North Carolina Newspapers

    L
Political.
From the Philadelphia Evening Journal.
ULTRA PARTY VIOLENCE.
The natural policy of the Country" The
cause of all our wo." Could an old patriot of
1774, mich as Patrick Henry, rise from bis
tomb, clothed in all hi- human faculties, and
behold the political strife, and factious agita
tion, which has shaken this country to its
centre since 1830 and which still continues
to convulse it, with the most unnatural and
pernicious ferment, would he not exclaim
How is this ? I thought our independence
was achieved ! I thought our free institutions
were permanently established by a written
Constitution, onder the social guarantee of
Equal Rights! What means all this agita
tion and racket! Why it exceeds all that we
everinade to gain independence. Surely you
have not agaiii -fallen under British domina
tion I" . - ' -
No ! ! but. we have ; fallen under an eyil
scarcely less intense in magnitude and mis
chief the domination of the spirit of ultra
practice for every
Ac'i&a, we have lost
TMUj rp
CLAY AND A BANK THROWN OVER
BOARD.
. Since the late elections, the signs are nu
merous and decisive, that the distant portion
of the whig party have come to the- determi
nation to no longer advocate "Clay and a
National Bank." They find that a vast ma
jority of the people of America are opposed to
both; and we are now convinced that i-iay
will not be the candidate of that party for Pre
sident in I844i Messrs. Webster, Cushing,
and Spencer, three of the most influential
Federal leaders iu the Northeru and Middle
States, have broke ground boldly against both
Clay and a Bank ; and the papers of the party
in all directions are taking the same course.
The Boston Atlas, a leading whig paper in
New England, says " It is in vain to try to
bring into the field the unbroken force of the
whig party upou the the name of Henry Clay;
and the sooner hfs friends know it the better."
Several of the whig papers in Ohio attribute
their recent .defeat in that State to the unpop
ularity of Clay and a National Bank. Hear
the Cincinnati Times, a thorough whig paper:
" So far as heard from, he (Corwin) has
run behini the whig candidates for the Legis
lature, the cause of which is attributed to the I
oliow tne
three four
untryyw'inatttC
r : e-
V
CAROLINIAN
less. You have
slaves in your country
terwoven with yourjraine of . so?
habits, customs, 'and (Jamenta'lc
a large portion ot ycuTTfropertySY
am told, in slaves. Mashallah! . j
lians of tho New World am
You live in glass houses, aiyettlr;,
at other people."
A GOOD STORY WEfJljl.
cA sheet with the title of Loconk 'u
1, is upon our table. It 'digeii' v
portant question in so pleasant I
that our readers, tve dare say, rilV r
for copying the greater part of its co ii
An unlucky dog of a Jew at L&v "
would not eat 'pork, was coudnjjp
religion to be burnt at ibetafte
way, the crowd that folloyat hisj
mensely tickled at the pro.spect.of i r)
man burn like a tar-barMrifrful- thfcX.
recanting and turniuofQlItistian,hev " i
lose their snort. wefeTOFSniLy
inc him to stand fas
iug tbei
c - a
meuur r-ay V"ti
if
1 'M
iltl
0
RTH-CAROLINIAI?iJ
m. II. Byne( Editor and Proprletoi
JFVf YET TE VI L. L, E :
i .
Saturday Morning, November 1 9, low-
I
vnncor
7 .
THE MARKET.
pTodacecomes in now in plentiful supplies,
TrHrade has1 been very active in is weeK.
""ijs-iiowty declining, and surely. The
ijce!TOtifible being the top of the market,
far ''tis w&tan learn. Flour has declined
jffso. , Pork begins to come in, and brings
,i cents, eeherallv. 'we believe. With these
-.. "v. :
prtc.es remain about tne same - as
ceuis, gen
Veptions'i
linent demagogue, at the
'imn.cwirvv A the prosperity ot me
country has declined; labor has sunk iu value;
and Driiduce has fallen in price. For twelve
years .we have witnessed nothing but panic,
excitement, marching and counter marching
by the legions of political parties; ball-roll iug
log-cabin making, and hard cider drinking;
with hickory poles, and Jackson clubs; and
what are the fruits? Every drill of the people
into ultra parties, has resulted in bitter and
. poisonous fruit. OuV noble and useful mer
chants are left idle with no commerce to prose
cute. Our tonnage has been destroyed by
foreign treaties, which never would have dis
graced the country, but for this universal agi
tation of infuriated parties. The workshops
have been emptied, to make noisy politicians
ot useful workmen. The farmer has been
dragged from his plough in the furrow, to
swear and shout in the political labor of some
demagogue's club. The smith has left his
anvil to turn political stroller, and act strange
farces on the stage of the factious juggler!
