THE NORTH C A R 0 L I N I AN4 F A Y E T T E V I L L E, N. C.
FAYETTEYILLE, N, C.
Saturday, JVovembev 25, 1S54.
to which she has always been entitled, and from
which she has ever been kept.
James T. .Marriott, Esq., of Wake, was theft
C1R COI XTY FAIR .
On Wednesday inorninr last the first Agri
cultural Fair for Cumberland Couutv com-!,-..,.! w,.. III
ji'ii iau'i'tiij"..?, in 10.' a. j j . v t. j . - ..,, ...................
jnenccd. At an early hour the ground was '.Jane McLean painting dip; J S Wear Daguerreotypes,
crowded with visitors, exhibitors, and articles I dip; R Roberts oak Training door dip: II W Black
intended for exhibition. It was indeed a good I ail1 walnut painting dip; Wm J Yates for fan-
showing for old Cumberland. There was a ! lntinf?, rtiplo.na; W N TillinKhastbook-bmdig,
. ; dip; A S McNeill farmers gate and latch, pre; do. pat-
handsome collection of cattle, horses, sliecp, j tcnt cliurn aa turilil) cuttt;rT llp; Ravia Mclflic slay
hogs, stallions, jacks, mules, fowls, produce, ! ,;vr fur two story chimneys (his own invention) prom.;
home manufactures, fancy articles, See. Sec. In ; F Shenion garden engine, pnmp. and shower hath, dip;
for open buggy; Houston & Overby double harness,
bridle and martingales, premium; J II fc J Martine tin
i-ornrii otAS3. John Mclveiiar best No 1 rosin; elected Principal Clerk of the Seuate by the fol-
oaiiip;-oii jjoou iiiicivci , ixcies- joe lrick mould
and brick house; II S McNeill best scraper; David Me-
Dufiie centre piece, dip; FM James two wreaths and
mantle ornaments, dip.
Miscellaneous Akticles. Miss Mary 1 Newly 1st
pre. for miniature painting; mrs Wright Iluske 2nd pre
lowing vote: Marriott 05, S. I), Pool, Esq., 46.
On motion of Mr Barringer, George Howard;
Jr Esq., of Edgecombe, was appoiuted Assis
tant Clerk of the Commons; and then Mr Wi'
S. Webster, of Chatham, was appointed Princi
pal Doorkeeper, and Mr W. R. Lovell, of
Surry, Assistant Doorkeeper of the Commons. ;
I he House then adjourned until Tuesday
morning ten o'clock.
Correspondence of the Carolinian.
Raleigh, 2s ov. 22, 1854. ;
Dear Sir: The Legislature organized on
Monday, by the appointment of Warren Wins-
1 P C 1 f tl. O A. .
Archibald Black pleasure boat, dip; D C Carrie lumlier j . J uul wuulJ "s diicukci ui tn oenaiu,
dip; mrs Hinsdale hair bracelet, dip; miss Kate Wil-j and Samuel P. Hill, of Caswell, Speaker of the
l:ams pine burr bracelet, dip: nus J A Pemberton bead j House of Commons. Considering that this was
basket, dip; miss Caroline Xott pine burr basket, dip. j rr "y itislow's first session in the Legislature,
Fruits, Green-house Plants, IJtfjuefs, fyc. : the compliment to him and to his constituents
Drli Robinson oranges, cbesnuts & butternuts; mrs j is very great, and must be gratifying to his
?l Hooper best lemons; mrs Buxton best pears; mrs S c -i " "T i i . -i . a i - '
l.ftvvo.i f,.ft;,, l,.-.-. ir i l ' . r r , , , , iricuus at iiome, no it nus ueen to nis numerous
hetWCeil IrtltT o trottllier hOr.-e.S alSO took ldac.e. A I.eete best nonie.r, .,!, te C. T.uttevloh Wt nnrl Inr.reet
D. W. 0. Denbou 's mare "Fannie Smith," took I !t of green-house plants; P M Hale orange tree with ! frit'11(s nere of a11 parties
another column will be found a list of the arti
On Wednesday afternoon a pacing match ;
took place; Dr. li. C. Williams, J. V. Askew
and John Armstrong: being competitors. As
kew's gray horse took the premium. A match
On Thursday, the Hon. A. W. Tenable de
livered an address of one hour's length. It was
able, appropriate to the occasion, and everybody
appeared highly gratified with it.
We never saw as many people from the country
in Favetteville at one time as were in attend
ance during the Fair. Our streets have been
lined with vehicles of all descriptions, ami all
the public houses crowded with visitors.
The Fair closedTliursday evening at 5 o'clock.
The Executive Committee deserve great credit
for the manner in which they discharged their
arduous duties. The gentlemanly chairman, E.
Jj. Winslow, Esq, is entitled to the thanks of
the whole community for devoting so much
time and attention to this exhibition.
