"Je fjpqe fo GoD, fo jjotfi Coivofij, fo jjotii -Duty."
CHARLOTTE, 3NT- NOVEMBER SO, 18S3,
HO TON k WILLI AHSON,
Editors and I'bopbibtohs.
The North-Carolina Whig will be afforded to
iiu.cnbcr at TWO DOLLARS in advance, or
TWO DOLLARS ANU FIKTV CENT'S if pay-nir-iil
1ki iMaycd for throe mouth, and 1'IIKKK
DDI. I. A liS at the end of the year. No paper will
be discontinued until all arrearages are paid, ex.
cept at the option of the Editor.
Advertisement inserted at One Dollar per square
,16 lines or less, this sited type) for the first inser
tion, and 25 cents for eanh continuance. Court ad
vertisement and 8hrrtt!''a Sales churgrd 15 per
cent, higher ; and a deduetion nf 33) per cent, will
be made from the regular prices, for advertiser by
the year. Advertisements inserted monthly or
quarterly, at t per squsre for each time. Semi,
monthly 75 cents per square for escli tune.
1 T All lettors on business must be directed to
the Editors. Letters must be post-paid or they
will not be attended to.
IT Payments can bt made toeilhrr.
IT Postmasters se authorized to art as sgenta.
M JENNINGS 15. KEKK,
i ha riot tr, .1.1'.
'cirs.iy Ifi. lr!3. 3if
BY II. I!AN T.
M imotntoiiy .1 ., Stili Open.
IT having hn reioriid to ome eitvnt in the
aurrouotaitif rounlM. that le aov- eaUilih
iiH-ai im ciud. (and ho tjiitl hy mnn da jtunf
charat'ipr ) 'he ibarri r tUrfar lahe-o thi meth
oi of iiifurrntn tf otnoiuiiMy at Urga ttti the
nr gi of ed rtfmri I hank'ul tlwf
tor a-t liftiiiri if 4n npprifiie- oi aoiiM t ve
yjf mi ihe ttiaoe h ent e ntnu a aht'e nf
f.atrnntfa HkVng Uieif irhtt d aiitl imp .-ved
aid atalihiorft. fi a a-aarod that h i gj-a'.a
ah ail net leev diaiiaHd
IJ. 3. JOHNSON.
l.itet n e. Aefwt tr53
Mil .. (fli itHff mti . -In
On-d fl tiiiornnitf hi iriin
f itd h piiHt.L fpiirra If , lhal h
rrc ntfr trh 4 and op?n H for
fhir i fimifiitMli iaii. ihr lar f e Hncfc
H-n'd f on M i'Kntn ir et, in the l wn nf Xm
n t, owned t i l Win Ivrnoo'1, ol the Happv
Vitf, 'I hr t.hHfihf Hipti Ij an idv'tta a
I tit ton to hia dune- to reoiter ihe roi'difm ' all
hi pitop tanh htFii ftnif"'tah'e end agferabl. fr.
vif.t trivetltrg tn iht tiioonlatn, and whtrg io
tprrid e lew d.y, atrki, nt mmiih, im the p!-eant
v iUfe a' IOiiir, may 6nd hia houae e pit-aaant
A. K. II.vr.LKK.
V. 4 3 H.i
CllAltLLSro.W S. ('.
FBI I K aii'wffiWf g r4ptt 'ut'y to in
I (mm hr frinda and ma punlte grn
roily, that ha ha taken e Ira a of Ida e
. bv HOTKI,, whirh he will open or the
r -.nttn.'i .f ftrHt nVra end Trevriara liwrn the
Q'.'h ri'4tit and Hie let cptiinher, Thie long rt
ta:ifiah?4 and wall known Motiao. hae tinder,""
thorough alt fatmn itirougtumt, and lurntebed wnn
new end faahi mahia fiiiuiiuf, end faemg eiiuaied
in Ilia rantra of hoamraa. and in tU m -at fh oo
a'. la part of the city, eo'icita a rail from her oume
rona tneoda end foriier pitrona of the Huuaa , And
will av in coorUi'ioa. naihing will ha lait m, done
nn hr part to make tiiem euinfortbia whila in tlie
M1US. A. J. KKNNKl'.'.
Anjiul lit. 3 -Vm
riVIF. rifsnch nf II. ' Hank hss ln re
M. mo.rd ''om Kims' B iiMm to th- 'fli a on
tha eurnsr ol lr A'urf' !'. Hin slfel
TIIOS. W. I'KWKV, Cmhirr.
A,f.i 16 '."(if
.. d m m mm'
'V.'ll.l. pfriii iii Meeale-'-buif Slid the and
V w t atlj.iiiiiiiy txiuMlP and p"sr!i B um.
ty I. and ami Vn M.n 1 Isimis. tlffi" John.lon's
" a iHiiMmf brlarren Krfr's llulel and the foal
lull f. up Hinirs
J.tiurr Wi IH.-J. S9-IY
t idwII it thie
m dav di--(vd hy ifuiual rnaeril. AH per.
nim indt Hi d M thn late fi'in ee n qua-led lo make
irtitneitle artHe.nrnl with the atthtrriher, who
one i euthoriz'-d to aettle the aam
Sriilitmher 1. KM 31(1
1 oh ici'ii nml I ic.-ira.
