North Carolina Newspapers

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Death of Crneral Robert Arcsslrons.
From the Washington Union, Feb. 24.
The melancholy duty devolves upon us of an-
nouuein- the death of Uenerai iwucri . a.u.
... iL nrnnriftnr of the Union and our as
ur as-
tociatc in its editorial management
i., c-t nvmiuiir sit suvftii o'clock, at his
Hc died
own resi-
.lVni-fi in thTs city, surrounded
and solaced in
bi afflictions by most of
his children. We are
:.. ctotc rf niiml to nremrc anything like a
bkctch of his life. Our relations with him since
our boyhood have been of a character so inti
mate and uninterrupted, that he was more than
our friend. He died at the age of sixty-three,
of congestion of the brain. His health for some
weeks had been frail, but until yesterday morn
ing his disease was not regarded as threatening
a fatal issue. His distinguished and gallant
services in the war of 1812 are matters of his
tory, lie was the bosom friend of General
Jackson, and the man selected by him as the
depository anil keeper of his sword. It was
our fortune to be selected by General Jackson
to deliver to General Armstrong this iuvalua
Lle legacy. The noble qualities which endear
ed him to General Jackson were his stern in
tegrity, his cool courage, his sterling judgment,
and his devoted patriotism. In the several re
sponsible public trusts, civil and military, which
he filled, these noble attributes marked his con
duct, lie enjoyed the unlimited confidence of
Presidents Jackson, Van Buren, Polk, and
Pierce. He was as amiable -and attractive 1n
the private relations of life as he was fearless,
honest, and faithful hi the discharge of his pub
lic duties.
IYi-ks from (lie Japan Squadron.
The Portland Advertiser publishes a letter
from an officer of the Japan squadron, address
ed to a friend in that city, which contains many
items of interest. We copy the following intel
ligence :
A private letter from Hong Kong, tinder
date of December 10th, the day the overland
mail left, states that the ships of Commodore
Perry's squadron had all been fully coaled and
ordered to hold themselves in constant readi
ness and full provisioned, for six months' cruise.
It is thought the Commodore will make an
earlv start for Loo Choo. and after some exer
cise "and drill, proceed to Japan in
A mil. The steamship Lexington
March or
is said to
have arrived at Manila liav, in the Straits of
Maeasar, and was daily expected
As she brings out the railroad and
at Macao,
other pres-
cuts lor the Jinperor ot Japan, her
arrival had
been anxiously expected. Col.
Marshall was
at Macao, awaiting his successor.
The Gov-
ernor of Hong Kong and the English Admiral,
have orders from their Government to facilitate
by every means in their power a successful re
sult to Commodore Perry's mission. The
French Commodore is reported to have similar
orders. Commodore Perry has had the cabin
of the Susquehanna splendidly fitted with silks,
damask, and gold, it was said for the reception
of the Japanese dignitaries. Having landed to
present the President's letter, it is asserted to
be his intention to insist upon the Emperor's
reply being brought on board to him. Spanish
dollars, which have been at as high a premium
as 40 per cent, at Canton, and from 70 to 80
per cent, at Shanghai, were at only 25 per cent,
at Canton when the mail left. The 10th De
cember was the coldest day of the season at
Hong Kong, the thermometer standing as low
as 50d, and the weather cloudy, raw, and chilly.
The high rates of ocean postage are complained
of, as bearing particularly hard upon the sea
men of our navy and mercantile marine. Com
modore Perry had recently to pay 25 dollars on
a package of four newspapers, not doue up with
both ends open, as the post office laws require.
It was charged letter postage.
Wliljr Candidate fo
Last Monday,
Governor of Horlh Carolina.
in relation to the probable
candidate of the whig Convention just assem
bled, and dispersed in Raleigh (X. C.) we said:
"We hope they will put up some of their in
different men, ((Jen. Dockery for instance, ) for
it would be cruel in them to select one of their
best men for so unmerciful a drubbing as the
Democracy will give him. Have a care gentle
men; and do not make a target to be riddled,
out of s-ncli men as George Davis, Esq., or Col.
Jiarri tiger."
Well reader: good! They followed our ad
vice. Would you suppose it t They nominat
ed Gen. Doekery sure enough. The high re
gard in which Col. Barringer is held, the popu
larity of the rising young George Davis, which
they did not wish to see impaired by a humi
liating defeat, made them pass by the eminent
qualifications of those gentlemen and select as
the hut of the next gubernatorial campaign, our
worthy, late friend of the Mecklenburg district,
Gen. Dockery.
We look upon
as a virtual
opes of suc-
SLbandouruent by the whigs of all
eeeuing. lney know that the General has a
constitution and a voice strong enough to go
through the campaign with, and vanity enough
to accept the nomination, no matter how hope
less the chance of success. If thev had had the
least irbnmierinsr of hone. that, tlwir r-:nw1il:ito
woiuu succeed, they would have nominated the
courtly and distinguished Barringer, or the
scholarly and dignified Davis, or some other of
their talented and notable men. But their
despairing bosoms were visited by no such flat
tering hopes, and in accordance with a regard
for those gentlemen which we ourselves cherish,
and in accordance with the very spirit, tenor and
terras of our article of Monday, they nominated
Gen. Dockery.