I fruit on it; mrs B Rose lemon and orange trees; mrs J
Martine cactus trancetum; mrs W IJ "Wright handome
j bonnet; mrs E J Hale a handsome boijuet; mrs II L
My rover pyramidal design of cut flowers; miss Fanny
iTilclirist, mrs lliusualc, ana others, exhibited beauti
We have not time previous to going to press
to extend the list further. Next week we will
publish the premiums awarded for Grecian
Embroidery, English and French Embroidery,
Fancy Articles, Cakes, Dread, Wines, Cor
Wc copy the following account of the first day's
proceedings from the Standard :
The General Assembly of North Carolina
convened in the State House in Haleiirh on
Monday last, 20th inst.
The Senate was organized by the election of
Warren Winslow, Esq., of Cumberland County,
as Speaker. The Whigs voted for Mr Cherry,
of Dertic. The vote stood,
For Winslow, Democrat, 25.
For Cherry, Whig, 13.
On taking the Chair Mr Winslow delivered
the following neat and appropriate address :
Senators : I feel grateful for this sigual mark
of your confidence, and too partial consideration.
Indeed, 1 should be less than man were I insen
sible to the hij;li honor of oecimvinr this (lis-
f Ml (VII !w'Kr il 1 ifJlt WMI 1 t lifktli J T m.i V IkA 1w1
milted to say altogether unexpected, ami wholly ! IlIS Wa' to Miulrit1. 11 "PPears that the difficul
uiisonght ly me; an honor, tuc value of whicli
List of Premiums.
The f'Howing list of premiums awarded by
the different judges, we have made up in con
siderable hurry, from a mass of reports. Xo
doubt there are some defects in it, but it is the
best we can do under the circumstances:
, SlaUioiis n nil Torses.
James MeTnfyre I stallion, 1st premium 810: W H
(Jainey 1 stallion 2d premium S.'i; J T "Winslow brood
m;tri'. premium: Jas A Ryrne year old lilly, re;
Jiio H;in i;ii;ton 2 year filly, pre; Mr Massamore saddle
lior.-e. pie; V' U l!dton carriage horses, pre; J Jj
Dryan. Moore eo.. draft horses, pre; Henry Elliott
single harness horse, pre: Dr. licnliow second premium;
Jas Kyle, Jr, draft horse, pre.
li Hall liest, bull :j years old. 1st premium .": II
Elliott :'. year old bull. 2d premium .s": .Inn A Wil
l'ams bull 1 to 2 years dd. pre; Jno A Williams best
bull calf months old pre. .?."; John Evans best milch
cow s;."; llFUiiit, best heifer 2 4o ?, years old, S;; Jno
A Williams lies I heifer 1 to 2 years old. $3.
.ar. s, .Teunrtfs a rid JlTi'cs.
Premiums to John Waddill for best, 2 year old native
mule, to Xathan King for best pair ." year old mules:
to Thomas Minis for best jack; to "W A Evans for best
Je.'iiiett and jack eolt.
Jlns and Sieep.
Joel "Williams 2 pl;s, native, premium $."; John
Waddill best sow. cross breed. 3 years old. $5; do.
best sow 1 to 2 yrs old. pre ?:; Xeill McDugald Ijest
boar, jire ?.; do. 2d best boar, pre S2; do. best boar
years old. pre ."; II Elliott best Cotswold ewe, pre
i?'.'; do. best Cotswold ram pre S"; do. .'5 sotitli down
lambs, pre $3; Hugh McLean best lot of lambs,
J "WSiranire wild jrooi-e. diploma; AV I. Hall 7'oland
geese, dip; Mrs Jno 'J Smith do. do. premium; F Spears
native geese, dip: Mrs 11 Elliott Mtiscova ducks, pre;
DrTCllall muscova ducks, dip; J AV lMpkin aestas j Uj-K)u the administration of its duties.
drake, pre: A Alden f r brahma pootra. Shanghai,! . 3rr I ill was unanimously re-elected Principal
Siiemwcll Slian-hai fowls, i r!, - .,,! Dnuotln limlwo V.n of 1? :i leioii.
VllllVj uwvi oi oini - I' J '
AVilliam Hill was to-day re-elected Secretary
of State, and Robert Strange of Xew Hanover,
was elected Solicitor of the 5th Judicial circuit
the whigs generally voting for Ralph P. Dux
ton of your town.
The Legislature is a very strong one, and
there appears to be a very general and earnest
desire to make this a working session.
Mr Steele to-day introduced in the House a
resolution to raise the salaries of the Governor,
Secretary of State, Treasurer, and Comptroller.
It appears to meet with favor.
It is said the Democratic members meet to
night, to consult in regard to the Senatorial
elections. I will keep you advised of every-
! tiling of interest as it occurs. H
The Message of Gov Re id was sent fn ou AVednesday.
AVe will publish it next week.
just before going to press we learn that
Hon. Asa Diggs and Gov. David S. Reid have
been nominated in caucus by the democratic
party for JJ. S. Senators. Good selections.
Mr Souje and She French Government.
After all the excitement caused by the French
Emperor refusing to allow our Minister to
Spain, Mr Soule, to pass through France on
is immeasurably enhanced by the Haltering
circumstances under which it has been conferred.
