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0 / 75
i . v."
C - -,
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" ' '
";J'-.-: ' ' "'
R. M. FTTRMAN,
J D. CAMERON,
FRIDAY EVEN'G, July 2485.
.? States ' Tt tnolc Rrmne onlv on
: I - I - . ; ...... 3 I - 4 - - i I I J-
. Among tho companies attached to
the 2nd North Carolina Regiment
of the State Guards is. Company f; A
of Fayetteville, Major W. F. Cian pi-
bell commanding. : Thta company
is better known as the Fayetteville
Independent Light Infantry; at
home, by the more endearing' and
familiar name of the "Old Indepen
dent!; ; This ., organization , has,
history, long5 and honorable. ; In
1793 the young United States , were
brought close to the verge of open
, war with France, eir.rold.ei3
and ally. The wild Republicans o
that country,; QTeTthrQwing1 meni
archy, society and all its established
orders and forms; ,were forced.; into
universal war, first of; self.- defence
agaiflgt the outraged powers of Eu-
. ' '.'' "'-A '
roper tana,;., nuenea ..w-$a .: viciory
turning their arm? abroad in 'agert
eral crusade of propagaTjdisin. T. J
was perhaps very natural -that they
. should lopk , to the United States , 0
A merica, the only other country m
the worjd which bad adopted, lie
publican forms of government, for
aid and sympathy., , The,liberties bf
America were lrgelyi due to the
spirit, the blood and the treasure of
France. Gratitude was appealed to
and the community of political in
terests might inspire the enthusiasm
of the Americans to impose their
forms of government upon the des;
potisms of Europe.' . But the Diree
tory of France proceeded in a .verj
clumsy way. - They demanded,
Tather fthan .asked, the help bf the
United States. Their emissaries
and their. accredited minister s treat
ed with disdain the; conservative
temper of the American government,
Th ey issued . their proclamations
and manifestos in violation of the
laws of nations. They appealed from
.the President1 to the people; their
insolence cecame so intolerable that
the French Minister, M. Genet, was
ordered to quit the country. ' '. piplo
matic intercourse ; " between -the
countries was suspended. ' The ex
isting French government was
greatly-irritated. It authorized a
kind of warfare against the United
prey of American commerce.' Two
of their war ships, the ImurgenU
and La Vengeance came in conflict
with U, S. ship Con8tellationt and
were captured. The ambition, the
power and the successes 'of the
French seemed to have no bounds,
and this country was in imminent
peril of putting its new powers to a
It was at thjstage of affairs that
the towij, ol ' Fayetteville was
touched with the fires of patriotism.
The first town-in this' country to
perpetuate the name of -La Fayette
by substituting it for the old one of
Cioss Cieek, no association of the
gratitude due to so distinguished a
mempry interfered for a . moment
with the call of duty. The Independent-
Company" was organized
out of the best blood of the place,
and its services .' tendered to, the
government They were not needed;
for France had her hands full nearer
home, and had learned the '. true
temper of the American people, and
respected their policy and tho war
cloud drifted away. ; f .
The company lived through a very,
uneventful existence until the; war
of 1812 with Great i Britain. It then
promptly,1 tendered its services i to
the government, the only' .yolunteer
organization of the State that did
so, andtin course of time, was t rder-
ed to Fort Johnson, at Smithyille,
near the , mouth of the Cape , Fear
river.7 The war never scarred the
- soil of North- Carolina,, nor . stained
its waters ; and . the Independent
company was fated' to , chafe in in
glorious idleness until the coming bf
peace. The, State, never prodigal
with substaptiial.'rewai'df was suffi
ciently, profuse; in . empty. Jionbrs;
and the officers, were: all breyetted; n
barren compensation'- at the tjme,
but by association become; .of price
1 ess, worth. K;Thi3 is the explanation
of the anomaly that a company 'is
commanded by d Major, and officer-i
ed by four captinsJs'i; I !y ; '' "