It is needless to add, that the indomitable
General is not sensitive to the mortifviug in
fluences which have given him the nomination,
and will commence the contest, inflated with the
self satisfied consequence of being a veritable
nero. i'urismouti (.lube, 2TA nit.
SrntF.MF. Corivr. The following
have been delivered:
By Nash C. J. In vs. Guthrie, from
Chatham, amrmmg the judgment; in Caron vs
Smith, from McDowdl, reversing the jud-ment
and awarding a venire de novo; itl Wilsmi VK
Allen and Edwards, inequity from Rockingham"
decree for plaintiff against Allen; h, Vk-kers vs'
Trice, in equity from Orange, directing a decree
according to the report. -crct
By Pearson, J. In Outlaw vs. Hurd'e fm,,
Wake affirming the judgment; in Peno v s
Da v.,; from Pasquotank, affinnin g th ejud. nuent
m Carroll vs. Carroll, iu equity from DavSso
; uiaue; m Do
ex d
oui;tn s. kuiui, irom Wake
, reversing the iud-'-
ill,!...,... j J -
plaintiff. Juugoieut here for
By Battle, J. In Jordan
vs. Rouse, from
itt, reversing ihejudgment; iu Poindexter vs
,ibson, from txu, ford, decree for plaintiff alld
eference to the Master; in Ci.HVv . A -
wt.. rjilf..i ,i;-.w.r.. ' . J j-uis.
, w.g a reiereuce; in Doe ex
dem Johnson vs. A atts directing a venire de
iu cooper
vs. I'
directing a new
- Little Franky went to the sea-beach to see
the bathers. On one of them advancing he re
marked, "Mr II , you look like a "Teat
big Cupid!"
Bnsslan Privateers from United States Ports.
The New York Courier des Etats Utiis has
an article referring to what it supposes to be
the real object of the visit of certain Russian
officers to this country It is broadly affirmed
that these agents, who arrived here" ostensibly
to superintend the construction of some screw
propellers for the service of the Emperor, are
in reality engaged in making preparations for
the armament of Russian privateers in the
ports of the United States. We select some
paragraphs from the article of the Courier
which will show what are its apprehensions :
How is it possible in fact, to discuss this idea,
verging on extravagance, which represents the
autocrat of sixty millions of men, of whom he can
dispose at his will, as coming here to pick up a
few doubtful soldiers at a'distance of two thou
sand leagues from his empire, and afterwards
to transport them there, at an immense expense
aim through a thousand difficulties and dangers.
These romancists, however, passed nearer the
truth than they themselves suspected. If, in
stead ofhalting at the surface of the secret of
which they possessed the thread they had pene
trated to the bottom of it, they would have per
haps arrived at the discovery which now trans
pires, namely, that au enlistmeut, not of sol
diers, but oi sailors, is now carried on in !New
York and some other ports of the Union, and
that the Russian agents are silently but active
ly occupying themselves, not with the formation
of regiments, but with the arming of corsairs!
The assertioumay seem a little bold; it is, at
all events, less strange than that to which we
previously alluded. Rut we have reason to
believe it well founded.
Matters have been conducted up to the pres
ent moment with a discretion which smacks of
European diplomacy, and to which the open
conspiracies which we witness from time to time
have not accustomed us. Rut the peril is for
that very reason only greater and more real.
A small number of agents selected with ex
treme skill and care, were first enrolled, and
then launched amongst the crowd of maratime
adventurers and others who have swamed for
some years past on the soil of the American
Union. Through their medium ussurance has
been obtained of the -manner in which (the
contingency arising) categorical propositions
will be entertained by certain individuals to un
dertake a cruise against English and French
ships. Negotiations more or less explicit, ac
cording to the character of the parties, have
been already opened, lists have been drawn out,
and the cadre of the equipment almost decided
upon; even the ships have been indicated that
will be adapted to the purpose. In fact, mat
ters are in such a state of forwardness, that at
the report of the first cannon fired in the Rlack
Sea, all that remains to be doue is to fill letters
of marque in order to launch into the Atlantic
a flotilla of American corsairs,
Russian flag at their mast head.
carrying the
There is no doubt that a few years ago the
proposition to make of the ports of the Union
harbors of ease tor the Muscovite ships, and to
assail the commerce of friendly powers, would
only have met with refusal and contempt from
all classes of American people but other times,
other doctrine. At that epoch the elastic in
terpretations were not known which have since
subjected international law and the ideas of jus
tice and injustice to the pleasure of the first au
dacious comer. At thut epoch the United
States did uot comprise within its population
Uhat crowd of adventurers without other faith
or law than their covetousness, that the Mexi
can war and the circumstances that followed it
have'attracted and multiplied to the misfortune
as well as the shame of the Union. At that
time Russian agents would vainly perhaps have
sought a man disposed to raise his hand against
an allied Hag; at jresciit melancholy abun
dance there is no enterprise, no matter how
silly or unworthy, that can be conceived, to
which the American soil does not offer a contin
gent. And how could it be otherwise? From
the piracy which pillages the public treasurj- of
Cardenas and seizes upon Lower California, to
that which gives chase in the open sea to vessels
of friendly flags, there is but a step.
