BY CHARLES W. DANIEL
(For the N. C. Bar Association)
Segregation In Schools
The recent momentous decision of
the Supreme Court outlawing segre
gation of the races in the public
schools of this country has excited in
tense speculation about practical re
sults and will continue to do so—in
No man can say with any degree of
certainty when the actual transition to
mixed classes will begin, or, what
course it will take once it begins.
There are a few broad facts which
may be stated as definite now:
1. The five cases considered togeth
er by the Supreme Court, and to
which its decision was directed, dealt
with segregation in the public schools
only. The opinion by Chief Justice
Earl Warren and an unanimous court
did not purport to deal with segrega
tion outside the public schools. It
would seem to follow—although the
court in its 4,000-word opinion did not
specificaly say so—that other State
segregation laws, affecting segrega
tion in intra-State transportation and
the like remain unchanged. It should
be emphasized that the decision af
fects public schools—those operated
with State funds—only. It does not,
of course, affect private or denomina
A recent headline in a Durham pa
per, indicating that private schools
are also involved, was obviously in er
2. The 17 states now having segre
gation will be given a chance in ar
guments before the Supreme Court
after next October 1 to suggest means
and procedures for putting the new
rule into effect. Since the 1954-55
school year will have started even be
fore arguments begin, it is a strong
bet—as a practical matter—that no
actual transition to mixed classes will
take place in North Carolina during
the next school year, and perhaps, not
for some time after that.
3. Once the new plan is put into es- !
feet, it is doubtful that, anything ap- j
preaching a general mixing of the'
VWV jT VWVVVW •
Drive America's Big Value Pickup Buy!
tfe&J INTERNATIONAL ®G3B COTo©Efi[D
Here’s the pickup truck news of the
year the pickup that gives you everything
for rugged truck work, plus a whole new idea
of pickup truck performance! All-new high
compression engine —brand new finger-tip
shifting transmission with overdrive optional.
Plus famous insulated Comfo-Vision cab
easiest steering ever biggest effective brake
area in the lowest-priced field! Priced to save
you money. Built to work for years at lowest
cost. Come in and take a demonstration
I drive. We’ll let the ONE HUNDRED speak
Your trade-in may cover the down payment. Ask about our convenient terms.
Byrum Implement & Truck Company
EDENTON, NORTH CAROLINA
II ill TRUCKS ■
■ , < r Standard o f tnc Highway
■ - ». •* . AJ 7
WHAT MAKES YOU THINK THERE’S
A MIND READER BEHIND YOU?
, If the fellow driving the car behind yours is a mind reader, you’re safe
without making signals.
Unfortunately for you, less than one per cent of the population is made
up of the professional mind readers.
So you’d better assume that other drivers haven’t the slightest idea what
| you’re about to do—stop, slow down, turn left or turn right. A shocking |
number of all accidents are caused by slowing, stopping or turning without
proper signals. That’s why you can often prevent an accident the
proper signals—letting other drivers know, unmistakably, what you plan to do.
In North Carolina, the signal for slowing down or stopping is the left
hand out and straight down, moving from side to side to call attention to it,
A left turn is signalled by the left arm held out straight, a finger point
ing to the left. A right turn is signalled by holding the arm straight up, el
bow bent at right' angles. Or by the mechanical turn signals, if you have
In either case, your life is in your hands—or your hand signals.
Good reason to be sure your mechanical turn signals and stop lights are
working properly. If not —and if you’re relying on them without hand sig
nals you really need a mind reader behind you.
Signalling, remember, is more than just a courtesy—it’s a life-saving
rares in the classroom will occur in
the near future. This is true because
of the rule adopted by our State Board
of Education which says that children
must attend the school in the district
in which they live. A child may at
tend a school outside his own home
district only if the school heads of the
two districts involved in a proposed
transfer agree to the transfer, or. if
the transfer is allowed by the State
Board of Education. There seems to
he no sound reason why these rules of
the Education Board should be alter-j
ed as a result of the Court decision.
Since most white children live in the
close vicinity of the schools which they j
now attend, and the same is true of,
| Negro children, it appears, at least at j
| the outset, that first mixing of the
| races would he slight.
4. There is nothing in the Federal
! Constitution or in the Supreme Court’s j
THE CHOWAN HERALD, EDENTON, N. C„ THURSDAY, JUNE 10, 1954,
segregation ruling which says that a
State must operate public schools.
Our North Carolina Constitution—
which could be changed by amend
ment on vote of the people-—says, in
Article IX, Sec. 2 that the General
Assembly shall provide by taxation
“and otherwise” a uniform system of
public schools, "free” to children be
tween fi and 21, with separate but in
discriminate schools for whites and
The fact that “free” public schools
j are provided for both races, as well as
Indians, is a voluntary function in
State government. The fact that pub
jlie schools are provided at all is a vol-
I untary assumption of responsibility on
j the part of the State.
