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VOL. XXIV NO. 48
TV,c FUNDAMENTAL ;- ' : 'V
r inning Scries of Articles on New
"turcs of Old Problem New
I eeislation Should Have Approval
of Those Who Want to Pay Ac
cording to Their Worth and no
fi'lore Some Changes as to Listing
This Year. V : -
(By A.J. Maxwell.).
The press of the State has a large
share of " responsibility for the
unanimity with which the recent Gen
eral Assembly passed one of the most
thoroughgoing-: revaluation acts ever
adopted in. any State. Its continuing
co-operation is essential to the-success
of the work undertaken. It .is
KV purpose to ask publication of a
short article once a week for several
weeks on some phase of the tax prob
lem, in as rnanv papers as will give
space to it, as well as to ask the con
tinued generous co-operation of ' the
press, on its own initiative in keeping
the matter before the. public and in
f?irly presenting the plans and pur
poses of this great undertaking, -Prop-orv
understood it should have the co
operation of every man who .wants to.
pay his equal snare uj. taxes ana no
more. Its success" depends upon the
co-operation of the public," and upon
its success- depends in large measure
the future progress of the State. '
North Carolina is more distinctly a
State, and less combination of one
hundred counties, since the recent
session of the General Assembly. It
broke new ground in many lines, but
all of its furrows lead td' the realiza
tion of a morecompact" State. In this
respect the recent session of the Gen-'
eral Assembly was epochal. In pub
lic schools, public health, public
roads and in taxation its .enactments
show more than a tendency in this
direction they practically establish
State systems. ..'.','; : - "
The Legislature came to Raleigh
"vith a full realization that a complete
revision of the tax system of the State
was the fundamental reform that
not alone the State agencies of help
fulness in all. lines were dependent
upon it, but that the counties, cities
and towns had reached the limit of
endurance and progress under he old
system and old methods.
' A complete new order of things
was demanded not only to relieve the
. unreasonabkr-and staadiliacrca5ia3
tax rates, which will reach a point of
$3.75 this year in one of the great
cities of the State, and to give a more
, equitable result as between individual
taxpayers by a more accurate .valua
tion of property, but it became a
necessarv prerequise . to the new
noliov of State-wide dealiner . with
other public questions. If equal
school facilities are to be - provided
by the State in all the counties of
the State, and if other great under
takings are to be handled in the same
way, the State must-of necessity see
to it that there is a uniform system
of taxation uniformly administered
in all-the counties of the State-. If
money is to be drawn by the State
from one country to maintain public
schools and build roads irr another,
as will be done under legislation
enacted at th?s session, the State can
not escape responsibility for requir
ing that the property in each county
shall be valued in the same way and
up to the same standard.
The Legislature also came to Ra
leigh with a full realization that an
accurate valuation of all the property
of the State was a large undertaking.
requiring not only adequate organiza
tion and means, but time in which to
make adecmate investigations. The
v.ill to do equity, without the means
is impotent. So its first definite con
clusion was that this work should not
be hurriedly done that it would no
undertake to have real estate rc
4'alued at all for use in the vear 1919
but that it would give all the time
possiDle for the prosecution of this
-worn by giving a. whole year more 01
time than has ever before been givn
inthis State to a revaluation of prop-1
srty. The machinery for this "re-j
valuation was enacted in a separate
iii. Subseqent articles will treat of
difitrtit sections and provisions of
this act. - V.
Ta? Listing for 1919
The usual form of Machinery act
was re-enacted with some important
amendments, f orthe regular listing
personal property this year. The
boards of County Commissioners -inv
tbe several counties will appoint, at
their regular meeting in April, town
E1lP.iist.takers for taking the lists of
Personal nroperty in the usual -way in
Jne months of May and Juner arrd will
uruK forward the old valuation of
real property. "
No More Listing Bank Stock
One important change, applicable
J? tin this year, does avay. with
Jne listing of shares of stock in banks
Dy the shareholders. The tax in each
case will hereafter be charged against
- dnK instead of the shareholder,
f nd paid by the bank. This has been
rale as to all incorporated com
panies other than hunV Rnnlfs'ftre
Permitted, as hertofore, to -deduct
"Jtarp hnnc. i 1 ' t n-t n
n , """ waueu Since lll now
6,urPlus, and' are now permitted to
aextent 0f 25 Per cent of capital
jnor to date of listing May .first
dril can fld,i4. r?ji fii..j u
.' issue of Victory '-Ronds to be
Sth m Apri1' if PaW -or by April
" income for Eight Month. Instead
hrL 7 ear 19 1 9 taxpayerswill
alaS list their income from
gs and fees for the eight montha'
-t. ' - 1 ' , r.-.i';--. .-: .?V-.-7.--.g' . .'-iji-i'ai;-,;;. ... -: : . " - 1 : - .' . :" '. ,, -7, . .. .'"
