and Domestic "'.Nt' iitcralnrc,-- Agriculture, - and- General Informalion-'-TWO DOLLARS IX ADVA.Nt
BRYAN & YATES, Proprietors. J?
PAYETTEVILLE, Jf.-C, SATTX IY,: FEBRUARY IS, 1854.
VOLUME XIV NO. 7 !.
A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER Devoted" to Politics, the Market
x u-un I'jsu liv WILLIAM J. YATES.
. It 0 B E ft T K. "BRYAN, Editor.
Terms of Sntatrlptlon to the Sorth CarpHnlan i
Tor a single cony, if paid in advance, per annum, $2 00
...... . . "
. The fubscrilcr
New Store on the
from the Market
Stand, a large Stqok of
VXD -VIXTEU1 STOCK.
For .1 8 5 3.
has just received and opened, at his
Eiift utile of Green street, a few doors
louse and nearly opposite Ins Old
IJovs and Children
and other it yles o
" Snjrar. Coffee
October 8. 1853
Nov 12, 18.13
. at the end of 3 month1,
' at the end of f. month,
" " v at the end of the year, 3 AO
No subscription will be received for a shorter period
tbh one year union paid in advance.
With. the. view of extending the circulation and en
hancing the liwefulncBs of the paper, the proprietors of
fer the following remarkably lew
CLUB IL1TK8, INVARIABLY L" ADVA J"Cf::
- Ji copies' of the rfrKXtoA1-Yirr?t' O0-4i!fefof l
10 " -.." " 15 00
Letter on lmsinoRs connected, with the firm mii't be
addressed to the undersigned, and must be post paid.
Sixty centH pr square of 1G lines for the first and
thirty- cents for each fuilsefuent inrrt:on. unless the
advertisement is published fur more than, two months,
when it will be charged
For three months, - - - - - $1 00
For six months, - - - - - 6 00
For twelve-months, - - - - - - 19 00
; ';'.$-All advertisements must lo handed in by Friday
10 o'clock, a. m.rto ensure thir insortion in the net
dar?snanr. ami shotil.1 have the desired number of in-
sertioiw nark'd on them, ortherwise they will be in
serted till forbid and charged accordingly.
BRYAN'" ct YATES.
Staple bind. Fancy Dry Goods,
Embracing a irendral as6rtnient of .Ladies and Gentle
men" Press Goodk consisting In part of Shawls, Cloaks
and Mantillas, souse very fine; and also a bod assort
ment of Shoes and Boots, for Ladies, Gentlemen, Girls,
And the best assortment of Silk
Bonnets he has ever offered to the
j j w holesale buyersou onrusual terms.- '
, Tea, rrppcr, Sp'ces, and Tobacco, .af' J. ! STATIH. .
j ri ' 1 1'SUKMAVELL, Oct 3, . - J. M. WILLIAMS
CEDAR, FALLS Cotton - Yarns and Sheet-
? ... .. . - ali. -- V-.- .- - - - t -
BY GEO. LAUDER.
Nearly opposite to E. Vv'iHkings Auction Store,
Having recently, purchased the-above establishment
from Malcom Klly, ttq., I am now prepared to enter
tain in a comfortable manner those w lio may give -me a
call. ' Having ample stables, good hostlers and a dis
position to accommodate, I trust I. shall be able to
give entire satisfaction to those who may favor me with
' H. C. Me LEAN.
December ?,, 18.".3. 70-tf
Runaway from the subscriber, his Negro men. JOHN
n is aloiit 2 f years old, fi feet 1 inch
18." or lflO lbs. TolH'y aged about
iijcnes iiign. sroui. ana "weigus i.
ought from Mr James Surles. of Cum-
1 will probablv be lurking in ' that
HMghboihoo'l. Tfbey has a wife at Mr Richard Bird's,
in Johnston Countfv. Twentv-Five Dollars for eitlier.
botli. will be aid for their appre
hension and delivtirv to the snbscrilier, or for their con
finement iiY any .bail in the State, fo that he can ct
ml sum of One Hundred Dollars w ill
be paid for the conviction of any person of harboring
the above Negroes!
Fair Buff. Colunkbus Co. N. C. Oct. 6. G3-tf
and TO HEW JoH
high, weighs abou
22 yearss f feet 9
lbs. The v were b
berland county, ai
It. II Alt Ii VI (.11,
Arcliltcct and Hulltlcr, FajcKcvllIf, X. C
Respectfully inlfrms the public that he is prepared
to execute I'LANH of every description such as State Pistols; with a large assortment of double and single-
l'risons, Ac. Also, Churches. L ot- irarrel Shot Guns. Game and Sbnt Bags. Fowder
mblic and private edifice, costing j Fla.-ks. Percussion Cajt of English ai d French make,"
00; Bridges. Roofs, v Ac, all with j with a large assortment of gaming fixtures.
and Court Houses
tages. and othei
from S."0')to $10.t
Snecitications -and Contracts 'made fur the same. He
will also super in tejud all kinds of work
Orders -will ".-receive prompt attention, and Flans-
drawn and sent tu
Oct. !.". lSr3.
