Tiff- Mlffiiiffill : iBWME ftM
. . - : : r: i,--. -, - TOKEKS VMfar a;
A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER -Devoted to Politics, the Markets, Foreign and .-.Domestic ' ; Literature, Agriculture, : and General 1 Inn)rniatiqn---.-TWO DOLLARS IX. ADVANCE.
WILLIAM J. YATES, Editor and Proprietor.
FAYETTEVILLE, W. C, SATTJItpAT, DECEMBER 23, 1854:
XV NO. 825.
T IZ It M S
OP SmsCRIPTION TO the carolim&x.
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hancing tho usefulnoss of the paper, tlie proprietor of
fers the following remarkably low
CLUB RA TJ2 S, IJ'lUiL'll;L Y .ID irAJCE:
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Letters on business mi;t be addressed to the under
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Ua(?8 of AdvcrtWng:
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Ihiriy c? fits, for "each paiHjncn; iy;rtj. nnlJif
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For three months,
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their insertion in the nxt
d:iv?H miner, and should have the desired number
ncrtionsmnrked on them, ortherwise they will be
aerted till forbid and char.
IXVL Mill ltC.TIEXTS.
FAYKTTHVII.i.E POST OFFICE.
Mah., (2 lioj-so coacli.)
Due i)ailv at f;s a.
ia. t loses tiaiiy at p
ZM.ur. (4 liorsc coach.)
except Sunday, at (j o'eUick, a. m.
Closes daily, except Saturday, at
xei pt Saturday, at .
T"ne Tuesday, Thursday and S.a urday. at li a. m.
Clows Sundav, Tue: (hi y.';;nd riiiirsdav. at I2j p.
Wit.MiMiT'is' (via ElizalH'tlitown) Sulkev.
Due Sunday. Wednesday, and Friday, at 1 a. m.
'loses Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 9 p.m.
Sai.kji Ma ir., on Plank lload, 2 horse hack.
Due Sunday, Wednesday and Friday, at 3 p.m.
Closes, .Monday, Wednesday and J-ridiiy, at p.
Mahkjn" C. IT. (via Ijiimhci-.ton) Sulkey.
Due Tuesday ami Saturday, at 10 p. in.
Clones Wednesday and Saturday, at D p. in.
Swii'T I.sb.vxo M".-rr. (via Troy).
Due 1 uesuav at 0 p. m. (doses Tuesday at 9
Mail to .S'rnrcKi.Axn'.s Dktot.
Due Tuesday at 2 n. m. Closes Tuesday at
Mail to Ei.iahktiitowx (via Tcrebiuth.)
J)ue Wednesday at 7 p. m. Closes Monday at !) . m
J. E. J5UVAX, P. M.
?I A IS L 12
V A C T O H
to E. W.
)ct. I, lRr.:-V.
.11; WINTER. GOODS,
tho Cape Fear Bank.
.TONES & LETT
Have now in Store a large and handsome Stock of
FALL & WINTER GOODS,
Selected during the past month, by one of the firm,
in the Xew York Market, comprising a large Stock of
Staple and Fancy J) Jl Y ii O O J) S,
Roots, Shoes and Umlrdlas,
Together with a large assortment of line FAMILY
GROCERIES, Confectioneries, &c. all of which they
j,r prepared to oiler to their customers, and all those
wishiug to purchase; select good, at the lowest market
price. Ty Produce taken in exchange for goods.
REUBEN JONES. J- W. LETT.
Sept. lti, 1S.4. y-pd
A. 31. Campbell,
AUCTZDSBRK A. CO.tl.TIISSIOTV 5IEKCIIAXT,
East side of Gillespie street,
Fa YKT f VILI.E, X. C.
October 1, 1851.
The undersigned has now in Store his Fall and Win
ter stock of GOODS, consisting of a general a
DRY GOODS AA'D GROCERIES,
llata. Cans. Bonnets, Boots and Shoe, Sattinets, Cas-
'meres, Linsevs. Flannels. Muslin-de-Lnins. Alpaccas
Shawls, Cravats, &c.
Cotlee. Sugar. .Molasses, lobac-
co. &e. Ac. Ale
a ire n era I and well selected siocK
(M.OTHIN'G. consirting of Coats
Vests. Pants. Shirts and I nder-shirts.
