North Carolina Newspapers

 a > 1 _ \ ' * *
Discovery Arouses Cariosity of
Chicago.—Arizona has given Ameri
can scholars ths year's best cross
word puzzle In Latin, dating back os
tensibly to century and In
scribed on mysterious lead swords,
spearheads and crosses. The puzzls
has been referred by the University of
Arizona to Prof. Charles H. Beeson,
scholar of the classics at the Univer
sity of Chicago, who Is versed equally
in secret codes and the broken lore of
Roman Carthage.
These facts were announced at a
meeting* of , the Midway Graduate
Classical club, which Professor
Beeson addressed, telling Chicago stu
dents for the first time the Inside
story of a recent discovery in the
Southwest of * ancient Latin writings
which are attracting attention among
philologists and excavators.
Brofessor Beeson has verified the
conclusions of Prof. Frank Fowler at
the University of Arizona and made
new observations of the Latin Inscrip
tions. Imprints of the writings and
blue print outlines of the crosses, un
earthed by chance near Tucson, are
being studied by Professor Beeson.
The oldest Inscription bears the
date of 790, laboriously marked on
the lead surface of the cross in Latin.
The next oldest dates back to ,900.
One cross, on which bas been in
scribed incoherent phrases of a re
ligious nature, begins with two Latin
words, "Ab Ovd," which Professor
Beeson explains, means "Out of the
egg," and has no logical bearing oa
the rest of the translation; Continu
ing with this particular piece, he found
frequent reference to Jacob, Israel and
Theodoras, the latter being obviously
A typical Inscription reads in trans
lation: "With the help of the Lord,
Jacob reigns with strong hand accord
ing to the custom of his ancestors.
Say unto the Lord, May his fame live
forever." """
Professor Fowler informed Profes
sor Beeson that the crosses, swords
and spearheads were buried not less
than a century ago. The writings re
vealed nothing of the identity of the
author, Professor Beeson said. They
may have been written by some Span
ish priest who wanted to write his
own epitaph, or the instruments may
have been lost by wandering Spaolsh
adventurers who picked them up in
Braving Sharks, Swim*
5 Miles to Get Rescuer*
Lahalna, Island of Mauri, T. H.—
A sampan overturned in the swift cur
rent off Molokai island. Fifteen of
the 16 occupants, of the craft clung to
the capsized dhell while their extremi
ties dangled in the shark l -infested wa
The sixteenth member of the party,
Eugene Dauvauchelle, forty, made a
daring swim of five miles to a lonely
spot on Molokai island, ran overland
for several miles, organized a relief
party, cruised to the rescue and saved
ten of his companions. The shark
torn bodies of two members of the
party, one a woman, were recovered.
Five persons were drowned in the ac
Survivors of the accident arrived
here on an lnter-lsland vessel and told
how Dauvaucbelle returned with his
rescue party and picked them out of
the water. The survivors were in the
water for ten hours, they ssid. The
party was composed of Hawaiian*.
Mexican Links Radio
and Telephonic Services
Mexico City.—Gen. GustaVo Salinas,
chief of the army aviation department,
with the aid of the departmental ex
perts, Is putting the finishing touches
to an invention which he believes will
revolutionize radio communication.
Starting with the idea of developing
a method to place airplanes In radio
communication with their landing
fields, be has developed his system
enough to warrant the belief .that tele
phone users in sny city possessing m
broadcasting station by simply calling
up thst station can communicate with
any person in any dty of the republic
enjoying equal telephone and broad
casting facilities. .'
\ Why Is,a Bachelor
"Uncle Tom," said bis young
nephew to sn old bachelor, "tell me
about some of the narrow escapes
you've had from the women."
"Boy," was the response. "If there
was sny narrAw escapes, the women
had 'em." —Farm and Fireside.
Why Snow Is Whit*
Snow Is white because the crystals
are so minute thst each cell of the
retina receives a general Impression
produced by the combination of differ
ent wave lengths reflected fros innu
merable minute facets. .