Approximately 1.000,000 white and
Negro students and teachers will he
j. affected by the decision in North Car-
The ONE HUNDRED it one of 11 INTERNA-
pickup models that are avalh
able with 6Vfc, 8 and 9-foot bodies and GVW
ratings from 4,200 to 8,600 pounds. What
ever your pickup truck requirements, there's
an INTERNATIONAL ideally suited to the job.
olina, once it is put into effect. In
the 1952-53 school year there were
652,622 white students (71 per cent)
in our public schools. There were
276,401 Negro pupils (29 per cent).
The white students had 20,885 teach
ers (62 per cent), the Negroes 8,031
teachers (38 per cent).
The meat of the historic court de
cision is found in the terse statement:
“Separate educational facilities are
inherently unequal.” Chief Justice
Warren, in the choice of those words,
meant simply that no matter how
equal the educational facilities, if they
were kept separate, then, the quality
of the educational opportunities could
not be equal.
By James Mackenzie
Life is short,
Death is sure;
Sin the cause,
Christ the cure.
LIFE IS SHORT.
Who can deny it? Though within
i recent years science has added a dec
ade or so to the life expectancy of
; man, our little day on earth is at
best a brief one. “Whereas we know
t not what shall be on the morrow,
f j For what is your life? It is even a
t vapour, that appeareth for a little
? time, and then vanisheth away”
' (James 4:14). You may be healthy
' and strong, but you have no sure
’ promise of tomorrow. You may never
see the dawn of another day, for,
DEATH IS SURE.
. "... it is appointed unto men once
to die, but after this the judgment
SIN THE CAUSE.
Why is life short and death sure?
Hear the answer of God’s Word: "...
the soul that sinneth, it shall die”
As a tribute to the dads of the land
Bernard Baruch, America’s "elder(
statesman” pays his respects to a man i
he. and thousands of other people, re
spected and admired. Be sure to read,
this heart-wmrming story in the June
20th issue of
THE AMERICAN WEEKLY
Magazine in Colorgravure with the
Order From Your
1 . I^JWL w.rvvwvW
§«# TERMITE CONTROL
t A $100,000,000 worth of building damage ever/
vSs#, y ear can be laid at the doorstep of wood
\ destroying termites! Now, of course, those
wvW rc * #s swarming creatures at your doorstep
V;.v- ' r termites . . . and only an expert can really
& | tell. So if you're smart, if you want your home
'to be really safe, call the world's leading termite
expert, Otto the Orkin Man.
WORLD'S LARGEST PEST CONTROL CO.
Call Elizabeth City 6783 Coll.
(Ezekial 18:4). "... so death passed 1
upon all men, for that all have sin- 1
ned” (Romans 5:12). Tn God’s sight,
all men are sinners. “There is none
righteous, no not one” (Romans 3:10).
“For all have sinned, and come short
of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23).
Sin is breaking God’s Law. “Whoso
ever committeth sin transgresseth al
so the law: for sin is the transgression
of the law” (I John 3:4). The pen
|alty for breaking the Law of God is (
death and hell. “For the wages of ,
sin is death ... ” (Romans 6:2.3).
“And these shall go away into ever
lasting punishment ...” (Matthew ]
Yet there is hope in |
CHRIST THE CURE, for the verse j
which begins “The wages of sin is ]
death,” ends with “ . . . but the gift of
God is eternal life through Jesus ]
Christ our Lord. There is hope in
Christ because, though innocent, He (
paid the penalty for our sins by lay- i
ing down His life for us. The life ]
forfeited because of sin may be re
placed by eternal life, and more abun
dant life, through faith in Him (John
3:16; Acts 16:31). <
What must you do ? Repent of your :
sins and confess them to God. Re- 1
ceive Jesus Christ as your own per
sonal Saviour, and trust Him alone
I eg COUNTRY 1
I HI GENTLEMAN |
I 4 YEARS OLD |
llllli DOTIJADDY mm—tm
gs BOTTLED BY LA. DOUGHERTY’S SONS, INC. DISTILLERS. PHILADELPHIA, PA. S
for salvation and cleansing. Remem
Life is short,
Death is sure;
Sin the cause,
Christ the cure.
George D. Miller, 48,
Dies Near Cole Jjn
George D. Miller, 48, died Wednes
day afternoon of last week at 5:30
o’clock at his home near Colerain af
ter being ill only one week.
Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Mattie
N. Miller; two sons, Dewey Nelsc%
Miller of Suffolk and Bobby Ray Mil
ler, at home; two brothers, Ellis N.
Miller of Colerain and Johnnie Mil
ler of Harrellsville.
He was a member of the Colerain
Baptist Church, where funeral ser
vices were held Friday afternoon at 3
o’clock. The pastor, the Rev. P. T.
Worrell, officiated and burial was in
Hillcrest Cemetery at Colerain.
“All this talk about back seat driv
ers is bunk. I’ve driven a car for ten
years and I’ve never had a word from
“What sort of a car?”