(1ltr.WN(J Tnharrn nf the nm.t iieri)i
J brund Ih-sI in the Suti-. t igatt unsur.
rj..rd. For .lr br
I'lUri'UARIl A CALDWKLL,
i'hyttrtan$ A; llruc?ttt.
iHK.N' II WR l'(;iiri III.I.AKf ;inin ii
tuff, 1'iiflei.l.eer., V-l. II ii itkerehielsls,
Hi lare.i and iipH. i .inea m H'.'f.
IRWIN, nri;i;iNS &
1 1 'i in l I on -a Vi-bi liiblo TiiM'Utr.
I hK'K VKI'I.Y r.lflhratr-d fur It wundrlti
m W iff i t m j,e , y e D Sf'iifiilO'M dt( mm and
a!1 I'MMittaa ot th ti(j, j i I re eind and lor
airhv PHI Tt HAUi X CAl.lWI-;l,l..
' t I
"Wini'. u lull l.illtroiilrlll.
'Illi, E'ralA.t mod eit'B i.f Ihe St I'm S '
t and O'hrr il i f Oir urinary organ-.
'T u, ai d yini ill n. er !. allium' it. fur i-l-
I'lll I'l'II AKI) A CAI.II M.I..
u t b m
I I'l. IM. Kits' Liverwort, Tnr A (Tiauehnli.
' qua, f,,r the cure nf t 'nit.timjition, ItruiK'hi
I 'hikIi., 'ii,l., A p., Ac., for sale lif
I'RITCHARD A CALDWELL,
"""n,iti!.i. j if
PASS THIS OVER,
HA! IT TO VOl It NEIUIIBOItS,
LET ver one know, that Fl LI.INGS A. CO.
will have a neat 8 I'nK K a-'irrsr tin y no;
d not only that, Ihtv KKI.L OOOD- eery LOW,
and everyone is sail, find ihat this i ji.t.i; and
no kind reader, si we've had a liiHe bmw, I ihink
I'll quit and fn in work, fir Ihai I've got to do, be.
csu-e we have been moving imo our
Mil door t" 8H''i New HIt whera we hive
fin Urge r"ni, fine k of
eompniiiiK rythinK that I to b tiuod in t
Gentlemen's Furnishing; House,
to fchuh we would invite your ettentioa before
purctmeirig. l o mj we
Sell 6oofc oto,
would be tolling you on inure then ever one
know. But w will ey we hive I ie Urgvl Slot k
we I eve evr hd, et net u low Hi t rat-not
ful lo p'eae rmy one end ft; cotichiion we will
tt y to ymj, one eitd ill, Ut we think toil lor
your pMrontg berotorore bftowd a yon tu .iih:
we leve tmru with yi-u , nd if I if
driliitff. low prirpi and good gnodi.
nd hiinniatile '
will inittra a
enntintjiitirp of ihi turn, it ahull b
II be dune at the :
mammoth tgn ot
Aug-ust, 16. '53 5i5it'
iiokaii av i i:ki:is i
NKl'R 4 l he . nt. lie generslly, Inst the. aie slill
earr. inr "fi the
! e thair o'd a'etid, one dcor Nm lh ol thr Jai, wnrre i
! thrv era prepared lo airniie all ndt-ra in thftr line
at the fhortrai no ire. Trv hvi on henda j
Sidcbiiards, Bureaus, Sofas, .
They info'Ri tha utilir. thai (lift have purrhaaid '
the r'ghi ol lf,e fininlv (' manu'wrtuMi g tlie j
ROD BibuSi EAD, j
land are n"w iepard te fortnt.lt ih-m lo any noa
The are crfiin y 'ir Hirtr ! the: old 'ie b t'h !
a rt-gaida r--J -rt and fan i y in beinf .u' tii and
t hf' do n. Thav a n-t a t iern (rt.rn
: iil tngiutf in liri r if hi. ! the aw wiH ipffaiiily
S aotmred pMl fpv ttte m h may do an
j B. it t I N8 .uriH-hed l the Uun notire
I end n the nn e fraoi.ahlf irtiitf. j
i ('! lulte, St-ftrmhr. 31 f !
tiiAMBEUs, ri:iis & to,
COaHISSIO. MERCHANTS, i
ciMfiM;.vmt, y r. I
, . i
J U ) K ondaraignail hg leava to return ihaka to
their niiiiiernua Irifiola fr tln-ir paal ltlaral
patronage, and tutorm the(n that tHey pull conlti'im
ilia tmaineaa ae herelu'i-ra and hold theme r a i
dy to evrve lhir fnaitda end ell a. Mo my f-tor
them with eniiaignmania or lmioea io ie h- al (
their kti! and auility and that no etfnl ou their
pft, w iti im w a n tn g o f va a ii4 ) too.
CIIAMBKRS, JKFFERS A CO.
ri arl,sii..i. . i .. J i'y i- 153 Silt
RAIVKIN, PULLIAPI tt CO.,
IMi'dHTERS AND W IIOI.CfAI.L IiKAI.EUS I.N
Foreign b Domestic, iaple h Farcy
.To. i:M, .lint in ii
I II sKl.r l i.
V. It R.ssis of Alirili. N C.
K W. Ii-n.ua Ut of
P. 1 R,iumi a. ia'a of (-oria
. I MITM. lair of Ahlll. V
AT C.II..Y1 l.lt'M DHKi sTOIti:,
Mt.Xl. AS H -I .M. I.IVI'ilKSr,
I'fHHV KxVI-sM I'tl.N kii i m.