1 There was .a long , interval ; of.in.
glorious ease, in which however, the
company lost none- of its -esprit du
corps.' The organization was formed,
ns we. have said,' of the best blood 61
Fayetleyill,"i JV'was; the, pride of
the eons to succeed the fathers, and
such succession has been, religiously
observed. Service in such a com
pany has always been csteeaied fin
honor; hd for. nearly a century the
joining the Independent company
has been almost as essential to the i
young men of Fayewcville as a fdM
mal declaration of yianiwod as tVe
assumption of s the'togaVirilis by
the youth pfRonieV Lawyer physi
cians, merchants, ".mechanic,' all
have tajcen their turn .in the ranks,
an. in their turn have -succeeded to
command The course bfpromotion
is uniform and inflexible. The low
est cbrporaU if he servelohg enough,
will in time rise to the rank Of Mar
jor; but can only do so When those
above him' have passed through the
me course, by the, rise, and ..w)th-
rawal of those who have stfained
the highest rank. , The present com
mander, jg rihe son of Major Archi
bald M; Campbell, who,1! snow; after
the lapse of more than5 thirty years
sees his son arrived at the head of
the ' company . Ninety two years
have witnessed such succession; send
yet the command has, all; the. vigbr
of youth and all the purpose to per
petuate its existence. J - '' ;
v ' The last, service the 'K Independent
company performed' was. . its ; only
serious one, tj , During the late war, it
promptly- volunteered . and . went as
Company ; A of the 1 st Regiment,
inAhefn-6ke"bf battle for the first
time, in the fight at Big Bethel. J; It
wis 'subsequently, on a reorganiza
tion, 't thrown in t J the llthv Regi
ment, i Coh Leaventhorpe; and from
that time until the close of the war,
its history is a part of the s history
of the war, with its full share- of
gallant servici, and with more -than
its full share of carnage. Its ranks
were again and again , recruited to
fill the gaps made by shot and shell.
Few families in Fayetteville that
did not mourn son or brother; but
there Were none to mourn the shame
of cowardice or treason. The flag
that floats so proudly to-day, was
neverilowered in disgraceful flight,
.Perhaps after the war was closed,
there was no haste to resume r
show or pattime the forms of war
which bad had such sad andjsuch
terrible meaning. Yet peace has its
burdens and its duties as well as
war; and when those were made ap
parent, the Independent Company
was again at the service of the State.
It is now," as always, one of the lar
gest, the best equipped, ' and best
drilled companies of the State, proud
of its honorable record, and jealous
of any possibility that its laurels
may ever be stained. : ; . . ;
ine tjompany was organized on
the 23d of August, 1793. ,;
The Recorder is very frank in ex
posing the causes which lias led to
at the present time. ' The Recorder
has'not been wanting in warnings,
We infer that the physicians haye
been inclined to ignore facts and
proclaim a condition . of h ea 1th ful
ness that does not exisW:
Happily we can say that the au
thorities; i of Asheville have acted
and are acting on -suggestions made,
we may say with . truth, largely on
the promptings of the Citizen. The
town is clean and it is kept clean; it
is healthy; and we hope and believe
will remain so, though .we regret
to find that the careless use of a piece
of State news, referring to another
place, carelessly, and by the Wil
mington Star, still exercises its mis
chievous influence. ' '
To show how inexcusable neglect
Of sanitation is. and how at , vari
ance with decency and common
sense, we quote the following from
he Recorder.:',, . , , . , ; "t
"With all duo deference ; to' the
opinion of our excellent M. D.'s, as
to the causes which riengendejr fever
and constitutional disorders among
the-citizeris of this place, we must
insist that the. condition of the back
vards in rear? of the stores on the
South side of- Main street and the
boarding ' houses, saloons, &c, on
north ; side Railroad street, have
much toMo with the t sickness now
prevalent in- the community fish-
brine, stagnant . soap suda, chicken
entrails, decayed vegetables, , spoilt
nsh, etc.; etc. impregnate theatmos
. OUR H3RMAL SCHOOL
. Concluded its first' session to-day,
and,a niost successful session it has
been in all respects, ". The Trustees,
Messrs." H: A. Gudger, Dr Millard
and T. I. Van Gilder, were most for
tunate in the selection of a Princi
pal and Teachers: Professor White,
Principal, and Professors Benj. At
kins and Wilson, 'and Misses Good
loe and Millard, have not only been
most faithful, but proficient in their
several department-. Largely over
one .hundred teachers; have been in
regular attendance, and their atten
tion to and interest in the exercises
gave tho best evidence of the utility
ancl necessity, ;bf such" schools -in
general, and of the Asheville school
in particular. The Trustees are also
fortunatein securing addresses from
such 'distinguished "men of letters
and practical educators as Dr. Cur
ry, Prof. Winston, - Prof, Venable.
