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Aug. 13, 1805, edition 1 /
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PUBLISHED (weekly) BY ALLMAND JfALL.---TyEST)AY, .AUGUST 13, 1805.
.r No. 452.
From the CHARLESTON COURIER.
THE licentiousness of the press, -which has
so often and sincerely been lamented by eve
ry real friend to hi country, was never more.
"fAilIy exemplified than by the following pub-
: lication, published, in the first instance in a'
paper called the Farm tr' s Register, printed At
. Lansingburgh,!. jnthe state jpf . ,Ne v-Yorkf
and afterwards copied-into, the (Baltimore)
JLvening Post, accompanied with -the following,
remarks: . ;
FROM THE BALTIMORE ETESING POST.
We hope the following remarks from the
" Farmer's Register," will be read with
much attention. They contain ; some
truths, of which the Charleston Courier,
we hope, is ignorant. . 11 not, the virulence
'displayed by it, on account of the capture
of the .Two Friends, is criminal i.i the
highest degree. We. are authorised (to
: say that the vessel was not American
That the Elita and the 'Two Friends both
belonged to a houie in London, oj which a
brother of Mr. Boyd' is one of the part
ners and that her sailing uiidiir the Ame
rican flag is a mere cover to save rislis.
. These: circumstances are perlectly uscer- J
tained -and there can be no douac of her
condemnation as English, property. The i
whole city of Charleston knows this to b i
. a fact. " If it is denied, we will give tha ,
detail to stop this perpetual outcry agauial
; the President and his administration, waich
is daily posing from that press. -"
The capture of the ship Two Friends,off
Charleston, . by a French privateer, will no
dou"t offer the federalists an opportunity.
(which they will not let slip) of pouring out
their wrath and vengeance against Mr. Jef
ferson j and the whole French nation, with re
doubled fury.'. We teel as much disposed to
condemn the unwarrantable capture or de
tention of American ships as any man among
the whole federal parly, let the perpetrators
of the aclbelong to whatever nation they may
but these sentiment win never induce us
to countenance fraud, or witness in silence
the taking an undue advantage of the rights
of citizenship, by unprincipled foreigner,
- snore especially when such conduct ha a
. tendency to jeopardize the peace and safety
of our country, by compromittin'g our neu
trality, and the honor of our government.
The case before us may be 'classed among
many others? now existing in the U. Sutcs,
calculated to produce thoje baneful etl'ccts.
There is eery reason u believe that the ship
To Friends was fraudulently covered a A
.. merican property nay, we will venture u
say, that not a timber headai her howiied by
any citizen of the United Stales, and we are
induced to express this opinion from a strong
concurrence of circumstances, which -we
think proper to notice attiie present time.
. In the year. '93, or '9), capt.Neil M'Neal,
' (now master of the Two FrieiuU,) tomuiaii
ded the-ship Eliza, a regular trader between
London & Charleston. Although thisship was
covered by ome Scotchmen inChai Uitou.who
were naturalized, her belonging to an English
house in London was so notorious that no body
in Clurlestonever doubted it, if any had doubt
ed it,thefjlbwinjcirau:nita:ice of itself would
serve to establish the fuel: On her passage
from Charleston to London, she was captu
red by a French privateer and carried into
Bayone, in France, uitircapuin M Ntalon
board.' On her arrival at Bayone, captain M.
immediately abandoned her, wlthqut laying
waitiothe event of the trial. This conduct.
ing to two different nations while at war with -each
other, nay, there have been instances
of the persons claiming the rights and enjoy
ing the privileges ot American citizens, be
ing concerned, at one and the same time, in "
French and English privateers , which were
committing depredations on the .American'
commerce. It .is to expose the ill effects of
-aireh usurpation of the privileges of citizen- .
ship that we now assume this language.