ftom.May 1, 1918, to -January 1,
1919, instead of for a full year. This'
change is. made for tViA
having the State Jncome tax'year con
form to the calendar year,, or to the
same period as that used by the Fed-
v.x uuvcjiiuiem, ana alter this vear
"JVU"' De rePrtea to the State
for the full calendar year. . A slight
is aiso maae m the exemp
tions, favorable to married-mpn n0
exemption is reduced for single men
from, ?1,?50 per year to $1,000, and
for married men or v widows and
widowers haying minor children the
exemption is. increased from $1,250
si,ouu. ror the year 1919r in
which the income reported is for
eight months, the exemntion ia rrn
rated accordingly and will be $666.66
ana $i,uuu, respectively. , y 1
Don't Forget to List Your Dog'
The taxlister in everv town shin in
the State this year will want to know
if-you own a dog; or if anv member of
your family owns a dog, and if you-
quin ine insinuation the tax will be
$1.00 for males and $2.00 for. female
dogs, which will goto the school fund
of. the county. .. , .'- .'-
These are the pnly material chaneres
respecting your tax list for this year.
a iitj next amcie win aeal with some
features of the revaluation act.
A COUNTY ASSESSOR
We are in receipt of a circular let-
tel from the chairman of the State
Tax Commission, calling ,our atten
tion to the act passed by the late
uenerai' .Assembly relating to assess
meht of property in North Carolina
In the letter, Mr. W. T. Lee says:
- "For many yearsi -it has been the
law that every persons property
should be assessed for taxation at its
full. , value m. money. Notwithstand
ing this law, nearly everybody in the
State has escaped a full valuation of
his property for taxes. The General
Assembly, just adjourned, has said
by passing the Revaluation Act. that
an end must, be made" of this condi
tion and that hereafter property must
be valued for taxes at its true value
It places the responsibility, upon our
commission to see 'that this is -done
and it must and shall be doneTl It
is the purpose of the General Assem
bly upoh a proper valuation being
made, to lower the "tax rate, arid it
will meec- alter "tne propcnjrniiiZbe
assessed, for that purpose, so that the
burden upon the tax payers will not
necessarily be increased. This' is as
sured . to us as a commission and we
in turn desire to assure the tax pay
ers of the State that a. full valua
tion of their, property will not mean
greatly increased amount of taxes.
The act under which this -assessment
is made provides, that the State, no
county or municipality, shall collect
in excess of ten per cent more taxes
after this revaluation is made than is
being collected in 1919 under the
"I will call upon the State-" to
assist the commission in the selection
of a splendid . business man . in each
county as county tax accessor. He
should be. a man of 'fine judgment,
good business ability having a good
knowledge of values both in towi and
country, and one in whom the public
has confidence as to his honesty and
integrity. "It is net a political office
but one of Strictly busines and we
trust oui political friends will under
stand this and "only suggest, the most
competent men. After the county
supervisor is selected by us, we trust
every tax payer in each and every
county of the ; State will fully co
operate with him to the end that he
will be able to assess each person's
property at its true value in. money.
v MEMORIAL, SERVICES .
In memory of Levi Butler and Wal
lace Lankford, Tryons two brave
young fellows w"ho gaVe up their life,
; Jam nf ' Arntzrim and hfT tradl-
jons and ideals, memorial services
aiA in i th hool house iaudi-
W ft I a ft I 11V jl a w w-
fftrinm: irvon. OUimay- Biiciuwuu.
1919. at 3:30.. The meeting
will be.predded 'oyer by Mafyor Mis-
sildifie. . in; oruer to give -tiie v iew
ing the official character it so ricniy
deserves, the entire City" Commission
will be expected: to attend ,m a body,
and- occupy seats- on the. platform.
After the inside program is finished
the crowd, .wilt retire to the; school
grounds, where, two oaK trees , wm u
planted iff-memory of the - two boys.
