.i;r":iIEUDVKUlDKR8tIilXCHAM. ; .. ;?
. .- i " . ' i
The Wirrin,Couiu b jHibfotal every Tuea
day, at THREE DOLLARS per aiuum,' payalhj at the
tnJ of ! month. ,f ' ff
-"td!S9 paper will be discontinued until til amarsgca
art paid, unlet at the diaerttuon of the editors. , .
.Whoever will become rt-porulblc for the payment of
nine paper, shall receive ft tenth jrafi. . , . , '
AoriiTittmiT will be inserted on the cuitonury
" "icrtoii. ,;'''r " '' "'i i ..t
No adrertbicinent inierted until it has been paid br,
""if iul payment astmned fyom prsoA in this town, or
--U vtaiuty .vi. ., .
Cj"All lcUen to the editor rnuat be pottfaid, or they
will not be attended to. - --v'----
Colainlua'i tint, ipurnntt tixTuxjtd toils
four w W;i' rfcry . a culturtd toil.
.... -4 ft-' - - . f rwV ' --.I... ',"-.
fmtf' Vuinnatutt tutummu inn,
J created iwtI wM A tiUedtl earth t
T7en CMiui'i Monarch layi the iceptrt dvmn
A'or deem the took unworthy of tho mrwn.
-Management of tult. Trees.
(COJICLCBID rtt OCt HIT.
There- are twa waya of graftwgOneJvupon
the stock, after two, three, or four yean growth
in the nun crjr. The manner itHo cut the en-
-tire head of the stock off and then to make a cleft
" "in the lop and insert the scions in it, covering up
the' whole crown aficrwaMs with a composition.
But this method is attended with this disadvan
tage, that should one of the grafts not Uke (two are
usually inserted, one on each side) the cleft re-
" mains open, aftei the composition falls off ; and
thus the cavity at the top on one side, not being
filled "up with new wood, becomes a receptacle
for moisture and is very apt to decay.
The other method, and the best, is to let the
stock remain until large enough to be grafted in
the boughs, namely, until the trained boughs be
ily)ut n inch in diameter. . ,
By taking a view of the natural enemies of fruit
-trees, we shall be belter able to judge of the art
requisite to their preservation.
The enemies ol Truit trees, are, a redundancy
0f wood ; moss spring frosts ; blights ; insects
an c ccess of fruit ; old age.
Som " oi? lncm are heyond huraan rcacn tot
moii of in.!m.R within the? control of art.
rcdun of wo0 " lhe cause of numc'
rous evils 'i 'te roots or ralher lbe PasturaSe
which supports rtera. is exhausted unprofiubly ;
the bearing woa.!l0fPart.filssustcn'in"'
nnd tho iSturalJirtf of. the tree unnecessarily
ahortened ; while th.e superfluous wood, which is
-lhe cause of tbia miaea'ui PKce thf "ce n Per'
pctnal dnger bv giving l windi additional pow
I .uu i!,,?ftus to the bearing wood,
by retaining the damps, and preventing a due
circuiauonoi air. . , ,
fm,ifrh wTeisrn down, espe
rialfv when loaded with leaves- tiie fruit bearing
hranehes they ure preying upoiu giving them a
drooping habit or at least prevents their taking,
- as tber ought, and otherwise vroM n aKen
. i: WKli- thoe. whicii WW with-
in the head, are equally injurious in crossing ana
i. r ak nMr.aK1 lirftnr.hpt.
The outer surface is only able to mature fruit
properly.; Every inward and every underling
Krornr to he removed. I t IS no
uncommon sight to see two oOhree tires oi
dom hard,. one upon another ;
with" tTeIrfwigr6 intimatelysinterwovcnv thit
-i - ma s.tF n .mull liirrl run I
jml before tie trees have had time to Jry ere
verr iniurlous to the buds. An Instance is men
tioned, in which a flying hazy shower in the ere
mug was succeeded by a smart irost j mat siue
'if ther treeamJnxrwhiehrther Inzer 'drove.-was
entirely cut off I while that side cf the tree which
escaped the moUture likewise escaped tho enect
of the frost. '
Much,howcver,may depend on the strength of
the b!ossoms. .The spring of tho year, 1788,
had ill frosts, and aft hopes tf fruit trees were
morcthan once given up; j yet farquaniHypr
Duality taken conjointly, thero hur- perhaps, id
om been so good a fruit year. Dat thtvycf,
the buds formed, and the blosmmi broke forlh
with unusual vigor, and were enabled, by their
own strength, to set common enemies at defiance
- ' ' ,
On the contrary, in the succeeding spring, the
blossoms sickened in the bud, the consequence
was, that scarcely an apple succeeded.