> •
Wily Batchar Knew
What HaWm About
A good story 1s told In Tamworth,
Warwickshire, England, whence came
originally the famous Tsmworth herd
of swine.' During the year 1800 a gen
tleman was exhibiting at the door of
an inn a trotting mare, whan a butcher
of the town, stepping up, offered to
trot his black pony against her foi
$125. A smile of Opntempt ,wss the
only notice he at first received. How
ever, the knight of the cleaver per
sisting in his orlginar offer, the bet
was accepted, and the next morning
appointed for the match, four miles
out of the town. The butcher appeared
at the stsrtlng post mounted on his
black pony with his tray 1q front of
him and brandishing a small marrow
bone. He was allowed the start when
Immediately afterward, as his competi
tor was rapldljulpesslng him, he rat
tled a flourish upon bis tray, which
had the Instantaneous effect of fright
ening the high-mettled mare Into a gal
lop. This was repeatedly the case,
and as often, according to the eti
quette of trotting matches, was the too
hasty mare obliged to stop and turn
round. Thus, ultimately, the black
pony. Won in hollow fashion.
Bismarck Not Afraid
of Hit Royal Mastar
Genuine Imperial tokay was sold,
direct from the royal cellars Is Vienna,
after the World war. This wine was
never easy to obtain except through
the royal Ilapsburgs, who occasionally
made presents to their friends. The
great Bismarck himself found it hard
to get a supply. Gen. Sir E. Hamley
used to tell (he story of how, attend
ing German maneuvers, he sat next
to Bismarck at dinner, with "old Wil
liam" not far away. A good deal to
Hamley's discomfort, Bismarck per
sisted In talking about his master In
a very l&ud voice, saying, among other
things, thst he was generous but for
getful. "For instance, I pleased him
the other day, and he promised me a
dozen of that Tokay he has in his cel
lars, but I haven't had It" "Really,"
said poor Hamley, "I'm afraid hell
hear what you're saying," "Afraid V -
roared Bismarck, "I want him to hear
me; that's just what I want!"
Sign That Worked
He was a burglar.
After effecting an entrance into the
bank he found his way, easily enough,
to the strong room. When the light
of the lantern fell on the door he saw
this sign written In red letters:
"Save your dynamite. This sate Is
not locked. Turn the knob and It will
For a moment be ruminated
"Anyhow," he reflected, "there's no
harm in trying it If it really -4s un
He grasped the knob and turned It
Instantly the office was flooded with
light sn alarm bell rang loudly, an
electric shock rendered him helpless,
while s panel In tye wall opened and
out rushed a bulldog which seised him
An hour later, when the cell door
closed on him, he sighed:.
"I know what's wrong with me. I'm
too trusting. X have too much faith
in human nature."
Protect Beautiful Bird,s -
Birds of paradise are found In New
Guinea. Molucca Islands and s few
other neighboring islands; also In
northeastern Australia. Egrets range
from the United States south to
southern South America; from cen
tral Europe south to southern Africa;
and from north central Asia south to
Australia. Egrets are afforded pro
tection under the treaty between the
United Btates snd Great Britain for
the protectlcto of birds migrating be
tween the United States an'd Canada
snd may not be killed, sold or pos
sessed except for scientific purposes,
the importation of both birds of para
dise snd egrets for their plumage Is
prohibited by the tsriff act of 1922.
What Ska Really Needed
A fanner's wife sat reading a farm
Journal and, ss she had outgrown, er,
rather, outeged her spectacles, she
had to hold the peper at arm's length
In order to see the print.
"Father," she sahh with s sigh, "I
do wish the next time you go in to
town yoCd buy me s stranger pair of
"Hah," said father, who was s no
toriously meet) old curmudgeon, "it
ain't stranger, specs you need—lt's
longer ana*"—Pittsburgh Chronicle-
Traced te Hermfe Walpele
-Serendipity- lee word In good
standing In the IfrgWh language, ea
no less authority than the Onto* dic
tionary. The word was coined by
Horace Walpole. It wes tensed tea
the fairy tale The Three Prlaees of
Serendlp," formerly the name of Cey
lon, the heroes of which weee si ways
making •discoveries by srrldsnts sad
sacadty sf things tbey dU net task.
Wag Not Conversant
With Family History
What Is here narrated took place
years ago, and all concerned hare
since passed away except the reporter
mentioned—and be Is not so yopng ss
he used to be. •,
A prominent woman had passed
sway In one of the Georgia cities.