I R oLY.-Mi'lT-n iMRai l i K YKI.i.OW
IMN K IMl M.SI ll
I 11,1 ,S Ali.s'At..A
tVfTf:k !i nl.Stvl t ll.l ItKRRY.
II.!.KYS W (.i A I. PAIN I X 'PI V OK,
i im. iii mi-1. am i' ;t ! IUN I I I I I KS
br I ft'
l d hi ih Town.
IRWIN, HUGGINS i CO,
iN... 1, tcaiiHe lt'W.
MAU( II & HI, A
toHnioMo u;it o i
COl.l MUIA, S. C.
"ali rll.l. Jiv l;-ir ptraonil alteiiilon In lltesltr
on'olloti. Hsn.ti. t'lmir and t'nrn, andaill
at ii sttrnd in buying n v di srr ip'ii.n oi' ,Mrrliand l-
.n reaannahlt term, and so i-1 share nl itairon.
r I'r.m i haflo'ta and Ihe - uifmiiidiriir rmin'ry.
T. II MAW II. J. A. BLACK, Jit.
R t't KB t Ni I S
Win. J..hnlin. J .Ii" Wells, W. W. Klin.
IV'MiM-rsI emu iin'll li-rhid.
I Itl l mil C'll. AlrSJr
Wool, lny. d fXhci m0
' Halt 1
IRWIN, HUGGIN.S A CO.
ar . IHTMI r l. ot iifw inn m-pii rmanra
j) f f Wit K.VI', my Mills II "o''"
I hsrmliK. riKilie; "i I as than silly iininirt In
,i t..l 'I i.m W l.il llin Mm' and 1 lie VVlolii
b. .nl. d vvlinii pirlrind t'er wini h ihe T A-sll
will l pa (I.
Align.! 30 31KI
fIIK N " and A' cmiiiis ilii" llic lale Cnn ol
I e.s. Ilril A I n, l.v ln il-'-d m mi
bands lor cullm-linn, a' d I imMee i losud lir.n
Vl'sT not riect luii;r liiduli;iii e, U A N
NOT bn givrn. .
J. 1. SMITH.
J,,lv IP. Is.VI - 1
'y fit .I'M'..
I I ilin.. iliai uii not iiivthi'ir lown liie.ny,
; th SHUi iniiit, will h.va tu psy rust
- - . . .
uiil ra.pacl of parson.
$. A. II .VRRIS.T-itO.W.
111 I UllUlltl
W. do not know the author of the followim-
pleusant poem, which we find in a recent number 1J lamented. We were conversing yester- velopement ot Ins labors in the Census Uf
ot the Musical litview. A eweetcr fuiicv of the day with this voune centleman uuon the Ice, to be assured of their valuable result.
' Indi.m Summer." we have never seeu.
Thre is a time, just ere the frost
Tertians to pane old Winter' wjr,
When Au1unui,iu a reverie lout,
The mellow duyiimc dreums sway j
When Summer ronie in niuaing mind,
Toguxe once more on hill and dell,
To murk how many ahesvts they bind,
And are if all are ripened well.
With balmy breath tho w)iinprre low.
The dying flowtrn look up and give
Thfir ifUf incenae ere they go,
f or her who made their beauties live.
She rnlrr neath the wood I. nd elii.de,
Hit it-phyre lilt the lingering I'-af,
And be.ir a gently w hi re tire lid
'i'lit loved and luat onea of Ua grit f.
At Uat, old Autumn, rising, tkfa
Ac-.in hi a act -ptre urd iim tlimne.
With botHti roue ht.nd the trpce he ihiVca,
Intent on gathering ill hia own.
Swei t Summer, igh.ug, fltra the plain.
And wui titm Winter, guunt, uiid grim,
Sees uuiM r Autumn lio.ifd hia grin,
And amitti W think lie ell for faun.
ALL MANKIND ARE BARMIRS.
I'll prove lo you, niy frund, I hoe,
That none a douhl can htrlor,
That nil the wnrid'e e b.irbtr a hop
Ar.d every ont'e a berbtr.
So ute ehave to ni.ike tliemftelvra look ncHt
And aoinc bcrau- 'tia funny ;
Ami brokcra ihiivc you in the street.
And only ahatve tor uionty.
Some ihavp their forehcadi alick end clean.
It' with low I lead a are botlitred.
Hut then 'lia pUinly to U' men
Tiwt tiny ure tnc oik a tht Uthered,
To court girl with clnqui-nce,
'I'lie d'lnoy nevtr I'ri-t htr ;
But 1 then hir with compliment.
And ahtfV:a htr wiicn he gela her.
The nitidf na bIw, now and then.
Who i-rf ao totnt of'aprting.
Bolt aop tlf ah.!i'W.mtiiwtu nn.n
And aiiatc 'cm wmle lln-y're courting.
But m?n and girla who thut w ill bo iat,
t )( ao.ping while tin y I .rnrc,
W.ll find t 1c et with Uitt. r o-at
'J'lijt both g"t h..vi.d wl i. m-rritj.
READ THIS ROYS.
" This is the cIToct of shoe making," said
a young mechanic 1 1 u
young mechanic 1 1 us yesteruay, shaK.ng
a well tilled purse in our lace. It was not
said boa.-tmgly, but w ith an bone.-t pride.
