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0 / 75
. - . . c, - r
II - "Sj-
"cttARACTER S AS IMPORTANT TO STATES AS IT S TO 1NBIT1DUALS; ANB THE GLORY OF THE STATE IS THE COMMON PROPERTY OF ITS Cllat2ti .
BY 1V.U H BAYNE
FAYETTEVILLE SATURDAY, DECEMBER 20. 1845.
Volume 6 Number 35i'
TERMS OP THE NORTH CAROLINIAN :
Her annum, if paid in advance, $2 50
if paid at the end of six months 3 00
at the end of the year 3 50
Rates of Advertising t
Sixty cent per square for be firsr, and thirty ccnta
for each subsequent insertion.
A'le'tis by the year be charged according
t; to the quantity of matter inserted.
Court a Ivertiseincnts, &c, 25 percent higher.
AND TOY STORE.
.THE .,!( flSxr' has bit Ken- the N Brick
Store on the owih HiUr.f II:iy l rCi t, a few doors
a'xive the Maikfl l-tons where 'he is now open
ing a fin assortment of GOODS irvthe above line,
consisting in pa it of the follting articles :
Alm-inds, Fl'eM, Madeira, Br..il & Pecan Nuts,
Priincs, Currnnt. Canton and Havana Preserves,
Citron, &.:. Arrangriin-nls are ni;id- frjr fresh sup
plies of Oranges, Lerif.n, Apples, Cocoa Nuts, See.
.Mac, Nutmegs, Cloves. Cassia in mats, Ground
Cassia. (J round Pepper, Alstpiee, Mustard anj
PICKLES A.YD SAUCES.
Pepper Sauce, Tomato Catsup. Olives, Sardines,
And -o.tcd Pickles.
iJ..:on. Butter and Water Crackers, Soda and
I.-moii I3lcuit. Pilot Bread,
C iloirue, Lavender and and Bote Water, Day
Rum, Hears'. Antique and iMnCaSar 0s, Ver
buin Cream, Extracts, Soaps- .f every variety.
Wa"0:is, Cradle. Chairs, and Baskets.
P.iwdercd, Crusted, Loal and Brown Sugars,
C(T;e ,Te.i, Ciio:iIae, Macaroni, Vt rmicelli, Co
co. Starch, Indian, Camphor, L mnn Syrup, M-ili.-ira
a"d ."w;.;t Mal.tna Wi-iws, Chamoagpe,
Sco'ch and Maccoboy Sunn, choice Ciewiir .io-l-.ieco,
Re'atia, Prmcipp anil ' I a VanaCi gars, Sweet
i MI, Sp'vm 'gaudies, ilnrrin. Brooms, Whisks,
I T.nes, Vio'ins, Accordeon. &c. &c.
A r -at variety of IPDia -AffH) OrVa.SJCD'ST
CDS)-D3 suitable fur Presents, too numerous to
ifnl'i:i. A'so, '
Every variety of CANDIES, at W hofesale and
-.iTr" Call and take a look. " '
October 25, 184b.
DRY GOOi)S AND GROCERY ST4M1B ! ,
ITZTT PALL JLUZ WIWTSP. d-OODS 1 1 1
AT WHOLESALE OR RETAIL ! ! ! !
TAKES this method to inform his friend, his oM cnstorAers, and the public genera ly that he is now
t. fww - . - T rm . T I 1 rfkrfkrXO I 1 . . aril.
receiving ami opening nis new Stock o r LL Aiu wiv 1 civ uuuoo,enioracing neariv cvwj
cli! in his line, atld usually keit in Stores' 'hi litis market, which I offer for sale at prices to Uil
the pressure of the times. I would ay to all who want CHEJ3P and F-1SHIOJ.1BLE Goods, call
and examine my Stock, as I shall feci happy in show-ins my Goods, !elinr confident I cannot fail t
please both in quality and price. My Goods" are all fresh,nd of the most approved styles and lashions.
j. would say farther, .that I am determined to s-ll my Goods a: small advances on the prime cost, and
a ... . . . . 1 4' L t r. KnAn l. , . . I . t n ....11 am .nv ofrk.'tc in fhiu mnrlic-t Amoncr an v afllrlliei)t
II 1 1 1 r I ill Jt u . I Lo-Afctuvj naic uci. II uunm 10 ntii u 3 r n j " v- ... - - . -'q J
... : ? I 1 r" I -- v-
will uc iuuiiu
3 T '
MOUNTAIN BUTTER !