Maior Bingham, Judge Dick, and
others. '- :
" To Mr. Starhes the Secretary of
the . Board of .Trustees, as ' the effi
cient Superintendent of Buncombe
county Schools, is special credit due
for untiring ; services and efforts in
behalf of this school. He has spared
no pains or. efforts to make it en
tirely successful, and has very large
ly contributed thereto. '
- The success of this school sustains
the wisdom of the" author" of the
measure, which created it in the last
legislature HonH. A. Gudger, Sen
ator from this district. All meas
ures which pertained to the educa
tional elevation of the .people of his
district or State always commanded
his earnest sympathy and support
Normal and graded schools he
regards as among the very best
agencies for a . successful popular
education Of the people, and he in
troduced and passed the . measure
establishing a normal school at
Asheville, and, also a measure
authorizing a graded . school in this
city. We have had the Normal,
and have witnessed a most satisfac
tory and useful session. It still re
mains for the citizens of Asheville
to establish the graded school. Mr.
Gudger has full cause to be proud
of his work in general, but specially
of the result of the first session of
the Asheville Normal School.
Hotels, ami Slimmer Resorts
- :- If
Asheville, N. C.
Altitude, 2,339 Feet Above the Sea,
A U IAnen Lawn, India Linens, English
and French Nainsooks, Striped and Plaid
Nainsooks, Piques, Embroidered -Edgings
and Inserlings, Allover Embroideries and
Laces, Lace Edgings and Tnserlings in great
variety, Kibbons, liuitons, Corsets, Under-
wear, Neckwear, Hosiery, Glows, Fans,
ParasoUfShopping Bags,- Bells, JJandker-
"etf . ' -- .- -. ..Vj One Price Store.
. Geo. II. Staekes, Family Grocer, has
established a hew delivery . wagon, and
18 prepared to deliver iresh family groce
ries fresh, meats, vegetables, &c, in eve
ry part or trie city, prompuy. call on
him for family supplies. ; . . tjy22
Ladies' "Common Sense" and "Opera
roe Jfrencn jlvi, ' " : at Levy's.
Watt"Hill, in the Deaver building.
South Main street, can furnish meals at
any time. . Beef steaks a specialty.
Ifvouwant gool 5 cent Cigar bp to
Lyons' and ge a "White Rose."
Now Lot ..;
Timothy and Glo
; ver Seed.
The recent additions and improvoments to
the Swanhanoa make it. perhaps, the most
.ttriuHvB nn.T onmfor table Hotel in the South.
Tta Tnwsr snil 450 feet of ?&Ueries fnrnish
views of Uie Swacnanoa Eiver and the French
Broad Eiver valleys, - Also views of tne ume
Ridge, Pisgah, Balsam, New Found and Elk
ranges of mountains, peaks of which are over
6.000 feet high. Convenient to i-ost, .Express,
Telegraph and Railroad Ticket Offices, and
ARhevil Ifi Bank.. Asheville library and Ashe
villa Club Booms. Purest mountain water
conducted to and through the Hotel.
