LIFE IS ONLY TO BE VALUED AS IT 13 USEFULLY EMTLOYEDT rt; I Ik ii V ! ' m r Mi, 13 ft d 1 1 M K 14 A i ll of sn Mi tow rk T "! n C k V PK lb k bet L Mk MIT m 'S T 3 f HCffe r Mb. Baa ink is, s Oil hi mi iik. It wl' tet P k f lit, "1 a Is. t OLUME I. . .iTil. ROBERTS. EDITORS. . rttm i-iftT Cent por annum, in advance, or ?r ntinued.(ex, -t at the op No """TE.L.a i;i all awon.L't w A"Tfi Twenty.Five Cent, for AH eomni""- - . . "HlSCELtMEOUS.-. A TRUE STORY. ; . m I happened to bo one Ijasoal interest in our courw, . (nature of tho claim, and tho strange rv . . rtM thn Din . orv which ai.-iomxi. ri ho was a captain of a Merchant a ship, AJ hrinciimllY with tho West In- had married quite cany , Lv f hanDinesa. s. His wife was said . . . - .,..1 havebten extremely, beautiful, and no M lovely in character. . ' . After living With heir in tho most umn m(! harmony for five years, during JL time two daughters .were -added to L family, be suddenly resolved to resume is occupation men ne uuu n.-uiiui3ircu, Ln his vounibst child who was but three ecks old, sailed once more for thd West lidics. His wife was aevoicuiy aitacnea h him, sorrowed deeply at nis ausence, U fimnd her only comfort in thesocicty ! her children and tho hopo of his return, ut month after month, passed away, and ; enmc Lnot, nor did any letters, those in iiUjcient but welcome substitutes, arrivcjto ' t bcr solitude Months lengthened into .ui yetjao tidings were received of the k . luUiiil. . mnA . nfVnf - InniT hnninfT tiU k'liul to believe that he had found a gravo JcDcath the weltering ocean. Her sorrow-was eep-and hcartfc.-lt, but Ve evils of poverty were now added to her " lion, and the widow found herself obli d to resort to some employment in order fipport her children. -Her needle; was i t only" resource, and for ten 'y'c'arS 'shc Lborcd early and late for the miserable littance which is ever grudgingly bestowed m an humble seamstrcas. . ; - ' r A merchant of New York, in moderate ait In' prosperous circumstances, acciden. liy became acquainted .with her, and leased with her gentle manners no less an her extreme beauty, endeavored to prove their acquaintance with friendship. After some months he offered hia hand, lid was accepted. As the .wile of a suc- lsful merchant, she soon found herself in pe enjoyments of comforts and luxuries 'ich as she had neter before possessed. lor children becanio his children, and re Lived from him -every advantage which ealth or station. could procure. . rmecn rars passed away, the daughters married, id by tacir step-father were furnished with cry comfort requisite in their new avoca- ot house-kecners. But thev had i quitted his roof when their moth-' was taken ill. She died after a few days kness, and from that time until the pe- of which 1 speak, the widower resid- jd wita the youngest daughter, t-----. I Now comes the strangest part of the sto V. After an absence of tlurty jfcars, du ing which time no tidings had been recehr jd from him, the first husband returned as moeniyas he had departed. -; --- 3: He had changed his ship; adopted ano icr name, and spent the wWc of that tons leriod on tlw ocean with only transient isits on shore, while taking iaof dlschargH ig cargo; having been careful never to me nennpr home .than New Orleans. 'V by he had acted in this unpardorial !o laancr towards his famil v no orW co. . f'H, and he obstinately refuscdfiall cxplaT There were strange rumors of slavc-tra. ag and piracy afloat, but thv worn nnlv lispcrs of conjecture rather than truth. V hatever might have been his motives for h conduct, he was ccrtainlv anv tluiwi ut indiflcreut to his family concerns, when 0 returned. ? He raved like , a" mad-man i 'hen Informed of "his "wife's second marri. ana suDsequcnt death, vowing ven-I'-ance upon his successor j and terrifying jis daughters by the most awful threats in jasethey refused to acknowledge his claims, jlehad nrturned one of those Knrepulcs6f U10 law, -who arelways P be found crawling about the halls of jus ice, advised him to bring a suit. against j second husband assuring him that he jould recover heavy damages. The ab. juny oi insutuong a claim for a wife nam death had already released from the ,rsctioii of earthly laws-, was 90 mani- that it was at lenLth aom A W tt 1 m " " w wvuujuuj-W WJT UIQ It WHS OH abnVKt nnKnntlttrill nAnwnn V "ng when we met to hear this inmu f Thejunlight streamed through mJo's of t lie court room, and t 1 . around thc tong grey loeks and i.! . h features were thrown into w colder relief, by the me beam which ".u uic