TV. Rov Scouts willTiave charge of
nA til an tin.the trees, and
the care' of the trees wm ue v1 ,
over:, to the '-Scouts and to tne scnooi
children. - - . ; ,
Both the fallen iaas were
., -jf xt; "P -.-r Cmitc , hCOUt
members oi me v, . -----Master
A.1 L. Hill will attend to the
Scouts" part. 'of the program, fol
lowing is the full, program : -,
Prayer, led by Rev
Makepeace. Song. -.'J "
A J J U XaT K ' N
F. : Barrows"
Song Lead Kindly Light, solo by
Mr. WeigeU, . ' ; , w w"
Address to the Boy Scouts, vv. r.
pnetkr Spangle Banner. '
; vmir children:: and
eveniww. fcmJl"n - Jnd bV those.who
membered in Tryoi, anu oy.yiy yj
attend.,', . -
IV is i .safe betto : say thatl.
William Jennings ; A.
I a . . 4 . .ill ' .1 A HI a . " i
at' his ASheville home.;
Thq box supper, -at Silver Creek,'
March 22nd. was - a crreat ; success.
The cake-: and "boxes sold for $97.15,
which amount will be used for; the
benefit of the school 'house. "
Miss Mary Ann Bradley .was . tke
guest . of -Miss Charity Williams; Sat
urday ' night. ' , ;?kr; .- -I ;;. r-: . T";
Miss Ollie Townsend and Miss Vel-
ma Constant were guests' of Miss
Grace Arledge, last Sunday. 4
Mr. and Mrs. Will Green spent the
week-end with Mr. and Mrs. J. B.
Arledge. ' , ', . L r
Mr. J. R. Sams spent Tuesday nicht 1
at the home of 11. Jt Arledge.
rrivate John Jack,son, who has
been in camp in Wisconsin, has re
ceived his discharge, and is now home.
vlrs. Mandy Half ord is visiting
relatives near Spartanburg, S: C. ,
TRYON ROUTE 1
Many" - on the route enjoyed the
entertainment given by Miss Bertha
Dalton, at Mill Spring, -Saturday eve
ning; . . -V - . " ' .
The near neighboring people - of
Fox Mountain school house have or
ganized V Sunday sch'Qolto . be. Held
there 'on Sunday afternoons. ' ' 4 '
We were glad td have Rev. J. W.
Barber preach for ,us again.
Mrs. M. Hall and Mrs. S. B.
Edwards were pleasant callers on the
route, Monday. t i.. v.
AYe . are sorry to lose so good a
f riehd and ; Sunday school teacher as
Mrs. 'Mamie (Eades. .Mitchell) Noblet,
but sincerely congratulate her upon
thfe desirable change,- and ardently
desire to see her surrounded .with
all the blessings of life. . , i T' ,
Rev, E. L. Shelton dined with Mrsv
S. B. Edwards, Monday. , ?
There is some road; work being
done on Route. l. -Jt's.no April fool.
'-. o -. .r?',;v:
Oh you beautiful peach blooms, the
cold wind was hard on you. ' -
. The-farmer can plough his land
now, it's good and dry.
Now, Mr. Fire- Warden, look out
for spring forest fires. ' C
Bed time comes one hoii) . sooner
than it did last week,
Last Tuesday was OUR day
it s ctld in these parts these days?
Must be snow up north, and. these
cold north winds must remind the
Tryon tourists of "Home Sweet
Home." -i V.V H" .
- We. are glad to see the name of G.
H. .Holmes, of Tryon, mentioned for
one of the -Polk County Road Com
missioners. We believe; with his
knowledge . of, civil engineering and
road building, he , would make the
county a useful and efficient man.
It's to be hoped the County Com
missioners will give " his name full
, consideration when they make the ap
. or- : K
Mr. L. D.. Bridges and . Miss Nettie
Lou W elburn were married Friday,
March 28. .
Messrs. Sam Wilkins and Reuben
Collins yhave returned from Akron,
Rev. R. N. Hunter and little son
have gone to Mr.- Hunter's father,
near Charlotte, 'to" recuperate, after
their severe illness.' ,
There has been a new outbreak of
flu in Preens. -Creek neighborhood,,
directly tracable to. a box supper re
cently jriven at the school building.
Mr. T. C. Cox spent the week-end
with Miss Maude Cox, ' at Green
River plantation. : ; -
Mr. Lewis F. Camp has returned
to his home after several .weeks
spent in Athens j Tenn. : v 4 .