The assistance, therefore, reauired from art. in
this case, Is, by keeping the trees in a healthful
vigorous state, to enable them to throw out a
strength of bud and btossom j and by keeping
l A - lhSH akf MHAll .A MIMA ik.M M M A . . t
6f drying quickly,' before the frost sets in. :
The term blight is of vague signification. Black
bllhtlnor winds are talked of everv where, but no
, r 0 ,
definite idea is any wheie affixed to the expres
... tl.i i r.:. i
SI Oil I UM CUIII MIVI IIUll uclwiiic uuiuuuvinct
without any visible cause, and that fruit trees are
liable to be infected with injects, arc certainly
facts. But whether insects be the cause or the
effect of blights does not appear to be yet set
; With respect to blights, all the assistance, which
art can render, is to keep the treeiin a state of
healthfulness, and prevent a much i possible an
excess of fruit. As oid age cannot be prevented,
we have onlj to consider how the productiveness
of trees may be protracted. I have seen healthy
bearing apple trees, which now wear their sec
ond top. The hrst tops being worn out were cm
off. and the stumos saw trrjfted. Sometimes we
ice trees so far trone in decav. that their produc-
U 4 m
tiveness no longer repays their encumbrance of
th mrAl ! Ifnyr iniarliriouf. in inch caie in the eon
duct of the proprietor, who permits such trees
to remain year alter year imbibing ana wasting
the substance of his soil !
He cornea, the herald of a noisy world,
New from all nation lunib'rinj at his back.
TIOX TMK COMMtlCUt AnrtRTisin.
SitvaiUn France. We give some extracts Irom the
nrrw1intr nf th Frencli C ham her of I Entities. 1 h?
naners that we have received contain, in fact, not sin
tr tm of intrL eicentinir thew debates. We havr
elected and arranged, from a number of papers, only
UlOSe passage WUlCll arc nv iuusi nurn.-miiij,
ini- the Btite of alarm which seems to be universal in the
French capital. - Such is thtfdisafl'ection, and such the
insubordination prevailing there, that we should not be
iirnriwft if the next arrival brouirht us accounts of an
open rebellion. The present monarch of France is a
very prudent, and discreet sovereign, and if lie cannot
maintain himself upon the Uironc, he may almost bid
adieu to the Bourbon, dynasty.
The following i an abridged translation from the pro
ceedings ortne uepuues, wnicn nil several runs papers
CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES.
; June 5 The Seition commenced at half past one.
Mr. De WendeU Secretary, read the process
verbal of the sittimr of the dav before yesterday.
This was hardly terminated, when six or clpjht
persons rose at once to speak upon it. Mr. (da
mille Jordan nrocceded. Before proceeding to
aeiiuerate, saiu ne, u is ncccty
exercise, 9 runty( stinted, habilTaffd the fruitthey
bear, becomes of 'a crude inferior Quality-
The great object of the fruit farmer is, to pro
duce a crop every year j and nothing is more like
ly to obtain it than keeping .the trees in perfect
health, and (Endeavouring to prevent their bear
ing beyond their strength, in a general fruit year.
Moss is chieny, perhaps, owing to the nature
-ioff -the ioil, and cannot be-altogcthef prevented j
l)uarmay, in most pases, he checked, and its
iwil nVrt in a rrrnt mo'isiirfi avoided. I have
seen se veral orchards in which the trees were al
left alive, and others entirely killed, and yet suf
fered to remain an incumbrauce to the ground
' iid a disgrace to the country. ' What avails the
number of trees, if they are pot productive ? How
' tabsuril then to spare any reasonable expense, to
Jifesctve them in a state of health andprodus--tivianM-i
or to tuflke-ihoato encumber thfr ioiU
a y.h'ich are past recovery, ? -r - :f:
'Spring, frosts ate .-aetiemy against which, per-
;hap, it is mjst difficult to guard orchard trees.