Far be it from us to reflect upon the entire
nation the responsibility of individual acts, but
our pen can only spare it the reproach. It is
for her and her alone to guard against the con
sequences that must inevitably ensue from the
facts we signalize. If a deplorably relaxation
of principles has made international law a word
almost void of meaning for certain men of the
Union, Europe has not as yet arrived at this
degree of progress. A vessel armed as a pri
vateer in an American port, might show all the
colors of the world, and exhibit the most au
thentic letters of marque that the Russian ad
mirality could sign, but she would not be the
less considered as a pure and simple pirate, and
treated as such. We know what that means
the yard-arm for the men, and confiscation as a
fair prize for the vessel. No nationality would
hold good in such a case. The martial law of
the sea does not recognise two modes of quali
fying a fact any more than it recognises two
means of punishing it.
Those summary and direct reprisals would
still be of little importance, for they would strike
only the guilty. Rut behind the corsair, treat
ed according to his merits, Europe, henceforth
deprived of all security, would necessarily see
only the Union itself the Union, culpable at
least of indifference, and morally responsible for
the acts that she would have allowed to be
committed on her territory and her waters.
Now, times of war are not the litest for diplo
matic discussion on the rights of neutrals, and
Powers recoil less before an addi-
encmy than before an ally respecting
whom they must always be on their guard.
Insensibly and without being aware of it, the
United States might, some dav- or other, awake
in open rupture with the champions of Turkish
independence, and in direct league with the
Emperor of Russia.
This would necessarily be such an enormity
that the hypothesis even seems inadmissible.
The history of the commencement of the centu
ry is, nevertheless, there to prove that it re
quires only distrust to be excited to make the
commerce of an entire people pay the fault of a
few of the citizens.
Our intention in this article, be it clearly
understood, is neither to predict, nor, above all
to anticipate anything. A fact is circulating
amongst us a fact which interests France in
the first degree, and may compromise peace be
tween the two worlds; w"e deliver it to the pub
lie opinion, indicating the consequences to which
it may lead. The least of these consequences
i would not be that of obtaining for
CUi. il 1- . C nAill
the Lnited
States the odious renown of a country
loyalty or political faith.
Rhode Island Legislature. The Senate ou
the 24th ult., passed a bill by a majority of one,
vote, to reverse and annul the sentence passed
upon Thomas W. Dorr.
The St. Louis Republican states that from
the 1st of January last to the evening of the
4th of February, thirty-eight steamboats have
been badly damaged or totally destroyed on wes
tern rivers. Eleven were consumed by fire, thir
teen sunk and entirely lost, and fourteen badly
damaged by snagging and other accidents.
Baring. Robbery at fiflrt hfl
The jewelry store of Mr SeymtotP
was entered on Saturday evening U
was at supper, (it being then fery
sunset) aud about three thousand
'this place
while he
jrtly after
dollars- in
goods and money tarried off ' ..tij?f W"
The deed was certainly pefpetf jjytffi
well skilled in the art of lock pickl and fcbuse
breaking, for no other; tfould ,KaTi Attempted
such au act at that hour, and in so i ort "a time
performed it,and with such rapid; d skill,
lu eiuue mus iar, me most scwr gus inves
tigation. Mr Seymour locked the ick door of
his store, leaving the key ou the i Aside as was
his custom, and taking of course ttXkey of the
front door with him. Lpbn his re, fira as has
been stated, he found that the fif. door had
been entered by a false key, andseared'on the
inside by a bolt which is attached $ fxl ..which
prevented him from entering. jf oirigro
the back door, he found it opeu Jfhief un
doubtedly having escaped througl Afiis wayi
and in his haste not being very .Tjjctilar un2
der the circumstances left the doq&open.
Our whole community sympathizetGeeply with
ir ocj uiuur, lur me ueavy loss ne UJK tsusihihuu.
He is numbered among our- best KJ'inost1 val
ued citizens, and we regret his m'grtnbes the
more, as his property is the accurav! fiion cf his
own honest industry and perseverir" 'S'trw
borfi-ugh Republican. ? ; "
Mason and Dixon's Jjist''hg4f is ineaut
by Mason and Dixon's line?" sCkcd' a. bright,
blue eyed girl of twelve years ut age, when sit
ting at her father's table, a feday's ago. The
answer was, "It is a phrase wsually employed
to describe the boundary between the free and
slave States." "Rut why do jthey describe it in
that way?" was her inquiry: The answer may
be worth giviug to some of oiir young readers.