Rev. J. H. Griffith will hold services
a! the Cox school house, on Sunday,
Aprirl G, at 4 p. ra. V
. Mrs. Cox, who so efficiently nursed
Mr.' Hunter's family through their
Serious illness, has returned to her
home in Spartanburg. -
Mrs. Willie Haynes visited Mrs
N. Burnett, Sunday :.:
Misses Grace and Lola Gibbs visit
ed Misses Thurcy and Bessie Burnett,
Saturday. t - -; ,
Mr. Badge -Haynes was a caller at
Mr. U. S. Gibbs,' Wednesday; after
noon; .,': ' ' '
Mr. arid ' Mrs. Barney , Wilson and
little daughter, Edna, . of Great
Falls, S:; C, visited the, latter's par
ents, Mr. 'and Mrs: Whit Wilson, last
week, -returning Monday. :
Mr. M. N. Burnett and some of the
young' neople motore'd - .to Chimney
Rock, Sunday. -x. - ;- i
Mr. Oscar 'Shytiles, of Chimney
Rock, has been released from . the
arm v, and is now home. - ? i
Mr, Tolbert Odel was a caller at
Mr. M. N.. Burnett's, Sunday
Mrs.. Lee. Wilson was the guest of
her mother, .Mrs: Bettie Hayn.es,. last
, Glad to note that Mrs.; P. D. Wil
liams, who has been very ill for the
past' week; is now better. 2: ; i - ;
Mrs. Will Corn visited her mother,
Mrs, Ellen- Searcy, last" Sunday. 1 .
Mr. ana jyirs. u. o uioos-yisii-eu
Mr. and 'Mrs. P. D. Williams, ; last
Sunday.- . - ; ;;
Mrs. U.-S. Gibbs visited her mother,
:s. ' N. vLynch; last. Saturday.;; ' 1
Taken all in all,, it's a very good
jneasure,,sand wjp may expect to see
some very material improvements .in
o,.il, -county.: rpaas unaer tne , supngr
vision the nev board.
-IMess ,:Deniiisind, Jipse . Jackson
wenfcftp? Landrumla9tj week; : on a
business : trip; -vp -"';-k . . ,
: Mrs;- ,B i - Mc Graw is ver y 111 with
f neuralgia,:;: ;-: fr ; ; v -y
tniarwfjting -'and Dr. Waldon "has been
cledK-'y rC1'-' ':-;-r;-;
- " The people of -Mountain - View
organized a Sunday school, last Sun
day;. We hope to : have, a good Sun
day school. ' : : - v . '
: Mr. .Mack Skipper, of Rutherf ord-toh,-
was in this section, . Saturday and
Sunday. t '.
; FISHTOP ;'
T. W. Bradley saijg for the Mount
Lebanon church,' Sunday.
'John Pace returned . home for a
while; from the Merchant Marine, a
few days ago. v x ; -
?: Ay.'crazy man passed through this
sectianflastt week. There should be
a place provided for every crazy man,
and he should be kept in that place.
A -"Northern" as a Texan would
call it,; visited us Thursday, but not
like it was reported in the . north
jvest, where a four-foot snow was re
ported;: - .-'i1.' -;:r ,
Mr. Editor, you made me say 100
acres, last . week,. when it should have
oeen ,1,000. One hundred wpuld, be
very, small .when compared to jL,Ui)U.
: .Brother Lynn, we know nothing' of
tne railroad survey more than we
have-..seen where it crossed the Cove
Mountain road, - but- do not consider
that survey . the Jinal one, as we ex
pect, thera to make several before
they decide where they will start from
and where they will end.' This is
what the"-Western North .Carolina
Times-says about it : . :
'A plan to make an iamendment pn
thleV'? Southern's . line of- railway
through rPplk county . is now being
seriously, considered . it. is sid."- The
planif .Ciiried into effect, would place
the; roadT further east, and' bring it
nearer; Columbus, and east 4 of Tryon
mountain." so as', to .eliminate the
Saluda mountain grade. Surveys for
the new route 'are now' being made."
? ..One man is so enthused over it who
has ' about 200 acres, mostly . timber
latds, has had a .calculation made by
one who considers himself authority
f oi. everything;, and finds that he will
-5,00rv6Ter": and above expenses
for what he offered to take $600.0,
before the railroad talk arose. -
;' , , 6 .
