Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.) /
June 19, 1840, edition 1 /
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'fir ' r
1 r .
i . in
that State.1 4 At . the November election ol
' , that year he was swept away as by a hur.
ricane. At tlie next session of Congress
he apologised to his friends by saying that
... there were 40 .OOOyoters wj did jot iomel
to the polls, but would be out for hint at
the next citation. Well', sir,'in 1838 these
40,000 came out and 25,000 in addition,
and he wasbeaten by ihorc tlwrl 0,000
majority." He again consoled his friends
for this unexpected defeat, by soaring that
in the next campaign 'he would take the
v field in pcrdbn. He Hid so; lie traversed
the whole-State, ni a mere electionecaing
. .. tour, and,' with -the exceptioKjr tlie city "of
.. New ork the result in th Legislature
..showed a larger majority against him than
tlie .year before.'. In almost every contest
ed county Um? popular vote against him was
t increase!. There was no fulling off, but
from local causes, any where, except in
. the old Western district, which was so im-
mensely strong that there was ho necca
sity tf giving a full vote but at ageneral
rL i 1 .1 . . mi - If
cierion. . x nui wiu uisirtci win give iiiw
rison fifteen thousand majority. J!
Tltelato charter election in the city of
. New York has satisfied both friend ajiu foe
that under the registry law . Harrison will
' carry tlie city in the fall by a. decisive vote.
-rTTou roust recollect, too, that last year we
hud every, thing to discourage and dis-
- hearten our friends. Many gave up all for
that after" th;y heard tlie disastrous accounts
from Jennessce and Indiana. Hut there
. were some indomitable spirits, that never
doubt or latter in a good cause. , I hoy
rallied, and soon convinced tlie People that
New York could sustain herself, and was
. not to be influenced byvnny news abroad,'
nniWAVimiinnaAtkltiiMia tit it Arnxr
man of the Opposition is confident of sue
cess. It is hot An ofer-cordidunce that be.
' , gets inaction : it is a confidence which in
vigorates and inspires, and which impels to
a greater exertion. lt w a confidence, in
short, which will justify the expectations of
our friends, and disappoint the hopes of our
After all we have done in New York
for the lost three years, under the most un
vorable auspices, it is not a little morti
.fyingto us now, with all our bright pros
"" poets before us', that a single friend abroad
-should ibrne mofneni-pei'mit anibt of
V our triumphant success in the fall to cross
r ; his mind.; New York is just ai certain for
' s. .. Harrison at the time of etcctwn come rountL
' And if my old friend Ritchie, who goes for
' VI men, and not principles, would like toven
. '" turo a suit of clothes on tlie issue, I should
1)e pleased to accommodate him; or if he
- doea not choose to venture it on New York,
. I, will take it on the Union: or if, as Bar..
, dolph says, he will, be better accommo.
. dated," I will take a suit on each, ""
t , A Democratic. Republican Ste Con
: Nrention will soon bo called at the tld head
!' , " quarters at Syracuse. It will bo held about
' the first of October. There will bo a Con
servative rally on that occasion, such as
, Has not been known be lore in the fetate:
T- The real Democracy will bo thefeVto take
the most eflectua measures against the
federal usurnations of ' Mr. ' Van" Ruren.
New York adlieres to her old Democratic
' ' Republican principles, and will not bedriv-
en into the ultra-Federalism of this Ad
ministration. 'From the days of George
.,JUWtQ,i. to the present time, she has resist
. cd the encroachnHmts of Executive power
and the usurpations of the Federal Govern
ment. SI e will continue to resist tliem,
whether urgeij prvn her by Martin Van
Buren or Thomas" Ititcliie. It is no reason,
because these gentlemen have abandoned
- their principles and turned Federalists, that
4 the Democratic Republicans of New York
or of Virginia should follow their" example.
v; In New York tliey will adhere' to tlicir old
I; principles, and will assemble in Convention
v at Syracuse to resist Federal aggressions
) as our forefathers assembled,, in tlie time
, of the Revolution j to resist the Stamp Act
, and tlie 1 e 1 ax. I beg, therefore, you
. will dismiss all apprehensions about New
York, and set down her 42 Votes as the cap-
5 ital on which Harrison will commence busi
ness ; and that I think" is a pretty fair be.
ginning for a "log cabin and hard cider
- candidate. . I have devoted myself, for the
" - tast three years, to the reform of this Ad
: 'ministration : I Jiave enlisted for the war;
and you may rest assured that I shall not stop
till the final battle in November is fought and
won. :That accomplished, and Harrison
' elected, I shall feel that the country is safe,
ginal purity, and tlwt we may once more
.enter upon a train of uninterrupted pros
perity. And I shall also feel that 1 can
" say, with much greater propriety than Mr.