placid countenance of his Tersary. - -- r ,- , v ine pkvintirs lawyer mado a most ek: appeal for bis client, and had nn Fn informed about the matter, our hearts rOukr hnvo tww. . . I . - -rot nKiiea Dy nis loucning nptron of the return of the desolate ""and, and th k fowhcld hi, household goods removed am i rarcc t L to 1 consecrato a stranger hearth. Tho celebrated Aaron Burr was counsel for die defendant; and we anticipated from him a splendid display of oratory." ' ' . Contrary to our expectations, however, Burr mado no attempt to oppose his oppo nent's oratory. He merely opened a book of Statutes, and pointing with his thin fin gcr to one of the pages, desired the refer ees to read it, while lie retired for a mo ment to bring- in the principal witness. We had scarcely finished the section that fully decided tho matter in our minds, when Burr re-entered with a tall and ele gant female leaning on his arm. She was attired in a simple white dress, with a wreath of ivy leaves encirling her large straw bbtfnct,fand a lace veil completely concealing her countenance. I Burr whis pered a few ' words apparently encourag ing her to advance, and gracefully rais ing her veil, disclosed to us a face of proud and surpassing beauty.I recollect as wcl as if it happened yesterday how. simulta neously the murmur of admiration burst from the lips of all present. Turning to tho plaintiff, - Burr asked in a cold, quiet tone, . " . " ' ' ,3 "Do you know this ladj7w Answer "I do," . . . ' - Burr. " Will you swear that?" -t - -'Answor. -" I will; to the best of my knowledge and belief she 4s my daughter. ' Burr. " Can you swear to the identity?" Answer. "I can." , , -, . Burr.-' " Wlmt is her age!"- a " 1 Answer; :4She was thirty years of age on tho 29th day of April." 1. ; Burr. 1. lion did you aeoher last!" ... Answer : -..,'. At her own house about a fortnight since.1 1 .Jt. r ' , , '" : , . ' Burr. "When did you last see her previ oua'to that meeting?''---"-- 7: " ': i? .The plaintiff hesitated- long uses en- rand-the answer was, " ' 'lx' "On the 14th day of May, 17 . -VVhefrshowii8TOtre""wks old" added Bunv" Gentlemen' continued he , turning to U8lt" l)veisQiSLJi)kdy here as an importantrwitness, and such I jtliink alio is.. The plaintifl'sJcOunscl has pleaded Uloquently injidlfofthe bcreavv ed husband, who escapcdTeerns of t!ie sea, and returned only to find his home desolate.' .But who will picture to you the lovelyv wife bending over the daily toil, de voting her best years to the drudgery of sordid poverty, supported only by the hope of her husband's return? ' Who' will paint the slow progress of heart-sickening, the wasting anguish of hopo deferred, and fi nally; the overwhelming agony which came upon hef when her- tost hope was extin guished, and she was compelled to believe herself indeed a widow? Whd can depict all this without awakening in our hearts the warmest sympathy for the 'deserted wile, and the uttcrest scorn for the mean pitiful wretch , who could thus trample on thc earth of her whom he had worn to Jove and cherish? .We need not inqdire into bis motive for acting so base a part. Whc. ther it was love of gain, or licentiousness, or selfish indifference, it matters not; he is tootle.a thing to be judged by such laws as govern men. ' Let us ask the witness- she who stands before us. with the frank. fearless Brow of a true hearted woman let us ask her which of these two have been to her a father." t - ;' Turning to the lady , in a tone whose Sweetness was a strange contrast with the scornful accent that had.just charactcjrizod hia words, he besought her to relate briefly the recollections of her early life. A slight flush passed over her proud .and beautiful facc,lts she renjied: "My first recollections are of a small ill-finished apartment, which my sister and myself shared with my mother. She used to carry v out 'fe very Saturday evening , the work which occupied her during the week, and bring employment fox tho following one. ' Saving that wearisome visit to her employers, and her regular attendance at church, she never left the house. She of ten spoke of my lather, and of bis antici pated return, but at-lehgth ahe ceased to mention turn, though 1 observed sho used to weep more frequently than ever. I then thought she wept because we were so poor, for it sometimes happened that our only support was a bit of dry bread, and she was accustomed to see by the light of the chips which , she kindled to warm, her famishing children, because she could not purchase a candle without depriving us bX our morning meaL Such was our poverty when my mother contracted a second marriage', ana the change to us was like a sudden entrance into paradise. . We found a home and a fa ther.