EXAMINATION FOR POST
MASTER There will be" a civil service exami
nation; for, postmaster at Mill Springr
on, April 12th. AH applicants must
have reached-the legal age and re'
Side in the "territory supplied by that
Mill Spring postoffice earned $337
last year. ; If , you want to know all
about the1 requirements just address
the United States Civil Service Com
mission, at Washington, 4D. C, and
necessary blanks and instructions will
be sent ybu. '
.' ( - -o t- r ,
NOTICE OF ELECTION ;
TO THE QUALIFIED- -VOTERS,
TRYON GRADED SCHOOL .DIS
TRICT: .' . ....
Pursuant to an act passed by. the
General Assembly of North Carolina,
session 1919; notice is hereby given
that an' election will be held in said
Tryori Graded School District, at the
polling place in said School District,
on Tuesday, May 6, 1919, at. which
election- will be' submitted to the
Qualified voters of said school district,
the question df levying a special tax,
m addition to the tax heretotore
authorized, not tp exceed fifty cents
on every one hundred . dollars worth
ot taxable property ana a aoaar au
fifty cents on each taxable poll, for
the purpose of supplementing the
school funds of said school; district
and to create a sinking fund to pay
the interest on and to retire the
bonds of said school district, now out
standing at maturity and to use the
d tax for the 'main
tenance of the schools of said Graded
School District.- . - '
Further, in .DUrsuance to said act,
nassed 'by 'the General Assembly of
North Carolina, session 1919, ratified
March 10, 1919, and entitled an act
to amend and supplement chapter
one hundred and one of the private
laws, of one thousand nine hundred
and three, relating to Tryon . trraaea
School District, it is further enactea
that at said election to be held in said
school district, May 6, 1919,- there be
submitted to the quaiinea voters oi
said school district, the question ot
electing three trustees for said
Graded School to serve tor. a term
of two years, "or, until their -successors
shall be chosen and qualify;
, Pursuant to the act of the General
Assembly of North Carolina, as above
outlined, and, at a meeting, of the
Tryon" Graded School Commissioners,
held in the- ornce oi its cnainnan,
Geo: A. Gash, on Tuesday, April 1,
1919, at 3 o'clock p. m., there being
present 1 a majority of the members
of the said Board of School Commis
sioners, it was voted upon and order
ed by said SchoorCommissioners that
the above notice, of election be pub
lished in the - Folk; County News;
paper of? general circulation in said
Schoor iiistrict for four successive
weekSV "3T - ' '. - ;
Done'lby order of the Board of
School Commissioners of said Tryon
Graded School District,: this. April 1,
, Try on Graded "School Commissioners,
-By Geo. r. Gash,
I Chairman "of Board. ' -
Rev. H. Norwood Bovime, of Bilt
rnore, spent'Tuesday in ; bur city.
' Miss Josephine Nelson, of Kershaw,
S. C, is the guest I of ' Mrs. E, J.
Jones. '-r-.'-':-: v ..
Mr. and Mrs. U. G. Speed left
Tuesday afternoon for a short visit
to New York. I .
Mrs: and Miss Bradford,, of Wis-
consin,-are spending a few weeks in
Tryon and are guests of Mrs. C. J.
Reich. ; - ; :
Sunday' school at the Tryon Bap
tist ; church , Sunday at 10 o'clock ;
preaching, at 11 o'clock, by Rev. Mr.
Pratt. ;; -. ' r - - C':'--;;:.C;'' ;:
Mr. and Mrs. Edward ;N. Frost, of
Blilwaukee, were "callers at the NEWS
office: Tuesday and the NEWS will
be a regular .visitor at their Wiscon
sin home for the next year...-.
. Monday, April 14, the Boy Scouts
of America, Troupe N6. 1, of Tryon,
will plant -a tree in Columbus; in
memory of our late President Theo
dore - Roosevelt, More will be said
about this next week. v -Everybodv in
vited to the service. ; , ; t
Mr. Grady Flynn, of Greens Creek!
township, accompanied by his -sister
and her little daughter, were callers
at the NEWS oce ; Tuesday. Mr.