I 20O At UI
The subscriber (I
Ct4 1)1? I.AM imik
ffers for sale twelve hundred acres
of Land, located in the lower end of Richmond countv.
C R E t: V WAY 15 R O . & t: O .
Importers and Wholesale Dealers in Foreign and
domestic DRY GOODS,
2 Bark Place and 13 Barclay street,' Nkw Yokk.
November 7, Lc.;.' fira-jid - -
-. PIjANTATIOS AM) I.VTVH P() SALR.
The subscriber offers his "Plantation and Land for
nale. situated on th East-side; of .'.Cape Fear J liver,
alxuit four miles from Fayctteville. There are about
n)0 acres of land, .'50 of -which are cleared and under
cultivation.. .On:, the --premises is a dwelling and all
necessary out-houses. The soil, for fertility, js not
Mil rivriueorl v unr "i ("!:iniv V- f I?t-oi I'prnoiivt
iu. to purchase will please, call and examine the premi
fti. A Imrgaiu may be had.
Ja.iV l-L ISol 3m p;l
it is about! rjui-l
burg High School
adapted to the gt
also offers great Inducements to those engaged in the
turpentine and .'lumber business. I have constituted
Alexander AIcLeam, Esq. my agent, during my absence,
to whom all conufunications in regard to the matter
may be addrrssed it Gilopolrs P. ()., Roleson county.
t siUes U'-ar to ine premises. win iaKe
iiig them to any one who. msv call
J. G. BLCE.
futher Blue, who
pleasure in exhibi
for that purpose
friends and the pullic that lie still continues in the Mill
d ail its branches, viz: loundenng.
ng Water or Steam Mills upon vari
ous principles, eitlier with simple or complicated ma
ms his thanks to the puul c tor the
je has received heretofore, and hopes
Wright business ai
framing, and erect
1) !t . T. C . H A 1. Ii
Has removed to the well known stand of tha Drs.
insol, corn-T ot i.reen ana iovr sirccis.
April 23, 1 S.3.
llis;lvly liiiporfnnt la H onscWerjrrs.
5IATUKSSES ! I! ATIJ USSKS! ?I ATUH.SSKS !
All competition in the trade drjicd.
The subscriber begs leave to inform the public that
he ha constantly on hand, and is manufacturing to or
der, all kinds and sizes of Matrcsses, which he intern's
to sell 2.r p"rcent cheaper than any similar establish
ment in this place. Having 'served as an apprentice
to the business i:i on of the northern cities, lie trusU'
that he will be able to give th" most complete satisfac
tion to his customers. 1 le m inufactures hair M .'.tresses.
' 11 a tresses with springs, tire Matresses. and all kinds ot
settee bottomings. He does ab;o all kinds of repairing
ami renewing. Persons in want of Tiny'-article in his
line are requested to call and see specimens of his work
at the Post Office building.
Ja-vnry 21, 1S."4. 3m
Altorncy t fit yc 1 1 vi lie, Sm C.
Office at the corner of Bow and Green streets.
Feb'v 3. lh":i. " . - '
- .i. v. it.vivi:u
lias received from the North the largest, finest, and
.most carefultv selected stock of FtTRNI fl'RE ever of
fered in this market, consisting of fashionable painted
cottage bl room furniture in setts ; curled-hair and
shuck and cott m Mattresses: Looking Glasses; Willov
AVagons atnl Cradh-s : -jiatent-self-swinging Cradles
Side Boards ; Bureaus; Secretaries and Book Cases
Wbat-N'oU; Tables, all sorts; Wash Stands; Caudle
Stands; Wardrobes; Picture Frames and Glass; Window
.'Shades; Cfrrnices; Curtain Bands; Sofas in Mahoganv"
and Walnut: Tete a Tides; Ot tomans: DivansA: Stools:
Chairs of every variety. Fine rosewood Pianos' (Ben
net A --Go's, of Broadwav, New "rk).
October 2'J, lS.-3 ly P'l
THOSE who are indebted to nu by Note or Account
will please settle th same. And all debts due rue pri
or to the 1st Jau'y l.i:;. must be settled, a-s longer in
duljfcuce cannot be given.
A. A. McK ETHAN.
Oc- 1. tsr3. tf
liinerv. He retu
liberal patronage l
bv strict at ten 1 1 on
satisfaction, to me
latters h"mself thai his work will compete with that of
any' other machiniij
-ons avIio want wo
well to'giveliiin a
.vorkm-ii in his enjploy. and is prepared to execute all
iobs at ui" shortest
O rders prom "Ml v ai
address tli? .s'.ibsdriber at Johnsonville. Cumberland
county. N. C
irt'cles now used
impart that lustre
ing tlie lasi iweiv
tlie'task of prepar
tious. and has. at
lit phi-t tilirn J
nav be tested in
ver all others
Lauder's Marble 1
with an excellent
Nov 9, IS.13
the Fall and Wiut
or in exchange foil
I haie noy in S
Lard. Butter, Clu
and Brown Sugar
Cuiniuliisloii and KorvjiHiij; .HciThftiitj
"NVlLMI.VfiTO.V, X. C.