All Modern Conveniences
. The Ball Boom is 50x150 feet. A fine Or
chestra from Philadelphia is engaged for the
Special Rates to Parties by the Month
' : The Proprietors take special pride in the
Tidiness of their House,- and the successful
management of the cuisine department.
BAWLS BROTHERS, -"
jun 3 " Proprietors.
The Summer Resort of the
CJESAB'S Iir.AI nOTEL.
LOCATED upon the summit of Cassar's Head
Mountain, a bold sour of the Bine Kidee in
upper South Carolina, 4800 feet above tide water;
having an average temperature of from 65 to 70
ciimar. iinriftr&iieica. iso news, jno irosis.
Scenery varied, grand and beautiful beyond
Mineral waters aDunuanu -
Is Now Open for tlie Reception of Gue$ts.
Daily staees and mail from Henderson ville, N.
rt1srtn.n(u 24 miles ffood roads.
tkems sb.uu per nay; io,uo per wees; .,uu ror
four weeks. Children under elKnt years, ana col
ored servants, half price.
Ft A. SLlLiHa, M. ii.,
je 8-d2m Proprietor.
Round Knob Hotel,
W. N. C R. R.
UNDER NEW MANAGERS, IS
now Jpen for the reception of visitors.
Round Knob is situated on the line of the
W. N. C. R. R.. 26 miles from Asheville,
and in the Valley of Blue Ridge Mountain.
House newly iurnished witn an conven
iences, labie suppnea irom tne oesi
markets. Climate and water not excelled
by any section in W. N. Carolina.
Highest fountain m tne woria m iuu
. ...... . .
view 01 tne Hotel, tnrowmg a stream 300
feet high. Northern visitors will find it
:o their interest to visifr this beautiful and
romantic spot. Telegraph office in -Hotel.
Further information, address
W. B. TROY,
Ap 29-Dtf Round Knoh, X. C
CORNER FATTON AVENUE AND MAIN ST.,
OPPOSITE COURT SQUARE,
IS COMPLETE IN EVERY RESPKnr
Ajxv j.a jfjiJsi'AMED TO DO ALL
og f mmm
AT THE LOWEST HQVRES, IN THE SHORT-
Ao T POSSIBLE TIME AND IN THE BEST
We Will Not Be Underworked
J)0 YOU WANT
; PRINTING, TAGS,
LAND DEEDS, . '
CHATTEL MORTGAGES, Sic.
QA.LL AND OBTAIN SAM
PLES AND PRICES BEFORE
GIVING YOUR ORDERS.
DR. PEIRO bas droted yea to tfMitpeIltreatmont of Catarrh.
Throat, Cling Diseases, founderof the m.OyiiMi Oo.,furtli pru.
Ouetlua of UuU woudtrl uJ rvmvily .used by Inhalation, so wuluijr known u tb
0) YGESt! TREATMENT
For the relief aud ear of Consumption, Bronchitis, Asthma,
Hay Fever, Catarrh, Nervous, Prostration, etc. 6ud itanp
for the "Manual," an InterestinK book of 120 jjirc3 Four Colored,
. Plates. Aiidre OR. PEIRO, Chicago Ooera House, iurk m.4
W0rcf-bvpermldor.trtafewr,frmrptTon, llsti ,iHitio,llx.
. Hon. Wm. Psnn f4ixon,Bxi.IntprOfan. - Chlcoffo.
V F. H. Tubbs, Esq., Manager W. V. Tel.ro., - Chicago.
Cen. C. H. Howard, Mrs. T. B. Carwe, - - Chicago,
t .O.W. Nixon, M. D., Mrs. Metta C. Rood - Chicago.
.- Henry R. stiles, M. D., - - - rJowYork.
J . R-Onrftwm U Meli tmt (znirwhrrr in the Jlnttrrl 8!tia. Canada
or Europe by Express, av, plain, anniwl dircclUmi vufe cock crouwwt.
; "PARADISE REGAIN El) T
A Beautiful Summer Home in the 'iLand of tie ' Sky
WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS,
SO "Jf Hies tVest of Asheville,
On the Murphy Branch of the Western N.