And, Senators, if this were any other body
than the Senate of Xorth Carolina were I not
now addressing man' of her distinguished, en
lightened and patriotic sons were not this the
capitol of North Carolina, whose very atmos
phere is redolent of subordination and deference
to right rule, and just authority a decent and
becoming distrust of my abilities might have
led me to decline presiding over your delibera
tions. I owe it also to myself to declare that while
1 bring to this place no experience whatever
of parliamentary usage, I bring to it a heart
swelling with love to North Carolina, and with
devotion to her interests. 1 approach this chair
not as a mere political partizau, but with the
hope of being indeed the Speaker of the Senate
of North Carolina, and of the whole Senate;
and I shall rely with perfect assurance upon
your kind support, and 1 invoke now your gen
erous forbearance for the many errors I foresee
1 shall commit.
With these declarations, and with renewed
expressions of my grateful feelings, and with
fervent wishes that your legislation may re
dound to the welfare of our beloved country, I
accept, with unaffected diffidence, the high and
honorable trust confided to me, and enter now
cochin f'liina fowls, pre;
dip; John Haruian mongrel fowls, dip; Mrs F IIol
lingsworth turkey cock, dip; Mrs 11.15 Smith turkey,
pre; Mrs Mary McDugald turkeys, dip; Hugh McLean
turkeys, dip; do. wild turkey, pre; AYni Hmke turkey.
dip;Hiiirli Me Lean black Shan-hai fowls, dip; Dr T C
Hall cochin China cock, dip; A J AVoodward .' native
fowls, dip; Mrs Jona Evans fre.eland cl-nckens, dip;
John AVai'.dill game chickens, pre; MrsJ AV Sandford
Shanghai chickens, dip; Mrs 11 Elliott for various
fowls, pre and dip.
AVm McMillan for largest yield of corn on 1 acre,
(being 4't 2-7 bushels) sandy land, 1st premium 2.";
Joel AVilliams for best crop hay raised on 1 acre swamp
land (being 3s(!4 lbs.) premium. The judges state
that larger crops of corn than Mr McMillan's were
raised on 1 acre in the county, but failing to produce
certificates they could not be considered.
f!eo AV Pegram 1 superior bale Cotton, diploma;
Silas Douglas 1 bid family Flour, diploma, put up in
was unanimously elected Assistant Clerk
James Page, of Randolph, the old and faith
ful Doorkeeper, was unanimously re-elected to
that office, and John M. Vogler, of Rowan, was
elected Assistant, over Mr Couch, by a vote of
2S to 14. . .
The House of Commons was called to order
by Mr Pool, the late Clerk; after which the
oat hs of office were administered to the members.
Ou motion the House proceeded to the elec
tion nf (i Siionk-pr Air Dorteh of AVavne. !
nominated Samuel P. Hill, of Caswell; and" Mr eight pounder received by the
.journal last weeiv.
Turner, of Orange, nominated J. S. Aims, Esq.
of the County of Granville. -The House then
voted as follows :
Fon Ma Ibi.i. Messrs Dorteh. Gentry, AA'hite, of
liladen. Meares. Shei rell, Shepherd. CoiieM, McDuilie.
Iiadham. Oglesbv. Long. A 1) lleaden. Cotton, Jarvis,
Wriulit. X 1 Whftlield. Darnes. David AVilliams, AVaugli,
Fh lit, Martin, bullock, Lvon, AYhite of Gaston, Stlby,
irticles reflect great credit on ! Love, Sutton, Cansler, Myers, black, Tomlinson. A
ty has been satisfactorily adjusted by Louis
Napoleon's revoking the objectionable order.
The papers generally throughout this country
viewed the affair as an insult to the U. States,
and Mr Buchanan and Mr Mason, our minis
ters to England and France, viewed it in the
same light. A correspondent of the N. York
Herald, writing from Loudon under date of
Nov. 3d, says:
Don Piatt, Secretary of the United States
Legation at Paris, has just come over with
despatches for Mr Buchanan in relation to the
discourtesy of the French Government to the
American Minister to Spain. Louis Napoleon,
on last Sunday invited Mr Mason to a private
interview at the Palace. In the course of dis
cussion, Mr Mason took occasion, with great'
firmness, to let his Majesty understand to the
full the disastrous consequences of a war with
America, and that he had no doubt ou his
mind as to the course which the American
Minister to Paris should pursue in the premises.
That he should at once, without proper expla
nations were given by the French court, assume
the whole responsibility of the consequences,
and ask for his passports. Louis Napoleon
seemed as if just awakened to the bearing of
American men and things upon European mat
ters. His note to Mr Mason, withdraws all
objection to Mr Soule's fr.ee passage through
France. Louis Napoleon moreover invites Mr
Soule to proceed through the Empire on his way
It is said that Louis Napoleon has been so
fully convinced by the turn this affair has
taken, of the impolicy of attempting to put a
bridle on a wild Yankee nation, that he has
resigned himself to a perfectly amicable behav
iour, at least until Se bastopol is really en prise.