January 7. 18S4 y
x o r i c i:.
Having purchased the interest of T. R. Underwood
in the firm of G. W. .Lawrence A: Co.. I will continue
business as heretofore at Mty's Gakukx.
I have from 12 to l." Cooper constantlv at work
manufacturing SPIRIT BARRELS, at the rate of 100
to 12o per week; have now on hand -1 00 Barrels for
sale, at $2 25 cash at the shop, or 5f- jr delivered in
I shall :ilsf continue the distilling of Turpentin and
will pay within l" cents per barrel of the Fayctteville
price in cash, or goods at cash prices.
I have now in '-Store a general assortment of Goods,
for sale at Kayetteville-pric.es.. All kinds of country
uroduce taken iu exchange for goods. Call and see.
- (i. W. LAWRENCE.
Nov 2.-.. 18.r3 CO tf ; ' : -
j j It Til V f IJIjIj I-'. It ,
A T T O It N K Y A T L A AV,
...'". Fa v kt tk v i i .i.k , N. C.
Office on Anderson Street.
Oc tolKT 22, Ls:3 Cm
things in the Gro
Shoes. Negro Bla
mont of Ready-mi'
October 2.0, 185
the Shop former!;,
gives such genera
Wagons. Carts. Dr
1 have on band
plv of Iron Axles
thing that the Wa
- Timber Wagons
to order at; the shq
My prices fdiall
ted States to equa
Oct. 2. 18a 3.
I have so many calls about Turpentine lands that 1
have concluded -to' oiler my services to buy and sell.
Those having lands for sale will furnish me with plots
and quantity, together with a fair description, and
Nov. IS, 1833. C8-tf.
the Lumber, as tli
books for that
JAMES G. COOK.
NOTICE MULES Ftm SALE.
The HiibscrilHTS offer for sale Three Teams of Mules.
"Wagon and Harness. Those wanting Mules would do
well to call on the premises.
Aldo. 2000 acres turpentine Land for sale. Call and
.1. IV. jUll.ljV
CTypress Creek, Bladen-Co., L W. A. MELVIN.
DecemlKT 8, 1853. ) Tl-tf
strictlv adhered t in all cases.
Lum1erton. Deft 10, 1853.
in a superior st
, THE SUBSCR
000 lbs. of Cottt
long, and aLs-, 10.
clean Corn Shuck
particulars inquir of
TROY i MARSH.
. S1U CON D r
FALL AXD WSTER STOCK FOR 1853.
STARR & WILLIAMS are now receiving' their fc
cond tock, for this season, of Staple and Fancy Dry
Goxls; Hats, Caps, Shoes, Boots; Silk, Satin and Straw
Bonnets; Umbrellas, and Ready-made Clothing; with
a large assortment of Hosiery, Gloves, Silk and Cotton
The above stock embraces .a variety of Seasonable
Goixls not enumerated, comprisingone of the largest
assortments we have ever ottered; sd having recently
been purchased by the package, at a reduction from the
prices of the first of the season, they -will be offered to
. SECOND - - " "
rCRClIASE POK Tim I'AT.r; . OF 1 85 3-
IThrrirhderVlgmwc mldj joVf their ' tutoincrs and
all others buying in this market, that they are now re
ceiving a second Strck of Fall Goods for 1853, selected
by one of the firm personally, consisting of a general
assortment of . .
Dry Goods, Hardware, Hats, Caps, Coots and
Also A large addition to their stock of Ready-Made
All of which they cffcr to. the trade upon their usual
Purchasers will find it to, their interest to give our
stock an examination before making their selections.
HALL & SACKETT.
October 8. 1853.
A'ET-T E VIlL Kf N. C.
Sin Wikon, vhllc a C . tlre
ATTEMIOX, THE AVIIOLEI
While you are talking of vour internal iroprcvemcntr.
j forget not to call and pee the improvements made
in unns at n. a. laker s Gun .Manufectory, on
Hay street, opposite the Post Office, where he has the
Prussian Needle Gun. Air Guns, and various improved
Pistols. of Colt's Repeater, Allen's. Whitney's arm? com
pany with Maynard primers, Armstrong Duelling
any part of the country at short
shmt from Floral' College, Lauren-
arid Laurel Hill. The Land is w 11
wtli of corn, cotton, -wheat, Ac. It
Rifles constantly on hand and manufactured to or
der, and warranted to shoot from 100 to S00 yards.
Repairing of every thing in the Gunsmith line will
be done at thort notice, in the best manner, and for a
small charge. All ordus promptly attended to. All
work warranted. M A. BAKER,
Sign of the 'Wooden Gun,
Hay street, opposite the Tost Office.