Altitude, : : : :
Temperature of the Water, : ;
The most beautiful place in North
see for yourself.
J. C. S.
C. Rail Road.
: 2900 Feet.
; 53 Degrees.
Carolina. Come and
' - Manager.
OF ALL KINDS.
FURMAIT & STONE, "
AT THE '
Grand Central Hotel
WHEN YOU VISIT ASHEVILLE,
If you like good fare, fine rooms, good attend
14,150 Arrivals In 2 Years,
Or over 18 per day, shows the high esteem In
wntcn it is neia, .
French cook, nolite waiters, fresh water from
Beaucatcher Mountain, cold and hot baths, elec
tric bells in each loom.
Board SI .5a 9i and '.50 cer day : 88 to 0 per
w eek : S30 to $15 per month. Satislaction p'aaran-
8. It. Chetlester A" Son,
Owners and Proprietors.
A. L. WtLEY, of Virginia, Clerk.
O. NJtVILLK, late or Kajeign ana oi rurceu
. House, Norfolk, Caterer.
Zooit Outfor tlie Bed Bus at the Devot,
je 16-daw3m -
Lphiere witH a stench almost unbear
able and- decided! j t unwholesome,
if not reaily; poisonous."
r Clean faces, clean hands and clean
clothes, are supposed to. jShow good
breeding. in ihdividquls, , but. they
are . not more yitalqriteria. . than -are
clean streets, clean yards an'd clean
alleys of good breeding' in the com-raUTLty,-Pitti'mrg
Sergeant at Arms Gassett, of the
House of Commons; after a service
of a half centuryhas retired. -; .
Henry Kranskoff, of Indiana, a
clerk for the last '; twenty years in
the 1 Second Auditor's office, was
stricken with paralysis and died at
his desk.'; .7- - -
It is reported in New York that
the .Pennsylvania;! and , Vanderbilt
railroads have formed an alliance-,
ofFemsive,: and -defensive, . for the
purpose of crushing the Ualtimore
and Ohio. : - '
Athens, Ga., has just prohibited
the sale of intoxicating drinks under
the local option lawf . and the peo
ple aac wcil pleased with the expo-
lment. . '. . ...... . . ;.. -:
' It is said that some '.".California
friends of Gen.- Grant have raised
$12,000 towards payin? his doctor's
bills. 1 J - "
The Engine Arrived,
And brought me 625 ' regular - 50 ct.
CorsettSj.but I' am selling them at
25 cts. y'; ;'.'u:';:;'
5 pieces- Pillow Casing at the low
price of 12 J cts. ' ' .
. -J.Q. pieces Fruit-Lawn DomestiCi.
10 grossj Fruit Jars, qrts and half
500 lbs. of Cotton Batting. - -
A big lot of Dress. Ginghams, at
10 cents. . . . -;
Table Oil Cloth, Colored and Mar
ble. 20 dozen of the best unlaundred
Shirts, v Lot Gauze Shirts, &c, &c.
We are not so" very attractive as
some' others claim to be, and we
never have been; but when we ; say
Bargains, we mean it ,.
J. O. HOWELL fe Co ; ,
' " "Srox Cash Stoiie.
Is the only School for Boys In the South with
;at-U1it. a f,r8t-class ymnaNinnt, and a
Special fenos to yonDir men of small means.
The lfOrd Session beeina ngnKt S5th.
For Cptalogue, addivss
Mj. II. HINGIIAM,
f Tl9-ilaw6w Hirighftin Hcliool, N. C.
Fifteen Miles West of Asheville;
THIS DELIGHTFUL BESORT, WELL KNOWN
as one of the most charming summer retreats
In the mountains, is now oven for the reception
of guests. .
A new bufldine, containing twenty rooms,
comfortably and handsomely furnished, has
been completed ana aaaea 10 me aireauy large
capacity of the establishment.
