The Alamance Gleaner
VOL. LVI. GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY MARCH 13, 1930. . NO. 6.
1?Coolidge dam, !n Arizona, which was formally dedicated by former President Calvin Coolidge for whom it is
named. 2?Submarine V 6, latest addition to the American navy, ready for its launching March l."i ut Mare Island
navy yard in California. 3?John North Willys of Toledo, Ohio, new American ambassador to Poland.
NEWS REVIEW OF
President Hoover's First
Year Is Both Praised
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
WHETHER Herbert Hoover's first
year as President is to be con
sidered successful depends largely on
the political bias and economic convic
tions of the one who does the consid
ering. The varying views on the mat
ter were expressed in the senate by
Senator Simeon D. Fess of Ohio,
speaking for the administration party,
and Senator Pat Harrison of Missis
sippi, speaking for the opposition.
Senator Fess especially praised the
President's efforts to combat business
depression, saying: "I regard the
handling of the economic forces that
were playing toward disaster by the
President as the most outstanding ac
complishment In the history of the
government of which I have ac
knowledge on economic lines." He
said he was not' entirely sure that it
was possible to avoid the cycles in
business in which a high business level
Is followed by a depression. "If it
can be done," continued the Ohio sen
ator, "we have the leadership in the
White House that will do it; for the
President has been working on the
problem eight years."
In dealing with other features of the
administration record during the year
Senator Fess discussed farm relief,
the tariff, the naval armament confer
ence, other international questions,
Senator Harrison said he wished to
congratulate Senator Fess "on his
audacity and nerve in speaking ex
planations of the misachievements of
the administration during the last
"If the failure to solve big problems
is an achievement, then this admin
istration for the last year is a suc
cess," said Senator Harrison. "If dis
gusting the farmers of the land is an
achievement, then this administration
Js a success. If dissatisfying labor is
an achievement, then this administra
tion is a success. If indecision upon
the part of a President is an achieve
ment, then President Hoover's first
year is a great success."
UNEMPLOYMENT is of course one
of the immediate concerns of the
government and furnishes ammuni
tion for the opponents of the adminis
Secretary of Labor James J. Davis,
following a cabinet meeting at which
the industrial situation was discussed,
asserted that as a result of the Presi
dent's activities unemployment has
been held to less than one-half that of
previous financial crashes. Other ad
ministration leaders expressed confi
dence that unemployment would be
materially relieved within the next
few weeks through the federal agen
cies called into action by the Presi
Opponents of oar prohibition
laws closed their case before the
honse Judiciary committee on Tuesday
with the statements of a number of
witnesses, the best known of whom
were Breckenrldge Long, former as
sistant secretary of state, and Dr.
Stewart Paton. psychiatrist of Johns
Hopkins. Three women also took the
stand. Mrs. Robert W. Lovett of Bos
ton, Mrs. Cortlandt Nlcoll of New York
and Mrs. Carroll Miller of Pittsburgh.
Mrs. Lovett sounded the keynote of
the testimony of all three with a dec
laration that the anti-prohibition wom
en are seeking the same objectives ss
the dry women, namely, protection of
children, a decrease in crime, and
abolition of the commercialized liquor
"But what have we today?" she de
manded. "Drunken children, crime on
the increase by leaps and bounds, and
an illicit liquor frafflc infinitely worse
than the open saloon."
Mrs. Miller struck out at the W. C.
T. U.t which, she asserted, is corrupt
ing legislative bodies with its political
Next day the drys began the intro
duction of testimony with the first of
some fifty witnesses from all parts of
the country and from all walks of life.
They led off with Samuel Crowther, a
writer who has been gathering infor
mation on the liquor question for a
magazine; Edward Keating, former
congressman from Colorado; Dr. Dan
iel A. Poling, president of the World's
Christian Endeavor union, and Henry
M. Johnson, Louisville lawyer.
Mr. Crowther said he had asked
Thomas A. Edison and Henry Ford to
attend the hearing but they were un
able to do so. However, both sent tele
grams warmly endorsing prohibition
and the Eighteenth amendment.