And what, we repeat, has been the fruit?
Every change has only plunged us deeper and
deeper in'.o political degradation, and finan
cial embarrassment ; till all that ought to
crown a people with contentment and abun- j
dance, has been sacrificed at the Moloch-1
shrine of Faction ; except the bountiful and
gracious gifts, which God 'provides even for
the most unworthy of his creatures. Yes !
every agitation, every panic, every trans
formation ot our ludustnous population into
idle politicians has resulted in worse time.-
in deeper distress in fruit more poison
ous.and bitter. Then why continue thU
eternal warfare of ulti a parties? .Why con
sume the energies of the people, in a vain
struggle to better your condition, by some
sbort-iived artificial state ot prosperity, which
even wbt-a attained, cannot long -endure t
" YVe are one people we live under excellent
Constitutions except in Rhode Island our
country is noble, fertile, pleasant, boundless
and if we pursue the course dictated by
Nature and Reason Truth and Justice
we shall be happy ; we shall be prosperous;
we shall be ere at. Nature has left us nothing
to struggle against, but our own passions.
The violence of these has torn us to piece
Let us study to moderate and subdue to reg-
. tilate and tame them.
. We have no- eneiry to our present prosper
ity, but these unbridled passions. YVe have
' had no other enemy to them in times past.
Their riotous indulgence ha? desolated the
land. All our present calamities are the fruit
of excessive avarice, bloated pride, exhoibi
tant ambition, cuipaoie sensuality, and en
raged party warfare to which there will, and
can be no end, so long as our merchants,
mechanics, farmers, and laborers, suffer them
selves to be seduced from their occupations,
in order to destroy their usefulness, by be
coming political brawlers and panic makers.
The present organization of political parties,
is not ouly, therefore, pernicious iu its cob
sequences, but it is made of a fundamental er
ror of our whole, system of government a
misconception of the seat of power; which,
after all, lies in public opinion, independent
of political parties ; and which public opinion
is now arrayed against any attempt to plunge
the country into afresh agitation, as if a new
war of independence against a British tyrant
was about to be waged. The people now
ask themselves, what have we gained by our
party squabbles for the last twelve years?
What can we gajii by renewing them?
k-elve jMttJip-ffft,w-nhnH have Ibe same
lediate loss of
peaceful com-
jsiry.
iutry will always
ianrwfuuremayradefiance of the ef
forts of party, to engraft an artificial one upon
its full limbs. No great effort is ever re
quired to "keep Nature in her true position
and alt the effort of man ' to overcome her
laws, will ever prove abortive attended by
bis stunning prostration for the temerity and
daring of his attempt.
- - Let the merchant, then, to whose skill and
enterprise we stand indebted for so much of
our prosperity as well as the mechanic, the
farmer, and the laborer, all meritorious ele
ments in our social prosperity interpose
their influence to mitigate and assuage the
ferocity of faction, and tranquilize the public
mind to a successful prosecution of their va
rious callings ; under the rational conviction
that our truo policy does not admit of such de
structive diversity of opinion, or enraged vio
lence of fatal party action; Let ns, then, be
true to Reason, Nature, Justice, Temperance,
and Truth, and Nature will not fail to grant
us an ample harvest of her precious bounties.
may be taken as an. unfavorable omen for
Clay, in Ohio." The Cincinnati Renubli
can, another decided whig paper, says "The
result ot tne late elections here only proves
that our people are opposed to Henry Clay
and a National Bauk." The Ohio Free
Press, another strong whig paper, comes out
against Otay, and says the late disastrous de
teats of the party are attributable "to the poli
cy of presenting him as the impersonation ol
the party." And the Expositor, a whig paper
published at Carlisle, Penn., also "breaks
ground against the dictator as follows : M
llay is not our 'choice for the Presidency,
nor do we believe he ever can, under any
circumstances, be elected."