The Hotel Is situated immediately on the line
of the Murphy Division of the Western Ndth
Carolina Railroad, fifteen miles west of Asheville.
Trains from the east reach Turnpike at 10.15 a.
m., and returning east, leave at 2.48 p. m.
Post Office and Telegraph Office on the
premises. ' ..
In addition to pure and cold spring water,
there is a fine Chalybeate spring on the premises.
Bath Rooms will be completed by the 15th of
July. A fine bold Creek flows by tho hotel.
Fer day," - . - - - . - 9 1.50
Perweek; - ... - ' 8.00
Permonth, . - - - .30.00
For particulara. apply to -
' Mas. J. C. SMATHERS,
junl8iaugl : Turnpike, Buncombe co.. N. C.
Land of the SIxy."
TIis Arlington Houso,
T. A. 'ALLEN, Prop' r.
Hendersonville - N. C.
ALTITUDE, 2,252 FEET ABOVE THE SEA. i
9-The Conveniences and Comforts usually
ound at any First-Class House. r
' &pr2Sdeod-2m. - - - ' ' :' :
uar btocajjanyty coiijnietcinnu made
of the lweet j3tetttla,"w?Sn ill the latest
improvements.- Single and double sets
in nickle and oriental rubber, either gilt
or mcKie lined. All other tnmminge on
Saddles and Bridles
Of crery grade and price, from cheapest
Morgan to the English Shaptoe.
Of every kind, size, grade and price.
Just recaived a fresh stock; including
Track Suits, Sweat Hoods, Jowl Hoods,
Cooling Blankets, Ankle 3oots of differ
ent patterns, Linen Sheets of all prices.
The finest stock in the market. Call and
Whips, Saddle Cloths tend
Ply JVets, -
In every variety.
REPJ11RIJYG OF AIjjL
RIJYDS .2 SPECMJII,-
Remember we have no machinery,
all work done by bnjid and guaranteed.
Call on ud and Bee what can be bought
in Asheville in our line.
S. M. GILBERT & CO.,
North Main street, opposite old Central
l C1T XT C ..
11U1CI, ASUOlllC, 11. V.
W . B . WILLIAM SON f
Furniture, Doors, Sash and Blinds,
PATTON AVENUE. ASHEVILLE, N. C.
CIIAS. A. MOSELY, ) c
B. M. JONES, Salesmen.
Tlie public are now cordially invited to call and examine my stock ol
fn n nn w -
U U ILU lid En
I have been somewhat delayed in getting ready for business, but now
have a good and substantialjstock
TO SHbwVotr. ;
I intend to sell goods cheap and for cash in hand. My stock con
sists of : . ,
Bedsteads, all qualities; Bureaus, Washstandp, Tables, Chpirs,- Mattreses
Springs, Wardrobes, Desks, Towel Kacks, Parlor Suita,
Carpets, Window Shades and Oil Cloths.
I will also have in a short time a nice line of
WALL PAP E II
you will call and examine my stock before buying,
1 am respectfully,
mhl8-sw&w P. 8. ITIcMUM.KX.
For Cash or on Instalments.
Send for Illustrated Cctalogne nd Price Llat. f .' ,
Opposite Post Offic
A DELIGHTFUL SUMMER
TmS nOUS E, LOCATED IMMEDIATELY
West of the French Broad bridge at Asheville.
is now ready for the entertainment of the Sum
mer travel. With good rooms, either in the main
building or in tlie cottages, well fitted up, and
w;th a table supplied with all the marketntfbrds,
I can comfortably entertain either families or
single individuals during the summer months.
With fine - .. . . -
MINERAL WJL TERS,
(Both Iron and Chalybeate), v
On the place, and within 10 minutes' ride of tht
centre of Asheville, I cart offer greater advan
tages than any other place adjacent to Asheville.
For further information, write to, or call on
. Mbs. R. G. MATJRY,
hm3d3m Asheville, N. C.
' pH--- -SS --r . ...... j
- (MACACO, III.