-' She paused. ''' .-'A- " Would- you excite ' my own child against me ? : cried the plaintiff, as -he immediately waved his hand for her to be !'silent. ' V--k--f;-;'---- - ' -.'i" 1 Tho eyes of the witness flashed fire as she spoke. ; " You are not my father," ex claimed she vehemently? " The law may deem you such, but I disclaim you utterly What! . call you my father! you who basely left your wife to toil and your children to beggan'? Never! never! Behold there my father, pointing to the agitated defendant there is the man who watched over my infancy who was the sharer of mv child hood sports, and guardian of my inexperi. enced , youth. There is he who claims my J affections and shares, my home there is my father. For yonder selfish wretch, I know him not The best years of his life have lecn spent'in lawless freedom, from social tics; let him seek elsewhere for the companion of hia decrepitude, nor dare to ' ASHEYILLE, NORTII CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 31, 1840V - : insult the ashes of my mother by claiming tho duties of kiwi red from her deserted children." ' - - Slie drew her veil hastily around her as. she spokei anoVmoved as if to withdraw, .. 'uentlemen, said Burr, ' I have no more to 8ay.-TjM'wonur of4he.Iaw;jKn expressed in tlie book before you; tlie wods 01 truth you just heard, from the woman g. pure lips, It is for you to decide, according to the requisition of nature and thc decree of justice." ? fi . 'tr-.:;. y- " i II heed not say that bur decision was in favor of thc defendant-; and that tho plain tiff went forth followed by the contempt of every honorable man, who was present at thetrial.' - "v . ' , ' On the came of the inadequate protection ajjorded by Jbighltung Iiodt,in tome cat eg, and the meant of insuring their perfect competency ; alio, a refuhifion of the pre valent idea,, thai .Metal are peculiarly attractive of Electricity ; ly JL HARE, M. D. rrofessof of Chemistry in the Uni : versify of Pennsylvania,: , ; , In some ofour American newspapers a loiter lias Dccnre-publtshedtrom the London Times, calculated as I conceive, most per niciously to lessen tlie confidence, of the public 111 mctalic conductors, m a means of protection against lightning. In common with many other persons, the-author of the loiter appears to suppose,- that metals are peculiarly attractive VI electricity t.and inters that, when a metahc rod is attached to a house, or ship, a discharge of electric nuid may be induced from a cloud, which otherwise would not have been sufficiently near to endanger tho premises. : Nothing in my opinion can be more erroneous than tins notion. Tho truth u. that the earth and the thunder clouds being , in opposite electrical states, the electric fluid tends to , u order to- store tnc ,cqunionum Lnc . atnuwpliero being a non-conductor, through which aiscbargecannoTbe accomplislied witliout rcibl? dy rising above the earth's surface, which may be more capable than the air of trans- nutting electricity, is made the medium of communication."" Metals bcing ' pre-emi ncntly capable of acting as conductors, thc tran mission of electricity is made through them with - proportionably great facility. Yet they do not attract it more : than other substances similarly elcctified., A glass or wooden ball, is as readily attracted, by thc excited conductor of an electrical machine, as a ball of metal, and as much more, than a mctalic point, as thc superfices of the ball may be greater than that of the point. ISoUiaig, to me appears mora unfounded than an idea, lately suggested, that the at traction between a ship and a thunder cloud can be increased, by the presence of pointed metahc rod surmounting the mainmast. - If houses or vessels have been struck with lightning, while provided with con ductors, it is, in my Opinion, owing to the conductors being improperly constructed ; or having no adequate connection with the earth. The power of any body- to receive an electric discharge-j-is dependent on the conducting power of the medium in which it terminates, no less tlMtn upon its. own. A mctalic rod, nctd by a glass naiwie or entering a mass of pounded gloss, or dry sand, would not bo more efficacious as conductor,' than a glass rod similarly situ ated. ; If terminated by an inriperfcct con ductor, as for instance by earth or water, iU power is reduced in proportion to - the