Adamantine, sjierm and pearl Candles; popper, spice
salaratus, starch, line chewing tobacco, &c.
Produce taken in exchange for Goods at market
R. D. DAVIS.
Xorth side of Person St.. next door to F. D. Breece
X. B. All persons indebted to me by note or ac
count are respectfully requested to call and settle im
mediately, as longer indulgence will not be given.
Oct. 1. 1851 y R. I). I.
A man with a small family to take charge of my
Plantation near Fayetteville. on the first of January
next. as an Overseer. Evidence of sober and indus
trious habits will be required.
Dec 2d. tf
JNO. WADDILL. Jr.
A V I I 51 c I t" V V K E ,
MASOX AND PLASTERER,
lnyrttc-ville K. C.
fersons wanting work done in his line will be
promptly attended to by addressing him at theFayette-
ville Post t)ftv
Jan'y 28, 1851 ly-pd
dealers in Foreign and Domestic
Cans, Roofs, Smes I vihrellas
Xorth side Hay street, Fayetteville, X. C.
3S&- Strict attention paiu u omeir-
B. F. PEARCE,
J. B. FERGUSON'.
July 15. 1851
TEAS! TEAS!! .
TTvon Imperial and Oolong, all of first cpiality.
r sale by J- SMITH.
for sale by
The firm of G. W. I. GOLDSTOX & CO. is this
dav dissolved by mutual consent.
uayuisuotu j j GOLDSTOX.
R. W. GOLDSTOX.
, Xot. 17th, 1S54.
THE SUBSCRIBER having purchased the interest
of R. W. Goldston in the late firm of G, W. I. Gold
ston & Co., will still continue to carry on the
Grocery and Hardware Builneu
at the old stand. He invites all his friends to call on
him when, they come to market, and he will try to
make himself useful.
G. W. I. GOLDSTOX.
Nov. 17 th, 1S51. 2C-tf
.STARR & WILLIAMS
Have uow in Store a LARGE STOCK OF
DRY GOOD S,
Hats, Ca,;s, Boots, Shoes, Silk and Straw
UouuotE, Umbrellas, and Ileady-iuade
Which will be told to WHOLESALE BUYERS,
The attention of Merchants is particularly invited to
this Stock. Orders solicited and satisfaction guar
antied. .T. Ii. STARR.
, J.. M. WILLIAMS.
Aug. Itf, 1S5J. 807-tf
Our Fall J and Winter Stock, of
HARDWARE, COOTS, SHOES, HATS, CArS,
II EA D Y-MA UK CLO TIIL'G,
Is now in Store and ready for inspection, embracing
by far the largest and most extensive assortment we
have ever ollered to the trade, and is well worthy the
examination of every Merchant visiting this place.
Particular attention paid to order.
HALL & SACKETT.
August 19. 1851
JTJ-JJr FIRM A A' J) SriuVyr GOODS.
PEARCE & FEI1GUSOX
Are now receiving their Fall and Winter Stock of
D RY GOOD S ,
Hats, Cap?, Bonnet?, Umbrellas, Parasols,
Boots, and Shoes, &c. &c.
With an extensive assortment of Ready-made Clothing.
All of which they offer to purchasers at low prices
aii'l upon accommodating terms.
From long experience, and by strict attention to
business, they hope lo merit a share of public patronage.
Fayetteville, Aug, 17 1854.
SIIEMWELL Sc McDOXALI),
(Successois to P. SiH iiiwell,)
Pealeks in' Stai'I.u axu Fancy
ROOTS AX I) SHOES, HATS AND CAPS,
Also a general assortment of Straw & SilkBOXXETS.
in addition to our stock now on hand, which is very
good, we will ia a few days receive a new supply of
Which w? will sell low for cash or on reasonable time
to punctual customers.
W. R. SIIEMWELL.
A. X. McDOXALD.
East side Green Street.
Fayetteville, Sept 23, lb54. y
J A M E S KYLE
his Fall Supply
Shoes, Hats, Caps, Umbrellas,
Among which are,
and English Merinos, very cheap,
Muslin deLains and Aliiaccas.
Brocade, plaid and plain Silks.
Muslin and Bobiuet, Sleeves and Collars.