These are ominous signs of discord among
tne coons, and we recommend them to the
special attention of our opponents, who seem
to evince so deep an interest iu what they are
pleased to call the discords in the democratic
rauks. What do the Clay whiggery beraabouts
say to these signs 1 Mecklenburg Jeffer-
soman.
Keep
iTMHFK-EXCHANOK--
' (tvThe Editor of the Standard disclaims
any selfish motive in his desire for a Peni
tentiary. r We are glad of it, and we assure
him," that nothing but his mention of Raleigh
I as the proper place for a Penitentiary, and
his particular notice of its facilities for pto-
curing the raw material, &c, would have in
duced us to attribute such a motive to him.
It looked so much like he meant to say " Ra
leigh is a first rate place for a Penitentiary-
possesses greater facilities for obtaining the
raw material than any other place ; and be
sides has a railroad to carry off the work af
ter it U done ; and then, it will increase the
importance of the Metropolis, and therefore
we want a Penitentiary," &C, &c. Such
we thought, were the ideas running in the
Editor's head, when he penned the article.)
It is our firm opinion, that it would ulti-
njtire any place it is putfiato ; for it
mile
TO
1
Smuggling It is intimated in the new.,
papers that some of the most' violent, advo
cates of a protective tariff are' engaged in the
arrangements for smuggling, which have been
made so extensively on the northern frontier.
JV. Y. Eve. Post.
Tram the Globe.
LORD PONSONBY'S LETTER
LORD PALMERSTON.
Our readers generally will understand tha
Lord Ponsonby is (or was) the representative
ot England at the Sublime Porte, and that
Ijord Palmerston was lately Secretary of
foreign atlairs. vtnile in that station, pur
suant to the policy of the British Government
ot intermeddling with the domestic institu
lions of other nations, the Secretary instruct
ed the minister to propose to the Ottoman
secretary the abolition of that system of white
slavery which has subsisted throughout all the
kdst since the days of the patriarchs. The
minister as in duty bound, obeysdhis instruc
tions with what effect, appears from a letter
wnicit b 4vr , to J .orxi i'almeriifoii, lately
puoiisnea in soma ot ine .British papers, from
wnicn we extract the IoIIowi.i t :
"My Lord: I have paid thecreatest atten
lion to your Lordship's several instructions
U 1T ! rut ...
ou iuu suojeci oi slavery in 1 urKey, with the
nope ot arriving at some result that would af
ford a chance of obtaining, in any degree,
me omect your lordship so earnestly desires
to accomplish. I have mentioned the subiect.
and I hare been heard with astonishment, ac
companied with a smile al a proposition for
uesiroymg an institution closely mterieoven
irilk the frame of society in this country, and
intimately connected icith the habits, and
even the religion, of all classes of the veonle.
from the Sultan doxen to the lowest peasant."
'I think that all attempts to effect vour
lordship's purpose will fail, and I fear thev
might give offence if urged with importunity.
I was asked, 'What would the English Gov
ernment think of the Sublime Porte, if it were
to call upon the Sovereign, of England, to
alter the fundamental law of their country,
and change its domestic habits and cuslcms,
in order to please the Turks?'
"I could perceive, in spite of the cood-
humored politeness with which this question
was asked, that there was something like
wounded feeling in the speaker. The 'Turks
may believe us to be their superiors in
science, in arts, and in arms; but they are
far from thinking our wisdom or our morality
greater man ineir own.
"I have the honor tobe, &c,
"PONSONBY."
There is something irresistibly ludicrous
in this brief and frank statement of bis lord
ship ; and its application to the course of
England towards this country cannot but strike
every recder. The institution of slavery is
erjusilly "interwoven with the frame of society"
in mis country; equally "intimately connec
ted with its laws, habits, and customs;" and
equally a part of the ''fundamental laws of the
country." Yet we are called npou by the
fanatics of England, and that ministry, which
is in some measure dependent on them for its
existence, to do precisely what even the
gravity of the Turk could not think of with
out laughing ; and, what is more, we are stig
matised by that philanthropic and abusive na
tion with every epithet of obloquy, because
we decline this modest proposition.