Jan y 28, 1854. tf
Is hereby given that hereafter in the Court of Pleas
and Quarter Sessions of Cumlwrland county, the Trial
Docket will le taken up on Tuesday, and the State
Docket on Thursday of each and everv term.
JOHN McLAURIN, Clerk.
'February 4, 1854. 79-4t
akes this method of informing his
it a continuance of the same
1500 bushels country Corn in store, for pale by
W. II. LUTTERLOH.
January 21, 1854 tf
Jamks C. Smith. Milks Costix.
JAMES C. SMITH &. CO.,
Have removed their office to the second story of the
building formerly occupied by the Telegraph Company,
where they are prepared to attend to all business in the
Commission line. t
; attended to.
t for speed and durability. All per-
k done in the above line would do
call, as he has several competent
notice and on very reasonable terms,
tended to. For further information
Wilmington. Jau'y 14, 1854.
D. B. JOHNSON.
perience. has for s
tr.sidrratvm to be
of a suitable buruikli for boots and shoes. Most of the
PLUS ULTRA BUHMSII.
a practical Bool-maker of some ex-
Lme time been sensible that there is a
yet supplied to the public in the way J
C II E I GOODS,
I am now receiving a much larger stock of
Fancy Dry Goods
than T have yet offered in Fayctteville. consisting of
Dry": Goods of every description. Hats, Boots. Shoes, and
Ready-made ( Nothing, which will lie sold as low as any
goods in the State.
-1 will )m giad to have the ladies call and examine mv
stock. ' W. F. MOORE. "
Spt. 17. 1853. tf
Fr Sale or Kent.
The fine SUMMER RESIDENCE two nrles west of
eitlier injure the leather or fail to ! town Possession given immediately. Apply to John
so necessary to give to man s tin- n. t.ooiv or i. i.eeie. is. .. uir. 1 1.
fr.tt'in-tins; " a Aroper finish. He has therefore, dur-
March 19, 1S53.
lonttis. inTii (levotiug mmscii'io
ng. an article- free from these objee-
e:igth after much investigation and !
tely succeeded; The result is " (lift's
urnisn. lie only w.sties tliitt it
order to establish its superiority
?all on him at his shop opposite Mr
actorv. Hav street, and be supplied
article at a cheap rate.
lli li SUIMMdUS
I have always ;i hand a full assortment of GRO
CERIES. PROVISIONS, and other Goods suitable for
r Trade, -and which 1 oiler for Cash,
Produce-of almost any kind,
ore Flour. Meal. Corn. Rice. Bacon,
se. Crackers. Salt, white Clarified
. Rio and Java Coffee, Tea, Molasses,
Vinegar. Fish. Cirars. Tobacco. Snuff. Candles. Soap.
Starch. Spices, (Candies. Pepper. Buckets, Brooms.
wrought and cut Vails, Powuer. Shot, Percussion Caps.
and a good assortment of Dye Stuffs; with many other
lso a good assortment of Dry Goods. Boots aud
kets and Kersvs. and a good assort-
dc Clothiug. Call and buy cheap.
W. II. CARVER.
Having purcha4'd the stock of Material on hand at
owned by Mr. 11 Fuller, and having
engaged the services of Mr. J. (-. Lally. whose work
and entire satisfaction. I am now
prepared.' to execute afl orders for Timber Wagons, Road
a vs. u nee marrows, ive.
knd will constantly keep a good sup-
Chains. Bolts, and in short, every
;on-inaker can need,
with the improved Iron Axles, made
I have ten gold and competent Workmen at the
business, and will kive it my whole ana unaivutea al
io as moderate as the times will ad
mitand 1 will challenge any Wagon-maker in the Cni-
my work, either in point ot stvie or
TIIOS. C. FULLER.
fhttt look th Premium X
has the pleasure of announcing to
the citizens of R(beson and the adjoining counties.
xsed the entire interest ot Messrs.
in the Steam Saw and Grist Mill at
vow- prepared to till all orders for
m sent in. Having a superior qual
w he is confident his Lumber can-
that he has. pureh
Gregory & Roger.4
tills place; and is
Lumber that may
itv of Timber to s;
not be surpassed
Terms tor Hooping and Weather-boarding
ltlk-lr1 C .kllmrr nn.T C.iniltnrv
Ron Ih age half price, sav 5
The cash will inpariably le required on delivery of
i undersigned intcuds keeping no
Itirposo. lha alKve terms will be
I). W. ROGERS.
Chocks niul Notes,
On all the Banks in Fayetteville, just printed
, le, for sale at the
BERS will receive proposals for 100.
a Batting or Wavlding. ' Also, for
J.000,000 (three ljiillioas) of Reeds from 3 to 3 feet
)Q0 (ten thousand) pounds of good
.- in stated ouantities. For further
It. W. HENRY.
v. 14, 1853. 68-tf. J. HENRY.
Couf-e(ioiery nnd Variety Store,
Under the Fayetteville Hotel. Hay Street,
F- VKTTKVil.I.K, N. C.