Rig Potatoes. Mr Duncan Malloy, resid
ing near Lumber Bridge, has sent us a sweet
potato weighing live and a half pounds. That
was "some potatoe," but not quite equal to the
the gentlemen producing theifi
Mrs John Evans ." lbs butter. 1st pre; Mrs Jno A
AVilliams lariresi lot butter at one churning, pro; and
diplomas to Mrs AVm T Smith. Mrs AA'm Iluske. Mrs
Joel Williams. Mrs Jas F Marsh, and John 1 McLean
Domestic JTif n n-facta res.
First Class Mrs John Elliott for best carpeting
1st premium and dip; Misses Eiiy McFaydcn and Mary
Mcriiersoii for carpeting, dip: Airs Farq'd Smith for
domestic blankets, premium; Mrs S J Hinsdale silk
patch work quilt, dip; Mrs M M Starr 2d best silk
patch-work quilt, dip: diplomas to Airs Jas Kyle. Airs
E M Johnson, Mrs Dr Pleasants. Miss Eliza Gillis, Aliss
Mary A Dutler. Mrs C F Hollingsworth. Miss Charity
AVilliams. Mrs Catharine Eittle. Mrs AVm McMillan,
Mrs John McDugald. and Mrs A AV Steel, for quilts.
Skconu Class Mrs J A AVilliams for best woollen
counterpane, pre; Mi- Mary Mcl'herson and Mrs E
McGary. Airs Jos McKcthau, Mrs SaUie Smith, Miss L
Stark, Mrs C M AValker, Mrs AV T Smith und MrsMc
Kellar for counterpanes, pro; Mis Farq'd Smith blan
ket jeans, pre.
JSIu itv fact u res not domestic.
Premiums of $2 each to beaver Creek Co. for manu
factured goods. I'nion Mill for Yarn. Jacob Ottarburg
r..,. .MMttrcss. A M Camobell for tallow candles. I) &- AV
MnT.Miir'm for sueim candles, Charles Dank
candy, R V Smith fur plow lines. David Gee for hats,
David Murphy for 1 ream printing paper.
1'i:;st Class. Tho C Fuller best 1 horse wagon 1st
premium SO: Hugh McLean steel hoe cultivator and
extending cultivator, each pre $1; Hector S McNeill
best subsoil plough, pie. 1; Robt AVilliams colter
plough, pre. SI
Skconu Class. Dincaa. McXeill for bedstead, 1st
premium; premiums were awarded for grain cradle,
thrasher, and grain fan, but the committee in their re
port did not state to v. horn.
Tniui) Class. S D Pipkin best pine turpentine bar
rel 1, pre; G AV Laurence for truss hoops, pre; AVm Cole
man for spirit barrel, pre; G AV Lawrence 2d prem for
gpirit barrel; premium to A A MeKcthan fori close
Carriage and top buggy; premium to Pier & JJrannin
P.ariics, AVatts, Yanecv, Lrvant. T H AVilliams, Mc
Millan, liymim of Northampton, Humphrey, Jordan,
Stoppixg the Rex on Baxks. The latest
and most improved method used to endeavor to
stop a run on Banks for specie was adopted the
other day by the Board of Directors of the Cen
tral Ohio Railroad Company. They resolved
that the present unusual stringency of the mon
ey market, accompanied as it was with much
tie. J AV Xeal Shaw. Dauuhtrv, AV hitlock, Hill of i distress to all the industrial interests of the
Stokes, llimn. IJand. AVhitakcr. S A AVilliams. Jenkins
I, AVhittteld, Garland. C AV Williams, Lancaster, Hoi-
land. andJJrvson (i3.
community, is large ly attributable to the con
tinual drafts by brokers upon" the banks for
Fok Mit Amis Messrs Barringer, Dargan. AVilkins. i frold; and whereas it is alledged that Adams &
wlctiSS JSTnitmS; j Go's Express Agency is the instrumentality used
bv the brokers lor tne aecoinpiisiimeiit oi men
AValser. Leach. March. D F Caldwell, Johnson. IJ F AVill
iams. Ei. re, R H Smith. Perkins. Daniel. Parks, Sharpe,
Simmons. S Xeal. Leach. Russell. Fatten. Phillips,
Turner. Mann. Craven. Thornbwrgh. Steele, Shipp,
liynum, of Rutherford. Furr, Mordccai, liorton, Car
michael and Cook 4.
Mr Hill voted for Mr Shepherd.
Mr Hill liavimr received a majority of the
votes, was declared duly elected, and was con- ; tra;s of the Central Ohio Railroad, except
purposes in their warfare upon the public,
therefore be it resolved, that the Superinten
dent be instructed to make no contract with
Adams fc Co., as an Express Co., for the trans
portation of express packages in the passenger
ducted to the Chair, whence he made his ac
knowlcdgements for the honor conferred in a
brief but impressive and appropriate address.
It is as follow :
Gentlemen nf the House of Commons :
me; and whilst I feel the responsibilities de-! snch regulation as this would Lo ot serv ice
vnlvmrr liiirtii m n vnf T will n 1 1 i 1 1 lt n k" f tltOHl hi'- i tlJlb OlULC
nnon the condition that said company shall
obligate themselves to refuse to act as the
Agents of the brokers in their drafts upon the
banks iu the territory traversed by the road.