imperfection of the medium thus . bounding it. v Tliis influence of tlie media, in which conductors terminate, has not been sufTi. ciently insisted upon in treaties on electrici ty,' should not consider a mctalic rod, terminating without any enlargement of sur face, in the water or the earth, as an ade quate protection' against lightning! but were such conductors to terminate in mc talic sheets buried in the earth or immers ed in the sea, or by a connection duly made with the iron pipes, with which our city is watered or the copper with which ships arc generally 8hoatlwd , r I should have the mostperlect confidence. lfl their compctcn. cy. t It as not only important that the points of Contact between tlie mctalic mass employ ed to afford lightning an adequate passage, and the earth or water in which it termin ates should be so multiplied as to' compen sate for the inferior conducting-power the earth or water j but it is also necessary that the conducting rod be as . continuous as possible. - When conductors, are to be stationary, as when applied to buildings, they should cohsist of pieces screwed to- geincr prprcieraDiy joinca ny soiuer, ns well as by screwing. When flexibility is reqtysite, thc joints should be neatly made like Ihose of the irons in fall topcarriage; and be rivited, so as to ensure a close con tact at the conjunctures. In all cases, the ordinary, buf import ant precaution of having the rod to termin ate above, in a fine clean point, should ;be attended to. " Where platina tips cannot be had, multiplying the points by splitting the rod Into a ramification of pointed wires, may compensate for the diminution of con-' ducting power, arising from rust.; : ... ,.- The efficacy of the point o points, is however dependent on the continuity of the conductor of which I have already spoken. since it is well known, that if a pointed rod be cut into1 parts, so as to produce intervals bonded by blunt terminations, its efficacy will not be much ereater than if it had no point, because the fluid will in that Case pass in sparks, instead of being transmitted in a current. It is on this account tnat 1 object to chains, or rods joined, by loops or hooks and eyes, ine error of supposing that a mctalic rod must be more capable of attracting electricity injuriously, becauso Of its known Wonderful power in transmitting it will be eyklcnt w hen it is understood that the only difterence between metals and oth er bodies arises from" the superior power of transmission. : Hence, when by a defective communication w ith the earth or soa, the cthcacy ol the metal, as a conductor, is di minished, or destroyed its influence over a charged cloud Is proportionably lessened. t billows, therefore, that so tar as it acts; its action must be beneficial, unless its low. er termination should, .by an inconceivable degree of ignorance or inattention, . be so situated as to render k more easy for .the electrical fluid to leave the rod, and pass througha portion of tlie house or vessel, than to proceed ; by means of thc rod into the earth or feea. , ; - - Thus, Richman was killed by a conduct or which he employed to recejve electrici ty from tlie ckxitlsl and to convey it to an electrometer, necessarily insulated : under tfiese circumstances, tnc bead tnc pro . . ...... .. fessor beina- about a foot from tlie conduct or, he becamea part of tliechanncl of com. mumcation with the carfhr llad the appa ratus been surrounded by a cage m wire, and this duly connected with a mctalic rod soldered to a slieet of metal buried in the earth, Richman might have made his ob servations with pefect "security. That, with due precaution, experiments analogous tor his are not productive of. injury- to thc Operator, is rendered evident by. the sub joined quotation from Singers electricity. 1 must premise, that tho apparatus, by mcalis of which tlie phenomena alluded to were produced , conuisted of a Wire a mile long, supported and insulated, upon very the electrician, Andrew Crosse; Esq. "-The approach ofcjwtrged cAwcrTprov duces sometimes positive, and at others nc. original character, tlie effect gradually in. creases to a certain extent, tlien decreas. es, and disappears, and is followed by thc opposite signs, which gradually extend be vond the former maximum then decrease. terminate, and are agnm followed by the original electricity. Tliese alterations arc sometimes numerous, and arc more or less rapid on different occasions ; tlicy usually increase in intensity at each repetition, and at last a full dense stream of sparks, is