It is noteworthy that so far most of
the drys emphasize especially the
economic benefits the country has de
rived from prohibition, while most of
the wets dwell particularly on the al
leged break down of morals resulting
NOT at all to the surprise of those
conversant with the grain trade,
conditions in the grain market became
such that the federal farm board found
it necessary to modify its activities in
bolstering up wheat prices through the
Grain Stabilization corporation and
the Farmers' National Grain corpora
The change in policy, as announced
by Chairman Alexander Legge of the
farm board, consists in abandonment
of the arbitrary loan price basis es
tablished by the board last fall. No
more grain will be bought on that
basis. Mr. Legge said, though loans
will be^nade to co-operatives on the
present crop until July 1. Frices for
wheat during the week were unsettled
and generally lower.
Later Mr. Legge was quoted as de
claring that a real embargo against
shipping wheat from farms to termi
nal markets will be put into effect
unless farmers hold their stocks until
storage facilities become available.
He said the board Is endeavoring to
avoid such drastic measures during
the present grain emergency, but that
If railroads are unable to unload cars
of grain at terminals an embargo
would become Imperative.
Officials of twenty-five grain and
other farm commodity exchanges held
a secret meeting in Chicago and gave
out the word that so far as they were
concerned the verbal warfare with
the farm board was ended.
"We have decided to shot up and
get back to business as best we can
under the situation, despite what poli
ticians and governmental spokesmen
may say or do." said one of the Chl
cagonns who attended the conference.
The general opinion of the meeting
was reported to be that the gmin
tfade was satisfied with the modified
policy announced by the federal farm
board, withdrawing the fixed prices
for wheat paid to co-operatives only.
SECRETARY OF STATE STIXISO.V
sprung h surprise on the world
with a statement in London that the
L'nlted States is willing to reduce Its
naval armament by more than 200.000
tons. If the fleets, of the other naval
power* are reduced accordingly. He
said this In reply to reports that the
naval conference was likely to result
In an Increase Instead of a reduction
In the tonnage of the navies of the
world, and said his plan seemed to be
acceptable to America and Great Brit
France was still holding up the pro
ceeding? of the conference although
Premier Tnrdieu obtained a good ma
jority in the chamber of deputies. The
French continue to demand a tonnage
of at least 700.000 tons. If they are
given this. Italy demands the same
total. But Great Britain's fixed pol
icy is to have a navy as large as those
of any two continental powers, and
to have 1,400,000 tons she must add
200,000 tons to the figure on which
the agreement with the United States
is based. That in a nutshell is the
situation, though there are many com
plicating side features.
The subcommittee of the conference
to which was referred Mr. Stimson's
resolution on the limitation and ? hu
manizing" of submarines reported it
could do nothing until the French del
egates resumed their part in the nego
tiations. Premier Tnrdieu sent Bri
and, Pumesnii and others over to Lon
don Thursday and went himself on
Saturday, so there was a prospect of
THURSDAY was denominated "In
ternational unemployment day" by
the Moscow Communists and parades
and other demonstrations by the un
employed were held In many cities In
Europe and America. In some places
there were bloody encounters with the
police and in others there was no dis
order worth mentioning.
Among the activities of the Com
munists should be recorded the Insti
gation and management of a rebellion
of 14.000 high school pupils in Manila.
They struck nominally because of al
leged Insults by a woman teacher, and
the Reds Incited them to sanguinary
encounters with the police.
Alfred von tirpitz. who was
lord high admiral of the German
navy during the World war and fa
ther of his country's submarine war
fare, died In Ebenhausen of bronchi
tis at the age of eighty-one years.