The AYilmim-'ton Herald thinks that some
J62rAn Illinois paper, the Chicago Demo
crat, (whose principles probably do not corres-
ing fully assured that in all things appertaining
to the honor and the dignity of this body I
will have vour undivided aid. We have not
assembled, as you well know, to pass through j pond with its name) savs that all the whigs
lot of; solemn forms and unmeaning ceremonies, but j liave to do to i f t f , AMnrmtf. nartv in
the happiness and the interests ot a great State i , c . , , ,x , .
, l (- , i i -i i that State is to 'et JndoP Doimlas to go
have been conhded to our care and our wisdom, i ouu0e i'uuci o
That we may realise the expectations of all, j around andgire the South Carolina- ccmstructio-u
order and labor should mark our course. If an j the Democratic policy." So Mr Douglas lias
impartial discharge of my duties will preserve ; been talking to the people of Illinois in South
order, then I need give you no assurance that j CaroIiua style has lie. AVeU that,g a Tery g0od
contusion and delay will bo unknown among us. I " L & a J
The labors before iis are not of minor jraporj style, and shows that he has placed himself. m
tance; ail sections of the State are stretching j opposition to abolitionism in earnest.
forth their hands and asking us to relieve them j "
from hardships and sweep away the barriers! Ckaxp I'ahaoe. The Don Quixote Inviuci
that divide them from comforts and a prosper- j blcs made a ludicrious showing on Thursday.
ous commerce, in timnir xuisaia as wc snouiu
do, let us know no east, no west, but guided by
prudence and patriotism Ictus give aid where
ever the interests and honor of 'orth CaroIiua
may require; let us by a wise and liberal policy
elevate her to a- position amoug her sister States
The riders were all masked, and the poorest
horses to be found were used one of the com
pany rode a small ox. They passed through
the Fair Grounds, and greatly added to the
amuscmeut of the occasion.
South Carolina 91. E. Conference.
This body adjourned the first of the week.
We copy a few of the appointments:
Charleston, St. James' church, Wm E Boon;
Cypress, A McCorquodale; Georgetown, C II
Pritchard; Black River, Wm W Jones; Marion, B Eng
lish; Barnwell. S Jones; Orangeburg. 1) J Simmons;
Wadesboro. O A Darby; Camden. Jas Stacy; Cokes
lmry, 11 II Duraut. Next Conference to "be held at
Marion, S. C.
f "How the Carolinian can pretend that Pierce
and Douglas "supported the bill as a measure
of justice to the South," in the face of their
ovvn declarations of adverse reasons, we cannot
understand. Where does it find any such rea
son assigned by either of then;: Ou the other
hand it must know what Pierce said to Clemens,
and what Douglas said in his late speech in
Illinois, all of which were utterly hostile to the
South. These declarations of Pierce and Doug
las have been often stated in this and other
papers, and never denied, Does the Carolinian
deny their correctness? and if so, upon what
authority V Observer.
AVe do deny that President Tierce ever said
anything to Mr Clemens, or anybody else, that
showed hostility to the South, and our authori
ty for the denial is Mr Clemens himself.
It will be remembered that the Hon. Jere.
Clemens, of Alabama, wrote a very indiscreet
letter to a paper published in Alabama, in
wliich he misrepresented Gen. Pierce by stating
that he (Pierce) .held the -Nebraska bill as a
northern measure, and expressed surprise at
the opposition it met with at the Xorth, and
the favor it received at the South. Now Mr
Clemens soon found out that he had done the
President injustice, for he addressed him an
apologetic letter, which we republish for the
benefit of the Observer, and all others who
have committed the error of charging Franklin
Pierce with entertaining inimical feelings to
wards the South :
Washington, D. C, March 24, 1854.
Dear sir : You have called my attention to
a late letter of mine to N. Davis, jr., Esq., and
particularly to the following sentence:
"He expressed great surprise at the opposi
tion it met from the North, and equal surprise
that the South should bC willing to take it."
At the time the conversation to which that
sentence alludes tood place, I was walking back
wards and forwards across the room, and should
not have noticed it if you had not remarked that
3'ou had no concealments upon the subject, and
that you were glad I was present to hear it.
In my letter to Mr Davis I did not pretend
to give your language, except where quotation
marks are used; and, from subsequent conversa
tion with you, I think it very probable that I
misunderstood the purport of your remarks
upon this particular point. Your surprise may r
have been expressed that the true men of the
North should hesitate to vote for Douglas'
bill when the South was willing to take it; if
I had paid attention to the whole conversation,
I doubt not such would have been the impres
sion left on my mind.
I have never sought a conversation with you
upon the subject of the Nebraska bill; but every
time I have heard you mention the subject you
have uniformly expressed yourself warmly in
favor of the principles of the bill, viz: the prin
ciple of the right of the people of the Territo
ries to regulate the qnestiou of slaver' for them
selves a doctrine from which I dissented; and,
as I knew we were not at all likely to agree, I
sought no discussion of the question.