Iu the 17th century, James il, of England,
then the Duke of York, gavif certain lands to
Lord Baltimore and William Penn, and a diffi
culty soon sprang up as to tiie proper owner of
these lands on the Delaware. i Again and again
was the affair carried into he Courts, till iu
the year 17C0, when George III. came to the
crown, the Ixird ChaneellorW Enffland made
sprung up in
drawing the boundary lines. Tlie Commissioner
finally employed Messrs Masonind Dixon, who
had just returned from t lie "Cape Vf Good Hope,
where they had been to observe! the transit of
Yeuus. They succeeded in establishing the line
between Delaware and Maryland, . which has
ever since been called "Mason aud Dixon's Line."
Watchman. f Reflector.
Ax Offer of Markiage. An Oregon cor
respondent, iu a recent letter to a Western pa
per, ventures an account, as an opening for some
well recommended young white man iu Oregon,
in want of a wife:
"The Hayns Chief offers one thousaud "head
of horses to any respectable white man, well
recommended, who will marrv his daughter, a
girl of about eighteen, settle down among them,
and teach them agriculture.
"These horses are worth from fifty to eighty
thousand dollars. I have seen this valuable
squaw, fehe is about the medium sitfe,' with tol
erable regular featnres, high cheek bones, slop
ing forehead, black eyes and darkliair. Her
form is square. Her long hair hung over her
shoulders, profusely ornamented .with 'shells and
beads. She wore a robe made of fawn skins,
most beautifully ornamented with beads and
shells. Her step was light and proridf her gait
easy and graceful. ,
" Taxes in Mkxic-o. Sahta Ahui.has -'proclaimed
a door aud window tax threughout the
Republic. A Ycra Cruz .correspondent of the
N. O. Delta, says : ; ,
The rates of this tax are .enormous) and it
applies to the wealthy banker's palace and the
hut of the miserable half-naked Iudian. Some
idea of the extent of the revenue which will be
derived from this tax may be inferred from the
fact that an American merchant here informs
ine that he will have to pay for his house in
town, and ditto in country, with engine house
and other buildings, on a sugar estate, not less
than $800 or $'J00 per annum.
During the last session of the Catholic Na
tional Council held in Baltimore in 1852, it was
recommended to the Catholics of the United
States to contribute towards the funds ,of the
"Society for the Propagation of the Faith,"
which has been responded to, in part, as fol
lows : Diocese of New Orleans, 3,004; Phil
adelphia, $7,770; Baltimore, $2,730; Cincin
nati, $2.000; St Louis, $1,574; Pittsburg, $9G0;
Chicago, $535; Louisville, $533; Buffalo, $480;
Savannah, $428; Richmond, $404; Charleston,
$254; Nashville, $140, Galveston, $100, Natch
ez, $02; New York, $44; Nesqually, $13
total, $16,031. Canada has sent to the Associa
tion during the same year, $22,377. HThe So
ciety's collections throughout the world for the
year have amounted to $958,000.
The Grceusborongh Patriot of the 25th says:
"Every investigation more fully proves the fact,
that there is an abundant supply of a superior
quality of stone coal in Stokes county. .We
saw some specimens this week, taken from the
lauds of Dr. Wm. W.Cole, of Stokesburg, which
is considered a very fair article, aud such as
Dr. C. is using in his smith-shop, though taken
from a depth of only 12 feet. There is every
inducement for farther development of this val
uable mineral. The indications are " that the
coal in this region is almost inexhaustible, as it
has been found at other places in the same vi
cinity, in abundance, and proved by uscr to be
sufficiently pure for practical pnrpqseSj The
coal bed is only some 25 or 30' miles jfrom' the
Central Rail Road." -
A Western Orator. They have orators out
in Illinois, if we may trust the description of a
certain military one, furnished us by a correspon
dent iu that State: It was dog-days, aud a
great hue-and-cry had been raised about mad
dogs; although no person could be found who
had seen one, the excitement still grew by the
rumors it was fed on. A meeting of the citi
zens was called for the purpose of devising plans
for the extermination, not only of mad ' dogs,
but to make safety doubly safe, of dogs in gen
eral. The "brigadier" was appointed chairman.
After stating the object of the meeting, in a uot
very parliamentary manner, iustead of taking
his seat, aud allowing others to make some sug
gestions, he launched forth into a speech of
some half hour's length, of which the following
burst of forensic splendor is a sample: "Fcllur
Citizens! the time has come when theo'crcbarred
feeliu's of aggrawated human uatur' is no louder
to be stood. Mad dogs are 'midst us. heir
shriekiu' yelp and fomy track cau be heerd and
seen on our peraries. Death follers in their
wake; shall we set here like cowards, while our
Tivc-s and our neighbor's lives are in danger from
their dredful borashus hidrofobic caninetyf No
it mustn't be. E'en now my buzum is torn with
the conflictiu' of rath and wengeance, a funeral-
pyre of wild-cats is burnin' in me! I have horses
and cattle; I have sheep and pigs; and I have
a wife and children ; and (rising higher t& the
importance of the subject deepened in hi
mation) l have money out at interest
danger of bein' bit by these cussed mad djl
a in
Rcsolalteus f the Whiff. State Convention.