V Fi'kii- piitne M-uiulaiu BUI I'lli,
M 3 '0 lb. fresh BUCK-WHEAT, just rec ivec
1 C. R. JONE, Foot liaymount.
Die. 6. I Sir
K. A. STUART
part his Stock o
V LL ! VI.TK.t tiOOOS, consist iu" o
I tv Goods, Hats, Caps, Bonnets,
j iD.ipnvSc A SeianeUi-'s i-'renoh. Branr!v, (choice
b; inds,) Saddles ol al! descriptions, from Sa ?25t
a- d als.i daily expected, Groci-ries, Hardware,
C ulrv. Dr"2S, Window Glass, &c.,&c. nil o(
w tit h h- will bt; "'ad t exchange for CASH or
1: nnrv Pro u:-o. Givi- me a call.
A. M. CAMPBELlT,
F' r Mi- owt of F iy villo, 19 pr-pjred to attend
ti iS- ..teof any 'ods which may be etitrusld ti
Co-i-i-Tmenls from abroad will be promptly at
t ni!eil t-
April 19, 1315. 321-y.
HAVE lately made considerable improvement in
their stvli: of SVork ,aud have noiv on hand a GaN
ERAL ASSORTMENT, constating cf ,
Carriages, Baroiiclics, Buggies,'
Gigs, Sulkeys, Waggons, 'c.
Which lor elegance 01" shape and finish, and .dura
bility, will compare itli any made in the U Slates.
Persons wishing to buy, would, do we,li Jo call
and examine our work, as we have determined to
all LO vV fur Cash, or approved notes, - .
I Ijvinar i n our employ first rate Smiths, wc are
prepan d 10 do any iron work in the above line on
We warrant all our work to be of good aad faith
ful workmanship and materials, for one year.
JCJ REPAIRING faithfully executed at ahorl
hotics, and on reasonable term's.
rvnevuie. February 8, 1345. y
For Xe-Year's & Christmas Gifts
. Fpr sale by
Odd Fellow's Offerins, for 1846, the prettiest
Annual of the season,
The Gift for 1846. . JThe following are some of
the contribnforstothis wqrk,: H. W. Longfellow
Joseph C. Neal, N P W'iil.s.Gd more Simnu, Mrs
Siourneyt and others of the best writers in the
Rose of Sharon, a relief coa souvenir for ; 846, by
Miss J. CEd-artoru
Christian's Annoal for 1846.
A variety of Juvenile Annuals for children.
Also, Bibles, Prayer Booka, AlburnsMiscellane
ons books with fine bindings suitable for present.
Nov9, Ii45. 354-lf.
For Ladies tcrsr .
C a shiner --dc-Lanes,
Stiiped . do.
Chec v'J and striped do.
Plain Bobbinet Lace,
Color'd Hose, Meri io Drawcra.
ilk do. Merino Shirts,
Cotton do. Cotton Drawers,
A jreat variety ofMits' Fine fancy VesUngs,
Hose and hall-Hose. Common fancy do.
Gents' Di ivin 2 G loves,
Fi'fur'd Can do.
Damask Shawls, For GtntUmtn's Wtar : Black Hoskin
Nett, plaid. figur'J and Black wool-dyed Cloths, Color'd do.
striped, woollen and Blue do. Heavy woollen
.Mourning do. .
Black Hoskin Gloves,
Golor'd d do.