We wish to refer our readers to a few pa
ticuiars in the history of this voung man.
ii.. .!, r....-t. f ;'i.i,;.,u
lie I lilt I''iifcti -..ii ..- Bi. iiiuu.iiiva" n'v-
chai.ic, who has known the height of afflu-
ei.ee and the depths of poverty. His eldest
son is reared for the miuistrv, and is we
believe . talented and useful member of so-
cietv. A second was
A second was a mechanic ; a hard
working fellow. The third has acquired an
excellent education alter much lahor ai.d
hard work, through his own means. The
vounge-t son, him to whom we introduce
the reader, was brought up in the conviction
that labor was derogatory to respectability
that wealth was the highest good that
could be enjoyed by mort.ils. Ho was ear
ly sent l- school, then to the academy, pre
paratorv to a course of profcs-dousl studies.
Meanwhile, his old father was toiling and
striving to citaiu the distinctions which are
attendant upon wealth, merely for the sake
of his children ; but still willing to forego
all the pleasures and emoluments of the
world, it his son could be useful and lauded
in the community. The young man enter
ed upon his studies, convinced that he was
the son of a rich man comparatively, and
consequently he w as entitled to a " full
swing, in all the frolics ami sprees that
came off. Rooks, and duty itsen, were
mere subservient to fun. So when his six
months were completed he came home to
bis disappointed parents a wild, reckless,
indolent bov. instead of the sedate, fixed and
ambitious young man. He loitered about
home some time, but hi' father's coi-stitution
was broken, his sales low and his returns
nothing. Starvation was before his family.
Fruitless and equally many were the appli
cations which the young man made at the
trading establishments in the city for occu
pation. There were more clerks than there
were merchants and more traders that buy
ers. Worn out with fatigue and the stings
of conscience for his former misspent time,
with his spirit humbled, and his mind nerv
ed to undergo any privation rather than re
turn without employment to his father's
house, the shop of every mechanic from the
blacksmith s to the jeweller s was beseiged ;
but it was a time of general depression in
business every man looked out for his own
pood. So without blame, conscious that he
had done his be.-t to obtain an occupation
the y 3iing man went home. 1 he wellspread
" ",e . I, ' , u, , .
.. ... n .'...t.l., il. 1 1... l..l, J..l.,l.t 1...1 t. ...... .
which was visible in the household but seem-
cd to aggravate
t lie misery of its tenants.
One day the young man was in the shop of
a shoemaker who had amassed bv hisiudus-
try a re-peetabio fortune, bile he had built
I up a reputation which can never die lrom
the memory of the community in which he A MfStrAI. I.EcMSLATt nr.. On the 7th
lived. " W hy do you not go to work ! ' instant, the Vermont House of Reprc-ent-i-1
asked the man, " leant get anything to do.'' j tives, no doubt anxious to calm their trou
was the response. "Come and leurn myl,0d souls after the i-xeileinent of debate,
trade," said the old man. It was a bargain. , resolved to invite the Raker family to sing
, The pampered son of fortune became the ( before them. They accordingly voted them-
apprentice of honest father . His selves a recess, and the Raker family step-
good habits endeared him sensibly to the j jHd in and sang three songs. An experiment
I generous shoemaker, and the progress which of this kind occasionally in Congress might
iV. i.i i.. :., i.: ...... .,:,..,... :...
. . ,,
I .....v., nnd .in li.il In, on ai-i ii in ill ifl Willi in.
idle habits. The old man died ; during his
illness he carried on the business of the
sh.'p, au-1 recjivsd hr b-J Bervia iviuedlJ
tools which bnd been tlie property of hie
employer, lie commenced business for
himself, but soon went to a flourishing vil
lage and entered a large establinhmcnt as a
journeyman. His love for btudy and re
hncMient iucr"Nstd. The best society was
thrown open before him, the confidence of
hi? employer wa unbounded in his integri
ty, his shop mutes were pleased with his
Dative talent and adores
he became the
sun of their liuie circle ; and when lie left !
' bis employer, in tho hope of obtaining tt '
?,ore lucrative dituation, hi loss was severe-1
Jalse pride which bad ruined so many boys. 1
Said be : " If I had obtained a clerkship
when I sought it. I should have been an out
cast in society, and a beggar. This is the
effect of shoetuHsing, of industry, and enter
prisea good rA'it- lion, a clear conscience,
a ba;py lif ." . '
Xat'hez Free Trailer,
A RKM ARK ABLY VICIOUS WHALE.
Tlie Edgnrtown (iazette publi.shcs the
following particulars relative to the attack
upon and tinal capture of an uirly whale by
a boat h crew from tlie uliip Jlcrtor, of .cw
Bedford, furtii-hed by Capt. Tho. A. Nor
ton, who was tlie first mate of the lln l'jr at
the time :
"In October, 1?52, when in lat. 12 S.,
Ion. t-0 W., the ship ninety days from port,
we raised a larr-e whale. The joyful cry
was given of ' there bhe blows ! ' and every
thing on board at once assumed an aspect
of busy preparation for the capture. The
boata were lowered, and the chase com
uienced. When we got within about three
ships length of him he turned and rushed
i furiously bupon He "ruck us at the
! same moment we fastened to him. He stove
; the boat badly, but with the assistance of
sails, which we placed under her bottom,
land constant bailing, she was kept above
The captain. John ). Morse, came
to our assistance. Told him he had better
keep clear of the whale, but he said
he hsd a very long lance, and wanted to
! try it upon the rascal. Capt. M. went up
'to the whale, when all at once he turned
; upon the boat, hich he took in his mouth,
and held ' right ip on end ' out of the water,
and shook it all to pieces in a moment.