December 31. 1853 y
The undersigned having been appointed a Commis
sioner to sell the lands lelonging to the heirs of James
Chapman, decVl. situate lying and being in the county
of Cumberland, on the waters of the Cape Fear River,
joining the lands of James Butler and others, hereby
notifies persons that he will expose the ame to pub
lic sale at the Court House door, in the town of Fay
etteville. on Monday of March Court for the county of
Cumberland, upon a credit of six months, purchaser
giving bond with approved security.
JAMES ROBESON, Commissioner.
Feb'v 4, 1S54. 79-3t-pd
I5HOWN Sc DeKOSSET,
D c R O S S E T Jt II It O TV ?f ,
WILMINGTON, N. C.
General Commission Merchants.
WOHT1I fc ELLIOTT,
(Successors to J. D. Williams.)
FOR WAR D I NG & COM M ISSION; M ERCn ANTS,
FAYETTEVILLE, X. C.
.T. A. WORTH.
May 7, 1S53.
At Home Again.
W. DRAUGIION has the pleasure of informing Lis
customers and the public that he has moved his stock
of Goods to his new store, at the old stand. T"
His recent purchases in New York and Philadelphia I territory claimed by her exterior to said boun-
makes his stock complete. He has on hand, for sale at
low prices, a full stock of
Groceries and Dry Goods, Boots t Shoes,
Hardware fc Cutlery, Crockery and Glass-ware,
Window Glass, Clocks, ,
Pure French Brandy, Holland Gin, St. Croix
and Old Jamaica Rnni.
Port, Madeira, Brown and Golden Sherry,
Malaga, Sicilv, and Scuppernong Wines;
Old Rye Whiskey,
With his usual large stock of Domestic Liquors.
Also, 20 dozen Wolfe's Aromatic Schncidam Schnapps.
100,000 Segars, (very cheap.)
25 Baskets Champaigne,
Hock Wine, (six varieties.)
Sardines; Sperm and Adamantine Candles.
W. DRAUGIION, Market Square
Nov 12, 1853 3m
WACOT.- A two horse wagon with fixtures complete
for gae J- A T. WADDILL.
Dec. 17, 1853. 72-tf
Iiruiortant from Lover California.
steamer George Law has "cf-n'ved with
241 m treasure on freight. vVlso, tllo
r Star of the West has arrived with'$749r,-
1 gold. These steamers bring the follow
?ws from the tillibustering expeditions:
2 bark Anita had arrived at Kucinada wltli
len "from San Francisco as 'hn additional
to the command of Col. AValker.r Thc dny
:i th arrival of the A nita, 65 men were or-
"''J't march -ion"; the tou'ofS4nta Tomas
orteVl 4hc' taking bfiii4-pJaj tlithqnt' a
tight. Gen. Mclendrez with a party of natives
attacked the fillibusters nt Encinada, but was
forced to retire after several days fighting. Lt.
McKibbiu met his death while taking deliberate
aim at the person of Mclendrez. Capt. Gillaiu
was wounded. This is the balv injury the par
ty sustained. An attack was afterwards made
by Col. Walker's men upon the enemy's camp,
routing them completely, killing 8, and wound
ing several more. They captured a cannon,
stock, camp equipments, &c. The flag of "Two
Stars" now waves triumphairtly over Lower
California, and (says the account) the wealthy
rancheros arc in extacics, and do not fear to
express their joy at the advent of the fillibusters.
At Encinada all remained quiet at the last
accounts. There have been but two deaths in
th expedition, Lieut. McKibbin and private
McCormick, the latter was killed at La Grnlla,
being alone when surprised and surrouuded by
the enemy. He was shot in four places, being
offered quarter but refused it and fought to the
last. It is said that he killed three and wound
ed several before he was overcome,
t President Walker has now 200 troops under
his command. He has declared Fort MeKil
bin the seat of Government. He has issued a
decree to fix the pa' of the liberators the high
est officers have $10 per day, and the privates
34; to be paid out of tlie government funds or
lands of any State they may lay their hands on.
The schr Caroline (the vessel that carried the
first expedition out) has disappeared, and it is
srjpposed that she has deserted the cause of the
new Republic, and has taken the two captive
Governors to Mexican soil.
The Law on Slavery in the Territories.
AVe publish this morning correct copies of so
much of the laws bearing upon the question of
slavery, as may be of consequence in the con
sideratiou of the Nebraska bill of Senator Doug
lass, now pending in the Senate of the United
States : Cliarhslon Courier.