Vari" Burcn said on another occasion, " It
- ii glory enough to have served under such
r I have written a much longer letter than
7 I intended when I commenced; but, having
.; said thus much, I will add a little mote, by
way of giving myestjmate of the Presiden-
tiaf election. I have taken great pains to
get the most accurate information. I have
not only consulted members of Congress,
"but! have had a very extensive corres.
pondonce throughout the Union. My sour
. 'ces of information may be implicitly relied
on; and l say to you, with the utmost sin
ccrity, that, in my! judgment, Gen. Harri.
j. son will be elected by a more triumphant
. majority than Gen. Jackson received in his
palmresfdaysl In7writingto you as a
" friend, I have jnot only no motive, but -no
disposition, to mislead or exaggerate. I
give my estimate below, on which'; I place
the most implicit reliance, and sincerely
. believe the result will justify it.
" ' MMsnoN.
. Mamchurctts . ' . 14
Vermont . - .7
Conneetieot - . ' . 8
. Rhodohland - 4
. New York . . - 43
f New Jeney ..... g
v, . PenMylnnia - - 20
. Vas Bctbm.
New Hampshire 7
South Carolina 11,
I Murland .
Virjjini . .
i , . North Carolina
Georma ' --
, - 23
Mnine . . 10 I
3" MiaRanppi - ai.
10 Alabama ,. - 7
S3 MiawMoi - - 4
15, '" '' - '
11 1 85 ;
13 ,. '.
Kentucky ' ;
Illinois ;. ;
Indiana i ' : '
Michigan " '
Harrison -.. ;. 348 . V.B.and doubtful 47;
The whole number of -electoral votes is
295 necessary to i choice 148. Yog
wiH perceijre, then, that Harmon wiu Jiavc
100 votes beyond tlie number requisite to
eleet "him. I have given Mr. Van Burcn
New Uumpsfcire, which I know will be a
matter of cMpluinVwitb our friends there;
for they have determined to make battle
in a way to Shake even the granite hills.
Perhaps I ought to make a similar apology
in regard-to Arkansas. I have also given
him South Cuoluja, which will go for him,
unless, by December, when the, vote is to
be cast, Mr. Calhoun shall think the inter,
ests of the countrjtirequire it to be given to
a third man as heretofore! Of tlie ,25
doubtful votes, I think Harrison's chance,
decidedly the best- for ajnajority of them j
and if tlte tide of public sentiment continues
to set as strongly s it has done, Mr, Van
Buren, by November next, will scarcely
have a State-he can call his own. -U- , ,
I look.'forward to tlie above result with
tlie most perfect confidence, and with the
most pleasing anticipations What a re
buke will it be of .the attempted usurpation
of all the powers of this Government, and
tlie practical subversion of its fundamental
principles! What a triumphant restoration
of the powers of pongress, when freedom
of thought and of action shall be once more
vouchsafed to Ac Representatives x of tlie
People and tlie States. - .
.'Excuse tlie haste, with which I have
written, under the pressure of numerous
engagements,' and believe me very truly
your" ::rr, r n. ptallmaiige. .
VAN BUREN DURING
WAR OF 1812.
; It is -freouentlv asked, what was the do!
icy pursued by Mr. Van Buren during tlie
war of lH12T7:liiS"irieiids boldrjrrcply-, he
was the zealous advocate of that measure,
and supported the Administration of the
GcnerntT Government' irritr -prosecution;
His opponents speak doubUngiy, and give
evidence in their answemtotnajnterroga:
tory of a want of correct inforiiuitidn on the
8ul)j(t. Nor is this strange or wonderful.
The actors in the scenesof those bygone
days," are 'rapidly passing off the stage of
lifo. Another generation has sprung up,
Men born after that war was declared may
now be in the councils of the nation and
thousands of such are among the most ar
dent,' and are of an ago to be the most effi
cient, in the mighty political struggle, that
agitute our country, 1 liey.are older than
a majority of those gallant spirits, which
cominartdud our battalions in the battle.
fields of tlie revolution, and shed a lustre
upon the land of their. mUmzp
No man's position was more easily de
fined, than Mr. Van Buren's in 18r2. A
vy few historical Tacts, which arc matters
of record, will remove all doubts on this
point' and however much they hiay be
obscured by sophistry and metaphysics
refinement, they stand in bold relief, pla.
cing him in the ranks of the opponents of
the War and Air. Madison,' and the cham
pion of the "peace party" candidate for tlie
Presidency, selected and nominated by the
New England high-toned Federalists, de
signated in" those tunes, as the " tasex
In April, 1812, Mr. Van Buren was
elected a member of the Senate of the State
of New York. The whole country was
tlicn convulsed with the question of War or
no war with Great Britain, attvthose days
the Democratic party designated Presiden
tial candidates by Congressional caucuses.