The men were throwu in evry direction,
and Captain Morse fell from a distance of
at leist thirty feet into the water. Not be
ing satisfied w.th the total destruction of
the boat, be sel to work and 'chewed up'
the boat kegs aud lantern kegs, and what
ever fragments of the boat he could find
flouting on the water. At this stage of the
' fight I tola Capt. Morse that if he would
give me the chou of the ship's company I
would try him again. It was desperate
work to all appearance, and up to this time
the vicious fellow had had it all his own
way. The captain was in favor of trying
him from the ship, but finally consented for
us to attack him iain from a boat. With
a picked crew wc again approached the
whale, now lying perfectly still, apparently
ready lor another attack, as the event
proved. Seeing tur approach, he darted
towards us with his mouth wide open, his
, . , -
P.Jerou, jaws cxn.ng tog. ther every mo-
"' " """FJ- "7"
the t0 '" . h.ch wm obeyed
"'l truest. As we passed the ship, I
u"r""e eapiain .xciaim. mere goes an-
oiner uoat. iie am go, to te sure, through
the water with all speed, but fortunately not
Ihe minister chased us in
this way for half a mile or more, during
most of which tint his jaws were within six
or eight inches of the head of the boat.
Told Mr. May hew, the mate who held the
steering oar, that tho whale would turn over
soon to spout, an4 thut then would be our
time to kill him. After becoming exhaust
ed he turned over to spout, and at the
same instant we stopped tho boat and
I I .1 i l. ' l:f.
uu.ieu uur sue, ueep ... n s me. :
One tremendous couvulsion of his frame
C AS I 11 -.Ml fl.
iuiif-.iLu, ami ti is us sii;i. lit: iievei
troubled us more. We towed him to the
ship fried him out, and took ninety barrels ;,ie neVartmci.t.'an'.l from the Super
ofo.l fiomh.ni. lintendents of Census to the marshals cn-
' hen wc were cutting him ia wc found ' gaCJ in taking the census, and the persons
two irons in his body marked with the name enPployed in compiling the returns. The
of the ship llurrinu, and belonging to the utiiity of this digest is evident,
mate's boat. We afterwards learned that i Wc then have a well-prepared description
three nioutu.-i before, when the same whale ' 0f the "European census system," showing
was in lat. 5 S., Ion 1U5 . he was at-' vrlint times and in what maimer the popu
tacked ly the male ol the hhip Imreiat
who had a desperate struggle with him, in
w hich he finally lost his life
"Capt. Norton, al the time of bis adven
ture with this whale, had 'seen some ser
vice," but he freely confesses never before
nor since (though ke has had the buttons
bitten off his shirt by a whale) has he come
in contact with such an ugly customer as
this 'rogue whale,' as he was termed in sai -
lor parlance. lie seemed possessed of a
spirit of a demon, and looked as savage as
a hungry hveim. Uur readers may imagine
i... r. '..I ' ...a. "..i,i i
me villi i !ui ii an cm Muiiiii mm u nae
upon a crew ol green hands. iniring the
irigiiiiut cnase it tue uoat py tne wuaic
their faces were of a livid white, and their
lmir stood erect. On their arrival at the
first port they all took to the mountains,
au, fvw if aUj Gf them have been seen since,
j i. C , Nortn infonnj us t,)at s wlml.,
' m,V(,r ,lcrorc kK,wn ,0 altack K ,ina,
b(lf(ire bc; ttruck U thi case t,,0
1'1 evidently seen much trouble from the
. . y. . ...
irons left in his body, and took the first op
portunity whieli presented for revenge. Ta
ken altogether, we think this will rank high
among the whtl-ng stories of our day."
,. . .... , i
i ft p-
These two lines without a doub',
Flatly fill tl.b c?.jain ju
Tin: ci:ki s or i,-,o.
The reputation of Mr. DeRow, that emi
nent statistician, was well established, long
before bis appointment as Superintendent of
the Census. We, who had earnest of his
genius in his former valuable contributions
10 Q"" ttrly, and who have
so long welcomed the monthly coming of
""-'" y-; neeuct not trie ac-1
1 al people oi jjomsiana too, nave maiutesteu
their hi;h appreciation of Mr. KeHrow's tal
i tut and acquirement. It has been stated in
their paper, and wo have reason to believe
! that he would have received the nomination
of the Democracy for tho aecond district of
tonUia", if lie bad cn.t'itffd t) resig.i hi
'office at Washington. Rntv having entered
heartily into the preparation of the census
1 tatiticH, he was resolved, at any personal
sacrifice, to complete the work he had thus
commenced, and the result therefore will
hoou be laid before the public. Our readers
may have conic idea ot the extent and value
of the work, from the following notice of it
from the New-York Courier it- Knijnirer.
I COMPLETION OF THE CF.NSLS OF 1S50.
I The final report upon the seventh Census
is now passing through the press. It will
be the mopt important statistical work ever
published in the United States. To pro
duce it has required the unbounded moans
the government, the ability and leal of of two
gentlemen as superintendents of the work,
tLe ""g r. putation for .kill in
collection and preparation of statistics,
the labors of a multitude of intelhgent
"Oi-dmates, during three years and a half
, 1.l.e wrk b ,"','t eJ . 0f
''e -d States and has been prepared
e.ollfor"'lt' V.1. ioTK 'h-
nipiuiiT iiia nini inn n i r. t w ii i itn I in itonDnt
tables. It will consist of a single volume of
l'JOU pages, and will be ready for distribu
tion at the opening of the next session of
Congress. The form adopted is quarto, in
which respect the work will possess an ad
vantage over any other document of the
same class published by the government.