One cannot, on this occasion, forbear re
verting to the posture in which - the Govern
ment of the United States is placed by the
article in the famous treaty of Mr Webster,
which stipulates that our foreign ministers
shall in future be instructed to do piecisely
what has placed my Lords Palmerston and
Ponsonby in such a ludicrous position. We
will suppose that Commodore Porter, our le
preseulative at the Sublime Porte, should, in
obedience to his instructions, and in confor
mity with the said treaty, propose to the Turk
ish minister the abolition of that system which
is so obnoxious to England everywhere, ex
cept in her own Eastern possessions: would
not the grave old Musselman stroke his beard,
and laugh outright at the proposition? And
may we not imagine something like tho fol
lowing answer : "Mashallah ! may you live a
thousand years, aud your shadow never be
Wrhile the whole industry'" of New 1
wasting away ; while merchants, snip
era, ship masters, ship builders, sailoi
gers, stevedores, cartmen, clerks, port
all who are dependent on commerce,!, is al
ol us are,) stand looking in despair ajeact
other s idleness, with a blank and hopies
future before them, the sleek and caning
owners of spindles and factories still A the
dear people kindly on the back, aud cm
"Stick to your principles ! Stand fustjti th
Protective Tariff." With their Tale infinom
tariff, they have lit a flame to consuml us
they are driving us on to the stake : anufcou
wheu our ships lie rotting at the wrarve.lo
ship masters and sailors are turned adrif
and willing laborers of all kinds are fore
to annual idleness, they have yet the ius
lence to pat us on the back, and cry o
"hold fast ; it hurts to be sure ; but keep i
your courage; stick to your principles: roast
little ; stick to the protective tariff a I (lie fr
ing will do you good.
Protective tariff, forsooth! Tt is a bad sit
when a man has to proclaim his own merit:
If it were really protective, there would be x
no need to ding it constantly in our ear
Quack medicines have always flaming advt
tiseruents.
Who are the great advocates for a Protei
tive Tariff? Are they not chiefly fine
pie clothed in fine linen and faring sumpli
ously every day with fat purses to who;
employment or idleness is indiffereut? D
they want protection? Oh, no! It is forth
uear laoonug peonie. I'roieciion 10 Amen
can Industry! there is insult in the
words, trfve tho people a fair cha k
work in their respective employment
they want none of your protection.
held and no favor," is the motto t,
and healthful industry. It is
the luxurious, Ibe enervate
who require protection.
niui"j wish, to' convey .to our "cotton
anters. ""-it amounts to this: The new
merican Ta'riff has stopped the importation
a large amount of Eng'isb goods into this
untry, while the new English Tariff has
ened the English market to a large amount
American produce, formerly prohibited.
he consequence is, that the English have to
nd us specie instead of paying us back
ith goods. This will make the Bank of
ngland contract its loans, which will of
urse make money scarce, and then of ne-
sity, prices must fall, and down will go
otto ii, aud other American produce, lower
nd still lower than it is now. For ourself,
e do not pretend' to be skilled iu these mat-
rs of trade, &c, but it seems to us that the
easoning is very clear, and the cousequences
ery natural, and we think we may safely say
jo those ivhii have cotton on hand, sell it im
Inediaiely, for independently of the remarks
above, we see no possibility of its rising in
talue, but every probability of its falling.
EXCHANOKf would drive, away ; the Mechanics, and no
place can-flourish withoutlhem. -r
enough to know (and so does the Standard)
that that party would vote, tb a man, for the
Penitentiary, and immediately thtt it be-
D. Keelyn, Who was commi. f ,y,L
k Mm m w I1IV
, tnw county, to stand trial for apllinn
fire to and burning the old Methodist church
and thersonage, has been seutenced to ,ix
months irnjaaonment! Incendiaries, now
do your work !w in North Carolina is pow.
The Next Pbesidenct. The trf
principles is the first object for the I
cunru trim linfirlcl namurnl . K r
- ' J .1 uw V. H ! IV.ll JtJ UllfXIdl , II U llll "
of action, above all local, partial, or secl
questions, without compromise for the adval
ment of men, or the interests of an div
or por'.ion of the whole party of the v
country, must be the aim of the friend!
each of the statesmen who are looking
leaders iu the great strife, and greater vid
ot 1 844. J-lobtle Register.