The local newspaper sent a reporter
to see her son, a leading business man,
to get the data for the obituary no
tice. After the reporter had secured
moet of the Information desired be
"Did your mother leave any broth
ers or sisters?"
• "Itsther s singular question," said
J the man courteously, his curiosity ob
viously excited. "Queer that I hsd
never thought of that before. Let's
see—did mother leave any brothers
or sisters?" '
He considered It for s moment hut
it was evidently too much for him, and
calling his sister from an adjoining
room he asked?"
"0, Mary, did mother leave sny
brothers or sisters?"
It seemed thst she did —two, to be
specific—and their names were duly
supplied. • »
"I declare, this is news to me," said
the man, speaking frankly to tl)e re
porter, in the freedom of old friend
ship. "I had never suspected It"—
J Atlanta Constitution.
Night Watches Were
of Military Origin
The Jews, like the Greeks and the
Romans, divided the night Into mili
tary watches Instead of each
watch representing the period for
which sentinels or pickets remained
on duty. The proper Jewish reckon
ing recognized only three - such
watches, entitled the first or "begin
ning of the watches," the middle
watch, and the morning watch. These
Would last from sunset to 10 o'clock
p. ul, from 10 p. m. to 2 a. m.; and
from 2 a. m. to sunrise. Subsequent
to the annexation of Palestine to the
Roman empire as a province, the num
ber of watches was Increased to four,
which were described either accord
ing to their numerical order as in the
case of the "fourth watch," or by the
terms "even, midnight cock crowing,
and morning." Their watches termi
nated respectively at # p. m., mid
night 3 a. m* snd 6 a. m.
Favorite Chinese Disk
Ons of the forms of eggs of which
the Chinese people are very fond la
the'so-called "tea eggs." To prepare
these, fresh bens' eggs sre hard
boiled, the allells cracked and the egg
thgn cooked for hours In s mixture of
tea Infusion, salt spice snd soy bean
sauce. When the price of eggs is low,
"tea eggs" sre often prepared and
kept warm fa the stove so thst sny
member of the family may help him
self to them as the Americans do candy
and nuts. Hens' eggs sre usually very
cheap An ordinary day's diet for a
family easily contains a half-dozen
eggs or more. Even poor people who
keep their own hens use eggs freely.
Slsves snd servsnts, however, are
usually given only a few, for vege
tables sre usually che%p, and eggs re
garded as more desirable.—Philadel
phia Inquirer,
Sap Has Higk Pressure
The pressure of outflowing ssp In
wounded trees at this time of year
may be as high ss 160 pounds a
sqnsra Inch, equal to the steam pres
sure In sn ordinary locomotive. This
hgs been discovered by special Instru
ments placed In tree trunks by Dr. D.
T. MscDougal, director of the Car
negie Institute's department of bo
tanical research. Doctor MacDougal
also told the society thst trees with
desd roots, trunk and leaves still con
tinue to experience ss sseent of sap
In spring, demonstrating that this
seemingly vltsl process Is purely me
Why He Wasn't Going
The sturdy lndlvldeallsm of the Scot
was recently demonstrated st s re
vivsl meeting when the preacher, who
felt thst bis words hsd produced the
desired effect upon his congregation,
requested all present who wsnted to
go to heaven to hold up their hands.
The reeponss wss unanimous with the
exception of one msn. "Do you not
wish to go te Heaven?" the preacher •
■erf Wii« man. "It's a' richt about
going to Hseven." he replied; "bot I'm
no gssn wl s trip." *
Why Wires Husa v
Wf.—»«mg of wires Is reused by the
wind. The wire has s natural fre
quency of vibration the asms ss s
plsno string, snd the wind sets it te
vibrating. The fundamental frequen
cy to teo lew te be heard, but same of
tbs harmonies are audible The
tsndsamtsl Is given by the wire
vibrating ss s whole, the bsneonles
by the vibrating In sections; msny of
these sre erdlssrfly set up at the
sums tiara
Painting Preserves die Life
of Wood
Unpslnted wood surfacea absorb
grease and dirt more readily, are more
likely to stain, and are harder to keep
clean than those in which the pores
of the wood are filled with varnish,
oil, pulnt. or other finish. In general,
S bouse should contain as few unfln
■ed wood surfaces an possible. In
one kitchen, for exsmple, labor may
be saved by finishing or covering the
floor. 6y covering the tsble with oil
cloth, linoleum or sine, and by paint
ing or varnishing the rest of the fur
niture. '
Unflnshed wood surfaces may be
scrubbed with the grain of the wood,
using small quantities of water and a
mHd soap, rinsed with a cloth wrung
out of clean tfater, and wiped dry.