You have assured me always that 'ou thought
it best for the whole country, and insisted that
patriotic men in both sections ought to take it.
I thought the South must be the loser. I think
so now. I understood you to place it upon the
ground that the principle is right in itself, and,
if it works for or against a particular section,
no one has a right to complain; that you were
for the rights of both sections, and williug to ,
take any consequences that might follow the
practical carrying out of those rights as you
understood them. Verv truly, yours,
Gen. Frank Pierge, President U. S.
By Telegraph to the Petersburg Express.
HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE.
Sebastopol a Mass of. Ruins. Great and Un
precedented Success of the French Chasseurs.
Advance in Breadstuff's.
Poktlam). Me., Nov. 22. A Canadian screw pro
peller Steamer arrived here this morning with Liver
pool dates to the 7th, being three days later than the
Asia's news, which was tnQhe 4th.
She reports wheat as having advanced two shillings
The Russian ships liarc been drawn up close to the
quays of Sebastopol under shelter of the batteries; but
the allies were preparing to pour red hot shot into
them, with the hope that they would be either dislodged
Lord Dunkellen had been made prisoner by the
English accounts say that the Russians have been re
pulsed at Balkalava. with a loss of one thousand killed.
The very latest states that the attack ou Sebastopol
from sea had not been renewed, b'nt the bombardment
from the Heights was vigorously prosecuted.
Fort Constantine. the Quarantine, and the Southern
part of the town had been demolished. The town was
ou fire in several different places.
A private despatch says Sebastopol has positive! v
been captured; that an assault was made on the 3d of
Other despatches say Sebastopol was a mass of ruins !
Important from Havana. New Orleans,
Nov. 20. The Delta publishes a statement re
ceived by the Rlack Warrior, from its Havana
correspondent, to the effect that the greatest
excitement exists in Cuba, and that a rising is
certainly expected in a few days.
Mr Ashe. Hon. Wm. S. Ashe bavins: been
elected President of the Railroad, it has been
surmised that he would resign his seat in Con
gress. The Wilmington Journal says "he has
not resigned but will attend the coining session,
wliich will close his term. There are some mat
ters still to b3 consummated in regard to the
interests of the district, which he desires to see
brought to a close. It will be time enough yet
for some months to talk about the next term.
The election does not come on until August.
Mr' Ashe's election as President of the Road
does not vacate his seat in Congress. It is not
an office under government."
New York. After all it appears that Clarke,
the whig fusion candidate, is elected Governor
having a majority over Seymour of aboot
In Florida the democratic majority on joint
ballot in the Legislalure- is nine, thus securing
the election of a democrat to the U. S. Seuate
in place of Morton, whig. Maxwell, dem., has
a majority for Congress of about 1000, being a
democratic gain of near 900. Florida has in
deed endorsed the Administration.
We publish the following item, but don't
think there is any truth in it:
Reconstruction of the Cabinet. A des
patch from Washington to the N. Y. Herald,
says the Cabinet is to be reconstructed in
Mr Campbell of the Post Office, and Secretary
Guthrie of the Treasury, will go out.
Mr Rreckenridge of Kentucky, is to be At
torney General, and Caleb Cushimr, Esq.,
Secretary of State. Mr Dobbin is to go into the j
lreasnry Department, and Mason, (James M. it
is supposed,) into the Navy.
There will also be an entire change in the
appointments of foreign ministers Mr Marcy
going to England.
gRev. Turner M Jones has been electfd
President of Greensboro Female College in
place of Rev. C F Deams, resigned.
Rev. S Milton Frost, who was recently elect
ed a Professor iu Normal College, has declined
Opposite new Col leg
2.-, lt-54. tf
P. S. I have an excellent lot choice SKGAKS and
fine chewing Tobacco, for sale cheap.
STEAM MILLS KOH. SALK.
The Fayetteville and Western l'lank Boad Company
will dispose of. on favorable terms, two Stcnm "Mills
as they now stand. U-twccn Salem and Bethiinia. perl
sons wishing to purchase w ill please call ou M r Francis
Fries. Salem, (ieorge Makepeace. Bandolph couutv,
or at the Oil ice of the Company in Fayetteville,
J.M. Al. KOSE,
For F. & W. 1'. It. Co.
Nov 2.". 1So4
A V A HI).
JOHN WOIiD rsspectfully informs the inhabitants
of Fayetteville that Ins DANCING SCHOOL is made
up, and that he will commence his Lessons tor Young
Ladies. Misses and Masters on Tuesday. 2Mb Novem
ber, at the Fayetteville Hall at 8 o'clock, p.m. Ho
w ill also commence his Lessons for Gentlemen on tho
evening of the same day. at 7 o'clock.
November 25. lf54
EQUITY LAND SALE.
Pursuant to a decree of the Court of Equity for the
county of Cumberland, upon the petition of Duncan li.