They were the test of party men. j In this
way Mr. Jeflerson had. been twice nomina.
ted and elected, and Mr- Madison, once
On the 23d of May, 1812, Mr. Madison
was nominated a second time by the Demo.
cratic members of Congress. . He was
elected by them as the known and acknowl
edged war candidate. ' "
Un the 29th of May, seven days ajter the
nomination of Mr. Madison, the New Eng.
land Federalists, with certain distinguished
r cdcralists of the State of New York and
elsewhere, held a caucus in Broad street in
the city of New York. ; Their deliberations
resulted in nominating what they termed, a
"peaceparty" candidate for the Presidency,
lPJJ?PP95iL'M to Mr. Madison." the "war
party" candidate. On the 17th June, 1812,
war was declared against Great Britain ;
and from that time until the meeting of the
State Legislature on the- 3d of November
following, Mr. Van Buren denounced the
war and its authors. He was actively eru
gnged with the'Federalists" hi disparaging
Mr. Madison, and in untiring efforts to de
feat his re-election.'" " ' ; -r ' :
A that time the Legislature of tlie State
of Now York chose tlie Presidential Elec
tors Mr Van Buren was, a member-of
tho legislature. The Electors were cho
sen viva voce. Each member rose in his
place and read off the ticket Tor which he
voted ; the clerk taking down the names of
the persons voted lor, and ; by whom,
and 'tlicn entering thera unoti? the iour-
naL There could be no mistake, there.
fore, as to. whom the members oted for.
War had now bcenlraging for nearly five
momhsf Thedisastcrrvrtiictrthe country
had experienced, "were well calculated to
awaken the national Jeelings of every pntri
otic American, and to prompt him (if he
had any sympathies in common with the
Administration) to act in concert with, aud
give his suiiport to it - What was Mr. Van
Burcn's course of conduct at this eventful
period? . . ' w . -
On the 3d November,' 1811, the Legis
lature of New York convened in the city
of Albany. It was a special session, held
for the purpose of appointing Presidential
electors, On the-evening-of -the- 4tbra.
caucus was held in the Senate chamber, for
purpose of designating candiaates to be
voted" for as Electors. .There were three
parties in the Legislature. ; First. The
Democratic iwrty, the friends and support-
ers of Mr; Madison and the vnt. '; Second.
Tho party which lias since acquired, and
is in possession of the administration of the
Federal Govenirnent--lfei now s
then, Democrats, consblidationists, the ad
vocates or Kxecutive power, proiesswg
economy, but practising extravagance.
And third, The high toned .federal party.
The two first met in caucus together.
s m r Vi
Ureat violence ensued. wr. van iiuren,
in a siiecch of some length assailed with
virulence", Mr. Madisorj j the statesman of
the South, the war and all its supporters,
lie then lauded, in a most fulsome manner,
the Presidential i candidate of (he "Essex
Junto," and avowed his determinauon to
support tliat candidate, which pledge he re.
deemed.". ..He was replied to by General
Root; now in the Senate of New York, by
tbj late Chancellor Sanford, apd by others.
Gen. Root, snd tlie other friends of Mr.
Madison, finding themselvesin a"minority,
withdrew from the caucus. Each of these
parties separately "nominated their candi
dates for Presidential electors t and on the
0th of November, 1812, with Mr., Van Bu
rcn's influence and vote, electors for the
"peace party candidate werechosenrr
Such was Mr. Van Buren's position, pre
ceding" and during the first year of the war.
Subsequently, when Mr. Madisonhad been
re-elected," when brighter prospects began
to dawWon uW path of glory which was
opening before us when he had received
from the Government liberal , fees as a
Judcc Advocate, and when certain other
good causes thereunto moving him,' had
lt..n r.- aA!w itA m.lilir,1.r AnAnmA
the Federal party, and by an adroit sorner-.
set. was found in the ranks ot the IJernoc
rncy; but not during the' year 1812-4 I
will pursue this subject no turtner.- inese
facts t matters of record. ..:
. The Abolitionists h&ve had an exquisite
time of it here, according to tlie current
rumors. rIn our notice on Wednesday, we
loft their' conventicle in the midst of! a
squabble respecting the right of -women.