Dry frosts"are observed to have rio other effect
lhan kecninff the U!o'ssoms back r consequently
ure- freoucntlv serviceable, lo fruit trees But
tack Us were Mtijected to their leaders, and pre
'rwA some annearance of decency. I'hey. in-
- j A.-ti l a.f,u AA Ttv-i ctrv.a rrr A -a tf lim I
enneni w r r.RaWft. to f rmt trees UUUBUKeauST n " "ZLZZJ " J
ali.itii'tw uivtutvi www w--- ' '
eTri?wenrrnot onlrto prevent ; thFscandalous ex-
cesse which were commutea aay oeiore yester
day, but to punish the authors of those excesses ;
for this only can give us. tranquility for the fu
ture. Without doubt the subject is delicate ;
but the dignity of the national representatives is
In EhirlandtWben an outrage
is committed towards a member of parliament-J
all delioerationxi,siispentle.4.iiUtne outrage is
repaired..- I expect, no less from'this assembly,
anA v.nrnra to believe that those who have not
been insulted wiil be the most determined in
seen several orchards in vrnicaiaisswjB..ir... :,tip.,irilja
inost endrely subdued by thii vege
' . 7 . . -t uA..i.T.:...w..ar..avnnrrl mi. to ascend this tribune,
circumstances4nduced me to ascend Jhistrunei
firt in nrrfr. Manv taCtS liaVC Wlien naer uiy
observation. I have been thexareful witness of
them, and I can speak of them witn impartiality ,
cirwf I kn.tiv. hv mv own experience, the terri
ble consequences of an outrage committed upon
me national repr-;,-;iii'" - '"r-" "
twcnjtyslJcbold renewedihe scene& which
preceded the 18th Fiuctidor. It was thus that
croups surrounded lhe place of our deliberations ;
but- the disorder., was iess. meu posicu iw .
Tdrhangfl public cplnloii h vain Uernpt.--everal
journals have given a false representation
of the whole, with the approbation of the tribunal
of tho censon cf the press. It has been boldly
anertedr that an immense crowd ef people sur
rounded the House of Deputies and received,
with transports of joy,' the adoption of the first
article of the project cf a Uu. It has been said,
that two parties had been arranged In hostile ar-
ray cgamst eacu ouier, onu uau oetn resirainea
by the public force. ro, gentlemen, that h an
impfiRjure' which should riot be tnfTercdto ex
tcnd.tu lDufpt6pPWJCJA IrV?t" triic that two
patties have been arranged agains. each other ;
but a slnglo party came bviaiult the Deputies of
the nation, and to' give itself up to the most enor
mous excesses A scene had taken place some
days before. A Deputy had Uen received with
applause, and uccomp4iiicu home by a number
of young people. This is not fortiddtn by any
law u it is, however, by tacit consent, and I shud
dered at it myself. The hvke party have not
confined themselves to the consideration of this
as the triumph of opinion of a single Deputy.
They have cone so far es to commit violence on
other Deputies. These outrages commenced the
djy before yesterday, upon the person or Mr.
Vyhauvcim, ana conunucu in iiic iai smiun upun
many other members, who will succeed me in
this tribune. These men were ot made up
promiscuously from the populace. I hey ap
peared to belong to the same corps, and to conic
from and return to the same place. They vio
lently cried Live the King, and tried to compel
all who weie passing to join in the same cry, and
to prevent them from crying Live the Charter.