All right! 'No Compromise of Prii
for the sake of Harmon v. Yc wish no
a triumph obtained by log-rolling with
tectionit-ts. Let there be no dodnin.
lurriug of important questions: let ihe li
banner ot 'r ree Trade ; Low Duties
Debt; Separation from Banks; Econa(
NEW -HAMPSHIRE ERECT.
he Governor of New Hampshire, in his
lessage, speaks the language of democracy,
l regard to the distribution money. We ap-
eud an extract in his own words :
"I received from the Secretary of the Trea
ry of our .National Government, a commu-
ication uuder diite of June, 24th, 1842, in
which he was pleased to call my attention to
third section of the act of Congress approv-
Sept. 4th, 1841, entitled "an act to appio-
he proceeds of the sales ol the public
o graut pre-emption rights,'' and
, at as earlv a day as pructi-
e evidence of appointment of such
or agents as may have been designated
receive the portion of the proceeds of the
es of the public lands accruing to the
'State of New Hampshire, under the provisions
:eof the aforesaid act of Sept. 4th, IS 11."
o'fo this communication I replied among other
rlttnatters, "that the Legislature at its recent
feession did not sec fit to appoint any agent
l)(for the purpose above slated, and I am aware
jry.is the Legislature has made no such appoint-
nent, that by the provision of the act I am
!ciulhorized to designate a person to receive at
for he Treasury of the United States, that poition
Jjo-f the net proceeds of the sales of the public
no'ands, which would belong in pursuance of
ladseid act, to the State of New Hampshire.
NA et I caunot feel myself justified iu so doing.
)ky ;ilegarding this act of Congress as uuwarraut-
Retrenchment ; and strict adherence tlMhe'd by the Constitution of the United States.
Constitution,' be kept fully broadly, spt jarl. cannot agree to authorize and direct that
that he who ruus may read- and let whliver ny portiou of the National funds shall be
will not stand by it in the face of frief or w ithdrawn for the exclusive use of New
foe, or'who would yield a jot of the priori lies lampshirc, which in my judgement should
it avows or mask a word of its honest Di no-
cratic avowal of the creed, the whole crecJ
nd nothing but the creed seek frater
nity among tne mountebanks who have 'no
avoteals for the public eye1 and be lim
bered hence forth among the Coons. Char.
Mercury
A Voice from Silas Wright. A
chaut of St. Lawrence county, N. Y.,
resides in Canton, and who is a neighbor V of
onus i rignt was in nis store a tew days since
nd conversed freely on the subiect of the
I arm. In the course of the conversa
Mr Wright said that the "present Tariff
worthless and badly devised measure.
that he should vote for its repeat T
mignt last lor a year or two, butj 1 cTrta
would be repealed." Ine sarriMcentle
Iso informs us that Mr Wright is conslanf
dvising his friends in St. Lawrence
Ai
nJ f
Lrn
cotinty
not to encra?e in nnv mnnii(i i,,ro r, i : i .
upon the continuance of the present Tariff-.'
since its repeal is certain ! ' '
The N. Y. Express, a Coon paper! of
Nov. 11, has an article beginning H j,n he
following paragraph :
"Hurra for Free Traue The city of
New York has goue for the free-trade Dartv
and so has the State. The great commercial
emporium of the Union is for free trade. H
so is the Empire State. The whias k-ve
fought a battle in defence of protection to
American li-bor and American skill, andh ve
been defeated ; and we suppose, now that this
great couteat is over, if we are to draw auv
inference from the result of tho election it
must be one in favor of free trade. The '
pie the democracy of numbers if ihe baHot
box does not lie, are for free trade and direct
taxation, against protection and revenue du
ties for the support of the Government." 4
DO- There was a large meeting of the de
mocracy of Blount county, Ala., on the 19th
of October, at which a resolution was passed
lecommending the name of the Hon. vm'
R. King to the General Convention as a can
didate for the Vice Presidency.
e applied to the use of the whole republic." "
We see that North Carolina will receive
le sum of $22,!fT as her portion under the
istribution act.
How much will her citizens have to pay
bck in the shape of taxes on the articles they
tte for domestic puipose?, as per table we
fibiished some time since ? Cypher that up,
conies, and let the people see the result.
It is a singular fact, (but one which we
e before noticed) that while the American
ffhas been considerably raised, amount-
to prohibition in many instances, the Go-
iiewtif England has found it necessary
uce their tariff, in order to relieve their
ug population. American pork, Aineri-
.ft a m rr .
:acon, American breadstead-stuns, are
nc all the co in England, unc oi meir
l)(tspapers remarks thet, " literally and figur
at;ly speaking, American pork is in every
Mfy's mouth."