All former ones have been thrown together
in a shape so inconvenient as to preclude
their general use, and the money expended,
wilh the object of multiplying those valua
ble memorials of our progress, has proved a
We are glad to see that Mr. DeRow has
availed himself of one clause of the ac t pre
scribing the general plan of his labors, to
illustrate his work with notes and commen
taries, which give it the character it ought
to possess that of astatistieal history, rath
er than a rigid and wearisome array of fig
ures. This portion of his report will occupy
between seventy-live and one hundred pa
ges. We transfer to our columns a portion
of the most valuable and interesting matter
to be found in this introduction of the ta
bles. The superintendent has prepared and
included lu this division a useful uLrtratt of
the result of the censuses from 1790 to 1
"l. He has also given the for insand sche
dules adopted lor rollectinz and condensing
ation in each census together with a
complete view of legislation on the subject
since tlu foundation of the government.
This will be valuable for reference, and will
greatly abridge the labors of Congress when
hereafter called upon to amend or add to
The cost oi i.'.king and printing the dif
ferent census since 17!MI has been as follows
1 7 ! SI 1,377
1-oti 1 ,:ii-,ii'-7
To 30th September, l-."3, and
q 0J.,ense.s incurred for final prin
; i i;i:'
H.l 4114- c
Following these statements is a dige-t of
all 1,A niri.nl.ifd . n ft i , . c t ,n . I n ri s i 1 1 . A fr.-im
lation and statistics of the diflerent coun-
tries of the continent are obtained.
From the introductory details, relating
more especially to the census of the United
States for l-oO, we extract the following
j tehkitoiual extent of tiik r. static.
I Tahi.k ii. The following table was pre-
' pared for the Census Office by Col. J. J. A-
! pert, of the topographical engineers :
: Area of ihe r.icilic sIhim- of the tfjum
j "vr.-d h n.-r filling ih. ru.
cific i, -,Miii
, .1 s,- ... it
I Are of the Musissipni viilli
, cr of tlie
j r,.siun w lier,.l hy me .M.
sour l nnd lot ir tneui ir n s, i , :.i ,ji i
Area of the All.nto- sbir, ir"icr, fi."?,10(l
Are,i of the Atl.mlic shijH-. inrhi.
ding out v I he w. iters iVi I i i ti in
to the liiilf of Milu-o irrnt of
the Mississippi. lsJ.i'.IS
Areaot the All .ntH- slfpi-, irclml.
mg onlv tin- vv.iti rs filling into
tne (iuif of Mraico tnt( of the
Mississippi. I Iii. -30
T'ltil of the Atlnntic slupi of the n timu
whose waters f..ll into Ihe AlUnlie 10".7,."i"t'i
Tol il nrrn of the I niteil SUtes umi t lit i r
'IVmt..n. in Ho-'!. ,.,.!'-!.1."i3
This estimate by Cd. Abert has some
claims to authenticity, w hich cannot be urg
ed for those more couiim-iily used, but we
observe that in a subsequent part of the in
troduetiou, the aggregate area of the Uni
on, given by States and Territories, is .'),
HIMi.iKhl square miles. The latter amount
is the result of an examination of various
official reports from the Laud Olheo, Con
gress and the State Dapiirtmcnt. The state
ment given in the census report. lV-', of
the Territory of the United Slates, is ;,-2:lO,."7-square
Mr. DeRow remarks upon the foregoing
t.ible as follow. :
" ILe tctilt-::: exc- -"U : r-j-V::: Ii.
therefore, nearly ten titnas as large as taat We reserve the task of a further analy
of Great lirithin and France euiubincd ; ai of this able and interesting doeunient to
three times as large as France, Great liri- a future day.
tain, Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugal, 15el- In the letter ecminuiiieating his report to
giiini, Holland and Ieniiiark together ; one Congress, Mr. l)cl5ow refers to the rejection,
and one-half times as large as the Hiai-sUn by the last a.:t of Congress, of Ihe valuable
empire in Europe ; onc-siith less only than statistics on manufactures, and the returns of
the area covered by the fifty-nine or sixty deallis, and recommends that authority be
empires, sta'ec and republics of Europe; of requested fir a full compilation of the table
equal extent vith the Roman empire, or that on those subjects. It cannot be doubted
of Alexander, neither of which is said to lhat tln .Secretary will adopt this suggestion
have exceeded H,oOU,0lll( square iiiilys.-' of the Superintendent, and that Congress,
The area of all the States of Europe is -covered from the delusion which led to
given at :t,Oi,-:i.' square mile-. The areas the suppression of the returns alluded to,
of the different countries on this continent, "thoriae their publication in an appro
arc iven as follows ; pnate foriu.
Square Miles Mr. Iht Row likewise suggests the cstab-
V S. bv detaiipd estimate H :Mi fi.i lishment of statistical bureaus by the State
iJanish America (Greenland) :i0,000
Total arcaofNorth America c,.'iT3,fi H
Estimated popul.ition of the L'uitcd States
at certain periods siuce 17i'l :
The shore line of the United State?, as
f 1 1 vin who il hv tlw I r.'wt Siirv.v is tn-li ifrl?.