Thediscussion was adjourned over from
Tuesday night until Wednesday ; Captain
Garrison,' with his motley host of black
and white males and females, was victori
ous: Other questions were then started for
f disputation--4 abstract questions -of -reli.
i i:.: j . i vt i : .u:
gum, puiiuvi, cuiu iiwiaia,' iiaviug. uuuiiug
to do with abolition. Meantime j - Artlmr
Tappan declined a re-election as President,
anil Lewis Tappan, with a body of some
one hundred and fifty of the more rational
part of the concern, withdrew and organ
ized another society to be called the Airier
can and Foreign Anti-slavery Society. On
the whole, it would seem that this hopeful,
or. rather hopeless concern, is pretty much
broken up.' .Divided among themselves,
they will be powerless for evil as they have
been for good ; and the Garrison division,
by tar the most numerous and contempti
ble, will be considered even too . inconside
rable as well as despicable to be laughed at
. . : . - iV. Y. LommercmL
, Votes forPhesidknt and Vice Pbesi
dent. The following table, which we have
Erciared at the expense of some labor; will
b found useful for reference. It exhibits
the electoral votes given for the prominent
candidates for President and Vice Presi- j
dent of tlie United States, at the difierent
elections since General Washington a re
tirement. , . . r .4
1796. J. Adams 71, T. Jefferson 68.
Vice President. T. Pinckney 58, Aaron
Burr 50. -i .' ' ' .
.1800. President T. Jefferson 73, J.
Adams 64. Vice President.: A. Burr 73,
T. Pinckney 58. " .
1804. President- T. Jefferson 162,
Charles C. Pinckney14. Vice President
G. Clinton 163, R. King 14.
; ISO President I. Madison 152, C.
C. Pinckney 45. Vice President G.
Clinton 118, R. King 47 ...
1HI2. i fresident 3. Madison 127, De
Witt Clinton 89. Vice President E.
Gerry 128, Ingcrsoll 58. ;
1816. President J. Monroe 183. R.
King 34. Vice President D. D.Tomp
kins 113, opposition scattering. .
! IB20. J -Monroe 218, no opposition
except , one vote given from New Hamp
shire. , Vice President D. R Tompkins
212, opposition divided. .
1824. Andrew1 Jackson 99. John Q.
Adams 84. William II. Crawford 41. H
Clay, 37. . - ; ' '-' ' V '
1828. President A. Jackson 178TJ:
Q. Adams 83. Vice President
Calhoun 173, It Rush 83
1832. President A. Jackson 219, H.
Clay 49, John Floyd 11 r VVHliam Wirt 7;
Vice President ? Martin Van Buren 189.
liee 11 ; Levi Llmaker 7.
1836. President" Martin Van Buren
170, William II. Harrison 73, Hugh
L.-White 26ji W. P. Mangum 11, Daniel
Webster. 14. Vice President Richard
M. Johnson 147, Francis Grainger 63,
scattering b. -
PtoviDEimaL . EscrB.-??-Some of the
most remarkable cases of Providential pre
servation, of- which we have ever heard.
occurred on Wednesday and Thursday of
uie riooa. men were rescued almost nu.
raculously Jrom ijhe jrerxjawstileath.
Among the many thus saved, were Mr.
Kernaghan, Mr". Malitr, and the junior Ed
itor of the Journal. The two first were
thrown from their horses, after the bridge
nau noaiea away irom tne crossing of (Jen.
ire at txoo street, and ran the very nar
rowest risk of drowning; and our 'junior
had to do some Mtall" swimming to keep
"above water," for the benefit of his pat.
rons. '. He "stemmed the torrent" which
rushed over the embankment leading to the
bridge, when it was running about' ten
knots an hour; and we, the senior editor
have heard himyttaiThencryTJl'hara
times" will fall upon his' ear hereafter as
mere "tinkling brass and a sounding cym-
mu. . rrovmence nas oeen rnosl rnereilul
towards us, and let us be thaikfiiiL '
. M L ' JlhMurndi
- ;" - :
JtherUleJune 10, 1810.'