Merino and other Shawls, long and square,
Calico and Ginghams,
Silk and Cotton Handkerchiefs,
Best made Boitiuir Cloths.
A large stock of READY-MADE CLOTHIXG,
With many other Goods, all of which being purchased
by the package at the late reduced prices, will be
offered wholesale or retail at very low prices.
September 15, 1854.
Will return from the Xorth the first of October with a
very large stock of
J1ILLI5EUY PASCY GOODS,
And the latest style of DRESS TRIMMINGS and
PATTERXS; Cloth and Velvet Mantillas, Talmas, and
Cloaks; Collars. Under-Sleeves, and inside Capes.
Also a' very handsome assortment of HEAD-DRESSES
She returns thanks for former patronage, and hopes
her patrons and friends will call before purchasing
Fayetteville, Sept. 30, 1854 13-tf
Ii" ALL AN13 WIKTEIt OOOIJS.
AD 7) ILL,
Are now receiving their Fall and Winter GOODS,
consisting of a large and well selected stock of
II ATS and CAPS,
Boots and Shoes,
Saddlery and Leather,
Heavy articles in the
incuts, j and staple Dry Goods.
This Stock we are prepared to job or retail.
Fayetteville, Oct. 21, 1851.
We ask the Planters and Turpentine
men to examine our Kerseys, Negro Blankets,
Hats and Shoes.
M O X K Y
We dislike to allude to unpleasant subjects during
these hard times, but if our customers whose notes and
accounts have been lying over for one and two years,
would call and pay us, we would be thankful. Tf not
convenient to call in person, remittances will do. We
would aunost consent to pay postage for the sake of
the cash. J. & T. WADDILL, Hay street.
December 2d. tf
DWELLING FOll KEJiT.
That convenient Residence belonging to Miss E Ily
bart. situated on Mason and Raiford streets, is now
offered for Rent. For terms apply to
Nov. 24. 1854. . 21 tf
Bl'TTEK) o new snpply.
100 Firkins (Valley Virginia) Butter.
50 " Ashe countv Butter.
Nov 21. 21-tf GEO. McNEILL.
DRY GOODS AND GROCERIES,
FAMILY PROVISIONS, Ae.
Foot of Haymount, Fayetteville, N. C.
tober 7, 1854 tf
All persons indebted to. me, either bv note or ac
count, are requested to cat t and settle bv the first of
January; otherwise they will tied their accounts in an
W. S. FOWLKES.
December 2, 185-1 3m
Debts due the estate of Judge Strange (on account of
the late sales) v"ill be put in the hands of an officer for
collection, unless wttlud by the 1st Jan'y next.
Nov 2-1. 21-tf GEO. MeNELLE, Adm'r.
It being my desire to remove to the West, I will sell
my tract of Land containing Four Hundred Acres, in
two divisions, about one mile apart, on the west gide
of Hog Swamp, adjoining the lands of Messrs J. W.
Powell and Alex. Fuirnore, and from live to six miles
from Pope's Landing on Lumber River. The Laud is
well timbered and line for cultivation. Some of the
land on the Ray will produce fifty hnshels of corn to
the acre. Those wishing to purchase will pleaee call
oa the subscriber at his residence.
" JOHN PREVATT.
Dec 9th. 1851 23-3t
The undersigned having obtained Letters of Admin
istration on the estate of Miss Flora liolin at December
Term, 1S54, of Cumlterlaod Court of Pleas and Quarter
Sessions, hereby notifies all persons having claim
agaimt the estate of his intestate, to present tbem daly
authenticated within the time presented by lavr, or
this twrtice will be pleaded in . bar of their recovery;
v 1 1 i i ututi i tii caw j.o t . .
JOHN" L. BETHEA.
December 9th, 1851
LONDON PORTER !
6 CASKS Bryas' London Porter, quarts, and pints,
just received, and for sale bv the cask or dozen, by
J. X. SMITH.
Dec. C, 1854. 23-4 1
The Subscriber offers for sale hi Plantation on
Little Pee Dee, lying in the Countv of Robeson, N. C,
and Marion District, S. C, containing l.OOi) Acres;
125 of which are cleared and in a high state of cultiva
tion embracing both ligut and stitf soils. These Lands
are heavily timbered with Pine and Oak, and admira
bly located lor tue Lumber, Timber and Turpentine
business. There is upon the premises a comfortable
Cottag'- and all necessary out-buildings, also a Saw
and Grist Mill, all new and located upon a perma
nent stream, and operating upon the latest and most ap
proved plans. Persons wishing to buy will please call
soon as such a bargain is seldom presented.