Color'd Kid do.
Black Silk. do.
While do. do.
Silk-, cotton, and woollen Fancy
Black Cashmere Hose,
Invisible green do.
Drab ) do.
W. B. Beaver Cloths.
Fancy Cas si meres.
Mix'd auper Tweeds,
Black Satin ditto, .
Do. "u half do.
Satin, silk, and Worated
Silk and cotton Handker
chiefs, a variety,
Sattinelts.all eolors.qual- Woollen and cotton Hose
ities and ptices.
Lice Capes, Fancy silk and'mousli 11-, Pocket Wallets.
Ladies' Woollen Hoods, ti'Lane Handkerchiefs, Ivory fine Combs,
Lace Caps, Silk Purst.a,
Whalebones, Cotton do.
Aija'e and p- arlButtons, Corded Ski'ta,
Sj.'urtjii &fl;ic metal do Pocket Boots,
Side ; do,
Dre--i iar .' do.
Ciar Cases, ;
SnulTBoxcs, &c, Ac, &c.
il do Pocket Bool s, Joil'-t ?oap, 4 -t
KcntuckyJeans, all qual- Plain and col'dCamSrics Domestic Ginsihams,
ities and prices. Woollen Cravats,
Funcvlv'-iscy. low price. Do. Comforts,
Red, whit", and yiliow B eached Shirtings,
Flannels, Do. Stie-tinjp,
Twilled Jo. Brown Shirtings,
Apron Checks. Do. Shetfns,
Bed Tickings, Irish Linens,
Pl .i 1 Li d-cys, all wool, P-4 do.
Piaid and pl.iin ditto cot- Imitation d .
ton anj woo. Table Covers, ..
Silk Scrt'C, Bird's-eye Olap-r,
Vortcii go. Col ion tlo.
Krimn fli'llan!. Brown cotton do.
Co.'J and p'a-n Silesia, Do. linen do.
India brown do.
- and half-H'ac,
12 4 Whitney Blarkets,
10-4 do. lo.
9-4 do. do.
8-4 do. !n.
8-4 Twilled do.
W00I& cotton Carpetins
Cotton atair do.
Tuflted Hearth Rugs,
Brussels ' do -Buttons,
thread, tape, cord,
&c, &c, &.CV&C, &.C'-.'
250 pi- cea Calicoes, from
6 to 2t c-nts per yard,
some of he latest and
Java C lT.e,
Porto Rico Sugars,
N . Orleans do.
B!ack Tea, Starch, Bar Soap,
Green do. Powder in keg-,
iViisins, Pickles, .Shot, Lev',
Lemon Syrup, in bottles, MacU-re',
P. pper S'aiici-, S:ick Salt,
B x-8 smok- d Herrings, Alum do.
B if-s Cic se. Molasses.
Hyson Tea Sweet Ci,
Brooms, Water Buckets,
Copperas, Span. Brown,
Pepper, Spice, Ginger,
Snuff. Ci iar. Tobacco,
Cotton B . sijg,Rope,
An assoitment T a
Fl-'ear.d cum'n Scissors, Grass Scvthes,
Do i Shears, Coitus tVniV. s,
' muni -. F T-iir.in.rs "WcedirP
Fry in Pans, Curry Con.bs,
Chis If, Augurs,
P .d Lo.ks,
'I iil do,
St. ck r o.
Cast-s eel ha. id-saw do
Slveo Shc ir?5,
Cotton ati l Wool Cards, Drawtrrs K
Twisted Trace Chains,
and S'raiht do.
1 ifth Jo.
l I AU
Cnllins'casi-ati el Aice,
Cast-sterl Bror.d Axes,
T .. I D..H.
Super calf Boots,
" kp do.
Thick kip fo.
Fine sew'd Bropans,
" fega'd do
Fine si'k Hats,
" fir o"
Common pefff d Brojans Ladies' morocco Tiea,
Youth'sT "do. " tl"- Bota,
Men's Pumps, Mias' do.
