North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
f i 3
; f !
It ; -
: ) "
1 ! !
u i i
. 'i -
POLK COUNT? 1HSWS, TRYON, N. C.
THE W OVER
IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THIS
AND OTHER NATIONS FOR
8EVEN DAYS GIVEN
THE NEWS 0T THE SOUTH
Whirl Is Taking Place In The South
land Will Be Found In
The world's total losses of merchant
tonnage from the beginning of the war
to the eria of October, 1118, by enemy
action and marine risk was 15,053,786
gross tons, according to official an
nouncement by the British adniiralty.
The entire Turkish fleet is now in
the hands of the allies, the British
admiralty announces. The warships
after surrendering were interned in
.the Golden Horn at Constantinople.
The former German cruiser Goeben
was among the surrendered vessels.
The hew Turkish government is
proceeding against the young Turk
party of Enver Pasha.
In reviewing the question of wheth
er GermanjHis able to pay war dam
ages and the war expenditures incur
red by the allies, the London Daily
Mail declares that the estimated al
lied expenditures of twenty-five bil
lion dollars are less than one-seventh
of the main German assets in sight.
The newspaper says that a moder
ate estimate of the value of German
mineral deposits Is 191,000,000,000
pounds sterling. In addition the Ger
mans own their own railroads, for
estst mines and large areas of land.
All the nations represented at the
Inter-allled conference here may be
regarded as in agreement with the
policy of Lloyd-George as to compell
ing Germany to pay to the limit of
her capacity. The allied representa
tives are also agreed on the proposi
tion of bringing to trial those respon
sible for outrages on humanity dur
ing the war.
The reply of Admiral Beatty, com
mander of the British grand fleet, to
a request by Germany for mitigation
of naval terms of the armistice, re
fuses any concession, regarding mer
chant shipping or fishing in the
Incidents of serious gravity occur
red within the last few days in a
prison camp in Saxon, where allied
prisoners are confined, the Echo de
Paris declares. The allied govern
ments are reported to have decided
to act energetically in that connec
tion. Speaking at Bootle, England, An
drew Bonar Law, the chancellor of
the exchequer, confirmed the state
ment that the British government had
decided to press the allies as. strong
ly as possible that the surrender of
former Emperor William should be
demanded, and that he should stand
Translators in twenty-three lan
guages, Including Chinese, Arabic,
Turkish and some not even so well
known, have been called for by Brig
Gen. William W. Harts, who is di
recting the equipment of the Amer
ican peace delegates, says a Paris dispatch.
Messages directing the disposition
of official business have begun to
reach the white house from President
Wilson at sea aboard the transport
George Washington. It is understood
that all the wireless dispatches so far
have dealt only with routine business.
Cotton has taken an upward .turn,
and all the authorities are agreed that
Southern farmers should hold cotton
for some time yet.
The high water mark in the rausterf
ing-out process at Camp Wheeler, Ga.,
was reached recently when ,600 were
sent home in one day.
Bound on a mission the principal
objects of which are the -abolition of
militarism in any form and the attain
ment of world peace, Woodrow Wil
son, first president of the United
States to visit Europe while in of
fice, is speeding across the Atlantic
toward France to attend the greatest
International conference in history.
Ten men were killed and twenty
three injured at Pompton Lakes, N.
J., by four explosions which destroyed
the detonator assembling building of
the DuPont cap works and shook the
countryside for miles around.
More than five thousand soldiers
arriving in New York from England
on the transports Lapland and Mln
nekahda shared as a part of their
home-coming reception the tremen
dous ovation given President Wilson
as he sailed for France on the George
Complaint in an injunction suit
against Postmaster General Burleson
was filed in New York by the Com
mercial Cable company seeking to pre
vent the postmaster general from as
suming control of the company's ma
rine cable system.
The week of December 15 has been
designated by the war department
commission' on training camp activi
ties as a time for special letters to
be written by mothers, fathers, sis
ters, wives and sweethearts of the
men now overseas.
American builders may accept con
tracts for steel or wood ships to be
built for private American interests
without making application to the
shipping board for permit. Similarly
wood ships also may be built for for
eign account. This has been announc
by the shipping board.