Apply to the subscriber personally, near Queens
dale P. O., Robeson, or to W. McL. McKay, Favette
ville. who can give any information pertaining to the
Terms will be unusually favorable.
Dec. 9. 1854, 23-3t
VALUABLE AEGUO SAL53.
AViil be sold to the highest bidder, on Saturday the
30th of December, at Floral College, the nesrroes be
longing to the late Sallte McEachiu. in the following
order, viz : PEGGIE and three children, CHAT,
JACK, LOTTIE and LTZA. A credit of ne month
will lie given to purchasers. HEIRS AT LAW.
Dec. y. 1851. 23-Jt
now in Store (received
LARGEST STOCK of
within two weeks
ever offered in this Market
eral assortment of
comprising a gen-
BD UE ami RINK RRINTED,
. -. i Tt 4 -i r., ci
Dinncr, Tea, and Toilet Ware.
These Goods were imported to my own order,
F.xruESSLY to suit the Fayetteville Wholesale
I have as usual, a good supply of
C II I i A and G L A S S I V A 11 E .
Orders will be carefully filled at the
Dec. 9, 1851.
LOOK AT THIS.
On Person Stttet, 5 doors east of Cape Fear Bank.
IIO US TON $- O VERB Y
Respectfully return thanks to the citizens of Fayette
ville and surrounding country for the liberal patronage
they have received, and hope by strict attention to
business to merit a continuance of the same.
They have on hand the following articles, viz :
Saddles of different kinds, Buggy and Carriage
Harness of different qualities, Road Wagon
Harness, such as breeching, &e.
Saddle Bags, riding Bridles of different styles and pri
ces, Martingales, Halters and Halter Bridles: a largo
assortment of Buggy Whips; also drover's, dray and
wagon whips of a good article; wagon Bridles, Collars
and Harness of the very best material and workman
ship: Carpet Bags, Trunks, Buffalo and Bear Skins for
saddle and trunk covers. Horse Blankets, and a good
many other articles.
They will warrant all work to be of good workman
ship and material.
Those wishing to purchase articles in our line are
requested to call and examine our Stock before pur
Fayetteville. Dec. 2, 1S54. Cm
P. S. We particularly request all those in
debted to us to come forward and settle, as we are in
need of money and must have it.
HOUSTON & OVERBY.
THOS. J. JOHNSON
Has just received and is receiving a large and well
selected Stock of
Groceries Hardware al Cutlery,
White Lead, Putty, Coopers' Tools, Truss HoorsrH48"
1 ruuks t Carpet Bags. A hue lot ot Dress, t rock and
Over Coats, Pants and Vests. Also a heavv Stock of
Boots and Shoes, Blankets, Kerseys, Wool Hats, fce.
Those indebted to me will please call and let me
know when it will be convenient for them to settle.
JZT A line Xew Close Carriage, to time purchaser,
1 gentle Harness Horse, price $175.
TIIOS. J. JOHNSON.
Dec. 2, 1851. 22-tf
1300 ACRES COAL I. A ISO
The subscribers leing desirous of moving West, now
oiler their Land for sale. The Land is situated be
tween Egypt and the Gulf, on the south side of Deep
River, for two miles up and down the said River.
There are 1200 acres of the Land, with some 400 or
500 acres under a good state of cultivation; the bal
ance Timber land. The Land lies a quarter of a mile
south of the Coal out-crop, (dipping under the said
land) the coal has been shown on two sides of the said
land not more than J mile from it. Geologists sav it
is all underlaid w ith Coal, but the subscribers "not
thinking of selling until very recently have never had
a scare n maue lor tue Luai. but have no doubt that if
a search was ma.e the coal would found.
The Land has on it anew and good Grist and Saw
Mill, a good Dwelling House, a uumlier one set of
Stables, large enough for 21 head of Mules, all under
one lock, and other out buildings suitable to a farm.