TEH!U-Twi Dollin ind Fifty Cents ii id-
Tince, tr Three Doiian u m eipirauon
f the Mbscription yew.' -
At wi nave just entered fh (Editorial ranka.
and hardly yet reooynixed as brethren ia "full kU
lowahip," it may be looked upon at premature In
s to take exceptions to the eourae jsmucd by a
great portioa of the political prea at the praaent
day; nevertheleai we Wul venture few 'thought
which we wiah to pea for what oar readers may
consider them worth. :;:1Z1L1: . .U
We are decidedly oppoaed to the high and ana.
eual political excitement Jhaf with inereaeinf
atrenglh and velocity ia weeping over our coua.
try from one extremity to the other. .We ere op
poaed to it becauae we believe ia the first place,' it
ia unnecessary. Error is always most aucoeaafully
oppoaed, and truth moat efficiently vindicated by
steady, firm and mild measures. Xnd if :'this be
the aim of the politiouma of the day if they re
ally have tftt interests of their country at heart,
and desire only its prosperity, experience, if no
thing else would soon teach them that a very high
degree of excitement is unnecessary. Men should
know their rights and;, their prixilcgzThej
should prise them, and carefully guard against any
encroachment upon them from any possible qnar-ter-.bnt
all this may be effected as well and better
without that high Hepree of "excitement which
bow characterizes our coon try as with, H. The
public press is emphatically the guardian of our
public rights and privileges the watchman upon
the' wall of our civil and political city, whose bu
siness it is to sound an alum upon the approach
of danger, end keep1 as constantly awake to a
sense of our duty' but this should always be done
by appeals to our reason and common sense, rather
than our passions. ' We are hnmaa beings, and
must be dealt with as such, and convinced of er?
rore before w will retract them. 'We oppose ft
in the next place, because we believe it ia- injuri
ous. Excitement of course there should be, and
must be, but any beyond that which prompts men
to seek after a knowledge' of their interests, and
prudently to maintain their rights, is always more
or lew detrimental to public weal, and dangerous
to public morals. The public press and public
men have of late, and are now In many places
resorting to measures to effect their particular pur
poses, altogether unworthy an intelligent and high
minded people. These remarks we do not intend
to apply to any one party to the exclusion of oth
ers. We believe all have participated, and what
they have been pleased to call enthusiasm, ha de
generated into wild: fanataciam, and ia aorae in
stances almost to .downright madnessr We are"
not opposed to- open, full and free discussion.' We
believe that where erroneous and noxious doctrines
are disecminated, it becomes the duty 'of every
man to ferret them out, and seek every opporto.
nity of bearing, his testimony in favor of truth.
Men ever have, and ever , will honestly differ in
their opinions on every debatoable question with
in the range of human investigation, and on none
more than those of a political texture.' As loaf
as each one remembers that he js as liable to err
as his neighbor, and that his neighbor's opinions,
all things being equal, are entitled to as much re
apect as his own, he will be disposed to meet him
respectfully, and speak and act with caution and
prudence. But a highly excited state of feeling
leads him at once Jo forget or despise the rights
and privileges of others, and amrwat n ii ly dis
qualifies him to do justice to his subject, himself
or his opponent , In highly excited state the
public mind ia never informed; the opinions are
then obstinately fxed, and men rush impetuously
forward after victory, and not troth. ;They ere
intent upon the triumph of opinions' already form
ed, and not seeking to ascertain whether the opin
ions snd course of their opponents are more conso
nant with the public good than theirs." It is indis
pensable tothe acquisition of useful knowledge
that we be cool and dispassionate, actuated only
by a strong, or if you please, impressible desire to
know the truth, the whole truth, and to receive no
thing but the truth. ': -i. . : :k-: ';:
But aside from all this, high political excitement
directly tends, as we believe, to deroorilize the
community, which is clearly seen ia the occurren
ces daily transpiring around us. Begin at our
National Legislature, there, where above all other
places, true gentility and the strictest decorum
should always be found, where the whole nation
has a right to look for a pattern of moderation and
courtesy; there in the very place where calm dis
passionate investigation is most necessary, disor.
dec and confusion hare reigned. Those halls
tmvabeengraeed by personal abuse of the low
est kind, opprobrious epithets that were formerly
heard from the vulgar "Eerd at their baccbana-
ban revels, and repeated rencounters which exhi
bited any thing "else than the character of a true
legi slator. True, this can be said of only a very
small portion of me members of oar National Con
gress, but with all due respect permit us to enquire
if me mairiToy "haVe"not been too indulgent to
wards this fewt hight they not to have put their
mark of disapprobation upon this course in a more
decided manner in the first instance, and made a
marked example of the first offenders? ,'
Bat from hence, let as turn to the public press
that great rcgolatos of the public mind and mo
rals. What has been its course? Have the feet
Digs and characters of men been regarded, when
particular purposes were to be attained? ' -
Beckless of consequences in too many instances,
every means has been resorted to, to effect favor
ite projects; neither age nor sex has keen soared.