sues from thc atmospherical conductor to the receiving ball, stopping at Intervals, but returning with redoubled force." In this state a strong current of air proceeds from the wire and its connected apparatus ; and none but a spectator can conceive the awfuli though sublime effect, of such phe nomcna. At every flash of lightning, an explosive stream, accompanied by a pecu liar noise, passes between the balls of the apparatus, and enlightens most brilliantly, every surrounding object, whilst these cf. fects are heightened by the successive peals of thunder, and by the consciousness of so near an approach to its cause. "JJunng the display of electric power, so awful to an ordinary observer, the elec trician sits quietly in front of-tlie appara tus, conducts tlie lightning in any required direction, and employs it to fuse wires, de compose fluids, or fire ir.fianiuble substan ces : and wlien tho efiects are too ful.v to attend to such evperimcnts securely, ho - connects the insulated' wire with Use ground, and transmits thc accumu lated electricity with silence and with safe. ty." . --.Ttitia,ahalleommuiiictiii(rwith thc rarth, bj an adequte metahc conductor. ' . I WURCIMONIALS. . ,?ty. bt ao. lewis cass. . y r . A most instructive i as well as amusing, chapter might he written hpbn the history of these (Jourt ceremonials, existing and extinct which have heretofore controlled in a greater or.less degree, t!ie,destmies of nations. 1 have beentold by one who spoke from his personal recollection, tliat when the ufilortunate Marie Antoinette entered the French Court. she manifested aiiixed feeling of dislike and contempt for the rigid Teuqtiette which; prevailed there; and sought, in the gayety of her heart, to withdraw hciJf fnm ite bsenancOL blie fJconsidered this disenchantment as the first in her long sene of misfortunes, and as tlie commencement of that system of oblo quy, which pursued her with relentless fu ry, till it laid her head upon the scaffold. I can well appreciate her feelings in desiring to "walk abroad, into nature out of the ar tificial atmosphere in which she lived. But I must confess, that I surveyed wjth sur- trine one place associated by tradition with lt name, and w hich assuredly-1 should have thought presented the last scene a young, beautiful, and accomplished woman would desire to visitf rnis.was a stone bench in-the-catacombs tinder the-city of far is, which our guide told us bad been constructed for the temporary reposeof the Queen and the gay and gallant Count d'Artois, when examining that impressive repository of tho mortal remains of many generations which have died in this great city. You know these immense excava tions extend under a considerable part of tlie capital, and that they, have no doubt furnished its building materials, since the earliest times, They are no longer work ed, because the. streets and many of ,the hraisea having been undermined, the sur fiico of the ground as well as buildings oc-' casionally fell in, and the government felt it necessary; to chock the farther progress of the eviL Pillars have been constructed in the roost exposed situations, and as it is some time since I have hoard of any acci dents, I presume there are no farther ap prehensions, lnc entrance ; is secured , and admittance fit obtained with some diffi culty; for in Europe the public authorities are. more careful of life than we are, and persons having been separated from the guides have become lost and perished in tjiia vast field of the dead. WJiat end can be more frightful! , To wander iritmis im mense charnel-house, surrounded by the most revolting emblems of mortality, to perish in the midst of departed generations, is terrible indeed. The bones are all ar ranged with horrible symmetry. Pillar af ter pillar, and wall after Wall, of arms and legs and ribs, hedge in tho visitor, and form a narrow patbalong. which he follows the guiuu luHupressive silence. ; Ana as uie lorcnps wiucn are cameo, ana wiucn a lone light up.tliesc regions impenetrable to day, sited their feeble and flickering rays upon these sad memorials of humanity, thc scene is painful' beyond description. And then come tho columns of sculls, and" you may almost fancy , as thc titlul light stnkes them , that they arengriniring uponrTOff ith dia bolical malice. The whole cavern resem bles the Valley of tho Shadow of Death, so powerfully" described by tho prophet, Ten dered still more strange by( the; display of a kind of taste in tlie arrangement of thc materials. " T breathcd freer when tho portal of