Cablegrams from Japan told of the
death In Kobe of Dr. Arthur T. Had
ley. president emeritus of Yale uni
versity. He succumbed to pneumonia
at the age of seventy-three years. Doc
tor Hadley was educated In Yale and
Rerlin universities and Joined the fac
ulty of his alma mater In 1870. Twen
ty years later he was elected to the
presidency, retiring In 1021. He was
considered one of the world's leading
Other deaths included those of d.
H. Lawrence, noted English novelist
and poet, and Viscount Herbert Glad
stone, youngest son of William E.
OIL, lumber and sugar combined In
the senate last week and brought
about a vote of 47 to 30 in favor of
an increase in the duty on Cuban sug
ar from 1.75 to 2 cents per pound.
Nine senators, most of whom are in
terested In either oil or lumber,
switched their votes, and the resulting
combination smashed the Democratic.
Radical Republican coalition that has
has l>een having Its own way In for
mulating the senate's tariff hill. Dur
ing the exciting debate Senator far
away and others charged that a deal
had been entered Into, and there were
warnings that the oil, lumber and sug
ar trade would be made a campaign
issue. The bouse bill Increased the
rate on Cuban spgnr to 2.4 cents per
pound, so an Increase In this duly Is
virtually certain when the senate and
house conferees fix up the final draft
of the measure.
JOHN NORTH WILLY8 of Toledo,
Ohio, automobile manufacturer. In
the new American ambassador to Po
land. His name w?* submitted to
Warsaw for approval, which It re
ceived. and thh appointment was then
announced by Prenident Hoover. The
senate had no objection to the selec
<?. 1930. XVctttrn Ntwipapw Unloa.)
1 AMANDA I
I AND THE I
I ESCAPED I
I CONVICT I
(? br D. J. W??h.)
Amanda stockton handed
her husband his dinner pall,
presented an apple-like cheek
for his good-by kiss and
opened the back door to let him out.
A chill, raw wind swept through the
kitchen and swirled around her skirts
as she stood in the doorway. For sev
enteen years, regardless of weather,
their parting was the same.
"Be careful about opening the door
to a stranger," he Invariably warned.
Her answer was a good-natured
laugh. Not that Amanda ever took
his warning seriously. It was a pleas
ant part of the morning's program,
end, because It came from Tim, she
Just as he passed through the alley
gate Tim always turned, and he and
Amanda lifted, simultaneously, a hand
toward each other In farewell.
Though Amanda's teeth chattered
with the cold. It did not occur to her
to go Inside until the moment of Tim's
turning the corner at the end of the
Amanda poured herself a post-brenk
fnst cup of coffee. Its aroma filled
the kitchen. A sudden knocking at
the door surprised her.
"I wonder who It can be? It's pret
ty early for callers," she puzzled, as
she opened the door.
The man who stood there was shock
ingly shabby and he shook as though
he bad the ague.
"I sraelled your coffee clean out to
the alley, ma'am." he mumbled, apolo
getically. "Coald you give me a cup?"
"Come In," she said, with swift pity,
flinging the door wide.
She piled a plate high with fried po
tatoes and thick slices of bacon. She
set the plate on the table and Indicat
ed a chair. Pouring a cup of cofTee.
she added cream and sugar, and set
It beside the plate.
"If you'd like more," she said, plac
ing the coffee pot on a china stand be
fore him, "help yourself."
Then she tactfully husled herself at
' the kitchen sink while the stranger
! ate. Except for the rattle of dishes
and silver as she lifted them from the
hot suds to the drainer, and the occa
sional click of his cup as her unknown
guest settled It In Its saucer, there
was silence In the small kitchen.
The man's chair scraped on the hard
wood floor. He rose to his feet. Aman
da lifted her hands from the dlsh
! water and. drying them on her apron,
| turned and faced him, "Hove enough?"
' she asked.
The man nodded. He held out his
foot and eyed, moanlngly. the perfor
J ated shoe with Its flapping sole.