Ladies finekid Sl ppera, " Shoce,
thick" du. " Slippers,
Glized round-top Hats, Fine pluhCaps,
Fi..e inuakratCaFs, A vartey oPzed do.
" mink do Boys' super cloth dry.
" cle-lht -t d- " -ur do.
Children's morocco Bootai
L.-idica' fine calf do.
Women's heavy Shora,
" 44 Slippers,
etc., &C-, &c.
Boys' selctte Caps.
Ch li's cloth, fur b inds,
Fine Liverpool Ware. B .wa and Pitchera,
B eakfast Plates.
1 x . -
Cur a and SatJerr.
Ewe a and Basin,
ar a. m 7-
Cash or Produce :
25 bbls. Pickled Herrinsa, No. I
2 boxes prime Dairy Cheese,
3 hhds. New Oi'lcint Sugar,
o - r . j
Cut Wine GIases,
AND FOR SA'MJ w for
Dishes, etc., &c.
variety of all Goods in
5 lb!s. No 3 Mackerel,
3 " No Sot do.
1 boxes prime smoked No I Herrings,
20 bbla. back country W hia.ey.
Crates Crockery i5ut up to order, suited for C ountry
Fayetteville, December 6, 1815. lS5-tf.
C. R. JONES
Foot of Haymount.
TO THE PUBLIC.
Th subscriber has now in store, direct from
New York and Philadelphia, a larse and general
assortment, of STAPLE AND FANCY
Fi ne Cloths and Cassimeres; Tweeds; Sattinets;
Kentucky Jeane and Kerseys ; !" n,J lS"red
a 1 rl..w r: in "ha ins: fine bleached .Mus
lin and Shlrtins; Vestin2i Stocks; Scari; . cords
and tassels for cloaka and dreases; Muslin d Lam.
Cashmere de Ecoascs: fine Bonnets; fur and wool
a OL..aV Rs
Hats and Caps ; fine and coarse onoes uu "lf
j-upr. U rally Blankets; eommen no.; negro
ets : Shawls from 25 cents to 15 deHerae . Jm.b e
wool, cotton, and Merino Shirts; Silk do.; Merino
and silk Shirts for ladies; fine ingrain Carpeting;
Rope and Bagin?; Iron; Steel and Nails; fine Su
gar and Coffee; Salt, &c- togcther-with Hardware
and Cutlery, and other Goods too tedious to men
lion. The above Goods will be sold as cheap for
cash or produce as any other goods in the market
of the same quality and atyle. P. TAYLOR.
October 4, 184$. 345 -Jr..
.The subscribers have entered into a Copartoer-
ahtp,-inder the 'firm of
H." W. Beattv c Co.,
For ibe transaction of
A General Commission Business
In the 7oicn of Wilmington, wV. C.
They will give particular attention to the aale
ef Timber, Lumber, and Naval Store; the receiv
ing and forwardin goods, and the aale and pur
chase of goods for the-back country.
They. would respeoffully soften a-aorUon of poo
lie'pattxAiage, and pledge their best exertions, to
giva satisfaction. IK W-BEAT TY,
s J JOHN C.LATTA,
July 19, 1845. 334-tf.
SUCH as Carriage Maker use. A good as
sortment al ways on band, and for sale at one cent
per pound advance on the Manufacturers prices by
..... W. PRIOR.
October 35, 1845. 349-U.