Erery one must see that these outrages were
committed in the very presence of an armed
force and in no way restrained by it. It was
feared that there might le found, among the
guilty, powerful and authorized persons. These
are the facts, and which will be confirmed by
those who wi l succeed me in this tribune. Af
ter outrages upon the Royal Majesty, there are
iione more serious 'ban those against the national
representatives. What respect can you enforce
for the laws, if lhe national representatives are
not respected ? Wat respect can the govern
ment hope for, if such excesses remain unpun
ished ? I demand that all deliberation be sus
pended, till the ministers come to this tribune to
give tin explanation concerning the excesses
commuted day before yesterday ; and, above "all,
the measures which have been taken to bring the
culprits lo justice, ft in impossible that they
should not have suflkicnt information a report
has been tn;w!e to the military authority ; I de
mand that it may be communicated, to us.
Mr. -a I'tttr. I ri:c, gcm!c:i).;:j, to add a fact
lo sjpport the opinion and tlv; cci.-lusionsof Mr.
Camiilc Jordcn. I am gin to read a letter
written by Mr. Lallemand. fa' her of the young
student of law, shot by one of the royal guards,
near the place of Carousel.
"Sir: Yesterday my son was killed by a sol
dier of the royal guard,, and to-day he is defamed
by the" Drapcau Blanc," by the "Quoiiennc,"
and by the " Journal of Debates." 1 owe it to his
memory, to his bereaved mother, ami to myself,
to repel the statements of these journals. The
statement is false : My son did not attempt to
disarm the soldier of the guard, lie wa'sjvalk-inj-
without arms, when he was mortally, wound
ed from behind Such is the truth It uill re
sult from lhe prosecution of the murderer.
Gentlemen, this letter wrs sent to the several
journals. The censor of the press refused the
insertion of it. Here was-i considerable inter
ruption ; a gloomy silence on inc ngnt, anu ujc
benches of the ministers. Many deputies raised
their hands, and, by their words and gestures,
expressed their horror and indignation J
Mr. Im fine continue
worthy citizens of Paris have addressed a petition,
Tn'which they testify the. fuels as Mated hi-the-
letter ol Mr. L.aiiemana. j i ms pcuuou ts, imi
Jong, 1 will read it to the House. 7
From Ar r?Ar -ino 1 no ! . '"" -v; rr
The President speaks, in atow voice, to Mr
La Fitted wh5 waves the reading 6f the petition,
but states several facts, fully confirming the let
ter of Mr. Lallemand, TT "
states, in substance, that in the crowd ybung Lal
lemand was heard to cry Vive la Charter ! that
he was accused of wisiune for a revolution, and
immediately Cjcceivehis Jmd-MLMl?..
Lcsuemeur further continues, that he and several
ihef denuiies w
people, who appeared pot to belong to me lower
Elass, and who. were armed with large cajjfffe. jysit 7.Mr. lien). Constant complained, that
pointed with iron ; that they were told, that to
cry v ive ij viiancr cuIlua, uu v.,.
compelled to cry Viye le Hoi ! They were sciz-
cihyhe jcoilsrs their iclothci torn, and were
otnerwise very ui ireaiea.
Mr. Vivard de Ihileauind Ciwmf ferric r, loJ-
lowed with similar statements. ,
Mr, Benjamin Constant I shall say nothing
relating personally to roysck ; bnt I shaiJ ;.pc;i
Ol -tacts concern; mv. om? ric:
' On retiring from the sitting day he fore res,
tcrday," I was informed that those who attacked ' .
Mr. Chauvcltn tho day.hefore, were prcpwrli
for a imilarscene.lJAkWomih .ioldjacirau-...
tiiiti M. La Fayette, that he keeps upon his guard r
they ore . watching for hlrh".- A young man of
the group, v ho was watching for M. La Fayeitc,
was heard to say, wc will make him cry Live tho
K. . -
ng, . - .-;"'.,. ..'.:.. ,
t M AVrary,.' I was passing the street of SJ.
Honore at the bridge of Iuis 10, 1 heard many
cries. Among others, 4 Live the Kuiir, br"wm-
sclf : no charters.' 'I was ordered to withdraw.
and was abused and injured because rov retreat
did not appear sufficiently precipitate. 1 showed
my incaai as a national representative, j bey
laughed me in the face, treated me as a Club
bitt, and ordered me back to the club.