Strong soaps, alkalis, and too much
water darken wood and may soften It.
If the dirt cannot be removed with
soap and water, a scourer, such as
flne steel wool or powdered pumice,
may be used. Unfinished wood can be
.bleached with oxalic acid solution,
which Is poisonous. The wood should
be covered thinly with the solution,
allowed to dry, and then thoroughly
washed until all traces of the acid
are removed. If grease Is spilled on
unfinished wood cold water should be
applied at once. If possible. In order
to harden the grease and prevent Its
spreading, then as much grease as pos
sible should be scraped off with s
knife, and the spot scrubbed with a
washing soda or lye solution.
If the spot appears dark, a paste
made of fuller's earth and water
should be spread over It and allowed
to remain overnight.
Oiled floors should he swept wltlf s
soft brush snd dusted .with a dry or
oiled mop. Occasionally they may he
washed and afterward wiped with an
oily cloth. Water should be used
sparingly, snd care should be taken to
rub the oil In well and not to use so
that s surplus is left on the sur
fsce to hold dust and be tracked onto
Why the "Golden Age"
Is Never the Present
Dean William Rslph Inge, the most
recent English visitor to look us over
snd tell us what he thinks of us,
SDesks about the "incresslng stupidity
modern life." It would be interest
ing to learn Just bow such s thing
csn >be Judged. Did our forebears
tasks no mlstskes? Wss life In the
past even s few years ago, less dull
than U is now? Are there good signs
showing tbst human beings sre sct
ing more like geese 4hsn they used to?
It Is a common habit to clothe the
years tbst sre gone with bright 'and
shining garments. The golden age Is
never the present one and It will not
come in the future. It has always
been in the past. This is why regrets
■ will be expressed until* the crack of
doom that people and life are not ns
they were once, even though there be
evidences of betterment.—
Toledo Blsde.
Why We Should Wnlk More
Dr. Charles W. Eliot, president
emeritus of Hsrvsrd, st s Boston
luncheon to promote Interest in con
servation snd protection of scenery,
historical sitss, wild life, forests snd
public reservations, declared the hab
it of walking is being lost or largely
diminished today snd urged tbst more
people frequent the parks snd public
reservations, saya tbs New Tork Her
sld-TMbune. Of s survey made of
traffic pssslng his home on Brattle
street Cambridge, for periods of IS
mlnntee st four busiest times of the
dsy, he reed figures showing s totsl
of 440 pies sure vehicles, 110 trucks
snd delivery wagons, 2 motor cycles
snd 53 pedestrians.
Chicago's Nichnamet
Chicago bas two nidtnsmes. The
"windy city" Is sn Illusion to the high
winds thst prevsil there, ss well ss to
the general breezlness of the business
snd sods I stmoaphere that character
izes It Its other nickname is "Pork
opolls," meaning "City of Pork" snd
refers to the enormous trade la hogs
thst is carried on in Chicago and the
Immense packing snd meet estsblisb
ments thst are one of the distinguish
ing festures of tbe dty.
& «
Being Too Good a Loser
When you meet * backset It's all
right not to whine shout It But this
business of being s good loser csn be
carried too far. You can get In the
habit of losing. Too csn resign your
self to s loss snd then tbe next time
something upsets your plsns. why. you
sort ef take it for granted, finally
yon get so yuu expect loss. And w«
usually get wbsi we expect—Esrry A
Btewsrt in tbs American Magazine.
— *
Reliable Indication
If his normal telephone voice Is in- ,
suiting ho weighs JStS with his spats i
sn.—flan Frandacs Chranlde I
Vanderbilt Had Vision v
of Aviation, in 1849
Bnck in 1840, when most adventur
ous souls were yielding to California
bonanza allurements, tbe original
Cornelius Vanderbilt hs wss not yet
acclaimed as tbe commodore, wrote
this note to s Kingston (N. y.) editor
who had been his States island boy
hood friend:
"Dear Johns: Of course, I can't
take any long vacation. like you write
about. You come down to New York
for a week. I will take good care of
you at my houses If I do have to work
ahlrtsleeved all day, and we, anyhow,
can have the evenings together.