THE Subscribers are now re-
cciving.at the 2d tenement of Mrs Hooper's Fire
Proof Buildinsr, south side of Hay street, an entire
new Stock of Staple and Fancy
Con.-i.ting in part 0 super blue, black, brown,
dtajb, invfs-ble srn and beaver Cloths; fancv
and Fiench Cassimetes ; Sattinctts, Kentucky
Jeans, Tweeds, Flannels, plain and fanev v!vet,
Mtin, and French cashmere Veatineg; ditto Stocks,
Cravats and Scarfs, merino Shirts, Bosoms, Col
lars; n assortment of coat and vest Binding, Cord
and Buttons, Canvass and Paddin? ; brown and
bleached Shirtings, Sheetines, lirills, Linens ;
co I'd and white Cambric Mus'ins, grass Linen
Cambric, hemstitch and silk Handkerchief; Aip acas,
Thibet and Indiana Cloth, for Ladies' cloaks;
muslin'and auper French cashmere-de-Lanes; plain
black vios-de-Swisa arid figured gros-de-nap
Silks; rich Prints; Lia'e Edging; bobinet wire and
blond Q.ui(fin; Piping; Gimps; Italiaa Sewing;
spool cotton and linen Thread, assorted colors;
twisted Silk; cotton and Worsted Mitts; super black
and cl'd kid Gloves; ditto silk, merino, and cot
toir ditto; white and black and ribb'd Hose; ditto
merino Persian ditto; cashmere, merino, Thibet
and other Shawls; work boxes; toilet Glasses; shell
twist luck and side Combs, jet shawl and hair Pine;
auper Needlea, Pins, Scissors; taficta and satin
bonnet and cap Ribbons: with a general assortment
of Groceries, 'Hardware, Crocke
ry, fashionable Hats, Caps, Boots,
Tho above Goods, having been purchased late
in the season in New York and Philadelphia, (con
sequently at reduced prices) will be sold low for
cash, or charged to those who will pay cash when
called on. D. & W. McLAURlN.
Dec. 13, 1845. 356-y.
i HE Subsciibers hive taken possession of their
former stand on Green street, and are now opening
a iHieral assortment of ' '
Groceries, Dry Goods, Hardware,
And such other Goods as thev havehrrofnre dealt
JOHN HUSKE& SON.
Dec. 13, 1845. 356-1 m.
THE Subscriber, Administrator of Malcom Ray,
deceased, will hire out the Negroes belonsing to
the estate of his intestate, on the first Monday in
January next. The hiring will take place at the
late residence of the deceased. Good bonds will
be required belore the negroes are delivered.
- ANDREW C. RAY,
Dec. 12j 1345. 5(5-ts. Adm'r.
IN pursuant of a Deed ol Trut f xecnted to the
Subitr.riUera hv Danil NT.. 11 wilt K ntH
Friday ilm 'Vd of Januarv next, at the lata residence
nf aaid McN ill, six miles South of Fayetteville,
four thousand, or onwards, acres nf InnH lv:nr nn
Big and Little Rock fish, embracing some-Swamp
initio?, parr. 01 wnieti is aiready drained, and sup
nOSfd to 1 1 rf lintllri.nr.n.l f.tlllf r ?
To thrs desirous of engasmg in the'Lumber or
Turpentine business, the facility alTordff rre nm.
iytqualled. as a great Dortinn of th t.mufa ar
well Timbered, embracing several Mill sites of
excellent qu-fity, and being at their furthest points
ttiiuiii j iiiucj 01 rsig iiocTjn cr'ck.
At the same time and place, Six Young Negroes
of various sizes, two Horses, a library of Books, Sec.
Terms, 6 months credit. Bonds, with approved
securiti'S, will be required of purchasers.
william McMillan, ,
HECTOR McNEILL. x.ustces.
Dec. 13,1845. 356-ts
State of North Carolina Columbus couuty.
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions
JVovember Tenn, 1845.
State va. Matthew Wadkins.
IT appearing to the Couit that the defendant In
th 9 case is wot an inhabitant of this State, it i
therefbre'ordfred that publication be mw'de' for six
'Yefcs irrthe NCarolininiV for the said defendant to
appear, replevy and plead, ilt the next term of this
Court, to be hf Id for the county ofColunibus at the
Court House in Whiteville, on the second Monday
in February next; or judgment by default will" be
entered against him. and the oroocrtv levied on
will be sold to satisfy the same; - - 4-
Dec. 13, 1815.