............ j r..
t, I r a toliiilfir t.-pni nlul fill e firinrnto vlnlA.
j mcnt of the population of the United States,
both of which we are compelled to omit,
iurilisiiui7 oinv liie resuu wi.traeu out in
, . - ,. ... , ,
each tao o, to w it : white., 1!) uin : free
, , ..' , ' ' ,
colored, 4:it,4(t.i; slaves, :t,2tt 1,313; total
i ........ -i
populati 311, 23. iyi,"iti; square miles, t, .Hid
' .. . , '. ' . 1 -i-iii
furnishing onlv the result worked out in
! -li.J ; inhabitants to each square miles, 7. (H.
EllS. Sl AMlAltH.
I .ll.l'aill .1. 1 Ul U1LU UU. VI HI. 1UIIVVI 1 , . . , - . .,
i j . i- -. j c. . i u o r. i- n advertisement of the loss of a little Spa
ceded to I luted Mates by South-t aroliua . , . , , - ,.
i , ,. . i . i , i- i. liinh etr , answering to the name of entu
! and Gcorma. Admitted into the Lmon Ue- r ' ? . ,.
' c mber It l-l!i ra, who-e agonized niotr.er was searching
i 4 , ' v ' if , j j throughout the city for her. After looking
Arkansas formed from territory ceded , , h . , J , , ,
. , , . v. v . vi for her m vain for several days, and com-
I to I mted Mates bv trance. Admitted into . . , . , i
1. 1 i- i , r" l ..), mg to the conclusion that the child was
i the L nion June 15, l-3d. , . .
, L- i r . . . l n dead, alio went to a larje trunn in the house
1 California formed of territory ceded by ' , , , ,
i r .i -,, i; ,..i.i' c on Ihursilay, fr the purpose of procuring
Mexico. Admitted into the I uion So. tern- i ' f ' .
; ( ;) -;y some nioiiriiing apparel, when up"U opening
j ' ,. v i c ,i ,i , it, what wns tha mother's horror to see lv-
Alabama. Formed out of the territory
i--i:.,i 1,- e
liatihed the constitution ot
the Cited States November i!l . 17-!l.
Carolina. South One of the thirteen
original States. Ratified the constitution of
the I'nited Maten May V3. 17-.
Columbia, District of-Formed from terri-
. i j t t l .i .. i :..
M.,,,1 i i -;w:..:
arylatid and Virginia.
seat of government July lfi,
idria rolrocedod Julv. 1-10.
Kstallihlit'd as :
1 -Mill A 1. ...,.,!
Connecticut-One of t he thirteen original
Ratified the con-titution of the
I'uitei? States January !), 17--".
Ielaware One of the thirteen original
States. Ratiiied the constitution ol the
I'nited States 1'eeinber 7.17-7.
Florida Formed from territory ceded to
I'nited States by Spain. Admu.ed inlothe
I mon March 3, I lo
Georgia One of the thirteen original
State". Ratified the constitution of tho I'ni
teJ .Slates Jauuary 17-.
Illinois Formed out of territory ceded
to tlie I'nited States by Virginia. Admitted
into the Union December 3, 1-1".
Indiana Formed from territory ceded to
the United States by Virginia. Admitted I'rinee Wei-Chin, fifth brother of Taou
into the Union lVceniber II, IMO, Kwang. was left in charge of the Empire and
Iowa Formed from part of the territory that the insurgent troops were w ithin ix
of Wisconsin. Admitted into the Union days of K'kin at that date.
December -". 1-40. " This news bears marks of probability,
Kentuekv Formed from the territory of and the source of my information is as rc
Virginia. Admitted into the Union June 1. liable as any we can ordinarily get inChina.
17!io. In speaking with the British Consul, this
Louisiana Formed from territory ceded evening, he informed me that he heard the
to the United Stales by France. Admitted same pews two or three days since, which
into the Uuiou April corresponds with the time my informant
Maine Formed out of part of the terri- states the intelligence reached this city.
tory of Mas-achusetts. Admitted into the Mr. Robertson seemed to receive the intel
Union March lo, l-'-'tl. ligence with some doubt. I can only say
Maryland I hie of the thirteen original that I think it very likely to prove true, and
States. Ratified the constitution of the that I'rinee Wei-Chin, is the nian of all olh
United States April 17-" er who would be most likely to be called
Massachusetts One of the thirteen origi- upon to take the reins of government. He
r.al States. Ratified the constitution of the is the man who is said to have written Taou
United States February ti, 17--. Hwang's answer to the President's letter,
Michigan Formed from territory ceded delivered in 1-41 by Mr. Caching.''
to the United States bv Virginia. Admitted - --
into the Union January H37.
Minnesota Territory Territorial govern
ment established March 3, 1-.
Mississippi Formed from territory ceded
to the United States by South-Carolina
Admitted into the Union December 10,
Missouri Formed from territory ceded
to the United States by France. Admitted
into the Union August 1", 1-Jl.
New-Hampshire One of the thirteen
original Mates, liatihed the constitution ot
the United Ststes June V!l, 17"".
New-Mexico Territory Formed from ter-
ritory ceded by Mexico and Texas. Terri-
torial government establishes September !.
; New-York ()ne of the thirteen original
States. Ratified the constitution of the
United States July -'(i, 17-".
I New-Jersey I hie of the thirteen origi
nal States. Ratified the constitution of the
United States December 1 -, 177.
; Ohio Formed out nf territory ceiled to
the United States by Virginia. Admitted
into the Union November '-':'. 1 "'-!.
i Oregon Territory Territorial govern
ment established August 14. I-1-.
l'etin Ivatiia- One ot the thirteen origi-
: li si States, Ratified the constitution of the
United Stales December 1'-', 1" 1.