"Your mister wouldn't have an old
pair be wouldn't need, would he?"
"That he has. sir," she said cheer
fully. "They're nothing extra, but I've
been saving them for some one who
might come along, and you may as
well have them. I'll bring them."
In a moment she returned with them
In her hand. A flush had crept Into
the man's face. He glnnced at the
shoes, then at her, and he was shak
ing violently, as though the coffee and
food, despite the color In his face, had
I not warmed him.
"They'll do nicely," he told her, "but
I'm so cold, ma'am, and so stiff I can't
bend over. Would you mind putting
'em on for me?'
Without hesitation Amanda got
down on her knees and pulled off the
shoes. Then, the stranger assisting
with his feet, she deftly pulled on
Tim's old ones over the ragged socks.
As she tied the final knot, Amanda
Her eyes were discs of terror and
her hands fluttered vaguely to her
breast, ber forehead, and the color
drained from her face. The man's
hands were high above her head and
they were bound together with heavy
steel handcuffs! His eyes were half
shut and bis face was working ter
How long she waited thus for him
to strike, Amanda did not know. A
sick numbness filled her. Her mind
I waited blankly, conscious only of the
pounding, bammerllke staccato of the
The unshaven lips of the stranger
began to move without sound. Ids man
acled hands still beld above ber men
Finally he opened his eyes.
Amanda swayed before him.
"It's the first time I've prayed In
years," said the man, with a sob, his
face twisted like a gargoyle. "I was
asking God to bless you, ma'am. You
make me think o' my mother. If you
could do one more thing for me?" His
eyes questioned. Implored, as be beld
oat bis bound wrists. "I can't get
far with these bracelets." be half mat
tered, with a grim smile.
Amanda, blinking with the sharp
rush of restrained tears, struggled to
her feet, managed finally to force the
locks and removed the bands from
the dirty, swollen wrists.
With that he snatched his battered
green derby from the floor and was
gone. Amanda watched htm go out the
back gate and face west down the
Five minutes later three policemen
came up the backsteps. One of them
tapped on the door with his club.
Cautiously Amanda opened It a crack.
"An escaped convict has been traced
to your yard, missus," said one.
"Do you know which way he went?"
"A convict!" exclaimed Amanda, in
well-simulated amazement. As an aft
erthought, In n dumbfounded tone, she
demanded, "What did he look like?"
"He'd get a booby prize In a style
show, all right, for he robbed a scare
crow. He had on a green derby and u
has-been, swallow-tailed coaL"
Stepping to the stove, Amanda bent
over an Imaginary cake In the oven.
She closed the Iron door deliberately
and, as she straightened her face reg
istered mingled Indignation and fear.
"Yes, I did see him," she cried ex
citedly, "twenty minutes ago. That
man ran through my yard to the street
and turned east."
The officers rushed down the steps
and around to the front of the house.
"1 hope," Amanda called after them.
"I certainly hope you catch him I"
Few Andiron* Left
Very few examples of medieval
andirons have been preserved, al
though there Is every reason to be
lieve that during that i>eriod they
were used In great numbers, writes
G. Bernard Hughes. In the Boston
Transcript. Their scarcity probably
is due to the fact that, while in use,
they were subjected to destructive in
fluences, such as intense heat, mois
ture, rust, warping, breakage, etc.,
which, after a time, would render
them useless, and. consequently, they
would be discarded.
The Important place they occupied
among the furnishings of the house,
may be surmised from the well-known
inventory of Cardinal Wolsey's furni
ture at ampton court, where 47 pairs
of andirons were made of brass and
the others of wrought Iron, and all of
varying designs. Many of these were
specially made for Wolsey, for they
bore his coat of arms.
First Form of Plant Lifo
Millions of years before the tirst tree
existed, long before man walked the
earth, or any land animal lived, the
, rocks show us that early forms of
plant life were In existence. Some,
says Forests and Mankind, are remote
but recognizable ancestors of trees,
and among them are the great club
mosses and the early fern-like plants.