While this infamous practice exposes the
property of the fair American merchant who
trades on 'his own bottom, it is next to impos
sible for pur government to check the evil,
because it is an extremely delicate Vttint
for a Collector to question the veracityof a
merchant who is taking a solemn oath, altho'
he may have strong suspicions. There are
no doubt many instances, of innocent proper
ty, captured, and while we lament, the tact,
we should look to this nefarious practice of
covering property as the principal source
from whence that evil arises, since it is ex
trenittly difficult for the officers of belligerent
powers to discriminate in cases which, al
though widely different, are cloaked with an
appearance of similarity. VVe have not for
gotten the hue and .cry that was raised
a few years since about the capture of the
ship Mount ..Vernon, by a French privateer.
Yet she has proven to be 'British 'properly,
and the mutter was hushed un. It erieves us
to find the depredations on our commerce so
injurious to honest American merchants,
but we feel ho regret for the; losses of thosj
who are or have buen guilty of the above frau
dulent practices, hi their political profession
be what they may. - We only lameirt that they
are not the only sufferers." "'
,' . Farmer's Rkgister.
THE truth is, that the ship Eliza was, in'
the year 1796, bought hy the then house of
Muir & Boyd, in Charleston, for the sum of
.I.AOfll. slfi'liiKr. a t ? ui1h m-mwrl v. unil in.
tended for a regular London trader ; that she
afterwards made two voyages, consigned to
the house of Caldcletigh, Boyd 8c Co. merch
ants,! London,' the friends and correspon
dents of Muir & Boyd; that on her third
voyage from Charleston to London, being ar
med to protect her lrom the aggressions of
the trench Republic, ahe was. on the 5lh Ju-
ly,"l79rf, after an action of an Hour and a half,
captured by the French privateer L'lleurcux
Decide, of Bourdeaux, and the captain and
some of his passengers carried in the priva
teer to Passage, and thence to St. Sebastians,
where capt. M Ntal. eluding the guatd set o
verhim, made his escape to Madrid, and
from thence -proceeded to Lisbon. At the
time of her capture, the said ship Eliza being
trie. sole and bona fide property of Muir Sc
Boyd, was insured as such, and the insurance
The books of Muir Sc Boyd, and the ac
counts rendered by Caldclciigh, Boyd, U Co.
support these facts, and are open to the exa
mination and criticism of every honest man.
That in consequence of the' capture of the
hip Eliza, disappointment arising to the
views of the house in Charleston, s to their
having a vecl regularly established in the
London tiade, ifTlerthe safe arrival of captain
M'Neal in London, the December following
his being taken, .the ship Two Friend
being offered for sale, wai purchased by their
correspondents on the joint account of Muir
Ic Boyd and capt. M'Neal ; the former hold
ing three-fourths and the latter one fourth,
in said vessel. That in theyrar 1802, when
II the said house of Muir c BovJ tntwri nav.
fjm fo1 hertl" 'LLtt'HBSIW L mcDti .lhc.jlupJT.wo Faund v imroedialely-
waiuoinB cYcnioiineiri.tf. i in conauci, arierher wmal in Lhailes'.on, was offered
, at first view, would appear strange, i but it f,)r sale, when capt. Neil M'Neal made pur-
was perfectly consistent, when it it consider. chae of their interest in the laid ship, and
ed that capuM. knew that the ship was Eng. j paid them there for.at the rate of 18,000 dol-
lish property, and would be piv.ud lobe . j Urt. That ince the laid salr, the whole of
1 he owners in i.onuon, an .win? that under jl the aaid ship has been, as the subscriber hath
Custom-House in this City, on the nineteenth
jdaf of Apvif, one thousand seven .hundred,
and ninety-nine,' in the name of William
Muir, William Goyd, and Neal M'Neal ; un-der-Avhicn'
register she sailed until the ele
venth day of May, 'one thousand eight hun
dred and two, Jit which time the said William
Muir and W illiam Boyd sold out the whole
of their interest in said ship, to the said
Neil M'Neal, in whose narne.a new register
was granted on the'day last mentioned, . and
under which register she has sailed ever
since. . . j
Given under our hands, at the Custom
House aforesaid, this 29th day of July, eigh
teen hundred and five. '
JAMES SIMONS, Collector of th e Customs,
THO'S. WARING, Sen. Naval Officer.