- The 8th section of an act, entitled "an act to
authorise the people of the Missouri Territory
twii cOTirftttutlHrt it mt" fc$ta t e go vemrrrr-ii t,
ana Jor the admission of said State into the
Union on an eqnal footing with the original
States, and to prohibit slavery in certain Ter
ritories," approved -March Oth, 1820, contains
the following enactment; "provided, that in all
territory ceded by France to the United States,
under the name of Louisiana, which lies north
of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north
latitude, not included within the limits of the
State contemplated by this act, slavery and in
vOluutary"wservitude, otherwise than in the pun
ishment ofcrinics, whereof the parties shall
have been duly convicted shall be, and is here
by forever prohibited; provided, always, that
any person escaping into the same from whom
labor or service is lawfully claimed in any State
or Territory of the United States, such fugitive
may be lawfully rt -claimed, and conveyed tol
the person claiming his or her labor or service,
as aforesaid." ,
v AVXEXATIOX OF TEXAS.
.The third article of the second section of the
"joint resolutions for annexing Texas to the
United States," approved March 1st, 1845,
amongst other things, provides "that new
States of convenient size, not exceeding four in
nttmber, in addition to said State of Texas, and
having sufficient population, may, hereafter, by
the consent of said State, be formed out of the
tertory thereof, which shall be entitled to ad
misfioM under the provisions of the federal con
stitution. And such States as may be formed
out of that portion of said territory lying south
of rtirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north
latitude, commonly known as the Missouri Com
promise Line, shall be admitted into the Union
with or without slavery, as the people of each
State asking admission may desire. And in
such State or States as shall be formed out of
said territory north of the Missouri compromise
Line, slavery or involuntary seitude (except
for crimes) shall be prohibited.
;- -Y ' COMPROMISE OF 18fC
" Thc'fifth proposition of an act Entitled "An
act proposing to the State of Tcxajftithe estab
lishment of the Northern and Wjfstentf bounda-
Ur4& relinquishment by the said State of all
We have announced the egcapei and return
of Mrs Jane Wilson, of lexas, to SniitH Fe, who
had been taken captive J;y. the Camanchc In
dians, and subjected to the most extraordinary
cruelties. Theolfair has very justly excited the
greatest indignation hi New-Mexico against the
Indians. - . j:
From Mrs Wilson's narrative, it appears that
she is bat 17-yenrg of age. About a year ago
she was married to a young farmer iu Texas,
and in April they joined a party of : fifty-two"
emigrants, , toouud for California, i They were
attacked by Indians' and the . party was com-
The eubscrilxT continues to carry on the manufacture of
BUGGIES, SULKIES, CABRIAGES,
AND VEHICLES OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, -
at Lumbcrton, iV. C,
In a superior style, and of he best materials.
All work done at the establishment is warranted for
12 months. Repairing promptly attended to aud neat
Also, ploughs and all other farming implements
made to order and kept constantly on hand.
Horse-shoeing done in the best manner. Tbankfal
for the liberal patronage of an enlightened public, he
hopea to deserve and receive a continuance of the same.
JOHN W. KODGERS.
y 28j 1854
daries, and of all her claims upon the United
States, and to establish a Icrntonal Govern
ment for New Mexico," approved Sept. Dth,
1850; amongst other things provided as follows:
"Provided, that nothing herein contained shall
be construed to impair, or qualify anything
contained iu the third article of second section
of the joint resolutions for annexing Texas to
the United States." App'roved March 1st, A.
SLAVERY SECTION OF DOUGLASS NEBRASKA BILL.
Sec. 21. And be it further enacted, That
m order to avoid all misconstruction, it is here
by declared to be the true intent and mean
ing of this act, so far as the question of slavery
is concerned, to carry into practical operation
the following propositions and principles' estab
lished by the compromise measures of 1850, to
it : .
- First, That all questions pertaining to slave
ry J" the Territories, .and in the new States to
Woormed therefrom, are to be left to the de
cision of the people residing therein, through
their appropriate representatives.
Second, That "all cases involving the title to
slaves," and "questions of personal freedom,"
are referred to the adjudication of local tribu
nals, with the right to appeal to the Supreme
Court of the United States.
Third That the provisions of the Constitu
tion and laws of the Unitdd States in respect
to fugitives from service are to be carried into
faithful execution in all "the organized Territo
ries" the same as iu the States.
iere their horses
being stolen, thev were compelled also to give
up the plan of going to California, and set out
on their return to Texas in July. In August,
Mr Wilson and his father fell into the bauds of
Indians and were murdered. Mrs W. returned
to El Paso, and again in September started for
rt-y At t .i 0 -m v
lexas, wnn ner inrec uroiners-in-jnw mid a
small party. When within three days journey
of Phantom Hill, an American military post,
they were attacked by Camaqches, 'while some '
of their men were off in pursuit of some of their
horses that had been stolen. A Mexican, who
was with Mrs Wilson, was brutally; murdered
and scalped before her eyes, and she nnd her
two brothers in-law, lads of 12 and 10 years,
were seized, bound, and carried off, with the
entire property of the party.
The Indians, with their captives, proceeded
in a northwest direction, each being appropriat
ed as the property of one or other of the chiefs.