Any person wishing to enter into the Coal speculation
would do well to give the subscribers a call as they are
determined on going West. Addres3 Oakland P. O
Chatham County N. C. , '
F. M. fc J. G. FOOSHEE.
Nov. IS, 1851. 20-6t
A superior article for tale by
J. N. SMITH.
YE TTJs JTJLLE. 'M C. 1
H. Thomas L ClhisratfiD.
?,,senre tfaat some of ihe whig papers of
Nojfth Caroltta are rejoicing that : this influen
tuU distinguished gentleman was uotelect
ed t& the Senate of the United" States by the
present legislature of that State. : They have
n. forgiven him," because he refused to join
ibft tt in their union with the abolitionists of the
Nrthand because he prefers that party which
stjgmds by ; ami gaffers for the principles of oar
federal -constitution. Hence it is that they
ciit oir what they are pleased, to call a re
buke' jfiiis oonduct in separating himself from
lheir?aiay.- . Let nsdookt-for a "moment, at
iJETTfTS organs of thdt party object to the
elevation of all those who, for reasons satisfac
tory to themselves, leave the vvhigs and join
the democrats; and yet the North Carolina
whigs have repeatedly elected and re-elected to
high station men who have left the democratic
ranks. Willie P. Mangom, who was elected a
senator in Congress by the democratic party,
and afterwards abandoned it, was then sup
ported by the whigs, and was subsequently
twice re-elected to that branch of . the national
legislature. George E. Badger, chairman of
the Jackson democratic central committee of
North Carolina, was twice elected to the XJ. S.
Senate by the whigs, as a sort of reward for
leaving the democratic party. The first whig
nominee for governor in North Carolina, after
that office had been made elective by the peo
ple, was E. B. Dudley, who had been a leading
Jackson democrat; but he was taken up by the
whigs with all the more alacrity on that ac
count. J. M. Morehead, their second nominee
for the same office, boasted that he had been
three times an elector on the Jackson democrat
ic ticket: in 1821, 1828, and in 1832. It is a
memorable historical fact, also, that in 1832
the whigs were able to poll for their candidate,
Mr Clay, only five thousand votes in North
Carolina, and that in 183G - they had a very
decided majority. This result was produced by
their placing in the lead just such gentlemen
as we have named, and who, according to their
present logic iu regard to Mr Clingman, had
shown themselves traitors to their own party.-
lcrGE Person. We are pleased to notice
the return of Judge Person, who has just com
pleted his western circuit. We had seen in the
newspapers many notices speaking in the high
est terms of the new Judge, and on Saturday,
we happened to meet here with a gentleman
passing through on his way to Raleigh, who
practices law iu that circuit, and was. with
Judge Person at nearly all his courts. He
fully confirms all that has' been said in his
kL cool1 jearn,
ever gavj greater satisfaction, few if any as
great. The nearly unanimous vote which he
received in the Legislature contrasts strangely
with the bitter opposition which he met with
from the opposite party at home in August
last. Wil. Jour.
Emigration to Texas. The
ChronK-Ie ot the-Ustn ult. says:
"Verily, Texas is filling up, and that by
thousands. Our city presents every day a con
tinued stream of wagons loaded with women
and children and household appurtenances.
The emigrants seem well provided with means
and slave property, and present all the eviden
ces of having been used to the comforts of life."
Mr Clingman's Proposition'. A New York
correspondent writes: "The resolution offered
in Congress by Mr Clingman, proposing that
the Uiiited States should offer to mediate in
the European war, is received with great
favor by intelligent men here. Opinion at
least seems to be unauimous that the offer should
Riot in Alabama. In Tuskagee, Alabama,
Mr Benjamin W. Walker was sent to jail for
refusing to obey an order of court directing
him topay over $17,000 which he held as
trustee" nf an estate. At the next session of
the same court some of his friends broke open
the tail, took him out and carried turn into
court, where he demanded a rehearing. The
chancellor refussed it, and after several fights
had taken place in court, alker went back to
jail. A few days atterwards Col. Reynolds,
commander ot a regiment, mustered ms men,
and marched to the jail, accompanied by a can
non and carrying banners inscribed "Walker"
and "Alabama will protect her citizens." They
broke open the jail, took Walker out, and bore
him off iu triumph on a platform, after he had
made a speech declaring his determination to
.. .1 -11-1? - J?" 1 4 - 1
oiifnrp to tne win oi nis irteuus. ciergy-
manalso made a speech encouraging the riot
Walker was then borne to his owu house, where
a hundred men remained on cuard with him at
the latest accounts.