. COMMUNICATION. ; .
A Circular Letter dated Santo Domingo,
6th Floi-eal ( pril 26), addressed bv Gen.
1-err-an'd to the Captains General, Govern
ors, and commandants in the French, Spa-
niMi, aim ijmcii, colonies, me Minister
Plenipotentiary, "kc. Sec. Ikis just been re
ceived in. this city.' 'The object of the let
ter appears to be to dissipate the doubts and
fears of the cidevant colonists, and refute
the aspersions cast upon the army and go
vernment oy the weak and the wicked, who
were more active in traducing the few brave
soldiers (who had the coumre "and confi
dence to reiiMiii at the Dost of rlano-pi h..
cause they considered their
and the government as careless of.thc fute
of St. Dominco. The' "cirr.nl
long extract from a letter of 'the-French
Minister Dkcrks lo Gen. Fkkrako. recei-
v?d by Admiral Missiessv: it fully deve"
lopes the paternal care of the Emperor for
the colonists, his intention to preserve the
island, and his entire approbation of the judi
cious conductofGcn. Fkrrano and the sol
diers under his command, while complaint
is made in the following terms of' those who
have failed in fidelity and zeal :
".Iliad flattered myself," savs the minis
ter," tliat the rest of the army 'of St. Domin-'
go, in the island of Cuba, would have gone
to Santo Domingo ; and 1 have learned, with
regret, that but the smallest part have le
lurnedtothepostofhonorahrfangert '1 his
conduct, justly reprehensible in the ginemls
and officers, who ilutwiihstanclinsr vi.ur ri.ll.
have abandoned the defence of the half of
the colony confided to them, marks, in a
more honourable manner, the dcvot'.ncs
of the troops und the general, who have not
uespuucd to preserve it to the Frcmh I m
pire; and his Majesty justly appreciates
this new proof of their courage and their
Subjoined to the letter of the Minister is a
P. S. in his. own hand writing; he says
" The firmness of your, conduct, General,
towards enemies exteriour and interiour, and
by these 1 mean the knaves you are send
ing away or shall send away. and I invite you
to use the greatest latitude in this resffect:
me nonour uui you nave acquired by your
deportment in the half of the island gives you
sutn particular Claims lo the lavour of the
Linpcror, as arc agreeable to inc to present
' As to the assistance jou ask, it is not
suitable to enter into details here ; but do
not despair, for you are a particular object
of the solitude of the government; and,
mcantine, witness to the troops under your
command the satisfaction of the Untpeior, in
which you have an important part."
.Utuijrem t hr-Ltrruiar;
top of the kead nine inches f round each
heacj, eleven jncheif arid, three quartei5 ?
round the breaft, twenty-two inches ; and .
the length trom head to loot; was twen--ty-one
and a quarter inches. It was alive,
a little before it waj brought forth.
" . Newberry Dijintf June 22, 1805.
NEW-YO RK, July 27.
By the sch'r Diana, from Curracoa, we
leam that a. British squadron, under com?
mandofCapU Murray, iu Franchise frigate,
one other frigate,' two brigs and four schoon
ers, were blockading Curracoa ; ami fom1 -days
previous to the Diana's mailing, tluy
made a descent upon Carraccas-Bay, to the .
windward of the island, landed 180 men, "can
nonaded the fort, , and in the evening were,
repulsed and beat off, leaving behind three
prisoners, an 13 pound cannonade? and 1!0 ,
muskets. The troops re-embarked and
went tothe leeward where they landed .their
sick, and wounded amounting to 70 men.