Joseph V. Stilson, secretary of Kova,
a Lithuanian language newspaper, was
sentenced In the federal court at Phil
adelphia to serve three years in the
Atlanta, Ga., penitentiary. He was
found guilty of conspiracy to violate
the espionage act and with obstruct
ing recruiting. I
The decision of the war labor
board announced in Washington Fri
day, granting in part the demands of
the Atlanta union street carmen for ,
higher wages, and the reinstatement
of men discharged, but giving the
company the right to prohibit the
wearing of the union button while
on duty, was received by the workers
with disappointment and dissatisfac
tion. President Arkwright of the com
pany says the increase in wages will
wreck the company.
v i iUMrnnr m in iim i mi
1 British mine sweepers clearing .the North sea of German mines. 2 American soldiers who were wound
ed In the St. Mihiel salient, photographed on their arrival in New York. 3 Dr. Joseph Pernikoff, representa
tive of the all-Russian government, who has just come to the United States.
NEWS REVIEW OF
President Sails for France, But
Does Not Jell Specifically
What He Plans to Do.
WILL BE WARMLY WELCOMED
Trial of Former Kaiser for Murder
Seems Assured Llebknecht and
Spartacua Group Fighting
Ebert't Government for
Control In Germany.
The report is that the epidemic of
Influenza persists, but that deaths are
much less numerous.
Between three hundred thousand
and three hundred and fifty thousand
deaths from influenza and pneumonia
have occurred among the civilian pop
ulation of the United States since Sep
tember 15, according to estimates of
the public health service.
Representative Carter Glass of Vir
ginia, chairman of the house banking
and currency committee, is under
stood to have been offered the post of
secretary of the treasury by Preeident
President Wilson has accepted the
resignation of Bernard M. Baruch as
chairman of the war industries board,
effecth January 1, and has agreed
that the war industries board cease
to exist as a government agency on
Judge John T. Pendleton of the civ
il division of the superior court of
Fulton county, says Atlanta outranks
Reno in the matter of divorce. He says
people flock to Atlanta from every
p art of the United States to secure
divorces. He deplores the lack of
suitable laws to protect the marriage
Trading In the stockk markets dur
ing the .week ending December 7 was
the dullest for many weeks, being lim
itfcd to specialties, notably tobaccos
at extreme advance of 1 to 5 points.
The practice of tying military pris
oners to the bars of cells and all other
methods of severe corporal punish
ment has been ordered abolished by
the war department.
The purpose of the "Letters-From
Home week" is to apply the "home
touch" to a broad-gauged military pro
gram for maintaining the morale of
the men who find themselves idle af
ter weeks of strenuous fighting. The
war department hopes; through these
letters, to keep the men contented,
"straight" and ambitious to live up
to the high ideals of American man
permission has been granted - the
coffee exchanges to reopen wmever
iney aesire. However, the food ml
tolnlstration will continue its control
The United States government la
still standing aloof from the contro
versy in Europe over the possible ex
tradition of the former German em
peror for trial.
Crown Prince Frederick Wilhelm
has renounced his right to the Ger
man throne. This information comes
by way of Switzerland and is sent
out by the Wolff news bureau.
Secretary Baker has informed the
house appropriations committee that
the war department's disbursements
to date in the United States total
$9,159,000,000, and those in Franco
Appointment or a European com
mission representative of American
business to go tb France and be avail
able for any aid it might be able to
give the peace delegates from the
United States in considering economic
problems that might enter into the
peace negotiations, has been decided
upon by the reconstruction congress of
the industrial war service committees.
This action was taken at the closing
session in Atlatnic City, N. J.
Britain will demand from Germany
forty billion dollars for Great Brit
ain and her dominions and reparation
for the war, according to the London
An appeal to the workers of the
country not to engage in a nation
wide strike as a protest in the case'
of Thomas J. Mooney, convicted of
murder in connection with the prepar- i
edness day bomb explosion in San 1
Francisco, has been issued by Secre
tary of Labor Wilson.
The army program of eighty divi
sions in France by June 80, 1918, was
embarked upon with complete confi
dence that Germany could and would
be defeated during 1919 if the project
was carried out, General March, chief
of staff, declares in his annual report
to Secretary Baker, made public in
Washington. That conviction was
based on a comprehensive study of the
whole, war situation ordered by Gen
eral March immediately after he as
sumed his duties at the head of the
army last March;
The British foreign minister, Bal
four, says a League of Nations is. a
necessity, but United States Senator
Borah say that if the United States
knows what is best for her she will
steer clear of entangling alliances.