Important from Europe. The Washington
Star Dublishes the following extract of a letter
from a distinguished Frenchman, dated Pari
"Lord Palmerston and Louis Napoleon have
been almost inseparable since the former alight
Ail at the Hotel Windsor. Their interviews
bfive resulted in a decision to unfurl the stand
ard of Polish, Hungarian and Italian nation
nlitv. if Prussia and Austria hesitate longer to
declare unequivocally against the Czar. The
probability is that neither the one nor the
nther win consent io ao mis, in wmcn case an
Europe will be in arms before Spring."
Indignation Meetings. A letter in the
Richmond Dispatch, from Lexington, Virginia
speaking of the acquittal of Dr. Thompson
charged with killing Miss Pharr, says :
"A meeting has been held in Covington
which passed resolutions forbidding him to re
tnrn to that place, and a messenger was dis
patched to inform him of It. He is now stay
in"" at his father's, within two miles of Fincastle
and. notwithstanding his very numerous connee
tinns in that neighborhood, the citizens have
likewise held an. indignation .meeting prohibit
him from euterinsr town. He has been
hrnio-iu effigy, together with the jury, in Fincas
tie and Buchanan, and was burnt in tl.ii place
uritli loud acclamations, and encouraged by the
presence and approval of the most respectable
EnowX things Revolt In? agate the Decreet f Ifae
Craa4 Council. '
At a general meeting of the members of the
otderof know-nothings of the city of Brooklyn,
held on the evening of the 24th ultimo, for the
purpose of considering the late action of the
Grand Council of the State of New York, the
following preamble and resolutions were unani
mously adopted ;-a&d it was . resolved that the
same be printed, and a copy thereof forwarded
to each council in the State.. We give the cap
itals as we fiud them in the New York Tribuuef
"Whereas the action of the Grand Council
of the State of NewvYork at their late session
in October last, in making an independent
nomination for Stite omcekr without instruc
tions to that effect from the subordinate coun
cils of Xhc i States tad. without iriyipr ', thenar an
kppbrfmf r tbftlcipate ih the seicctionbt
such candidates, and when no necessity existed
for such a course, inasmuch as GOOD MEN
and TRUE had already been nominated by the
great political parties of the State, the nomi
nation of some of whom was affected by the di
rect action of this order, was a departure from
the true interests and objects of this order, an
unwarrantable assumption of power, and in di
rect violation of resolutions adopted by the
same Grand Council in June last:
"And whereas the said Grand Council adopted
resolutions presented by Chauneey Shaffer,
putting an unwarrantable and ex post facto con
struction upon the obligations of the members
of this order, thereby endeavoring to coerce
and compel them, by threats and PENAL
TIES, to vote for the candidates so nominated
by said Grand Council, in direct violation of
the constitution and laws of the land, and sub
versive of the genius and spirit of our republi
"And whereas the said Grand Council, at
their recent session, adopted a resolution origi
nally suggested by II. A. T. Granbury, requir
ing the members of this order, under certain
pains and penalties, to CONFESS, under oath,
iiow they voted at the recent election, in pal
pable violation of the right and privileges se
cured to, and so highly prized by, every true
''Resolved, That we repudiate and condemn
the aforementioned action of the Grand Coun
cil as ANTI-AMERICAN, ANTI-REPUBLICAN,
and the most UNWARRANTA
BLE, ABOMINABLE, and DANGEROUS
ASSUMPTION of DESPOTIC POWER
ever attempted in this republic; in its CON
FESSIONAL, PENANCE, and threats of
EXCOMMUNICATION, only equalled by
the holy INQUISITION of SPAIN, and onlv
worthy of imitation by the GRAND COUN
CIL of CARDINALS at ROME.
"Resolved, That any American assenting or
yieldiug obedience to such degrading and in
quisitorial requisitions inherits not the spirit of
his revolutionary sires, and is unworthy the
of an ignorant Papist.