We are l'urihctforme'd that the whole lfj-.
ward part of the island, from the West end,
within 28 miles of the town, had surrendered
to the British, which they had burnt and de
stroyed. Mr. Robert Caen- had been arres
ted by the Dutch government, upon suspicion
of his corresponding with the British we
further learn that it whs the determinatioivot
the Governor of Curracoa, not to surrender
the town to the British, but rather to bury
himself in the ruins. v
At the city of St. Domingo, Gen. Ferrand
was preparing to defend himself from an ex
pected attack from Dessalines, the Black Em
peror. Commercially Interesting. -
The following Regulationsol'the Intendant-
General of the Island of Cuba has been oblig
ingly translated and handed to m, by a gen
tleman, to whom the public has b'een fre
quently indebted for his useful communica
tions. The original has been left in our pol- .
session. In about two months time wefchall
probably see it announced from the Consul
General at Philadelphia.
" SicNion Don Rafael Rovbaup,
Intcndant General of this Island, had de
termined, in a decree of the 28th June" last,
that the regulations pointed cut in the ma-
nilestor ordinftice, ot the Slh l ib. anterior,
for the general administration of the reve
nues of the marine, for the Commerce of Ntu-
trals, receive the following addition.
The Consul or icc-ComuU of the neu
tral f)orts from whence expeditions are made
(and' in the case of their being no Consuls
resident therein, the persons auil.onsrd by
the Minister Plenipotentiary of his Majesty)
snail ccrtily to the accounts or invoices, with
the expression of the partictar poit of the
island to which they are directed ; with an
individual relation of the number, weight,
measure, quality and value of the kinds aiid
effects comprehended in the cargo ;. under
the intelligence or knowledge that whatso
ever shall be discovered that was not included
in the invoice, will be confiscated without any
lLvinna, julj 3, 1805.
The Ilibernia, CaptDone, arrived at Bo.
ton, spoke brig Telcmachtis on the 1 8th inst.
111 a short pasnape from Leghorn, atul wa
informal that .lb 4mt irn (;mt.llnkt mrt
all arrived safe at Gibraltar.
these circumstances claiming the ship at'A
merican property would be perfectly tmlcn,
and only attended with loss of time and mo
ney, had instructed Capt.M. to abandon her
immediately, in case of capture. Accord
ingly! m we have already observed, he Teft
ncr on 1111 arrival inrranic, ami procrrutd
directly lo London, w hen the same owners !
Immediately purchased the ihipTwn Fiicnd, ;
pve him the command of her, k consigned
her to their friends in Charleston, who cover
ed her also, as they had done the Eliza. 1 hat
hnu having subsequently failed, one of the
copartners has continued to cover the Twi
Friend t,iu hit own panic, as American pro
perty. And the was so covered at the time
of her late capture. ,
In Riving the above statement, we are far
from being governed by any other motiut
than ciposin; to public icw a practice h'uh,
w efnr, It toocxtcosive for the 'honor and
afely of the American flag. We have not.
ted this particoUr case morion account of
iu magnitude than fiom 1 with 10 point out
the improprieties of the members of any par
titular party or their partiality to any parti
cular natttm. Wt know tt.t wriht of the
favourite mtsim 'of tnrrcantite men, that
tktrtii 0fritdil"t In tfAe. We know
that this conrinfol property 11 rot crnSnrd
t' Lnelisb ships. Wc be known one man
commflha property cllnuiiiUuaJi UU.u
always understood, and religiously belie es,
solely owned by capt; til M'Neal, who on
hit arrival in I .on dun, addressed bis vessel to
the House of Hopkins, Gray U (ilovcr, and
pot to the house of Caldclcueh. Bovd It
Reid, as insinuated, which aaid house has
always done in London the business of Neil
' M'Neal, since hit purchase of the ship Two
And further, the subscriber cloth' declare.
that neither Caldclciigh, fined Ic Reid, of
London, nor any other Brnuh merchant.
had any interest, share or profit, in the ttui-
ness transacted by the lat hoiue of Muir !t
B yd,orby himielf, in Charleston I and 11
the subscriber intends, and now solemnly
pledge his word, to nrmrcuie the Editors
and Publisher of the Farmer's fi(giitfr, and
the Estninf Al, (printed at Baltimore,) for
libels tending lo degrade him in the rstt?m
of hisftltow-dlizcnt, and toiubWt his rro
p-rty to every lawless depredation, he ic
n am irom making any further comment tn
their lahe and mal.c.ous assertion. 1
; . Wa. BOYD.