Flynn. saV" service in? the United
States army on the i, other side, but
arriving in r ranee-. Dut two aays be
fore the singing of the peace armis
tice he did not get to the front;
There seems to - be some trouble
in securing : a chairman for Polk
county for the , coming Victory .Loan
drive. ; Already, some five or six dif
ferent persons have been proffered
and refused the honor. "" It is to be
hoped that some one will accept the
pusiuuii aim uo au in xneir.-power.to
put Polk county over again. We
have come up . so well in all past
loans that it- would not look very
well fot us-to. fall 'down on this one.
Hon W. 'F. Swann was attending
to business matters in Spartanburg
Tuesday. . '
Mrs; E. G. Holderi is ; the proud
possessor of "Ye olden time", door
knocker.- It was brought to her by
Mrs. B. F. Cdpeland, from New
Orleans. It was taken from the old
St. Louis hotel Vhen tljat building was
demolished about three; . years aero
This hjptel vasvohe of the old historic
landmarks of New Orleans. -: Situated
in the old French quarters, or "down
town district" as it is .better .known
in New Orleans.' For many years it
was the leading hotel of the Crescent
city, and- has entertained not only
many of the royalties oi Europe, but
Presidents, Governors and leading
citizens of the United States. It was
here , that ; the slaves were- sold in
befo' de wah days," and-the old
auction,, or slave; block still : -stood
when the building was" torn. down.
It 'was also in -this building that the
famous "rump" legislature, .as it was
known, met and held forth for several
weeks,' during the early s seventies
when . carpet bag rule' had Louisiana.
It was. indeed, a buildinar - rich in
memories,'nd it was with regret that
the older people of New Orleans wit
nessed its destruction.
NEXT EFFORT WILL BE AT LYNN
Monday, March 17th, was the day
appointed to organize the farmers- of
Tyron township for. closer j business
relations, ? and to aid. the other town
ships in; a f orwam movement for the
building up of . Polk county in every
way. My disappointment; was; great
when so few met. Yes, so few that
we only had Some discussions and did
not attempt an organization. v I fear
the town, and country people of
Tryon township have failed to - under
stand our present movement. .We are
trying to organize all the - people of
various communities so that they may
oetter understand each others needs,
and better know how to assist each
other in providing for such needs.
I take it for granted that the coun
try people' have their farms in as good
condition as they desire, ahd have no
needs; that their farms are producing
bring them prices so - high- that roads
all they desire, and that their markets
are as good to haul their " lumber,
cross ties, etc., as they desire."
And I suppose ( ? )' the business
men of. Tryon have, all the business
they desire withm jtheir own limits,
and that'they are supplied at all times
with fresh vegetables, meats, poultry
and eggs of ; their own raising with
out the aid of the outside worlds 1
know that - it was through' no. dis
respect for me that the, meeting was
so snarsley attended; because I have
never received anything but the kind
est and most favorable , treatment
from the men and women of Tryon
I still think, just as f I did beforethe
meeting,, tnat there should ; pe , an
organization of the people of. the
township as well as of the town alone.
f A town ; cannot exist on hot air
alone. Hot air is a good thing in its
place ; but it must ; come in contact
with the. earth and moisture to 1 pro
duce any valuable results; ;- The town
people and "country people" are de
pendent on 'each other for. the best
success, ana tney - snouiq ; recognize
this fact and learrf to work .to'gether.
They canot work together -"without
organization, because rcorOperation
simply means womng together.
Since it appears that?Tryon and the
farmers of the township regard co
operation as beihg undesirable,'! will
try the -little - town o lynn and'-'se
what . ciartr.be. done there.; I. will-say;
in this connection that 1 win makeanr
effort to meetthe people of the . town'
- f V
$2.00 A YEAR
OUR NEW ROAD -LAW
' Hons. E. B.. Cloud and- W. P.
Swann succeeded- in having passed by
the last legislature a new road'' law
for Polk- county. . . There are some
very-good features m the law, and a -good
many changes from the now ex
isting law. The new law takes, from1 -the
magistrates the power of appoint
ing the road trustees, and instead we
will have a county board Of three
commissioners, two of whom, Mr. -Edgar
B. Lancaster and Mr. J. H. v
Gibbs, were made members ; in the
bill. The third member will be ap
pointed by the commissioners at their -meeting
; next Monday. . .The latter
member .will serve' for four "years ;
the first;two for two years. - ;
After the selection of the third
member the body will meet, and elect ;
a chairman and secretary,' also a .