- The following are the resolutions passed by
the late Whig Convention of North Carolina:
- lJ Resolved, That we cherish a cordial and
immovable attachment to the Constitution and
Union of the States, and it is our determination
to resist every attempt to alienate one portion
our country from the rest, and to enfeeble the
sacred ties which link together its various parts.
' 2. Resolved, That we disapprove the legisla
tion of Congress by which the Public Lands, the
common' 'property of all the States, are so
often appropriated for the sole and exclusive
benefit of the new,; States; and we "insist, and
shall continue to insist that the State of North
Carolina should receive her equal and just share
of the same for purposes of education and In
ternal Improvement within the State.
3. "Resolved, Tiiat we reaffirm the resolution
of the last AVhig Convontion on the Compro
mise measures of 1850, which declares them a
final settlement iu principle and in substance,
of the dangerous and exciting subjects to which
they relate, and that we are in favor of the doc
trine of non-intervention by Congress on the
subject of slavery within the territories of the
United States, now held or hereafter to be ac
quired. . ;
i -41 Resolved, That we., most decidedly con
demn the action of the President and his Cabi
uet in their recent interference in tle local elec
tions of sovereign States, and regard their con
dnct as alike calculated to detract from the
dignity of their station and subversive of the
dearest rights of a free people.
5. Resolved, That the conduct of the pres
ent Administration in the appointment of "Free
Soilers" to office is an unjustifiable insult to the
southern portion of the Union, and in violation
of the pledges upon which the party went into
6. Resolved, That wc are of opinion that the
people of North Carolina desire a change in the
Constitution of the State, and that this can be
most wisely and safely done by a. convention
of delegates elected by the people. Therefore
we recommend to the Legislature to call such
Convention, and in submitting the election of
delegates to the people, so to provide as to pre
serve the present basis of representation in the
7. Resolved, That wc are in favor of increas
ing the efficiency of our present Common
Schools, so that the blessing of a liberal educa
tion may be freely diffused throughout the
8. Resolved, That wc are in favor of a liberal
system of Internal Improvement on the part of
North Carolina, and especially recommend the
extension of the North Carolina Railroad Ea:;t
and West to the. favorable consideration of the
next Legislature.
9. Resolved, That the President appoint an
Executive Committee of nine, whose duty it
shall be to act for the whig party in the ap
proaching campaign.
The Sews by the Luroya.
The intelligence brought by the Europa on
Saturday, varies but little in its positive features
from the previous aspect of the war question.
We gather, however, from the statements and
rumors of which it is made up, an impression
decidedly favorable to the chances of u pacific
termination of the difficulty.
We learn, iu the first place, that instead of
being confined, as it was at first supposed, to
the extravagant and inadmissible "counter pro
ject" which he had presented to the Court of
Vienna, Count Oiioff was furnished with a se
cond aud modified proposition, which he subse
quently delivered to Count Ruol, but which the
representatives of France and England refused
to entertain, under distinct orders from their
governments. This fact would seem to indicate
that the Emperor's mind is far from being
positively made up as to the course he will pur
sue, and that the door is still open to negotia
tion. The Vienna correspondent of the Lon
don Chronicle appears to write under the im
pression that the question would be settled by
arbitration, and he states his conviction "that
something of importance, that is to say, some
thing of a peaceful character, was in the wind."
The Czar is said to be suffering from a severe
attack of bile, no doubt caused by the anxieties
and perplexities by which he is beset; so that it
is not improbable that when Count OrlofF re
turns to St. Petersburg he may receive fresh
instructions to carry out the objects of his mis
sion to which the famous counter-project ap
pears, after all, to have been only intended as a
mask on the principle of the Irish agitator,
who always inculcated the expediency of askiug
for much, in order to obtain part. The Emperor
of the French has, as we have stated, written
to the Czar to make a last appeal to his good
sense; so that matters seem to be generally
tending towards the point at which it was al
ways our opinion they would arrive, namely
the adjustment of the questions at issue by a
general congress of the European Powers.
From the scat of war we have nothing of a
very decided character. The menaced attack
upon Kalafat had not as yet taken place. Some
small advantages had been gained by the Turks
at Giurgevo and one or two other places, but
they did. not affect in any serious way the re
spective positions of the belligerents. The allied
squadron were to return to the Black Sea on
the 28th ult., having under their protection two
Turkish convoys freighted with men and ammuni
tion for the scene of operations. Ar. Y. Herald.
The Scpply of Breadstitffs. It is said that
large purchases of brcadstuffs have been and
are now being made in the New York market,
ou speculation, in anticipation of a general war
in Europe, and it is these transactions that run
prices up but it is quite certain, says the Ex
press, that as soon as the river and canal navi
gation is resumed, the stocks on hand in the
sea-board cities will be so materially augment
ed that it is difficult to see how an abatement
is not to be an immediate result. The present
famine prices cannot long be maintained. At
the East, we see immense supplies are pouring
into Boston from almost every sectiou, at the
rate of 8,000 to 10,000 barrels a week. The
stock on hand is estimated at not less than 100
000 barrels. The same may be said of Port
land. The store-houses there are said to be
literally clioaked up with Canadian descriptions
of flour. The stock on hand at New York is
also very large.