July t9, IS03.
StJU tf S uih'Carlina, j
lrt tj Uurltttcn.
Thart 10 eerff to all whom It mi? rnn.
eern, Thatthc Atntrican ship Two tVicndt,
v,.i m.v. .1 ....
"hi .'i was rigiiicitu ai luc
"The events that have just taken place at
Santo Domingo, where Desialiacs, with all
his forces, has fallen in his design, are suf
ficient to encourage those persons who, de
siring to come to Santo Domingo, were pre
valued only by the fear of a new evacuation.
The protection gircn to commerce ouitht to
draw merchant thither ; the advance that
culture fieri, the cutting of wood, kc. are
attractive for the late inhabitanti t and I am
assured, as to the course of proceeding, that
you would do well to ccond me. In re-tco-
plingthe colony, an end will be put to the
misery in which many familcs lantniUh. who
have emigrated from St. Domingo, and are
scattered in. the neighbouring colonies;
1 r-ey may count, by applying tome,iion the
ame protection that 1 promued them inmv
addres of the 2tUh Vcutose tlClh March)
year 12. G.
On the ill iiiflani, Sally Johnflon.
01 inn o.iiiki, wii ciciivcrei o a very
a a . '
cmaoiuinaty cr.ud. 11 rtUmblcd two
frmale childien, jcincd ifgeihcr fide by
fide, and had on! out Innly, It had I wo
hradi, mou hi, and nofei four rye 1, eats,
thighs lef and (eel, with loci in pio
roition. The two innrr urn ,wee
r 11 - 1 ii .
icrre'riirg imaucr man int outer ooci t
the br all hid only two nippief , ore at each
Ii V, and the body but one navel.
There appeared to be regular pufjjjei
from rath inouih dawn il.toorh the bo.
Jy. It rcraiMtcrf, inm here the neck
ii.d bead jwiui the uourdeff. to ibe
Welearnby Mr. liarrod, lupeycargo of
the ship Hannah, arrived at Newbury port
Trom Trieste and Gibraltar, that the U. b.
sch'r Enterprise, capt. Robertson, hat been ,
entirely rebuilt ai Venice, and would be rea
dy to tail for Syracuse tne 10th May.
The U. b. frigate Boston (the Cons'itutiori
being in co.) captured a Tripolitan cruiser
and retook to Neapolitan vessels, her prizes,
and carried into Malta.
The Hannah brought dispatches for Co
vemment from our Mediterranean toua-
Extrafl fnm Lndtn fftn ft ihiih '
tf JuntrttivtJ at the .tjftttf iklt
London, Juhi 5. A piper of ye.
flrrdayf 7r Timet,) conlaini the following
The cafe of Mr. Ofborni Mukliam,
or rather, of the Navy and Admiralty
board, i'h regard to that gentleman,
cngroflcl ihc nicniion of the political
circlet. Mr. Markham iiior wrai a very
few davi ago) one of the cnmmifTioner
of lb Navy Board. When thil feat w a
ofTered him, he left the bar, and rcfigntd
Chanocllorlhipof the See of York, and
a commilGoncimip of Bankrupu.
approving fomc ot I he iranfadiont of ihe
Navf Board, he eEpnlfed himfclf with
fceedoTi anJd gnityat the tab e, which
produced 1 complaint to Lord Mc'.vi'.le,
thenrll L rd ol the A fmira'iy, lo whom
h colleague reprrftn'el, ai a great
gricvaocr, that be hai a'-fwlutcly -prcfu-
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