Species of our older trees have be
come less numerous. Once the sun
never set on the llriod^ndron, that
magnificent tree we variously call tu
lip tree, tulip poplar, yellow poplar,
and white wood. It grew, says For
ests and Mankind. In ull parts of the
globe, and ut least nine different spe
cies have been found. Now there nre
only two species, one In America and
the other in far-off China.
Providence bestows its gifts vari
ously, but none of us Is unendow ed.
A wise system of education would
aim at leading out (which is the pre
cise meaning of "education") that
talent and making the child a success
in bis own line.
Children should never know they
are dull, and parents should never
despair. A dull child may be a bright
man and a bright child a dull one.?
We're a resource nation. An Amer
ican girl In Paris once bolted her mil
lionaire father before a Jeweler'* ahop
In the line de la Palx and pointed to
a tiara surmounted by a coronet.
"Pa. buy me that!" she said.
"Buy you that?" her father chuckled.
"Why. girlie, you've got to be a duch
ess to wear that."
The girl tossed her head.
"1'ou buy It," she said. I'll find the
The Pastor Says:
Many hear the call to preach, hut
few hear the call to prepare. . . .
In the old economical <laya, ladles made
a single complexion last them ? life
time, and mere girls In their 'teens
managed to keep themselves In the
pink of condition with no expense
whatever for pinking materials.?John
But do all the complicated and elab
orate toys of today brine any more
pleasure than did the rug dolls and
simple toys when they were the only
ones that most children knew ??Kan
sas City Star.
In the Palace of the Mirrors, Lahore.
(Prepared b| the National Geographic
society, Washington. D. c.)
THE movement toward the Inde
pendence of India bag thrown
Into prominence three of the
pivotal cities of the pensin
?uln. From Delhi, capital of India, the
British officials are keeping close
watch of developments; In Lahore met
the All India Nationalist congress
which Issued the declaration of inde
pendence; and in Calcutta, greatest of
the Indian cities, there was recently a
huge demonstration In favor of Inde
If one spot were singled out In his
tory-steeped India as most historic of
all, probably It would be the city of
Delhi, for both written records and
oral traditions extending back for ages
tell of power wielded from Delhi's site.
New Delhi, constructed to be the sent
of the Empire of India, has been built
on ground where cities have risen and
passed away through the centuries,
and about which are situated beauti
ful and striking lonuments of one of
the world's most powerful empires of
Though legend makes Delhi a place
of Importance from earliest times, his
tory takes no accourt of It until about
1050 A. D., when It was the sent of a
Hindu luler. It was captured he
Mohammedan Invaders from Afghani
Stnn In 1103, and from that time onward
was the capital of a Mohammedan In
dian empire. Delhi, In the days of the
Mohammedan conquest, lay to the
south of the present city, and there
where the new power was set up. the
first Mohammedan ruler, Kuth-ud-din.
built in celebration of i.is conquest a
tower of victory, the Kutb Mlnar.
which stands today and has been called
"the most txrfect tower In the world."
Capital of tha Great Moguls.
Tlmur the Lame (Tamerlane), the
Tatar scourge of Asia toward the end
of the Fourteenth century, swooped
down from Sarmarltand in 139S and
sacked Delhi; and In 1S3B bis lineal
descendant, Kaber. took the Tatar
hordes again Into India. captureJ the
city, and founded the Mogul empire,
through the fame of which Delhi Is
best kno ?n to western ears. In 163S
Shah Jahan. the Augustus of the Mo
gul emperors, built the present Delbl
to the north of the old city and em
bellsbed it with mosques and palnees
of great beauty.