They were stripped of nearly all their clothing,
and otherwise brutally treated. Mrs Wilson,
although expecting soon to become! a mother,
was -subjected to every conceivable cruelty and
indignity; beaten and bruised; exposed to
fatigues of all kinds; her flesh .lacerated by
lariats and whips, or by the loads of wood she
was oblighed to carry on her bare back; com
pelled to do the work of men, or punished for
her inability by being stoned, knocked down
aud trampled on; almost entirely deprived of food
and all this lasted for twenty five days. At this
time, she was sent in advance in the morning
as usual, when she determined to attempt an
escape, which she succeeded in accomplishing
by securing herself in some bushes till the In
dians had passed. !
For twelve days she wandered through tins
Indian country, subsisting upon berries, when
she fortunately fell in with some New Mexican
traders, who furnished her with some men's
clothing and a blanket. In consequence of their
meeting with a Camanche, they had to leave
her behindhand she narrowly escaped a second
capture. But, by the subsequent aid of one of
the traders, a Pueblo Indian, she was enabled,
aner niuing nerseu ior engnt days, to escape.
, Althecnrajyp.u g)c,:aL rp-ued
by the traders, furnished with aj horse, and
brought to the town of Pecos, New ''.Mexico,
where Major Carlton nnd others, of the arm,
took care of her, and enabled her to proceed to
Santa Fe. '
..." This is bnt an outline of a terrible story, the
counterpart of which, in all except the esc ape,
are said to be frequent. A letter from Santa
Fesays that the white captives' j among the
Camanchcs are as numerous as the Indians
themselves. The same letter ..mentions the es
cape of a young Mexican woman, who returns,
after a year's terrible enpitivity, expecting to
become the mother of an infant whose father is
a wild Indian. The Camanchcs 'practice cruel
ty in its utmost refinement towards i their cap
tives. Children are trained to be more savage
than they arc themselves, and women are sub
jected to outrages too horrible . to bev mentioned.
; vs r
Pr. M., an nrnn surgeon, wa
j joke, (if not. perpetrated at his
and had moreover a great contet
officers, v'' were renowned
courage than their scholarship
One' day at mess, when t
formed sandry strange nnd novel - i.
of the table, Captain S., a I rave i
plishcd officer, and n great wag, r
the doctor, who had been very t-e en
mark." on the literary deficiency ef
"T)r, -M., - arc vou acquaint, . .
O ?" .- .-
polled to. return, tQ..Tv.os;.lu, Jklr awOIrsLLW' YmI know him wrjl," r
WMsoii remained at Paso, wl
he is one or the new set. Hut what. ( I
, "Nothing in particular," returned (.'
S., "1 have just received a letter from Lis
I'll wager von a dozen bottles of old pm
. i i
you can t guess in six guesses now be
"Pone," said the Doctor, "it's a wager.'
"Well, commence guessimr," said Capt.
"K, n, double, t."
"Kb, a, t, c."
"No; try again."
"C, a, double t, e."
"No; you've missed it again
"Well, then," returned the
"No, that's not the way; try
"C, a, g, h, t."
"No, that's not the way, you've
( li :
h. t t!.-
Well, said the Doctor, with much p
of manner, "how docs he sjell it?"
"Why, he spells it c, n, t," replied S., with
the utmost gravity, amid the roars of the nn--.
Almost choking with rage the Doctor sja .in;:
to his feet, exclaiming: "Captain S., I am t
old a man to be trifled with in this manner. "
in w h'eh
The Santa Fe Gazette savs:
brothers of Mrs Wilson are still in captivity,
and unlcs soon reclaimed will imbibe a taste
for the wild life of the Indian and be forever
lost. There are many hundreds, ami wc may
venture to say thousands of captives among the
Indians of New Mexico, principally j women and
children: the former are forced to becomes the
slaves of the men, and the latter ar.e trained for
When (Jov. Merriwethcr came out, he was
fortunate enough to rescue two Mexican girl
from the Camanchcs one 1C and the other 18
years of age. They had been captured near
Chihuahua, one three years and the other ten
months before. They were sent to the Gover
nor of that State, who acknowledged the con
duct of the Governor of New Mexico in tcry
They saitl there were a large number of Mexi
can women in captivity, and they saw one
American womau with a small child; that an
Indian one day, when they were traveling on
horseback, took the child from its mother,
threw it up iuto the air, and as it came down
caught it on his sjear, and that, others rode up
at full gallop, took it on their spears, and so
passed it around among the party, j
The London Times. M. Texier in a book
on .England, speaking of the London Times,
states that one of the staff of that journal, who
"was Unvoted to the study of sewerage," enjoy
ed a yearly income of 550, while dawdling
through the cities of the continent on a tour of
inspection, during two years, but in all that
time he did not write - a single word for the
paper. One day the question of dust heaps
and salubrity in general came before the House
of Pnmmnsis vhen lie at once laid lien to
paper, aid in a series of twenty powerful lead
ers so simplified the science of the matter that
at once the public and their representatives
were forced as it were into the proper course.
A Brisk Place There is a good anecdote
told of the little town of Portland, Indiana ;
While a certain steamboat was about 'putt
ing out" from there, not long since, for New
Orleans, the mate, an old boatman, turned to
some passengers, and remarked : . j .