Shaw and others, exparte, I will expose to sale at the
Court House in Fayetteville. on Friday the "th day of
January, .".", the following Iracts of" Land, the pro
perty of the late Charles C. Shaw :
I tract, about 80(1 acres, lying on the waters of Bi"
KockhVh and Nicholson's creek, know n as the .McCasl
kill land, and adjoining the lands of Neill Campbell
Also, about (iOO acres, lying on the wafers of Iiig
Iloeklish, in three different tracts, ad joining the laiids
of L. Dethune. Angus IJay and others, known us tho
.Mclfainey and McLean lands.
Land sold in (iiuntilies to suit purchasers, and lies
within two or three miles of the Centre Plank Uoad,
and is valuable for timber and turpentine.
Terms Nine months credit.
W. A. 1ICSKE, Clerk & Master.
Nov. 25. 21-Ct
Mr Clemens says that the President placed
it (the Nebraska bill) "upon the ground that
the principle is right in if self " that he was 11 for
the rights of both sections." The Observer can't
sustain its charge by any conversation the
President had with Mr Clemens.
The Observer saj's it did not pray for the
success of the party alluded to in our last, in
whose platform the main plank is to be opposi
tion to the Nebraska bill, but that it wished
the "effort to save the Union" success. Wc
are very willing to give that paper the benefit
of its denial, but think the language used in
speaking of the "effort" susceptible of the mean
ing we put upon it. The Observer says:
" But why should we not pray for the suc
cess of the party spoken of? It is hostile to
the Nebraska bill as a violation of the Mis
souri compromise, it is true; but so are nine
teen twentieths, if not ninety-nine hundredths,
of all the Northern people, of all parties. It
does not propose, however, to attempt a repeal
of that bill. What it does propose, and which
should entitle it to the hearty prayers of all
Southern men, is "to oppose all propositions
for the fusion of the whig party with any other
for the purpose of forming a sectional party,
based upon the agitation of the day.' "
The reason why the Observer should not pray
for the success of the party spoken of is this: If
that party is ever organized upon the principle
of decided opposition to the Nebraska bill as a
violatiou of the Missouri compromise, instead
of allaying agitatiou it will certainly be the
means of increasing it. What is the cause of
the present agitation at the North ? Is it not
opposition to the Nebraska bill ? Will the
members of this new party be auy better than
those northern fanatics who are now threaten
ing a dissolution of the Union, if they both act
from the same principle, "opposition to the
Nebraska bill?" We think not; and we sub
mit it to the Observer, would it not be better,
if they wish "to save the Union," for them to
leave off any expression of opposition to south
ern measures ? If, as the Observer says, the
new party does not propose to repeal the Ne
braska bill, we would like to kuow the use of
expressing opposition to it.
Ixcreasixg their Prices. We notice that
in consequence of the high rates of paper the
newspapers in various sections of the country
are increasing the prices of subscription and
Michigan. Bingham, fusion candidate, is
elected Governor. In the Legislature the fusion
ists have a large majority.
In this county, on the 9th inst., bjr the IJev. Daniel
Johnson, Mr Ne.ll Mcluuis to Mis- Margaret McDou
gahl, daughter of th e late Dugald McDougald, all of
In this County, ou Thursda- the 16th inst., by Jas.
S. Harrington, Esq., Mr Neill McLeod, Jr., to Miss
Margaret, daughter of John McLeod, dee'd.
Spirit of the Age please copy.
- In Carthage, on the 22d inst. by Saml. C. JJrtiee.
Esq, Mr John Taylor to Miss Sarah McClanahau all
In Wilmington, on the 17th inst, Mr Jona. Earpe to
Mrs Almira E. Pridgen.
In Stanly county, on the lDtlilnst. Mr Jas A Earn
hardt to Miss Catharine Howell. Also, Mr Henry
Ware of Montgomery, to Mrs Mary Vick.
In this county, near McFaydeirs springs, on the Cth
inst, Mrs Margaret Uitter.
In this town, ou the morning of the 20th inst.. after
an illness of only 2(i hours, Mr Hugh McPberson, in
the 81st vear of his age.
In Wilmington, on the lfe'th, Miss Susan A Price,
aged 58 years. -
FA Y KTTE V 1 1 .LE M A II K KT.
Corrected ireel.li for the North Carolinian.
Novemuek 25, 1854.
7 50 C7y 0 00
7 25 () 0 00
7 00 C 0 00
45 V) 47
1 00 0J 1 10
90 07) 1 00
1 25 (a) 0 00
DWELLING KOIt KENT.
That convenient Residence belonging to Miss E Hy
bart, situated ou Mason and Kaiford streets, is now
offered for Kent. For terms apply to
Nov. 24, 1854. 21-tf
5 tibls. superior Scuppernong Wine for sale by
S. H. STEEL.
Nov. 24, 1854. 21-3t
Willlie sold at the Market Houe. at 12 o'clock on
Tuesday the 2Sth inst.. FOCIl LOTS situated on Cross
Creek, known as the Anderson paper mill site.
Nov 24. It C E. LKETE, Auc.
EQUITV LAND SALE.