OW mucn ueuer is buvij a yutt.j urc
j)3rofa Government, than the high protec
titr or prohibition policy ?
tj-lhose who wish to be kept informed
eTlhe doings of the Legislature, as well as the
ieral news of the day, such as the skinning
ofjeoons, which takes place every election,
ether with a smart sprinkling of tales and
d jokes, not forgetting all the new udeer-
litemenls, will find it to their advantage to
subscribe to the North Carolinian. We ex
pect great and exciting topics to be discussed
in Congress and the Legislature, this winter,
d every body will want to be kuowing
at is going on.
M
We learn from a gentleman passing through
r&is place to Raleigh, that General Dockery
has been elected to the Commons f rom Kich
osond county, iu place of Mr Bostick, dee'd.
comes a burden to the people (as it assuredly
will) they will, to a man, tmn right round aud
blame the democrats for the passage of the
bill, even should the bill be passed by the votes
of only a few democrats joined to the whole
coon strength. "
The Standard misunderstands us, or mis
construes our remarks upon the subject of the
offices to be disposed of: we are not " shock
ed at the notion of placing democrat? in of
fice by the Legislature." Far from it. We
wish to see no coon who has made himself
busy in electioneering, kept in office.
We desire that the same measure shall be
meted out to the coons that they measured
to the democrats. We have no idea of feed"
ing a nest of coons there in Raleigh, who have
abused the democratic party publicly aud
privately, with all their ability. No ! They
turned out (he democrats, and now let them
walk in turn. But this is what we did say
and do mean: Let those who are appointed
to office, be equally as capable to fill it as
those who may be removed, and more so.
I he standard knows that there were some
disgraceful appointments made by the last
Legislature. Let none such be made by this.
And in all its transartious, let the Legisla
ture run into no abuses for which the last
Legislature was censured. Such is our
meaning, which has been misunderstood by
the Standard ; and we have no doubt such is
tha idea of the Meckleuburg Jeffersontan. j
We intended no "menace," aud as to "coun
sel," it was expected to be received in the
spirit in which it was given. To be adopted
if approved, rejected if disapproved.
" Atogether, Governor McDonald's of
Georgia Message, is a queer document."
Lasi Observer.
Reader, would you not like to read a Mes
sage of (lovernor Hale"s writing ? It would
no doubt be a perfect pattern of a message !
If the people could ouly know what a Mes
sage he could write, they would certainly elect
him Governor.
But do you know why Governor McDon
ald's' Message i a "queer document " in the
estimation of the Observer? Because Go v
McDonald is a democrat ; and any thing de
mocratic, open, candid and honest, is "queer"
to such grovelling politicians as the Observer.
fX?" The late New York elections trouble
the Observer man awfully. He is as restless
as a bear with a sore head. Great defalca
tions ' seem now to occupy his attention.
Does the Observer claim for his party the
high distinction of being all honest men 1 If
so, his impudence is only excelled by his ig
norance of human nature. We do not pre
tend to say that there are no dishonest demo
crats, but we do protest against whig swindlers
being called democrats, as in the case of
Swartwout. This makes several times that
the Observer has tried to shuffle Swartwout on
to the Democrats, when he knows, if our in
formation be correct, that the coons of N.Yoik
nominated bim for the Vice Presidency.
Now the Editor of the Observer, were be
to be sworn, could not , say, positively, lhat
Swartwout is a demociat, (or a " focofoco"
fhe pleases) yet for the purpose of injuring
the democratic party, he posifvely asserts
what he does not know to be true, merely up
on the authority of a New York city editor
whose body and soul could probably be bought
by the Bank for a few thousaud dollars.
Teach your own party honesty, Mr Obser
ver, and you will be much better employed
than in setting it the example of little dirty
political tricks such as you are in the habit of
committing.
ry- In one of the Congressional districts
of New York, we learn that the issue was
made up between the two opposing candidates
the cocjn candidate being a high protective
tariff man, and the "locofbco " candidate a
free trade man, opposed to protection in any
shape, and voted against every tariff bill that
was brought up iu the late session of Con
gress. Free trade beat his opponent by 800
majdKty ! !
The lard oil business bids fair to prove a
profitable traffic to the " Buckeye State."