The peace congress will begin early
in January.' "The final action is expect
ed to be taken in May.1
Secretary Baker lias informed the
senate finance' committee that through'
contract cancellation the war depart'
ment expects to save approximately
$7.250.000.000 -of the $24,281,000,000
voted by conifeia for th army dor
1 inc the war.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
With the cheers of thousands of
civilians and returning soldiers ring
ing In his ears. President Wilson sailed
away for Europe on December 4, on
his mission of world peace-making. As
the good ship George Washington
made Its way out of New York harbor
all the shore batteries and war vessels
Joined In the presidential salute and
off quarantine the steamship met its
conwy, the battleship Pennsylvania
and five destroyers. It was a pleasant
coincidence that the presidential party
met several transports thronged with
American troops Just sent home from
England and France.
Mr. Wilson, It was expected, would
land at Brest about December 12 and
proceed at once to Paris, where the
residence of Prince Murat has been
prepared for him. The other delegates
and most of the rest of the large' party
will be housed In the Hotel Crlllon.
The president Is assured of a warm
and even enthusi&Ulc welcome in
France, Great Britain and Italy. His
arrival In Europe will be scarcely less
welcome to the people of what were
the central empires. The governments
of those states, distracted and dishev
elled, look to Mr. Wilson to mollify
the entente powers and obtain for
them less rigorous peace terms than
the crimes of the Teutons have de
served. Whether he, will be able to
accomplish this, or even will attempt It,
remains to be seen. The president has
not taken Into his confidence the con
gress or the people of America, pos
sibly because he could not guess, prior
to conferences with the representatives
of the entente nations, how far he
might dare to go in the way of human
ltarianism. They are willing and eager
to confer with him on all matters and
doubtless will defer to his Judgment
in many things, but they have their
own very certain Ideas as to the treat
ment that should be accorded the Ger
man nation and people.
One of these ideas is that the ex-
kalser must be put on trial for murder
and, if found guilty the "If" might as
well be "when" must be adequately
punished. The best legal authorities
of England and France agree that Wil
liam can be extradited from Holland,
and there Is no doubt that in any
event enough pressure could be
brought to induce the Dutch to give
him up. From the beginning of the
war the English and French have de
termined that William should ultimate
ly be brought to Justice personally,
and there Is ample reason for the de
pression from which the deposed ruler
is said to be suffering at Ameroneen.
The former crown prince, who, by the
way, says he has not yet renounced
his rights to the throne, may also be
put on trial. He, In his Dutch retreat,
has been telling how he and his father
were forced into all their outrageous
actions by the military clique and
Bethmann-Holweg. He also tri in
I shift to others the blame for the ter-
rinc defeats his army sustained.
Another fixed intMnn
, tente powers Is to compel irmaifiMtto
pay to trte limit of her capacity? Her
ability to make financial reparation for
the damage her armies have done is
undoubted. The measures to be adont.
L ed by the allies are yet unsettled. Ger
many s state-owned mineral, coal and
potash deposits and railways alone are
worth vastly more than the claims of
the allies will amount to, .and It is not
unlikely that those will be seized. In
money the country la almost as rich
M It was before the war.
This question of reparation brings
up the matter of a commercial boycott..
Many authorities assert that the only
way Germany can pay will be by ob
taining raw materials from the coun
tries she has been fighting and selling
her products In their markets. Very
likely the peace conference will declare
against the boycott Idea, but It will
not be so easy to persuade the peoples
of the allied nations to buy German
made goods. Most of them would pre
fer to see Germany reduced to the po
sition she has earned for herself, to
have such money as can be taken from
her, and to let the rest of the financial
reparation go by the board. Austria,
too, is making the loud wall for raw
materials and markets. Dr. Franz
Klein, who will represent at the peace
conference the so-called Austrian re
public, provided he Is admitted, Is re
lying especially on America to be
"fair" and to solve the troubles of the
late empire so that all the republics
can live In peace and prosperity. Some
Conditions In Germany are almost
as uncertain as In Russia after the
fall of Kerensky. Just who or what
comprises the government It is hard to
say. Premier Ebert and his moderate
socialist colleagues are still the nomi
nal rulers of Prussia, but Dr. Karl
Llebknecht and his Spartacus group
of socialists the German equivalent
of the bolshevlkl are vigorously
fighting to get the upper hand. They
are especlaly strong in Berlin, which
Is In a state of great disorder. It Is
reported that Llebknecht has 15,000
men well armed and is planning a ter
rorist revolution. He reviles Ebert for
asking food from America, for, since
this Is conditioned on the maintenance
of order, It Is "yielding to a capitalist
effort to beat bolshevik alms." Lleb
knecht's organ, the Red Flag, demands
the dismissal of officers and the
choosing by soldiers of their leaders ;
the Immediate arming of the revolu
tionary workmen and the disarming of
all other organizations ; the destruc
tion of capitalism, the annulment of
war loans and the socialization of all
The soldiers' and workmen's coun
cils of Germany have demanded that
the ex-kalser be tried by a German
tribunal, which would probably be
the best he could hope for.