Rhode Island On of the thirteen origi
nil States. Unified the constitution of the
United St:.fes May -.'!. 17'.HI.
; Tennessee Firmed of territory ceded to
the United Stal by North-Car-.. im. Ad
mitted into the Union June I. 17ilti.
Texas Independent rep i! Uc Admit
ted inn the Union Deei mlu r l-l-"'.
Utah Territory Territorial government
'established Si'pteml -r , I -"''.
irgini-i 0:ie of the thirtectl original
I States. Ratified the constitution of the
United States Juno "t, 17-s.
Vermont l" nni d from part of the t- rri
t"ry of New York. Admitted into the I uion.
March i. 17!1. I
Wisconsin Formed fr im part of th- ter- 1
rt.vyf-f.Mi.'Jr.-j-.. AJchk J :-5 t; j U-: j
governments, auo mcir eneouraeruein Dy
Congress, so far as to facilitate their con-
tiexiou w ith foreign government. .
! 1 ' r? "V-'P""'"'W'l"'tIlt has iii it-ir.? of ;.r',.a-
ration comparisons between the return now
published and those ef former censuses,
which together with other matters authoriz
ed by law, will from a supplementary report,
which will be ready during the eominj ses
sion. C'A ;j. S tmitiartt.
Mos? MFt-AVflintV OrrvitRENtt Al
rtiot every body has listeucd with sadness
i .1.,. i..;..,:.. ..i ..j.i. , J ..
- . . .... a . .
0f th,. old soni:. "The Mi-tletoe lJough," in
.... . . r '. .
hieh the story is told of a young bride,
ho, in plavful humor on ber wedding dav,
ran to bide from her spouse, and w as found
... ii j i
vears alt'-rw arris niouloerea to lust in
. -., , , . c
chest with a tnring lock. 15ut a San rm
. ,, ,. ,
Cisco paper relates a sadder tale which c
. . , ,
curred in that city last month, and one hi
city last month, and one whieli
adds to its own horror by its reality. It
"A few days since we called attention to
mg mere m uecaviug reiuuaiifc ner uiiee
. c 6 ,. . , , , .
"""" ,,uu- ll, "' , , "u,,k ""'V
J' ft "fen on the day the ch-.ld was Uvt, and
!' "IV inquintive little one,
',av,r "c,, ,!"'
''"" 'lien, and upon attempting to pro-
furc luoiii, iiJiu iiiih-h hiiu me iruiiK. j ne
cuie luein, iiiiu i.iuen imu mc ii una. j
,. , , , . , , , ,- , , ., ,
f' w,'h a H'"?.J"'d the little child
died wuh suffocation. lhetHlesofromai.ee
'? ,ar s,l0rt, ,n u,r" "DS . "'T V
"lc nn, " 'U'3 l"'f , '
ry ; sna me vvnoie story is one wmen tenos
to prove the oft-repeated saying that truth
is stranger than fiction."
Empk.H'ih or China. The following is tie
letter from lr. I'arker, Secretary to the
I'nited States Legation at Canton, referred
to by the Telegraph yesterday. The New
1 orfc Uomiiierc-iai, m which it appoars, says
it was written on the 3d of Sept.
" I have what I am assured is contained
in a private letter from 1'ekin, that lleeu
I'udg, the present Emperor, on the 'Jd of
August, fled to Genu', in lartarv, and that
What Constitltk.s a Common" PitrxK
Altii A ease involving this question came
before the Common l'leas Court, Judge
llishop presiding, at Worcester, Mass., last
week. 1 he case was that of a mati who
had appealed from the judgment of a mag
istrate, by whom he was convicted and sen
tenced as a common drunkard. Judge Dish
on ruled in the ease that a common drunk
ard is one whose appetites are so depraved
tlilt UP habitually yields to the common
temptations to drunkenness ; and that. 1-
though a man may have been drunk three
,,, in six months, it would not be sufli-
,,,1 (0 constitute him a common drunkard.
but it w ould be inply a question of fact for
the jury. U pon this ruling the defendant
w as acquitted.
Gooi" Nls. Five hundred and thirty
six barrels of Rosin, and sixteen barrels nf
Spirits of TurpeMiuc, came diwu the Cen
tral Hail Road a few days ago, ami were
continued on the Wilmington and Raleigli
Kail Road, and received here on Thursday
last, consigned to Mr. Win. A. Gwyer. 1 he
road is finished l'.' miles out, and this is th
first priiiluee brongl t on it, wc believe. I Hir
readers will be pleased to learn of this fir-t
de.nonstrati on, showing the prospect of ;t
iai ee increase in the produce brought to our
market, through tne means of the Central
llnal. W'e will ail I pnliiug together al
ter a whiie. W'iV. ( 'niuwrrt lid.
I'utrNTKRIt IT Ci. The New York pi
pers state that she new American twenty
live cent pieces have been extensively coun
terfeited, and large numbers of tiieiii are in
eiieuiation. When ti.-t much worn they
are a good iuiilal i ui. ilh one exception :
the mining on the Outer edge is badly do,,, .
They are ruu in in uids and the creases are
not elear, aud -how, ou particular examina
tions, th-i they are not made in the maimer
of ooiiuine. After u.-e they become dark
almost as copper ; but a large uuniber of
.hem arc ia oir - i! .'ion thai 1-ok w-U, a:-!
r. .:. :a : m- . . :