treasurer. The chairman and secre
tary must be members oi the board. J;
The treasurer.mays be- either a mem- T
ber of the board, or any bank , or
banks in the county. This will de-.
pend upon what rate of interest the
bank or banks will offer for the road
funds. The meetings of 'the board .
i shall bev the first Saturday i. in? i April
and - August, bpecial meetings may
De neia any time aeemea . pecessary
by the board. The board ivill have .
absolute authority over the -building
and repairing of all roads arid
bridges" in the county, the board, may -
employ one or more persons in each
township' for the more systematic
working 'of roads ; if thought . advis- -
able ;. also may employ a superintend
ent, to have general supervision over -
all road or bridge construction. They
may also divide the county 1 into suit- (
able road districts; each year.;-the
board shall distribute ' the work Y arid
improvement and construction of the
roads as equitably as practicable," in
all townships of the county, having
due regard to the road tax. collected'
in. each township,; but shall have the '
right to create a special .fund If torn
those ' of two or more townships for .
use in building, altering or.repairing
main ieaamg, roaas in xne county max
would be more beneficial to ' the x
residents of ' said townships ' than if
expended in their immediate locality., 1
Ihe members of the board : shall .
receive for their services threedollars -.
per day for the : time ; actually arid' -
of - their duties, and live cents per
mile for necessary traveL The board
shallsaeet: itihTfizutfIoiidayrini ,
June, or sucn joiner time-oi; tne year
as may be nxedi-for levying of . taxes.
It shall be the duty of the county
commissioners to levy a tax in accord- -ance
with such recommendatiori?''ri6t v
exceeding . thirty cents on the Abnev -
hundred dollars valtiation of property,
and ' ninety cents on the poll, for '
roads, and twenty-five cents on the
one hundred dollars valuation of -
property and seventy-five cents on
the, poll for bridges but may in .
their discretion levy not exceedirig .
fifty cents on the one hundred dollars '
valuation of property, and orie' dollar
and fifty cents on the poll for roads. ,
The new law also provides for the
creating, of a county "chain --gang." .
All roads shall- be. forty feet in width
wherever possible; in opening new . -
roads, no grade, shall be used ex- '
ceedmg six per cent, unless 7 by trie .
express order of the board. - A ? sink '
ing fund is - provided for; a method ;:
of condemnation : for right of way,
drainage, etc;- '-; :v "yrr j.
All persons between . twenty-one'.'
and ; forty-five are subject to road -duty
; four days each year, or a -cash V
payment of three dollars in lieu of
the four days ; shall constitute -the .
full payment ; or the board raay "
eliminate the four days, and require "the .
cash payment of three dollars. '
One good provision is in repumng the -
service of a surveyor or civil engineer in
re-locating and widening roads now in -use,
or conshucting ... new ? roads, All
persons shalkpass each other to the right;
the "snaking" of lo'gs on ' the public
roads is prohibited.. - v
of Lyriri and the farmers of the sur
rounding country arid see what can
be done relative to; an organization
for, town and community .betterment.
You covered yourself with glory in
unanimously voting a special tax to
improve your- school. This is co-Kp- ;
eration of the highest type. -
J. K. SAMS,
THE COMMUNITY CLUB
. ADOPTS LETTERHEAD .
The Community Club of the Sea-
board High .School in Northhampton -
county Jias lately decided to adopt 'a :
uniform letterhead for the' use of the
members. It . will be .recalled i that ;
this club' is at present, marketing ggs;v
by parcel post on the Norfolk market, .
ana is estaDiisnmg a reputation ior - -fresh,-
clean, well ; graded eggs of
go.od quality. . s" ."'.
In transacting their business, 'the
members of this club have had printed ;
a supply letterhead paper such as will .
give them recognition in the business '
world. This stationery '"carries the
name. of Spurgeon . Rose, president of
the club ; Gordon -Maddrey, yice-pres- .
ident, and Lloyd v Garris, business
manager: . It has the. r llogan, Let'- ,
the club boys andrl aupply ' your '
wants,"? and statfes that, the 4 project
is co-operaUv. jarid that, .it calls , for . '
acarefui sudy among the students of
the; schooldln home. . and community K
problems. VAltdgether, the letterhead
is typical, of the - progres shown . by
thiscommiinityr and . it is - expected
thats.uch action; r will be v taken 'Vby
many , 01trie. other community clubs' -
which' are "at nresent heint onnLnir.
over North Carolina, v , . ,