"Resolved, That we recommend cur brethren
to pau-:e and calmly reflect before they aid iu
centralizing so dangerous a power in the hands
of a body w ho, however pure they may now be,
may, at some future time, be composed ot un
principled men who, regardless ot the public
interests, will wield it for their own personal
aggrandizement. C. J. Siiepard, Pres't.
W. C. II eaton, Sec'y."
We are not surprised at the action of the
Grand Council. Our only surprise is, that any
considerable number of American boru citizens,
iving under just and equal laws, and professing
to have a higher and holier regard for the coun
try and its free institutions than by any possi
bility can be possessed by those who labor under
the accidental misfortune of foreign birth or
oreign parentage, should surrender their con
sciences, preferences, aud actions to ine Keep
ing and control of a small body of irresponsible
i.i..t i "lit a
men in a word, mat nicy snouui uecome me
blind, submissive instruments to light the quar
rels and promote the official aspirations of men
unknown to them, or known only for their fait h-
ess aud unprincipled career as politicians. How
humiliating to us, as republicans, is the start
ing admission iu the above preamble, that the
attempt was made, by threats and penalties, to
compel native-Americans to vote for the candi
dates not nominated by the know-nothing
arty at large, but nominated in secret caucus
by the Grand Council! Still more humiliatiug
is the no less startling admission that the Grand
Council passed a ressolution requiring the mem
bers of the subordinate lodges lo confess, under
oath, under certain pains and penalties, how then
voted at the recent election! Washington Union.
From China. Frogress of the Revolution.
From Hong-Kong the accounts are to the 11th
September. Hie province ot Ivwang-lung, in
which Canton is situated, is in a most deplora
ble condition. The rebels Were in contusion
among themselves, and some hope was enter
tained that, in consequence of the successes of
the Mandarins in nearly all the skirmishes that
had taken place about Canton, quiet might !
before long be restored. An appeal to the j
foreigners for assistance had been favored by :
the high officers of the city.
Shanghai remains in the possession of the
rebels. It was reported that the Ex Taoutaoe
Samqua had committed suicide by swallowing
gold, but the story is not substantiated.
The pirates in the Chinese waters are in
creasing in numbers and daring. Thirty trading
junks and boats, many with valuable cargoes,
had been taken by them in August and Septem
ber. The captain of an English schooner, on
the 4th of September, had been killed in the
defence of his vessel. Several of his men were
wounded. The British ships Rattler and Race
hound had gone in pursuit of the pirates, but ac
complished nothing. The English officers in com
mand are censured by the papers for not acting
more effectually against the pirate fl et.
Last surviving offcer of the Revolution.
Capt. Robert Burnett, who is believed to have
been the last survivor of the commissioned offi
cers of the regular army of the revolution, died
at his house in Orange county, New York, on
the 29th ultimo. He was born on the 22d of
Febrnary, 1862, and was at his death 92 years
eight months and eight days old. Captain
Burnett was appointed a lieutenant in the regi
ment of artillery in the service of the United
States, commauded by Col. John Lamb, on the
29th day of June, 1781 being then ouly 19
years of age aud continued in the service dur
ing the war.
IIou. Robert Strang.
At, the late annual communication of the
Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of
North Carolina, the following report was sub
mitted and unanimously adopted.
The Select Committee to whom was referred
so much of the annual communication of tho
Most Worshipful Grand Master, hs relates to
the death of Past Grand Master, II on.' Robert
Strange, have taken the same into considera
tion and most respectfully report. "j .
In recording upon the journals of the Grand
Lodge the decease of this distinguished man
and Mason, the officers and brethren assembled,
cannot refrain from mingling. with the record,
an expression of -their high appreciation of his
1 exalted virtu-.Mye ability and extensive use
Ttdness.; T3ndwcd by nature with -superior
talents, sound judgment and discriminating
mind, he applied all his intellectual and moral
resources to the correct performance of tho
duties of life and was essentially a brilliant,
useful, practical and efficient man in every de
partment in which he was placed.
Selected by his fellow-citizens, at different
times to fill various legislative, civil and mili
tary offices in the State, he justified the confi
dence reposed in him, by a eoneientiotis and
faithful discharge of duty. Blending mild dig
nity and courtesy, with firmness and decision,
in his official station, he won the admiration,
and commanded the respect and confidence of
all with whom he had intercourse.