and hundreds of things published for no other pur
pose in tne worm tnan to give effect. We speak
plainly, but we speak advisedly. We know what
weaay,. ..:'... - -..(L ... ,-
.. -This spirit has been caught by the people
1 general, and now it pervades all parts of the eonn-
try, not a nook or earner that is free from it nor
ny wet, rank or condition of men among ns, but
what is mfeated by it ' It invades the social cir
cles, alienates the affections of kindred, and i
genders bitter animosities which in many in..
ceswm terminate only in the grave. .
We may possibly be in error in Uus matter, but
our present ConvictioM honestly are, that for this
the press m to blame. That has been thenriaw
cause, and there must eomraextce the reformation.
A man by the name of Afexander has
been arrested in Baltimore, chared with
the murder of McLaughlin.
Tho exclulr llepsiWlui PaHf.
The party . favorable to the re-election of the
present Chief Magistrate of the Mtk,.nt only
claim for their candidate and themselves the title
of Itqwblicaas, W abselutely my that the epi
tMkafflicabletoaayboltheBs; and denounce,
FT.Iita. all who do not belong M their
ranks. By the term FtitnUH, we presume they
mean aristocrat . ' ;:i,.rt'-:Vt4i
When assuminr to themaetves, to the exclusion
of all others, an , appellation which should belong
in Common to every ciuxen of the United States,
we mink "S decent regard for the 'opinior f
mankind," should have induced thena at least to
lay before the community the principles upon
bichthey found their claun. - lTua,aofar as we
are informed, they have not deigned to do... We,
therefore, not being willing to award Jt to tnem
npon their mere assertion il not unfreqaently
happens that men boast most of principles or
properties ia which they are meat deficient . pro.
nose to examine their acts and see if these consti
tute any foundation for the assumption. First,
we shall call the attention of our readers to the
two' principal,.. if not -the only leading measures
veoom mended by Mr. Van , Borcn since he came
to the ftesidenfM Chair. These are the Smk.
Tnatury and the Stmmiing 4rmy. . It is true, he
has referred to other matters, but these constitute
the' leading measures of his Administration.
Neither of these, ire believe, will, upon examine.
tion, be found sumcient to entitle, bun to the epi
thet applied to him by hit friends, of Democratic
Republican. Th8ub-Treasury, in its very mcep.
tion, was sa attempt to strengthen the Execn.
tire by encroaching npon the rights of the people,
and placing the public money in the hands and
under the control of the President 'We are aware
that this proposition is denied by some, but a
moment's reflection wfll satisfy any candid mind
of Hsxonectneas. ' v ..i.i j-.l'.V-: i
One of the proviakms of this bul is thatjhe
public money is to be kept exclusively in, the
bands of men appointed br the President, who
are amenable to him only for their conduct ; and
it is well, recollected that General Jackson, in
whose footsteps the. presert Chief Magistrate fa
bound to follow claimed arid exercised the right
of removing the chief officer of the Treasury, ibr
soother reason than differing with him in opinion.
With the money, then, in the hands of men who
hold their appointment directly from the President,
and who are subject to be removed at any minute.
if found to entertain opinions differing from , his.
can it be said to be otnenrtae tnan in tua
snaT . . . '"" . T- -
Though we think the Sub-Treasury scheme, in
its commence ment and design, anti-rrpublican, in
eonseqaeaee of Its taking the public' money out
of the hands and from mnder the control of the
people, through their representativea, and placing
Hexcluaively in the power of the President ; still
then is another effect which its warmest advo
cates adroii wul be produced by it which is still
more at variance with the genius of Republican
Government ; We all ode to He tendency to re
duce the wages of the laboring class of the com
munity to auch en extent as to make them little
better than the serfs of Europe--mere slaves to
the wealthy thereby creating a rich aristocracy.
Nor is the spirit by which it has been attempted
to he carried through Congress indirect opposi
tion to the wishes of tlae people,, and by the, votes
of the very men who, in many -instances, have
been instructed by their eonstituenta to oppose h,
leas at variance with all our notions of Republi.