Mr. Mrthin said, Mr. Cbauvtlin bad been
grosaly ill treated. ;
The Krrfitr of the Seat: It is propejf to sus
pend all delilerations. It becomes my duty to
ascend this tribune, to give all necessary securi
ty. It Is proper, first, to distinguish between tho
interior and external police of the House. I
charge myself with what belongs to tho exterior
police. I shall confine myself lo this general
fact. There have been collections, in which the
public tranquility has been disturbed, and hith
erto they have been poken of in an incomplete
and partial manner. The contrast of opinions in
this Huuse, the heat ol discussions, ought not to
occupy France but you know the whole, gentle-n.-n
; both before and since the session, every
thing has been put into operation to scatter sus
picion abroad From the tC..'il Is you, you
yourself, who have done it Lately, in a dis
course, to which I replied, an appeal was made
to the youth, ll is thus, gentlemen, that tho
general irritation which has been manifested, hau
been excited. M. de Chauvelin was conducted
home by a throng who uttered cries of Uve the
Cittrtrr ! Live Chauvelin ! It was lo have been
desired that Mr. Chauvelin had given less ecl.t
to his conduct. Ironical smiles from the kit
The authority, gentlemen, hive taken their meas
ures ; but the factions have also taken theirs.. If
the government had shown too much prepara
tion, it would have produced alarm. '1 he next
day, two parlies were marshulled against each
other; one crying Vive le Iiw! and. the other,
Vive Chauvelin The procurator of the kiiv;
went to the honorable gentleman, and it is dim
cult to conceive why he should refuse to furnish
to the cause of justice the information which he
has just communicated. Wc know nothing of
it. Mr. Chauvelin said nothing of it to the pro
curator of the king. As to the members of thi
Chamb r who have been insulted, an iiujuest shall
be instituted with firmness and impartiality, and
the guilty shall be pursued and punished In
reference to the lamentable transaction whidi
has deprived the unfortunate Iallemand of his
son, it belongs to the common course of justice,
which will be left to itself with all the indepen
dence of which it has need- All the facts recited
are not sufficient lo justify the proposition of Mr.
Camiilc Jordon. There is security for all.... w
are responsible for it ; and it would be unworthy '
this House to give the signal of public alarm.
Mr. Manuel follows, in an address of consider
able length, and iiiurh severity. He states, that
serious disturbances had taken place, endanger
ing the public safety, the national representation,
and the individual safety of the members that
the conduct of ministers was partial, deceptive,
and tyrannical. He inveighs particularly against
the arbitrary control of the press.
'r. .ih7jIIows, on the bide of the ministry ;
accuses the opposition of virulence, and presume
there is no further serious cause for fear.
yir, Demareay represents tho royal guard as
having mixed with the crowd in citizens' dresses,
armed with" pointed canes, joining in -the ex
cesses, encouraging the insults to the Deputies,
and aiding the fcoldim of the police, who arrest
ed only the advocates of the constitution, though
themihTsteual party were the aggrcssms.
Mr. Benj. Conttantf after many interruptions,
and much confusion, proceeds at considerable
length on the distutbed state of affairs, which he
attributes lo the partiality., and tyranny of hc
ministry. Among the mobvthe- ministerialists
raised the cry of down with the charier ! Let us
aventUcJihjod of the Duke of.vitl.ia.Uio.
blood I ot thelibcralcs ! . j.,-.-
After much confusion, and freqticr.t calls for
the vole, and for adjournmeDVand. much mutual
recrimination, the session closed at 7 o'clock, the
fused ttf joia-it
the continued dancers which tbresicrtcd the tap-
hal and the Chamber, precluded the possibility of
delibcralc proceedings. The safety of a consid
erable number of the Deputies wa endangered. -
He instanced an attack made on MrvDulitef, a
respectable merchant, on the preceding day, at
ilio Place Louis XV. by. an dHicer commaidin;
a detachment of dragoons; . : .'
. M. lAifitte as a deputy from Paris, claimed a
rl't-jKt to br; heard with especial attention. He .
.r'.t'ii'JuTe'd f-hc: (! lily icn?wuof the tumults of the
. - - . i
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