Because of Its rich history as the
fountain-head of power In India. Delhi
?not Calcutta, which was then the cap
ital?was chosen In 1S77 as the site of
the Durbar, or gathering of native
kings and princes, at which Queen Vic
toria was proclaimed empress of In
dia. Again In 1003 Delhi was chosen
when a Durbar was held to crown
King Edward VJJ emperor, ami once
more In 1911 when George V assumed
that title. On the latter occasion the
new emperor announced that this an
cient city of emperors would be re
stored as the capital of India and Its
The following year the viceroy and
his administrative council moved Into
temporary quarters a few miles north
of the city walls of Delhi. It la to
the south of the Delhi of recent
decades, near the site of the more an
dent Delhi, however, that the new per
manent capital, planned on an Imperial
scale has recently risen.
Lahore is the capital of I'unjab
state, and one of the ImiMirtant cross
roads of India. Not many curious
travelers are found there, for the city
Is off the beaten paths of tourist travel.
Most tourists visit Calcutta and Bom
bay and perhaps the Interior cities
between them, but Lahore, lying about
2UU miles northwest of Delhi, is ? hit
ont of the way. i et trains from im
portant southern Indian cities connect
with lines to the city; railroads from
the foothills of the western Eimalaya
mountains touch it; there Is s line
from Ijihore to the Afghan border no
the north; and i.om the west come
trains from Karachi, popular Landing
field for Eorooe-AsJa aviators.
Lahore It Colorful,
lathore is about as old as 'be Chris
tian era and in some old. walled por
tions of the city there has not been
much change since the city was first
builL Some of the streets are so nar
row that sightseers who engage ele
phants for a tour watch the natives
scurry Into doorways and. as the ele
phants pass, flatten themselves against
the wall of unattractive houses that
flank these byways.
Every ticuse has at least one en
closed balcony or hay window and no
two adjoining booses seem to have
them protruding from the same floor.
And no two balconies are the same
sire. This feature of Lahore houmr
construction, and the further fact that
I shore's early builders apparently
gave no thought to an even huibiing
line, make the native thoroughfares a
Jumble of uneven masonry and wood.
There are few women ou the streets
of Ijhore but no marter how many
windows a house has. nearly all <t
them frame a bronxed feminine face.
Some of the women wear shawls,
others adorn themselves with trinkets
?stone-encrusted disks pierce the left
sides of their nostrils, ben'ts nearly
cover Ihe bright waists and bronxed
necks of the wearers, and earrings
dangle from the ear lobes to the shoul
At the buxaars. the travelers mingle
with s colorful horde who watch crafty
merchants drive home sates of ham
mered metalware and eorthen vessels
of all shapes and sixes. Jewelry, and
many other products of local manu
Calcutta Hugs and Buay.
Calcutta Is one of the most progres
sive cities of the East, with all the
modern devices to handle its tremen
dous commerce and entertain Its na
tive and foreign population, in less
than 2o0 years it has become the larg
est city In India and second only to
London in the British empire.
When Job Charuock of the East
India company set up a trading station
at Kaliknta In 1COO the Insignificant
native village occupied a narrow
stretch of dry land on the left bank
of the mod I den Hooghly with fever
Infested swamps surrounding it on the
three other sides.
Charnock knew the products of the
rich Ganges and Brahmaputra valleys
could be routed through Kalikuta and
the swamps would protect his station
from unfriendly Indian neighbors, but
his wildest imagination, perhaps, did
not lead him to vision the Calcutta ol
the Twentieth century.
Tc-' y three important railroads con
verge at Calcutta. The treacherous
shifty channel of the Hooghly is a
parade ground for commercial vessels
of all sixes, flying flags of the world.
Nearly ten miles of modern wharves
and warehouses, equipped with all
modern devices, receive and export
many millions of dollars worth of Jute,
tea. hides, oil seed. lac. cotton, coal
and other products of Bengal and sur
rounding provinces. And manj acren
of Ihe old swamp land have been re
claimed forming beautiful parks and
sites for government buildlnga, and
palatial residence! ef "Jute kings" sad
.. fi U WlM