Northeastern Railroad. We know that the
community and all parties interested in the
success of this enterprise, will be gratified to
learn that the Directors have entered into a
contract with T. C. Wye, Esq., an energetic
and honorable capitalist, by which it' will be
completed at a much earlier day than had been
anticipated. The terms of the contract are
one-half cash, one-fourth in bonds, and one
fourth in stock, the Road to be completed by
the first of July 1855. Mr Wye's contract ex
tends over the entire part of the Road which is
already arranged for. The Company by this
contract have removed many serious obstacles
hitherto existing, and it is to be hailed not only
as a harbinger, of bright things for the Road
Jjlsclf, but as a proof of the dilligence and saga
city of its controllers. Charleston Mercury.
A Curious Story.
A young Parisian, traveling to Amsterdam,
was attracted by a remarkably beautiful house
near the canal. He addressed a Dutchman,-
French, who stood near, in the vessel, with :
"l'ray, sir, may 1 ask to whom that honse
answered- him in his own
language : .
"Ik kan net verstan,"
(I not understand
The Parisian, not doubting he was understood,
took the Dutchman's answer for the proprietor's
"Oh, oh!" said he, "it belongs to Mr Kani
ferstau!" 'Well, I am sure he must be very
agreeably situated! The house is most charm
ing, and the garden appears delicious! I don't
know that 1 ever saw a better! A friend of
mine has one like it, near the river Choise;
but I certainly give this the preference!" He
added many other observations of the same kind
to which the Dutchman made uo reply.
When he arrived at Amsterdam, he saw a
most beautiful woman walking on the quay,
arm in arm with a gentleman. lie asked a
person who passed him who that charming lady
was; but the mau not understandidg French,
replied : -(
"Ik kan net verstan." ;-'
"What, sir!" exclaimed our traveller, "is
that Mr KanifersAaii's ifctfevliose house is near
the canal? Indeed this -gentleman's lot is en
viable, to possess such a noble house and so
lovely a companion!"
The next day, when he was walking, he saw
some trumpeters playing at a gentleman's door,
who had got the largest- prize in the Dutch
lottery. Our Parisian, wishing to be informed
of the gentleman's name, it was still answered:
"Ik kan net verstan."
"Oh!" said he, "this is too great an accession
of good fortune! Mr Kanifer'stan proprietor of
sach a line house, husband to such a beautiful
woman, and to get the largest prize in the lot
tery! It must be allowed there are some for
tunate men in the world!"
About a week after 'this, our traveler saw a
very superb funeral. He asked whose it was
"Ik kan net verstan," replied the person of
whom he inquired.
"Oh. gracious!" exclaimed he; "poor Mr
Ivauiferstau who had such a uoble house, such
an angelic wife, and the largest prize in the
lottery! He must have qnitted this world with
great regret! But I thought his happiness was
too complete to be of long duratiou!"
He then went home, rcflectiujr ou the insta
bility of human affairs.
Marriage bv Proxy. A correspondent of
the National Intelligencer writes :
"It is but recently that I became aware of
the fact that marriages by proxy were allowa
ble in the Old Dominion. Some years ago a
sable son of Africa, called General a title
which he had not earned by gallant services on
the battle field, neither had he acquired it as
Gen. Mnthew Arhiu-kln ilirl hie rf th
- u -7 IIIVj OtllllL'
grade, but had received it from his sponsors in
baptism, it lie ever had any sued and won the
love of a colored lady sporting the rurul name
of Milken Sally. A day was fixed for their
wedding; the officiating clergyman being a col
ored gentleman, slave on au "adjoining planta
tion, a stickler for dignity, and a firm" believer
in the resolutions of '98 and 99. Those who
needed his services had to go to his cabin.
General and Milken had to make the most of
it, as Mahomet would not go to the mountain
remained for the mountain to go to Mahomet.
The eventful evening at lenirth arrived- thr
guests are assembled, the groom has come, but
! the bride is missing. The venerable clergyman
J at length becomes impatient, expresses his as-
lonisnment at JHUkm's absence; when the
General, rising from his seat, thus delivers him
self: "Look here, broder Cullifer, its no use
waiting for dat darkee; I knows her like a book;
she bin gone to sleep, setting fore de fire. Use
authorized to speak for her ; so jes go ahead
jes de same if she was here." Old Cullifer
thought it a wise suggestion, and proceeded to
unite them in the holy bonds of matrimony.
When the General went over to Milken's cabin,
sure enough, there she was fast asleep by the
fire with some of her wedding finery in her hand.
She was terribly provoked to learn that her
wedding had come off and she was not there."