-caniam. - '. f -V
With regard to the other measure, the Standing
Army in time of peace, ft is so directly contrary
to the vTjress words of the aVuilaraaon of risrhta.
drawn up by the.- fathers of the Revolution,
well as the history of kH republics, that we deem
comment onneeesaary. . : " "
Thus we find that the leading measures recom
mended by Mr. Vaa Buren instead of being ex
clusively Republican, are, if not fat direct hostility
to an our opinions on that subject, at least calcu
lated to advance aristocracy, and abridge the lib.
erbesof the people. h
We next ask, has his practice been more in
accordance with Republican principles than his
recommendations T Ws shall notice but few.
He has introduced the splendor and nuwnifioence
of European pageantry ia the decorations of 'the
mttnaion of the President lie has attempted
enforce the passage of the Sub-Treasury UU, by
referring to and recommending the practice of the
despotic Governments of Europe.' '
In most, if not adl of bis appointments, he has
been actuated more from a desire to reward parti.
aan friends, than the qualification of the parties,
or the good of the country. Ia doing this, he has
not unfreqaently shown the most direct disregard
leuewul of the people, by appointing men
office, whom they had declared, by their votes,
were unworthy of eocuidence. " - "
" We win give one instance amongtfmany which
might be adduced of the action of hk friends, by
which itwiUbeseea that so far from makinr the
wiU of the people the supreme law, the v have at.
tempted to make the President chief dictator
We aLade to one of the resolutions passed bjjhe
last Legialnlure of Tennessee, m which they ex.
prcasly insu-uct their Senators to support ia
good faith the leading measures Tand policy brought
forward and advocated by the present President of
the United States, and to see sll fair and proper
exertions to carry out, sustain, and accomplish
the same. ' We select this because it was passed
under the eye of, if not drafted by one T the lead
ing men of the party, and one who now ninning
insome of the Su tea for Vice President 'on the
Tan Buren ticket ; and is, therefore, presumed to
be familiar with the principles of his rriends else
where. . These facte we lav before our readers:
and ask them to examine for themselves whether
tiey entitle those wboae acfslnd principles they
represent, to the appellation of Democratic He.
pubUcans, according to their undersUnding of the
,: The principle which divided the old Federal
from the Republican party, was that the former
wished to strengthen th4 Federal Government by
increasing the power of the Executive. On f
the moat prominent amongst the measures at
tempted to be need for Uus purpose, was a standing
army. - We can upon our readers to examine the
Ireaent Administration as above referred to, and
sea ii uey no not squint awfully towards the
course.- , " . .i, ..
1 Tn f 01.I ..I. I 1 m -wr
" uiuf uuo it leomana and
Solomon Huffingham, of Jacksonville.
ni a . - - "
r lonaa, were killed in an affray with D. P.
Bryant and John McMuIlen. The murder,
era have since been arrested. -
Ithas keen suggested to as that out tesaut-
last week in reference to the change of the aaa
of the Black Mountain, were calculated to ask!
justice to the indivtdual, to perpetuate wba
memory the change ef the nam had beeaa;
Jt was certainly the lartbest frossear .
tentkms to do injustice to any one, and parties.!
lady to detract in the smallest possible degree fro '
the weD earned, and well deserved rcputetioa'
Profoasor' MiteheU. We penned the article a
question, under the impression that Mr.Smithluij
applied the name of Mount Mitchell, to thVwhok '
mountain range, so. well known in this region a, '
the Black Mountain. This latter appellative hi,'
iu foundation in nature, and is too old aBdtao
wen established', to jsatify any attempt at anbstiu. !
tion. -The thought would be picprnKcrusav Wt !
are perfectly willing to concede the name of Ml !
Mitogen to that particular point oa the Blatr
Mountain, which Professor Mitchell, after a 4-t
gree :sf labor and expense, which none other thai i
genaijs devotes of scieace would have iocamif
demanstrated to be the. most elevated point r
d land East of the Bocky Mountains. L J
say awasured land, because we have long beUrt-j
and still believe that there is one, if not to
points in the same range of mountains higher the
that one measured by Professor MitohellfroBi
forty to sixty miles west of the Black Monatab.