Bv virtue of a Decree of the Court of Equity of Cum
berland county, I will proceed to sell, on Tuesday the
9th day of January next, at Nathan K. McDuflie's store
in said county, at public auction, the following tracts
of land lielonging to the estate of the late Levi West,
dee'd, to-wit :
200 Acres lying ou both sides of the Horse pen
226 Acres joining the lauds of Margaret Smith and
75 Acres on the west side of Black Mingo near the
i 1 1- lino
V-U.-.J 1...,. . I . . . A. C, . til t. ft... Kl.tt li.U
14o Acres on lilac k ilingo in Sampson county, near ; ha leu or l oium miMiv .it o iu 3
the line. Corn, market Ix.-tter supplied, sales at 90 cts. Supply
The above lands are valuable fortimler and turpen- ,lf ...... !..-, jii.nii.lant. and prices lower, sales at K cts
tine, and will lie sold on a credit of six months, pur- ' ... u (llo4..t;0a f Flour, sales at
JH 1 rii.-in 1 "1"
-S7 50 for super, at which price the demand is good for
BACON, per lb. 12 07
BEESWAX, per lb. 25 0j)
turrbi'j, per m
COTTON, per lb.
COTTON BAGGING, per yard
Gunny, 18 fi,
Burlaps. () fa
COTTON YARN, per lb, Nos. 5 to 10, 18 fa
CA.MM,U.s, per lb
DOMESTIC GOODS, per yard
FLOUR, per barrel
FEATHERS, per Hi.
FLAXSEED, per bushel,
GRAIN, per bushel
HIDES, per lb-
Dry, 8 fa
Green. 3 fa
LARD, per lb. 12 (
LEAD, per ll. 84 fa
TOBARCO, manufactured, per lb. 15 fa
Liverpool, per sack, 2 00 fa 0 00
Alum, per bushel. 00 fa 00
MOLASSES, per trallon,
Cuba, (new crop) 26 fa
New Orleans, 40 fa
SUGAR, per lb.
Loaf and crushed, 10 fa
St Croix. Portoliico, & NOrleans, 7 fa
IK'JN, per 11
Swecdes, common bar,
SPIRITS, per gallon
A pple do.
N. C. Whiskey,
NAILS, cut, per keK,
LEATHER, sole, per lb.
FODDER, per hundred,
HAY. N. C.
WOOL, per lb. 13 fa
TALLOW, per lb. 121 fa
BEEF, on the hoof, per lb. 4 fa
BEEF, bv the quarter or side, per 11 . 4 4 fa
PORK, per lb. 8 fa
MUTTON, per lb. 5 fa
C1JICKEXS. each, 15 fa
EG GS. per dozen, 12 fa
BUTTER, per lb. 20 fa-,
POTATOES. Sweet, per bushel, 50 fa
Do. Irish, perbbl. 00 fa
REMARKS. Bacon is lower, market well supplied.
1 00 fa, 0 00
C5 fa, 00
fa C 00
fa 0 0(1
fa 1 00
ehnsers triviiifr bonds with annroved security, beariusr 1 "
interest from the date of sale
Nov. 25. 1854. 21-fit
W. A. IIUSKE.
Clerk & Master.
The season has now arrived for setting out all kinds
of hardv Plants and Trees, my stock of which is very
ilrVe ind select. The EVERGREENS include the
nw introductions from Japan. China. South America,
tf. " v ORNAMENTAL TREES, FLOWERING
Shrubs roses, strawberries, raspber
ries. GRAPE VINES, Ac. are the VERY BEST
that can be procured. I have also, a chujf e aud well
crrown lot of GREEN HOUSE Plants.
In the way of Fruit Trees my DWARF PEARS
will give entire satisfaction In.th as to quality and
early bearing. frequently fruiting the second year
aftef being planted; other 'kinds of Fruit Trees will be
Catalogues supplied to applicants.
Address C. LUTTERLOII, Nurseryman,
A few bushels of Bine Grass Seed just received.
Nov. 23. 1854. ' It
export. Spirits Turpentine, demand brisk at full pri
ces, say 45 to 4fi ch per gal. Raw do. $2 50 to $3 25.
WILMINGTON MARKET, Nov. 23.
TiKi-KXTrxE. Since Tuesday morning last, 1,570
bids Turpentine have Wn dhposed of at $3,70 per bbl
for Yeflow Dipping $2,96 for Virgin, and S2 per bbl
for Hard, l-i ng a decline of 13 cents on the bbl for
Yellow, and 4 cts on the bbl for Virgin Dip.
Spirits TrKPEvrrxE. 70 bbls changed hands at 52
cents per gallon.
Rosix 10J bbls No 3 Rosin, sold at $1,40 to $1.50
per bbl as in size of bid, and 1.333 bbls do. at $1,50
per bbl (bbls large.) No sales of Tar that we hear of,
there is Kome in market, for wL ch, $2,75 per bbl has
Timber 3 rafts sold one at $5,50, one at $9, and
one at $10.50 per M feet 1.500 bushels corn from
store, sold at 75 cents per Ittishel and 14 cents each for
the bags. Some small parcels Fayetteville Superfine
Flour was sold at $9.25 per bbl. Fresh Pork selling
from carts at 7 to 8 cents per lb. Com.