A modern medical writer has a word for pa
rents who expose their children's limbs to the
cold. We commend the advice to all who in
dulge in this practice : "I cannot pass without
a word upou the barbarous regimen which cus
tom and the ignorant convictions of many pa
rents have prescribed for infants and young
children. I allude to the practice of half-dressing
children, which is adopted in almost all
weathers, sometimes with a view to show olf,
sometimes, as it is said, to invigorate and 'har
den' the child. The continued impression of
cold thus allowed to be made on the arms,
shoulders, legs, and often bodies, of young chil
dren, must result, unless the power of the sys
tem be very great, in gradually establishing a
congestive circulation, that will favor the de
velopment of tubercles in the lungs or mesen
teric glands, of dropsy of the brain, chronic di
arhoea, bronchitis, catarrh, and so on, to say
nothing of the multitudes of the little sufferers
cut off by croup, and other acute ' inflamations.
Parents should know, and not forget, that chil
dren have less power of generating heat than
adults ; and that consequently in cool or cold
weather, their bodies and limbs should receive
as careful an envelopment ,aud protection as
those of grown persons liable to the same degree
of exposure; for a more careful the selfish at
tention of the latter to their own comfort and
health will hardly admit of."
We have been shown another counterfeit $20
bill of the Bank of Georgetown. The signa
tures of the Cashier and President are well ex
ecuted, but the vignettes betray its spurious
origin. On the left in the genuine is a female
bust, and on the right the figures 20 enclosed in
a wreath. On the left in the counterfeit is a
vignette of an eagle on a shield, with a scroll in
its beak containing the words Stale Sovereignty
National Union, and ou the right a full lenirth
figure of an Iudian woman with a spear in one
hand, the other resting on a shield. The paper,
also, of the counterfeit has an oily appearance'
and is somewhat lighter and thinner than the
genuine. Charleston Courier.
Parson Brownlow, in exposing a defaulting
subscriber, who has "fled to parts uuknown,"
owing him six dollars, uses the following tall
language :
Let him be published in every journal in ex
istence, until his defalcation is known; and up
on the waves of the Euxine let his mcanuess be
borne along with the shrieks of the drowning
Austrians, and the groans of the dyiug Turks!
And may the deep-dyed waters of the Danube
hide his body from the eye of man, when the
sabre of the Cossack and of the Turk shall have
drank deeply of his blood! And may the close
of 1854 never permit the sun to shine upon
another rascal, who may abscond in our debt,
too mean and too dishonest even to write us
and premise to pay !
Talleyrand and Arnold.
There was a day when Talleyrand arrived in
Havre, hot foot from Paris. It was the dark
est hour ot the French Revolution. Pursued
by the blood-hounds of the Reign of Terror
stripped of every wreck of property or power'
lalleyrand secured a passage to America, in k
ship about to sail. He was a beggar and a
wonderer to a strange land, to cam his daily
bread by daily labor. J
'Is there an American staying at your house"
he asked the landlord of the hotel. 'I am
bound to cross the water, and would like a letter
to a person of influence in the New World.'
The landlord hesitated a moment, then re
plied 'There is a gentleman up stairs, either from
America or Britain, but whether American or
Englishman, I connot tell.'
He pointed the way, aud Talleyrand, who
in this life was Bishop l'riuce and Prime Minis
ter ascended the stairs. A miserable suppli
ant he stood before the stranger's door, knocked
and entered.
In the far corner of the dimly lighted room,
sat a man of some fifty years, his arms folded
and his head bowed on his breast. From a
window directly opposite, a flood of light pour
ed out over his forehead. His eyes looked from
beneath the downcast brows and ira-wA mi
Talleyrand's face with a peculiar and searching
expression. His face waf striking in outline;
the mouth and chin indicative of an iron will.
His form, vigorous, even with the suows of fif
ty, was clad iu a dark but rich and distinguish
ed costume.
Talleyrand advanced stated that he was a
fugitive and under the impression that the
gentleman before him was an American, he so
licited his kind and leeung ouiccs.
lie poured forth his history in eloquent
French and broken English :
1 am a wanderer an exile. I am forced to
fly to the New World, without a friend or home.
You are an American! Give me, then I be
seech, you, a letter of yours, so that I may be
able to earn my bread. 1 am willing to toil
in any manner the scenes of Paris have seiz
ed me with horror, so that a life of labor would
be a paradise to a career of luxury in France.
You will give me a letter to oue of your friends?
A gentleman like you have doubtless many
menus r
The strange gentleman rose. With a look
that Talleyrand never forgot, he retreated to
wards the door of the next chamber, his eyes
looking still from beneath his darkened brow.
He spoke as he retreated backward his
voice was full of meaning :
'I am the only man born in the New World
who can raise his hand to God aud say I have
not a friend not one in all America!'
Talleyrand never forgot the overwhelming
sadness of that look which accompanied these
'Who are you?' he cried, as the strange man
retreated to the next room, 'your name?'
'My name,' he replied with a smile that had
more mockery than joy in its convulsive expres
sion 'my name is Benedict Arnold!'
lie was gone. Tallcyraud sunk into a chair
gasping the words
'Arnold, the traitor!'
Thus, you see, he wandered over the earth,
auotherCaiu, with a wanderer's mark upon his
brow. Even in that secluded room at that Inn
at Havre, his crimes found him out and forced
him to tell his name that name the synonymc
of infamy.