In many parts of Germany there Is
6wift reaction against the bolshevik
movement, and it threatens to grow
Into a counter-revolution, with the pos
sible restoration of the monarchy.
This Is fostered by many officers and
supported by certain units of the
army. That it will go far seems quite
unlikely. The soldiers and workmen
generally, however, seem disposed to
support the Ebert government rather
than the Spartacus group.
The leaders of the Bavarian repub
lic have Induced the Berllners to de
mand the resignation of Doctor Solf,
whose retention as foreign secretary
has been one of the puzzles to outsid
ers, an to exclude Mathlas Erzberger
from the peace negotiations.
The late leaders of Germany and
Austria are quarreling among them
selves concerning who was responsible
for starting the war, and the present
leaders are demanding that this ques
tion be settled by an inquiry and the
guilty ones punished. How much
chance there is of a fair investigation
is revealed by the fact, Just brought to
light, that the German foreign office
burned all the documents in the ar
chives that might place the responsibil
ity for the war on the German govern
ment. It Is interesting tp note that
Doctor Solf has proposed that a neu
tral commission inquire into' the ori
gin of the war.
The allied armies of occupation con
tinue their march into German terri
tory and are meeting with no resist
ance and little trouble of any kind.
The .Germans aae not keeping up ' to
schedule in complying with the armis
tice terms, but say this Is Impossible
in some instances. For Instance, ther
cannot gather the required number of
locometives, and thfe airplanes called
fur are being given lkp where, they are
Instead of being collected and surren
dered in a bunch. The last of the Hun
submarines have been turned over to
the allied fleet and the Germany navy
whose personnel wm denounced bj
Admiral Beatty as beneath contempt,
is now no more.
General Dickman's American army
has Its headquarters at Treves, and
from It reports come that flatly con
tradict the idea that the Germans are
short of food and clothing. The peo
ple in the occupied districts are studi
ously Indifferent to the Invaders or
openly eager to keep up their trade.
The French and British have been
moving forward in their zones with
Among the loot already recovered
from the Germans is the '$60,000,000
taken from the Russian treasury. The
Huns also have returned a rich art
r collection that was stolen from St
Quentin, and other paintings taken
The all-Russian government at Omsk
appears to be gaining In stability, but
the bolshevlkl have not let up In their
trouble-making. An Irruption of Reds
Into Esthonla has alarmed the govern
ment there, murdering, burning and
plundering being unhindered. Livo
nia also has been invaded by them.
A call for help by sea was sent out,
and a few days ago a British fleet ar
rived at Llbau. The vessels probably
will proceed o Revel and land men to
stop the slaughter. The bolshevik au
thorities in western Russia have turn
ed back 1,500,000 Russian soldiers who
have been prisoners In Germany, and
It was reported that the men had seiz
ed four ships at Danzig which the
British Red Cross had obtained from
Germany for the housing of prisoners.
The Ukrainians and the Poles de
cline to stop fighting. They are chas
ing each other back and forth In terri
tory which both claim, and It Is diffi
cult to say which has the advantage.
Recently the Poles occupied Brest
Lltovsk, the town where Germany ne
gotiated the peace treaties with Rus
sia and the Ukraine.
Before President Wilson left the
country he delivered his address to
congress reassembled for the short
session. He paid glowing tribute to
the forces of America, military and
civilian, which helped win the war, and
said he was going across to Interpret
his Ideas of world peace because he
considered that was his bounden duty.
But he did not give any specific infor
mation as to his plans, nor did he so
much as mention his colleagues on the
peace delegation. In dealing with do
mestic matters, the president said he
was convinced it would be wrong to
turn the railroads back to private own
ership under present conditions, but
that unless congress solved the ques
tion In the near future he would relin
quish the roads. Other matters that
he asked congress to act upon quickly
were the revenue bill, the navy build
ing plan and woman suffrage. Secre
tary Daniels' plan for the navy is for
steady and rapid increase of the fleet
for which he asks about $434,000,000.