- Governor Swd, of N. York, has re
fused to pardon John C. Colt, for the murder
of Mr Adams, and he was probably hung yes
terday. That is right ; there is but little use
in having laws if they are not to be executed.
Colt entertained hope to the last, and when
ha found there was no hope, be became fran
tic. ' ' 'v ''; '.?;" - v ; : ;
The treaty between England and the Unit-'
ed States has been received at the ' State
Department, and published, duly ratified aud
in complete form. It is the same, precisely,
the one we published soon after the U. S.
Senate acted Urban it. There were so
doubts at that time as to its being ee,
t ice-in the laf"
tide on the practice of Ai -'
under execution "; the folly, and injuo
a law compelling the sheriff of one of our ex
it eme western (eastern, northern or southern,)
counties fo advertise his sales in a Raleigh
paper, when there is a newspaper printed and
has its circulation perhaps in the very county
where the sale is to take place, and often 50
or 100 miles nearer than Raleigh, must be
plain to every one ; and we hope to have the
satisfaction of announcing that the present
Legislature has ordered otherwise. We have
talked with our representatives on the subject,
and enlisted their influence.
We dont know how it comes that the Ob
server made so many sensible remarks ou this
subject, uuless it be that he had his eye on the
fat jobs he would get from Richmond, Robe
son, Moore, Montgomery and Anson, were
the law altered.
State Elections.
DELAWARE The election in this
State for a member of Congress (she sends
but one) and members of the Legislature, has
resulted favorably to the democrats iu the pop
ular vote. Mr Rodney, the coon, is elected
to Congress by 30 majority, only, when in
1840, this State gave a majority for the coons
of 1194, and elected a coon congressman;
and every member to the Legislature was a
coon ; now they only have a majority of 12
on joint ballot.
NEW YORK. The democrats of this
State have swept every thing, and licked the
platter! Tho AfbaDy Argus? says " it is a
victory unequalled in our political annals."
Col. Bouck was the Democratic candidate
for Governor, opposing Luther B radish, the
present Lieutenant Governor, of the State,
and is elected by a majority of about 21,000 !
from the best information we have.
In the Legislature we make 6S democratic
majority on joiut ballot ; 12 iu the Senate,
and 56 in the Assembly ! !
Then there were 34 members of Congress
elected ; and the coons obtained 10, the de
mocrats 24 ! being a gain of 10 and loss of
2 for the democrats, and a loss of 10 and a
gain of a for the coons. Our 2 were lost in
the city, under the new district system. Un
der the old apportionment New York had 40
representatives under the new, but 34.
In Columbia County, N. York, where Mr
Van Buren resides, the democratic majority
at the late election is 913. la the vear 1840
it was only 188.
Michigan Election. Tbo New York
Commercial says, the Detroit Free Pres-i of
Wednesday brings the first returns. In De
troit the Democrats have a majority of 190
over the Whigs. The Democratic ticket has
also succeeded m Wayne, Clarkson, and
Washtenaw counties.
Arkansas Election. The official re
turns of the election iu Arkansas announces
the election of Cross, dem., over Cummins,
whig, by a majority of 409S. The democrats
have a majority on joint ballot in lbs State
legislature of 35. Several of the wbigs are
pledged to vote for Col. Sevier's te-electiou
to the U. S. Senate Bait. Sun.
Dickens, the EnglUb
ceulljr w im it mi tbtm ocMJUlry,' wj
borne, wrote a book, of course, pa
we find floating in the newspapers,
Mr Dickens has not given everything in its
true color, he pays the following deservedly,
high compliment to the character and courtesy
of American gentlemen:
Speaking of American railroads, their ac
commodations, Ice, he says : " In the ladies'
car there are a gieat many gentlemen who
have ladies with them. There are also a great
many ladies who have nobody with them ;
for a lady may travel alone from e end of
the United Stales to the other, and be certain
of the most courteous and considerate treat
ment everywhere."
This though not perhaps intended as a com
pliment, certainly places Americans upon the
top round of the ladder of civilization.
Chasen, who was committed to the jail of
this county for the slaughter of John Grice,
was convicted of murder on last evening. A
new trial, we understand, has been granted.
We leatn that the Solicitor made a very
strong and effective statement of the case to
the jury. Messrs Henry and McRca wcr
counsel far defendant.
&lthi)iinh
    

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