The last twenty years of his life arc" covered
with a cloud, from whose darkness but a few
gleams of light Hashed out upon the page of
The manner of his death is not exactly known.
But we cannot doubt that he died utterly
friendless that remorse pursued him to the
grave, whispering John Andre! in his ear, and
that the memory of his course gnawed like a
canker at his heart, murmuring, forever True
to your country, what might you have been, oh!
Arnold the Traitor!'
Great Sale of Cattle. At the last Court
day in Paris, Ky , the sale of cattle amounted
to over $150,000. The auctioneers sold over
900 mules, and their aggregate sales amounted
to $94, S(j;j. Several auctioneers were busy
through the day.
a n n i v i: l) A t f a y i: x t jj v i J. i, k ,
Feb. 25 Steauiors Fanny Lnttorloh and Kowan,
vitli boat Urofiklyn iu tow, and goods for J W Jak r,
1 Taylor, J O boon t Co, T J Johnson, H & K J billy,
nillow.v, T fc$ binds!--, Kay fc I'earoe, JV IWm-h
it Co. JoncH & bett, K Mitchell. 1) McDonald, YVHlkhies
& Co. K Little. T bullock, W II Tnlly. A W Steel, J .fc
T Waddill. K .1 Hale & Son. G W (idldston fc Co, S J
Hinsdale, W II LiiUt rloli, W J McDiarmid, 1 1 John
son. I fc W MeLiun in. K W Kinlaw, Ji Hose, Kinjr fc
Ik'jje, C Little, II L Myrovcr t Co, C K Let te, W Mc -Intyre,
J GCook. S W Tillinphast & Co, C D Nixon, H
Gilmorc, T C Fuller; TS Lutterloh.
Feb. ti Steamer Fairv (OrreH's lirn with full
freight for sundry persons.
Feb 2.1 Steamer Evergreen, (Frank t Jerry lino,)
with 101 hhds. Molasses, for merchants of this pluce and
Feb 27 Rtr John II. Ilaughton, Capt. Lamon, from
up the l iver, for Wilmington, having charge of three
tow boats loaded with 2200 bids Kosin.
Feb27 Str Southerner (Frank & Jcrrv Line) with
jroo.l3 for Hunt. Addevton A Mcliary, C THaigh ASon,
G W Lawrence, Goddard fc Co, Jienbow, Kyle & Co (3
E Lecte. Worth .fc Utlev. Cook A- J
ton, A .1 O'JIonlon, II Freeman, W B Robeson, J li
nan, iv is, j, jones, w iwmltnll.
Feb. 28 Str Chatham, with gocrtn for J Worth & Son
It G Lindsay. K Mattel. W A
C F Deems, Earnhardt & None, II W Ji 5 Ijoxch! Lind-
rij ..iiiuiigwi, u .iiurpny, ti. r worm, II C I'ortcr, M
Grecntrec, Island Ford Co. II L Mvrover & Co, Sted
litau & Home. Houston Overbv, M N Learv A Son.
r : i t i.
o uiiniiT, j.anKin v .McLean, Jas Alclver, J M A
Drake. Shelly A Fields, C N McAdoo, J Gordon. Geo
W Wiliams & Co, Jones Watson, Murcbison, lieid &. Co,
McCulloch & Co, Gray & Sanders, Stanley & Murrow,
C G Yates, A A McKtthan, J Utley.
Feb. 24. Schrs Mist, Maria Jane, Ocean, Lillie Saun
ders, and Marine, from New York Sclir C A Hecksht r
from Philadelphia Sclir Topaz with corn from llvde.
26lh. Schr Henry Atkins from Cardenas. March 1.
Schr AVm Smith, Brig Lincoln, Schr A. J, DeKossett,
Schr Wake, from New York.
I do hereby certify to the public, that a child of
mine, four years old, being troubled with worms, I was
induced to purchase a bottle of Dr. M;Lanc"s celebrated
Vermifuge, which I administered; and the result was,
it brought away an immense number of wonnn in bun
ches and strings ; many had the appearance of being
cut to pieces. My child is now enjoying most excel
lent health. I take pleasure in recommending it to
both young and old as one of the best medicines I ever
used. Mrs. ANN JEMISON, 38 Ninth st.
The above valuable remedy, also Dr. M'Lane's Liver
Pills, can now be had at the Drug Store of Samuel J.
Hinsdale, Fayetteville.
Jesse Wilson, late of the county of Sampson, North
Carolina, lias left for parts unknown, and is indebted
to us, aud Laving taken with him assets sufficient to pay
his debts, we will give the above reward for satisfac
tory information of his present location, if within the
jurisdiction of any Court of law iu the Ujiited States.
Said Wilson i alout 40 years of age, wiih red coin
plection, of medium size, and bad principles.
1 J. & T. WADDILL.
Fayetteville, N. C, Feb?y 24, 1854. S2-3t
1 two JTorse Wagon, second-hand. 1 Harness
norse, gentle. Also, 1 unimproved Lot in Campbell-
ton, iiius. j. JUllASUJV.
IVly IS, 1S54.

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