per cent of crude car
bolic acid or creosol. Unless the ex
terior is painted, a coat of whitewash
will help preserve the lumber nnd give
a neater appearance to the building.
Spring is one of the best seasons to
clean up and whitewash the poultry
house. A well-made whitewash is the
Bucket Spray Pump, Useful in Disin
fecting Chicken House.
cheapest of all paints, and if "properly
made serves equally well either for ex
terior or interior surfaces.
A good whitewash can be made by
.slaking about 10 pounds of quicklime
in a pail with 2 gallons of water,
covering the pnil with cloth or bur
lap and allowing it to slake for one
hour. Water is then added to bring
the whitewash to a consistency
which may be applied readily. A wa
terproof whitewash for exterior sur
faces may be made as follows: (1)
Slake 1 bushel of quicklime in 12
gallons of hot water, (2) dissolved 2
pounds of common salt and 1 pound
of sulphate of zinc in 2 gallons of
boiling water; pour (2) into (1), and
add 2 gallons of skim milk and mix
thoroughly. Whitewash is spread
lightly over the surface with a broad
Guineas Gaining Favor.
. Guinea fowls are growing In favor
as a substitute for game birds, with
:he result that guinea raising is be
coming more profitable.
Purebred Fowls Best
If you are raising ?crub chickens,
you certainly are not making near the
amount that you could if you had pure
I J i
MANY SHEEP KILLED BY DOGS
Ways of Preventing Ravages by Ani
mals Are Suggested by Agricul
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Uniform state laws are advocated by
the United States department of agri
culture as being the most effective
method of dealing with the sheep-killing
dog. Investigation by the depart
meut among sheep owners in 15 states
east of the Rocky mountains shows
that out of a total of 6;836,492 sheep la
the 502 counties reporting, 34.G8M were
killed by dogs in one year (1913) and
were paid for by the counties. At the
same rate of loss in other farm states
the total annual destruction of sheep
by dogs would be 107,760.
But these figures are based only
npon the number actually paid for, and
it is more than probable that the tme
losses far exceed this. It is known
that many sheep are killed which are
never reported to the county official.
In 1913 crop reports in .50 states sub
mitted estimates which showed that
the number of sheep in those states
could be increased 150 per cent with
out displacing other live stock. Such
an Increase would place approximate
ly 34,000,000 more sheep in these
states than there aie now. Of 1,411
answers received to the question as
to whether sheep raising is profitable
in the farm states 887 answered "yes."
Of 894 answers as to the causes pre
venting increase In the numbers of
sheep 531 said. "Dogs."
USE SELF-FEEDERS FOR HOGS
Device Will Give as Good Results as
Most Expert Hand Feeder Time
and Labor Saved.
(Prepared bv the Un'ted States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
By means of the self-feeder the av
erage farmer will have as good results
as the most expert hand-feeder, and
the results will be obtained at much
less expense of time and labor. For
the average farmer there is little doubt
which method Is the more economical,
for the self-feeding system is advan
tageous in every respect. Its us re
sults, first, in larger daPy gains in live
weight, bringing the pigs to a market
able size -at an earlier date; second,
feed is consumed more rapidly, and
consequently gains are more rapid;
and. third, as there Is an actual saving
in the amount of feed required to pro
duce 100 pounds of gain, it is show
.that the increased feed consumption
and the more rapid daily gains are not
made at the expense of efficient use of
the feed. On the contrary, a smaller
amount of feed Is consumed In making
pork, which is a fact of extreme im
portance at present. The last and one
of the most important advantage to
the farmer at this time Is the saving of
labor, for although dally, watch must
be kept on the self-feeder to see thr.t
each compartment is we'l supplied and
not clogged, this requires only a frac
tion of the time necessary to h;nd
; feed the same hogs several times a
The self-feeder may be adapted to
the use of any kind of grain or feed,
although shelled grain and ground
feeds are. most commonly used. It
Ohio Self-Feeder End View With
End Siding Boards Removed.
may be adapted to handle ear corn,
but such a. feeder must be of large
size and heavily made in order to hold
sufficient grain to feed a bunch of
hogs several days without refilling.
In order that the self-feeder may
readily be adapted to different kinds
of grains it should be constructed with
some means of regulating the opening
through which the feed passes. For
example, cbrnmeal or barley requires
a smaller opening to prevent too rapid
a flow of grain than is required in the
case of shelled corn. A well-constructed
self-feeder will last a number of
years, and as it may not always be
convenient to feed the same grain
every season some provision must be
made to accommodate different sizes
Care should be taken to see that the
self-feeder is always supplied wita.
each feed, for if one part of the ration
Is missing the pigs will naturally eat
an increased amount of any other
available nutrient, and in such a case
will make very poor use of it For ex
ample, when tankage and shelled com
constitute the ration, if corn were to
become exhausted the shoats would
naturally eat a very large amount of
tankage, which would not only fall to
produce rapid gains, but would In
crease the consumption of a very high
priced feed. Too much emphasis can
not be placed upon this point for th
beginner is apt to become cnreles la
the use of a device which does not ro
quire constant cara.
I IV l 1 jr
jt I L-a o.iiui iw iwwfl
i uo lots cr damage.