IX Mr. Smith will, hi the next edition of bs
worki nee language a little mora precise than Uui
in his hut, w will concede to him.' the right
pronounce Mount Mitchell one of the peaks of tkr
Black Mountain to be 6,t76 feet in height, ani;
the most elevated summit that has been asyf
correctly measured in the United StateaL Ia a
ference to this particular peak, none will more net I
dfly or cheerfully unite in giving it the appcQauW
of Mount MiteheU than we. It is nothing nwr
nor lees than what the wormy professor is entklni.
to, as" discovery ia the foundation- of right at
over the world to regions previously ntiknowi,
and a great proportion of our geographical nomea
clature wul show that it frequently gives title e
well as right U We bbajl, at a leisure homVtor
to this subject and most respectfully invito the at
tention of Professor TWitchell, and other scienti&r
gentlemen to the peaks,' which, in our opinion, air
much higher than those already measured. ' -,'
" Ia the mean time, an inteemcd friend las kins-
ly promised to procure add transmit to us for paV.
btiorl the farteretting article of Professor Mitei
eU, on this subject originally published in the Ka
leigh Register, and subsequently transferred" b
the "American Journal of Science," conduciedVj
Profeesor Siiliman. '- ' 'v- ' '
OCT We publish this week an account of.
the meeting in Henderson" cotuity; whirt
proposes a Fourth oTJuly celebration- .Thi
we do as a matter of courtesy to the gen
tlemen concerned, and riot because we ait
favorable to such a course, '. That the 4th of:
July is a day which ought to be rcrncnibcRd
by every American citizen, is a position ve
readily concede t but that jt is proper to do
it as it is frequently done, we do not be
lieve. ,We believo tliat the ordinary ws;
of celebrating the 4th of July does morl
harm than good; that the deterioration
public morals, to say " 'nothing of th
accidents, loss ot , lile,. cue that , too a
ten occur on such occasions is poor!;
compensated for in the amor patria Ub
may be aroused. Were that day observe:!
by simply reading the Declaration of h
dependence, delivering patriotic addresses f
and the like, wclo not see wherein it coul !
be at all objectionable. - Anl for any int j
motion we have to the contrary, this is si:
Henderson; "but'avlicn this is followed t;
drinking, dancing, shooting', carousin
&c. we believe that publie morals do, an!
always wiu sustain an injury , and aspuui
journalists, pledged to protect surifcM
the morals of the community as far as vet
may be able, we cannot give it our suirj
tion. We wish it, distinctly uridrstooa
that we do not charge our friends in Heir
dcrson with any design beyond celebratk';
the day by a simple barbecue, and suitaU
viiuuua, uur art? wv iiere oopjcung va u
much.' -: We are now objecting to
usually follows on such occasions.
For the Meaaengrr. ' .
Meetixss; 1st IlendersaiB.
citizens of Henderson county, held at thia px.
mr uie purpose 01 oiaxing arrangements preparw
tory to the celebration of the 4th of Jul v next. f
the nsuaV BattaUion muster-rround. at Gen. G
mousiyagreeuto: - r;., I
. First. Resolved,- That- CapV W. P.- MoW
Cant. J. W. Hunter. Cant John Chom. CaDUt
J. Shipman, Richard Morris,'' Esq. John Dan
imm mciuum, r-aq. M. m. EUney, sq. a-h
Lane, Capt J. W. Jones, E. King and Jacob Sor
my, be- appointed a Committee for Arranges'
and Invitation. . " ' " ', 1
: Second. ReaolvedThat E. KingCapt. T.l
Young, CoL C. W. JL Edney, CoL J. McK
and H. W. Crawford, be arte4 a CoiiubsV
of CotTearwndence; and also sa a committee
procure some suiUhh; person toprepare a BarbM
oa the occasion. a ,-
Third. Eeaolved,' That each of the above sW
ed Captains be, and they am hereby reroeste
parade their reapective militia eompaniea sa
day and at the place above mentioned to joM
the eelebration. . - - I
Fourth. Eeaolved, That Capt. J. W. Killia'
also requested to attend with hie Volunteer Cm
pany, in order to participate in the cek bratioa.
Fifth. Reeolred, That the eitisena of Hes1
son county generaltyatc moat reapectntlfy srr!
to attend said eelebration. ; ? r , - I
Sixth. Resolved, That Thomas R. Miller W
pointed to read the Declaration of Independmf
and that T. UClingroaa be appointed Orat
the day. . ? . ,.-;.''. I
Seventh. Resolved, That Col. J. M. KinxeJ
CoL Joseph Hamilion be appointed Marshals,
that Cob. C. W. L. Edney and Iirmgaton k
pointed Deputy Marshals. , j
Eighth. Resolved, That all Revolutionary A
diers be, and they are hereby rec.oeeted. to ft,
and participate in the celebration. J
Nmth. Resolved,. Thai the Secretary 1
eueated to forward a transcript of the mwxir
ot this meeting to the Editors of the H'g&
Messenger, tor pubbcatioo, and that the U,
vuie Hounuuneer be Rqaiwted to copy. I
c:" tons MILLS, CM
Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
June 19, 1840, edition 1
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