As a member of our ancient and honorable
fraternity he was peculiarly distinguished a
mong the craft. Early initiated into the Order,
he occupied various posts of honor, until he at
tained the distinguished rank of Crand Master
of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina. Of
the noblest impulses and with a sensibility alive
to the tendcrcst charities of the Order his influ
ence was ever exerted to cement those ties
which unite the soul of masonry into the com
mon brotherhood and when twice elevated to
the rank of Grand Master he fulfilled its obli
gations, and discharged its duties with a dig
nity impartiality and propriety of conduct,
which conciliated the regard, and secured for
him the love and esteem of the w hole fraternity.
Thus surrounded by friends and admirers, pos
sessed of the most commendable qualities of
heart and mind, and happy in all the relations
of life, he was universally honored and be
loved but disease came and Death demanded
his victim. No more shall our Masonic tem
ples be graced by his presence. No more shall
the brotherhood be stimulated to deeds of love
and charity by words of encouragement from
hi.s lips. No more shall the heart of the dis
tressed and needy be gladdened by benefactions
bestowed by his hand.
Alas ! brethren, how difficult, how almost
impossible to realize it ! Every true hearted
Mason must feel a fihock it this disruption of
wisdom from his death, and while we do honor
to his memory, and mourn, his loss, let us re
raambcr that we too must die.
Therefore, Be it resolved by the Grand
Lodge of North Carolina, That we deepljr sym
pathise with the fraternity throughout tho
State in the loss they have sustained by tho
death of our brother, Past Grand Master, lion.
Robert Strange, and they hereby tender to his
family and friends their heartfelt condolence in
their severe bereavement.
Resolved That while his long, useful and
laborious life was devoted, in inanv distinguish
ed positions, to the honor and interests of his
State, his pubic and private virtues were bright
illustrations of the noble objects aud elevated
principles of Masonry.
Resolved That while we let fall the sympa
thetic tear for the loss of so distinguished n
citizen, and so good and true a Mason, we bw
in humble submission to the will of Him, in
whom we repose our hope beyond the grave.
Resolved That the Brethren throughout the
State be requested to wear the usual badge of
mourning for the space of thirty days that
the Grand Secretary be directed to enter this
Preamble and Resolutions on the minutes ot
this Grand Lodge, and that a copy be trans
mitted to his family, under the seal of tho
Grand Lodge of this State.
WILL. K. BLAKE )
J. P. 1IOWLETT
M. II. EURE )
Dec. 8th, 184.
How a Siege is Carried on. The first ob
ject is to establish a body of men in a protect
ed position within a certain distance of tho
place to be attacked, or, in technical language,
to "open the trenches." The trench, as its
name implies, is an excavation forming a kind
of sunken road in a direction parallel with that
of the enemy's fortifications, and of such dimen
sions that troops and guns can move along it
at pleasure. The earth taken from this road
is thrown up on the side towards the town, ko
that a bank or parapet m raised for the further,
protection of the troops in the trench. At tho
most favorable points of this covered road bat
teries are constructed, which open upon tho
works of the place, and, when sufficient advan
tage has been obtained through their fire, a
second trench, parallel to the first, aud connect
ed with it by a diagonal cut, is opened at a
shorter distance from the town, and armed with
fresh batteries, which is to work as before.
This process is again and again repeated,
and the "approaches," as they are termed, are
pushed forward by successive "parallels," until
they are carried up to the very walls of the
place, which by that time have been "breached''
or battered down by the besiegers' guns. Then
comes the period of the "assault." The troops
advance in strong columns from their covered
road, rush through the breach, and take the
town. The best chances for the defence consist
in difficulties of the ground, which may either
be so rocky as to prevent the execution of the
approaches, or, as is often the case in Flanders,
so exposed to inundations at the command of
the garrison that the trenches may at any time
be put under water, and the beaiegere swamped
at their posts. If the garrison, too, ia very
strong, it may make successful sorties, fill up
the trenches opened by the enemy, Bpike their
guns, and greatly delay ths approach of the
batteries to the walls of the town. In the ab
sence, however, of any such impediments to
the works, it is perfectly understood at the pre
sent day that every nlaoe. however strongly
fortified, must ultimately fall.