"Maybe I will find a way to show
you how still some day we can find a
way to do what your heart's set on,
going out to the Pacific. I am work
ing on something that's wonderful—
not my own lndlvldusl notion, but
whst a man who hss been teschlng
school over st Hoboken hss in his
mind. Folks over there promised to
support his Ideas, but then turned and
laughed st blm.
"I would mightily well like' you to
see him snd talk with him. I have
already backed him some and Intend
to keep along. He has s plan to make
a real flying machine, and I reckon
he is a pretty real calculator.
"Well, John, if he does make good,
you and I can be going to California
soon In a proud way, not paddling
down ind round the Horn, but In our
own wagon prandng up in the clouds
across the rivers snd looking down
on the Rockies and reaching our land
ing right at Sutter's gold diggings, all
In a few days, John, Instead of taking
a whole summertime Journey.
"I wouldn't wonder If you will be
bewitched, too."—Wall Street Journal.
Hit Determination
"I'm going to resign my office snd
let tbe dura postmssterln' slide!"ssid
the official st the croesrosds. "I've
got plenty of d —n reason for It tool
One la thst the emulsions of the office
Is* too puny for the responsibilities,
and another la that the fleas sre too
plenty, a feller thst tskes the only
dally paper that comes here from
the city bas started shooting at roe
b'cuzz he wants his durn paper before
Tm through reading It A passel of
skunks hss took to rendevoozing under
the building, and the atmosfeerick
disturbance Is so thick you csn
cut It with tbe flat side of a barrel
stave. Tuther day an unreasonsble
cuss who wsnted his mall came right
in through the side of the office with
an ax. Just b'cuzz I'd gone off fish
ing. And I sorter hesr it whispered
thst the K. K. K. is flggerlng on csll
lng on me on gener'l principles, ss It
were, and I've decided thst it Is time
for ine to step down snd out" —Kan-
fas City Star.
To Pole by Airship
FridtJof Nansen, the famous Arctic
explorer, Is returning to the North
pole country after nearly thirty years
spent In other work. He has an
nounced that he Is to head a German
expedition which will mske a long
flight across the polar regions in s
specially constructed dirigible of
5.000,000 cubic feet capacity, or some
thing like twice the size of the Los
Angeles. A crew of fifty men will be
carried snd the flight from tbe Mur
manak coast, north of the White sea,
to Alasks snd bsck is expected to oc
cupy four weeks. The principal ob
jectives of tbs voysge will be scien
tific. Photographs to become bsses
for maps of the Arctic regions will
be taken, soundings made In the
ocean and other data assembled. It
is hoped thst tbe expedition will be
sble to stsrt in 1927.
Reason a Snuff
Littis John, sge four, slwsys ssid
the unexpected. One dsy be wss plsy-,
ing bsli with his handkerchief. Re
peatedly be threw it st Aunty who
wss trying to read. Hoping to regain
peace. Aunty sdsed the bsndkerchlef
snd placed It In Her book. Immediate
ly John begsn to tesse for it
"Do you wsnt It very bsdly, John 7'
Aunty ssked, snd there wss sn sf
firmstlvs nod.
"How bsdly do you wsnt It?"
Just whst Aunty expected her
small nephew to answer is unknotru.
hgt her surprise wss evident when
with puckered llpe snd wrinkled brow,
John burst out: • 1
"W-e-11, I wsnt to blow my nose."