"This little town, gentlemen, looks dull, but
I assure you, it is perhaps a mighty brisk place,
About fifteen years ago, as I was going down
with a flat-boat to New Orleans, wc stopped
here to procure some provisions. 1 1 went op
into the town, and seeing a coat hanging out of
a shop door, just took it. The owner came
after me caught me took me before a magis
trate I was tried convicted took thirty nine
aehcs-av4 teas lack to the boat in I fifteen mitv
utesl I tell yon, gentlemen, ti mighty brisk
little place is that same Portland." j j
r.vrrjr Han has "A Call
Each man has his own vocation,
is the call. There is one direction
space is opened to him. He has faculties mI
ly inviting him thither to endless exertion. -is
like a shin in a river : he runs iiL-ain-1
structionS on every side but one; on that il
all obstruction is taken away, and he .-.weep
serenely over a deepening channel into an
nitc sea." This talent and this call depend on hi
organization, or the mode in which the gf m ra
soul incarnates itself iu him. 1 le iueliia s to d
something which is easy to him, and
it is done, bnt which no other man can
has no rival. For the more truly he eon -nit-;
his own powers, the more difference will hi
work exhibit from the work of any other. ! ! .
Ambition is exactly proportioned to his .ow i .
1 lie height of the pinnacle is determuied by the
bttiadUH of. the base. -Every man has t!u ; i ; i
the power to do somewhat unique, and no mm
has any other call. The pretence that he l,n
another call, a summons by name and peroral
election and outward "signs that mark hint ex
traordinary, and not in the roll of common m n, '
is fanaticism, and betrays ohtuscnrss topejveive
that ttiere is one mind in nil the individual
no respect of per.'ons therein. ilmrrsi.n.
Style. How differently men hand!
c eo i ,,-.
'visiuj uiiuii-in, x ncrc h w oiuison, www n
handed sword striking with the edge, while le
pierces with the point, and stuns you mth ti e
hilt, hitting right and left with until h his, .u .
wielding the ponderous weapon as eu.-ily as n
could a flail. Then there's Burke, with hi
glittering rapier, all rhetorical rule and poli !
according to school jassmlt vif.nfato, :tin,,.t,
one, two, three the third iu your bo.m.
Then comes Macauluy, who runs in under mr
guard, and stabs you to the heart with the hea
vy dagger of a short cpigramiuatie .sentence -
Jeffrey, who first kills, then scalps; and Car-
lyle, who advances armed with an antique M
axe, with which he mashes his foes us you wo;dd
drugs in a pestle and mortar.
The Face ok Louis Naioi.ko.v. That face
in appearance so motionless and insen.-ihh i
but the mask of the man within, ard nt ami
powerful. Those eyes nredull, but. as prof'oum!
as the thought in which they dive, and which
rises nt times iu their orbits as the flame i i
from the hearth w hence it derives its lire.
That brow is gloomy as ate, but cxpan -l-as
creative genius. Those lips are color If---,
but full of expression: delicately turned .m. i -ed;
scarcely sufficiently parting, and open ji; I
to allow the curt and precise excession of a v. ill
emanating from de p reflection, and niexora hi v
resolved. That vokc h indolent and drawling,
but self-reli.nt, and the indifference w hieh slm ,
itself is but the excess of that i onlid- . .
Courage concealed by timidity rcf-olution ii
gnised by gentleness in'lcxil ility .'ol'teiwd 1 y
mildness- policy hidden by good nutur( 'ii -miller
marble fire under ashes; in a wok!, ,l
souietfvng partaking of Augustus and of Titu ,
but with the face of Wcrthcr that type '
German sentimentality. Such does Louis N
poleou Bonajiartc appear.
A Wkstek.v Ha.vd. A corrcsiondenf l IU
a good story of a Western steamloat C aj.ta in
who hired, off-hand, a shiftless fellow at one j
the ports on the river, to go a.ni Jiand on board
one of hi boats to New Orleans, "forty dol
lars find fonnri;" giving him in advance live dol
lars to supply an urgent present necessity. Th.
new hand was to be on board in the moi nii : ,
before "the first chickens crowed;" but new r
made his appearance.
Long after, the captain discovered him M a.
wotnling (station, jumped ashore, collared th
dishonest hand, and asked him the reason why
he had not kept his engagement.
." What were the terms.'"' asked the fdlo,.
with the ntmost coolness and indifference.
Jborty dollars a month, and found," rci
the captain, "you know the terms well enou-i
Very well," replied the rescusant, " did y
That wa a poser. The captain hadn't fourd
him until now, although he had made diligent
Burning op Anotive Steamer Fifty Jjr--.
Lort. The Gerard East Alabarnian learns tl i
Uu3 Steamer America was burned on Alabama
River, era the 29th January, and fifty live wen
lost. It is understood that a gentleman movb
west, named Moore, was on board with a 1 r
number of negroes.