this great tomb closed behind me. In one- of Victor I Iugo's plays, - Ruy Clas, tltcse antiquated Court ceremonials are most happily hit off; and tlie effort is so good, tliat I am tempted to transcribe a passage. Tho scene is in Simin, where sfictraiceho ougliriofor 35jU?cDild that ono of its Kings was almost burnt to death, because the established usage pro hibited his removal from a large fire witli- it-tho aid of the proper officer. ' Tlic,Quccn. "I wish to go out" The Duchess of Alberqucrque, making a profound sal utation,4! When, tlie Queen goes out, each door must be opened by a Grandee of Spain, having a right to carry a key. Such, is die rule. . .But no G mo dee can be present at tlie palace at this hour," ' , . X The Queen. " Tlicn I am shut up,. I am to be filled." . 1.. . The Dutchess, witli anotlicr re re re nee. "I am Camcrara Mayor. , I fulfil tlie duties of my office," , . The Queen, afler a moment of silence. "Quick, my ladies, bring cards, and let us play." The Dutchess, to tho ladies. - "Dont move, Indies." Then rising and making a reverence to the Queen, she adds: "Her Maiesty cannot play, according to tlie es tablished ceremonial, except with Kings, or the relations of Kings. C The Queen, in a passion. "Well, bring these relations. . .. , i The Duchess, making tlie sign of. thc cross., "uod has not given any to the reigning King. ,The Queen mother is dead, and he is alone at present. - -' -4-TAe Queenr " Let tliem wrve me some thing to eat Castilda, I invito you to cat with mo. , . " , i he lmchess, making a reverence. Dowers-tWhrttthtrKinsis not present, tlie Queen cats alone. " The Qiicfa, fosinglill patience. ' " Oh my God, what shall I do! I can't go out, nor play; nor eat as 1 would. Une year as a Queen is enough to kill mc." A song is heard, outside tlie palace. The Queen ; to Castilda. "The wood is hot thick here this window looks out on the country let us try to see tlie singers." The Duchess, Making a reverence, "A Queen of Spain ought not to look out of tlie window." But the imagination of the author has not equalled the record of history. In thc absurdity of these observances, "truth is strange,. stranger tlian fiction."- - When Marie Antoinette arnvciTon the frontiers of France, to espouse the Dauphin, she Jj!as diyestedfafLhcr-id pitched for that purpose, and then habited in a French suit. , " Even Napoleon was led away by his penchant7 for these trifles to re-establish their observance at his Court; and it L well known tliat at tlie coronation of the Empress there was quite a family scene, because he. msistcd that her tram should be borne by his crowned sisters. Under; tlie" ancient regime,' the right to have both folding doors throwjn ojien, or to sit upon a tabouret, which is a cushioned stool, was one of the greatest honors a sub ject could aspire to, and excited more sen- sation than 'many a political event atlecting the prosperity of tlie kingdom, r On par ticular davs the King dined in public, when the principal personages of thj Court and the Kingdom were seen standing at bis chair, holding plates and towels under their arms and m their hands Burke says.-that one of his predecessors in reform , Lord Talbot , failed in his' efforts, ert was a Member of Parliament" l do not .know if the importance of thjs office has diminished since that day, but as I find, that even in the Red Book for 1840,' thc Chief Cot, thc First Master ' Cook, the Second, Master Cook, and the Third Mas. ter Cook, are all designated as Esquires, I may presume it is yet-considered sufficient ly honorable for a Member of Parliament to turn tho King's spit I In Scotland, Sir VAnstruthcr, a Baronet, is hereditary NUMBER 9. carver,' having the rightj standing at a side 4 table, to cut up the meats; and Sir James Carnegie is hereditary cup-bearer; to wait x upon tlie King when he desires to drink. I find one appointment id the Red Book. which I trust, during the reign of a Queen, ana lor the- sake of conjugal happiness, will be a sinecure that of leather breeches maker to her Majesty!; .