Gypsy Tripe for Girls
Everyglri's, the msgszlne of the
Camp Fire Girls, recommends* gypsy
trips In answer to the csll of tbe
"Tbe girls borrow or rant n cart
snd horse snd Just follow the roed j
thst rails," ssys Everyglri's. "You
wslk part of the time, ride pert of
the time, cook your meals over s,
camp fire beside the read or In the '
bend of a shady brook, sleep under |
tbe open sky or In tbs hayloft of a
friendly barn; you watch before tbe
fire In tbe quiet of the night hours;
you take s dip from the ssndbsr of sn
Inviting river or hslt your caravan at
the foot of a mountain and dlmb up
to the view and tbe sunset"
!! Thyroid Gland Vital, |
Julian Huxley Says Z
JI Toronto, Canada.—Prof. Ju- J
;; Uan Huxley, senior demonstra- J
 I tor «|n biology at New college; x
; | Oxford, lecturing here, explained 4
i > as he terihed it, "discoveries 2
; | which have not yet penetrated 4
. Into the consciousness of the lay 2
11 public." 4
» Control of siammal growth, 2
;; Professor Huxley asserted, J
. could be gained other ways, e
J! The first of these was nutrition. J
J; Numerous illustrative slides J
were shown. j
; * A second means of controlling X
 > growth wss through the duct- 2
; | less glands. The thyroid gland ♦
. In ths throat was an Important 2
; J one. Remarkable things could ♦
• > be done to animals by the use 2
J1 of the thyroid extract, to make f
 > them grow; or by the removal 4
I [ of this gland to retard their }
 > growth. «
I In the case of frogs, the mer- 2
est touch of thyroid extrncf ♦
Iturned them from tadpoles In- 2
J; to maturity In a faction of the J
 > ordinary time, and In the case %
J | of a certain water lizard the *
.. use of this extract resulted In 2
II a gradual transformation into a t
 > land lizard, a transformation ♦
| J which might not happen normcl- 2
;' ly In a period of 10,000 years ♦
\! oi more. $ J
j eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoeei
Mimic's Fun Ended
For some time at Pusiulonu, Cal.,
V. K. Fisher enjoyed his ability to
Imitate a police siren to perfection
with his voice. lie fooled the traffic
policemen us he drove his car down
the street at a terrific rate, emitting
slren-llke screeches. At each corner,
the policeman would wave trnflic to
a stop and would give the /youth the
right of way. Fisher met Ills Water
loo when a motorcycle ofllcsr heard
tbe siren snd followed to see wh*t wss
"I've been studying a good deal
about resigning my office!" declared
Constable Sam T. Slackputter, the
guardlaa of the peace 'and dignity Of
Petunia. "It's getting too ominous."
"Too—what?" returned Mayor Num
"Ominous—or dangerous, If you flke
that better. You know the new shoot
ing gallery thst opened up last week?
Well, I've seen no less thna elcht
womsu. all told, practicing shooting
there. It may mean suthln", snd it
may not; but—"—Kansas City Times
Has Einstein Manuscripts
The new Hebrew university at Jeru
salem. which Lord Balfour opened with
! so much ceremony a few weeks -ago,
has already ne great monument of
Intellectual achievement *ln lis ar
chives. Doctor Einstein has presented
the original manuscripts of his work
on reluilvlty to the library of the uni
versity. We hope the ability to give
s ledd explanation of tbe learned
doctor's theory will not be made a
requisite for a degree.—Youths Com
' panlon.
The term Albino was originally ap
plied by the Portuguese to those ne
groes who were mottled with white
spots; but It is now applied to any
who sre bora with red eyes and white
hair. It is from the Latin word, albus,
white. Albion, one of the names of
England, Is derived from (lie same
word; and It is suld to have been
given to the southern part of tbe is
land by Julius Caesar In allusion to
the white cliffs nWrtlng the south
eastern coast where he landed on tbe
occasion of his first Invasion In the
year X> B. C.
Famous Historian
Herodotus wus the oldest historian
of Greece, and the "Fsther of His
tory." He was born st Ilallcarnassus
In Csria. between 400 and 480 It C.;
traveled over Asia Minor, Egypt and
Syria as far as Babylon, and In his
old sge recorded with due fidelity the
fruits of his observations and Inquiries,
tbe main object' of bis work being to
relste the successive stages of the
strife between the free civilization of
Greece snd the despotic barbarism of
Persia for the sovereignty of the
Ear Training
Esr training is absolutely essential
for a player of tbe violin or any
stringed Instrument or how cfin he
put bis Instrument in tune? How often
Is s piece ruined by this defect In the
sverage smsteur who plays Jus: a
little out of tune? This cat'not hap
pen If the ear Is trained, but !t bap
pens frequently if it Is not. 1 — Exchsnge
Fine Points
Tbs most exquisite folly is msde of J
wisdom spaa 'too fine. —B. Franklin.
| Thirty-Mile Bore Through the .