WM. MILLICAN. CIr-rk.
356-6t per adv. 83 25.
40 fi. kins superior Mduntain Butter.
1000 !ba Buck Wheel FloiiJ-A
200 boxes Segars, ranging from 83 to ?22 per M.
20 Rambaut's," Gilmore's," and Good
win'a aupcrior Chewing Tobacco and for sale by
COOK & TROY.
Dec. 13, 1815. 356-3w.
THE subacriber, having made arrangements for a
regular supply of
" FRESH NORFOLK AlYSTERS,"
will supply famiHes at' any time with the very
best the market affords. . ; w ' - J
it the Union House, 4 door aboie Liberty PoinL
Dee. 13, 1845.
Cheese in boxes; Raisins in whole and half boxes
Superior French Brandy and Port -Winfe.
- i D. & W. McLAURlN.
Dec. 13, 1845. 356-tf.
THE Subscriber, having been appointed under a
Decree of the Court of Equity, for the county of
Cumberland, at Fall term, iMi, a Commiionr
tq sell certain Real Estate in the Town of Fayette
ville, owned -Jointly by himself and the heirs at
Law of William Nolt, dee'd, in pursuance of aaid
decree, will expose to pubi c sale at the Market
Houae in said Town, on Monday the 26th day of
January, 1846, at 12 o'clock, noon, the following
Valuable Real Eatate:
Lot corner Hay and Donaldson
Streets, , -
Lot corner Hay and Robeson
The property will be sold on a eredi of six
months. Bonds with approved aecurity will be re
quired. JOHN D.STXRR;Gain9i'r.
Fayetteville, Dec. 13, 1845. 3S-9w.
From the Union.
THK 1 REASURT. REPORT.
It is probably the next moat important docu
meut nf all the large mass of atate paper
which will be submitted to the new Coueiu
by Ihe new admiuistraliou. It require no
ordinary nerve to propose an important revo
lution in the financial ntfuirs of a great nation
a how organization of the tariff, which is
to effect the iuleiel of the whole community,
as well as to control, in some debtee, the
st-ong wishes of a powerful class. But, great
as the responsibility is, Mr Wulker has met
it as becomes his character, atid the elevated
office which he now. fills under the govern
ment. His tepott bears the mark of unusual
industry. It i founded upon a large body of
statistic, which it has cost him ' much pains
to collect. We understand front the members
of his department who are the best acquaint
ed with the character of these documents
lhat no report from '.he treasury has ever been
laid before Congress which was accompanied
by more voluminous and impot'.ant docuinen .
The repott is very long iu itself, as it was
expected to be very caiefully compiled and
contains many bold and impoitanl propositions
It will speak for itself ; and we cannot
doubt that it will receive the attention of the
people. Rut it may be well to lay before
them a brief analysis and summary of its
The great question discusseJ in the report
arises out of the second proposition, which
is as follows :
"That uo duty be imposed on any nrlicle
above the lowest rate which will yield the larg
est amount of revenue.'5 1 -
This posittou is fully discussed, and main
tained on constitutional principles, as well as
upon the grounds of equal rights and justice.
Two new constitutional argument are pre
sented against protective duties.
The first is based upon the words of the
con.titation grauthi" power "to lay aud col
lect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises.''
All these taxes are grouped in the same clause
the power as to all is the same aud all
must be laid only that they tnay be collected ;
and, if they are so imposed they cannot be
collected, in whole or in part, by making the
duty so high as to amount to n total or paiiial
prohibition, or nny reduction of the revenue.
Such duty is considered as violative of the
authority given iu this elausevof the constitu
tion to collect tales, duties, Sic.