The estimates submitted to congress
by Secretary Baker provide for a regu
lar army of approximately 500,000, but
certain items are Included that leave
the question of the strength of the
army open until after the conclusion
The American troops already are
coming back from Europe, the first to
arrive, except for the wounded, being
the aviation units that were training
As was expected, the president ap
pointed Congressman Carter Glass of
Virginia to succeed Mr. McAdoo as.
secretary of the treasury. He has been
chairman of the house committee on
banking and currency and his selection
for the cabinet position meets with
While the rest of the world Is tun
ing to the ways of peace, Chile and
Peru are preparing far war. The an
dent; quarrel over the provinces of
Tacna and Arica has been revived, th
people have been insulting and provok
ing each other and the situation is crit
ical. The armies of the two countries
have been ordered to mobilize, atid
unless wiser 'Counsels prevail hostili
ties will ffoilewv before long. The
United States has no intention of In- '
tervenlng in the squabble, but ft numi
her of our warships have been dis
patched to Valparaiso
I lean Interests.
WORK ON SEA n,w
...... A' BTHna,.
U INTERNA. tiai, .
U. S. Committed uSef T.
to the BuilHi 5
UdUl achievements 0f t- 'M
m ire war. Secrpt
upies. in his annual ZlM
nt recommenda-inn , M
naval expansion to ffiee ,k ConM
cf peace for national and
- v 1 1 uw ...
work on the sea
Through nearly all of Ui
o.5e& uie secrets rv "
phrases of the naw ... . ln M
f the doing of th;T: lntt
iu tne miehtv
transporting 2,000,000 mlT?
VUw V.11V, 1 W . I I Q TV . 1 v I
:h.p thresh eDem7S:a
devotes a errand k.. ' 'ktl
- cuapter m , I
rine brigade, whi.s ...
knows blocked th w dJ6!
ranee on Paris, and Tt M
man retreat that ended with S ?
Inasmuch as the United States
rile richest of the great nation 1
has suffered in ' m
the allied powers, it will h..1?C
this country to make a contrib
to the navy to preserve the peZ
the world commensurate wl.v
wealth, its commerce its .;.. ."!
expanding merchant marin J
ubuip m me council of free m
nlft Tf ia tbnmt ... ,
. ."cioic, our auty n0T
, w ciilci upon any aei
and ambitious naval program, b a
go forward steadilv unon the u, '..
naval increase to which the
committed itself bv the adonfi
years ago of the first far-,
constructive naval program in the his
tory or the republic.
"I have recommended to this Cot
gress the adoption of another three
year program substantially like tia
one auinonzfiQ in isio.
Mr. Daniels shows that the n
$600,000,000. three-vear buildine m'
0 f i
cram he has nroDosed will nrovidp i
additional naval ships, 10 of to
dreadnaughts and six battlecruisea
and the others to be in such distribu
tion of approved types as the depart
ment may deem best.
CLEMENCEAU MAY BE LEADER
OF FRENCH PEACE COMMISSION
Paris. Premier Clemenmu may
act as president of the French dele
gation to the peace conference. It is
reported that the presence of Presi
dent Wilson, as head of the America
delegation, has led to this decision oa
the part of the French premier. It i
said that he may select as his collabo
rators, Captain Andre Tardieu. head
of the general commission for France
American war matters, and high coi
missioner to the United States; Jul
Cambon, general secretary to the m
istry of foreign affairs and former &a
bassador to tie United States, Mar
shal Foch and the French mmisten
of the navy and labor, Georges W
gues and M. ColHard, respectively.
TOO QUICK EXPANSION WILL
PROVE HAZARDOUS TO BANK
Washington.-ln cautioning W
against seeking great business ex
skm and profit making '07
war, the federal service boara.
these activities "must for some n
to come be subordinated to tw
eral welfare. "Some banks e .
ment said, recently had draw
heavily on the reserve banks ; io
counts to cover promotion or u
expansion which really were
sential to the communis
' . . .,. i9ns. W1
Conservation of tan
restriction to neces u urce
Wl " .mrses.
L1"u" w . L.nnir resold
must continue, the board dec
NINE FRENCH PR'fft'
SHOT IN PRUSSIAN
Paris. Nine French Pfot
nhot by the Germans, ana
prisoners seriously woundea
prison camp in ngen6fhlador at
Baxony, the Spanish am q
Berln reports. The
prisoners did not m the ic3
the severity of this act of
It was decided. t s ia1
The French governm eni .
cated, is resolved to a
tion for this act of tne
BATTALION OF AMEBjCAtZ
INFANTRY GO TO
battalion of the TW T
left Treves by train for .
premtture occupation 0 aI1
due to the request of the
thorties, -who are ot
conditions after the
the German forces. . meri ctfj
.- This ie the first time ;f.or
have utilized railway t"
advance into the territory
the Germans hat W1