I Cascade*- Planned.
| \
j Seattle.—Citizens of Washington, led
by Judge Austin E. Griffiths of this
' city, have formed the Cascade Tunnel
association to effect, with national,
state and railroad financing, the bor*
1 tag of a tunnel thirty miles long, link
ing the eastern afld western halves of
, their commonwealth.
This would be the longest tunnel
In the world. In Colorado, the Moffat
tunnel, six miles long, under the Con
tinental Divide, to carry trains and
automobiles, is more than half built
In the Alps, the Simplon tunnel, twelve
and a quarter miles long, trains
i only, has one portal In Switzerland
and the other In Italy. These two
I countries built It.
The tunnel under the Cascade moun
, tains, for transcontinental railways,
I three of which have' Puget sound
j termini here, was the great dream of
; Gen. H. M. Chittenden, who came to
Seattle as army district engineer and
i lived here until his death In 1917. The
! work of agitation, which his death
stayed. Judge Griffiths has taken up.
' Based on expenditures for the Con
naught tunnel of the Canadian Pacific
railway, through the Selkirk range In
the Canadinn Rockies, completed about
the tljne of his death, the cost of the
Cjjscade tunnel was put by General
Chittenden at $52,000,000. * . •
The Cascade tunnel, as advocated
by Chittenden and Griffiths, would be
j thirty feet wide and twenty-five and a
' half feet high.
Building Guilds in
Denmark Grow Rick
Copenhagen.—Born of the bitter In
dustrial conflicts that raged through
18U1) and well into 1000, three Danish
bulidlflfe guilds have Just celebrated
their twenty-flfth anniversaries and
are looking forward to increased ac
tivities in construction undertakings,
capital Iced by themselves.
While tlie Industrial conflict was at
its height and'half the organized work
ers of Denmark were locked out, the'
Copenhagen unions of carpenters, ma
sons and construction workers hit npon
the ldetf of providing  some of their
members with work by going into the
building business.
Each of the three organizations set
up a guild of Its own on capital raised
by issuing stock at as low as 10 kronen
(a krona was then worth 28 cents;
against jibout 18 cents at present) a
share to the building trade workers
and by drawing upon the unions' treas
uries. Within the last few years all
the stock In private hands has been
bought back by the unions.
The guilds have taken many lobs
away from private contractors. Start
ing with a capital stock of 2,500 kro
nen and six employees, the Construc
tion Workers' guild now employs 150
men, has a capital of 250,0(X) kronen
and a yearly turnover of abont 2,000,-
000 kronen. *
Music of Troubadours
Solved by Professor
Philadelphia.—Forced out of bis
chosen profession by an accident to
his right hand. Dr. Jean Jtaptlste
Beck, of the' Romanic languages de
partment of the University of Pennsyl
vania, former organist at SC. Gervals,
I'aris, and founder of Schola Can
tortim and revival of Gregorian chant,
discovered how to decipher and tran
scribe the melodies of the Troubadours.
Doctor Beck went over to philology
after a nail wound had impaired the
use of his hand, and combining his
musical training with the philologicali
he undertook the study of the origin
of medieval music In the vernacular.
Ills thesis, the melodies - of the
Troubadours, lays down principles
according to which ihe oldest musical
notations of the Eleventh, Twelfth and
Thirteenth centuries are to be deciph
ered and transcribed Into modem
musical notation.
Why She AshecT Pension Cut
The Glasgow (Scotland) city council
granted a pension of 38 shillings ($9.-
50) a week to a highland widow. She
moved to Skye with her Ave children.
Now she has requested that the pen
sion be reduced, saying that only two
other persons there—a clergyman and
policeman—were as well off as she. f
Why Lines Seem to Bend '
That parallel lines may be made to . ■
appear convergent or divergent by 1
means of oblique lines Intersecting be- J
I tueeu them, called iSolluer's lines, was ,
demonstrated by I'rledrlch Zoilner, the
German phyrlclsl and astronomer.
Perfume Cheap in Egypt
Perfumes and toilet preparations j
used by natives of Egypt are of th« ,
cheapest kind, but European residents
there preset those from Ihetc ,
♦ I
NO. 24 !

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