The second position is based also on the
words of the constitution, requiring every ta
riff to originate in the House of Representa
tives, because it is a bill "for raisiuo leveuue."-
That is deemed the only constitutional object
of such a bill, and not Ihe protection of classes
or tncir pursuits. .' :'
It is show u lhat the protective system does
uot increase the wages of labor thai ihe sys
tem it to augment the profit ' of capital- and
not the wages of labor and that the result of
the system uuhl be, iu a series of years, as
the power of manufacturing capital is aug
mented from lime to lime, to bring Ihe wages
of labor under its control, aud ultimately to
reduce those wages, so as to increase the profit
Mittimums and specific duties are proposed
to be abolished ; aud. their effect illustrated,
in making the duty much higher on the cheap
er article consumed by the poor, aud much leav
er 011 ihe finer article purchased by ihe nioe
wealthy. It is1 shown that the tax collected by
:the tariff -is f only the 27 tnillious of duties
paid oft imporlfty but 64 millions in addition
in enhanced prices of the protected domestic
article, , In illustration of this position, it is
shown that the du:y is not paid .by the foreign
producer, but by the consumer ; and that Ihe
duty constitutes as much a part of Ibe price at
the cost of production. .
The making of laws to incrense the profits
of particular pursuits is opposed, and the view
taken that legislation Cur classes is against
the doctrine of equal rights, nd rcpugnaut to
the spirit of Ihe constitution."
The argument of couutervailtnng the effect
of foreigu tariffs by our ww is auswered. It
is shown that the manufacturers who urge
this argument are;' not the patty injured by
these tariffs, but the great iutcrestg of agricul
ture, commefre, and navigation; and that,
J a a - a
mjiirea as tnese interests mar ne ny loreign
tariffs, ihey ask no countervailing tariff at
home to increase the injury.
The great loss imposed upon our agriculture
by the tariff is illustrated. It is showu that
the-reductiou of our tariff" would lead to thr
repeal of the corn-laws of England, aud the
res-frictions in other foreign markets.
. The warehouse system is recommended,
aud the loss of our trade iu foreign exports
for the want of such a system is clearly illus
trated. 1 '
The favorable effect of the bill allowing a
drawback of our duties on foreign exports car
ried through our ports to Canada is shown,
and an extension of the system recommended,
so as to permit the ep.riation of Canada
goods in transit through our own po-ts to
foreign countries., A reduction and gradua
tion of the price ofpublir lands unsaleable at
n.eent rate- In favor of settlers and cultiva
tors, is recommended, as one of the means of
increasing Ibe reveuoe- n nowo mat sucn
reductioa of-tbe pricein favor of tbo settlers
mould increas the wages bl labor.
Tea "constitutional treasury " is earnestly
recommended, having no power to make
loans or di-cotrot, or issue any paper, aud
confined exclusively to the use of gold aud
Id cAonexion with the M treasury of the
constitution," tbe location of a branch of ibe
mint at New York ivreeorn mended as a-place
for keeping safely the vast amount ef revenue
collected at New Yoik, and also a means of
increasing the coinage, and the circulation of
gold and silver. '
This, whole report is marked by the great
clearness aud boldness which are characteris
tic of its author. Its propositions are emi
nently entitled to the attention of ibe people
' " From th Union.
REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF
The navy during ihe year has been called
into uuusunl activilyt and the repoit:docs jus
tice to ihe service of our various squadrons.
It looks ahead to its future operations, and
presents ibe most gr atifytag evidences of the
energy which iu!es over the department. It
is difficult, iu a hasty sketch" like ibis, to pre
seut a complete aualysis of its various state
meuts and suggestions. The very condensa
tion of the paper tupersedea the necessity of
au exteuded summary.
The Secretary of the Navy steps at ouce
in madias res. There is no preparation or
preface to the work. Like a working man
of this working cabiuet, he proceeds to the
task in hand: He tells the country where
our xquadmns bate been employed during
ihe past year; what our vessels have been
doing in the Mediterranean, on the African
coast, on the Rrazil station, on the Asiatic
station, (embracing Commodore Parker's
cruise to the , Chinese coast, as well as Cum.