- G i England may well afford to sweep away what Mr. Burke called these "incumbran- ces and nuisances,' which are as oflensivo -to true taste as they are incompatible with r" true dignity She has justly earned for j nerscit as proud a name in the world, that her Institutions need no false tinsel to set -them off, nor ber high personages any bar barous and antique offices, to shelter them fronj general observance, or to give them -' factitious elevation. Tho period of mysS1 uncnuon w passing awaj. .. t . THE Sin-TREIS III V HILL. . AN ACT to provide for die collection, s safekeeping, transfer, and disbursement of tho public revenue: ,y 1 'Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Statei' of m America, in Congress- assembled, 'That there shall be prepared and provided with- in tho new Treasury building now erecting ht the scat of Government, suitable and con-, ycuient rooms for the use of the Treasurer of -the United States, his assistants and clerks; and sufficient and secure fire proof vaults and safbsy for tlie keeping of the pub lic moneys in the possession and under tho immediate control of the said Treasurer; which said rooms, vaults, and safes are hereby constituted and declared to th0 Treasury of the United States." And tho loiep-all-tlw-publie-mortrTs wlilc come to his hands in tlio Treasury of tho uniicu otates, as Hereby constituted, un til tho same are drawn therefrom according to law. , . . Sec.- 2. And be it further enacted, That city New Orleans, in the State of Louisiana: and the vaults and safes thereof, rcspec. tivcly, shall be places of deposite and. safe keeping of tho public moneys at those points ? respectively; and the Treasurer of the said 1 II . ... n 7 tlie Mint of tho United States, in Jhe cityj of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylva."' bia, and tlie Branch Mint, in the city of? the time being, shall have the custody and " eare 01 an puouc moneys deposited witliiu the same, and sliall perform all tho duties wwiuiivvl Tin fvirdminjl K,. lltAm In a .'. lerence 10 me receipt, satekeeping, trans for and disbursements of alf sueh mnnevs. according to the- provisions ; hereinafter contained. ' Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there shall be prepared and provided, within thc custom houses now erecting in the city of New-York, in the State ofNew York."" and in tlie city of Boston, in the State of. massacnusetis. suiiauH; "mi r"ivenien rapiils fortlie use of tho receivers-general of public monys, hereinafter directed to bo appointed, at thoseplaccs respectively; and sufficient and secure fireproof vaults and collected and deposited with them, rcspec. tively; and the receivers-general of public money, from time to time, appointed at tliosc points, shall have the custody and care of thc said rooms, vaults, and safes, respectively, and or .all thc public moneys deposited witlu'n tlie same; and shnllperfornr all tlie duties required to bo performed by ' them, fn reference to the receipt, safekeep ing, transfer, and disbursement of all bach moneys, according 10, uie provisions bt this act ,: , -s j - - '. tlie re shall be erected, prepared and pro vided, at thc expense of thc United States, at the city of Charleston, in the State of South Carolina, and at tlie city of St Louis, in tlie State of Missouri, offices, with, suita ble and convenient rooms for tlie use of thc ? T f . I' f f n.i:i inTyriH nn in iiiiiiiii-. iimmmiv lltircitlUI- tcr directed to be appointed at the places above-named; and sufficient and secure fire- proof vaults and safesfor the keeping of tlie public money collected and deposited at those points respectively and the said re. ceivers-general, from time to time appoint. ' ed at tltone places, shall liave the rnstody so hi be erected. Drenared and nmvitled. and of all tlie public moniesjdeposited within ttun uinu! mill nhnlt nrlftrm nil tliA'itiitipa . reeuired to be Dcrfonned bv them: in re. . fprenccto flic receipt, safe-keeping, trans. fer, and disbursement of all such moneys, according to the provisions hereinafter coni tained. , t- . w ' ' Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, Tliat the President shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of tho Senate; appoint four officers, to be denominated "reccivers-geneTalof public money,'" which said officers shall hold their offices for the term Of four ycarsTunless sooner removed t thcrefromii one of which shall be located in, the city of New York, in the State of New York; One pther of which shall be located in tlie city of Boston, in the State of Massa. chusetts; one other of which shall be locc ted at the city of Charleston, in the State of South Carolina; and the remaining one of -jahich shall be located at the gcity of St. Louis, in the State of Missouri; 'and all of which sakl bfficers shall give bonds to-.the United States, with sureties according to thc provisions hereinafter contained , for the faithful discharge of thc duties oj their res pectivc offices.' 4 ; 1

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