Riddle's destination to the same station;) and
what vessels have constituted ihcPacific and
the Home squadrons. He devotes a short
but striking passage to the employment of
the home squadron under Commodore Con
uer wbichyhe says, " was much larger than
has usually sailed under one American pen
nant. It gave efficient protection to our in
terests in the Gulf of Mexico, nnd contributed
to spread a sense of security over our country
tls extreme limit of th Del JVorte."
It refers to our uavy yards, to the naval
asylum in Philadelphia, and to the naval
hospital fuud. It presents an interesting
sketch of the uetv naval school at rort Severn,
at Annnpolis which, for less than the sum
of $28,200, already appropriated by Congress'
for employing professors to teach the young
officers of the navy, is calculated to teach
a greater number of midshipmen and to
imbue them better with some of the most im
portant elements of their gallant profession.
It refers to Ibe Observatory at Washington,
to whose superintendent (officers if the"
navy) it pays the corapiimeuta to which they
are so justly entitled for their attainments and
services. It calls for a liberal provision to
extend aud improve the navyyard at Pensa
cola; and whilst it doubts the adaptation of
a navy yard at Memphis to Ike repairs of ships
of war, it explains ihe decided advantages it
possesses fur building' steam-ships, aud estab
lishing a manufacture of cordage, in Ihe im
mediate vicinity of ihe hernp-growiog region.
Il reserves the subject of lake defences for
s special communication to Congress. It
recommends the preservation of our live-oak
plantations to be transferred to ibe appropriate
care of Ihe land office in the same manner
as the President recommends the superintend-
euce of the rniueral region to be given to the
.a - .
same anmirably-couclucled bureau, under
Judge Shields. " .-'
It states that the La la use of appropriations
on hand will be sufficient with the use of
rigid economy, for the remainder of ihe fiscal
year. ine estimates contemplate no in'
crease iu ibe force to be employed for tho
uext year. The mariue corps is noticed in a
brief but ingenious manner ; and it declares
lhat no increase of the officers is needed for
naval purposes even, or rrn increase of tho'
men. It makes no estimates for Ihe increase
of the navy upoip hich subject the Serre-'
tary awaits the ius'.rurlious of Congress, lie
calls the attention 'of Congress to the propriety.
of adding to the number of our sea-going
steamers. ,1 l
Fuvorablti mention is made of the appren'
lice vsiem, as capable of producing valuable9'
results, uot withstanding ihe difficulties awhicb
have thus far attended its action.
The Secretary calls for some amendments'
of the present law to protect ihe treasury, and
respecting the corps of pursers.
Iu refer euce' lo ihe officers, 51 r Bancroft is'
at once liberal and juf. Recognising the
great mei which abounds in the service, he'
seeks to eoeotnage it by giving it suitable"
reward; aud proposes, therefore, to substitute''
in the navy, for prouioiiou by seniority, pro-:
motion by selection. We rttrl add nothing -lo
ibe force of argument by which he 'sustains,
in his own language, the importance of this -change.
1'be uumberef officers in the higher grades '
of ibe service "rertremsated as greater than
ibe country can usefully employ ; and the
report recommends that a portion of these-
such as from infirmity or from some other
cause are noi adopted- to active duty should
be placed xn a retired list; and receive half
pay. These are important proposals; but
Ihey recommend improvements which other
countries, to a great extent, have adopted, and
which our own will not tear to adopt, if, upon
examination, it shall believe thcrn wise
It expatiates with great beauty and force, ''
on the coodv.ion of the common seamen. One '
of the mo! gratifying features of the report is .
Ihe tribute which it pays, s just as it is
eloquent, to thesnilrS-ofbe navy; arid the
determination which h ' roanirst nrot.ct
the Aaawleae seamen io ail hw - 0,0-1
commend ilself to the warm pp.oJ ol t.u
Tie DstH of Ohio, aecofdiog to the meat aaas- -
sage ef Gov. Bartly, is 20,000,000.
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